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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 26, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT Of HISTORY AND ARCHIVES DES KOINES IA THE NEWSTAKR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS AssoeUted Tom and United Pnv raU lend Five MASON Cmr IOWA WEDNESDAY JULY ZS Tills Ffepet ol Two One NO 251 GERMANS WEAKEN Battered Nazis Retreat to East Bank of Vistula NORMANDY OTHER SOVIET UNITS PIERCE LWOW DEFENSE Russian Drive Carries to Within 142 Miles of Silesia 358 of Berlin BULLETIN London Moscow broad cast said Wednesday that Ameri can planes now are operating from Russia against targets on the eastern front By DANIEL DE LUCE Moscow Cos sacks drove the severely mauled Germans to the east bank of the Wisla river Wednesday in the Pulawy area 66 miles southeast of threatened Warsaw Far be hind the front other Russians surrounded the battered German garrison inside Lwow and broke into that great rail center Around Pulawy the Russians were within 358 miles ot Berlin The drive also carried to within 142 miles ot German Silesia Beyond the Wisla a rolling plain ideal for tanks and horse men such as the heavily armed Cossacks invites swift advance Other Russians driving fronlal ly on Warsaw along the main trunk railway from Kiev were reported between 40 and 50 miles from the Polish capital Hungary and CzechoSlovakia pathof Russian army group which vir tually surrounded Stanislawow and reached within 28 miles of the Hungarianheld Tatar pass in Carpathians The German news agency Transocean said in a broadcast that some ol the greatest battles ol this war now are raging on the river San nnd on the ap proaches to the Within 50 miles of Warsaw symbol ot the Polish peoples he roism in 1939 joint RussianPo lish forces under the supreme command of Marshal Konstantin K Rokossovsky savagely engaged German reserves attempting to stabilize the sector between the Polish capital and the Siedlce area Gen Ivan Baeramians first Baltic army encircled Bvinsk largest city in eastern Latvia after severing the railway line to Riga 104 miles to the northwest Higa capture of which would destroy the center of the German front along the Baltic coast iso late resisting divisions in Estonia anc speed up the Finnish capitu lation was less than 70 miles dis tant from soviet troops pushing due north from middle Lithuania Gen Ivan Cherniakovsky and Gen G F Zakharov have teamed their 3rd and 2nd White Russian v armies for mammoth blows against the approaches of East Prussia The battle for the Suwalki tri angle Hitler claimed for incorporation into East Prussia in 1939 was marked by a soviet ad vance from captured jpsk 3 miles from the triangle border Front reports said the red army spearhead was within 25 miles of East Prussia Solidly ringed by soviet steel the decimated German defenders of Brest Ijtovsk clung to the ruined buildings of the town but mopping up operations by the Russians went on methodically Allied Task Forces Strike at WidelySeparated Jap Pacific Island Fortresses By THE ASSOCIATED FRESS Powerful allied haval task forces operating 3000 miles apart have assaulted Palau in the western Pacific and Sabang in the Dutch East Indies the Japanese radio said Wednesday A U S task force made up chief ly of carriers struck Palau on an unspecified date Tokyo said and 2 out of 30 attacking planes were shot down This unconfirmed an nouncement added in the usual Japanese vein that damage was small Cruisers destroyers submarines and carrier planes hit Sabang Tuesday the Japanese said in an other unconfirmed broadcast raid ing the harbor and city there Two allied destroyers and a submarine were sunk Tokyo said Sabang situated on an island just off northwest Sumatra was last attacked April 19 by a Brilish Amcrican French Dutch naval force which smashed nearly every military installation in sight The Palau attack if true was a logical followup to the steady American progress on invaded Guam and Tinian to the north in the Marianas Palau is one of Japans most strategic sea fortresses and har bors the center of her south sea government Its 100 islands shield the southern Philippines Their geography explains its impor tance It lies 560 miles east of Mindanao 810 miles southwest at Guam 800 miles northwest of Hol landia Gen MaeArthurs big base ROBOT BOMBS BLAST LONDON Intense Antiaircraft Barrage Downs Many London UR The German launched the most violent robo bomb attack the war agains one south England area Wednes day and British antiaircraft bat teries and fighters shot thepow ered bombs out oE the skies a the rate nearly one every minutes This violent attack followed th earlier killing of 2 patients an the trapping of many others the flaming wreckage of a Londo hospital hit by a 2000pound robot The biggest barrage put up since the robot blitz began was thrown up in the path of the in vading projectiles and some were shot from the sky before they crossed the coast Others were downed by guns in rural areas One coastal observer said that as a result oE the intense defense measures the flying bombs went down like 9pins Hundreds of patients in the Yanks Advance 4 Miles Inland Supreme Headquarters AEF American ar mored columns leading a frontwide offensive by Gen Omar N Bradleys 1st army smashed through the German lines in Normandy Wednesday and captured the highway towns of Marigny and St Gilles southwest of St Lo as they drove inland up to 4 miles