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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 31, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COM DEPARTMENT OF T 0 S Y AND A C I V c HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS NtlGHBORS VOL XLVIII ASSOCUttD PMSS AND UNTTffl NQ 251 EDS RUSH TROOPS TO DON REND in Caucasus HI A H Z F R WARTIME POWER UPHELD BY HIGH COURT Arguments Before Military Commission to Be Ended Speedily WASHINGTON Wj The su preme court unanimously upheld President Roosevelts wartime power Friday to close the civil courts to seven alleged nazi sabo teurs and to appoint a military commission to determine their fate w The charges preferred against the they slipped into America armed with explosives to blast war production plants an offense which the court said the president is au thorized to order tried before a military commission This commission which its secret sessions July 8 is now finishing the case and Attorney General Biddle elated over the supreme courts ruling said the arguments before the commission would be concluded speedily and that the commission might be able to report a verdict to the president early next week CoLKenneth CRoyall one of the army officers assigned 10 the defense expressed doubt that the proceedings would conclude o quickly however apparently in dicating an intention to plead at length for the prisoners Hves Royall had argued to the court that no one in America should Be denied the right to civil trial mfh had con tended that these men were enemies m as practical a sense armi armies and had no constitutional rignts The defense declared that some of Jhe prisoners at least were m effect refusecs from Oermany ami had no intention nsinff lhc Dining and the explosives with which tney came equipped Further the defense had con tended that President Roosevelts order closing the civil courts to 3SE if invert W3S i i lllvaiia ana unconstitu tional atIthehanddnB dOW its desion threeday session the served that it has fully consid ered the questions raised hTt nL Justce Stone announced tile Denied the prison er motion to file writs of habeas corpus Only seven of the eight accuser saboteurs sought the writ 1 he courts opinion found which they are facing hv 1 Appointed Reds Assemble Planes for Front Pontiac Plant Shut Down in Dispute of Grocery Clerks i f General Motors Chief Says Labor Leaders Action Is Disgrace DETROIT mc E Wilson president of General Motors cor poration in telegrams to Secre tary of the Navy Knox members of the war labor board M Nelson chief of th duclion board Friday described more than a national disgrace the arbitrary closing Friday of the Pontiae division of the corpora tion by a jurisdictional dispute involving grocery clerks1 I think I can agree with you he wired a labor board member that m these limes it approaches treason1 2 That the military com mission was lawfully On5U by writ of habeas corpus sf The opinion then said Jhe motions for leave fo file petitions for writs of hab4s C0IZVS arc denied district coini to issue forwith lhlThC CUrt has fully considered the questions raised in these cases and tnoroughly argued at the har COTClUSi0n its decision ana enters its judgment in each case m advance of the prepara tion of a full opinion which nec essarily will require a consid erable period of time for its preparation and which when prepared will be filed with Ihe The Pontiac division in quan tity production of armament for the navy Wilson wired Knox was closed this morninc by a Picket line of grocery clerks General Motors has absolutely nothing to do with the jurisdic tional dispute involvingthe gro cery clerks in the retail estab lishments in the city of Pontiac Nevertheless our plant is shut and war production is stopped Something will have to be done about this kind of activities if we are going to win the war To Chairman W H Davis of the war labor board Wilson wired This arbitrary abuse ot power by local labor leaders must be sopped Both local CIO and AFL leaders are involved in it The corporation is helpless in the mat ter unless responsible govern mental authorities lake action The situation is a national disgrace and certainly very damaging lo the morale of the people of the whole country re garding the war effort In a separate communication to L Morse member of the WIB Wilson wired To shut down the war pro ducnon m abig General Motors plant over a dispute involving grocery clerks none of whom works in any of oiir plants is more than a national disgrace I thinkf can agree with you in these times it approaches trcas Wilson said he had sought to communicate with Gov Murray U Van Wagoner and added lhat he thought it might be advisable for the federal bureau of investi gation to take a hand Wilson said threats also had been made to shut down more ft3 in Pontiac specifically of the Yellow Truck