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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 26, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION iiiiiir VOL LOI Anodatcd Pita dud United Pias Full Hve Cents a Cow MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY JULY 26 1947 No 248 Congress Cleors Decks for Adjournment VETERANS CAN CASH LEAVE BONDS TRUMAN FAILS 10 SEE MOTHER BEFORE DEATH 94YearOld Woman Succumbs Hour After President Boards Plane Grandview Mo Mar tha Truman 94 mother of the president died at a CST Saturday Her death came just one hour after the president had taken off from Washington to be at her bed side Dr Joseph Greene the family physician said Mrs Truman had been unconscious since Friday night but that she was able to converse with him Friday and that she was alert at that time al though her condition had been exceedingly critical ever since she suffered a setback last week He telephoned the president at Washington Saturday morning in forming him that Mrs Truman probably could not live through the day Mr Truman immediate ly took off for Grandview Just before leaving the presi dent signed in his plane legisla tion unifying the armed forces un der a single secretary of defense Mr Truman delayed his depart ure for 17 minutes to sign the bill which was rushed to him from the capitol after having cleared congress Friday Mrs Truman spry and in gen eral good health despite her ad vanced years suffered a fracture of the right hip last Feb 13 She fell as she was preparing to retire in the yellow frame bungalow where she had lived with her daughter Miss Mary Jane Tru man for many years It was the 3rd time In 7 years that she had suffered a similar in jury In 1940 she fell fracturing her left hip Again in 1944 she fell fracturing the same hip and her left shoulder Recovery from those injuries was complete After the 3rd accident Mr Tru man flew home spent 2 days with his mother and left with encour aging news of her progress Three times since then he flew out to be at her bedside and each time physicians reported that the break was knitting and she would walk again They praised her fighting heart her will to get well and the care given her by Miss Truman For several hours a day she sat in her wheel chair Then on May 9 complications involving the liver developed She began carrying a temperature Brig General Wallace Graham the white house1 physician flew here from San Antonio where he was on temporary duty and re mained with her He reported that the complica tion was cleared up and that he was planning on having her try walking within a few days How ever on May 16 she suffered 2 sinking spells General Graham ascribed the condition to a weak ening heart President Truman notified of the situation flew home landing in a thunderstorm Cheered by the arrival of her son Mrs Truman was able to sit up for 3 hours the next day talk ing with the president and other members of the family Retail Food Price Index Hits New High Washington 8 per cent rise in red meat prices in June forced the retail food price index to a record high for the 3rd time since last December the labor de partment reported Saturday The meat price rise and a 2 per cent jump in egg prices forced the overall food index up 15 per cent for June to a new high of 1905 per cent above the 193539 average the department said The total rise in the year since the end of wartime controls was 31 per cent Lower prices were re ported for fats and oils coffee fruits and vegetables Soviet Occupation in Vienna Being Reduced Vienna Austrian gov ernment source reported Saturday that the Soviet occupation in Vi enna had been reduced from 60 000 to fewer than 15000 in the last 3 weeks The authoritative source which had access to reports from the Soviet zone was unable to ac count for the cut in Russian oc cupation forces Happy Birthday Snorts Shaw By RUSSELL LANDSTROM A P Staft Correspondent London Bernard Shaw 91 Saturday dismissed the occasion with snorts of mock ex asperation and the assertion that few others could have survived so much happy birthday rub bish Birthday celebrations are for those who think they can afford to waste time the Sage of Ayot St Idnvrence drowsy Hertford shire hamlet told his listeners recovered from the last birthday It nearly killed and it would have killed most men utters that word birthday1 in my presence shall be set down as a man to be avoided Since early Friday the post man has been delivering a good Mercury Hits Summer High in Mason City The mercury climbed to 92 at Saturday afternoon to set a new record of high temperature this summer and to put smiles on the perspiring faces of North Iowa farmers This was the kind of weather needed to put Iowas late corn crop over before frost The weather bureau explained that a mass of warm moist air from the Gulf of Mexico