Marigny 7 miles from St Lo and the biggest town on the Coutances highway and St Gilles midway between Marigny DANGEROUS soldiers near St Lo in Normandy race across a road which is under enemy fire In left background is an American truck which has been hit and partially burned AP Wirephoto Kayenay engraving Hitler Mobilizing Nazis U SArgentina Relations Move Toward Swift Climax Both Governments Prepare to Issue Policy Statements on New Guinea and is close to the Dutch East Indies The islands were hit a stunning 3day blow starting March 29 Task force most powerful and destructive naval unit in the history of sea 28 Japanese ships and about 200 planes in the first V S foray into the western Carolines Most of the enemy fleet tipped of 58s coming fled out of harms way but the blow paved the way for the Saipan landings in June In 5 days of hard fighting mar ines and army troops joined beach heads on Guam and started grind ing down Japanese forces trapped on Orote peninsula southern arm of Apra harbor The beaches are well secured and theres nothing the Japs can do now torun us off said Maj Gen Roy Geiger chief of Ameri can land forces on Guam Doomed enemy troops jumped in the ocean when land and sea artillery opened heavy fire on Orote An airfield a naval base and Agana Guams capital were the American objec tives On Tinian 125 miles northward warship andplane bombardments split the Jap forces in two Japa nese troops suicidally rushed against the U S troops on the first night of invasion screaming and waving samaurai swords They were cut down like wheat The invaders control part of an airstrip In 5 days at least 2400 Guam Japanese were killed against a total of 443 U S dead Two days of fighting on Tinian cost the Americans K dead and 225 wound ed against 1324 Japanese known dead Gen MacArthur reported shat tered enemy units apparently were regrouping for another lunge against the trap encircling them on New Guinea Many Japanese have died in previous attempts London hospital escaped death or injury because the projectile exV ploded in an empty anesthetics dispensary The dispensaryburned rapidly and spread to nearby wards but swift rescue work saved the vast majority pa tients Two elderly men patients in a ward set aside tor the aged and infirm were known to have been killed by the explosion and one nurse was listed among the known missing Other flying bombs continued to fall on the southern districts through the early daylight hours one of them damaging an apart ment house and trapping a num ber of tenants in the ruins The Rood to Berlin By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS f r o n mile measured from miles from Troarn near f r o n from mile Washington smoul dering differences between the TTnifec States and Argentina moved towardVa climax Wednes day as both governments pre pared to issue policy statements to bring thecontroversy into the open A promise of an early and full statement of international policy was made by Argentina Tuesday in announcing the recall of her ambassador in Washington The recall was precipitated by a be made public Secretary of State Cordell Hull sent other Latin American governments to delin eate U S policy toward Argen tina Hulls memorandum was under stood to be couched in strong language to place upon Argen tina the responsibility lor under mining the structure of continen tal solidarity and to state that for thisreason the United States sees no reason for recognizing the government of Argentine Presi dent Edelmiro Farrell Hull waT said to have made it tO Per Cent of Take Standard Rate for Tips to Chicago Burglars Chicago per cent of the take is the standard rate for tipotfs for burglaries here and the tipster exposes himself to no risk William Walker 40 testified Tuesday that he had given Mencel Urban St Louis and Ray Fischell and William J Roche both of Chi cago the tip that led to a S700 robbery last March at the Olson Transport company and that they paid him 10 per cent for his in formation Thats the standard rate in Chi cago Walker explained 8th Time Is Charm Los Anceles time says Mrs Euldene Hughes shes going through with her divorce action She has started suit 7 times previously against Aloysius Wallace May Head Postwar Organization on World Food Prices Washington Presi dent Wallace was suggested in official quarters Wednesday as a possible head for a postwar in ternational organization to stabi lize prices and supplies of food and farm products Such an organization was ad vocated by the united nations food conference held at Hot Springs Va a year ago A report on a proposed constitution for it is ex pected within 2 weeks Now that Wallace defeated for renomination will be free to as sume other activities when his term as vice president expires in January no matter who wins the November elections some Ameri can officials are suggesting him for the chief executive post of the international farm organization The suggestions come particularly from the agriculture department P Hughes the first time in 1931 where he served 8 years as sec All 7 times they were reconciled I relary ALL THAT IS LEFT OF MALIN an old CzechoSlovak settlement recently liberated by the red army is shown here in the charred embers of the village church Only inhabitants who escaped death when the Germans razed the village were those who happened to be working in the field and 3 others who jumped from the burning buildings Devastated Malin recalls earlier