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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 29, 1943, Mason City, Iowa OCPASTMEKT HISTORY NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AWL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHftOKS MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JULY HOME EDITION iTTTrm THSS PAPER CONSISTS OP TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE cAjfeit uonblSTS OF TWO SECTIONS ONENO 251 ilSiNHOWERTOITALY OUST NAZIS Badoglio Wauls Nazis Out and Italians Home Before Seeking Peace By ROGER GREENE Associated Press War Editor Dispatches from Madrid said Italian troops were trying to block the entry of nazi reinforcements Win northern Italy but there was indication Thursday that they swere succeeding 3 Madrid heard that Italian regular troops aided by civil J ians and rajlwaymen turned H saboteurs were locked in vio A lent fighting with nazi forces north of Milan and Turin after Hitler was said to have rushed 18 up to 150 000 France to I guard the to river defense line i SwissItalian frontier reports said that despite al denials to the contrary discussions were contin uing in Vatican City looking to ward an armistice Marshal Pietro Badoglio the newItalian premier was said to be hoping to arrive at terms which would not involve occupation the Italian mainland London reported there were indications that Marshal Ba doglio was seeking to get Ger man troops out of southern Italy and Italian forces back from the to the an tnnMice Premier Badogho strove with little apparent success to quell tho wildfire of disorders and save the nation from chaos Swiss border reports said hun dreds had been killed in wide spread riots and that tension was mounting hourly While the Rome radio still in sisted that the new Badoglio rej gime intended to continue the war YANKS SCORE Croats Slovenes Reported 251T crowds in Milan Turin Genoa and other cities kept up their shouts of peace and bittei lighting erupted throughout the nation Running a high fever ot hatred for their fascist oppressors civil ians were reported mobbing blackshirts in widespread re venge hunts Virginio Gayda once known as ExPremier Mus solinis press spokesman was re ported to have been killed in one of these outbreaks A BBC report however said Gayda had been ar rested and charged with high trea son along with Roberto Farinacci former secretarygeneral the fascist party and Mario Appelius Home radio commentator Gangs of outlawed fascist militia clashed with regular Ital ian army troops at Milan birth place of fascism communists demonstrated in many cities and a weller of peace parades riots strikes and rising political agita tion brought Ihe kingdom lo the verge of civil war Reflecting dissatisfaction with Badogho a German foreign office spokesman was quoted as a new government in Rome would probably develop before the end of the week Berlin mentioned Crown Prince Umberto as a rally ing point for a new regime Meanwhile Turkish reports said German troops had seized direct military command from Italian forces throughout Greece and i Bern heard that revolt and sabo age were spreading to the Bal ans Embittered over bloody losses uffered in fighting for Adolf Kit ers war machine on the Russian rent Hungarian workers in udapest were reported ctemon raling sgainst Germany and de nanding a more constitutional overnment Antinazi organizations in Ru ania quickened Iheir activities suiting in police raids against Jem in Bucharest Dispatches from Istanbul said IB Bulgarian crisis was growing er more serious amid signs tat Bulgaria might be the first alkan satellite to break away om the axis if Italy surrendered he situation was described as so nse that a minor incident might uch off a revolution IX ESSENTIAL INDUSTRY DES MOINES Lee eyser Des Moines area direc for the war manpower com ission reported Thursday that orkcrs are being placed in es cntial war industry here at the ale of I DO to ISO per dav Down 57 Jap Planes Over Chinese Territory CHUNGKING UP American lyers shot down 57 Japanese wanes and probably 42 others over Chinese territory in live days ending Tuesday inflicting better than 25tol losses on en emy airmen a communique from Lt Gen Joseph W Stilwells headquarters said Tuesday Only four planes from the 14th U S airforce were lost and one combat flyer was killed in action the communique said American Mitchell bombers were reported to have inflicted heavy damage on Japanese mili tary installations at Hong Kong Tuesday in the first raid on the port since last November It what was described as a counterattack to a Japanese of fensive against American airbases m eastern China 14th airforce planes hit Pailochi airfield at Hankow an important staging area and scored heavy damage Sunday and Monday Liberator gunners destroyed nine zeros and escorting P40 pilots got four more and 13 others probably were de stroyed The other planes were shot down during a concentrated raid by liberators on shipping in Sa mah bay off Hainan island south of China where direct hits were scored on a 3500 ton and a 6000 ton ship The docks at Samah were pounded heavily Destruction of 13 zeros was confirmed and four more prob ably destroyed Demonstrating German and Italian Troops Are Rushed to Fiume and Trieste BERN and Ger man troops were reported rushed Thursday to Fiume and Trieste where Croats and Slovenes were demonstrating