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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 29, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OtMHTMENT OF AND ARCHIVE IIJfcES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL I AjForflxl and United Proa Full Five Cenls a Cony MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY JULY 29 MO S SUPERFORTS RAID MANCHURIA Yanks Win Big Tank Battle Face Ultimate Surrender Supreme Headquarters AEF armor de feated the Gelmans in a big tank battle in western Normandy Saturday and resumed the powerful drive which had cap tured Coutances and carried to the sea trapping thousands of nazi troops in a pocket to the north The first major German counteraction against the 1st army offensive fanning out through Normandy was crushed decisively in an hourslong battle of IT S Shermans and Ger man Tigers and Panthers some 11 miles south of St Lo near the east bank of the Vire river in the vicinity of TessySur Viie Other American forces sped down the highway below Coutances rolling up a gain of nearly 8 miles in the firstjfew hours and approaching Brehal road junction Normandy information at su preme headquarters late Satur day was outdated by front re ports of the big tank battle and American advances beyond the points mentioned by a spokes man here The spokesman said the Ameri cans captured St Malo De La Lande 3y2 miles northwest of Coutances and reached the coast in that area They reached the area of Lengronne 2Vs miles west Reds in Outskirts of Warsaw CTORMDEFENSE OF CITY AFTER 25MILE DASH the of St DenisLeGast and south east of St Lo advanced a mile in the area of St Jean Des Baisants United Press Correspondent Henry T Gorrell reported from the front that U S armor in its first big tank engagement since theSicilia campaign broke up a concentration of nazi panzers and put the remnants flight After German plastered the entire area of the tank battle a German armoredcolumn struck in th darkness at3 in an attemptto break up ajparade of Sherrnans southward heart of After hours of savage lighting the panzers pulled out and when Gorrell filed the dispatch at p m were retreating under a hail of bombs dropped by U S planes as the interrupted sweep picked up new momentum The setting for the tank battle was dramatic A large number of Germans were trying to escape from the area north of the Tessy Brehal highway and their chances depended on the battle No doubt there will be plenty of disillusioned Germans among those captured in the next few hours Gorrell said The famous Norman hedges YANKS RAID PALAU AGAIN Tokyo Radio Says 500 Planes Attacked By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Tokyo radio had other bad news to report attack by 500 carrierbased planes upon Palau Friday and a simultaneous strike by 20 carrier planes south of Palau There was no allied confirmation of these raids Amer can carrier planes attacked Palau 530 miles east of the Philippines Tuesday and Wednesday destroy ing 26 Japanese planes and sink ing a destroyer and 7 smaller ves Report Germans Will Make No Attempt to Hold East of Warsaw Moscow tanks and upon which the Germans had re lied to hold back the U S armor boomeranged on the nazis This time it was the giant tigers and panthers instead of the American forces that were at a disadvan tage for it is the attacking side that holds the short end of the stick in this kind of country Gorrell reported The German tanks were sup ported by 88millimeter guns U S antitank guns also played a major role In the battle There were casualties on both sides Gor rell said without estimating their extent One V S command post was overrun in the first phase of the fight Tanks and tank destroyers weaved in and out the hedge rows firing fast and blasted the sels In the Marianas Americans on Guam killed 2COO Japanese in beating down an enemy countei attack early Tuesday and then moved to within athird pia mile of Agana the capital city Marines on Tinian 125 miles north of Guam advanced 3 miles with the loss of less than a score of men and took possession of all the northern half of the island Its conquest cost the lives of less than 100 marines Japanese deaths were at the ratio of 20 to 1 Tinian already has yielded one of the richest prizes in the Mar great Ushi airdrome from which observation planes al ready are operating The American beachhead at Port Apra Guam expanded northward toward Agana and flowed inland 2 miles to encompass 3 high points The Yanks also pushed 500 yards farther out on the Orote penin sula where an estimated 2000 Japanese are trapped at Orote air strip and Sumay naval base Jap anese killed in the Marianas cam paign to date Saipan 21036 Guam 4700 Tinian more than 2000 On Chinas Yunnan front Chi nese troops fought into the su burbs of Tengchung main Japa nese base In the spreading battle of Hunan B29S BLAST JAPS IN raid on the Japanese military and industrial area surrounding Mukden in Manchuria was made by huge U S Super fortresses like the one pictured Arrows indicate position of the planes twin bomb bays which were described for the first time recently The exact bomb