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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 30, 1948, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS VOL IJV Press and United Prexi Lease Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JULY 30 1948 This Paper Consist of Two One No 252 Approve Sex Education in Schools Sex education should be taught In our public schools say nearly 3 of every 4 voters in a cross section of lowans recently interviewed by the IOWA PUB LIC OPINION PANEL Oppo sition is e x pressed by only 1 of every 5 and the rest have no opinions In spite of the traditional taboo or hush hush at titude frequently associated with discussion of the subject IPO Panel members freely expressed their views to interviewers and most of them had definite or pos itive opinions The argument most often given by those who favor teaching the subject in the schools is that So many children are not getting any instruction at home A few say Sex education should be started in the home but should also be given in the schools Those opposed to such instruction in the schools are in clined to think It should be the duty of parents in the homes not the schools but the objection is also made that not many teach ers are qualified to teach the sub ject RURAL AREAS MORE FAVORABLE TO SEX INSTRUCTION It is interesting that residents of cities are less favorable to sex in struction in the schools than persons living in the small towns and on farms Younger people are the most favorable to such instruction It is approved by 2 to 1 even among the oldest group but by a 7 to 1 ratio among persons aged 31 to 40 the most likely to have chil dren of school age Women are more inclined than men to favor sex instruction in the schools and it has slightly more support among lower than among upper income people 7TH AND 8TH GRADES BELIEVED BEST LEVEL TO START EDUCATION The 74 per cent who favor sex education in the schools were sskedfor opinions about the prop er grade in school to begin this instruction In reply 31 say 7th or 8th grades 28 say 9th or 10th 22 say 5th or 6th 7 say 3rd or 4th 6 say 2nd grade or earlier 2 say llth or 12th grades The rest only 4 per cent are undecided about what grade in school would be best PREFER SEPARATE INSTRUCTION BOYS AND GIRLS Separate classes for boys and girls are preferred by 2 in every 3 of those who favor sex education in the schools mixed classes by only 1 in every 4 and the rest are undecided Opin ions on this point seem to depend however on opinions about the school grade at which this instruc tion should be started Mixed classes are more favored for younger children separate classes for older ones Those who would start such education by the 2nd grade are evenly divided between preference for mixed or separate classes of boys and girls Among those who believe sex instruction should be at a high school level however the preference is more than 4 to 1 for separate rather than mixed classes The relationship between these 2 sets of sex in struction should be started and whether in mixed or separate classes of boys and as fol lows Sepa rate Mixed All who favor sex education in schools 65 24 Starting instruction in r i President Demands New Inflation Laws AP Wlrephoto IN TORNADO yard of the Floyd Stainbrook farm at Blairstown is shown strewn with debris from wrecked farm buildings destroyed in the tornado which struck several farms near Blairstown Thursday night 1 Planks Keep Demos Busy Liquor Sale by Drink Considered Des Moines demo crats were asked Friday by some delegates to their state convention to consider platform planks sup porting legislation to revamp the county assessor law and to legalize sale of liquor by the drink A resolution favoring drinks over the bar was adopted by the 6th district congressional caucus and in the 2nd district Philip L Shutt of Independence party nom inee for secretary of state who favors the proposal was named to the resolutions committee The party platform was to be drafted later Friday by the reso lutions committee named at the district caucuses which also se lected a new state central commit tee with only 2 changes and named presidential electors Hits Law A democratic assault on the re publicansponsored county asses sor law adopted in 1947 came from former Congressman O t h a D Wearin of Hastings the conven tion keynote speaker Wearin opposed lifetime ap pointments for the new county as sessors and declared that the law as written had turned the tax gestapo at large in the state of Iowa 6th District The 6th district adopted reso lutions asking for a state consti tutional convention in 1950 favor ing reorganization of the state government on a cabinet basis and advocating a nonpartisan judi ciary The democratic candidate for governor Carroll O Switzer Polk county attorney told the conven tion that he proposed to spear had a drive for honesty in gov ernment Tornadoes Leave Wreckage in 2 Eastern Iowa Areas By The Associated Press Tornadoes through 2 f areas of eastern Iowa Thursday night leaving one woman injured and considerable property damage The injured woman was Mrs Louis Sauser farm wife living be ween Worthington and Cascade She was hit by flying glass when he storm tore the house from the oundation Telephones Out Telephone lines went out of commission between Cascade and Dyersville At the Frank Scha meUer farm the wind took the roof off the barn destroyed outbuild ngs and blew the garage across the highway A barn was burned on the Lawrence Knepper farm when it was struck by lightning A tornado struck 4 farms 20 miles west of Cedar Rapids Go to Scene Highway patrolmen in the Cedar Rapids area were ordered to the tornado scene west of there when an early