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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 28, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT Of 8 Y AND ARCHIVE 11 ites THE NEWSPAPER THAT HOME EDITION MAKES NORTH tOWANS NEIGHBORS VOLL Associated Pros and United Press Full Leased Wins Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JULY 28 1944 This Paper Consists of Two One NO RED DRIVE ENGULFS MORE CITIES Yanks Trap Germans on Normandy Front 2000 PLANES BATTER HEART OF GERMANY YANKSADVANCE WITHIN 2 MILES OF VITAL CITY Tanks Plunge Deep Into Heart of Nazi Defenses Tighten Hold BULLETIN With the American Army at Coutances can armored columns captured TessySurVire and reached the outskirts of late Friday as the prisoner bag for the 4day offensive went over 4000 Supreme Headquarters Al lied Expeditionary Force flood tide of Ameri can tanks and armor 20 miles wide poured through the gap in the Normandy lines Friday to within 2 miles of Cou tances field dispatches said threatening that choke point of disorderly German retreat with imminent capture LC GenOmarN Sradleys spearheads slashing motethan 11 arid behind Me enemy flanks had cut the 84th German army corps into little knots of resistance But many 61 the corps appar ently had escaped already from the Coutances pocket where Brit ish newspapers estimated 50000 to 70000 of the enemy were be ing pressed against the sea With allied flyers reporting scenes of chaotic retreat rivaling Marshal Erwin Rommels debacle in North Africa more than a year aso the van of Bradleys 6 spear heads reached at least to within 3 miles of Coutances from the northeast supreme headauarters said Field dispatches said the Americans held heights overlook ing the town To the north a column wending through boobytrapped L e s s a y pressed down upon the withdraw ing enemy for a gain of 2 miles to Marguerin and another ticked off a 4mile gain from Periers to Corbuchon Corbuchon is 7 miles north of Coutances A German broadcast said the Americans already had crossed the Soulles river running through Allies Strike 5 New Blows at Shrinking Jap Empire in Pacific Palau Raided BATTLE FOR PISA BEGINS 8th Army Plunges Ahead to Florence Rome 8th army plunged steadily on toward Flor ence Friday against stiff German resistance veteran New Zealand troops capturing the town of San Casciano only 7 airline miles BY THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Tfce shrinking Japanese empire bled Friday from 5 new allied thrusts including a devastating U S stab into the Carolines which wiped out 10 ships and 26 planes and reduced Palau as a stumbling block on the allied road back to the Philippines On 8 sea and land battlefields the best Japan could manage was a standoff against the under dog Chinese at Hengyang Allied victories were scored at Palau Truk Sabang and on Chinas 2 battlefronts Carrier planes of a fast Ameri can task force raided Palau and other western Carolina bases for 2 days July sinking a destroyer an oiler a destroyer escort oE minelayer 7 cargo ves sels and many smaller craft On the first day 26 planes were de stroyed On the 2nd no enemy interceptors were seen Five U S planes were lost but 4 pilots were saved Islands attacked were Arakadesan Peleliu A n g a u r Malakaland Koror in the Palau group and Yap and UHthi which are between Palau and Guam Adm Chester Nimitz told of the raid Thursday night Another stinging blow inflicted by bombers of Gen Douglas Mac Arthurs command sunk one ship and fired 3 others of a 5ship convoy 160 miles south of Truk The 5th vessel escaped Ai3rd sea blow by a British directed fleet hit Sabang at the northwest Sumatra and wrecked its harbor vital to con trol of the Japanese supply line to Burma via Singapore London announced Friday in addition that British submarines destroyed 21 Japanese supply and other ships in far eastern waters recently and damaged several by torpedo and gunfire Allied land successes nearly matched these clearcut sea vic tories On Guam and Tinian in the Marianas U S troops pressed the isolated enemy garrisons closer toannihilation The Tinian invaders killing 19 Japs to every marine slain held a 3rd of the Ploesti Oil Fields in Romania Also Blasted by Allies artillery duelled across the Arno river in the opening stage of the battle for New Zealand troops also were reported fighting in the vicinity of island and were putting Ushi air field in shape for American use Tinian casualties 2089 known Japanese dead 159 U S dead 441 wounded 32 missing in 6 days of fighting Nimitz issued no new word on the Guam fighting but a war correspondent said Apra harbor a 4700 foot airfield and the old Cerbaia 8 miles southwest of Florj ence and only 6 miles from the Arno On their left Indian units made one of Thursdays most substantial gains punching 3 miles northwest from Monte Sjertolitoward the Arno valley Still furtherwest other 8th army forces stabbed to within 4 miles ot Empoli on the Arno 28 miles east of Pisa On the Adriatic end of the front Polish troops pushed patrols across the Misa river under heavy enemy artillery and mortar fire and for ward elements reported fighting in the outskirts of Seni gallia at the rivers mouth In the course of their swift ad vance to the Misa the Poles occu pied the towns of Mandriola San Angelo Filetto and Ostgo The Germans continued to lay dense smoke serenes to conceal their activities along the north bank of the Amo river especially on the right wing of the 5th army Lower downstream big guns rumbled incessantly as