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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 30, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILYPAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT WAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Pless and United Press Full Leased Wir MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY 4 US TRUCK CONVOY OF AMERICANS BEATS OFF 300 Some Chinese Found Wearing Uniforms of Chinas Communists Peipinjf hundred Chinese some wearing the bluish green uniforms of communists killed at least 4 U S marines and wounded 19 others with automatic weapons rifles and grenades dur ing a violent 4 hour attack Mon day on a truck convoy of 100 leathernecks eyewitnesses related Tuesday A search is being made for other marines believed to be still missing The attackers lying in ambush in cornfields 35 miles southeast of Peiping would have wiped out the convoy had the marines not elected to jump back in the trucks and roar away under fire the wit nesses said In Nanking Chou EnLai chief communist negotiator in ef forts to settle Chinas fratricidal strife expressed belief that the clash resulted from marine prov ocation of communist forces dur ing the past 3 weeks and added that communists have absolutely no intention of unleashing a con flict He said communists have been provoked by marine intrusions into their areas Maj Fred J Frees of Sioux Falls S Dak who was with the convoy of replacements bound for Peiping from Tientsin said the eruptca like an explo sion threweverythingat us during theTfusthauror attack1 except the kitchen sink chimed m Sgt James West of Cincin nati Frees and West both army men were convoy passengers Major Frees a special service officer for Peiping headquarters told the Associated Press If the marines had not reacted as efficiently and swiftly as they did the convoy would have been taken in the first rash He declined to identify the at tackers as communists but said he saw 2 dead Chinese on the road who wore bluish green uniforms the color of those worn by com munists Some of the attackers were in uniform others in farmer clothing and some wore only shorts We could see them running through the corn rows and they looked like Indians on the war path Frees said We had been told by the ma rines we were in a danger area When we heard shooting we leaped from our vehicle and dove into the fields Three or 4 hand grenades ex ploded less than 20 feet from us We scrambled info a depression in the sand and all the time we were there bullets plowed into the bank or whistled over our heads Firing from both sides was heaviest during the firsthour Aft er a few minutes fighting the ma rine defenders drove off assaults and the attackers never again ap proached within hand grenade range although the Chinese several times attempted to close in There is no doubt the attackers were really out to get the convoy Frees said to Shoot Rocket to Moon Within 18 Months WacVlirtofnn A Washington UR Army air force guided missile experts said Tuesday they expected to be able to shoot a rocket to the moon within 18 months Interplanetary travel hey said probable within 30 years Maj P C Calhoun head of the AAF guided missile branch said he expected to travel to the moon and back within my lifetime He said the army did not plan to send a rocket to the moon until it could be certain that it would land safely He said the rocket would be equipped with automatic devices to send radar signals back to earth giving information about conditions there Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and continued moderately warm Tuesday night and Wednesday Iowa Generally fair Tuesday night and Wednesday Little change in temperatures Minnesota Generally fair Tues day night and Wednesday Little change in temperature Iowa 5day Weather Outlook The temperature will average about 7 degrees above normal The state normalis 75 Warmer Wednesday slightly cooler Thursday with slowly rising trend Friday and Saturday Precipitation will average light occurring as scattered light showers Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis ticsfor 24 hour period ending at 8 o clock Tuesday morning Maximum 88 Minimum At 8 a m Tuesday Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum 79 Minimum 65 59 70 160 Eye Decontrol on Bread and Bakery Goods Washington may de cide Tuesdaywhether to eliminate price controls on all bread and bakery products an official dis closed A request of the bakingindus try for a 1 cent a loaf increase in bread prices and a 25 per cent boost in biscuit and cracker prices the jssuc saia ths official ivho asked anonymity Under the new OPA revival law prices are not controlled on wheat irom which most bread is made A meeting of top OPA officials ncluding Geoffrey Baker deputy administrator for prices and pos sibly Administrator Paul A Por ter was set for late