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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 29, 1946, Mason City, Iowa f NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH 10WANS NEIGHBORS VOL Prcsi and United Pica Full Leaded Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JULY 29 1946 One Man V Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Cltr p m TVTAD Qulnir II Moo C D S T WOI Amei 51S p m WSUI CHy Wednesday p m Higher Education in Our Postwar Era ANYBODY who supposes that administering a college or uni versity statesupported or inde pendent in this postwar period is an easy job is just about as wrong as its possible to be All the prob lems confronting business and in dustry seem to be rolled up into one parcel and laid on the college presidents front porch Its la beled One Big Headache Even if the enrollment were no larger than before the war there would be problems enough in re cruiting teachers and the like But with twice as many young people knocking for admittance at the college doors the transcendant problem is to find lodging for them Some things you can do by im provisation For example you can make assistants into instructors and you can use classrooms and laboratories at night to accom modate increased numbers of students But you have to have a roof and 4 walls in which to house a student Andthere just arent enough roofs and walls on the campuses to house all who want to go to college THE reason for this of course is i the war Out of the 15 million who wore the uniform of their country something more than half were of college age Many had be gun their college courses more were just ready to enroll when the war came along Even if there had been no spec ial inducements from the federal government our campuses would be filled to overflowing by these legions of youngsters interrupted by war in their educational ca t reers But our government wisely I think added to the problem by including a generous educational benefit provision in the G I bill of rights The youngster who served as much as 2 years is assured under that law regular1 college course almost without cost to him self andjthose who served as much as 3 years can start from scratch and complete a professional course of 5 or 6 years without parting with much out of their own pockets More than that theres an added benefit Jor those who are mar ried Whereas the unmarried stu dent receives 565 a month he student with a wife draws S90 a month And educational insti tutions are reimbursed on a cost of instruction basis BUT alas this generosity based IOWA COURT UPHOLDS GAS TAX Byrnes Seeks Free Press at Peace Conference BIG 4 POWERS AGREE TO TELL TREATY DRAFTS E AWARD FOR picture shows arniy and navy representatives congratulating the Garsson brothers key figures in the Mead committee investigation of war profits when they received an E award in St Charles 111 for their war efforts Left to right Brig Gen Herman Safford of the ordnance division Washington D C Navy Comdr K D Coffin wartime head of the Abbott school naval training station at Northwestern university Murray Garsson Joseph T Freeman Washington representa tive for the Garssons and Henry M Garsson who clutches the ArmyNavy E award flag International Soundphoto exclusive photo copyright if Reveal Officers Obtained Jobs Through War Contracts Washington General Lindsay Warren Monday denounced as damnable what he termed the widespread practice of army officers obtaining lucrative jobs from war producers whose government contracts they helped draft and settle while in the service Be laid before the senate war investigating committee 3specific cases and declared a result of their general accounting office has thrown every searchlight on contracts held by the companies employing the men Warren volunteered the names of the men after making these points during his testimony before the committee which branched out 21Nation Conference Convenes in Paris on European Peace Pacts Paris 1500 delegates assembling Monday fpr the first greatpeace conference of World war II were confronted by Ameri can disclosure that Secretary of State Byrnes would urge that all negotiations be wide open to the press of the world The conference con vened in Luxembourg palace fllonday afternoon to consider peace treaties for three Balkan nations Italy and Finland An American source said the deputy foreign ministers of the four principal the United States France and Rus at a meeting Monday to make public Tuesday the com plete texts of the treaties for Italy Romania Hungary Bulgaria and Finland that have been prepared by the foreign ministers council These drafts which will be sub mitted to the peace conference will be released for publication at 11 p m Greenwich mean time a p m central standard time D on a grateful appreciation of the service performed by these brave youngsters