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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 30, 1945, Mason City, Iowa cow NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LI Associated Press ud United Press FuU Leased film Cecil MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JULY 30 1945 NO 253 One Man 9s Opinion A Badio Commentary by W EARL MALI Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE City Sunday 5 p co WOlj Ames p m WSU1 City p ra WTAD Qulncy 111 Ftidiy p m KSCJ Sioui City Siturda p m War Itself Never Solves Anything IT MUST be driven into the thinking of the people of America and world that ALLIES HAMMER JAP DEFENSES 3 Military Leaders Promise Japs Destruction victory in of and by itself brings a complete solution to any longterm prob lem The most that war ever does 5s provide an opportunity to solve the problem The perfect case in point is our own war of independence Victory in that war removed the shackles of oppression which had been fastened upon us by the mother country But It didnt bring do mestic tranquillity or stable gov ernment To the contrary it created 13 colonies each going Us own way and with no effective bond to ce ment them together For a period of almost 10 years it looked very much as if the Revolutionary war had set down upon the American continent a collection of 13 transplanted Balkan states This was in the period when the colonies were trying to operate under the articles of confedera tion IT WASNT until 1789 with the adoption of the constitution and the instituting of the prin ciple of federal union that the Americans of that day began to get on the beam But even with that the opportunity made pos sible by the Revolutions victory at arms was not fully realized upon There was still the prob lem of making the constitution work And weve been at that job lor more than 150 years We started with the bill of rights which con stituted the first 10 amendments to the organic charter adopted in 1788 Our civil war some 70 years later was part and parcel of our continuingeffort to make the fed eral plan work The principle about which Im talking in this commentary is no lessoperative scene than in America In this connec tion lets take a moment to ex amineWorld war I which was won by the allies on the battle field almost as completely as World war II is being won But it didnt stay won Why FOR YEARS weve been hear ing World war I referred to as a ghastly failure It was given a doublebilling at the time it was being fought It was held up as 1 a war to end wars and 2 a war to make the world safe for de mocracy It was neither of these of for the good and sufficient reason that it couldnt be That just isnt the nature of a war World war I did exactly all that any war CAN do It brought the enemy to his knees It gave the nations of the world through their statesmen an opportunity to usher in an era of peace They muffed the ball Lets not blame the fighting men who flid their full task for the shortcomings of the peace table and subsequent international conferences To do so is slander Now were ready to consider this broad thesis namely that wars never solve anything of and by themselves with respect to the contemporary world situa tion Hitlerism hss been van quished the Japanese version of HitleriEm is approaching its sun set What are we going to do about it Are we going to muff the ball againor are we going to face the realities and usher in the era of worldwide peace for which our Guam high Ameri can military leaders Monday promised Japan an unprecedented dosage of destruction to be cli maxed by invasion in overwhelm ing force Rear Adm D C Ramsey chief of staff of the V S 5th fleet de clared in a broadcast to the Unit ed States that the invasion al ready had begun in effect with the evertightening blockade and everincreasing bombing and shelling of the enemys home is lands Maj Curtis E Lemay com mander of the 20th air force said in another broadcast that his re markable advancenotice pamph lets on Japanese cities marked for erasure by Superfortresses were intended so that all the Japanese people must realize that further resistance is senseless and will only lead to the complete de struction of their industries and their urban and industrial areas Ramsey spoke on the Mutual network Lemay on American Broadcasting company facilities Gen Spaatz commander of the U S strategic air forces said in a press conference that fleets of more than 1000 B29s soon would be sent against the enemy with twice the tonnage the American strategic air forces in Europe ever dropped on tbe Germans in one mission Ramsey declared that the most overwhelming forces ever concentrated in military history would invade Japan Noting that the Japanese had rejected the allied