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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 29, 1950, Mason City, Iowa r NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THi NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL LVI Associated Press and United Press Full Lease Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY JULY 29 1950 This Paper Consists of Two No 251 US Orders No RetreatNo Surrender GoAhead To Plane Plants AF Flashes 200 Firms for Orders Letters of Intent Involving Billion Sent to Manufacturers Washington air force flashed 200 manufacturers a sig nal Saturday to go ahead with the production of more than worth of airplanes and parts The industry was directed to get busy with the job and nego tiate contracts later Letters Sent Letters of intent authorizing the companies to proceed while congress is completing action on appropriations and contracts are being worked out were sent to the manufacturers An air force spokesman said the orders cover the entire air force procurement program for thefis cal year that began July 1 This includes orders contemplat ed in the regular defense appropri ation for the current fiscal year and additional billions that will be provided under the additional defense appropria tion asked recently by President Truman Round Up Employes The companies were asked to advise the air force how many additional employes will be need ed Asked what the purpose of this Step is an air force spokesman said it is to give the factories something they can start getting employes with Senators Ask Veto of Red China by U S By JACK BELL Washington members of the senate foreign relations committee demanded Saturday that the United States block any move to admit Chinese communists to the United Nations by use of the veto if necessary Senator George DGa told a reporter that with American troops fighting communists in Ko rea he doesnt think this country can afford to withhold its secur ity council veto if that is the only way to bar the Chinese commu nists In a separate interview Sen ator H Alexander Smith RN J called on Secretary of State Acheson to make it clear at once that the United States will use every means at its command to keep the Chinese communists out of the UN Veto in Doubt The state department has tak en the position that it would be unwise at this time for the UN to consider the question of admitting the Mao TseTung governments representatives But it has said the United States would not ex ercise the veto if such a show down came This seemed to leave the Amer jcan representatives free to ma Tieuver actively to prevent the questions arising as it may when Jacob A Malik the soviet repre sentative takes over as chairman of the security council for Au gust and thus ends his walkout from that body But this apparently wasnt a strong enough position for George and Smith George said he expects Malik to attempt to use his chairman ship as a sounding board to try to undermine the American posi tion in the far east Communist Inspired The whole theory under which we are proceeding in Korea is based on the contention that the North Korean attack is commu nistinspired and is in clear vi olation of the United Nations charter the Georgia senator said Under those circumstances I dont think we could afford to take any action that would give new prestige to communists any where and we would have to ex ercise the veto if it comes to that point 8AME k lag raffle IB 24 FIRE SWEEPS TAB picture made by Walter Sullivan New York Times correspondent shows flames left rising from the vicinity of a service company com pound at Taejon Smoke rising at the right is near the railroad station from which a train got away an hour later through a hail of bullets Tan Expect More Troops in Korea An army ipokesman expressed belief Sat urday that a continuous landing of United Nations troops and ma erial in Korea can be expected He voiced this opinion at a briefing of Pentagon reporters vhen questioned about reports hat major reinforcements are the American forces in Korea I think you can expect a con Jnuous landing of troops and ma terial the army spokesman said He said he based this eiipecta ion on what you already know rle did not specifically mention the fact that elements of the 1st narine division and the armys 2nd infantry division have been on iheir way from the U S to the ar east for some time Earthquakes Rock Imperial Valley Calipatria Cal Valleys llth earthquake in 3 days Saturday damaged much of the business section of this town of 2000 population Chief of Police Bob Merrill said all of the business districts 15 buildings had cracks in them Most of the plate glass store win dows were smashed by the sharp jolt which hit at a m Pa cific daylight time He said there were no injuries reported OTTUMWA NEWSMAN DIES Ottumwa A tWagner veteran printer and publisher died here Saturday He was 88 years old 50 Killed in Brazilian Plane Crash Rio De Janeiro Brazil UR Fifty persons including one American were killed Friday night in Brazils worst airplane disaster A Panair do Brazil 4engine constellation struck a high tension wire and crashed in flames on a hill as it was coming in for a landing at Porto Alegre 700 miles south of here The American was Ralph Mot ley 48 of Richmond Ind head of the Atlantic Refining company in Brazil a long time resident of this country The other men and 25 women including the steward Brazilians The company an affiliate of Pan American world airways said the plane was on a routine flight from Rio De Janeiro to Porto Alegre All the occupants including 7 crew members were burned to death Panair said First teams to reach the scene of the crash reported that the 4 engined plane had broken in two