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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - June 1, 1940, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME TOt NEWVAKR THAT MAKES AU NOtTH tOWANS HOME EDITION MASON CITY THE BRIGHT SPOT MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY JUNE 1 lun M SECTION ONI NO 204 NAZIS BOMB MARSEILLES AND LYON FRENCHATTACK INDICATION OF NEW NAZI PLAN German Drive Would Be Impeded If Allies Hold Rail Junctions By J W T MASON United Press War Expert French operations in the Ab beville area seem to be a prelim inary maneuver to interfere with a German drive on Paris for which reason the German high command has ordered strong re sistance Any German effort to reach Paris must rely on rail communications for vital assis tance the AngloFrench forces can hold the vail junctions a Ger man advance will be gravely im peded if not wholly checked General Weygand shows by his Abbeville operations that he believes the Germans may be preparing to swing toward Paris from the west using the Abbe ville railhead as a main base of operations Though the German armies are now mechanized in part numerous divisions of in fantry nave no adequate me chanical equipment and need railway transportation for a also The main French railway run ning from Calais passes through Boulogne and follows the coast line to Abbeville where it turns southeast to Amiens and then runs south to Paris The coastline section could be made useless by allied warships which have shown their effectiveness in the past week at Dunkirk But Abbeville is sufficiently inland to be com paratively safe from such attack Abbeville is connected with Lille by a light railway which continues southwestward 15 miles where it meets an important railway line running directly to Paris from the channel port of Treport Ten miles farther along the coast is Dieppe the terminus of another railway to Paris If the Germans were to make Abbeville secure as their western flank movement against Pads and if operations from Abbeville were to drive the French beyond the Treport and Dieppe rail lines lead ing to Paris the defending allied armies would have their left flank seriously endangered This opera tion would greatly assist any main German push which might move along a wide flank south of the Sommc Abbeville thus has important strategic value to the Germans for a major offensive against Paris and to the allies for de fensive reasons The present operations there are not yet de veloping into a major battle They ratier glvt the impns sion of preliminary movements intended to feel out the strength or the opposing forces The ter rain alone the Sommc is part ly ef chalk which makes trench itggmc easy and is thus an ad vantage to the defense An ad vance in this region by the French Jo any considerable ex tent thus would be attended hv much difficulty Conversely the Germans would find the French heavily entrenched if an even tual offensive against Paris were to conccnfratc the base of the western part of the move ment on Abbeville The whole of he Sommc area from the channel to Sf Quentin one of the pivots of the German line is more favorable to defen sive than offensive operations This fact applies especially to the Somme river itself famous in Iue of Euiopean ware tor the difficulties of its crossing The river turns and twists and has Deny Sunk 700 Men Lost Small Allied Force Holds On to Calais Supplies Dropped to Intrepid Soldiers Marines by Airmen LONDON handful u intrepid British and French sol diers and marines holding off a German army from the moated citadel of Calais wrote a page in history Saturday as their com rades at Dunkirk 20 miles away covered the final phase of embark ation of the allied army of the north Fhe mystery of the status of Calais which the Germans claimed to have taken long ago was dissipated by the disclo sure that the British and French held out undaunted and that Koyal Air Force planes were dropping them drinking water rifle machine gun and pistol ammunition and hand grenades In tlie Dunkirk sector so smal now that it is called an entrenchec camp Gen Viscount Gort com manding the British expeditionary force one of the great heroes of the last war was for a time in per sonal command of the allied force which stood fast behind a flooded line General Gort commander of the BE F arrived in England Sat urday morning Lord Gorts arrival was be Ijeved to Ihat the rear guard action before Dunkirk was almost ended and that most of troops that could be rescued had been removed from France It was stated that LordGor left France after handing over OIL command of his remaining troops to a less senior officer as a re sult of the progress made in evacuation This action it was stated was due to the consequent reduction in size of the force remaining in northern France an as confusing currents while its bed is soft T The flight for the south bank of h fu s length from the sea to St Quen tin where