of ours hasnt had the effect of providing a place in which they could live while they are availing themselves of this educational provision in the G I bill Housing today stands as the one greatest one most formidable postwar higher education In Iowa at this time a month and a half before the start of the school year in September thou sands more boys and girls than canpossibly be accommodated have applied for admittance to our colleges and universities Monday from its inquiry into wartime operations of a midwest munitions combine 1 The government lost untold millions by not allowing the ac counting office to police the con tracts 2 Some high government offi cials made it a practice to accept cocktail parties hotel and travel expenses from contractors 3 From my seat it has looked as if everybody and his brother were out to get the government during the lush war years Chairman Mead termed acceptance D N and offer of GOME of our independent eol leges weeks even months ago had to hang out the No More Ad missions sign Others and prob ably all others will be up against that necessity before the start of the school year Evenat the 3 slate institutions of higher State uni VETsity the State college and the State Teachers ments from now on are going to have to be conditioned on the individual students proof that he or she has a place in which to live The youngster who hasnt at this time been accepted for admis sion to a college or university faces a dismal outlook so far as the year ahead is concerned x A ND this situation to which I re fer isnt confined to Iowa Its a nationwide problem As a mat ter of fact 1 suspect that in Iowa were going to do better in its so lution than in the average state State institutions everywhere including Iowa have been forced to restrict enrollment to residents of their own state That isnt pleasing to educational adminis trators I can assure you because in the past there has been a con stant endeavor to wipe out geo graphical barriers in harmony with the universality of education The one beacon In the other wise dark night is the junior col lege In Iowa we have somewhere between 20 and 30 of these local institutions An even dozen of them continued to operate throughout the war A recent survey disclosed that these junior colleges inIowa could accommodate somewhere between 1000 and 2000 extra students if filled to their capacity That will CONTINUED ON PAGE 11 jobs to army officers by companies on whose contracts they have worked an indefensible practice and said the committee will dig info it deeper Warren cited in his statement these 3 cases of army officers tak ing jobs 1 Major George W Parker formerly contracting officer and termination contracting officer as signed to Howard Aircraft corpor ation is now employed as general manager of Howard Aircraft cor poration 2 Colonel Forrest W Smith who was the original contracting officer as well as the termination contracting officer on contracts with the SchwitzerCummmgs company 1125 Massachusetts Ave Indianapolis Ind was separated from the ordnance department on May 25 1945 On June 16 1945 Colonel Smith entered on duty as manager of procurement for the SchwitzerCummings company 3 Captain G I Caivert for merly officerincharge of the reg ional office of the St Louis ord nance district Houston Tex was the contracting officers represent ative to expedite plant clearance and dispose of termination inven tories during the period Aug 1 1945 to Dec 1 1945 in connection with final settlements made with the Sheffield Steel Corp Houston Tex subcontractor under various prime contracts with Hughes Air craft company Strut division and Reed Roller Bit company START WORK ON 3RD BOMB TEST Some Live Animals Found in Outer Circle By HOWARD W BLAKESLEE Associated Press Science Reporter Bikini ff Work on Test harlie when an atom bomb will be detonated far down in the deep sea already is starting Vice Adm W H P Blaridy said Mon day as he awaited damage re Algona Boy Enjoys Sunday Bus Ride Not Parents Little Jon Huenhold about 6 years old had a free bus ride Sunday from Algona to Mason City but not without worry to hi parents and trouble for the Icca police department Jon boarded the Jefferson bu at Algona and slarted out to sei the world The bus driver think ing the boy was with his parents didnt question him until they ar rived in Mason City Then th boy wouldnt get off and th a target fleet still radioactive after lOrts from Jangerously Thursdays shallow blast Seabees have been assigned to Jrcpare the deepsea mooring lines for next springs tentatively planned deepwater burst The deadly xrays barred close nspection of inner circle ships in he lagoon again than 4 days after the harbor Jepth explosion But live animals liave been found on at least ships on the outer circle If it had been a wartime blast Admiral Blandy explained crew men would have faced