and Loach company another G M unit Wilson said James Lucas presi cery clerks banowed their hall for a meeting Thursday night and asked them not to go through their picket lines Friday morn ing Wilson said Lucas had been re quested to remove the picket A memoers meHe Quoted the union presi and Donald S635 other employes a war pro JjjV1 Couldnt go through my At Pontiae a union leader said the men were joining a mass demonstration on behalf of the interunion food store dispute Tucker P Smith regional direc tor of the United Wholesale Retai and Department store Employe CIO said the Pontiac workers icsponcled to an appeal to join a parade designed to convince state AFr that an AFL blockade of food deliveries to retail stores should be lifted Members of the retail clerks union AFL have been seeking to organize employes of independen food stores in the Pontiac area and have enlisted the aid of AFL teamsters in shutting off deliveries to all stores whose owners have not signed AFL contracts CHARGETwiTH OPERATING RING Bahr Others Accused of Gathering Data on War Industries Army vhh ca which contains the Pontiac divi sion employes disclaimed any re sponsibility for the picketing Nevertheless he added we have been advised that the gro N J WVA federal grand jury returned Friday an indictment charging Herbert Karl Frederich Bahr 29 formerly of Buffalo y and cight foreign countries with setting up an international spy ring to information on war industries and thc United v said the ring had offices in Madrid Spain Zur Switzerland Rio De Janiero Istanbul Turkey and Stockholm Sweden The others named in the indict ment which charged them with conspiracy lo commit espionage against the United States were n and OH BaVm ail of Germany Otto Lindt of Switzerland Don Julm Rubio of Madrid Alfredo of Rio De Janeiro Izanto Wennberg of Stockholm and C J Sandaki of Istanbul field injured when two P crashcd ear here sday afternoon the Shaw public relations office an nounced Friday The planes wee believed to have collided in mid BRITISH RAID FRENCH COA5T Scattered German Bomb Attacks Are Reported Made on England LONDON fighters swept across the channel in the direction of Boulogne Friday morning in a resumption of day light raids on the occupied French coast after a night of scattered German bombing attacks upon Britain y Nazi planes also were active over the channel during the forenoon and heavy antiair craft fire was audible for sev eral minutes on the outskirts of London nliich had two tjuick alarms during the fifth and sixth of the week The gunfire sent shoppers in the capital scurrying for cover but ground watchers spotted no enemy planes over the city Eight towns in the midlands were hit with high explosives and incendiaries by the German night raiders who followed the usual practice of lighting up the tar get area with flares before un loading their bombs One midlands town had its first real raid of Ihe war In a second a wellknown church was damaged and in a third lowfly ing planes machine gunned ttie streets The Berlin radio said strong bomber formations again raided Birmingham during the Eifflit of lie raiders were shot down by British defenses and a ninth was destroyed over ils nase in occupied France by an RAF fighter a communique said While the midlands bore the brunl of lhc attack which the bulletin said was not on a heavy scale bombs also were dropped Eust south coast and other widely separated points No bombs fell on London itself but the citys secret new anti aircraft guns again were in ac tion British offensive gestures in cluded a foray over northern France Thursday evening by a strong force of Spitfires and Hurricane bombers which al ackcd a German airdrome near St Orner The British said they lost 13 planes in the afternoon and eve ning operations Bad weather apparently was f01 lhe faure of the iAF to attack Germany again last uU nterruPting an offensive which had seen British bombers over the reich on seven of the 10 preceding nights Says Nelson Back of Big Cargo Planes WASHINGTON J Kaiser west coast shipbuilder told a senate committee Friday that Donald Nelson hcairman of Ihe war production board had promised full support of his program to build troop and cargo carrying planes in his shipyards Nelson wants to know of course if it is posisule to get the men and materials to do he job Kaiser said v Earlier Dr William W Christ mas New York engineer who identified himself as the highest authority on aeronautics testi fied concerning a design for a of4 ton plywood battle plane carry3 000 which he said could men 1200 miles Dr Christinas who also de clared himself to be dean of aer onautic engineers supported Kaisers suggestion that Ameri can shipyards could build flying boats for army transport service The elderly engineer said the ideal place to build big planes is in the shipyard He explained that