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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 31, 1941, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME i piqTer c f I L J fr C j fv HOME EDITION THI NEWSPAFIR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 10WANS MASON CITY IOWA MASON CITY MIGHT SPOT NAZIS CLAIM GAINS ON LENINGRAD Against CITY RECEIVES GO AHEADFOR WORK AT SITE Judge Rules Turkey Raiser Must Suffer for Common Good The city of Mason City got the go ahead sign in its proposed air port seven miles west of town Thursday morning when Judge Henry N Graven denied a peti tion of W H Nicholas to enjoin the city from establishing the air port on the proposed site Although there is no question that planes will seriously handicap Mr Nicholas turkey business the judge said the annoy ance is one of the things he must suffer in the common Judge Graven said that avia tion has now become a part of the American way of life and that it has a right to exist He said he felt that a turkey raiser could not rightfully insist that none of the adjoining land owners use their land for a legitimate business that would interfere with his own City Manager Herbert T Bar clay said that the citys could nowgo ahead with a study of a proposed system of runways as submitted by the civil aeronau tics board office at Kansas Cily and that it was hoped the council would be able to pass on the lay out soon He said it was hoped that a preliminary design of the administration building to be lo cated on the airport would be ready for Mondays meeting of the Tlesfcctions airports v and Hying made eight or 10 years ago are as outmoded now as the planes of that day would be now Judge Graven said in another part of his oral decision Judge Graven likened the air port situation to one in which a railroad operated near a mans property He said that even though the noise and smoke of constant railroad traffic were ex tremely annoying to nearby prop erty ownersthey could not expect to enjoin the railroad from run ning trains over its tracks When aviation first started it was hampered by restrictions similar to those which required the first cars to give way to horses and the public was an noyed by having to hold the horses heads Then customs and laws began to change and the public began to realize Ihe greater importance of aviation Today he said the public must put up with far more annoyance and inconvenience then when av iation was in its infancy The decision also stated thai an airport would bother someone no matter where it was placed He said that if every property owner could get an injunction against establishing an airport in his neighborhood there would be many lawsuits every time estab lishment of a new airport was undertaken Mr Nicholas said following the judges verdict that he was un decided on whether or not the case would be appealed He said that if the decision was a just and fair one he did not want to carry the matter further adding that he probably could keep from starv ing as a general farmer Judge Cravens decision ended a legal battle which had lasted six Nazi Plane in Moscow Here sone German warplane that is reaching Moscow successfully for a second timeIt was shot downby Russian gunnerswhile participating in a raid over the capital city sels it asa museum be Stalin Voices Appreciation to Roosevelt for Aid Offer Hopkins to See Red Premier Again Makes Auto Tour of Moscow MOSCOW con j Terences between Premier Joseph i Stalin and Harry L Hopkins per Isonal representative of President Roosevelt were expected Thurs 40th day of the Russian German the soviet army Hhis morning was reported battling the nazi in HopWns took a long a vaders toa standstill in vital sec tour of tlle Cltv with United States tors of the long battletront I Ambassador Hopkins who flew to Moscow from London Tuesday was al most immediately granted an interviewwith the most import ant and most inaccessible man in Russia He said he came to see Stalin at Roosevelts re quest and he expected another full daysin the courtroom and which had been brewing since last April Mr Nicholas who has a large investment in his turkey raising business On an 800 acre farm just east of the proposed airport site attempted to enjoin the city from establishing the landing field near his property He felt lhat the planes would so interfere with turkey raising as to make the business unprofitable I Judge Graven said that his de cision did not pass onthe question of trespass by planes flying over the Nicholas property and that the fight to seek damages was still open to the plaintiff meeting Thursday and perhaps several more before he leaves Hopkins saw his first Moscow air raid from a balcony Wednes day night according to Erskine Caldwell CBS Moscow corres pondent As the sirens sounded at midnight Hopkins watched the citys defenses go into action and then went down into a shelter This morning Caldwell said automobile ui UILcuy wnn united States I Ambassador Laurence A Stein hardt The only untoward incident of the tour was a flat tire on the car Hopkins got out offering ad vice to the chauffeur saying Ive fixed lots of flat tires At noon Hopkins lunched with the British ambassador Sir Stafford Cripps Giving one of the few public re ports of an interview with Stalin Hopkins said in a press conference S embassV residence We discussed problems of sup of materials that can be delivered to the U S S R t cannot pres ently speak of the details or quan tities Stalin eave me a message o transmit to the president He expressed his sincere apprecia tion to tht president for his offer of assistance and declared he is certain the president and the American people are not mis taken in expressing their con viction ihat the soviet people will ply their role in crushing Hitler JAP NOT TO CLOSE BOMB INCIDENT Welles Says Tokios Quick Expression of Regret Insufficient WASHINGTON Sunnier Welles acting secretary of state said Thursday Japanese apolo gies for the bombing of the U S gunboat Tutuila in China were insufficient to close the incident This government he s a i d awaits a more complete reply from Japan to the American rep resentations made here and in Tokio Welles said that