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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 26, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME PIM nd UnlUd Prea Full Wire MAKES AJL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS OPA AUTHORIZES PRICE CONVICTION OF NAZI LEADERS Says 22 Men Guilty of Conspiring to Wage Aggressive WAI Nuernberg Germany tice Robert H Jackson demanded the United States Friday that all the 22 nazi leaderl on trial on war crimes charges be fore the international military tri bunal be convicted as conspira tors to wage aggressive war Opening the prosecutions sum mation for the allied nations affainst Hermann Goering and his 21 codefendants after 8 months of testimony and debate Jackson Adolf Hitlers acts are their acts His pilt is the guUt of the whole dock and every man in it Jackson was followed by the chief British prosecutor Sir Hart ley W Shawcross who declared the prisoners 1 murders ared they thecold calculated deliberate attempt to destroy na tions and races to disintegrate the traditions the institutions and the ivery existence of free and an znurder con mass production in the gas chambers and sine ovens of death camps For the first time in several months there hardly was an empty seat in the courtroom Rudolf Hess the 3rd ranking German before he parachuted info Scotland andstarted his incredi 1 hoax was the only defendant beside III for Hearing GARSSON FIRM INVESTIGATION GETS APPROVAL Fridays state convention ro these 3 candidates met They an contest for the secretary of state nomination at Oeft handshakes Were in Biandy Feels ABomb Sure Death to Target Ships Men Aboard the V Once whea Jackson was relat h Vhe army navy defendants except Ernst i nner once head secret police seemed to Jacksons biting rema7ksEvenJhc Isrinned widely when Jackson de that of i was of the im func he of Ms srestapo SS were some Franz Von Papen the wily old iplomatic schemer shook his head Sadly when Jackson said he was ne of the men who made Hitler the and jmunty of democratic people lapen had been chancellor before litler took power the antise publisher paid little atten Ion Arthur SeyssInquart HiU Sirs ruler in Holland and earlier Austria appeared to doze sever times Most defendants appeared to en By Jacksons remarks about the rrtunes in art treasures which joering looted The former reichs just shook his head as if were a man amazed Other defendants whose verv ives were in the balance were jrmer lamer minister Joachim Field Marshal Col Gen Alfred Grand Adm Karl Doenitz Schacht former econom tS and presi ent Walther Funk Schachts sue IL Wednesday Sank the 26100 ton battlesh Arkansas and the 33000 ton ca ner Saratoga so grievous wounded the Japanese battlesh Kagato that she still is developin a list left the destroyer Hughe in imminent danger of sinkin sank some lighter craft a spread so much radioactivity tha 24 hours later 36 square miles o water are contaminated frozen the Alfred Rosenberg nzi arty philosopher Hans Frank oc upation governor of PolandWil elm Frick minister of the inter or Constantin Von Neurath form hr protector ot Bohemia and Frit2 Munitions Minister Albert Speer1 Hans Fritsche and ffouth Leader Baldur Von Schirach Deceive 500 Reports of Fire Balls in Sweden Swedish received more 500 reports so far this month rm observers who said they saw lngv ilre bals skimming the sky Swedish news apers said Sweden is a testing hnge for rocket missiles I Some of the reports said the lissiles looked like swans with It a head or seagulls IMany Swedes are convinced the nching grounds are somewhere Russiancontrolled territory tr Finland Searchers have been tble to recover any of the mis s to determine their origin ause they landed in lakes or er inaccessible places All are Jig recorded on maps blast the Hughes was towed by tug late Friday to Enyu island i Bikini lagoon The tug require more than an hour to tow th Hughes from her target position where she was settling rapidly t Enyu about 3 miles away Don Whiteheafl of The Asso elated Press aftsr a flight ove the lagoon Friday said the bom proved it is a killer of ship within a halfmile same radius of sudden death i the July l air burst test as we on the New Mexico sands las year In the 2 Bikini tests no ship Within that radius has survives and the power of the bomb ha extended beyond it The radioactivity within the la goon bars a thorough check bu t is definitely knowr that the thunderous explosion accounted for the Arkansas the Saratoga a concrete yard oiler a tankland ing ship and the medium landing ship from which the bomb suspended Aerial observers had said posi tions of buoys indicated that 5 o the submarines submerged for th test were sunk but Admiral Biandy said Friday the evidence was inconclusive Charles McMurtry of the As sociated Press flying over the la goon Friday in a C5J reported back that 2 or 3 submarines were sunk McMurtry whose plane flew as low as 400 feet said he saw no sign of any animal life but added it has not been disclosed whether any of the 1500 animals in the test were placed above decks Biandy said that had the ships been manned in addition to loss of life on the decks il is highly probable that many of those be low decks woulfl have been in b lhe vi the blast shock of The admiral also observed The unmanned drone airplane 6000 feet directly over the bomb burst was damaged even though