Tuesday after noon to decide whether any ef fective controls on bread arid other bakery products can be maintained The bread price problem came da afterOFA author zed pri ce increas es on m ens Tf similar clothing If the OPA decides to continue he bread price ceilings informed officials forecast that at least part of the baking industry demand vould be granted This would be ustified they said because of the ermmation of federal flour sub idics and recent sugar price in creases which have pushed up bakers costs In addition to the bread and bis cuit increases the industry has asked a 15 to 25 per cent rise on cookies doughnuts and similar weetenea products Bread prices were increased 1 cent a loaf last month for all types except rye which was raised 2 cents a loaf in April In the clothing field OPA granted a general 11 per cent re tail price increase for mens shirts shorts and pajamas It also has authorized an addi tional 10 per cent increase for men s and boys dress shirts and boys low priced sports shirts in cases where this does not raise The baTenri Monday night said mums are about on mens shirts 5104 on one type of boys shirts and on another CONFEREElFOR BOND PAYMENTS Calhoun said the AAF was con centrating on the development of guided missiles to protect the United States against attack But he reasoned that the air forces would be better equipped than any other agency to prenare for travel between planets Science will admit now that a man has no limit except his im agination Calhoun said This means that it may take some time but if man can think of it he can achieve it Calhoun said it was hard to con vince the public that it was on the verge of interplanetary explora tion for the same reason that men Moffed at Fultons steamboat and 20000 leagues under the sea Jules Vernes prediction of the subma rine He said the immediate problem was to produce the best guided missiles possible in order to pro tect the nation This requires ex plorationsabove the earth to test materials and discover conditions encountered We may harness cosmic rays for propulsion of space ships Calhoun said Interplanetary travel is not as immense a prob lem as it may appear to the unin itiated There is little resistance to a moving body outside the earths atmosphere and speeds of thou Atomic Bomb Toll Reaches 5 as Battleship Nagato Sinks Salt Lake City and Pensacola list ing and not be lieved mortally sinking of the Nagato enhanced the re spect with which all aboard the flagship U S Mt McKinley look on the atomic bomb Any other bomb ever invented which exploded as far from the Nagato as did the Baker day weapon would have been called a miss and would not have done more than rattle the crockery aboard In addition to the capital ships Nagato Arkansas and Saratoga the list of Baker day targets sunk includes the concrete oil barge 160 and tSM landine shin me 60 from which was suspended Missing and assumed sunk were the submarines Pilotfish Apogon and Skipjack One target previously reported landing craft 1114is drifting bottomside up Beached on Enyus Dead Mens Row to prevent sinking are the destroyer Hughes the transport Fallen and the submarine Den tuda thc tonnase ihe 5 andNew and the cruisers Terminal Leave Action Due in Both Houses House and senate conferees reached agree ment Tuesday on a Gl terminal leave pay bill providing for the use of bonds to settle the bulk of veterans claims Action in both houses later Tuesday was fore The compromise calls for pay most of thc 52400000000 leave pay in non negotiable 5year bonds These however would be accepted im mediately for the conversion of war risk insurance to permanent policies under the National Serv ice Life Insurance plan and for the payment of premiums under that plan The senate is due to act first on the measure The conferees made one other major change by stipulating that a SeP1 1946 no more than BO days leave could be accumu lated The senate had voted up to 00 days For service since Sept 8 1939 a maximum of 120 days would be allowed up to next Sept I The veterans would receive 2 days pay leave for each month of active duty since Sept 8 1939 with a maximum of 120 days Amounts under would be paid in cash The bonds would be issued in multiples of and any breakage over a unit would also be paid in cash The bonds would bear interest VFW NAME OLMSTED Des Molnes S McVitty Council Bluffs commander of the Iowa Veterans of Foreign Wars has announced the appointment of George Olmsted Des Moines un successful candidate for the re publican gubernatorial nomination as legislative chairman for the Iowa VFW Olmsted was briga dier general in World war II Manila hemp actually is not true hemp and i CATTLE PRICES REACH NEW HIGH Several Load of Prime Steers Sold at Chicago prices hit an all time U S high at the Chi cago stockyards Tuesday when several loads of choice to prime steers sold for This was 