ly upon being informed of the incident at Chungking Wed nesday morning a representa tive of the Japanese goiern ment called at the embassy in Tokio and expressed deep re srets This was done he said before Ambassador Joseph C Grew was able to carry out instruction to make representations Welles disclosed that he had made identical representations here in a conference Wednesday morning with the Japanese am bassador Admiral Kichisaburo Nomura Detailing to his press confer ence further Japanese moves in connection with the incident Welles said govern ment made a fnrther preliminary reply after had carried out Leningrad Is Vital in Russ North Defense Loss Could Mean Turning of Stalin Line By DeWITT MACKENZIE Foreign News Analyst Leningrad is about to fall compels outattention the cxals is the soviet defensive ceiftcf be i ofethetsra1linUdefenseseale immediate the vssfesi syMS will mean if the Hitlerites and their Finnish allies do get posses lat lnis would ford Until amore complete reply is received Welles said he could make no further comment JAPANESE QUICKLY OFFER APOLOGIES TOKIO Japanese gov ernment took the inialivc Thurs day and quickly apologized and expressed regret to U S Ambas sador Joseph C Grew for the bombing of the United States gun boat Tutuila at Chungking China Before Grew left his office Thursday morning Vice Foreign Minister Kumaicni Yamamoto called at the embassy and re quested permission for Foreign Minister Admiral Tcijiro Toyoda to call The visit was cancelled at the last minute however and it was requested that Grew call instead at the foreign office There the foreign minister expressed Ihe governments regret The Japanese initiative oc curred before Ambassador Grew was able to act on Washingtons instructions to make represen tations against he bombing which occurred Wednesday Meanwhile the navy ministers chief aide visited the American SmithHutton to express Ycerets He was assured that the inese armed forces everywhere had been instructed to take Ihu utmost care that American prop erty not be damaged The American ambassador also protested on three separate oc casions Thursday to the loreign office against telephone and cable censorship under which informa tion on Ihe Tutuila incident wa rPt leavinS tnc country un Grews meeting with MACKENZIE i0 sion of this great industrial city of 3200000 inhab itants Here are some vital points for con sideration Leningrad is Russias sole remaining port on the Baltic It is the bridge head for a net worl of rail roads which extend into the country in all directions Capture of Leningrad would cut the soviet union off from its naval forces in the Baltic altogether leaving this homeless and wander ing navy to the mercy ot German menofwar and bombers Not only does Leningrad give Russia her allimportant access to the Baltic but it is one of the greatest industrial centers of the soviet Here among many other products are manufactured mu nitions of war machinery of all sorts chemicals and rubber Bu apart from what Leningrad means in itself its capture would at once produce the menace of a GermanFinnish turning move ment against the Stalin line which has its right flank anchored on the port of Leningrad This menace would be multiplied if tlie nazis it the same finie pressed their assault on the center ot the Stalin line in the Smolensk area Now of course we dont know what the plans or the Russian command are to meet such a situ ation It would be a seven days wonder however if the reds hadnt worked out a very definite line of strategy Having foreseen ivar wilh Germany they have for years been preparing for just such an emergency We have seen the effects of that preparation in Uie great resistance they have made thus far We shall Ret a further view of prospects as the battle of Leningrad develops So far as concerns Ihe defense of the city proper it is supposed by foreign military circles lo be a giant fortress but naturally de tails are lacking Certainly it is no secret that it is defended on Ihe Baltic side by the great naval base of Kronslndl which is heavily fortified The land side of the metropolis is understood to be uarded by strategically placed fortifications and artillery Apart from this the entire manpower of the cily has been trained for eventualities and the forces of the regular army and air fleet there must be verv strong J All this being so one would expect the bolshevists lo make such a fierce defense as to pro actual handtohand fight sidcrable and rapid i very con withdrawal of the red forces from the right wing of the Stalin line Theres no use trying to work this thing out without maps but it you please will glance at them for a moment you will see that such a withdrawal could hardly be lo cal that is confined to the Len ingrad sector The bolshevists pull hack to the line of the Volkhov river which empties into Lake Ladoga some 75 miles east of Leningrad Tor the pur pose of keeping the front straight the bolshevists might retire lo the line of the Volk hov clear down through Nov gorod to the Pskov sector Upon which Ihe movement would pivot In oilier words the reds would swing the entire northern end of their line bad like a door which was hinged near Pskov Such a maneuver would be con tingent upon the Muscovites being able at the same time to hold the center of the Stalin line at Smolensk where the nazis are attacking with such weight It 13 to be expected that the Germans will intensify their attack here as they drive against Leningrad A break through in the center would force withdrawal not only major of the red tight but a portion of the 1100 mile front with another stand along the net work formed by the Volga and oilier rivers Mason City Has First Heat Prostration Victim Is Improving Miss Delia Nichols 20 collapsed from heat prostration about two blocks west of her home 409A Fourth street southwest duriri the noon hour Thursday She was taken to her home Her condition was reported to be improving Thursday afternoon This was the first reported heal prostration in Mason City this year Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Partly cloudy Thursday night and Friday Slightly warmer Friday High est temperature about 92 IOWA Partly