the forward part lying some dis tance from the rear half Eleven bodies were found among the twisted wreckage of the rear half of the plane and more were strexvn around the for ward half Panair sent a plane from Rio De Janeiro to recover the bodies ELMER CORWIN DIES Des Moines P Cor win 67 state industrial commis sioner died unexpectedly Satur day after he collapsed while starting his power lawn mower at his home Corwin was dead on arrival at a hospital Defenders Answer They Will Stand By GENE SYMONDS With the U S 25th Divi sion Korea Lt Gen Walton H Walker American commander in Korea told his forces Saturday they must stand or die The men who must defend the foxholes answered that they would Walker in a fighting front line speech to officers said there would be no further re treat and that every man must fight to the death to hold his ground Otherwise he added they must face a butchery of Americans such as there has never been in history To the Last Man If the general says to do it by God we will do the last man a lieutenant colonel said A grizzled old master sergeant Richard Collins of Dothan Ala who has been in the army 27 years said I really our outfit can hold now I dont like that running no way said a taciturn medic who refused to give his name No Place to Go We have retreated our last step the swashbuckling Walker said in a speech reminiscent of his former boss the late Gen George S Patton We cannot af ford to go back any farther In fact there is no place left for us to withdraw to Every man must fight to the death if neces sary until help arrives He said he was sick of hearing about withdrawals and added By God there arent going to be any more cept forward An executive officer a major said he felt his men had been carrying out the order before the general made it with past with drawals being merely adjusting to better positions Its being done he said We didnt run from those positions We fought all the way back Pressed as to whether he thought his unit would stand where it is the major said it would but added They are sacrificing some pretty good boys in there A Battalion Sergeant Major James Blockshear said I think we should Im ready to try and hold them Pvt Thomas Young an ammu nition bearer from said I think he should have said that a long time ago Think We Can Hold Asked whether he and his bud dies were ready to stand and hold even against superior numbers Young said I think they are ready Most of them have been ready for a long time I think we can hold them We kicked them pretty good yesterday and I think we can keep on Youngs gunner Cpl Fred Caraway of Dallas said Thats what we wanted all along I didnt see any reason for run ning yesterday They cant beat us We got too much power for them I think right the general was Truman Asks Huge Stockpiling Fund Washington fP President Truman asked congress Friday for fpr stockpiling strategic and critical materials and for renovation of reserve merchant ships General Walker Commands Army To Fight to the Death Infantry Pulls Back of Hwanggan NORTH KOREA V HAMCHANG Ichon SOUTH KOREA t RED FORCES PRESS arrows show continued North Korean thrusts against U S and South Korean troops openarrows all along the battle line in South Ko rea On the south coast a 3pronged red advance which reached Ponggye at one point is being stalled by American roadblocks In central sector reds B smashed at U S defensive positions while South Korean units C were engaged in heavy fighting in the HamchangYechon sector At Yongdok reds were unable to dislodge South Ko reans south of the town Congress Sentiment Swings Toward AllOut Mobilization By EDWIN B HAAKINSON Washington of President Trumans re quest for limited economic controls fought Saturday to stem a rising tide of sentiment in congress fpr allout mobiliza tion of the home front In the house support for consumer price controls and rationing was so strong that leaders were reported con cerned over their chances sidetrack those proposals in favor of action on Mr Trumans milder requests In the senate backers of the drastic controls forced the bank ing committee to abandon plans for action on the Truman pro posals until Monday so the all out controls can be put into shape to be offered either as an amend ment or as a substitute Stems Front Baruch The mounting pressure for com plete wartime mobilization SEE OTHER PICTURES ON PAGE 14 NATIONAL GUARD CONVOY LEAVES FOR Pictured here are some of the trucks and men of the na tional guard units making up a convoy that left Mason City early Saturday morning for the annual 2 weeks en campment at Fort Leonard Wood Mo Stops were being made along the route to add other unit trucks to the cara GlobeGazctte photo by Musscr van Members of the two units here Headquarters com pany and H company not accompanying the convoy were scheduled to leave by special train Saturday evening also picking up units along the way Maj Jacob Magnani Ma son City executive officer of the 2nd battalion 133rd in fantry is in charge of the entire conyoy stemmed largely from elder states man Bernard Baruchs testimony this week that immediate ceil ings on everything are impera tive Baruch put in another plug for this viewpoint Friday in a tel ephone conversation with Chair man Mayband D S Car of the banking committee At the very least Maybank quoted him as saying wageprice controls and rationing should be written into law on astandby basis That would give Mr Truman power to invoke the controls but only when he felt they were nec essary While the president told his news conference Thursday that broad consumer controls are not yet needed one capitol official who usually is in touch with the white house told a reporter the presi dent would be glad to get the