this explosion had to travel through a cushion of water to reach the air The bomb was about equal to others ot the Nagasaki type This refers to the atom bomb which wrecked onethird of that Japa nese city during the war Transports and other light wcijrht ships failed to sink In any numbers because they were far ther away from the center of the exolosion than the Arkansas and Saratoga The animals now isolated by radioactive waters from attention have a 10 days supply of food and water on the target if they are alive Admiral Biandy when asked is it true you arranged the tar get ships to permit the sinking ot the Arkansas and Saratoga answered Apparently Then he quickly aplified we were not planning to sink any particular ship by name Biandy emphasized that the penis of bombcreated waves are not to be minimized One landing ship at Bikini beach was swamped by one or more of the 20 waves that rolled ashore despite the fact that these waves were reported as less than 10 feet high Get Waste Paper Out Early on Saturday Mason Citys waste paper drive will be held Saturday morning It will be the Jast paper drive until after school starts Bundles snouid be tied and at the curb early so that the trucks can make collections any time after 8 a m Waste paper is urgently needed Weather Report Republicans Elect at Convention Chair man Willis York ef Madrid won commander of reelection as 6th district central committeeman and 2 new mem jeen goners of the central committee were a postblast cilose m district caucuses which opened the republican state con vention here Friday Whitney Gilliiand of Gienwood won the committeeman post in the 7th district to succeed G C Wy land Avoca who retired George Hurley Harlan opposed Gilliiand W Keith Hamil 51 Newton at torney and Jasper county chair man for 21 years was elected state committeeman unanimously in the 4th district succeeding H E White Ottumwa The contest for the secretary of state nomination came into the picture at some of the district cou cuses The 7th district pledged its 366 votes to secretary of state Wayne M Hopes of Onawa who lost to Miller in the June 3 primary Bollo Bergeson 35 Sioux City former deputy secretary under Miller was endorsed by his 8th district caucus with the exception which dissented The 4th district didnt take a stand but delegates applauded a speech by Leo Hoegh Chariton who asked them to support Berge son Hughes J Bryant Mason Ciiy and a representative of Jack Pinta Manly were introduced at the 3rd district caucus Both are candi dates from that district President Truman and his dem ocratic administration were blasted by two speakers at general con vention sessions Gov Robert I Blue of Iowa declared the people are weary of deficits inflation black mar FORECAST ilason City Fair and warmer Fri day night and Saturday fol lowed by showers Saturday evening or night owa Generally fair and warmer Friday night and Saturday ex cept thundershowers western sections late Saturday spreading across state Saturday night Iowas FivcDay Outlook Tem peratures will average 13 de grees above normal State nor mal 76 Warmer Satur day Little change Sunday be coming warmer again Tuesday and Wednesday Precipitation will average light occurring as scattered thundershowers Sat urday night and Sunday and again about Wednesday linnesofa Generally fair and warmer Friday night and Sat urday followed by scattered thundershowers Saturday night IN MASON CITY lobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Friday morning Maximum 70 Minimum 47 At 8 a m Friday 68 iTEAR AGO Maximum o3 Minimum 57 lljctl Xets shortages economic war and want a change in Washington in 1948 and they will get it Gov Andrew F Schoeppel of Kansas kcynoted the convention with an assertion that this year the republican party has a real opportunity to win control of congress and declared it would revitalize the spirit of represen tative government for 1948 He said President Truman got a less drastic OPA bill from con gress the second time because he insisted on all power or nothing Other members of the state con vention all of whom elected are A L Doud and Mrs Margaret Hmderman Wapello first district Harvey M Lange Dubuque and Mrs Arlene Raymond Indepen dence second district W G Hen ke Charles City and Mrs Ger trude Wilharm Sumner third dis trict Mrs Lloyd Thurston Osce v3 Charles E van Werden Wmterset and Mrs Alice 5 Figg Des Moines fifth district Mrs Georgianna Amsden Webster City sixth district A A Coburn Cherokee and Mrs Helen Vander burg Boyden eighth district Kyser Has Operation Hollywood Kay yf WJ resting com fortably Friday following a hernia operation Thursday Truman Gives 0 K for Income Tax Inquiry Into Munitions Group Washington forma statement from the senate war investigating committee said Fri day that Rep May D Ky wa suffering from a heart condition which although chronic has re cently become aggravated The committee said that It has examined Dr Henry M Lowdeii Mays physician under oath ant hat Lowden and Warren E flla gee Mays attorney had agreed with the committee on the issu ance of a public statement May was to have begun tesli nony Friday on his activities in Behalf of the Garsson munitions combine now under war profits nvestigation In Dr Lowdens opinion the statement said it is inadvisable for Mr May to appear as a wit ness before the committee in his resent condition Dr Lowden estimates