ultimatum to surrender he said it is a harsh fate which the enemy has chosen In all world history there is no more glaring example of a na tion imposing disaster upon it self For these people the lan guage of bombs and guns appar ently is the only convincing lan guage He said that carrier planes of the American 3rd fleet and the British Pacific task force had been putting the finishinc touch es on the job of rendering in operational practically every major Japanese combat ship and that besides the doubling of the Superfortress forces large forces of bombers of other types also will be on hand to destroy targets in Japan Lemay discussing his advance notice system referred to in augurating this program imply ing that it would be used again Already his bombers have set fire to 6 of the 11 cities that he warned Spaatz in Ws brief discussion of the B29 program said the greater the force you cari throw against them the Japanese the quicker they are liable to call it quits A STREAM OF FLAME SEEKS THE JAP IN HIS LAIR NOW IS THE good car owners avecomihg to the aid of Clear Lakes Governors celebration by sporting bumper signs like the one T J Farnan chairman of the is putting fo tee cfiairmeri chairman of the finance committee E W Winnie chairman of the bleachers committee D H Garvin entertainmentcommittee head Otto B Peterson in charge of the Venetian Nights parade Mr Farnan and Sid Halford chairman of the general Governors Days committee fteal Fight ts Seen for Peace Charter Washington UR The senate as given overwhelming approval o American participation in the inited nations peace organization jut the real fight is yet to come That will take place when the ime arrives to determine what his country is to furnish in the way of troops and planes and who is to authorize their use by Jie new world security organiza tion These questions were left un settled when the senate ratified lowans Vote Washington repub lican B Hickenlooper and George A the majority in voting Saturday for ratification of the united nations charter A HUMAN PYRE THE ENEMY DASHES FROM HIS COVER Political Trails Lead to Clear Lake on Aug 4 and 5 fighting blood men have given their AS WE seek for our answer to these questions let us have in our thinking the 2 wars Ive mentioned Our own war for in which was followed up with appropriate statesman ship and the creation of a great nation and 2nd World war I which through lack of statesman ship was the mere prelude to World war II In this comparison 1 hope that we shall be thinking of our War of the Revolution as the model and thinkin of World war n as the example of what not only MAY cone but WILL come io a world which lacks vision In a very real sense there is a parallel as between our American constitution and the charter drawn by the united nations at San Francisco By itself without implementation our constitution would have been just a collection of nicesounding words That goes Gov Blue and State 1 Officials Guests of City at Celebration Clear political trails will lead to Clear Lake Aug 4 and 5 when Gov Robert D Blue and his official family together with many members of the slatlegis ature Iowa supreme court and state boards will be guests of the city The annual event sponsored jy the Clear Lake Chamber of Commerce has grown to consider able political importance since the jolitical day at Iowa State fair has Become a war casualty Republi cans will dominate the occasion of course but there are still enough democrats in state offices to give the event flavor Both Senator George A Wilson in whose honor the occasion was instigated V years ago and Sena tor B B Hickenlooper junior U S senator from Iowa will be present their families already be ing on the scene Five of Iowas representatives in congress have accepted The republican state central committee has called a 2 day meeting at nearby Mason City so the occasion has the prospect of being a GOP rally as scores of republican leaders are listed among prospective Lake guests HighliRhlin the entertainments Saturday and Sunday evenings will be a grand pyrotechnic dis play obtained only Monday by Bob Nichols a member of the Venetian Nights parade commit tee The parade will be staged at 10 oclock foltowins the program of dancers divers and other en tertainers weather permitting The fireworks display will include Z gorgeous American flags to be set off Fifty pots of colored flames will be used to light the parade of decorated boats for which liberal prizes are beinff offered Lyman Sncll of the Fort Dodge Fireworks company is arranging the display The Clear Lake Yacht club will enter 25 decorated boats for The band wilt play on the water front Sunday evening for the en tertainment acts and will also present novelty and comedy num bers of