these radio active risks to save their ships anc lives of the injured He could give no estimate of the cost of such heroism The admiral said only that i may be a week before it is safe to go back aboard some of the ships The incomplete tentative dam age toll meanwhile rose to 16 Lat est addition was the submarim Dentuda beached with her for ward torpedo room flooded As a result of these tests atom powered warships with hulls toughened to withstand such bom blasts may be constructed within 5 years predicted Adm Edwan L Cochrane construction chief o the naval bureau of ships Capt Logan McKee of the sami bureau added that We have a lo of ideas on atomicpowered sub marines Neither he nor Cochran went into detail Ferdinand Magellan generall regarded as the first circumnavi gator of the globe actually wa killed in the Philippines befor his trip was completed driver was unable to determin where he was bound for becaus the boy was unable to speak o hear After numerous telephone call by the police department th boys parents were located and h returned with them Sunday nigh LO Missing in Vtississippi Boat Accident Caruthersville Mo luddy Mississippi river was earched Monday for the bodies of t least 10 persons possibly more vho were believed to have per shed in the collision of a ferry oat and 2 oil laden barges near re Thirteen other occupants of the erry were saved after the flat Mat overturned dumping at least vehicles and their passengers nto the waters The accident occurred at p i Sunday night 50 yards from the lissouri shore as the ferry neared ompletion of its crossing from the Tennessee side The 2 oil barges linked together nd pushed by 2 linked tugs in a ingle river train picked up 11 iersons from the swirling waters hortly after the accident Two others reached shore but me of those dfed and Charles E lendrix veteran ferry pilot was auoted as estimating that there vere between 20 and Z5 in the ve ilclcs on the boat his tug was pushing from the Tennessee to the ilissouri boot heel shore when the ragedy occurred Rivermen said the water near he scene of the crash xvas 70 feet deep Coast guard personnel with div ng apparatus were ordered here Tom Memphis and Cairo to start searching the bottom for victims Known dead was Jerry Vickers 5 who died after he was brought shore by his mother Mrs ilaude Vickers Jr of Caruthers ville His brother Larry 6 was re jorted lost under the barge by his ather who was holding him at the time of the collision The father of the 2 lads returning to search for his son rescued Mrs L 1 Sreen of Caruthcrsville whose husband a deputy circuit court lerk was listed among the miss ing British Agree on U S Plan For Germany Washington state de partment announced Monday Bri tain has accepted in principle this governments proposal to uni fy occupation zones in Germany The departments announcement reiterated the hope that Russia and France likewise will accept Despite this hope the expecta tion among diplomats here is that the United States and Britain at once will work out dctailt for uni fying their own zones economical ly that France probably will join promptly and that Russia will re fuse to cooperate The announcement which may mark a step in the hardening of the great power split in Germany came as Secretary of State Byrnes met with Prime Minister Attlee and Foreign Ministers Molotov and Bidault in the first day of the Paris peace conference Bevin Better London Secre tary Ernest Bevin was reported by his wife Monday lo be very much improved and perhaps will he able to attend the Paris peace conference by late in the week Tuesday The texts will be accom panied by statements from each of the foreign ministers giving their attitudes on the disagree ments that still exist Most of the terms of the treaties already have become known un officially Release of the full texts simultaneously in Paris London JVashington and Moscow had been advocated for several days by the United States and France but the British and Russians had dif fered on how much should be made public Byrnes was disclosed to favor a goldfish bowl policy at the peace conference If his proposal for open meetings is turned down the American informant said Byrnes will propose that representatives of various commissions of the con ference be adpoteti to keep news paper reporters informed of what goes on at closed meetings Byrnes disclosed that he would urge the delegates to allow former enemy states as well as any other interested nation to present their cases to the conference He said he felt bound by the foreign ministers decision in Mos cow last December which limited the peace conference talks to the allied belligerent nations but that he was convinced no country should be refused a hearing The U S secretary said he would stand firm on all agree ments he made with his col leagues at the recent meetings of the ministers