that if ecovery is as expected Mr May vill be able to appear before the ommittee in 10 days to 2 weeks ut even then should not be ques ioned at lengthy more than 2 hours a day The day brought these other prime developments Chairman aiead D N Y of he senate investigators went to he white house with a formal on President Truman for authority to look info income tax late of hose involved in the In quiry into the Garsson combine He indicated presidential an Labor department files con fining an unsigned conclusion lat Murray Garsson a key fig ire in the munitions combine at tempted to use his former position as a labor department official to force his way into a highpaying Hollywood movie job went into the investigating committees rec ords The conclusion was contained in an undated memorandum the author not identified in a labor department file on Garsson The senate committee obtained the de partments files in connection with its current inquiry The same memorandum de clared that Garsson a former labor department immigration in vestigator was on friendly terms with Al Capone and visited the prohibition era gangster alone in the Cook county jail Chicago BRITlSPOLICE ARREST 1000 Round Up Suspects in Palestine Riots Jerusalem police and intelligence agents supported by mobile patrols Friday rounded up more than 1000 persons sus pected of carrying out attacks and violent operations Many of hose arrested had been taken into custody In previ ous roundups but were released on parole wifh a requirement that hey remain in theirhomes after sunset and report to the police twice a day These persons were arrested in their homes or when they went to police stations to report Patrols also arrested all Jews who had been detained in Eritrea and re leased only recently Ten more bodies were taken from the debris of the King David hotel Friday to bring the casualty figures of the bombing to 7fi dead 33 missing and 46 injured for Palestine Violence Paris Guy M Gillette former democratic U S senator from Iowa Friday blamed Britain for the bombing of the King David hotel and other violence in Pales tine Gillette who is enroute to the holy land on behalf of the Amer ican league for a free Palestine is alundant evidence that the state of unrest in Pales tine was caused by a policy of re pression in the British admmis tration Waste paper is urgently needed Dont throw it away The Boy Scouts wll call for it each month Indict Heirens for Lipstick Degnan Cases Chicago were eturned Friday charging William Heirens with murder in the kid lapslaying of Suzanne Degnan nd the lipstick killing of Fran es Brown but his attorneys in icated the youths defense might e based ona plea ofinsanity The 2 indictments contained olal of 8 counts chargingthe 1 ear old university student wil IranEtins Suzanne with his hand nd with a length of picture wh ist Jan 7 and with shooting an exWAVE Frances Brow n her apartment on Dec 10 191 he indictments were relume before Chief Justice Harold G Ward in criminal court Thursday the grand jury vote true bills naming Heirens as th killer in both bizarre cases The year old Suzanne was taken fron her home the night of Jan 7 he body butchered and distributed in sewer catch basins in the neigh borhood Miss Browns nude was draped over her bathtub anc a message reading For heaven sake catch me before I kill more I cannot control myself was lef m lipstick on the wall Friday one of Heirens attorneys said the youth would undergo a sanity test after he is arraignec on the 2 charges next week The attorney who declined 1o Permit use of his name said a 10 days to 2 weeks continuance would be sought on the murder charges to permit the examination The announcement came on the heels of a statement from Roland Towle another defense attorney that he believed the 17 year ok youth definitely had a split per sonality1 and that an insanity plea was a possibility If a jury is Impaneled to pass on the youths sanity it would not go into his guilt or innocence in the murder charges If the youth were found insane he would be remanded to a mental institution until and if he adjudged sane If the jury found him sane he would be required to enter a plea to the charges and stand trial but the youths attorneys still could base their defense on a contention of insanity A person is considered legally sane in Illinois if he can distin guish right from wrong He is con sidered medically insane however n be is subject to any compulsive act depriving him of freedom of choice Judges Butler and Beardmore Nominated Charles CityJudiciary conven rtprn r n democratic parties were held in Charles City Thursday and Judge T A Beardmore of Charles City and Judge w P Butler of Mason were nominated for the yea term commencing Jan 1 by both conventionsTheir nominations will be voted upon in the fall elec CONTROLS ARE STRIPPED FROM SEVERAL ITEMS Many Household Goods Are Released Fuels Shoes Get Price Boosts Washington than 24 hours after getting a new start in life OPA Friday hiked June 30 prices on numerous items and lifted controls from many others All of he agencys actions had been planmd weeks agro but had been held up by the 25day price control coma which began with the lapse of OPA authority on On tap were a long list of other orders governing prices on hun dreds of items But nons was in the works yet for the restoration of price ceilings on several major items