the German line bends IOWA WEATHER ABOVE NORMAL Weatherman Predicts Cooler Temperature in Northwestern Part DES MOINES tem peratures were about five de grees above normal Saturday but the weather bureau predicted that it would be cooler in the north west part of the state Sunday The forecast was for warmer weather in eastern Iowa Satur day mghf however and skies will be cloudy over the stale Saturday night and Sunday It was clear Saturday morning m the eastern half of the stale and partly cloudy in the western half Fridays high reading was 87 degrees at Sioux City Decorah had a cool 44 Friday night The reading in Des Moines Sat urday morning was 77 PLAN MASS AIR TRIP HONOLULU T H mass roundtrip flight to Manila Swan credited of 14 or 15 of the navys twinmo I the decided swing from demo tored patrol bombers will start cralic to republican affixation 10 a political homing instinct These are almost altogether republicans who have been among strange companions the last seven years he said He predicted that the republican primary total would reach 245 686 votes Republican volers Monday will appraise the political value of two years in the governors chair at the statchouse compared with five years on the radio Competing for he republican DEMOS FIFTH COLUMN IS NOT HEEDED Not Taking Any Such Reports Seriously States G 0 P Chief By GEORGE S MILLS DBS MOINES Re in publican Chairman Harry Swan said Saturday that he was not taking seriously reports that democrats acting as a political Ready to Vote Election officials and equip ment were ready Saturday for the primary vote Monday in Cerro Gordo county Ballots went out to the Mason City precincts Saturday noon They previously had been distributed by the sheriff and his deputies to other precincts in the county the transmission beginning Fri day evening The polls in Mason City will be open from 7 oclock Monday morning to 8 oclock in the eve ning Other precincts will vote from 8 a m to 8 p m The vo places in Mason City are as follows First First precinct school administration1 second precinct Mason City Lumber company Second ward First precinct courthouse second precinct McKinley school Third ward First precinct Lapmers garage second pre cinct Roosevelt school Fourth ward First precinct S and R garage second pre cinct Nichols Farm Equipment company fifth column would vote Mon day in the republican primary In a preprimajy statement the I GOP state chief said We are not taking seriously any fifth column threats in Blon days primary election We have heard reports which we are un able to confirm that many dem ocrats will enter the republican primary with the idea of help ingnominate the weakest re publican candidate the idea being that such a candidate might be easier to defeat in the fall election isnt likely that any appre ciable number of democrats will Escape From Trop ooo tommies Candidates in Final Messages on KGLO See the radio page in this Issue for numerous campaign messages to be heard over KGLO Saturday and Sunday Seven talks are scheduled by candidates for the governorship nomination on both parties do any such thing because they have their hands full in their own primary Swan credited what he said June 4 from Pearl harbor was reported Saturday CALLS MEN ROME Italy Saturday called up 10000 noncommissioned officers to supplement a force of oOOOO enlisted last fall owever will be a more liiltrr n the ba S assurances Mussolini that he intends to join the fighting and if the Italian strategy in cludes an immediate attack against France which is not yet certain The chance of a German suc cess would be much increased should General Weygand have to divide his protect Paris and also to meet an Italian offen sive against southwestern France It would be taking a grave risk however if the Germans were to iancc on Paris Far more will br at slake than in the Flanders hostilities An offensive aininsl Paris however presumably mav limert to coincide with Italys entry into the war if Hitler has and London or the other M vould impost sufficient strain on any army A double German offensive of this j Kind cannot be expected One or other should be Hitlers choice in the making of which j can gubernatorial nomination in the states biennial primaries arc 1 Gov Georre A Wilson whose 1938 triumph ended six years of democratic statehood 2 II R Gross longtime Ites Moines radio news commentator and the first sight unseen candidate in Iowa primary his tory He has confined his cam paign o radio addresses and has declined all personal appearance invitations 1 rrvitiK If Kmidson of Jewell former slate senator and MANYOFBEF ON HOME SOIL Armada of Warships Merchantmen Craft of All Kinds Help Men A SOUTHEAST COAST PORT IN ENGLAND Sat turday claimed the biggest rescue m military history as it was esti mated unofficially that between 7a and 80 per cent of the British expeditionary force had been pulled butof the nazilaid death trap in Flanders Since the strength of the B E F