added controls on a standby basis Speculative Flurry Mr Trumans council of eco nomic advisers is reported to feel that the current nationwide wave of buying is a speculative flurry which will die down without the need for drastic action But Baruch was quoted as say ing that the priorities and alloca tion controls sought by the presi dent will not stop further price rises In the midst of this debate 3 government agencies issued a new batch of statistics bearing on the question of controls The labor departments bureau of labor statistics reported a 2 per cent rise in wholesale prices during the week which ended last Tuesday July 25 While the index of average wholesale prices stand ing at 1637 per cent of the 1928 average was 42 per cent above 4 weeks ago the weeks rise was the smallest since the Korean fighting started Record Sales The commerce department said that during June manufacturers sold a record worth of goods and took orders for 600000000 more That showed that even before the Korean out break on June 25 business was booming for the nations factories Meanwhile the international situation pushed farm prices up 65 per cent between midJune and midJuly the agriculture de partment reported The depart ment said the price level was the highest in 18 months and added that prices have risen still further since July 15 Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Partly cloudy through Sun day Scattered thundershowers northwest and extreme west Saturday night and in the west and extreme north portions Sunday Low Saturday night 65 to 70 Slightly cooler extreme west portion Sunday High 82 to 88 west and 88 to 94 east Southerly winds 18 to 22 MPH Sunday Further outlook Scat tered showers or thunder show ers and cooler Monday Highs 80 to 86 Tuesday partly cloudy and pleasant preceded by show ers in the east portion Minnesota Partly cloudy and warm Saturday night with scat tered thundershowers north and west portions Considerable cloudiness and slightly cooler with scattered thundershowers Sunday Low Saturday night 6268 High Sunday 7885 west 8488 east Mason City Partly cloudy Satur day night and Sunday High Sunday 85 to 90 Low Saturday night 65 to 70 IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum 91 Minimum 53 YEAR AGO At 8 a m 76 Maximum 90 Minimum 62 Tokyo General Mac Arthurs headquarters release at a m Sunday a m Saturday said repeated attempts by the reds to break through U S 1st cavalry and 25th infantry division positions in Korea had been thrown back It said there had been no ap preciable change in the vital Yongdong sector By RELMAN MORIN Tokyo S infan trymen pulled back from Hwanggan village on the main American roadrail sup ply line early Saturday and took up new defend or die positions on the central Ko rean warfront The withdrawal came just before the allied defenders on the blazing front got grim orders to stand fast at all costs and make no further re treat from their foothold in southeast Korea The orders came from Lt Gen Walton H Walker 8th army commander who told his division commanders Everyone must fight to the death without any thought of withdrawal Brace for Assault The outnumbered forces who pulled back from Hwang gan after 5 days of stubborn fighting and othersT all along the 200 mile front steeled themselves against further developing North Korean in fantry and artillery assaults Associated Press War Corres pondent Tom Lambert with the 1st cavalry foot soldiers said the with drawal began Friday night and was completed Saturday morning American patrols went in later and found no reds in the mudhut town Reds in an arc around the place were put under heavy U S artillery fire Fullback Orderly Frontline dispatches indicated the pullback was orderly with no casualties or losses of equipment Red artillery pieces thereabouts including possibly a railroad big gun were being drawn into posi tion for another assault on Ameri can lines U S shells screamed into Hwanggan Saturday after noon The withdrawal irked MajGen Hobart Gay first cavalry com mander but he said it did not hurt his division American warplanes slipped in under the clouds to blast red troops and trucks and blast two enemy held towns Enters Critical Stage This operation very definitely has entered its critical stage Walker said after flying over the front and conferring with his di vision commanders We will hold the positions we have and fight it out here He said he had hopes of Reinforcements was absolute ly confident of success and added Everyone must fight to the death without any thought of withdrawing from Korea The reds were taking heavy losses More than 3000 died be fore the blazing guns of the U S 1st cavalry and 25th infantry divisions How many reds were wounded none could tell 31000 Red Casualties An assessment of North Korean losses to date listed 31000 reds killed and wounded 170 tanks de stroyed and 100 others damaged A spokesman at MacArthurs headquarters called the figures conservative Allied war planes landbased and from carriers roamed drip ping Korean skies unchallenged raining more destruction on the enemy his transport and supply centers News of reinforcements from Okinawa American airbase island in the Ryukyus south of Japan was reported reliably but unoffi cially They were not mentioned by General MacArthurs release However the official release did report an American roadblock checked a southern coastal thrust at Ponggye 55 miles west of southeast port sup plying the allied holding action Two other red columns were sim ilarly stalled in the south The ferocity of the communist assault was indicated by Mac Arthurs report that more than 2500 reds were killed by the 1st cavalry division More than 800 North Korean dead were counted I ;