American batteries hammered away at en emy troop concentrations and sup ply dumps while the nazis replied with heavy bursts of artillery fire BULLETIN Rome S Liberators and Fortresses made their 12th raid ou Ploesti Friday bombing the Ro manian oil center through a dense smokescreen put up by the Ger mans More than 500 bombers took part and crewmen said explo sions and fires arose from the tar get The attackwas made a few hours after RAF night bombers had attacked Floesti London Flying Fortresses 1000 strong smashed at targets in central Germany Fri day under escort of an equal num her of fighters and the Berlin i radio reported that great aerial battles raged across the skies as nazi planes tangled with the raid ing armada The assaults were launched de spite continuation of the cloudy weather which has restricted air operations over the Normandy bat tlefront except for one day dur ing the past 2 weeks and which forced the raiders over the reich to employ overcast aiming instru ments The daylight raids followed a light of activity by Italybased ombers which hammered the Romanian oil center of Ploesti vhile homebased RAF moscjuitos pasted Stuttgart for the 3rd time n 4 nights The German radio said Bucha est was bombed also Thursday WALLS CAVED IN BY and roof caved in this is all that remains ot the blocklong National Smelting company plant in Cleveland The plant went up in smoke and white flames Thursday night Firemen indicated the blaze started in magnesium stock No estimate of damage was available AP Wirephoto Kayenay engraving DAKAR CHIEF IN LONDON London Adm William navy and marine base at Sumay A Glassford Jr of the United Coutances line To the a potential defense home front the Ger mans spoke casually of the evi dent American intention of driv ing to the big center of Avranches 30 miles south of St Lo and Vire 20 miles southeast of St possible hint thatthe German army might have written them off Supreme headquarters said there were 3 German armored divisions on the American front Field dispatches said prisoners from 6 German divisions had been counted at one advanced command post and it was be lieved that remnants of at least that many divisions were threat ened with entrapment The Germans were holding 6 armored divisions to confront Gen Sir Bernard L Montgom erys British and Canadians below Caen on the allied east flank where the only activity was the turning back of various small scale enemy counterattacks Field dispatches said there was growing nervousness among en emy troops and much spec ulation among correspondents as to when Gen Montgomery might let loose another of his blows Reports from advanced air bases in Normandy said more than 40 German tankswere de stroyed many of hem 60ton Tigers and more than 65 dam aged Thursday by fighter bomb ers Much of the enemy armor had been driven off the roads am forced to divide into groups in the woods German air operations head quarters said have been confined to an average of 70 to 80 planes a night with 110 of them shotdown since the invasion seemed about to fall On New Guinea the trapped en emy still probed in vain for a weak spot in the allied encircle ment The Chinese recaptured States navy has arrived in London for duty it was announced Fri day He established the specia American mission at Dakar in Lej 1943 and remained as its hcai yang thus jerking from under theuntil it closed last month apanese a springboard for ex ension of ils drive to seize all the CantonH a n k o w railway Lei is the southernmost point to vhich the Japanese had driven out of the north to seize the road Inside and outside the walls of beleaguered Hengyang the Chi nese defenders and the Japanese vere locked in confused fighting After 32 days of costly battling he decision for this strategic rail town seemed near at hand The Chinese tempered their 3engyang ordeal with a victory in Yunnan province where enemy de fenses at Laffengshan were over run They killed at least 600 of the enemy at this town which an outpost of Tengchung the city which controls part of the Burma road Tengchung under U S air attack appeared next on the Chi nese list Major Allied Victories in Russia Normandy Forecast Greater Doom for Hitler night Because weather prevented an accurate assessment of damage he official announcement de scribejcLthe allied daylight targets only as military objectives in central Germany The German radio said the aombers flew in over Franconia Thuringia and Saxony which would carry them at least to the areas of Leipzig and Magdeburg location important nazi aircraft and ball bearing plants Robombs Carry New Destruction to England By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS bombs boomed through a channel overcast Friday bringing new destruction to southern England and the London area Many persons were trapped when a robot at lunchtime wrecked a store blew the top off a bus near a road intersectioin and flung an automobile from the street into a shop Fire started in the store Scores of firemen and rescuers dug to reach buried shopgirls and cus tomers People nearby had mis taken the robots roar for that of an airplane engine and had failed to take shelter Even as the rescuers worked another flying bomb came over I They kept at their grim task Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazeti carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason Gity Fair through Sun day Continued cool Friday aft ernoon and night Rising trend in temperature Saturday after noon and Sunday Iowa Fair and rather cool