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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 27, 1943, Mason City, Iowa 1 NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME a T lit NT OF Y A NO ARCHIVES THt NSWSfAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHtOXS HOME EDITION irmrri VOL XUX ASSOCIATED PRESS AND UNITED FKESS TOM LKASED WDUS FIVC CENTS A COW MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JULY 27 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS or TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 249 ITALY MUST GIVE UP OR BE SEARED Churchill Warns Badoglio Request for Armistice Expected I Travelers Claim Mussolini Favored German Plan for Abandoning Southern Italy Declare Badoglio Is RELENTLESS AIR DRIVE AGAINST NAZIS GOES ON Lowlands Bombed 5th Raid in 48 Hours Helps to Flatten Hamburg LONDON of al lied fighters and light bombers at tacked industrial targets at Zee brugge and enemy airfields else I where in Belgium and in Holland by daslight Tuesday the air min istry announced The day onerations in the re lentless air offensive against the continent folio wet upon the fifth attack in 4S hours on Ham burg The RAP sent mosquito bombers again the German port and indus trial city last night for the third successive night The British Dominion and allied squadrons lost not a plane in the extensive daylight raids Tuesday Hits were reported on Zeebrugge industrial buildings and pilots said they encountered neither fighters nor flak Insisting on Defense of All of Nation By CHARLES S FOLTZ MADRID if Travelers arriv ing by plane from Rome Tuesday declared that Benito Mussolini fell because he supported a German plan to abandon central and southern Italy for a strong defense line in the north and that he now is at a villa between Rome and Ostia The new government of Mar shal Pietro Badoglio insists that all of Italy must be defended if Italy is to remain in the war and the Germans have been forced o agree they declared Hitler had first proposed a strong stand behind the Po valley and Mussolini seeking to do his bidding was overruled by the fascist grand council by a vote ot 19 to 6 it was asserted Carlo Scorza fascist party sec retary was reported under pre ventive arrest with others of il tiuces collaborators confined to their homes CORNER AXIS after town in Sicily has fallen to the swift advance of American forces Mobs waving white flags above greeted the Yanks as they rode into one of Palermos main streets in halftracks Even in the attacks on enemy airfields at Conrtral in Belgium and Woensdrecht in Holland pilots reported that nazi lighters showed no desire tochallenge the spitfires escorting typhoon bombers The hangars buildings and dispersal areas were strad dled with 500pound bombs Spitfires made diversionary sweeps from Yprcs to Hulst in Holland Another strong lovce of planes including twoengined bombers set out across the channel to at tack targets in northern France la ter in the day Returning crews said there was a clear sky over the devas tated city and flames could he seen while they still more than 30 miles from the target Airmen were quoted as saying that the flak was not so intense as had been expected but there were some night fighters on pa trol The air battle designed appar ently to flatten Germanys great port of Hamburg began Saturday night when RAF heavy bombers carried out the greatest raid of the war dropping 2300 Ions tons of explosives and incendiaries Since that time the RAF and the USAAF have kept up roundthe clock attacks The USAAF hit the port in day light Sunday with a large fleet of heavy bombers and the same On the issue of defense all Italy Badoglio tor the moment at least has the support of the army and the crown both of which en joy tremendous popular prestige as successors to Mussolini this latehour account of the crisis in Rome said The first clear report of what happened after Mussolini resigned camewith the first Ala Litbria to leave event It is significant of the swift changes that the plane arrived stripped of all fascist insignia marked only by the Italian na tional colors and that an hour attack The Americans raided the city in daylight again Monday and the air ministry put out the prelimi nary announcement that Ham burg had been attacked even be fore the official communique Nothing was said concerning possible RAF losses RAF reconnaissance pilots went to Essen Monday to view the dev astation from the heavy attack by after its arrival the fascist name Ala Litoria had changed to Ala Roma in the lines officer Some of these travelers were Italian From them was obtained this account of Mussolinis fall When il duce returned to Rome from his Verona meeting with Hitler he called in his im mediate party aides and told them that Hitler considered southern and central Italy un defendable with Sicily in al lied hands V He said German plans called for a stand behind the Po valley and suggested evacuation not only of Italian arms and