rapes of Lidice and Lezaky in occupied CzechoSlovakia clear that only by a major change in basic policy can the present Argentine government hope to gain U S recognition A hint of the tone that the Argentine statement will take was provided in the BuenosAirej governments explanation o tlie recall of its ambassador Adrian Escobar That action it said was in retaliation for statements re garding Argentinas position at tributed to the U S secretary of state3 which if confirmed would constitute expressions which the government and people of Argen tina could not accept without im pairment of their dignity In confirming that he had sent the memorandum to other Amer ican nations Hull emphasized that he was talking about the Argentine government and not the Argentine people His memo was understood to point out that while Argentina has broken relations with the axis it is the contention of the United States that she has not followed through with actions implement ing the break but in fact has sometimes given assistance to the axis Escobar announced that he would leave the United States as soon as possible It was under stood that he had obtained a pri ority for reservations aboard a plane scheduled to leave for Buenos Aires next Tuesday MuchNeeded Rain Benefits Midwest Corn Chicago fell over a wide section of the midwest Wed nesday and corn crops in that area menaced by a drought were greatly benefited said the U S weather bureau The heavy thundershowers said Forecaster H L Jacobson struck just where they were most need ed and the downpours he added are bound to help the corn crops Corn in Iowa the countrys largest producing state was re ported in fair to good and no drought conditions had been re ported Conditions in Kansas also a heavy corn producer re ported good folloving recent making rain Thundershowers were forecast to continue Wednesday for the center of the druoght area extending from the middle Atlantic states lo the Missouri river Jacobson said The corn outlook in Ohio was described as serious Tuesday by the Ohio State University exten sion department The Illinois corn crop Tuesday was termed by state agricultural officials in the critical stage of its growing season and unless good rains come within a week or 10 days there will be a great decline in prospects Wednesdays heavy rains Jacobson said would greatly help the crops in Illinois Minnesota and Wisconsin with Iowa have had sufficient rainfall for the corn crops the forccnsler said TIDE WILL TURN GOEBBELS SAYS Predicts Change for Better Soon in Russia BULLETIN London Propaganda Minister Paul Joseph GoebeU told the German people in a nation wide broadcast Wednesday that the new total mobilization ordered by Adolf Hitler would soon turn the tide of battle in Germanys fa vor particularly on the eastern front By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS London Hitler hav ing in effect placed the reich and occupied territories under an arch nazi big four was believed Wed nesday to be preparing a general mobilization of all manpower in that part of Europe under German control for a last ditch defense of naziism A German news agency dis patch reaching Madrid quoted a German foreign office spokesman as saying that Germany herself was going to create new and im portant military reserves and that other countries allied with Ger many would not be far behind in this program despite the cost Propaganda Chief Paul Joseph Goebbels newly named by Hitler as reichs commissar for total mobilization for war has become executor to Reichsmarshal Her mann Wilhelm Goering who was appointed by Hitler Tuesday night as chairman of the ministerial council for defense of the reich Thus Goering becomes a dictator over all private and public life in Germany Ho1 was charged with a total overhaul of state admin istration and public services with the purpose of freeing the maxi mum manpower for the German and St Lo were the first prizes in the breakthrough offensive which overran some half dozen towns and villages in the first few hours of the drive Front dispatches reported that Bradleya armor in scoring the 2nd big breakthrough of the Normandy campaign and the first by massed American tanks on which sharpshooting dough boys rode had Wasted a 4 mile wide gap in the German defenses Reports reaching allied head quarters indicated the German command was gambling every thing on containing the allied bridgehead in the Normandy peninsula aller discarding a pro posal by Marshal Gercl von Hund stedt former commander in the west to withdraw behind the Seine and Loire rivers to take ndvantage ot shorter commuriica ions AdoIC Hitlers advisers feared thatsuch a withdrawal coming on top of the German reverses ii hc east and south would spread panic through Germany despite its strategic advantages infor1 rnants said As a result all avail able reserves were shifted to Nor mandy with as many as 15 to 20 crack panzer and infantry divi sions being concentrated along a 12mile front around Caen McMillan said the Germans threw 30 to 40 tanks of all types into the counterattack that forced the Canadians from the center ot Tillyla CampaeneAlmost con tinuous counterattacks Tuesday also forced the 2nd army to yield advance positions in MaySur Orne SK miles south of Caen but it still was holding firmly to newly captured St Martinde Forienay and Verrieres betwcer IMaySurOrnc and Tillyla Cam name British artillery was giving the 2nd army thunderous support McMillan