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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 25, 1961, Mason City, Iowa North owai Daily Newspaper Edittd for Hw MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE VOL 99 The newspaper that makes all North lowans neighbors AisocUted and United InterntHonal Full Lease Wirei MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JULY 25 1961 7o Copy Paper Consists of Two SccUonsSecUoo Ont No 241 Smash Cu grab plot to more airliners The 26th of July movement A circus in Cuba By RICHARD SPONG GlobeGazette Editorial Research Bureau WASHINGTONCircuses but no bread would almost seem to be Fidel Castros formula for mass rule Cubas national holiday since Castros accession is July 26 the anniversary of the revolt eight years ago in which a band of rebel youths with Castro at their head attacked the Moncada Bar racks in Santiago de Cuba About 100 students and soldiers lost their lives in the abortive up rising Castro was sentenced to 15 years in prison but later was amnestied It was from this eventj that the Castro 26 de Julio 26th of July Movement took its name THE DATE FOR therevolt was carefully chosen July 26 1953 represented the centenary of the birth of Jose Marti leader of Cubas fight for independence from Spain who is often callec the Apostle of Liberty Now the date offers a double occasion to invoke the name of freedom and nationalism The cruel irony is however that the 26th of July Movement has been an empty vestigial body for over a year Its meetingplaces have been transformed from po litical headquarters into fraterni ties for idealistic youngsters will ing to serve as guides for visiting student delegations to help raise funds for arms and airplanes to pitch in on scrap metal round ups and otherwise to assist gov ernmentsponsored projects a 11 gratis TEXTBOOKS IN Cubas schools now reportedly point out that while the great patriot Jose Marti did lead the fight for free dom from Spain true independ ence did not arrive until Fidel Castro freed the island from the United States on Jan l 1959 The kind of freedom Castro has in mind was made definitely clear last May Day when Fidel in a SVzhour televised address from a Havana propaganda circus de country and would no longer hold elections Castro once told a group of US newspaper men that Cuba had had a Socialist revolution but that his people did not yet have a Socialist state He said that a backward country such as Cuba could be developed only with Sov ietbloc aid Cuba would be a Socialist land within five years Castro told the same group that the nationwide Committees for the Defense of the Revolution could be made a nucleus for a new litical party Now he is reported to have wedded the skeleton of the 26th of July Movement with Cubas Communist party the Par tido Socialista Popular as the Or ganizaciones Revolucionaries In tcgradas Integrated Revolution ary Organizations or A LIKELY occasion for atv Security precautions in force Castro agrees to Phoioiax FIGHT OVER PARKING Philadelphia Mayor Richardson Dilworth is surrounded by guards top photo as he tries to explain to some 2000 jeering his plan to charge annually for car owners to park either on streets or in municipal parking lots Bricks and stones were thrown through windows of the auditorium and Dilworth was pelted with eggs and fruit His pilot plan hasnt been too well received Even big atomic blasts concealable scions told FROM OUR WIKE SERVICES WASHINGTON Congress was told Tuesday it may be possible to conceal an underground nuclear explosion300 times more powerful than the Hiroshima bomb Dr Richard Latter testifying before the Joint Committee on Atomic energy said the concealment of such an explosion would require a cavity 3000 feet in diameter in a salt formation He said construction of such night or might not be release 38 passengers FROiM OCR WIRE SERVICES NEW YORK FBI agents and local authorities established strict security precautions at airports in New York and Florida Tuesday to squelch a reported proCastro plot to hijack five U S airliners during Cubas revolutionary celebrations this week An Eastern Airlines Electra was commandeered Monday during a MiamiDallas flight Stringent precautions took effect during the night to prevent further seizures It was reported that five twoman teams of proCastro agents were plotting to seize aircraft bound to or near Florida divert them to Havana The report from a highranking air line source was not published until precautions could be com pleted Passenger lists were being screened and planes were under surveillance at airports in New York Miami and Tampa Fla The FBI the Federal Aviation THUNDER STORMS North Iowa Partly cloudy Tues day night and Wednesday with chance Of a few isolated ers and thunderstorms Lows Tuesday night 6067 Wednesday 8287 servinff mcnt and the main airlines Florida declined com the extent of security mgns moves Eastern however con firmed here that all possible Iowa Partly cloudy east coniprecautions have been taken to prevent another incident FBI agents were put on some planes A SPOKESMAN for North east Airlines said at Idlewild siderable clou d i n e s s west through Wednesday with scat tered showers or thunder storms mostly west Tuesday night and Wednesday Lows Tuesday night in the 60s Highs Wednesday in the 80s Further outlook