muni tions and troops behind this line but all possible rolling stock food stores and harvests so that the allies would be left with the prob lem of supplying the population At Mussolinis suggestion a meeting the fascist council was called for Saturday Mean time although il duce expressed his disgust at the German plans other party leaders including Count Galeazzo Ciano Mussolinis soninlaw met separately with nonparty men The council meeting lasted un til 2 a m Sunday After Musso lini made a report opposition formed to attack his conduct of thewar and particularly his ap j parent acceptance of the German I plan On the vote only six council members stood with Mussolinis arguments that the only way open was to accept the Hitler scheme while 19 others were in open opposition This vote was taken early in the meeting and Mussolini an nounced that in the face of such opposition he considered it nec tivc to help in defense of the whole peninsula The enthusiasm which greeted announcement of Mussolinis res ignation and Badoglios appoint ment was tremendous throughout Italy Demonstrations formed in every major Italian city where march ers of all classes massed in the public squares and cheered Ba doglio and hotted il duce and fascism Fascist uniforms vanished from the streets of northern Italy and fascist emblems were ripped off monuments and public buildings or were covered with the Italian national colors There may have been some doubt abrWKl as to whether raifituUlBn aaemntf the btti there was no doubt in the minds ot the Italians Throughout Italy the joy oC the crowds was greater than their anger and there were few deaths In Rome fascist militia gar risons made preparations to re sist but crumbled swiftly when Badoglio sent regular army unit fully prepared for action to de mand their surrender with notes advising them they were units now incorporated into the army and subject to army discipline Everywhere in Rome crowds marched in the streets cheering the royal family and Badoglio anc thousands marched to the Vatican gates to cheer the pope Demonstrators in Milan inarched to the palace of the Count of Turin where the royal family was cheered The dem onstration lasted for hours Through the early hours Butter to Be Increased 2 VLore Ration Points Aug 1 OPA Seeks to Bring i KAF heavy bombers Sunday I night They reported fierce fires were slill burning there I Sharing the weight of the American assault with Hamburg lin daylight Monday were three 1ther northwest German Monday evening Marshal Ba doglio ordered troops to make efforts to stifle the dcmonstra tions unless they generated vio lencc First discreetly then vio Icnlly the new premier put damper on tlie excitement and Consumer Demand m Line With Supplies See Tables Pajes 5 7 WASHINGTON S B u 11 e r vill cost the housewife two more joints a pound beginning Aug 1 ut shortening lard salad and cooking oils will cost one point ess and no major changes will be made in meat values the office of price administration announced remain in effect Septf The twopoint increase for but ter brings the cost to JO points a pound Margarine remains un changed at four points In jumping the point cost of butter OFA said it was at tempting to brine consumer de mands into line with the avail able supply For several months it was explained civilian con sumption of butter had exceed ed allocations OPA predicted that the higher point cost of butter would stimu late the demand for other fats and oils The new point value for lard is three points a povmd while shortening and salad cooking oils are set at four points OPA removed two meat items from the rationed list Fresh pork backbones and feet bone in which have cost one point per pound become rationfree OPA said these items were made rationfree because of the large supply and the fact tha government agencies do not pur chase them Canned pigs feet bone end wili cost one point To August compared with two point iHannover Wilhelmshaven TvVescrmunde and Jfficer Insists on Cleanliness Around ip and Gets It i CHEKALIS Wash tommanding officer insists on fieanliness wrote Pvt Murven l Sisson of the army medical Jbvps detachment at Boise Idaho his parents I A detail of 24 men just left Ilimp with full packs Four match ocks were found outside their They will march six files out dig four holts 4 by 4 net and bury the match sticks essavy to resign A long discussion followed cerning the fate of the fascia parly in event of his resignation but by the time the meeting broke up it was agreed that the fascist organization was secondary to what the members believed was the Italian future Early Sunday morning Musso lini went to the royal palace and handed his resignation to King Vittorio Emanuele who was kept informed of the progress of the meeting and had already talked with Badoglo Before the public was in formed of the event the party took steps designed in part to protect the leaden and in part to hold those considered re sponsible for the state the nations