sent into Belgium at the out break of wideopen war in the west was placed at 175000 men this meant that 130000 to 140 000 Tommies had been brought to English shores by a mighty armada cf warships merchant men fishing boats yachts bar KCS and other craft of all sizes and description Definite figures could not be released as yet butinformed sources reported a tremendous in crease in thenumbers of home coming troops within the last 24 hours When King Leopold III ordered he surrender of the Belgian army last Tuesday and thuslaid open the allied left flank E F appeared to be faced with the al ternatives of putting up he white flag or being annihilated by an on rushing German army of some IOOriOOO men There has been neither sur render nor annihilation Cov ering the withdrawal of the British army Hitler sought to destroy British and French for ces still are waging a furious rearguard action against the nazts Allied naval guns and the al lied air forces are supporting the withdrawal and embarkation pro ceeding under cover of fog that has hampered the operations of the numerically superior German force Grimy but grinning British tommies still covered with the muck of battle said their leader General Lord Gort behind to direct the rearguard battle being fought to save as many as possible of their buddies and their French and Belgian allies still stranded on the shores about Dunkerquc One officer said Gort faced the 18 Czech Aviators With French Bring Down 41 Nazi Planes PARIS WjEighteon CzccUo JHtctl me Slovak flyers with the French air Li1UmblCSt Ot is force have shot down 41 Gorman DunUerque defenses intact Parts of a French army fighting us way from the Lille sector toward the distance of 40 miles were reported to have reached Dunkerquc British and French alike praised the fighting qualities of the Bel gian soldiers many of whom re lused to comply with the kings order to surrender The Tommies expressed their contempt for the Belgian monarch with a joke that rapidly spread through England Whats the difference between Leopold and Judas Leopold didnt take Ihe time to kiss us The B E F officers declared mat mass bombing attacks have proved to have a stunning effect on troops but tocause surpris ingly few casualties that thisgen eration of German soldiers is not the equal of their fathers who fought in the World war and that the German blitzkrieg depends upon a heavy infiltration of spies for a major share of its success PLAMASHES AT LOS ANGELES Two or Three Persons Aboard Test Plane Are Believed Dead LOS ANGELES AA large Douglas airplane reported to be undergoing navy tests crashed and burned near the Los Angeles I airport Saturday j Airport officials believed every one aboard reported to have numbered two to three persons had perished The Douglais Aircraft company said the plane a DC5 one of the newest and fastest of its prod ucts was pilot by Bob Brush a Douglas employe The plant which had left the airport a short time previously plunged from an altitude of 300 feet exploded and burst into flames FRANCE THINKS ITALY TO JOIN NAZIS IN WAR PARIS Sf ivance decided Saturday to withhold approval of commercial and economic accords with Italy which were ready foi signature and government spokes men seemed resigned to the pros early entrance into pcct of ftaly Hie war It has been said that all prepar ations are complete for such an eventuality Something is expected to break fairly soon said a French spokesman The decision on the trade ac cords announced at the foreign office reflected the tenseness that has ansen over Italys warlike atti tude A ministry of information spokesman had estimated that the question of Italys final de cision would come to a head in the first half of June Meanwhile according to French diplomatic reports soviet Russia f Cicrtmg stronger pressure on the Baltic states i Scandinavian voters moi and remarked1 kn0ii e will he the last man to The Weather FORECAST IOWA Partly cloudy Satur day nifrhl and Sunday warmer cast portion Saturday night cooler extreme northwest Sun day MINNESOTA Considerable cloudiness with scattered show ers Saturday night and Sunday cooler Keel river valley Satur day night cooler south and east Sunday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather figures for 24 hour period ending at 8 planes in the I Saturday t the a m Saturday Maximum Friday xt Minimum in Night 51 At 8 a m Saturday At 2 P M Saturday g5 YEAR AGO Maximum Rg Minimum 52 WEEKLY FORECAST CHICAGO out look for the week beginning Mon day Upper Mississippi ers and cooler beginning of week and again latter port of period temperatures will average near normal Sn lvs i Northern great plainsRathe rtulnouties sa id frequent scattered showers mostly light during week cool pc in Attack From Air BULLETIN MARSEILLE France AP persons were reported killed Satur day when German bombers in their first attack on the south of France hit an English ship in Marseilles great harbor and dropped two heavy