Partly cloudy scattered showers and thunderstorms Thursday Minnesota Showers warmer Highs Wednesday near 90 GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Tuesday Maximum 85 Minimum 58 At 8 am 72 Sunrise Sunset YEAR AGO Maximum 88 Minimum 65 YOUNG FAMILY FLEES TO WEST BERLIN Manfred H 28 and his Photofax Manfred H was a dispatcher for the stateowned railroad system The fam wife Luise 23 look at their yearold ily asked that its last name be with daughter Angela after the family held to protect relatives still living un came to a West Berlin refugee camp Before deciding to leave East Germany der Communist rule Refugees dwindle Reds push Berlin clampdown SAME lows Safety Department Figures Black Flag Means Traffic Death In Past 24 Hours nouncing the founding of the ORI would be at another Havana prop aganda circus scheduled for July 26 The trained bear for this occa sion appropriately enough will be Yuri Gagarin the Soviet cosmo But he said an explosion five times the power of the Hiroshi ma bomb could be concealed in a cavity 800 feet in N ews in a nutshell FROM OUR WIRE SERVICES This he said undoubtedly be constructed Latter a graduate in theore tical physics from the California Institute of chairman of Techno o g y s the Defense De partments committee on de tection of nuclear explosions Rep Chet Holifield DCalif presiding at the hearings called Latters report pessimistic He said if it was carried to its log ical conclusion it would mean the Geneva test ban plan was completely unworkable Latter also doused hope that naut But while Castro furnishes his masses circuses he is having something of a time producing bread or other foodstuffs for that matter Castro has slaughtered 2Va million of a basic herd of 6 million cattle that was to be used for livestock development in Cuba In a speech on July 4 the premier announced rationing of animal and vegetable fats and ad mitted that a Soviet shipment of lard afforded only token assist ance The government has issued a ban on slaughter of sows to in crease hog production And even on the eve of the most recent Havana street circus new more restrictive food ration cards were being issued nuclear explosions might be de tected through electromagnetic means He said their electro magnetic radiations can be suppressed entirely by relative ly simple measures Holifield mcanwh i 1 e ex pressed concern because a num ber of outstanding experts have declined to testify in the three day hearings on detection meth ods Those declining he said in cluded Dr Edward Teller and Dr Hans Bethe who testified on the subject last year and Dr Wolfgang K H Panofsky of Stanford University c h a i r man of the panel appointed by President Kennedy recently to review detection proposals REBELS SLAIN SAIGON South Viet Nam tf than 80 Viet Cong rebels were reported killed in he past week in clashes with govern ment troops Chrysler raps union Corp answered the United Auto Workers demands for higher wages by saying the corporations 50000 factory workers already get 45 cents an hour more than employes in other manu facturing industries around the country Vice Presi dent John D Leary said the firm in May paid its em ployes an average of an hour in wages and fringe benefits Gagarin leads parade HAVANA Soviet spaceman Yuri Gagarin 27 led an hourslong parade of 70000 athletes and dancers through the streets of Havana in celebration of the eighth anniversary of Fidel Castros revolu tionary movement Soys ceasefire violated TUNIS Tunisian President Habib Bourguiba accused France of violating the U N Security Coun cils Bizerte ceasefire order by refusing to withdraw their prebattle positions and by extending their hold on Tunisian territory Bourguiba warned that fight ing may break out again Attacks AMAs stand WASHINGTON Dr Maxwell Finland a Har vard University professor said the American Medical Associations opposition to government appraisal of new drugs invites drug companies to dump worthless drugs on busy doctors 30 missionaries freed LEOPOLDVILLE Congo The United Nations announced thai 30 American British and Canadian missionaries arrested last week have been released airport a major terminus of Florida flights All of our crews have been alerted Government official and local police are all over the area screening passengers anc other persons at our terminals Police said the FBI told them that members of the proGas tro movement met Sunday nigh here at the C a s a Cuba anc made plans for 10 men ali armed to board the airlines some time Tuesday either here or in Tampa Fla THERE WAS NO immediate explanation of the motive of the plotters Authorities specu lated They wanted to draw world attention to Cuban strength dur ing the 26th of July revolu tionary celebrations now under way in Cuba They wanted to avenge the seizure of Cuban aircraft in the United States for nonpayment of debts to American creditors Meanwhile Premier Fidel Castro gave Pan American Air ways permission to operate a special flight to Havana to pick up the 38 passengers in the Diane seized Monday Pan Am s the only US airline still op erating between Miami and Ha vana Cuba apparently intends to lold the Electra airliner until he US returns all the Cuban planes seized in Florida BERLIN Iff A Western offi cial said Tuesday tightened con trol by Communist police has succeeded in cutting down