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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 31, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COMP RTMENT OP Y AND ARCH t WES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS AlAKTlrt rITV IOWA MONDAY JULY 31 1944 Tllls pBPer Consists at Two One NO Z55 y0ult Accented Ptts United Pro ruii Wire Ctats CITY IOWA MUMDAK JVW YANKS SMASH 18 MILES IN FRANCE One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KOLO City Bnday P KHMO Humital TMradiJ P WSlil Cilr TkirriBT WOI Amw Friday ra KSCJi Bloui City Friday KICDi Spencer Pm Peace Now Would Mean Axis Victory I FOR ONE am finding it increas ingly difficult to be broad minded when it comes to judging that Peace Now Movement which has its national campaign headquarters in Cambridge Mass Im not saying that its leaders are on the HitlerHirohito payroll But I do say that their service for those 2 public enemies couldnt be any more effective i they WERE paid for it Lets take a look at the Peac Now program as it is set forth ii the unsolicited literature whic has come to my desk in recen weeks Heres the 4point cred printed on the outside of the or ganfcations envelopes 1 If international and domes tic peace will be a blessing afte victory in 1948 or in the year 2 000 A D it is equally desirabl today 2 Every added week this war continues decreases the chances that our children will live in a peaceful prosperous free and righteous world order 3 A just and lasting peace can be had as soon as enough people really want it and work hard for it The president and congress could end this conflict promptly and satisfactorily for all man kin d by jointly announcing Americas definite Peace Aims and by inviting allies and enemies to send representatives to an im mediate public peace conference lor the discussion TEN THOUSAND WAVES MARK SERVICES SECOND a mass rally Sunday evening on the Washington monumentgrounds 10000 WAVES all from posts in the capital stand at attention as they take orders from their chief Comdr Mildred McAfee for a program including speeches by top ranking navy chiefs Washing tons monument base is in the background Navy Secre tary James V Forrestal told the WAVES at the celebra tion of the second anniversary of the forming of their service that he hoped the navys womens arm would serve overseas Associated Press wircphoto Kayenay engraving TURKISH BREAK WITH NAZIS IS EXPECTED SOON Berlin Predicts Naval and Air Bases Will Be Ceded to Allies London sources in I Ankara told the United Press Monday that Turkey was about to break off diplomatic relations I with Germany and might do so within 24 hours The passage ol the repor through the tight Turkish censor ship appeared to put it in th I semiofficial class as the most au thentic version so far of a uumbe of forecasts that a major decisio by the Turks was approaching United Press corresponden Leon Kay reported from Ankar Nazis Admit Loss of Kaunas Hint Reds May Be at Warsaw Reconversion Plans Vital Dewey Says Pittsburgh Gov Thomas Dewey asserting that the new eal had failed to plan for posl var reconversion declared Mon ay it may not be long before he most vital thing that faces very American is his opportunity o work Arriving here for conferences vith political business and labor caders the republican presiden ial nominee told a press confer RUSSIANS PUSH NEAR SUWALKI Germans Prepare for Polish Capitals Fall BULLETIN London German radio reported Monday night that Rus sian forces had opened a scale attack against Warsaws in dustrial suburb of Eraea on tne east bant of the VistnlaV riyer None Hurt as Zephyr Slices Into Rowboat at Clear Lake Russian Troops 345 Vliles From Berlin sanction But viewpoint of those who believe that lasting peace and the blessings of freedom are the goals for which the united nations fight in this war every one of the 4 statements is a downright lie and an insult to decent patriotic people everywhere A considerable part of the lit erature from the outfit concerns itself with proving that its spon sors are good Americans not proaxis agents that the move ment isnt treasonable and se ditious as charged by the Dies committee that it isnt profas cist antiBritish antiRussian or antiSemitic All right rmWillingto skip all least for the time be iudge the Peace Now parcel by unwrapping it andtak a peek at whats inside Lets do that very thing here and now FIRST of all lets consider who it is that wants a n peace Is it the fighting the allied side Ive never heard that suggested Is it their mili tary leaders No Is it the govern ments of any of the united na tions No Who is it then Clearly there are just 2 places where a negotiated what Peace Now really would be wel come One of these places is Ber lin or Berchtesgaden the other is Tokyo Why is this true The reason Isnt hard to find The plain fact observable by anybody who isnt blind is that peace now would be the one and only way for Germany