Friday and Friday night Saturday partly cloudy with scattered afternoon thundershowers IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 84 Minimum Thursday 52 At g a m Friday 58 YEAR AGO Maximum 87 Minimum 61 Precipitation 120 WHERE YANKS FIGHT IN areas in dicate territory held by American soldiers in their inva sions of Guam and Tinian islands in the Marianas Two invasion units arrows joined forces on Guam On Tinian inset invading troops arrow were fighting for an air strip on the northern tip of the island Saipan recently was conquered By EDWARD W BEATTIE United Press War Correspondent London was a black day fpr the shaky cause of naziGerjnany and Friday looked like a blacker one as 2 tremendous armies hammered closer to the reich from the east and the west Thursday with its unprecedented scries of portentous Russian vic tories and the major American breakthrough in Normandy was blackest day Adolf Hitler and his cohorts have it was the precursor of the ultimate superlative black they are to know soon The unprecedented victories of Russia alone were enough to doom Dr Joseph Goebbels total mobi lization campaign within 24 hours of its start They foretold the fall of War saw Przemysl and Cracow and the surgeof battle being carried by inferior people whom Hitler despises into the reichs own eastern marches There are few people in London fall of today or for that matter probably battle in Berlin who cared to forecast where the red army sep arate offensives between the Fin nish tundra and the Carpathian end The Germans must stand some where in western Poland if they are to prolong the war more than a matter of weeks They must stand on he same ground where firepower manpower and momen tum which the red army HOW commands won Hitler the firs battles of the war It is the Polish plains where natural defenses are few and the red army will have full scope for the great sweeping slashes with which they have covered more than 10110 miles since Stalingrad Behind Poland lies Silesia Pom erania and the last adequate de fense line before Berlin the River Oder For the sake of his own life and that of his regime which he had promised would endure 1000 years Hitler must choose a bat tlefield east of the Oder He must fight there with an army already in complete else can explain the speed of the Russian advance plus whatever half ready reserves Hitler Goebbels and the wehrmacht high command can find He must fight against an enemy in the full flush of victory which today has up to 400 divisions ready for battle Black Thursday recorded an other fateful warning on the peri meter of western Europe when American tanks completed their breakthrough in the Normandy beachhead in an offensive which probably is still only half devel oped The Russians forecast Thursday that a full strength blow front the west would end the war in Europe quickly The blow may be about to fall Against this panorama of disas ter Himmler is trying to purge battered Germany of defeatism and Goebbels is trying to hack a few more divisions from the reichs anaemic many as possible in the next few decisive weeks They are working with a nation whose endurance already has been strained beyond believable limits whose industry is partly wrecked vhose airpower is just a shadow and whose army is outnumbered morale can be all fronts The national stiffened wjth promises of new veapons of retaliation arid rnys erious new methods of fighting vhich will win the war But it s difficult to see where propa ganda can provide men guns anks and combat planes for the haky fighting fronts Tle red army long since has eallirmed its position as the worlds greatest single military orce and one of its po itical weapons as well Today ils prestige is at full tide The Finnish campaign is jus a matter of when the soviet com mand wants to divert the neces sary effort So probably is the Balkan campaign where Hitler who never has been able to dis gorge his conquests in the face of danger still clings to the out posts which in the long run wil fall of themselves U not taken in attle In the Baltics the red army al ready has cut the only adequat railroad line connecting Riga am Tilsit and may trap the entir German army there It is advanc ing toward Riga Talinn an Kaunas and is threatening th junkers citadel of East Prussia Five drives ranging from th northeast to the southwest ar developing relentlessly on Warsa and with it control of wester Poland Lwow is already in the re area and Przemysl has been by passed The Vistula river will b a barrier for only a day or tv more Just ahead of the advancing re army lie Cracow Kattowice Pos nan and Lodz none of them na turally defensible Behind the lies disaster for Hitler Buy your War Bonds an Stamps from your GlobcGazet carrier boy HULLWELLES SPLIT TRACED Handling of Argentina Primary Cause of Break AVashinglon of iecretajy pi State Cqrdell Hulls WhitePaper on Argentina made t clear Friday thatthe handling f the Argentine question was one t the issues which led to Sumncr resignation as underseci etary almost a year ago i The dispute between the 2 men i ho for 10 years collaborated1 losely with President Roosevelt building the good neighbor pol cy came to a head quickly at the nil of last summer But it ap ears now that it had been sim mering ever since the Rio De Ja leiro interAmerican meeting in anuary 1942 The 2 men currently are at even more bitter odds over United States policy toward Argentina made that plain Wednesday n his Argentine statement in vhich he rejected categorically all of