was over Iowa and that it had pierced the layer of cool air which had been providing lowans with pleasant weather in recent days Friday nights low in Mason City was 67 Low for the state was 63 at far cry from the low of 36 recorded at Decorah early this week Fridays high in Mason City was 81 compared with 86 at Burlington Hughes Says Elliott Not In Contract By JACK BELL AP Staff Correspondent Washington Hughes was reported Saturday to have denied specifically to the senate war investigating commit tee that Elliott Roosevelt had any thing to do with government award of a wartime plane contract to Hughes and Hen ry J Kaiser A member of the committee told a reporter pri vately he was present when Hughes testified behind closed d o o t s several weeks ago that the son of the late president contributed nothing toward obtaining the contract Senator Fer guson R said a subcommittee he heads has been looking in to reports that Elliott may have played a part in obtaining white house backing for he as having seen stoutly opposed by the armed services That apparently was one of the objectives of the committee in is suing a subpoena for certain pa pers in the files of the late Presi dent Roosevelt Most of these papers were de ivered to the committee Friday by Solon J Buck United States archi vist with the explanation In a let ter to Chairman Brewster R of the full committee that President Truman had approved he action because it would not violate the Intention of the late President Roosevelt as disclosed in such documents as are available Presumably the committee loped to find among these docu ments support for the contention of Ferguson and some other re publican members that white louse pressure had been used to obtain approval of the contracts after the war production board and other agencies had ruled against them Whether Elliott Roosevelt exert ed any influence in this situation seemingly has been one of the moving factors of the republicans who are in charge of the investiga tion HUGHES Larson to Michigan Des Moines General Robert L Larson has an nounced he will attend a midwest conference of the council of state jovernments at Mackinac Island VTich next Monday through Wednesday deal of happy birthday rubbish and telegrams from all over the the spacious comfortable exceedingly home like retreat of the playwright philosopher Shaw said he would spend his birthday working as usual in his outdoor study instead of gadding GEORGE SHAW at Birthdays Eastern Java Cut Off by Dutch Troops Batavia Netherlands communique said Saturday Dutch forces moving almost at will un der a fiery tropical sun had cleared a broad 150mile stretch of northwest coastal Java between Batavia and Cheribon and indi cated eastern Java now was firm ly in Dutch hands The Indonesian republican army claimed successes both in Java and Sumatra but most of these were categorically denied by the Dutch Americantrained Dutch ma rines and infantrymen were mop ping up both in eastern and west ern Java the Dutch communique said However the Dutch admitted sharpened Indonesian activity in the Modjokerto area 25 miles south of Soerabaja in east central Java The communique placed Dutch troops at Lawang 10 miles north of the republican stronghold of Malang which unofficial re ports earlier had said the Dutch had captured An Indonesian communique said republicans captured Modjokkerto and that the Dutch had not passed Lawang but that an 8tank spear head had been pushed back there The Dutch said the north coastal road stretching more than 50 miles between Soerabaja and Pro bolinggo was reopened reestab lishing communications with all east Java The latest republican communi que monitored here said a 40 minute skirmish occurred Friday at Modjokerto and that the Dutch lost li companies to the republi can underground while attempting to clear the city In a dispatch from Jogjakarta Indonesian capital in the interior Associated Press Correspondent Harris Jackson quoted Gen Soed irman the Indonesian commander as estimating Dutch losses in dead wounded and missing to date at 5000 men He said these included 2 battalions in west Java one in central Java 4 in east Java and 2 in Sumatra A Dutch communique said Netherlands casualties through Friday were 32 killed 50 wounded and 7 missing These figures often lag behind operational reports May Garsson Brothers Seek Appeal Extension Washington Con gressman Andrew J May and the arsson brothers each sentenced to 8 months to 2 years imprison ment Saturday sought an exten sion to Nov 17 to appeal their conviction on war fraud and brib ery charges Their notice of appeal was filed Friday immediately after they were sentenced by Federal Judge Henry A Schweinhaut Under normal procedure they would have to file their record with the court of appeals within 40 days or by Sept 3 Charles J Margiotti