bombs in the city itself Two of the at tacking bombers were re ported brought down here 12 words were BERN Switzerland German air armada flying in squadrons of 21 to 3G planes swept across the Jlhine north of Base Saturday and struck at French aii bases and roads and the industrial region of the Rhone valley Reports reaching here said the nazi bombers had caused heavv damage in the French industrial region near Lyon and that the bombing had been particularly heavy m suburbs known to con tam factories turning out plan parts and motors With Italian entrance into the war apparently imminent foreign observers in Switzerland took the raids as a German gesture to show Premier Mussolini that nazi aii power was sufficient to give fhil lans help even during the pres ent German northern offensive Marseille on the Mediterra nean also was bombed Saturday as were areas in southeastern and central eastern France Sirens opposite Geneva on the French side of the frontier and at many other French towns in the Rhone region shrieked several times during the afternoon Basel residents saw bombing squadrons leave their bases shortly after noon and return sev eral hours later across the Rhine NAZI OIL TANKS BOMBED BY R A F LONDON air minis try announced Saturday that Royal air force planes bombedoil anks in Rotterdam Friday They ilso raided Nietiport and Ostcnd NAZI BOMBER SHOT DOWN BY SWISS PLANE BIEL Switzerland Swiss ighting plane shot down a Ger man bomber over Swiss territory Saturday less than 20 miles from Bern The four Germans in thci rew were killed Farmers witnessed the air battle vcr Lake in the Jura moun am region V The German bomhcr which reached Bicl was one of two which crossed the Uhine into Suiss territory near Basel Swiss planes on border palrol based them The German bombers separated mdcr warning fire of antiaircraft tbe fighting planes latteries and Iso split Near Lake Bicl witncssc he German returned fire wiss plane with a burst of fire I iom a rear machine gun i The Swiss plane promptly dived ad punctured the bomber with I ullets j One witness said the bomber j roppcd like a rock giving the rew no time to escape The bodies of the four Germans i vcre in the wreckage INVADERS OPEN DRIVE AGAINST SOMME FRONT Galencu Rumanian Foreign Minister V Quits Post By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Sinking of the 33950ton battleship Nelson flagship of the British home fleet was reported in Berlin Saturday as nazi armies wheeled in an attack on the Somme the allies line guarding Paris The announcement b y authorized German sources said 700 of her crew of 1320 were lost but how or where the Nelson was sunk was not reported Loss of the dreadnaught completed in 1927 would be heaviest single blow the Not Worthyof LONDON Brit ish naval sourcessaid Sat urday the German claim thai the ffagship Nelson had been sunk was not worthy of denial British navy has suffered since the war started A German torpedo sank the 29150ton battleship jRoyal Oak a World war veteran in Scapa Flow last Oct 14 The nazis opened their Somme offensive as addi tional troops of the allied armies snatched from the German death trap in Flan ders reached the safety of England Italy teetered between a war of vords and a war of weapons Rumanian Foreign Minister resigned because of ill jealtn and was succeeded by Ion igurtu a close Mend of the jorman government Belief was expressed in allied rircles m Athens that a eciet aeemcnt lias been iwdc aimed at keeping Greece lorn becoming a battlefield if laly should enter he war The French said they held the iazi onslaught on the south bank of Ihe lower Sommc in a battle aunclHjd by the Germans Friday at dawn Saturday and till going on With the Germans striking long the Somme front while still lemming m remnants of the rapped allied armies in Flanders new phase of the war began V The allies expected and Ger many hmled a nazi attempt to roll down on France before loom ing any attempt to invade Eng Italy still hovered on Ihe side hues apparently drawing closer o the decision which might send her armies northward while Ihe pushed southward in a gigantic pincers in France Italy called up 10000 noncom mifstoncd officers Saturday to supplement a force of 50000 while both in ftaly and in Spain clamor grew tor Britain to relinquish stronghold at the western gate of the Mediterran Tlic greatest rescue in mili tary history was claimed by Bnlons with unofficial esti mates that threefourths of the Bnlish expeditionary fDrcc had been snatched from the nazi death trap in Flanders by an ar CAPTURE AMERtCAN BERLIN Hill American ambulance driver was captured by Germans m the Rhincland front ri Monday to keep thci the announcement said ov lowlying rain clouds The estimates of a 75 to 80 per cent withdrawal meant Ihat from 130000 to 140000 of the IoOOO sent into Belgium when Germany invaded the low reached the safe ty of England shores A the imc time London news papers proclaimed that the bitter ;