capacity of the huge planes is still a secret but it is known that a mechanism drops bombs alternately from the bays World War II This Week By UNTIED PRESS The Russian avalanche swept irresistibly westward towards Ger many ihis week engulfing fortress after fortress and rolling to the gates of Warsaw In the west United States forces smashed through the German lines in Normandy perhaps the first stages of an allied breakthrough which may soon see British Canadian and United States troops roll ing toward Paris and Berlin the other arm of a gigantic nut cracker obstacles path A from the American good number of Ger man tigers and panthers were knocked out and some Shermans were disabled Employing the famous leapfrog tactics used and perfected by Lt Gen George S Blood and Guts Patton Jr in Sicily the west coast armored column and at least 3 others inland swept across the Sienne and Soulle ously mentioned ai possible enemy defense tgulfed or by passed scores of towns and villages in what was developing into one of the greatest American victories of the war Though the early stages of their retreat were chaotic the Germans now appeared to be conducting an orderly withdrawal along the en tire western half of the front so rapidly that indications were they may not halt for a stand shprt of Avranches at the hinge of the Normandy and Brittany penin sulas 25 miles south of Coutances The Germancontrolled Scandin avian telegraph bureau said the Americans were attacking with 10 to 12 tank estimated 2500 an offensive ap parently designed to smash into the heart of France in an attempt to split the German armies in two and clear the southern flank for a drive on Paris province both sides rushed up tanks and Infantry but the key rail city of Hengyang remained in Chinese hands Warhawk fighter planes supported the Chinese de Tenders of Pingsiang Kiangsi province town 95 miles northwest of Hengyang A ChineseAmerican composite bombardment wing claimed de struction of 34 Japanese planes on the ground at an airfield near Tungting lake in northern Hunan Friday MINESWEEPER Washington UR SUNK The navy Saturday announced the loss of the minesweeper Swerve which was sunk in the Mediterranean recently as the result of enemy action Weather Report In Italy the allied armies were closing in on the German Gothic line in the mountains across the peninsula the last probable en emy defense stand short of the Alps Allied air forces maintained their day and night pounding of Germany and vital targets throughout Europe meeting little effective resistance from the crip pled luftwaffe Germanys re maining air weapon appeared to be the robot bombs which wreaked their blind fury on Eng lish civilians and property In the Pacific the Japarese likewise took heavy blows United States forces proceeded methodi cally with the conquest of Guam and Tinian Sea and air power made itself felt throughout the enemys island holdings and B29 Superfortresses made their first assault on the industrial strong hold of Manchuria Developments of the week in cluded On Sunday soviet forces cap tured Pskov last prewar Rus sian city in German hands They also reached the San river on a 35mile front east and north of Jaroslaw and fought their way into Lublin Kiel German naval base was attacked by 1000 Brit ish heavy bombers and Berlin was hit again by twinengined Mos quitoes Attack and counter attack marked the fighting in Normandy with little important change The 5th army in Italy Americans captured Coutances and pushed on nearly 8 miles to the south In Italy the 8th army pushed the Germans back to within a miles of Florence Super fortress B29s bombed the Japa nese steel center of Anshan in Manchuria FORECAST Iowa Fair Saturday night and Sunday Monday partly cloudy Warmer Sunday Continued warm Monday Mason City Fair Saturday night Sunday partly cloudy and war mer Minnesota Fair and continued tillery barrage The British 2nd army meanwhile had difficulty holding against strong German counterattacks below Caen The allies in Italy strengthened their positions along the Arno and pressed slowly closer to Florence The Russians completed the en circlement of Lwow in lower Po land and smashed to within miles of the Vistula southeast of Warsaw Hitler ordered total mo bilization of Germany and the occupied countries under Marshal Hermann Goering and Paul Jo seph Goebbels in a desperate at tempt to delay Germanys defeat On Wednesday the Americans smashed the Germans back in Normandy breaking through their lines in advances of up to 1 miles Below Caen the Germans recap tured several towns and positions in counterattacks The Russians captured Deblin on the Vistula and Narva in northern Estonia The 8th army in Italy drove to within 8 miles of Florence Brit ish bombers made another heavy night attack on Stuttgart and also hit Berlin Bremen and a syn thetic oil plant in the Ruhr American forces on Guam closed in on the Japanese trapped in the Orote peninsula and completed occupation the northern end of Tinian On Thursday the Russians scored their most smashing suc cesses of the war capturing Husband Acted as If She Didnt Exist ActlCSS WlIlS