in Paris but that he reserved the right of complete freedom of action on questions on which no agreement was reached The conference is not scheduled to consider the future of Germany or Japan or to take up such mat ters as atomic energy An American source said how ever that although the Big 4 were committed lo confining the dis cuEscn to the 5 peace treaties the other 17 nations could bring up additional subjects if they chose The question of freedom of nav igation on the Danube was shaping up as one of the major issues of the conference with western pow ers favoring such freedom over the protest of Russia ROY L THOMPSON Senate Group Approves 3 for Decontrol Washington ip The senate banking committee Monday unanimously approved President Trumans 3 nominees for the new price decontrol board The committees action sent to the senate for its consideration possibly Monday but more likely Tuesday these nominations Roy L Thompson uresident of the Federal Land Bank of New Orleans as chairman of the de control boardDanie1 W Bell for mer treasury undersecretary and George H Mead Dayton Ohio paper companjf executive as DANIEL W BELL members Meanwhile Mr Truman ar ranged to confer with Mead pres idential press secretary Charles G Ross told reporters Ross added in response to ques tions that all 3 nominees have told Mr Truman they will accept the appointments Thompson will arrive Tuesday to meet with Mead and Bell Jn creating the board with op authority over removal and res toration of price controls con gress stipulated that no morethan 2 appointees should be members of the same political party Mead is a republican and Thompson a democrat Bell says he has no par ty affiliation They will be paid at the rate of a year The boards first big assignment is to decide by Aug 20 whether meats dairy products grains cot ton seed soybeans and hundreds of products made from them should be placed back under controls at that time If it makes no decision ceilings automatical will be restored Under terms of the OPA revi val act the board must hold pub lic hearings before it makes an ruling on these commodities Th purpose of this is to obtain the views of consumer groups and in dustry representatives The revival law also bans res ioration before Aug 20 of ceiling on eggs poultry tobacco and pe troleum After that consent o the board is required to reestab lish controls The board also has sweeplnt jurisdiction over decontrol of al other commodities And it J restore ceilings on any item if i deems this necEssary Ickes Predicts Truman Nomination Believes GOP to Refuse Stasseh New York a steady turning away from Pres ident Truman he will be nomi nated for another term in 1948 un less he refuses to run former Secretary of the Interior Harold Ickes predicted Sunday night Ickes who spoke over a nation wide radio network said the pre sent trend among voters was not really a republican trend although it may have that practical result He also predicted that former Gov Harold E Stassen of Minne sota would not be nominated by the GOP in 1948 RAIN POSTPONES BASEBALL GAME Bancroft Rockwell to Play Tuesday Night SPORTS BULLETIN The baseball game between th Bancroft Lions and the Rockwe town team scheduled for Monda evening at at Roosevelt sta dium has been postponed an will be played at the same hou on Tuesday evening Heavy afl ernoon rains in Mason Cit caused the postponement Plan Livestock Show Waterloo Current live stock production and markctin problems will be aired at a 2da meeting here Nov 2223 of a mea animal show and livestock insti lute sponsored by the Waterlc Chamber of Commerce Priz money totaling will be o fered in the steer barrow an wether lamb exhibits Negro slavery was abolished Haiti in 1794 EAR SUICIDE RY BY HEIRENS Note Indicates Youth Contemplating Act Chicago jail cell guard ver William Heirens was intensi ed Monday after Sheriff Michael tulcahy reported finding a note idicating the 17yearold student Barged with 2 brutal killings was ontemplating suicide As new precautions were being aken Slates Attorney William J uohy awaited first official noti calion that Heirens is ready to onfess killing 6yearoia Suzanne egnan cxWAVE Frances Brown nd Mrs Josephine Ross a widow The sheriff said a note ad rcssed to Dear Mom and Pop ad been found Friday in a reg lar inspection of county jail cells t was hidden in a mattress Mul ahy said and contained refer nces to how he felt while in cus ody arid a few details of history The Chicago Daily Times said i a copyrighted story that the rawny defendant twice had at empted to end his life since his ncarceration in the county jail rfulcahy said however that when rens was placed in his cell his hoelaces necktie handkerchief nd other possible suicide instru ments were taken from him Heirens has been under a 24 lour guard since he was jailed COLLECTION OF FOR ROAD REPAIRS City Streets