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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 27, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OF HiSTony AND WO IKES I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT Associated Prtsj and United Press Full Leased Wirej MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITlf IOWA FRIDAY JULY 27 1945 LABOR LEADERS AT VICTORY of the British labor party win ner of the iirst election in the nation in a decade chat at a victory party in London Thurs day alter returns of the July 5 electionwere announced Left to right are Herbert Morri son Clement R Attlee and Ernest Bevin AP wirephoto K A engr New Prime Minister to Form Labor Government and Resume Big 3 Meeting Tnnrtnii Council Seen Not Bright By Central Press Staff Secretary of Labor Schwellen bach still hopes to have a labor advisory council but nobody has yet defined how it will be set up and how it is going to function In view of the split in labors AFL United Mine Workers union chiefs believe it would be extremely dif ficult to get a group together that would function harmoniously It has been suggested that Schwellenbaeh continue seeing the representatives of the various labor units separately During his first Z weeks in office he called them all in individually and got previously has their ideas Schwellenbaeh stated he does not have any idea tiVit he can end labors present spfit He said he was going to keep hands off the AFLCIO feud Yon can expect those new 1945 i46 passengerautomobiles tostart trolling iri something akiri to peacetime fash ion starting in September WPB thinks that not only will there be enough material for the industry to begin mass production next fall but that supplies will increase so that the car makers can turn out more automobiles than originally planned Steel is the great factor of course and WPB is hopeful that this product will be available to back up its rosy outlook on the future of motoring The new cars will have a num ber ot substitutions which will not however be noticeable to the eye of the consumer or affect per formance For instance substitutes for warscarce tin must be found by the industry Nickel will be substituted for chrome in the bright work There will not be any burlap for a while in the upholstery And there will not be allthe types of upholstery fabric of peace years but the available material will be adequate British press speculation that the Earl of Halifax will not re turn to the United States after his forthcoming vacation visit home is not being taken tooseriously by the British embassy in Washing ton As a Tory Halifax might not be reassigned since a labor govern ment came into power in Eng land His succession to the able Lord Lothian in the post after the latters death was regarded here and there as a stepdoivn after serving as foreign minister and in the war cabinet But Halifax has arranged for a speaking tour in the United Slates that will take him into tober planning to return The bombardment of northern Japan by American battleships was not a hitandrun affair There will be more of the same in the coming months and Japans coastline railroads will be a prime target German generals ad mitted that the collapse of nazi armies was hastened by the smashing of communication sys tems Japan has the double task of moving her population out of bombed cities and transporting food and war materials From now on she will be given little time to repair shattered factories and railroads Hydroelectric dams also wil get their share of attention from the fleet and army and navy air forces Japan depends greatly on such dams for her power By the end of summer Japans teeming millions probably will become cave dwellers London Attlee Britains new prime mini ster hastened Friday to form the nations first labor government in 14 years while a plane waited to fly him back to Potsdam to replace Winston Churchill as the British spokesman at the Big 3 conference Swept into office in a landslide which gave his labor party a mandate for drastic revision of Britains domestic economy Att lee declared the first thine we have to do is finish the war with Japan He will take with him to Potsdam a pledge to carry on the victorious foreien policy of his predecessor Atflee was expected o name promptly a foreign secretary com mitted to the same policy It was believed his choice would be Ernest Bevin former labor mini ster in the coalition cabinet who would succeed Anthony Eden at the Potsdam conference newspapers pre ilictea Churchill would not retuca to Potsdam although it was re ported Aftlee already had asked him to accompany him Eden however said he would return to the conference if asked and would continue to do his best to help Churchill and Eden both were reelected to commons among the few conservative ministers to survivethe tide of labor votes which repudiated the party and the philosophy of free private en terprise for which it stood The London Press was frankly amazed by the result and not agreed in the explanation there of Most commentators agreed however that it did not consti tute a personal repudiation of Churchill whose record as a war leader was praised even by the staunchest of labor supporters ACKLEY WOMAN AUTO VICTIM Ackley Iowa Edna Matilda Marshall 60 Ackley school teacher was killed almost instantly at p m Thursday in an automobile accident 2 miles west of New Hartford on highway She was returning in a car driven