report indicated some persons were in need of help However no one was reported injured or killed The twister destroyed about 70 acres of corn on the William Wright and Peck brothers farms directly opposite each other along highway 30 Outbuildings were wrecked on the 2 farms and some of the buildings and trees were strewn across the highway blocking traf fic Miss Breckinridge Dies of Heart Attack Chicago Sophonisba P Breckinridge 82 one of the na tions pioneer social workers and noted educator died Friday in her home of a heart attack Miss Breckinridge professor emeritus in public welfare admin istration at the University of Chi cago had been in ill health for the ast 5 months Low Traffic Death Rate Being Set Chicago and ped estrians are setting the nations lowest traffic death rate the na tional safety council said Friday In the 1st 6 months of the year the council said traffic deaths were 560 under the total for the same period isst ycsr The decrease in deaths 4 per cent came despite an 8 per cent increase in mileage the council said For the 1st 5 months of the year thetraffic rate was 72 deaths for each 10000000 travel miles the lowest ever recorded in America GOP Judge Criticizes U S Court Des Moines the current and recent judicial phil osophies of our U S supreme court is an uncertain and danger ous course District Judge Fred M Hudson of Pocahontas said Fri day in a keynote address to the Iowa republican judicial conven tion Judge Hudson cited several deci sions of the present U S high court which he said were based on no statute at all For judges to rest their inter pretation of statutes on nothing but their own conceptions of mor als and ethics1 is to say the least dangerous business he added Judge Hudsons prepared address was delivered in his capacity as temporary chairman of the con vention which met to nominate justices for the state supreme court Judge Hudson opened his talk with a brief review of the his tory of the U S supreme court and its constitutional background The convention unanimously re nominated for the Iowa supreme court incumbent Justices Halleck J Mantz of Audubon John E Mulroney oC Fort Dodge and W A Smith of Dubuque All are run ning for their 2nd 6 year terms Tennessee Senator Now on Floor Dixie Talkfest Against Poll Tax Action Unhampered Washington demo crats resumed their talkfest in the senate Friday against the bill to outlaw poll taxes Republicans sat silently on the sidelines Senator Stewart who hold the floor when the senate quit Thursday resumed Friday after 51 senators answered to a rollcall This 2 more than the 49 necessary for a quorum Pending is a motion by Senator Wherry acting major ity leader to take up the poll tax bill one of the civil rights meas ures asked by President Truman Wherry announced that at the end of Fridays session he will ask a recess until Monday Stewart twice asked unanimous consent to yield the floor for an nouncements by other senators without losing his right to con tinue speaking Any senator could Communists Intend to Stay in Berlin City Government 2nd grade or earlier 3rd and 4th grades 5th and 6th 7th and 8th High school 43 43 68 28 62 30 70 23 68 16 The proportions not shown above ranging from 4 per cent to 16 per cent are undecided in pref erence for mixed or separate in atruction Dr Sterling Barber on Resolutions Committee Dr Sterling Barber of Mason City chairman of the Cerro Gordo county democratic central com mittee was named as the 3rd dis trict member of the resolutions committee at the state democratic convention in Des Moines Friday The selection was made at the 3rd district caucus which elected Iver Christoffersen Cedar Falls cen tral committeeman Mrs Laona Busching Nashua central com mitteewoman and Mrs Esther Steimel Buckingham presidential elector The 6th another North Iowa district named C B Murtagh Ai gona central committeeman Mrs Mary Dalton Cole Fort Dodge central committeewoman A B Webster City resolu tions committee and Francis J Kennedy Estherville presidential elector ADVICE TO VETS Des Moines Iowa Veterans Administration Friday advised veterans who plan to attend a school or training facility under the GI Bill in some other state to make arrangements with he VA regional office in Des Vdoines to have their records transferred to the agencys region al office in the state where they plan to attend Jews Demand Territory for Victories Tel Aviv Israel Israel de manded Friday new territories in Palestine perhaps including Je rusalem as a result of Jewish victories over Arab armies Foreign Minister Moshe Shertok served notice of the Pewish de mands Thursday in an address be fore the Israeli state council Shertok said Isrnel plans im mediate steps to place Jerusalem under Jewish sovereignty Israel have blocked this but no one did The rebellious southerners had no opposition even from their own party regulars as they plodded through legal arguments that con gress lacks the constitutional right to regulate state election laws The republicans will come out swinging next week But all they expect to prove one GOP leader said is this That President Tru man was wrong when he said the republicans could force any civil rights bill through congress by breaking a filibuster with clo limit on debate Gives Preview This leader who asked not to be named gave this preview of the republican strategy They will let the southerners talk until next week Then a clo ture petition will be brought in to shut off the debate on the motion before the bring up the antipoll tax bill for a vote Truman Dewey to Break Long Standing Precedent New York Tru man and Gov Thomas B Dewey will set a precedent Saturday vhen they speak from the same rostrum It will mark the first time in modern