for separation of the Istrian peninsula from Italy and the situation in other eastern sections of the kingdom was de scribed as tense newspaper dispatches Swiss told of the crisis in Istna soil which Italy annexed from Aus troHungary after World War 1 It juts into the Adriatic sea be tween Italy and the Croatian coast The Bemer Taswacht said Croats and Slovenes who num ber 600000 on the peninsula were demanding the inclusion of Istria in a south Slav state Additional clashes between fas cists and antifascists were re ported as Premier Marshal Pie tro Badoglio strutted to main tain order and save the country from chaos News of an insurrection in Mi an was partly blacked out Thurs day by Badoglios military cen sorship However a dispatch Chiasso Switzerland said strikes in the Milan had assumed industrial important sroportions with communists attacking the monarchy Walls in northern spit e Badoglios restrictions ol lacarding and re ported plastered with inscriptions bearing the words Mussolini is the war must be liquidated Long live the social republic A British radio broadcast corded by CBS said Thursday the families of numerous fascist of ficials were reported to have arrived by plane in Reports reaching the Swiss bor der said that hundreds of per sons had been killed in wide spread riots and that tension was growing hourly The crux of Thursdays tense situation as analyzed from all re ports was that Badoglio appeared determined to carry on the war against the allies in accordance with his original proclamation of last Sunday To do this he was counting on the army and the huge reserves ot materials cached at the big arsenals at Klagenfurt Austria which apparently have been placed at his disposal by Germany This report was con firmed it was said by the sud den increase in heavy traffic through the Brenner pass into Italy Official Italian circles have made it known that Badoclio hopes in accordance with his discussions with nazi leaders to fight a slowing down action against the allies in Sicily in order to give the axis time to extricate itself from the pre carious situation created by Mussolinis abrupt removal from power Allied Planes Continue to Pound Axis LONDON URJ Allied aerial squadrons resumed attacks in considerable strength against axis targets in Europe Thursday fol lowing up a recordbreaking of fensive in which British and American bombers dropped some 9500 tons of explosives in five days and nights Fighters and bombers roared across the Dover straits in sunny weather and RAF fighters de stroyed three enemy fighters in preliminary skirmishes without loss to themselves The air minis try said that a Canadian beau tsgnter squadron Wednesday shot down two enemy planes Though there was no air min istry announcement of Wednesday nights activity a German broad cast acknowledged that a few bombs were dropped on northern and western areas No damage resulted the broadcast claimed Waves of heavy British bombers were heard crossing the southeast coast Wednesday night Formations of American flying fortresses climaxed the aerial of fensive Wednesday with their deepest penetration of Germany to date flying upwards or 1000 miles round trip to blast a fighter aircraft factory at Oschersleben only 95 miles southwest of Berlin A German broadcast said some bombs were dropped in residen tial district of Berlin in daylight Wednesday causing damage but this was not confirmed by any al lied source Another groupot fortresses si multanexHisIy attacked a fighter swcrattivories south of unescort ed fourengined bombers encoun tered large numbers of German fighters on both flights but shot down at least 60 Twentythree fortresses were lost Report Italians Try to Block Nazi Arrivals HITLER SENDING MEN TO DEFEND PO VALLEY LINE tents and 23 BIDS FILED ON AIRPORT JOB U S Officials to Make Award in 2 Weeks Bids for construction of the Mason City municipal airport re ceived Wednesday by the civi aeronautics administration a Kansas City ranged in total from 3498000 to according o information retrieved here Wednesday evening A total of 23 contractors submit ed bids on the grading drainage paving of the two runways some of the bids being for one portion and others being for the complete project Alternate bids ilso were taken for concrete am bituminous paving For this rca CAA officials indicated il voukl be impossible for several days to say which was lie low bid CAA engineers in Ihe Kansas City district office must analyze the bids and make a recommenda tion to federal officials in Wash ington D C who will review the bids and indicate to which contractor or group of contractors the work should be awarded This procedure is likely to take two weeks it was stated in Kansas City Announcement of the successful bidders will be made by the Kan sas City office Jso Mason City contractors bid on either grading drainage or paving according to members of the local delegation who attended the letting Mayor Carl Grupp Councilmen Ray E Paulcy and John Gallagher City Manager Herbert T Barclay and three members of theMason City Chamber of Commerce Charles E Strickland B A Webster and Lee P Loomis made the trip to Kansas City 20 PERSONS DIE WHEN AIRLINES PLANE CRASHES Injured Man Stumbles Into Kentucky Home to Summon Aid in Tragedy BOWLING GREEN Ky lie Ail American airlines plane en route from Louisville to Nashville crashed and burned at Trammel Ky 20 