affairs Then the announcement was made Sunday night after Ba doglio had advised Ihe Germans of his decision that all Italy must be defended or Italy must leave the war and Ihe Germans agreed faced with that alterna proclamation served to remind the people they still were at war and now under army discipline By noon Monday police au thorities and permanent employes of the foreign pftice were be sieged with requests from Ger man and Japanese residents in Rome for passports and authori zations to leave Italy All the travelers emphasized that the Italians were over whelmed with joy over Musso linis resignation and that the royal family and Badoglio were riding this wave ot popularity BOMBER FALLS AT SIOUX CITY 2 Die and 1 0 Leap to Safety in Parachutes SIOUX CITY of the Sioux City air base said two men were killed and 10 others parachuted to safety early Tues day when a heavy army bomber on a routine training flight from the Rapid City S Dak air base crashed near Sioux City At least one of those who bailed out was injured Lt Stew art H Jones Sioux City air base public relations officer said Names of the two killed were be ing withheld by army officials until the next of kin are notified The crash happened four and a half miles southeast of the Sioux City air base Two atten dants at the county farm said they were attracted by what sounded like engine trou ble Later they added Ihey heard a crash which sounded like a lot of wood breaking a p his during July vith ham slice values auil the hange merely fixes a specific for the item Similarly English cuts of beef a type of huck roast have cost the same mdcr a different name In estab ishing the English cut classifica ion OPA said it merely followed rade practices in certain area The new table of point values or kosher meats likewise makes no important changes in point values ITALIANS CLEAR FASCISTS FROM HIGH POSITIONS Report Preliminary Negotiations Started in Vatican City By THOMAS T HAWKINS BERN Switzerland Premier Pietro Badoglio and his newlyformed cabinet set about the task of maintaining order antl sweeping Italy ol the outward symbols of fascism reports Iroin Rome indicated a popular belief there that one of the first acts ol the new government would be a request for an armistice in Ioiidon Reuters quoted a Bern dispatch to tile Sveiiska Dagbladet in Stockholm as say ing that preliminary negotia tions for an armistice between Italy and the allies began iu Vatican City Monday night There was no immediate con firmation of this report how ever GAS SHORTAGE IS REPORTED Coupons May Be Cut to 2 Gallon Value DES MOWJES frnde circles here heard Tuesday that the value of gasoline ration cou pons in this region will be cut from four gallons to two within a short time This possibility was linked witii the report that a serious gasoline shortage is developing in the mid dlewest Distributors said that some bulk stations in the state already are without gasoline RE Walters head of theDes Moincs district office of price ad ministration said there has been no official notice of the likelihood of a gasoline ration cut but he de clared the tire situation in Iowa has become serious Walters said it is possible that automobile owners without an es sential use for them may be re quired to sell their spare tires lo alleviate the shortage While no chanites were made in the more popular beef cuts OPA predicted an increase of about id per cent in the civilian supply The increase in the beef supply is expected to offset a decline in the supply of pork Here are the changes in red stamp values FATS OILS DAIRY PRODUCTS Lard three points down one Shortening four points doivn one Salad and cooking oils fone pint or one four points down one BUTTER Ten points up two PORK Fatbacks and clearplalcs two points down one Beet bone in ration free clown one Jowls two points down one Backbones ration free down one Plates regular three points down one Bacon plate and jowl squares three points down one Nazis Start Stressing Invulnerability of Defenses on Crete By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS German propagandists began to talk about the invulnerability ot Crete Tuesday praising its de fenses as they did those of Sicily a few weeks before the illiecl in vasion A transoccan broadcast recorded by the Associated Press asserted that Crete at any mo ment can be turned into an active volcano of gigantic ferocity The German news agency Rave as its authority a nari war reporter named Hans Adolf Weber The Svenska Dagbladet dis patch also said that German Am bassador Hans Geoxg Victor von Mackensen was holding a series of talks with Premier Badoglio apparently to learn the lattcrs atitude toward Germany While Badoglio has not yet of ficially proclaimed the lascisi party dead thenew premier and hisministers Are cleaning house throughout the nation The fas cist party headquarters have been taken over Benito Mussolini anc other high fascists are reported under protective custody and th national police