counsel for Henry i Garsson said tip ex was requested be cause of the vdjuhiirlous fecofd of the case Tesiirhony and argu lmentstobkfiip 47 court days about the country and winding up in London where he maintains an apartment He went to London a year still regrets it he says To anyone but Shaw it might seem adull day Up by a m for breakfast a quick digest of the news hi his den not later than a vegetarian lunch about 1 p m a nap during which no body dares disturb him and then an evening of walking working and fellowship with old friends One of Shaws dietary main stays is a salad of chopped vege tables which he says keeps my head completely clear and pre vents my thinking from becoming people ought to try it His health on the whole is con sidered better than it was a year ago Only his eyes give him any real trouble Intimates said it was unlikely Shaw would vary his routine Sat urday Despite Shaws birthday icono clasm he is obviously moved by the visit each year of a small girl usually riding a pony who bears greetings and good wishes from the village children In these moments Shaw has been known to remark that the world is not en tirely unregenerate At 91 Shaw perpetuates the myth of his me to die in peace he declared re cently but the truth is lies polishing up a play as yet un titled for the famed Malvern festival next year and has ambi tions to write further political economic and sociological trea tises BRITISH MISSION IN PLANE CRASH Were Returning From Trade Talk in Moscow London unsuccessful British trade mission to Moscow ended Saturday when the airplane returning the British delegation to London cracked up in landing Harold Wilson chief of the Brit ish delegation suffered rib injur ies Four other persons were hurt 1 seriously The 4motored York transport settled smoothly to the runway at Heathrow airdrome but then shot off the end of the field when the brakes failed to hold The under carriage collapsed and the plane slid into a ditch All 17 passengers and the crew of 7 were trapped for several minutes until rescue teams chopped open the plane Officials marveled that the plane did not burn Wilson before hustling off to see doctor said that on Monday he would give commons a full report on his 5 weeks of negotiations in Moscow He was able to buy some Russian timber and wooden braces for mines but attempts to pur chase huge supplies of grain failed Report Jobs Becoming Scarcer and Workers Making Fewer Shifts Washington are get ting scarcer and workers are mak ing fewer shifts from one occupa tion to another the labor depart ment reported Saturday The department noted that few er factory jobs were available last May than for any May since 1940 It said the narrowing of job op portunities was accompanied by a reduction in the number of per sons quitting work voluntarily AP Vflrcphoto OPENS SAFE CONTAINING LINCOLNS 1 minute after midnight EDT Friday night Dr C Percy Powell assistant division of manuscripts Li brary of Congress opened the safe containing the papers of Abraham Lincoln Congressional Librarian Luther Evans standing watches the ceremony in the document room of the library at Washington Lincolns Secret Papers Show Attempt to Avoid Civil War Scholars State No Skeletons Revealed m Rich Collection Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy with thundershowers probable Satur day night Sunday fair arida little cooler Low Saturday night 65 High Sunday mld80s Iowa Partly cloudy Saturday night Local thunderstorms northwest and extreme north portions Sunday fair and slightly cooler Low Saturday night 6570 High Sunday in mid and lower 80s Minnesota Partly cloudy Saturday night Scattered thundershowers east portion Sunday generally fair Moderate temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Saturday morning Maximum 81 Minimum 67 At 8 a m Saturday 76 Precipitation Trace YEAR AGO Maximum 78 Minimum 47 Truman Summer White House Gar Gets Ticket Kansas City Kans service men vowed Saturday that hereafter theyd be more careful with President Trumans summer white house car Police found the vehicle un locked Friday in a restricted load ing zone and promptly wrote out a ticket Mission Head Recommends American Equipment for Turks Washington Gen Lunsford E Oliver head of the U S military mission to Turkey said Saturday he has recommended the Turkish army be provided with American artillery trucks communi cations and road building equipment Oliver a tall greyhaired West Pointer from Nemaha Nebr said he was confident American aid would strengthen the Turkish army Congress has appropriated 000000 for the job The Turks have a fine army Oliver said I couldnt ask for any better fighting unit than a Turkish division with American equipment He said the Turks need new ar tillery because it is almost im possible to get ammunition for the Germanmade field pieces which they