miles southeast of here Wednesday night and first reports persons Weather Report FORECAST MASON warm much change in Friday forenoon CITY Not quite so Thursday night not temperature Slightly cooler Thursday night not much change in tem perature Friday forenoon MINNESOTA Cooler Thursday night and Firday forenoon IN MASON CITY JlobcGaxette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday gg Minimum Wednesday night 64 At S a m Thursday 73 Rain 25 inch said 20 persons were killed Two severely injured were in a hospital here The crash occurred about p m central time in a remote section of Allen county near the KentuckyTennessee border First word of the crash came when First Lt Glenn W Fel Unvs attached to Live field Texas who was a passenger on the plane stumbled to the door of a farm house threequarters of a mile from the scene and summoned help Farmers in the neighborhood took Fellows and another passenger S K Hoff man 41 of Williamsporl Fa to a Bowling Green hospital Hoffman told hospital attend ants that the plane was flyin through unfavorable weather and there was no indication of any trouble until the huge ship struck the ground Hoffman and Lieuten nne Fellows were thrown clear of the plane and apparently were the only survivors City PatrolmanWiliigmALLyle who was onduty near the hos pital where the two injured men were brought talked with J H Claypool of Trammel one of the farmers who helped bring the two men to Bowling Green and quoted Claypool as saying that when lie first heard the plane it appeared to be flying quite high and then it suddenly started com ing down with a mighty roar Allen County Sheriff L A Williams said the plane hit in a field and ploughed along Ihe ground for a quarter of a mile The sheriff said 10 bodies were visible in Ihe wreckage but no effort would be made lo remove them until after an inquest Thursday morning by Ihe cor oner Or H o Miller The sheriff said fire swept the entire plane and described the wreckage as one of the worst things I hiive ever seen Sheriff Williams said agents o the federal bureau of investigation took charge of the wreckage The transport left Louisville Ky for Nashville Terni at 354 p m CWT piloted by Capt Harry A Stiller of Cleveland Ohio according lo American Air lines The plane was m last heard CWT at from at r Smith Grove Ky The dead inclled three cvcw members a pilot acting as an ob serving member of the crew and 16 passengers Among the latter was a baby FREE COFFEE FROM RATIONING More Sugar Soon Is Hinted by President WASHINGTON ing and antisub successes poured unrationed coffee into Americas cup for breakfast Thursday morn left a hint of more sugar soon The end of coffee approximately seven months after it announced Wed nesday night by President Roose velt in his address lo the nation He added that we also expect that within l short time we shall get greatly increased allowances of sugar lie termed the developments a tangible result of vast increases in available shipping space and jreater success in the war against Uboats Shortly after his speech the war ood administration and office of ricc administration issued a joint statement saying the termination ol coffee rationing would take ef ect Thursday and that the na ions stocks of green coffee are at a satisfactory level The two agencies said the re ease ot the first major food com modity from rationing illustrates he policy of adjusting the ration ng program whenever circum itances permit Allied Force Is 75 Miles From Messina BULLETIN LONDON The German radio reported Thursday that axis forces had abandoned Ni cosia Sicily about seven anil onehalf miles north of fallen Leonfartc By KELMAN MORIN ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA American and Canadian troops pushing steadily into northeastern Sicily under raging aerial support have captured four more towns includ ing the vital central road junction of Leonforte and have inflicted heavy casualties on stubbornly retreating axis forces the allies announced Thursday Canadian columns smnshed their way lo Leonfortc eight miles northeast of Enria in fierce fighting while the American sev enth army pounding eastward down the coast from Palermo captured the towns of Pollina Castelbuono and Gangi With the occupation of Pol liiia representing a oneday ad vance of about eight miles from the port of Cefalu which was taken the previous day the American armored spearhead had reached a point only 75 miles from Messina jiimpini off place for axis forces defend ing he island Castelbuono and Gangi are in land towns on an approximate line between Pollina and Leon forte and announcement of their fall disclosed that the American Canadian eastward push was a coordinated dovetailing advance that the enemy apparently was powerless to stop Thursdays brief munique telling of progress of this drive made no mention of the fighting around Catania southern anchor of the axis Mt Etna defense line where the British 8th army has been stalled against the enemys stub born defense for nearly a week The right wing of the American onrush over a 40mile front was about 12 miles from Leonforte from which the Canadians were driving forward Beating back elite regiments of ihe 15th German armored divis ion the Canadians found nai dead piled in heaps on the out skirts ol one unnamed city an of ficial report said Capture of Leonforte cut the important northsouth highway