naval architects understood the problems involved Dr Chritsmas said lie had ot tered his ship to the navy but couldnt see it to save their lives Kaiser madehisannounce men in a reappearance before the senate military subcommit tee He had expressed utmost confidence Thursday that lie could build the 70 ton Mars fly ing boats designed by Glenn Martin Baltimore airplane pro ducer K 1JL if The shipbuilder said he had not been free before to disclose his studies and work but had since spoken to the government J am free to disclose now tha ever since Donald Nelson cam into the government I have ha tremendous support from him Kaiser said He has given me his full sup port on the program for the con struclion ot these I oats Kaiser said he had the avail ability of men and materials un cler discussion with him and I be lievc 1have his enthusiastic am bition lo accomplish the nro gram Death of 4 High Nazis Disclosed 3 Killed on Russian Front By UNITED PRESS Germany announced the death of four high nazis Friday three of them in action on the Russian front Those killed in action were Maj Gen Gerhard Florin Senior Naz Group Leader Hermann Braun cgg and Prince Wilhclm of Hesse formerly an officer in the SS corps who had been made a cap tain of infantry The fourth to die was Gen Paul Scharfe senior group leader and general of the SS combat troops Scharfe died near Munich Berlin said EMPLOY 3 WOMEN DRIVERS BURLINGTON fF Three women have been employed as ambulance drivers at ihe Iowa ordancc plant here Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Cooler Friday night and Saturday forenoon IOWA Local thunder showers Friday night and Saturday forenoon Cooler southeast and extreme east portions Friday ght Rising temperature ex treme west forenoon portion Saturday MIIWESOTA Local showers Fri day night and Saturday fore noon and in extreme south west portion Friday afternoon Not so cool extreme northwest portion Friday night Somewhat warmer west portion Saturday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather statistics Maximum Thursday 86 Jlin Thursday night 62 At 8 a m Friday 70 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum gj ROUT47NIPPON PLANES IN PORT DARWIN BATTLE Brilliant Work of U S Flyers in Break Up Formation Told GENERAL M a c A R T H U RS HEADQUARTERS Australia W the biggest burst of aerial warfare since the Coral sea baltl nearly three months ago Ameri can flyers in Curtiss KiUyhawks Thursday shot down nine Jap anese raiders over Darwin and downed one ov possibly two Jap anese over New Guinea while heavy allied bombers 100 miles north ot New Guinea set raging fire to a Japanese transport and shot up its destroyer escort One American plane was shot down at Darwin but the pilot par achuted to safety The American fighters tore into the attacking force of 27 heavy bombers and 22 escorting Zero fighters over Port Danvin knocking down seven of the fighters and two bombers at a cost of only one defending plane The Japanese formations were completely broken up in this allied performance described by a headquarters communique as a piece of brilliant intercep tion f 2f The big raid upon the norlhev port came in the afternoon afle a light ineffective morning a tack In other thrusts at the common wealth nine highflying Japhnes jombers made the first attack o hc war on Port Hedland smal reight port southwest of Broome Jvestern Australia causin slight damage and one casualty ind made a futile singleplan night attack on Horn island in In Torres strait Keeping up their own offensiv operations allied heavy bomber pounced on the destroyerescortec Japanese transport 100 miles of Gana Mission Papua and score five direct hits leaving the spouting flames visible for 3 miles Then the destroyer escort wa machinegunncd from low Icve and her antiaircraft gun silenced The transport described by Fridays communique as a me dium sized carco vessel was the fifih enemy ship damaged or sunk since the Japanese invaded Ihe Papuan peninsula last week Heretofore one transport was sunk and two others and a de stroyer were hit by allied bombs From all Thursdays operations three allied planes were missing For the first time in several days allied headquarters said there was no ground activity at Kokoda inland village midway between Gona Mission and the allied base at Port Moresby The latter was attacked by three Japanese night raiders without damage An Australian correspondent in New Guinea related in a dispatch Friday how GO Japanese were killed when they walked into an allied trap recently at Mubo near Japaneseheld Salamaua The enemy force of 115 men ntered a clearing covered by al lied machineguns and was caught m a deadly cross fire The corres pondent said the Japanese aban doned dead and wounded native guides and much equipment but carried their own dead away The allied jungle fighters he said operate from