force has been re organized under a military ad ministration according to politi cal and diplomatic reports fron the Italian capital Disorders have been surpris ingly few according to these sources Badoglio moved swiftly to avoid bloodshed and so far but one serious outbreak has been riot in Milan Sunday night that resulted in the death of three fascist party members Belief that Bacloglio and his cabinet would seek some method of approaching the allies for arm istice terms was strengthened by increasing reports of spontaneous peace demonstrations which have broken out in Italys biggest cities They began Sunday night soon after King Vittorio Emanuele had announced the resignation of Pre mier Mussolini Men women and children poured into the streets of Rome Naples Milan Turin Genoa and other cities with cries for peace ynd shouts of joy over Mussolinis downfall Direct news dispatches from Italy have been halted but j Italian newspapers reaching Switzerland disclosed the scope Knox Expects Near Future Development WASHINGTON Knox said Tuesday that develop ments in Italy indicate some at tempts to take that country out of the war in the reasonably near future The navy secretary told his press conference that he had no exclusive information on the situation but that it was his estimate that the appearance of things indicates probably some attempt at taking Italy out of the war He was asked whether he meant an attempt by King Emanuele and Marshal Badoglio successor to Mussolini He replied that he meant such an attempt As to the time Knox said I think it will come iu the easonably near future The navy secretary was re minded that when Secretary Hull vas questioned Monday about ap plication of the xmcontlitional iurrender formula to Italy Iltill iivid he had not yet consulted the army and navy Knox commented that only one man could say how the formula would apply Asked whether that one man was Prime Minister Churchill or President Roosevelt he quickly amended his reply to Only two men could answer your they will speak with one voice I am sure HEAVY ATTACK ORDERSSENTTO ALLIED CHIEFS Churchill Says No Peace Overtures Have Yet Been Received LONDON Minister Churchill told a cheering house of commons Tuesday that Italy will be seared and scarred and blackened from one end to the other unless the new government headed by Marshal Pietro Badog lio abandons Germanys war against the united nations Speaking at a supreme mo ment in his career as Britains wartime prime minister when hfs arch foe Benito Mussolin has disappeared from the scene Churchill said orders to exert the utmost rigor of war against Italy already had one out to allied commanden No overtures of peace have been received from the elderly succes sor to Mussolini the first of the dictators to go Churchill said and therefore no new decisions by the allies were called for except to bring the maximum avalanche of fire and steel upon all targets of military significance throughout the length and breadth ol Italy I know little or nothing ot the new government he said I ex In response to further ques Press no opinion upon it Honing the secretary said Italy 1 Tlie allied course he said would possesses strategic positions use ir ful to the pur poses Bases insula he said would be ex tremely useful for an advance across the Adriatic sea and air at tacks on southern Germany Knox saicl he knew of no evi dence of internal cracking in Germany in line with the up heavals in Italy F R Broadcast to Be Presented Wednesday Night WASHINGTON President Roosevelt yo on the be to let the Italians stew in their own juice for a bit and to hot fire to tha utmost withlhe aim of obtaining from the Italian government lull facilities for car rying on the war against Ger many These facilities it was assumed included air bases f But in the interest of the su preme object of destroying the nazi war machine he warned against throwing Italy into such political chaos as to leave allies no government to deal with or entrust with policing Italy while the war is pursued against Germany The unconditional surrender of Italy should be brought about wholesale and not piecemeal he said Declaring that the British and United States governments were in continuous consultation he said they were acting in the closest concert in the Italian situation The British government he said was conducting an increasingly successful war and policy and then he offered a word of cau tion Wednesday night to deliver a half hour address which the white house described as of major im portance The address will begin at p m central war time Presidential Secretary Stephen Early gave no hint as to its pri mary subject matter H will be Mr Roosevelts first la Ik to the American people since I The whole outlook of the nazi the downfall of Mussolini in Italy party ant regime their whole ideological outlook as it is called READY TOEAT MEATS Picnic or shoulder slices 11 points new Pigs feet bone end one point down one MEATS In Tin or Glass Meat