said but aerial bom jardment was needed to turn the ide of battle decisively The Ger mans were reported moving addi tional armor into the sector be low Caen from the Caumont area west of the Orne James McGHncy United Press war correspondent Gen Omar N Braclleys 1st army saic the new American assault begni early Wednesday morning witl close air supnort though not on the scale of Tuesdays recorc 3000plane bombardment He identified the scene nf th attack as on the left flank hu it was not clear immediate whether it was on he American or the enemys left flank Other front dispatches said th Americans were gaining momen turn in the offensive launche Tuesday PLANES AGAIN SUPPORT U S DRIVE IN FORCE Blaze Trail for New Dawn Thrust South of Vital St Lo Highway London S Marauders and fighterbombers again sup ported the American first army Wednesday smashing at German positions wave on wave and blaz ing the trail for n new dawn thrust south ot the PeriersSt Lo road The dawn attack in Normandy followed RAF assaults in great strength over Germany Stuttgart nginccriug and rail center was aturuted for the 2nd successive ight The British also struck crlin Bremen Mannheim and raimeEickel despite severe Eectrical storms By midafternoon the medium ombers had conducted a virtual tmttle service over the Norman y battle grounds They attacked lazi troops tanks and field ar illery positions German fighters lid not appear andallAmerican planes returned to bases safely Up to 500 escorted American heavy bombers attacked military argets in Vienna an oil refinery n Albania and transport in the agrebBrod sector ot Yugoslavia 11 flights from Italy British Mitchell and Boston omuers lit oiE and gasoline dumps near Alemion in France ate in he day starting 3 ires least 3 challenging German ilancs were destroyed In 10 days he allied air forces over France liavc blasted 35 fuel dumps be weeu the Seine and a line be wccn Rcnnes anil Tours supreme headquarters said Approximately 1000 4engincd British bombers and o large num ber lesser craft participated in the overnight assaults which were carried out at a total cost of 13 planes Around 4500 tactical ssorties were flown in support of infantry Tuesday including the more than 3000 blasting a 10mile square path for the American thrust The Germans did not oppose the American support fleet but sent up interceptors in some strength elsewhere During Tues day 30 German planes were shot down 25 allied planes were lost NAZI GENERAL DEAD New York British ra dio said Wednesday that reports spreading among German forces in Poland say that Field Marshal Ernest Von Busch until recently commander of the central front has committed army and the arms industry and of adapting the entire public life in every possible respect to the demands of total war Forming the big four of nazi ism to direct Germanys death battle are Hitler Goering Goeb bels and Heinrich Himmler the gestapo chief appointed last week to be an allpowerful comma nder inchief of the army at home Reports reaching Barcelona said Hitler was preparing an order mobilizing all Europeans in occu pied countries intq the war effort without age or sex limitations The big unanswered question regarding the situation of Ger many was to what if any extent did last weeks ruthless Himmler directed purge rebellious junk ers in the army affect the will to fight of the individual German soldier Information reaching Spain from Berlin Brussels Paris Vichy and Milan said that only the unit ed nations offensives under way in the cast south and west will ascertain how much Gerrqany has been weakened by the struggle be tween the nazis and the rebellious officers Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy An estimated 3300 men and wo men in federal prison institutions have been intensively trained in short courses for specific war jobs open to them on their release Bay your War Stamps from your carrier Bonds and GlebeGazette NOT FULL even 50 more registrants were added by Clear Lake and Rockwell to list of volunteers for the Red Cross blood donor project raisine the total for the county to 2295 Rockwell now has 146 and Clear Lake 427 This with the 1722 full quota for Mason City raises Ihe total tor the county thus far to 2295 The full quota for the county is 2460 With the blood donor unit from SI Paul now on its 3rd day in the county persons charge expressed themselves is pleased a the clockllkc preci sion with which the project wa being carried Buy your Stamps from carrier boy Cowboy Wrong Term for BroncBusters Says Old Rodeo Hand Cheyenne Wyo ws who cling to those bounding roncos in the rodeo arena should e called rodeo hands not cow oys says Bob Crosby of Eoswell J M a veteran of the rodeo cir uit Crosby here for the 48th Chey nne Frontier Days show declares rodeos have turned performers nto specialists The cowboy earned his trade on the range and he rodeo performer learned his in he arena But cowboys in their day did better job of roping and riding War Bonds and your GlobeGazette Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and cooler Wed nesday night Thursday fair and continued cool Iowa Fair Wednesday night and Thursday Cooler Wednesday night continued cool Thursday Minnesota Fair Wednesday night and Thursday Cooler IN MASON CI1Y GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Tuesday 84 Minimum Tuesday 64 At 8 a m Wednesday 68 Rainfall 25 inch YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 91 64 ;