now have Oliver said the Turkish road system is in particularly bad shape and that American bull dozers and other mechanical equipment are needed to develop them as part of the military de fense network He said the Turks have plenty of small arms and some tanks They are getting locomotives from Czechoslovakia and some Mos quito bombers and Spitfire fight er planes from the British The Turks have plenty to eat and more wheat and meat than they need Oliver said They could help relieve the world food shortage if there were sufficient facilities for movement of these goods to ports He said there was no commun ism in the country and no 5th column Washington longse cret papers of Abraham opened to the public for the first time Saturday disclosed new evidence of his patient attempts to avoid war between the states Lincoln scholars after a mid night to noon appraisal of the 18 350 papers in the collection were unanimously enthusiastic over the content They called the collection rich in the details of the military po litical and personal aspects of Lincolns administration The dated documents span the period from May 1 1833 to April 14 day the president was fatally wounded by John Wilkes Booth Until Saturday the collection deposited in the Library of Con gress in 1929 had been locked up in accord with the will of the Civil War presidents son the late Robert Todd Lincoln A first study of the Items failed to yield any information which would require any considerable revision of written history the Library of Congress reported on the basis of the combined apprais al of experts Rather the statement con tinued the collection provides much needed ampliation clari fication and explanation of pas sages in history which have hither to been but imperfectly known The experts said hey found nothing bearing on Lincolns courtship of Ann Rutledge whose death thwarted their plans to be married The collection also failed to yield any new clues to the assas sination plot against Mr Lincoln or to end the recurrent specula tion over his legitimacy and that of his mother Nancy Hanks Lin coln No skeletons are brought out of the closet the scholars said The very complexity of the correspondence the variety of the persons and the minuteness of the details in which the president was concerned show him as one who had his finger continuously on the pulse of opinion and affairs as few other men might have done the statement said SAME DATE Black Uac means uaffle deatb la put M honrw Boxscore for Congressmen Washington is the boxscore of the first session of the 80th congress on major legisla tion measures designated X were requested by the president Bills Passed The TaftHartley labormanage ment bill enacted into law over a veto Unification of the armed serv ices under a single cabinet offi cer Permitting holders of terminal leave pay bonds to cash them after Sept 1 instead of holding them 5 years from the date of issue Designating the speaker of the house as successor to the presi dency in the event of simultane ous vacancies in the office of pres ident and vicepresident Limiting future and nullifying most past claims for portalto portal pay Continuing wartime excise tax rates Freezing at 1 per cent the so cial security payroll tax scheduled to rise next January 1 Retaining the 3cent rate on 1st class mail which otherwise would have dropped to 2 cents on July 1 Establishing a national science foundation to encourage scientific research Continuing the reconstruction finance corporation and the com modity credit corporation for an other year Continuing rent controls until next March1 but permitting vol untary increases up to 15 per cent on leases extending through 1948 The president asked for a longer extension and no Continuing export and import controls on strategic commodities Continuing controls on the use of industrial sugar Ending curbs on installment buying effective November 1 Creating a 12member commis sion to operation of the fed eral government with a view to promoting economy and efficien cy Ratifying treaties with Italy Hungary Bulgaria and Romania Providing for U S participation in the international refuge organ ization Authorizing the appropriation of for GreeceTurkey aid program Approving for appropriation a relief program for liberated European nations Bills Passed and Vetoed Reducing income taxes effective July 1 1947 Veto sustained Reducing income taxes effective next January 1 Veto sustained The TaftHartley bill Veto overridden Establishing import quotas and fees on wool Veto sustained Bills Still Pending Boosting the minimum hourly wage of workers in interstate in dustry from 40 Universal military training Outlawing poll tax payment as a prerequisite to voting for fed eral offices in primary or general elections passed by house only Government sponsored public health insurance A