and Japan to gain a victory out of the war which they are losing Thats un derstating it I should v have re ferred to it as a war already lost P TO this time Germany still has in her possession practi of the territory she took by overrunning her innocent neighbors Poland CzechoSlo vakia the Baltic states the Bal kan slates Denmark Norway Clear and Mrs E W Witt and Mr and Mrs Walter Beinie Charles City had a mirac ulous escape from drowning or serious injury Sunday afternoon when the rowboat in which they were riding was run down and sliced in 2 by The Zephyr Cur London IP Marshal Stalin announced Monday night the cap ture of Siedlce rail town 50 miles east of Warsaw Stalin also an nounced the capture of Minsk Mazowiecki 23 miles southeast of Warsaw and Lukov London Germans in dicated Monday that the Russians reached Warsaw proper and their communique acknowledged the fall of the former Lithuanian cap ital of Kaunas after a fateful Sun day in which other soviet forces stormed 7 miles inside the Suwal ki triangle of East Prussia At Warsaw German iroops prevented strong soviet forces from breaking through toward the town the official nazi agency DNB said A Berlin radio commentator said soon afterwards that the Russians were drawn up in an arc 6 miles from the Polish capital within leyLewiss speed boat penedno one received juryvthan 4ri VThose1 who saw ytheV accident state that the view of the Zephyrs pilot was cut off by a sailboat un til he was almost upon the row boat He immediately turned about and picked up the 4 people and brought them to land Ope of Witkcs boats was nearby and at once dropped life buoys to the people in the water I It was not learned whether any of j them could swim nor to whom the wrecked boat belonged IOWA CHILD KILLED Sioux City Towns 3 was killed Saturday at Beres ford S Dak when struck by an automobile which did not stop Her parents and Mrs Ed The As it hapI Towns Jr are of Sioux City The i further in1 fathernow isjp Qjg ja tgines By UNITED PRESS The shortest distances to Berlin rom the advanced allied lines Monday miles miles miles Buy your War Bonds Stamps from that allied quarters said a ruptui o TurkishGerman diplomatic re lations was imminent1 Turkey is taRing the initiative pissibly within 24 hours accord ing to reports current in diplo matic circles Monday morning I Kay reported The German Transocean News Agency was quoted by the FCC as saying that a talk between Ger man Ambassador Franz von Pip j en and Turkish Premier Sukru Saracoglu has 1 until After Ankara I dieted a diplomatic break between Turkey and Germany Berlin newspapers said that the Turks would cede air and naval bases to the allies The Turkish governments deci sion was expected to be revealed to editors of Turkish newspapers at an urgent meeting called at Ankara for Monday but presum and I ably will not be announced until assem ber that in November it will be electing a president most of whose term will be in peace time As 1 see it Dewey said the United States simply cannot face another period like the Roosevelt depression which lasted for years With more than 10000000 m e n unemployed continuously from 1D33 through 1040 Dewey who was greeted by large crowd at the railroad sta tion and spectators lining the streets on a circuitous parade to a downtown hotel said he had come to Pennsylvania to begin work on the too long delayed preparations for reconversion industry which he said vitally involved em ployment after the war ends I think proper government policies can contribute enormously and I believe successfully avoiding unemployment which so many now regard as inevitable uder an administration that failec been postponed dispaTches pre m youTr GlobeGazette afterthe grand national assem 1 W mettsWednesday sight and easy artillery range of its old spires The last Moscow re negotiated i port placed the red army 20 miles g men on southeast but Berlin told of fresh retreats below the Polish capital The military spokesman obvi ously was preparing the German home front for early news of th fall of Warsaw Kaunas second city ot Lithu ania with 152365 population lie 35 miles east of tine prewar Eas Prussian frontier and on the Nie i lowans Swept Away y Current Drown in es Moines River Des Moines persons 1 drowned in the Des Moines river vhile attending a birthday pic nic near here Sunday The victims were Mrs Bermce Delong 21 her brother Donald 3ecker 16 and Frank Groves about 40 all of Des Moines The drownings occurred when Bernice who could not swim tripped while wading in shallow water and was carried into the center of the river by the cur rent Donald jumped into the wa ter and managed to reach his sister Groves whom friends said was a good swimmer attempted to save the 2 when he saw the boy j u Luxembourg and Holland Most of France is still occupied by the nazis While weve cut deep into Japans stolen empire the fact remains that the Japanese still hold tremendous sweeps of terri