its own Henry Charles and his orches ira will open the program at the Surf at 9 oclock Saturday eve ning and play till intermission when the Staulcups take over for the Governors ball from oclock on following the close of the program on the water front Sunday evening Carl Beans band will play at the Snrf until Inter mission time when Staulcup takes over as on Saturday evening Gov ernor Blue and members of his of ficial family will be guests of the Snrf ballroom Saturday evening at the Governors ball The Clear Lake band directec Kopecky will play for other parts of the weekend pro gram on the lake front Mr Ko pecky will also have charge of the amateur show at oclock Sun day Auditions will be held at 11 Sunday morning Sidney Halford chairman o the general committee states tha several new rides sideshows and games have been contracted fo the midway In addition there wil be numerous other concessions Xo refreshment and entertainment no less for charter the San Francisco M ORE significant than the char ter itself is the fact that 50 nations could gather around a conference table and by a process of give and take arrive at state ment of principles under which the peace of the world CAN be Continued on Paec 2 Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Considerable cloudi ness with recurring scattere thundershowers Monday after noon through Tuesday wit gentle to moderate souther winds and slowly rising tern p era lures the parade Another event of importance will be a tour by the distinguished visitors of the Mason City airport 2 miles east of Clear Lake Guests will be conveyed to the airport by a delegation of the Greater Clear Lake committee and will be con ducted around the airport by Ma son Citys mayor H E Bruce and other city officials Brought to Clear Lake especial ly for the occasion will be Jack Staulcups name band making its first appearance in the Surf ball room and the midwest territory BIG THREE ON HOMESTRETCH Potsdam President Tru ian Prime Minister Attlee and rentier Stalin worked on the inal language of tentative agree ment reached in 11 days of top ight deliberations as the big 3 onference entered the home tretch Monday on a keynote of armony Observers here believed the harmonious resumption of the con erence following the defeat of rVinston Churchills government by the British labor party augured well for a successful conclusion the united nations charter by an 89 to 2vote last Saturday 1 The slxe and type of military units this nation will agree to fnrniih foivthe cause of peace 2 Whether forces can be ordered Into action without spe cific approval of congress in each case 3 Whether the agreement for those forces will require a two thlrds senate vote as a treaty or a majority vote by both houses of congress as a joint resolution It will be months before all those questions are settled The senate plans to recess Wednesdav until Oct 8 The house already is in recess until that date According to present plans the question of specific congressional approval for use of American troops may be the first to be tackled It is expected to arise in connection with a bill to set uo the office of delegate to the united nations security council to which Former Secretary of State Edward R Stettinius Jr already has been named There are divergent views on the powers which should be ac corded the delegate Some senators take the position FLAMES WIN OUT TBE ENEMY FALLS TO THE GROUND These dramatic pictures taken from a newsreel show a flamethrower in action with the veteran 7th Australian division during its advance on Japheld Borneo The enemy hiding in a native hut refuses to surrender A flamethrow ing infantryman lashes out with his deadly fire and the Jap emerges a mass of flames The fire proves too much bottom and the enemy falls to the ground at last Official U S army signal corps photos from News of the Day news reel There has been no noticeable reak in the continuity of the dis cussions and prospects were for an early conclusion perhaps with in the next 2 or 3 days The conference was described officially as making progress on the final communique which will reveal plans for the future of Eur ope While President Trumans con tinuing primary international in terest is an early end to the war with Japan there was no authori tative information whether the Pacific would be mentioned speci fically in the final statement Usually decisions affecting military affairs are withheld un less the inflnence exerted by their publication outiveights other con siderations that congress must be consulted in each instance before the delegate can vote for the use of American troops Others contend that the dele gate as the agent of the president can order troops into action at any time to protect American