the flow of refugees into West Ber lin started in East Berlin of those who work in West Berlin Its been made clear that all of the 53000 East Berliners who earn their living in the West will face the same dilemma More people are trying to come now he said but fewer are getting through It used to be that one was stopped by every two that made it but now its nearer onef orone Two new East German moves were reported Tuesday Evic tions from tenements have been Other sources however mini mized the role of police controls in checking the refugee flow They pointed out that many who planned to ended July flee after school 8 have probably Border restrictions have beenlmade it by now A large number tightened in Thuringia an Ea German state that makes an in dentation into West Germanj A 100mile stretch has bee blocked with elec trified fence felled trees an huge stakes withsharp points Checkpoints have been set up More taxes JFKs answer is awaited Sharp increase in Iowa tax receipts DES MOINES MiState and local taxing bodies levied more than million in prop erty taxes last year and pay able in 1961 the Iowa Tax Com mission reported Tuesday The in taxes was levied on property with a total valua tion of more than billion Last years taxes were 1932 above the previous years total and property valuations were up more than mil lion TSKTSK PUNTA GORDA Fla Iff Someone broke a lock to a cell door in Charlotte Countys new jail Monday and made off with tools belonging to an ironworker crew and some jail supplies The cell is located less than 50 feet from the sheriffs office On the inside Editorials Page 4 North Iowa News 5 Clear Lake News 89 Society News 1011 Sports 1314 Latest Markets 16 Mason City News 1617 Comics 18 Farm News 19 Transit Schedule 20 WASHINGTON ap pears ready to support an ex jected request by President Ken nedy for an increase of 3 billion or more in defense spending But there is a sharp difference of opinion among members on whether action should be taken at his time to increase taxes Kennedy outlines to the nation n a television radio broadcast at 8 pm Iowa Time Tuesday he grave challenge raised by So let Premier Khrushchevs threat to try to squeeze the West out of Berlin The President will follow this up Wednesday with a message asking Congress for funds to bol will ask for an orderly step up in the strength of Marine anc Army ground forces plus more intensive training for Nationa Guard and reserve units To pay for all of this some members of Congress have ar gued that Kennedy should ask foi ster the nations defense capa bilities The general belief among the lawmakers is that Kennedy has ruled out any crash program and an immediate increase in cor poration and personal income taxes Sen Hubert H Humphrey 0 Minnesota the assistant Demo cratic leader said he is one ot those who personally urged Ken nedy to seek new taxes Hum phrey said however that the President had been urged by other members to defer any tax request until it can be determined later whether present tax rates will bring in sufficient revenue to avoid any large deficit AP Photofax AFTER CONFERENCE ON CRISIS U N Secre taryGeneral Dag Hammarskjolcl and Tunisian Defense Minister Bahi Lagdham manage to exchange smiles after they talked over the FrenchTunisian situation at Tunis Hammarskjold is attempting to mediate the dispute of young people are among the refugees The official who watches tha refugee flow carefully for a Western mission in Berlin said the numbers arriving are still somewhat above normal even or this peak vacation period OVER THE day afternoon to Monday after arrivals numbered 2575 but it was nearly 3000 the veekend before Thus far in July some 24000 have fled The Western official said Com munist police seem to be doing everything short of actually stopping trains to check the tream Their difficulty is compounded jy the fact that Berlin is a main rail transfer point for East Ger many and wouldbe refugees can buy tickets within the country hen flee when they reach there Hundreds of subway and ele cted trains go from East Ber in to West Germany everyday and it is virtually impossible to heck every passenger on each me IN ADDITION to trouble with he youth the Reds are also aving difficulties with farmers ho insist they want to get out f collectives Neues Deutschland the offi ial daily of the East German egime told of a meeting at Bruesenhagen no r t h w e s t of Berlin where Communist ora ors tried in vain to get the armers consent to stay The Communists tried to con nce them that in West Ger many farmers are losing their and to rocket bases and mili ary airfields The farmers ad litted they do not want this to appen to them but they not take back their with rawal applications Neues eutschland said East German farm land was ollectivized in the spring of 960 In theory any farmer can ithdraw In practice it takes reat courage to buck official ommunist policy There have een persistent reports of farm rs trying to withdraw but one that they have actually een permitted to do so Western experts blame collect ization for many of the supply ifficulties in East Germany have been helping increase ic flow of refugees to the West Wesley postmaster nomination OKd WASHINGTON MVThc Senate as confirmed President Ken cdys Iowa postmaster nomina ons of Elijah L Simpson Wes y and Thomas J Hamilton Ep orlh ;