cavalry reached the southeastern outskirts of Warsaw and were storming the defenses of the Pol ish capital Saturday after a 25 mile dash up the east bank of the Vistula river A London Daily Express dis patch from Stockholm quoted a German spokesman that the Ger man army will make no stand east of Front reports said German re sistance southeast of Warsaw had evaporated as never before on the eastern front as Marshal Konstan tin Rokossovsky hurled his power ful first White Russian army against the capital on a 20 mile arc curving from the east bank of the Vistula to the northeast While one column speared through to the southeastern out skirts another drove to within a few miles of the Minsk Maz rail way station 18 miles east of War saw on the railway from Siedlce Rokossovsky appeared to be concentrating the enure strength assault on Warsawalone the east bank of the Vistula and reports published abroad that his forces had crossed the river In amphibious trucks have proved without foundation His immediate objective pre sumably was the cast bank su burb of Praga controlling all rail ways running into Warsaw from the cast Two bridges span the Vistula from Praga to Warsaw proper on the west bank The fall of the bypassed strong hold of Brest Litovsk 115 miles east of Warsaw Kokossovskys leased huge additional forces for Japs Acknowledge Attack on Great Industrial Area Site of Iron Steel Works BULLETIN U S B29 Base Western China big force of American Superfortresses smashed by daylight Saturday at the great Japanese steel center of Anshan 55 miles west of Mukden in Manchuria and left it blotched with blackened ruins the rebuilding of which officials estimated would take a full year Washington B29 Superfortress bomb ers struck a mighty blow for the cause of embattledChina Saturday blasting the fabulous industrialmilitary center in the Mukden area of ground of World war II and Japans arsenal of greater east Asia The first United Press flash from a secret Superfortress base in western China said the B29s attacked Anshan big iron and steel center and site of the Shown steel works the largest iron and steel mill in Manchuria The raid was acknowledged Saturday by Tokyo radio which named Anshan and Airen in the Mukden region as the cities hit and claimed that one of the big planes had been shot down by antiaircraft fire The Japanese broadcast recorded by the FCC came a lit tle more than 4 hours after the war department announced the raid In an Italian lan guage broadcast Tokyo said no damage was inflicted on industrial installations and only slight damage was caused to civilian districts Anshan is an industrial city of 200000 in the Mukden region while Daircit with a population of 250000 is about 250 miles to the south near Port Arthur on the Kwangtung peninsula Tokyo complained that its pup pet state Manchukuo has not declared war on the AngloAmer icans and this is the first raid by the American air lorce on Man Allies Push Within Sight of Florence Rome Deserthardened New Zealand veterans have cracked nazi defenses south of Florence and knifed their way into the last mountain line only 5 miles from the historic city allied head quarters announced Saturday The breakthrough provoked strong German counterattacks and bitter lighting was reported in the hills overlooking Florence The momentum of the savage counterthrusts by nazi infantry and Tiger tanks swept the leading company New Zealanders back 600 yards but official reports said the enemy then was brought to a halt and positions in the hills were being firmly Tielfi The New Zealand advance took off from a bridgehead over the small Pcsa river at Cerbaia The threat to Florence also grew ns South African troops crossed the Greve river 2 miles south of Impruneta which is only miles from the citys boundaries Aside from the bitter fighting in the New Zealandcis sector there was scant fighting of conse quence Friday along the remain der of the Italian front Official reports said the situa tion on the 5th army front was unchanged with American and chukuo It charged that American short wave radio Buy yonr War Bonds and Stamps from year GlobeGazette rarrier boy cool except not so cool extreme northwest portion Saturday night Sunday partly cloudy and warmer with scattered thundcrshowers northwest por tion N MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 78 Minimum Friday 54 At 8 a m Saturday 60 YEAR AGO Maximum 88 Minimum 64 Precipitation 25 established itself along the south bank of the river Arno and ad vance units drove into the south ern part of Pisa In the Pacific it was announced that United States marines had landed on Tinian island in the Marianas On Monday the Russians cap tured Lublin and Lukow to the north of it crossed the San river at several points and cut the rail way from Brest Litovsk to War saw British night bombers made a smashing attack on Stuttgart and Berlin was hit again by mos quitoes Allied forces in Italy pushed to within 12 miles of Florence Heavy fighting was re newed on the Normandy front be low Caen American troops on Guam completed isolation of the Orote peninsula and made good progress on