spreads five points down one Pigs feet bone one point down one Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Cooler Tuesday afternoon Tuesdaynight and Wednesday forenoon fresh winds diminishing Tuesday night IOWA No important change in temperature Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon scattered thundcrshowers extreme sovith portion Tuesday night MINNESOTA Continued coot northwest cooler south and east portions Tuesday night Warm er northwest portion Wednes day forenoon IN MASON CITY of the demonstrations which ap parently were nationwide The Corriere Delia Sera of Mi lan reflected Ihe opinion of the majority of the press in an edi torial headed Mussolini has Icfl We are free Whether the Kalian press has heen restored its full freedom of expression or whether the new government was not yet able to apply control was not yet certain but indications arc that most of the restrictions that have fettered newspapers for 20 years under fascist rule have heen lifted at least tem porarily One of Badoglios greatest wor ries apparently is the presence of German troops in Italy Re ports persist thai Adolf Hitler still topes to establish a defense lino in northern Italy should Italy collapse or go over to the allies under terms of unconditional surrender The Algiers radio reported Asked whether tbc address will deal chiefly with ihc home front war front or a combination nf the two Early speech will explain itself While it wns considered certain the chief executive would lake the opportunity at least to ana lyze briefly some of the latest de velopments of the war there has been a growing impression that he desired to address the public on home front matters The ad dress to be tarried on aH net works will be the first also since everal major dispulcs on the do mestic scene have flarcdup not aby that between Vice President Wallace and Secretary Jones over the purchasing ot critical supplies abroad BEEF English cut roasts nine points i GlobeGazette weather statistics new The two new or shoulder slices and English cuts of little difference io the consumer In the past butch ers have sold picnic slices ami fixed point values in accordance Maximum Monday 90 Minimum Monday night fil At 8 a m Tuesday 73 Rain Irate YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Rfi 57 that Badoglio had called home all the Italian divisions now in Jugo slavia and other Balkan states possibly to offset this menace However it was recalled in this connection that Badoglio had stated although somewhat vague ly that the war would continue That the German press and people were surprised and stunned by the swiftness of the tall of fascism was confirmed Tuesday by n dispatch from the Berlin correspondent of the Tribune Do Geneve which said that the pco Allied Air Activity Over Italy in Lull By THE ASSOCIATED FKESS Allied air activity over the Ital ian mainland has fallen into a lull since Sunday the list of bombed objectives announced by allied headquarters communiques dis closed Tuesday but there was no explanation of the reason Only one mainland target railway com munications at Marina Di Paula on the Italian toe was bombed Monday Tuesdays Italian com munique reported without allied confirmalion a new bombing of Naples will be disturbed and darkened by events which have happened antl are going to happen in Italy predicted and the overthrow and casting down in shame and ruin of the first of the dictators and aggressor war lords strikes a knell of impending doom in the ears of Ihose that remain Nevertheless he added Italys war power was about a tenth ot that of Germanys and the allies must not allow this favorable inclination of our fortunes to blind us to the immensity ot the task before us Churchills entry into the house of commons to discuss the down fall of the man he had castigated as pinchbeck Caesar and tat I torcd lackey was a procession of triumph from the gales of parlia ment to his seat He was cheered by a wailing crowd at the gates as he jauntily walked to the chamber But there was no suggestion of gloating as he discussed the fallen dictator Tuesday and his choice of adjectives was considered less picturesque than some that he has Frederika Flyer in Raid on Nazi Targets AT A U S BOMBER BASE SOMEWHERE IN ENGLAND tfii Lloyd Jordan of Fredcrika Iowa and U Don DeCanip of DCS Moincs were members of bomber crews participating in an attack pie of the capital were shocked I on nazi industrial targcU Monday used in the past in discussing Mussolini The decision of Italy lo con tinue under the German yoke would not seriously affect the general course of the war and still less would it aller its ultimate results he said The only consequence will be that in the next tew months Italy will be seared and scarred and blackened from one end to the other The keystone of the fascist arch has crumbled and without attempting to prophesy it does not seem unlikely that the en lire fascist edifice will fall tn the round la ruin if it few Ml ;