longrange housing bill InterAmerican arms standard ization and cooperation The St Lawrence seaway bill Formal authorization for the state departments Voice of Amer ica broadcasts passed by house only Funds for continuation of the warborn program on a re stricted basis were Permission for 400000 displaced Europeans to enter the United States Broadening of social security coverage Establishment of a statutory pro gram for checking the loyalty of all federal workers and job appli cants passed by house only Signs Fail to Daunt Tokyo Pickpockets Tokyo trying to do something to stop the lightfin gered gentry plastered Tokyo with signs reading A pickpocket watching you A policeman paused to read one of the signs While he was reading it a pickpocket lifted his wallet Iowa Man Killed in TrainTruck Collision Centcrville Harbour Jr 27 was killed Friday night near Rathbun when the truck in which he was riding was in a col lision with a Milwaukee freight train His brother Fred who was driving was seriously injured This was the 2nd auto fatality of the year for Appanoose county TRUMAN SIGNS BILL TO UNIFY ARMYANDNAVY Forrestal Gets 0 K of Senate Body as Secretary of Defense raced to ward adjournment Saturday in a hectic day that found President Trurnan signing 3 major bills into law and naming Secretary of Navy James Forrestal secreary of de fense before leaving on an emer gency flight to Missouri James V Forrestal was approv ed unanimously by the senate armed services committee Satur day as the new secretary of de fense Before taking off Mr Truman 1 Signed into law the armed fgrces unification bill He signed it in an unusual ceremony in the cabin of his plane just before tak ing off for Grandview 2 Nominated Forrestal to be the first secretary of defense under the law 3 Signed the bill which makes it possible for exGIs to cash their terminal leave bonds any time after Sept 1 4 Signed the in terior department appropriation bill which among other things carries funds for the big western reclamation projects The final day of the 80th con gress started out routinely but generated excitement as the legis lators turned on the heat so they could adjourn When congress goes home Satur day night it will leave behind sev en hectic months of work and strife and a record highlighted by basic labor reforms and two vain attempts to cut income taxes Congressional developments Flood control Senate house conferees agreed on a compromise figure of in the rivers and harbors bill which included funds for flood control in Iowa The Iowa flood control project amounts were Council Bluffs Des Moines Dry Run Missouri lev ees Sioux City to mouth 000 The rivers and harbors appro priation for Iowa consisted of 500000 for the Missouri river from Sioux City to Kansas City The 2 items knocked from the bill were for Oahe reservoir S Dak and for Red Rock reservoir Iowa Both were transferred to a plan ning program Oahe getting 000 for that purpose and Red Rock Credit sent to the white house Saturday a bill to end the governments control over installment buying on Nov 1 A veto was held likely since Presi dent Truman has opposed elimina tion of the controls as an infla tionary step Some government economists have advised him that the move would bring on another rise in the price of durable goods Wool house Satur day passed and sent to the white house a bill to continue until Dec 31 1948 the price support for do mestic wool The commodity credit corporation is directed to continue support prices at the 1946 level Foreign house Satur day passed and sent to the senate for final action a conference re port on a supple mental appropriation Most of the funds are for foreign aid includ ing for the Greek Turkish aid program The figure is less than originally approved by the senate and 000000 more than originally passed by the house Vet for final action on legislation to in crease the subsistence allowance of veteran college students faded rapidly Saturday as congress drove toward adjournment The senate has passed a bill which would increase the month ly subsistence allowances to for bachelor veterans for married men and for mar ried men with children Present law provides for single men and for married men with no credit for extra dependents A similar house bill is pending before the rules committee with no prospects of action by that group The measure can be brought to the house floor only by suspending the rules The house did however aid veteran in training It passed and sent to the white house a bill ex tending onthejob training bene fits to those working on farms As in other pnthejob training categories a single veteran would be eligible for a month and married veteran a month Other legislation passed and sent to the white house Saturday A bill extending the tax exemption for service men and women until Jan 1 1949 The bill ;