50 cents over the all 13 S record set in Lancaster July IS and equalled licfe Monday The hew record price was paid for several loads of ton steers weighing1175 to 1343 pounds The bulk of cattle receipts how ever were lowerpriced grass fed steers which had an early range of to at Chicago Choice hogs sold at Chicago for the highest price since 1910 and only less than the record set that year sands of miles an hour with small amounts of power are possible in the partial vacuum of outer space He said the only limits to travel outside the earths atmosphere were the amount of fuel needed to propel the space ship Within 5 years the AAF expects to have a rocket carry men outside the earths atmosphere and return safely Calhoun said the plan is to guide these rockets by remote con trol to their objectives They would carry instruments includ ing television to send back infor mation Human exploration would follow Hogs sold at higher prices most midwestern stockyards at ocyars department of agriculture agent said the upward trend might con tinue because hog receipts gen erally are dropping off Repair Telephone Lines Lyle H Hanify of Toledo Iowa is here with his crew to rebuild rural telephone lines and make repairs Material and labor have been contributing factors in delaying work in the Reveals Check For Obtaining War Contract Washington Tacoma Wash contractor testified Tues day that the check he sent to the secretary of Rep John M Coffee D Wash was payment for help in getting him a govern ment contract and Coffee campaign contribu tion Thc contractor Eivind Ander son told the senate war investi gatingcommittee that Coffee told him in April of 1941 that lie would lake care of your interests here in Washington if Anderson gave Coffees secretary the 52500 check Anderson was asked if there had been any mention of campaign expenses during discussion of the check There was no conversation about campaign expenses Andcr was nevErmen Uoned Anderson who finally won a government contract for a 000 hospital said he later listed the as a contract expense incurred for representation in Washington but that it was not permitted on grounds it was not a proper deductible item Sen Homer Ferguson R Mich asked Anderson if Coffee got the money The check was made out to Paul Olson Coffees secre tary in He Coffee was gratified Anderson replied but who got the money I dont know still Anderson said he sent the check to Olson following a conversation m a long narrow corridor on the house side of the capitol build ing The Veterans Administrations hospital construction plan will require 70000 man years of onthejob labor by building tradesmen 6iuwn 111 me immediate vicinity of Manila WILL SUPPORT PROPOSALS TO BIG 4 POWERS Molotov Joins Byrnes in Advocating Press Freedom at Conference Paris of State jTames F Byrnes pledged the United States Tuesday never again to retire into a shell of isolation ism and with British support promised full consideration of the views the little countries Byrnes headed the parade of thc chiefs of the 21 delegations here for the European peace confer ence He said the United States would work for big4 approval of any conference recommendations approved by twothirds of the na tions represented here The 2nd session of the peace conference opened at p m a m CST and was ad journed at 4 p m 11 a m The next plenary session wilt open at 2 p m 9 a m CST Wednes day Prime Minister ClementR Att lee of Great Britain addressed the PROBLEMS ON PEACE CONFERENCE ntorial changes on the agenda of the Paris peace confer cnro include 1 Russias claim on Finland in the Petsamo W claim on Italy 3 solution of the biss irs a Russa and 6 assignment of the fomely Sn San8colonies to GleeCe Shaed arBS in are William Heirens Refuses to Talk About 3 Murder Cases case at about noon A little more than 2 hours later States Attorney William Tuohy said that the youth had refused o talk Tuohy said that a statement was icing taken and that notes were Jeinjr made when Heirens began reiterating I dont remember to all auestions His counsel John and Malachy Coghlan Roland Towle and Alyin Hansen asked that Heirens father and mother be brought in The parents George and Mar garet Heirens had expressed de sire that their sons story be told as fully as possible Bidault president and foreign peace conference at thp onenincr Monday AP Wirephoto via radio from PariT iowas Coin Up for Presidents Approval Washington bill auth orizing coinage of special 50ccnt pieces in commemoration of the 100th anniversary of Iowas ad mittance to thc union was sent to ihe white house Tuesday for President Trumans signature The senate completed congre sional action on the measure late Monday nTne bin authorizes coinage of 190000 silver 50ccnt pieces of a distinctive design The coins would be issued at such a time as the Iowa state government re quested They would be issued at par value or