cloudy Thursday night slightly warmer Friday MINNESOTA Partly Thursday night ind Friday slightly warmer Friday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather Maximum Wednesday 8f Minimum Wednesday night 65 At R a m Thursday 7R YEAR AGO Counter Attack London Is Told By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Adolf Hitlers invasion armies may expect a vast counteroffen sive by 3000000 red army troops within two weeks soviet militarv quarters in Londonpredicted Thursday London sources said red army violent shock of the German blitz krieg were now being strength ened by hundreds of thousands of reservists for the predicted coun terdrive These sources declared that Premier Joseph Stalin would give the signal for the big push im mediately he was satisfied that the German armies had spent their reserve strength in attempts to batter their way through the central front to Moscow Soviet dispatches asseited lhat the Germans were being held to a standstill and were exhausting themselves in futile assaults on soviet defenses By contrast Berlin pictured the Russians as cracking along the entire front and indicated lhat nazi forces may soon have Lenin trad under siege THRUSTS DEEP IN UKRAINE ARE ALSO REPORTED Russia Reports Planes Trying to Attack Leningrad Turned Back BERLIN inform ants intimated lhit the fall of Len ingrad was near Thursday and thn high command claimed fur Iher encirclement of soviet forces east of Smolensk and unremittine pursuit of the beaten enemy on the Ukraine front Some quarters had expected the high command to make an exten sive report on operations on the Leningrad front where informants claimed remnants of seven Russian divisions had been encircled and destroyed However the high commands only statement on operations in sector was that German HEAVY GERMAN LOSSES CITED Nye Uses Russian Campaign as Argument Against Extending Draft WASHINGTON heavy German losses in the Rus sian campaign were cited Thurs day in an argument against pend ing legislation for Ihe retention of selectees national guardsmen and reserves in the army longer than the present oneyear service Senator Nye RN Dakj an opponent of the bill raised this point as the senate opened its sec ond day of debate He told reporters there was i reason tn doubt that todays Oerman army was cilhcr as large or as efficient as before it entered he Russian cam paign He said he had received unofficial reports that he Ger mans were calling heavily on their reserves It followed he argued that the nazis offered a less powerful threat lo American security than any they could have presented a year ago when congress voted conscription and decreed that se leclees should be released after ai years service The administration says it Nye said As n mailer of fact Ihe emergency is much less acute than it was because o the degree lo which some of these military forces have been decimated One other senator who asked lo remain anonymous asserted that official sources in this country had received reliable estimates that the Germans had lost 800000 killed and wounded Urns far in the Russian cam paign The injccliori of losses inlo Ihe debate apparently was also designed to counter the statements of Senator Thomas DUtah nn the formidable character of Mil lers military machine Thomas sponsor of the service extension legislation told the ate Wednesday that Germany had expanded her crack armed forces from 54 divisions at the outset of this forces had thrown back Russian tronpsin Estonia This was the first mention in more than two weeks of fighting in Estonia where German sources had claimed soviet resistance to be virtually wiped out except for small encircled detachments or troops and guerrilla The high command said Ger man troops in the Ukraine hail Ihrusl deep into the Kussian lines of retreat apparenlljin licaling movcmenls of panzer divisions in advance of Hie main bodies of troops To Hie cast of Smolensk said Ihe high command encircled Rus sian forces were further com pressed The luftwaffe was said to have bombarded military objectives jn Moscow during the night and at tacked the railroad Orel 9rel is an important junction point on the Oka river about 2 miles southwest of Moscow The Germans took of prisoners informants said anrl captured 50 field guns anti tank guns seven antiaircraft bai teries machine guns 72 molnr trucks and several tanks Informants refused to specify the sector but said il might br assumed that he engagement took place iti he nciRhhorhooil of Leningrad German troops had been pav ing the way for the encirclement for several days il was said and completed it Wednesday front it was asserted German forces continued to overrun Russian field fortifications and advance eastward Expressing confidence that Leningrad would fall soon Ger mans intimated that if the Rus sians insisted on defending it in a finish fight it faced utter de struction Rumors had circulated for days that a German tank spearhead had pushed near Leningrad Thursday informants said that it was threatened imminently by a new Ihrusl from the south Il was indicated that strong German forces iad driven cast of Lake Hmen 120 miles south of Lenin grad against strong resistance while another force attacked from the Lake Peipus area to the southwest of Leningrad Informants said it was not clear whether the Russian forces faced the f encirclement They sian cities and the fourth larg est in all continental Europe Leningrad has a population of 3 200000 and industries that are vital to Russias defense Peter the Great founded the city at the beginning of the eight eenth century and called it after himself St Petersburg He to give Russia a capital that would compare with cities of western Europe The name of he cily wa changed lo Petrograd early in the World war and to Leningrad after the revolution in 1916 Leningrad had a popu lation of 2400000 but by 1920 the figure had shrunk to less than 725000 as a result of the revolu tion and removal of the capital to Moscow Since soviet industriali zation the city has made steady population gains Built on low land on the delta soviet educaton The farthest destruclivc vi ucic added when the LeningradMurmansk rSilrrod the west ;