the arguments Welles has been making in his newspaper articles and book for recognition of the Argentine regime Hull emphasized that his non recognition is a war he safety and defense of the hem not one that would se pursued in peacetime But Welles in his recent book The Time for Decision placed the emphasis on hemispheric uni ty He charged that U S policy has gravely embarrassed the other South American countries The result is therefore that by this grave error the depart ment of state has broken the unity of the hemisphere maintained against all obstacles for more than 10 years Welles declared BREST LITOVSK KAUNAS LATEST SOVIET PRIZES Russian Troops Charge to Within 30 Miles of Polish Capital City London Marshal Stalin announced Friday night the capture of Przemysl Jaroslaw rail center which the Germans said they had evacuated almost a week ago also has fallen to red army troops Stalin announced By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS London Li tovsk last great fortress po sition before Warsaw abandoned to the onrushing Russian armies Friday along with Kaunas in Lithuania Berlin announced Soviet troops charged with in 30 miles of the Polish cap ital In a 17mile advance be yond the San river they penetrated to a point 128 miles from German Silesia Brest Litovsk and Kaunas gave the Russians 10 major triumphs in 24 hours as they whipped through the Baltic states Poland and the Carpathian foothills toward East Prussia German Silesia and CzeehoSlovakia The German high command an nounced the evacuation of Brest Litovsk in its daily communique and soon afterward the Trans ocean agency admitted the loss of Kaunas the old capital of Llthua Hussian troops were been leagues behind the bound front for 2 weeks DOLEFUL NAZI New Yorlt are those who retreat for they will see their homeland again wrote a German soldier in his notebook He was captured in France and OWI monitors heard the British radio broadcast his doleful words Is Cerro Gordo County Going to Let Its Below Par Bond Record Stand HE Fifth war bond drive it nor over It does not close L formally until Aug 1 Thats next Tuesday Thats one fact about the war bond drive Another is that this community has not reached its quota SO FAR AS E BONDS ARE CONCERNED Weve gone over the top on largely to INSTITUTIONAL companies railroads banks corporations But in the test of the average persons patriotism and what E bond purchases havent measured up The plain fact is that our rank and file citiien hasnt filled his ar her assignment Theres been a neglect of duty which doesnt square well with the valor being displayed by Cerro Gordo countys boys on the fighting fronts This littkB piece is addressed to to the fellow over there not to your neighbor but to YOU Either you have done your full duty or you havent That still small voice within you tells you And you hare 2days in which to dosomething about it if your performance hasnt been up to par ma Nearest within 340 miles of Berlin itself with the capture ol Garwolin 30 miles southeast of Warsaw Other Russian triumphs were announced in a record splurge of orders of the day by Marshal London ff Well soon lie in Berlin the Moscow radio broad cast Friday to the red army We have already covered a good deal of the way to Berlin and we will soon reach this last enemy bastion the broadcast de clared Our anks are unchal lenged masters of the highways and open country and soon will roll along German roads Stalin coloring Moscows skies with manycolored flares for 5 hours until midnight These were the victories 1 Brest Litovsk historic city of 50000 on the western Bug river 112 miles east of Warsaw Mos Icow has not yet confirmed its capture but it virtually was sur rounded Thursday night and has west Rail roads radiate from there to War saw all sections of East Prussia Moscow Minsk and Wilno There in 1918 a peace treaty in tch last war removed revoltlorn Russia from belligerent allied ranks 2 Kaunas former capital of Lithuania and its 2nd largest city with 152365 population Kaunas had been invested for a fortnight or more The loss Thursday night of Siaulai made its position un tenable It lies 55 rail miles from the East Prussia frontier half the way there from captured Wilno which became the Lithuanian capital by Russian decree during the war 3 Lwow 3rd city of Old Poland and one of Europes greatest rail centers toppled Thursday night after days of street fighting The city of 317700 is on the Buchar eslWarsawBerlin railroad and was a barrier to CzechoSlavakia and Hungary Moscows Izvestia said Lwow still was burning from German demolitions and that dozens of thousands of innocent people had been slain in a nazi reign of terror Sinuliai 3rd city of Lithuania with 31293 persons fell Thurs day night Thus the last major railway was cut by which the estimated 300000 troops of the 30 divisions of the German 16th and 18th armies could escape or be supplied The victory placed the Russians 75 miles northeast of the East Prussia city of Til 83 miles northeast of the Baltic port of Memel and 125 miles northeast of the East Prus sian capital of Konigsberg Tilsit was bombed Thursday night and Moscow said 5 military trains were destroyed 5 Daugavpils 3rd city of Latvia with 45160 population 6 Bialystok 110 miles north east of Warsaw which had long been surrounded and bypassed Its 60000 residents made it old Polands 13th city 7 Stanislawow guardian city o CzeehoSlovakia and Hungary Its fall and other nearby in the Carpathian foothills placed the Russians within 13 miles of ;