by her brother William 64 from a shopping trip to Wa terloo Apparently blinded or confused when his sister attempted to brush a fly from his face Marshall lost control of his car and it struck the a small bridge 1 was thrown from the near the bridge and his sister u v j So at least he must be S bridge and his sister to retTirr about 57 feet lrom him The ca lowan In Paris Paris Arlcne Hicks Early Iowa was among the first American WACS assigned to oc cupational forces who arrived Thursday at 7lh army headquar ters reening machine continued nearly 100 feet before upsetting in a ditch Marshall was badly shaken but was believed suffering no ser ious injuries Surviving Miss Marshall are 2 brothers William and Chris Hampton HIPOCKETS HOPE OUR I Timetable of Big 3 Upset By Election Potsdam if The defeat of Prime Minister Churchills gov ernment upset the Big 3 timetable Friday but took nothing from the American British and Chinese surrender ultimatum to Japan which was issued here Thurs day The labor party victory which removed Churchill one of the original Big 3 as one of the prin cipals in the parley presumably left the lime of resumption of discussions up to labor Leader Clement Attlee Churchills suc cessor as prime minister As opposition leader Attlee had beenattending the conference as an observer and is well ac quainted with President Truman Premier Stalin and the agenda over which they worked with Churchill and Foreign Secretary Anthony Eden at meetings 9 successive The warning to the Japanese to overthrow their warlords and seek immediate peace or face vir tual annihilation was made joint ly by Truman Churchill and Gen eralissimo Chiang KaiShek Att lee indicated that the ultimatum wjll have his full support when he declared Thursday night in London The first thing we have to do is finish the war with Ja pan Observers here believed it was not unlikely that Premier Stalin had prior knowledge of the con tents of the ultimatum Trumans secretary Charles G Koss who went to Berlin from Fotsdam to release the proclama tion would not comment on ques tions concerning this phase He said simply air Stalins eov ernment is not at war with Ja him When he returned to Potsdam Thursday night he went immedi ately to official residence ii the conference area There wa no comment from him or his dele gation Silence likewise was main tamed at Stalins headquarters ThU Paper Consists oi Two NO 250 U S Warns 11 Cities of Coming Bombings Strikers Are Ordered Back to War Jobs BULLETIN Washington war la bor board Friday ordered 20000 workerson strike at the Dodge pUnl of the Chrysler corporation in Chicago to return to work im mediately By UXITED PRESS Striking employes in B29 en jine plants in Chicago and Pater son N J were warned Friday that Superfortress attacks against the Japanese homeland would be reduced within a few days un iess production was resumed im mediately Fitly thousand away from Iheir jobs at the aircraft engine plants operated by the Wrisht Aeronau tical and Chrysler corporations made up the bulk of the nations 70000 idle workers Acting Secretary of War Robert P Patterson said in Washington Thursday night that the two work stoppages if continued could ac complish what the Japs had failed to raids on enemy in dustry These two plants manufacture fourtilths of all B29 engines Patterson said The supply of Vote Strike End Chicago IJP The executive board of the ClOUnited Automo bile Workers announced Friday it had voted to end next Monday the strike of some 20000 workers which had halted production of B29 Superfortress engines at the husc Chicagopodge plant McNeely said the union would seek permission from the national labor relations board hold a strike vote the SAiithVcbii nally act POTSDAM ULTIMATUM Potsdam Japan faced the alternatives Friday of utter and complete destruction or retirement in unconditional surrender and total disarmament to her 4 main home islands under terms an ultimatum from the United States Great Britain and China The ultimatum included these terms and said We shall not deviate from them There are no alternatives We shall brook no 1 Japan must overthrow her militarist ruling clique 2 Undesignated points of Japanese territory will be occupied until Japans war power is convincingly destroyed M 3V sovereignty will be limited to the 4 main islands of Honshu Hokkaido Kyushu and Shikoku and minor islands This would strip Japan of all her conquests and other dominated areas in cluding Manchuria North China Korea the Bonins Kuriles Pesca dores Formosa Mandated Islands Netherland East Indies Malaya French IndoChina Thailand 4 Japan will bedisarmed completely but soldiers will be allowed to return to peaceful pursuits 5 Japan will not be enslaved but stern justice shall be meted on those responsible for cruelties o iiapun must vest ore freedom of speech and thoti and establish respect for fundamental rights lerials JapanRaw r We call upon the government of Japan to proclaim now the un Conditional surrender of all Japanese armed and to provide proper and adequate assurances ot their good faith in such actorT the ultimatum from President Truman President ChianE KaiShek and Wmston Churchill then British prime minister said ine alternative for Japan is prompt and utter destruction Son of Mason Cityan Dies While Prisoner on Transport Father Notified Son Was on Jap Torpedoed Ship these engines is so short that the B29 attacks on Japan will be re duced within a matter of days