American history accord ing to available records that op posing presidential candidates of the 2 major parties appear to gether at a public function and speak from the same platform They are to speak at the dedica tion oC New Yorks international airport Berlin spokesman for the communist faction of the Ber lin city assembly asserted Friday that communists would continue to participate in the citys govern ment despite their walkout during a stormy meeting Thursday Karl Litke leader of the com munist faction was quoted by the soviet news agency Adn as saying that there was no truth to reports the communist walkout was final Communists will continue to take part in the assembly Litke said Might Move Western observers speculated after the 30man communist bloc stalked out during a story debate Thursday that the assemblys non communist leaders might take ad vantage of the walkout to move the city hall into one of the west ern sectors Police headquarters under the new anticommunist police chief Johannes Stumm moved into the western sector Wednesday night to escape the coercion of Russian troops and sovietcontrolled Ger man police 4 Hour Debate The communist walkout came after 4 hours of debate on the Berlin police situation and on the discomforts caused by the soviet blockade of the western sectors Shortly after the walkout the assembly approved a resolution condemning the soviet blockade as a crime against humanity and demanding that it be removed Truman Will Win Election Des Moines A OConnor of Dubuque permanent chairman of the democratic state convention predicted before the party gathering here Friday that Man Models Suits Gets Award Boston State Rep Jacinto F Diniz DNew Bedford staged a oneman fashion show in municipal court Friday and won a award Diniz modeled 2 suits he said he purchased from the Richard Clothing company of Boston for the purpose of attending the democratic convention They fit ted so badly he contended he could not appear in the new rai ment Chief Justice Davis B Kennis ton agreed they did not do justica to his figure directed the legis lator to return the suits and the company to refund his Smith Finds Mobtov Gone on Vacation Moscow U S embas sy was informed Friday that For Previous low was 82 in the 1st 5 he added has rejected Count President Truman November Harry Truman will win in has rendered eign Minister V M Molotov is out of town The embassy had called the for eign office for an appointment with Molotov for Ambassador Walter Bedell Smith who re turned to the soviet capital Thurs day from consultations in Berlin and London on the situation in Germany The foreign office told the em bassy that a deputy foreign min ister Valerian A Zorin was on duty The western powers seek to talk with Molotov on the German crisis The Britishlicensed Ger man press service said Molotov is absent from Moscow on a vaca tion of undetermined duration Bitter Words Hurled Back From Senate Snyder Urges Increase in Reserves Required for Reserve Banks Washington resident Truman fired a new demand for antiinflation laws at congress Friday saying they are needed to forestall business collapse He told the republican legislators there has been blind disregard for the danger Bitter words flew back at him Senator Taft ROhio told the senate Mr Truman doesnt want to stop inflation and that it is difficult to believe he will use any new powers voted him by congress Senator Barkley of Kentucky the democratic vice presidential nominee jumped up at that He accused Taft of making a politi cal speech and demanded to enow what powers Mr Truman aas and is not using Political Speeches Taft reported that the persident has been making political speech es to congress He said Mr Tru man could influence the federal board to tighten bank conspicuous service to our coun try and Im telling you he is headed for 4 more years in the white house he said OConnor who formerly was U S attorney for the northern dis trict of Iowa compared party rec ords of the last 64 years during which he said the republicans were in power 32 years and the democrats 32 years OConnor said that Carroll O Switzer Polk county attorney and democratic candidate for gover nor has been rooting our grafters and crooks who are a shame to representative government He said these were dark and ominous days when former Sen Guy M Gillette should be re turned to the senate on the demo cratic ticket months of 1947 The council said travel figures are not available for June but it believed that mileage kept going up and the new low death rate was maintained A total of 13690 persons met death on the highways through June No traffic fatalities were re ported by 121 cities during the 1st 6 months The 3 largest were in Massachusetts Lawrence Quin cy and Newton Some Time Before Deferment on Draft to Be Worked Out Folke Bernadottes plan to demili tarize the Holy City because it provided for eventual Arab rule Earlier a cabinet source said the Israel government has told the U N mediator that it will discuss the demilitarization plan further if he publicly renounces his orig inal plan to put the city under Arab rule Hoover Made Member of Historical Society Iowa City Presi lent Herbert Hoover and his 2 ons Allan and Herbert Jr have Deen elected to membership in he state historical society of Iowa A birthday celebration for Hoover will be held at his birth Washington vice officials said Friday it may be some time yet before a sys tem of deferments can be worked out for the nations new peacetime draft registrants The law specifically exempts certain men from the draft But selective service must decide the basis for deferments of other reg istrants such as married men and those with dependents Youths 18 through 