at a premium with net proceeds to go to the governor of Iowa for use in meeting expenses of the centennial celebration Postal Inspector Quits DCS Moines D Al len 65 Cedar Falls Iowa postal mspector who has spent 47 years in the postal service is retirin Now he said Tuesday hell have time to spend on his favorite stamps In 17tn century England the hangman of Dumfries was entitled to dip his iron ladle into each bag of produce as his pay from the inhabitants of the county Death Curfew Established in Tel Aviv Jerusalem troops P aced the 200000 residents of the allJewish city of Tel Aviv under virtual house arrest at dawn Tuesday as they opened a pro longed and deliberate roundup aimed at finding the persons who bombed theKing David hotel in Jerusalem last week The Empire City was placed under a22hour a day curfew with residents forbidden under pain of being shot on sight to leave their homes except during aauthorized 2 hour period for purchasing food and other sup Pltcs U Gen Sir Alan Cunningham British nigh commissioner for the troubled Holy Land said the Brit ish had clear evidence of the ex istence of terrorists in Tel Aviv and that some if not all of those who took part in the Jerusalem crime came from that town Eightyseven bodies have been recovered from the bombed hotel and 24 persons are missing A high ranking officer in Jer usalem said the worlds only all Jewish city probably would be under the rigid curfew for several days while soldiers and Palestine police carried on the steady housetohouse search which of ficials predicted would result in the arrest of 2000 to 3000 men and women The searchers also were be lieved to be seeking arms caches and clandestine radio transmit ters operated by such Jewish un derground organizations as Irgun Leumi and the Stern gang whose members an army officer said were the principal objects of the roundup n 5s fuPap is needed Dont throw it away The Boy Scouts will call for it each month Phone Strike Paris sudden strike by French telephone and com munications workers Tuesday virtually isolated peace confer ence delegates from contact with each other and spread con fusion through Paris for 10 hours The strike ended at 2 p m 7 a m CST but phone good in was not expected o return to normal before late Tuesday night or Wednesday conference after Byrnes had re peated his pledges that the little nations would have all the chance they wanted tu set forth their views here and that thebig would not reject arbitrarily any conference recommendation Striking a keynote tike that voiced by Byrnes Attlee said the conference would be anxious to hear the opinions of thc 17 little powers here Their criticisms suggestions ami recommendations must be given full consideration he said Russian Foreign Minister V M Molotov was absent from the con ference session the only missing major delegate Andrei Vishinsky Molotovs deputy was present Molotovs absence was a minor mystery which the Soviet embas sy declined to solve The fact that his translator also was absent in dicated the possibility that he was engaged in a private session After Altlce Chinese Minister Wang Shih Chich addressed the conference He announced that the Chinese delegation would make 3 main proposals on the draft treaties 1 That unduly severe military clauses for the defeated nations should not be considered 2 That territorial political and economic clauses deserved fuller discussion 3 Thaf some Italian colonies ihould either be given independ ence immediately or placed un der a United Nations trusteeship for a fixed period during which preparations for selfgovernment and independence should be completed Molotov is scheduled to open Wednesdays session as first speaker He will be followed by H V Evatt of Australia Byrnes pledge was given after ic had won a surprise victory for ull publicity on the proceedings of he conference procedure commit ee He was unexpectedly joined in his fight by Soviet Foreign Min ster V M Moloiov who strongly urged fullest possible press cover age of all peace conference pro ceedings Byrnes victory for full press coverage of the procedure com mittee was expected to open to correspondents all the conference committees including the treaty drafting committees Whether the conference sessions themselves will 3e open to the press has not yet seen decided and must be voted jpon by the 21nation assembly The initial session of the impor ant procedure committee pre sented he unusual spectacle of Jyrnes and iVIolotov joined by Herbert V Evatt delegate of Aus ratia earned up in a fight to give thc press greater privileges of reporting thc conference delib erations Byrnes presented the proposal o throw open the procedure com mittee to full press coverage He vas joined immediately by Molo ov who protested vehemently against what he called misrepre entaiions of his attitude toward publicity on conference delibera lons ;