tory on the Asiatic continent and in the Pacific including the Phil ippine islands and the east Indies What wouldnt Germany give to retain alii or even a sizable part of her illgotten is exactly what site would da In the event of a negotiated peace at this stage of the war What wouldnt Japan give to keep her territorial loot or a con siderable part of is exactly what she would do in the event of a negotiated peace now Giving the Peace Now boys the benefit of doubt as to motive on Page Z men river Moscow reportedrrec troops well west of Kanuasanc saidthe Germans were thro win in many fresh men and reserve to halt a Russian push into East Prussia itself The German transocean agency said last Friday that Kaunas was evacuated hut official announce ments did not confirm the victory until the announcement Monday in the German high commands communique The plunge into the Suwalki tri angle which East Prussia annexed in 1939 after the fall of Poland carried within 21 miles of the pre war boundary of that German province of the junkers military caste Giby 7 miles inside the tri angle wastokenby the troops ol Gen Ivan D Chemiakovsky 37 a could not bring her to shore All 3 were swept away by the cur rent Marshal Konstantin skjs troops and southeast of Warsaw but in Moscow it was I believed he was edging toward the Polish capital feeling and fighting his way against numer ous reserves and fresh armor Charniakhovskys sudden of fensive hurled the nazis out of 300 towns and villages on a 68 mile front and scored gains up to 15 miles The Moscow com munique disclosed the capture of jGiby 7 miles inside the Suwalki triangle Shlyanova is 5 miles east of Kaunas the former Lith uanian capital whose fall was be Jewish general Reds Advance on Several Fronts lieved imminent The German radio said the Russians launched a major as sault in the Augustow sector 21 miles southwest of Giby and 8 miles from prewar German East Prussia Moscow red armys t In addition Gen Ivan Bagram smashing of tensive Monday car ried Gen Ivan Cherniakhovskys cavalry and tanks deep into the Suwalki triangle annexed by the Germans to East Prussia in 1939 and placed the advancing soviet forces 24 miles from the prewar boundries of that nazi province The Russians were 9V4 miles from the town of Sowalkl itself in the wild borderland country east of theMasurian lakes Soviet forces at the captured village of Shlaynova were 69 miles sonlh east of the East Prussian rail city of Insterborg There was no new report from lans forces to the north made further progress toward trapping an estimated 3W000 German troops in Estonia and Latvia j The first Baltic army under I Bagrarhian captured 300 Latvian towns and villages including Gluda 8 miles southwest of Jel gava the 6way rail junction that controls nazi escape routes out of Estonia and Latvia Gluda is 25 miles from the Gulf of Riga The Moscow communique said 1144 towns were captured on the 3000mile front from the Baltic to the Carpathian mountain apr prpaches to CzeehoSlovakia for 8 years to meet the problem despite tremendous deficits Dewey said he planned to talk with political leaders about the campaign while here as well a lo discuss the postwar reconvcr sioii problem A reporter nsked what the re publican nominee thought abox the dont change horses in th middle of the stream sloga which some democrats had voiced in the light of that partys nom ination of Senator Truman D Mo for vice president Truma replaced Vice President Henry A AVallace on the ticket ay GERMAN FLANK THREATENED IN SPEEDY THRUST Armored Column Races Into Avranches Ready to Hit Central France Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force ing another trap on remnants of 8 destroyed or badly mauled nazL divisions with an 18 mile light ning thrust American armored forces fought in the streets of Avranches Monday night in an effort to clinch control that springboard for a break into central France Thirteen miles to the northwest the Americans seized Granville in the swift mopping up ot the Ger man 7lh army The entry into Avranches arked a liOmilc penetration om the TJDay beachheads The force entering the city at ie west base ol the Normandy cninsula was described as fairly rang and its position as well ito the town The sensational burst to Avran les at the angle formed by the ormandy and Brest spurs closed new trap on Germans fighting the north around Granville and long the line of Gavray to Tessy demolished in charigeaVohe rhalf o the horse Dewey replied X Which a reporter asked Dewey smiled but did not reply 200 PLANES ATTACK NAZIS London More than 1200 mcrican heavy bombers escort d by nearly a thousand fighters over Germany and France ionday smashing at objectives in ie Munich area other pointsin entral Germany and airfields in Some of the bombers dropped heir loads visually but others en ountered thick clouds forcing lem to use overcast bombing echnique The air force announce ment identified the