if these strikes continue The Chrysler strikers totalling approximately 20000 put down their tools at the giant Chicago plant to protest a multitude of un settled worker grievances The strike began last Saturday on a minor scale and spread despite back to work orders from interna tional and local United Auto Workers CIO officials In the Wright strike 30000 workers were out at Paterson and Woodridge N J Draft boards were instructed to reclassify for induction striking Wright em holding occupational defer The army and various federal agencies stepped into other walk outs At the U S Rubber Co in Detroit approximately 1000 of striking CIO rubber work juuu sinking CAW ruaoer worK President Truman was in the ers were persuaded to cross picket trankfurt area inspecting Ameri continued however troops Thursday when news in 14 Detroit lumber yards and at of the labor party victory reached the Midland Steel Products Co where 1200 were idle Governor Names Aug 1 AAF Day Des Moines Hobert D Blue Friday proclaimed Aug 1 as air force day and named Aug ust as railroad manpower drive month in Iowa Leon Blum Hurls Charge of Treason at Petain Former French Premier Says Marshal Gave Himself High Powers Paris Blum who was French premier in years of the popular front before the war hurled the charge of treason at After the government had fled to Bordeaux Blum testified Military caders felt that all resistance had become useless They seemed to feel as thoush France had lost all her capacity all means of resisting Up to that time there was an overwhelmins Marshal Petain Friday and said I lajoriiy of the government i 1 the old soldier gave himself pow voring resistance Then the Cha be compared to temps proposal had its effect ers which may be compar those of a jungle sovereign Petain is on trial for his iife charged with intelligence with the enemy and plotting against the se curity of France Charles Roux a diplomat who followed Blum to the stand said that when France was falling in June of 1940 Petains predecessor Paul Reynaud appealed to Presi dent Roosevelt and suggested that the American fleet come into ac tion Blum released only a few ago from German deten tion told the high court of justice on this 5th day of the trial The people of France with the j foundations of the nation gone terrorized and overwhelmed looked for reassurance Petain told them with all the authority his past that the armistice was not dishonorable I call that treason It was Camille Chautcmps another former premier who broached the question of an ar mistice From the moment the armistice was introduced I had the impres sion that great pressure almost forced the cabinet to accept it Blum said A number of us de cided to leave France My bags were packed and ready The gov ernment was to have gone on June 20 Blum said that when he Her riot and Senate President Jule Jeanneney reached Toulouse to sail we learned that the govern ment had decided against leaving and all departures were can celed Blum said he was near when he read the armistice terms for the first time the next morn ing her warlike First Lt Lawrence E Hendrick son son of H J Hendrickson 25 20th S E was killed on last Dec 16 while being transported by the Japanese from Manilato Japanr the war department officially no tified his father in Mason City Frida3 U Hendrickson who had been a prisoner of the Japs in the Phil ippines since the fall of Baiaan was aboard a Japanese transport that was hit by a torpedo and the ship was sunk The last message was received from Lt Hendrickson on July 15 1944 At that time he declared he was in excellent health He was then in prison camp No 1 Lt Hendrickson was with the Minnesota slate highway commis sion at the time of entering tie service with the air signal corps on April 26 1941 He went through the battles of Corregidor and Ba taan Hendrickson held an M A de gree in electrical engineering from the University of Minnesota and was also graduated from Harvard university Thelieutenants brother Joseph Hendrickson sports editor of Es quire was in Mason Oity from Chicago Friday visiting his father who has just returned to Mason City after 5 weeks of hospitabza tion at Iowa City Bur your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy L E HENDKICKSON 30000 Men Will Be Released From Navy Los Angeles More than 30000 men will be discharged from the navy by next January 1 under the new adjusted service age system Vice Adm Randall Jacobs chief of naval personnel disclosed Thursday Enlistments however will keep the navy at its present strength of approximately 3389000 officers and men Admiral Jacobs said in an interview Expect Vote on Charter Saturday Wasliiiigton Bark ley DKy urged the senate Fri day to prepare for a final vote ratifying the united nations char ter at 5 p m EWT Saturday The democratic leader told his colleagues he wants them to stay on the job till 7 p m Friday night lie asked tor a meeting at 10 a m Saturday 2 hours earlier than usual Barkleys move to wind up con sideration of the 50nation peace keeping agreement this week won the support of Senator White R the minority leader said it was difficult to conceive that anything new can be said about the charier Only when the debate closes will Connally be able under the rules to call up the formal ratifi cation resolution Even then a single objectiorTcould hold off Us consideration another legislative day Connally however expects no delay from that contingency Senator