in the fam ily meat dairy products eggs poultry grains tobacco and petroleum These were exempted from price eilmgs at least until Aug 20 by OPA revival law which Presi dent Truman reluctantly sljmea late Thursday The price boosts authorized Fri day are temporary and may be reviewed under standards set up by the new OPA law Included were increases ranging from 6 to 8 cents a ton on coal coke anthracite and similar solid fuels Some retail shoe price ceilings were upped about 8 per cent Stripped from the controlled list vere such miscellaneous items as lousehold television setsirubber floor mats umbrella frames and certain types of clocks Senator Taft R Ohio called riday for an immediate an nouncement that beef and grain ceilings will not be restored He ssued a statement saying that President Truman had signed a ance control bill far more infla mnary than the one he vetoed on June 29 Meanwhile as the warborn gency came back to life after 25 ays of legal death there were hese developments 1 Mr Truman in a message to ongress Thursday night cxplain ng why he had signed the revival pleasure with reluctance cau loned that it by no means guar ed white men 5 inflation can be avoid farmer and 4 he added does Negroes on a secluded northeast m respect he will call a Georgia rosd late Thursday SherSPec SC5slon to strengthen it and iff E S Gordon sairt Possibly hike taxes 0 S TO PROBE NEGRO SWINGS 4 Are Shot to Death by Southern White Men Washington tp Attorney General Tom Clarks office an nounced Friday that he has or dered a complete investigation into the slayings of 4Negroes near Monroe Ga Thursday The announcement said without further elaboration that the in Quiry would be carried out by the civil rights section of the depart ment of justice A band of armed waylaid a white Gordon said Friday and while holding the white man at gun pomt shot the Negroes to death One of the Negroes Roger Mal colm 27 he sheriff said had just Been released from jail under S600 bond on charges of stabbing his employer Barney Hester a farmer The sheriff identified the other Negroes as Malcolms wife and George Dorsey and his wife The Negroes riding in an auto mobile with Loy Harrison a farm er were enroute from Monroe to Harrison s farm in adjoining at a bridge over the Apalache river the sheriff said Harrison at a coroners inques Thursday night the sheriff said testified that he could not identify any member of the band which waylaid him The jury returned a verdict of death at the hands of unknown parties SISTER KENNY IN MINNEAPOLIS Arrives to Help in Fight Against Polio Minneapolis Eliza eth Kenny arrived here from Au tra ilia Friday to help direct the I K galnst infantile paralysis vhich hasclaimed 295 patients nd taken 25 lives in the fmn ities this year Minneapolis has had 154 res ent cases since Jan 1 and 145 ince July l the starting date of he current outbreak Eleven Min oapolis residents have died since he first of the year and 11 out e patients also have su FoIIard city u y ealth department ordered 6 more suction operative units from hicago Six were flown nonstop rom there Thursday to help meet he emergency ymtei Despite relative decline in the evenly of the disease Minneapo s aquatennial officials after con Dr F J Hill city ealth commissioner cancelled the hildrens wonderland scheduled Friday connection vith the citys annual summer fes their 2 Congressional leaders quickly said they saw no prospect what ever of boosting tax rates And Senator Wherry R a leading OPA critic added to a reporter that any special session might result instead in complete abolition of the agency R Wason of the National Association of Manu facturers said in a statement in New York NAM still opposes OPA because it restricts the free dom of tha American people and substitutes the price judgments of a few superbureaucrats for the judgments of 40 million America housewives who have given us 4week demonstration of thei own ability to control prices Wasonaddedthat manufactur ing industry of course can be counted on to keep its prices as low wages and other costs per 4 The CIO Unilca Auto Work ers announced in Detroit they wffl continue their OPAhoIiday buy ers strike because as UAW Presi dent Walter P Reuther put it in a statement This bill only pre tends to restore price control Ac tually it legalizes inflation on many commodities 5 In Chicago the American meat institute declared that Mr Tru mans signing of the bill threat ens to renew chaos in the meat industry just as consumers are be ginning to enjoy more meat Most of the orders OPA stacked up for issuance Friday were ready lor announcement when the agencys authority lapsed July 1 One permits an 8 per cent shoe price increase for example while the majority of the others affect industrial equipment and ma terials In every case they arc based on previous OPA pricing standards The new law sets up new guides lor higher ceilings but gives OPA 30 to 60 days to put these into ef fect The bill Mr Truman and which he said fell far short of what is needed for stable prices temporarily all ceilings which were in effect June 30 ex cept those on commodities speci fically exempted It also automatically reestab ijshes previous rent controls 320 areas OPAs eviction noti h t that the the restoration in ce went back announced of federal controVnullified all state and lo cai rent laws in rent laws iince June 30 in effect ;