secret camps and scout jungle paths scarchin or the Japanese J towan and Son Killed as They Change Tire DES MOINES Neal 49 publisher of Community newspaper here and his son Iny 12 were killed Thursday night vhen struck by a truck while changing a tire on their car on highway 69 near the south edge f the city Sam Klinginsmith 18 f hula Mo driver of the truck old police he didnt sec either of he and that his truck had een forced to the side of the four ane highway by three approach ng cars one of which was pass ng another just before the acci dent Buy War Savings Bonds and stamps from your GlobeGazette amcr boy i Nazi Saboteur Is in Iowa PARKERSBURG B I agents Friday were investigating reports that a man resembling a nazi saboteur had stopped licrt Thursday Mrs Harry Lumley wife ot tlu marshal ot this 1200populatio town said that she gave break fast to a tall blond resem bling news pictures of Joscpl Schmidt 33 who has been hunted by the FBI since the start o the Washington spy trial Shi said he spoke with an accent The marshal was asleep at tin tune Mrs Lumley said the man came to the door begging food and as he was eating she told him 1m husband was a policeman The man bolted his food and left ii a hurry she said Ed Koche carpenter said he gave the same man dinner the mghl before He was last sec Waii way 20 out of town REPORT IS ONE OF MANY GIVEN FBI DES MOINES report that Psrkersburg residents hat seen a man answering the de scription of Joseph Schmidt al leged nazi saboteur was being in vesiigated Friday by the FBI of fice here The agents pointed out how ever that the Parkersburg re port was only one of many re ceived since J Edgar Hoove Federal Bureau of Investigate chief requested citizens to be on the lookout for three supposed e Pe saboteurs including Schmidt 4 Killed 13 Injured When Axis Bombers Make Alexandria Raid CAIRO Egypt bomb BYS raided Alexandria Thursday damage to property the Egyptian interior ministry announced Fri day Air raid alarms also sounded in the Cairo area and other poinis fcgypt the ministry said but it made no mention of bombs falling in Cairo which was the of a light raid Light British patrols harassed Jic axis forces on all sectors of the i1 Alamein front by night Gen eral Sir Claude Auchinlecks head quarters announced but there was no indication of large scale operations anywhere in the fight ng zone SEES TAX REDUCTIONS HOLLYWOOD or Harold Lloyd and the Carl icmmie estate said Friday that lollywootl mansions have no mar ket because increased income axes made it impossible for own ers to earn enough to maintain ucii homes The attorneys sought ax reductions NAZIS TELL OF 112 MILE GAIN SOUTH OF DON Reds Turn Flying Wedge Into Death Trap for Germans By ROGER GKEEXE Associated Press War Editor Rallying soviet armies fighting under the slogan die but dont retreat threw bad the Germans m some sectors of the Don river bend 80 miles northwest of Stalin grad Friday but in the Caucasus the situation grew ever more critical Soviet armored rain rolled iiuo the shelltorn battle area OH the steppes of the Don bend bringing up fresh reinforcements lo bolster reel army veterans who appeared to be slowly turning the tide against the Germans Frontline reports said the new troops were rushed immediately into the flaming battle zone A bulletin from Adolf Hit lers field headquarters de clared hat German Ituinaniau and Slovak troops drivingto ward the Caucasus oil fields had already thrust spearheads 112 miles below the Don and the Russians acknowledged Ger man advances in this theater The na7i command said that lighting was in progress for the own of Salsk a junction on the last major rail line from the Cau casusto Stalingrad 100 miles southeast of Rostov and that axis troops had swept across the Don on a 150mile front German speed troops and ad vanced infantry divisions wore pictured by the nazi command as closely pursuing the Russians and preventing further retreat at sev eral points by outstripping the disorganized fugitives Strong soviet attacks were ac lowledged in the north around ihev 130 miles northwest ot Moscow on the Volkhov front and outside Leningrad In the battle of the Don river bcml above Slnlinerad the red armies reported they had turned a novel flying wedge attack f massed German infantry walled by tanks into a death rap for the nayis Dispatches to Red Star said Russian troops also wiped out hrec battalions of German infan ry disguised in soviet army uni orms Red Star said the decep lon was quickly frustrated when t was discovered that white tabs lot worn by the Russians had iccn placed on the collars Southwest of Klctskaya our roops repelled enemy attacks ami n some sectors pressed the enemy iack a bulletin from red army icadfiuarlers said Klctskaya BO miles above Stal nffiRd has been Ihe scene of ground southof the Caucasus slowed the pace of uerman drives ;