after senator went on record Thursday for the interna tional peace preserving plan Sen ator Wherry RNebr observed that the ultimatum for Japans capitulation ought to be a boon toward passage of this charter VETERAN GUADUATE Salt Lake City Tuft a Salt Lake Tribune sports writer was the first Salt Lake City vet eran of the second world war to he graduated from University of Utah under the veterans program He was in the navy more than a year Buy your War Bonds and Stamps fro mToiiiTGlabeGazetfe carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Friday night and Saturday with thun dershowers late Friday night or early Saturday No decided change in temperature Iowa Partly cloudy Friday Fri day night and Saturday with thundershowers northwest por tion Friday west portion Friday night and in east and central portion Saturday No important change in temperature Minnesota Mostly cloudy with showers and occasional thun derstorms Friday afternoon and east portion Friday night and Saturday morning Clearing west portion Saturday Little change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 85 Minimum Thursday 62 At 8 a m Friday 66 YEAR AGO Maximum 80 Minimum 5g Precipitation 30 f ls a typical summer 1945 view of the Clear Lake wa te front Wjves of semcemen are shown with their children on the Witke pier where the talk these days runs pretty much to what the last letter said andMl en wI be over In the pcture are Mrs Herbert Jensen Mrs Marvin Ziesmer Mrs Ira Stockton Mrs Howard Lamm Mrs Walter DeMoss Mrs James Lane Mrs B A Morse Mrs RP Mori risscy Mrs Hyle Lowrnan Mrs Ellis Wick and Mrs Keith Crawford Te children are Michael Momssey 3 Gary Lowman 6 Marneta Lowman 5 Dennis Lowman vl Dav d i Wick 1 and Larry Crawford 4 Lock photo K A cngr i uavm DROP WARNING BY AIRPLANES TO NIP CITIES Put Punch in Allied Potsdam Ultimatum to Surrender or Eke By LEONARD MILUMAN Associated Press War Editor The citizens of 11 Japanese ci ies were bluntly told Saturday I Japan time in pamphlets dropped jy B29s that their communities will be firebombed to the ground with the first 4 or more to be ig nited within the next few days The unprecedented warning of coming air strikes put additional punch hi the allied Potsdam statement calling upon the Japa nese o surrender or be utterly destroyed Directed at 890000 enemy civil ians the warning was issued by Mai Gen Curtis LeMay com mander of the 20th air force who sent 6 B29s to spread the pam phlets over the 11 cities It was eloquent testimony to the Ameri can airmens scorn of Japans aer ial defenses The allies stepped up their mil itary time table for the defeat of Japan as Nipponese choosing be tween the alternatives of utter destruction or unconditional sur render offered in the Potsdam ul timatum said they would light to the bitter end Rejection of the allied ultima tum was unofficial Other sources both allied and Japanese indi cated itmight be in the dark Implementing the Potsdam warning that Japan would be promptly crushed the allies are shifting more soldiers directly from Europe to the Pacific than originally anticipated Maj Gen John M Franklin told a senate committee The Japanese cabinet meeting in special session at the residence of Premier Suzuki heard Foreign Minister Shisrenori Togo on the g point definition of unconditional surrender issued Thursday by President Truman Churchill and Generalissimo Chiang KaiShek Shortly thereafter the govern mentcontrolled D o m e i news agency said Japan wouldnt capi tulate Japan will prosecute the war of reater East Asia to the bitter end Domei said in accordance with her fixed policy This was a complete reversal of Thursdays unprecedented appeal by Tokyo radio for leniency It ignored a recommendation that Japan surrender which was re portedly made by Gen Hiroshi Oshtma one of Nippons foremost military diplomats As ambassa dor to Germany he saw Tokyos axis partner beaten into submis sion and was convinced of the fu tility of fighting further From Manila came a report that Japanese leaders were pre paring the country for surrender before invasion W a s h i n g t o n buzzed with rumors and specula tion of prompt surrender Church ill commented the end of the Pa cific war may come quicker than we have hitherto been entitled to expect Regardless of what Emperor Hi rohitos ndvisers actually do the allies went ahead with plans to turn loose their full military might which the Potsdam declara tion said Will mean the inevi table and complete destruction ot the Japanese armed forces and the utter destruction of the Japanese homeland This the Potsdam ultimatum said is the only alternative to un conditional surrender of the Mi kados armed forces elimination of the propagators of the Pacific war and a return to democratic principles Tokyo noted Ihc conspicuous absence of Sialins signature on the ultimatum and interpreted the defeat of Churchills government as a sign of allied disunity But Clement Attlee announced in his first statement as Britains new prime minister that the first thing we have to da is to finish the war with Japan The United States will throw 7000000 troops into the task said Gen Jacob L Devers chief of army ground forces Only a frac tion of them will actually be on the firing line Australia will cut her forces down fvom 6 to 3 array divisions reduce her air force from 53 to 35 squadrons but maintain her pres ent navy This represents an in crease in Australias air force in the Pacific and no change in ;