Tinian On Tuesday the Americans opened a new drive between St Lo and Periers in Normandy un der cover of a terrific air and ar Daugavpils Siauliai Rezekne Bialystok Lwow and Stanislawow among more than 1 500 places The American drive in Normandy developed into a real breakthrough as armored forces took Lessay and Periers smashed to within 4 miles of Cou tances and threatened to cut off 7 German divisions above that town On Friday American tanks and infantry drove to the outskirts of Coutances where 2 columns joined in an effort to close the German avenue of escape along the west coast The Russians drove to within 20 miles of Warsaw captured Brest Litovsk cast of the Polish capital and took the twin fortresses of Przemysl and Jaroslaw in southern Poland The British 8th army in Italy opened a broad front and advanced an offensive on below Florence slowly through strong defenses On Saturday the Russians drove to the outskirts of Warsaw and were storming the citys outer defenses after a 25 mile dash up the east bank of the Vistula The to elements of German artillery continuing a due the assault on the capital and its across the lower Arno river No early capture was anticipated either side was shelling the city The Russian push across south of Pisa after a plea by Pope Pius ern Poland toward Krakow and consideration of its historical German Silesia also was Hollywood Uffl and religious significance ing momentum following the cap lure Friday of the twin strong from the husband she said treated DOUBLE TROUBLE holds of Przemysl and Jaroslaw her as if she really didnt exist Pittsboro Ind was bad on the San river by Marshal Ivan said Franklin Schenck to S Konevs first Ukrainian army final divorce decree Friday after be pinned beneath his automobile testifying that H Dawson San ders coast guard warrant officer But what really made him sore was the fact he was in the thick Stamps from your GlobeGazette whom she married of a poison ivy patch limed her acting the an nounced the raid while it was in progress and concluded that this showed the American flyers were out for propaganda results rather than war results Bearing boldly over their rich targets by daylight the giant bombers presumably China tons of explo sives upon an area studded with heavy industries which produce mnny of the weapons that have been turned upon the Chinese during the past 7 years Here too is the principal stamp ing ground of Japans crack Kwantung army which has held Manchuria in an iron grip under the Nipponese war lords The darine aerial strike the 3rd made by B29s within 6 weeks against vital Japanese mil itary and industrial objectives was announced by the war de partment in an earlymorning communique which gave no de tails It said only Superfortresses of the 20th GEN EISENHOWER GETS LOWDOWN FROM G IS Dwight D Eisenhower front left center pausing on a trip to Normandy where he flew for onthespot reports of the new offensive against the Germans talks about G I rations and living conditions in the field with Sgt Frank Short Detroit and Pfc Joseph Sharkey Lowell Mass 4th and 3rd from right as other Yanks listen AP Wirephoto Kayenay engraving bomber command attacked in day light Saturday industrial objec tives in the Mukden area Man churia No further details are available at this time It wns the first time that the fury of the awesome bombers has been turned loose against Man churia where the present World war had its origin 13 years ago in the famed Mukden incident that started Japan on her since frustrated plan of world conquest And it was the first time they ventured over an enemy target in daylight for an attack in force In their 2 previous attacks against Japanese Imperial steel works at Yawala on Japan proper last June 15 and against Yawala again and the big naval base of Sasebo on July they dropped their lethal loads under cover by darkness This was not the first attack in force by B20s on continental Asia The Superfortresses which hit Kyushu island in the Japanese home group the 2nd time also blasted port facilities at Laoyao supply port on the North China coast and Hankow principal sup ply base for Japanese operations in eastern China The 2 previous B29 raids were concentrated chiefly against steel and shipbuilding and repair re sources They apparently were designed Japans dling seapower and possibly smoke out the imperial navy for the longawaited showdown sea battle The Mukden raid however ap parently was aimed at the ene mys power on land since it strikes at the jugular vein Japans war of conquest in China As such it marks a new phase in the 7ycar war in China and may prove to be the most import ant blow yet struck for the criti cal Chinese cause and a vital one for he entire allied cause as well It comes as Chinese troops arc struggling desperately to prevent the Japanese invaders from sealing off the China coast Scarcely a fortnight ago American leaders expressed deep concern over the grave military situation there President Roosevelt said recently that the war in China was going badly Subsequently Vice Presi dent Henry A Wallace reported after a visit to Russia and China i r v d ;