German tar gets only as military objectives It was the Gth bombing this month ofthe Munich area by ar madas of more than 1000 British jascd American heavy bombers The nazi shrine city has 5 trunk rail roads brie through the Bren ner Pass to Italyand numerous aircraft1 and chemical works used manufacturing flying bombs Other American bombers from Italy hilit a 7th time SurVhe threatening to add to lie 10500 prisoners taken since he start of the American offen ive last Tuesday The Germans official news agency DNB said the Americans lad captured Granville 16 miles southwest ot Coutances and 13 miles northwest of Avranches Late allied reports placed the Americans near Granville Seizure of pivotal Avranches would place the Americans on a springboard for an eastward drive for Paris 160 miles away ont flanklng the remaining Gcnaui forces tothe ward peninsula u Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and not quite so cool Monday night Tuesday increasing cloudiness and ris ing temperature with scattered thundershowers toward eve ning GOVERNOR AND FAMILY of the prerequisites for governors days to be celebrated Aug 12 and 13 at Clear Lake is the presence of the governor Here is the pictorial evidence that Gov B B Hickenlooper of Iowa and his family have arrived at the North Iowa summer vacation center The governor Mrs Hickenlooper their daughter Jane 14 and son David 11 are shown on the dock of the Allan F Beck cottage Bex where they are making their vaca tion home The governor will be making occasional trips to his desk at the capitol in Ues Moines and elsewhere but a iarge part of the time in the weeks ahead will find the governor vesting at the North Iowa resort Jane and David were in their bathing suits almost immediately after the family arrived Saturday afternoon and were diving from the dock when the photographer ap peared Lock photo Kayenay engraving Iowa Partly cloudy with scat tered thundershowers Monday night and Tuesday Warmer Monday afternoon Cooler Tues day Minnesota Considerable cloudi ness with thundershowers sout and east and light shower northwest portion Monday nigh Tuesday showers south and eas and partly cloudy northwes portion Cooler Tuesday and north and west portions Mon day night IN MASQN CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum SunCay 84 Minimum Sunday night 59 At 8 a m Monday 05 YEARAGO Maximum 89 Minimum 65 Precipitation trace The figures for Sunday Maximum Saturday 17 Minimum Saturday 51 At 8 61 YEAR AGO Maximum 6B Minimum 58 Meanwhile col pressed an en circ ing drive around the obstacle city of Torig niSurVire 27 miles inland cap turing the hamlets of La Reaviere and La Frectiere to the south east The ath parachute and the 77th 91st 243rd 352nd and 353rd German infantry divisions were said to have been virtually knocked out ot existence by LI Gen Omar N Bradleys smashing offensive In addition the crack second elite guard and Lehr armored di visions were believed to have been badly smashed but with enough oE their original equipment and pcr qnneLslo retain their identities Thus theremnants of at least 8 divisions1 we re being rapidly ground up in the American ma hine which appeared to be ra dly completinc a 105mile arc across the base ofthe Normandy peninsula whence to break into central France More thousands were threatened with capture by the advance southeast of Torigni where the Germans were boingpushedback against theVire rivetjmd a newly blossoming British offensive to the east which had scored an 8 mile advance on a1 miles front south of Caumont This British smash had taken iill 309 the land et seized Jhthe 900 oot height just Martin iesrBesaces theJ hamlet of t the point oCthesalient and a dozen pther Already termed a success by the British this offensive wai rolling ahead with the support of a sky nil of aircraft Back of the most advanced Av spearhead more Ameri can armor was splitting a corridor Between the Vire and the sea driv ing to within 2 miles of Villedieu 12 miles northeast of Avranches The reach to Avranches was de scribed by a qualified observer as creating immense possibilities Just to the cast the Germans were putting up appreciable arm ored resistance on a line running rpiighly from Gavray through Percy to Tessy Sur Vire But this will do them no good without Av ranches as an anchor on the sea coast because the Americans can move around behind them At least 600 tanks were dis closed officially to be partici pating in the American drive The advance Xo Avranches cut the highway to Paris 180 miles due east On the American eastern flank Ihc first crossed the Torigni SurVireCaumonl road x mile north and3 mites east of Torigni Avranches is the right angle corr ner formed by the junction of the bases of the Cotcntin and Brest peninsulas If Americans break through there they could push straight ahead cutting ofi the Brest peninsula or swing east ward which would start them intc central France and with the ;