County Roads Will Benefit by State Gasoline Tax Act Approximately of gasoline taxes collected during the last year by the state treasurer from an additional 1 of tax voted by the last legislature will be available soon for construction and repair of county roads and city and town streets The Iowa supreme court Mon day announced a unanimous deci sion written by Justice L Bliss Mason City upholding the const tufionalify of the law and validat ing the ax collection Twofifths or approximately of the amount collected will be apportioned to cities and towns on the basis of population for the construction reconstruc tion repair and maintenance of roads and streets according to the law The remaining threefifths is credited to the county secondary road construction funds also on the basis of population The decision and the funds It makes available will be of par ticular importance to cities and towns it was pointed out by C E Cornwell city solicitor of Mason City because little money has been available previously for street repair Repaying and repairing of streets can now proceed in cases where the city council has not previously thought it fair to charge the cost against adjoining CATTLE AND HOG PRICES HIT HIGH Chicago UP Cattle and hog prices jumped tonew highs Mon day in several markets major livestock In Chicago oneload of prime steers went for 527 matching the alltime U S record set in Lan caster Pa July 16 St Louis Dmaha and Kansas City reported top prices of for new highs and Minneapolis equalled its record set Friday Hog prices were sharply higher at all markets excfpt St Louis Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and rather warm Monday night and Tuesday Iowa Generally fair with little change in temperature Monday night and Tuesday Minnesota Generally fair with no important temperature change Monday night and Tuesday but widely scattered thundershow ers southeast portion Monday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 84 Minimum go At 8 a m Monday 75 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum properly owners and where no other funds were available he said He mentioned specifically such streets as Carolina avenue in Ma son City Iowa had approximately 1080 000 population in cities and towns according to the 1940 census This would make available to each city and town out of the 52400000 fund approximately 222 for each person This would make Mason Citys share of the fund in the neighbor hood of Announcement of the opinion by Judge Bliss came only 11 days after the case was submitted to the court on June 18 The case was specially set for he June term by Judge Bliss then chief justice when the appeal was announced from a decision by Judge Hv D Evans of Johnson county Dec 6 1945 The original suit attempting fo enjoin the state treasurer from collecting the additional gasoline tax was brought May 24 1945 by L V Carlton a Johnson county taxpayer The law became effec tive July 4 and on July 3 Judge Evans made an order directing the state treasurer to collect the ad ditional tax and to deposit the proceeds until determination of the suit The proceeds already approx imate and increase with each gallon of gasoline purchased for motor vehicle fuel Judge Bliss pointed out Judge Evans gave his decision Dec 6 upholding the constitu tionality of the statute Attorneys for Carlton maintained both in the trial and appeal that the leg islature had violated a number of requirements of the Iowa con stitution in the procedural steps of the bills enactment Carlton still may ask the su preme court for a rehearing Carl tons attorneys said at Iowa City they would not decide on this un til they have had a chance to study the courts opinion One of the principal points of contention was whether a bill signed by the president of the senate speaker of the house and approved by the governor was conclusive evidence of its con stitutional enactment A 1934 su preme court decision had stated 72 57 GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 70 Minimum 60 At 8 a m Sunday 69 Precipitation 50 YEAR AGO Maximum 84 Minimum 51 that it was not even though com mon law rules had previously been that it was Judge Bliss opinion announced Monday readopts the earlier rule of the supreme court and common Jaw and holds that even though the journals of the legislature kept by clerks may fail to show some legislative step the statutes of Iowa as found in the code may be relied upon The supreme court announced 13 other decisions Monday in cluding 2 of interest in North Iowa The decision of Judge M H Kepler was affirmed in the Cer ro Gordo county case of the es tate of Thomas R Felle against Emma Torgerson and others In the Bremer county case of W A Rohlf against Herman Struck meyer the decision of Judge T A Beardmore was affirmed Approximately 171 bears were taken by hunters in Wyoming last years ;