lives property or international commitments AUSSIES POUND JAP REARGUARD Manila 7th di vision troops hammered disorgan ized Japanese rearguard units north of Balikpapan Monday The main Japanese column apparently was undecided whether to run north for Samarinda or to retreat 215 miles southwest to Banjerma No Proof Berlin Gen Alex ander V Gorbatov said Monday there still is no definite proof that Adolf Hitleris dead and an in vestigation is continuing to de termine whether lie stfll is alive RAIL CENTERS HEAD LIST FOR ALLIED STRIKES More Than 400 Jap Ships Are Destroyed by Heavy Bombardment By LEONARD JUILUMAN Associated Press War Editor Allied warships and planes mer cilessly hammered Japans air de fense and rail transportation Mon day after a devastating weekend that destroyed or damaged more than 400 Nipponese surface craft ranging from the emperors last battleship down to troopladen rivercraft Without a single first line war ship to oppose them bombarding units of the powerful allied fleet which controls the Pacific shelled the railway bottleneck of Ham amatsu southwest of Tokyo for more than an hour Slonday Nearly 1500 carrier planes fol lowed up the predawn bombard ment by hammeringairdromes and factories over a 300 mile stretch of Japans main island al most unopposed Japanese broad casts said they were joined by 300 fighter planes from fwo Jima The raiders were fresh from at tacks which left the great Kure naval base littered with sunken fighting ships including 3 battle wagons The Japanese Pearl Har bor one returning airman called it Communiques of Admiral Nimitz and General MacArthur the allied ontoTokyo command ers listed 10 warships sunk 3 probably sunk and 16 damaged Saturday They included 2 battleships a 3rd was previous ly sunk at 3 cruisers 3 submarines 1 destroyer 1 sub chaser Probably sunk 1 cruiser 1 es cort carrier 1 subchaser carrier one es cort carrier 12 destroyers or de stroyer escorts 2 submarines Other ships bombed and strafed included a number of freighters and freightertransports some probably carrying troops but most of them coastal vessels schoon ers junks and river craft They were caught in home waters along the China coast and in the south west Pacific Fighterescorted re connaissance planes making a 2 100 mile overwatcr flight found a new treasure trove for shipping hunters at Singapore The harbor was full of vessels peaceful and quiet In addition o the shipping oil CRASHES INTO WATER HYDRANT To avoid hitting a Mason City Motor Coach bus early Saturday afternoon Abrose V O3rien sent his Pfaff Baking company truck crashing over a curb upsetting it The U S senates ratification of I against a water hydrant at 19th anH C TTorforfil lowa Partly cloudy Monday03 People through Tuesday with scattered thundershowers north and west T i 7 portion Monday and generally T CCleral Monday night and Tuesday Little warmer Tuesday Minnesota Partly cloudy with scattered thundershowers most ly in cast portion Monday and early Tuesday warmer east portion Tuesday afternoon the united nations charter with only 2 opposition votes armed the president with a trump card as the deliberations entered the final stage He now is able to tell Rus sia and Britain that the United States abandonment of tradi ditional isolationism has the over 1 whelming support of the Ameri UlOUD and S Federal OBrien who lives at 217 Ken tucky S E was driving north on Federal when he came behind the bus driven by Earl Wood about 27 who lives at the YMCA The bus had stopped at a railroad crossing OBrien was unable to stop and made a lelt turn turning the truck over against the hydrant He was unhurt Damage was caused to the irm IN MASON CITY GlobeGazetie weather statistics Maximum Sunday 79 Minimum Sunday 65 At 8 a m Monday 65 Precipitation in Mason City Sunday night 98 YEAR AGO Maximum 11 Minimum 51 of Armored Bibles Washington JP The federal trade commission Monday ordered Shields of Faith Co Pittsburgh formerly of Chicago to halt what the FTC termed misrepresenta tions in the sale of metalcovered religious books It directed the firm not to rep resent armored Bibles and other books as affording members of the armed services effective protec tion against bullets shrapnel or other projectiles or against bayon et thrusts empty bread truck The bus was not hit FRANCE GETS BERLIN SECTOR Berlin allied control council for Germany at a historic first meeting here Monday dis closed that a sector of Berlin had been allocated to French control Gen Eisenhower presided at the first session attended by Field Marshal Sir Bernard L Montgom ery Russias Marshal Georgi K Zhukov and Frances battle hero LI Gen Pierre Koenig sin Gen Douglas MacArthnrs spokesman said however it ap peared likely that the Japanese would plunge Inland