25 must reg ister for the draft but only those 19 through 25 may be inducted for 21 months service The over whelming majority of draftees will come from the ranks of men 19 through 21 Husbands Exempt Men who are now married are not expected to be drafted But selective service must decide what to do about draftage youths who marry or become lathers in the future During World war II de pendency deferments were not given out unless the marriage or birth took place before a certain date Officials said they did not know whether the same pattern will be followed under the new peace time draft because the deferment system this time will be more liberal There also is sure to be strong pressure from certain rural labor shortage areas for a very lenient policy for farm youths During the war this was a cause of al most constant friction between congress and selective service Some Deferred It has been announced that there will be deferments for some key industrial and government workers The new regulations will have to define such jobs The draft law grants automatic deferments to clergymen theolog ical students 19 year old high school students and most veterans Selective Service Director Lew is B Hershey has estimated that because of physical disabilities nnd deferments not more than 70000 men will be available from the ranks of men 22 through 25 Accident Injuries Fatal to Waterloo Pedestrian Waterloo Alvin Wil liams 51 Waterloo who was crit ically injured Wednesday night after he was struck by a taxicab as he walked on highway 20 about 3 miles west of Cedar Falls died Friday morning in a Cedar Falls hospital He suffered a fractured skull and double compound fracture of both legs in the accident and never regained consciousness DIES IN CAR WRECK Bayard Bowers about 60 of Coon Rapids was killed when his car went out of control on highway 141 near here Thursday and overturned He was alone in the car SAME flar no pail 24 Gold Bar Taken During Shipment London Yard in vestigated Friday the disappear ance of a bar of gold worth from a shipment enroute from Frankfurt Germany to the Bank of England A PanAmerican Clipper trans ported the gold to London and when police escorted the shipmenl place in West Branch Iowa on I to the bank it was discovered Says Congress May Quit by Next Weekend i Washington Senator Taft ROhio told the senate Friday hat congress may quit at the end of next week if the antipoll tax bill can be disposed of by Wednes day Adjournment of congress by the end of next week would doom most of Mr Trumans legislative program When Taft spoke out Senator Barkley DKy and Senator Lucas DI11 both wanted to know whether Dewey the GOP standard bearer had been con sulted on the prospective adjourn Aug 10 that one box had been opened reserve credit could curb some exports and could cut government spend ing Tafts outburst was touched off by Mr Trumans new call for legislation made in the form of an economic report The report reached the capitol while 2 Truman aides were on the hill battling personally for the presidents program Snyder Testifies Secretary of the Treasury Sny der appearing before the senate banking committee urged A government power to control in stallment buying and B author ity for the federal reserve board to increase required bank re serves The idea back of increased reserves is that it would tie up money that banks might otherwise lend to people whose spending would increase inflationary pres sures Paul Porter former OPA ad ministrator carried the adminis tration fight to the house banking committee He was urging power to put back price controls and ration short commodities mentdate I have no information Taft replied But he told the senate he hopes to get some kind of agreement to vote on the poll tax bill by Mon day Failing that he said the GOP leadership will use every possible means to bring action by Wednes day Oxford University in England is a federation of 21 colleges each with its own government and teaching staff Morrell Contract Issue Goes to Higher Officers Ottumwa Ed Filliman chief steward of local No 1 Unit ed Packinghouse Workers of America CIO said Thursday night the local has turned over to inter national union officers the prob lem of contract negotiations with John Morrell and company The union contract expires Aug 11 Earlier negotiations between company and union had been broken off by the union Filliman said company proposals affecting seniority grievance procedure and separate contracts with Ottumwa and Topeka locals arc not accept able to the local AP Wlrepholo STASSENS members of the University of Pennsylvania board of trustees read Harold E Stassens telegram accepting the presidency of the university Thursday From left to right they are Owen J Roberts Robert T McCracken chair man of the board and George Wharten Pepper Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Clear and cool Fri day night Sunny and pleasant Saturday Low Friday night to 52 High Saturday 80 Iowa Fair and cooler Friday night Saturday fair with mod erate temperatures Low Friday night 55 northwest to 60 south east Iowa 5 Day Outlook Temperatures will average near normal Nor mal maximum 85 north 88 south Normal minimum ranges from 61 north to 64 south Cooler Monday and warmer again by Wednesday Precipitation will average near 4 inch Showers beginning in west portion Satur day afternoon or night and spreading eastxvard Sunday Scattered showers again about Wednesday Minnesota Generally fair and cool Friday night with diminish ing winds Saturday generally fair and somewhat warmer IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Friday morning Maximum 82 Minimum 56 At 8 a m Friday 68 Precipitation 04 YEAR AGO Maximum 93 Minimum 69 ;