which is well behind axis lines on the north coast and has been a major artery for movements of troops between the enemy center and left wine San Stefano northern anchor lie axis defense line is 10 miles east ol the American forward ele nents This town and Nicosia seven miles east of Leonforte are he next key points along the American and Canadian advance Their capture virtually would clear the entire central and north ern areas of the Etna line and initiate the final critical stage of the campaign in the complex loot hills and mountains near Messina Will Complete Conquest Soon WASHINGTON Tile con quest of Sicily probably will be complete in a few days acting allied com the steady Secretary of War terson predicted Robert P Pat Thursday de spite the strong resistance of the German troops in the northeast ern part of the island and the inforced recently Patterson saitl the ouster of Benito Mussolini was a political development and its military significance is not yd clear So far as we know he added at a press conference no formal or informal overtures looking to peace have been made lo the allies by the new Italian regime Until there is an offer of sur render you may be sure the al lies will continue to press the war on Italy with all the vigor of which we arc capable There is no doubt I think that that might accelerate their speed in trying to act out of the war Dcspilc the indications that Italy may collapse Patterson noted there are reports that Ger man troops are now fortifying the region above the Po river in northern Italy occupying strong positions which would present great difficulties lo an attacking force However an llalian collapse would be a serious blow to Hitler Patterson said Germany has used Italian troops to garrison captive countries including the policing of Jugoslavia and Greece per mitting Hitler to use his own di visions on fighting fronts Gar risoning of these countries would be an uncomfortable problem for Hitler U S GENERAL LISTS 5 POINTS IN BROADCASTS Says German Army It Only Obstacle in Path of Honorable Peace ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA D wight D Eisenhower told the Italian people in a broadcast mes sage Thursday that the presence of German troops in Italy is the only obstacle to a n honorable pence The American j commander of allied forces promised that the hundreds ot thousands o t Italian prison ers held by the allies would be returned to their homes EISENHOWER Provided all al lied prisoners IKW in Italian hands were re stored safety and not taken away mlo Germany He said that the Italians would iavi immediate peace under the honorable conditions which our governments have already offered you and pledged that the occu pation would be mild and benefi cent as in Sicily Your men will return to their normal life productive avoca tions he said The ancient lib erties and traditions of youicoun try will be restored General Eisenhower brought out these five points 1 Only the Germans in Italy are blocking peace 2 Cessation of hostilities is pos sible immediately under honor able terms 3 Discontinuance of assistance by the Italians to German armed forces is a prerequisite of peace 4 A pledge thai Italian war prisoners will be returned if allied prisoners in Italian hands also are returned 5 If hostilities cease the liber ties and traditions of Italy will be restored We commend Ihe Italian people und the house of Savoy for ridding themselves of Mus solini the man who involved them in he uar as a tool of Hitler and brought them lo the verge of disaster General Eis ctiiiowcr said i This was the lirst official mes sage from any allied leader corn Bending Ihe royal house of Italy or its part in Mussolinis removal It was disclosed in London this week that General Eisenhower lad been entrusted with full au thority lo deal with any peace General Bisenhosver told 1he lalian people that in removinc 3remicr Mussolini from power they had removed the greatest ob stacle dividing the Italian people from the united nations The only remaining obstacle on he road lo peace is the German who is still oi Italian soil he said Vou want pence he told the talians You can have peace im mediately and peace under honor able conditions which our govern ments have already offered you A London dispatch reported that heavy jamming by axis radio interfered with reception of the broadcast in the British We arc coming to you as liber ators the American commander of allied forces in north Africa and Sicily told Ihe Italians and he added Your part is to cease im mediately any assistance to Ger man military in your country If you do this we will rid you of he Germans and de liver you from Ihe horrors of war if ancient traditions and lib erties oC your country will be re turned he said As you have already een in Sicily our occu pation will be mild and benefi Tiie Eisenhower message was read uninterruptedly for two hours in Italian French German and English and a special pro gram in Italian was scheduled for every fifteen minutes containing the main points oC his message The references to the honor able conditions for peace already offered the Italians apparently re ferred to the joint message which President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill addressed to the Italian people on July 17 It said sole hope for Italys sur vival lies in honorable capitula tion lo the overwhelming power ;