across the Semoi river and then drive south for Benjermasin On the Samarinda road north of Balikpapan Australian units over ran one small group of retreating Japanese and at last reports had engaged them in a running fight Maj Gen E J Milford com mander of the Australian 7th di vision said that his men in the Balikpapan area had completed their first major task of routing the Japanese with great losses He ordered 2 days rest for each maa when practicable Australian observers believed the main Japanese forces in northwest Borneo might atlempt to reach Kuching in Sarawak faj south of Brunei bay It was thought those in the north proba bly would attempt standing in the JesseltonTcrringauRangou area while those in the southeast as MacArthurs spokesman indicated would shift from Balikpapan south toward Banjermasin Radio Tokyo claimed that Jap anese suicide planes off Puket island had heavily damaged a large enemy warship probably an aircraft carrier and had sunk ah allied cruiser Dome agency said allied troops attempted to invade the island off the western coast of Malaya once on Wednesday and twice on Thursday Domei claimed all 3 at tacks were unsuccessful with Jap OTHERS BLAMED AT PETAIN TRIAL Paris Maj Jean Lostanau Lacau testified at the treason trial ot Marshal Petain Monday that Iam horrified to see a man of nearly 100 years of age blamed by others for their own errors The mystery man of the trial was hustled into the courtroom at he request of the presiding judge only a short while after police had announced their search for him had been unsuccessful He followed to the stand Ed ouard Herriot 3 times premier be tween wars who said that Presi dent Roosevelt placed at our dis posal materiel which we needed in the days before the collapse of France When Herriot concluded the state announced it had fin ished its list ot witnesses Herriot accused Petain of thwarting the governments effort to escape to North Africa Herriot recovered from an ill ness told of events leading to the armistice and the assumption of dictatorial powers by the aged Petain accused of intelligence with the enemy and p 1 o t ti n g against the security of France France had 2 staunch friends in Churchill and Roosevelt Her riot said We knew Britain would fight to the end Roosevelt had placed at our disposal material which we needed and I felt sure that the day would come when he taken over the weekend Ameri can and British planes destroyed 148 Japanese aircraft and dam aged 145 Attacking formations included 700 bombers and fighters from Okinawa General MacArthur dis closed Monday they would adopt the new Superfort tactic of telling the Japanese where they were go ing to strike next Nearly 6CO B29s returned safe ly Sunday morning from setting fire to 6 cities which the Nip ponese had been warned were marked for destruction Five more cities remain on the first list An other warning including a new roll of towns to be added to 52 cities already firebombed is be ing prepared on Guam Deployment Timetable anese garrison troops driving the invaders into the sea There was no allied confirma tion of the assault lowan Is Pioneer Washington L Lund quist aviation fire control man Sioux City Iowa was a member of the crew which pioneered the use of rapid fire cannon in the nose of a navy search plane Paris is Mondays deployment time table of Ameri can divisions 9TII ARMY HQ On the high seas first elements expected to reach the United States next week end 20TII ARMORED DIVISION On the high seas expected to start arriving in the United States the middle of next week 28TH INFANTRY DIVISION On high seas expected to reach port about Aug 6 30TII INFANTRY DIVISION En route to Southampton where will leave for New York aboard the Queen Mary 35TH INFANTRY DIVISION Processing at Camp Norfolk Reims assembly area expected to go to Le Havre late this week INFANTRY DIVISION Processing at Camp St Louis Helms scheduled to go to Le Havre about Aug 10 would lead the United States into 13TH AIRBORNE DIVISION the war Processing at Camp Pittsburgh We haa no right to betray such i Reims for August shipment confidence Before Herriot took the stand Defense Attorney Jean Lcmaire asserted that the news service Opera Mundi of which Paul Winkler was director was used by the Germans in 1936 and 1937 to distribute propaganda in the United States Winkler testified for the state Saturday Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazelle carrier boy Advance parties of all these di visions except the 13th are on the high seas lowan on Intrepid Washington Ken neth Eugene Erger of Norway Iowa was among enlisted men aboard the USS Intrepid credited with destroying 80 enemy ships and 650 aircraft to be awarded the purple heart the secretary of navy has announced ;