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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, July 25, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 25, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS INSIDE WASHINGTON Reporter Loud Milter Navys New Press Chief By Central Press Staff Washington Washington re porters assigned to the navy de partment have noticed a marked improvement in the navys hand ling of important news and news problems with the advent of a fighting admiral as head of the Navy Public Information office The new press chief is Rear Adm H B Miller who wanted to command a carrier at sea Miller previously had bceu sent to the Pacifc to straighten out kinks in the navys news setup there He did such a fine job that Nava Secretary James Forrcstal pre vailed on him to lake the Wash ington news post What reporters like about Miller is his willingness to see them a any time Miller greets corres pondents with Come in troops Whats the gripe When they have a gripe he proceeds to iroi it out MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JULY 25 1945 per consists ot Two SectionsSection One g Two SecUonsSMUon OneNO Ma 29S BLAST 3 OIL REFINERIES 1 n The 1345 fiscal year proved to be the busiest in FBI history with convictions reaching an alltime high of 13813 compared to the previous high of 23616 in the pre ceding year Sharp increases were noted in several major crime categories Bank robberies rose from 29 in the fiscal year of 1944 to 53 in the past year Frauds against the government brough 348 convictions as against 235 in the previous year Convictions for theft from interstate shipments totaled than twice the 688 of 1944 Prospects now are that before the summer is over Presidenl Truman will have obtained con gressional approval of the basic features of his plan for interna tional United Nations charter and the Bretton Woods financial agreements Another administration must measure which already has been passed by congress would author ize 50 per cent cuts in existing tariffsin trade agreements ne gotiated with other countries The senate foreign relations committee hearings on the charter started July 9 Senate ratification by an overwhelming majority is forecast early in August The Bretton Woods proposal is up for senate consideration Early passage is predicted but republi cans led bySenatorHobeit Taft R of Ohio intend to hurl a bar rage of amendments at it The emphasis on preparedness which research on is sweeping through congress is being used by opponents of compulsory military training as an argument against that proposal Their argument is that research will so revolutionize the weapons of the next war if there is one that compulsory military training will be practically useless Military men answer that it is not only necessary to develop weapons it is essential that the men be available to use them They insist moreover that pre paredness must take not one but numerous forms The United Nations clothinr drive netted some prize furs among other things The furs are to be issued to refugees only on doctors prescriptions in areas where sufficient heating is not available So far the clothing drive has re ceived at least on mink coat sev eral silver foxes and other less glamorous furs Plus assorted headaches One wealthy matron gave her daughter permission to donate a black dress to a clothing drive matinee at a neighborhood the ater Two weeks later she realized that she had put S270 in one of the dress pockets for safe keeping After officials had painstakingly traced the dress to New York and rescued it the woman told them that she had made a mistake the was in the pocket of a red dress and she had just retrieved it Her offer of a cash donation to the drive to compensate for the trouble she had caused was politely turned down Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Blason City Partly cloudy Wed nesday night and Thursday Slightly cooler Wednesday night Iowa Mostly cloudy Wednesday and Wednesday night with local thundershowers south and west portion Wednesday and Wednes day night and east portion Thursday Cooler Wednesday Minnesota Fair and cooler Wednesday night sunny and lit tle warmer Thursday except rather cool near Lake Superior IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 93 Minimum Tuesday 62 At 8 a m Wednesday 68 Precipitation in Mason City Tuesday 1 YEAR AGO Maximum gg Minimum 58 Churchill Slight Favorite in Election London Prime Minister Churchill arrived in London late Wednesday from Potsdam to learn the fate of his conservative gov ernment in the tabulation Thurs day of the British general elec tion votes Here under English procedure is what will happen after the re sults are tabulated Winston Churchill as prime minister will submit to King George the name of some political leader whom he ChurchiU be lieves should be appointed by the king to form a new government that is to set up a new cabinet Traditionally the prime min ister nominates the leader of the political group which has won the most seats in parliament and traditionally his nomination al ways is accented The man ap pointed by King George becomes the prime minister With the political scene as it is now 4 1 If would s can happen Churchills conservative party wins the largest bloc of par liament seals Churchill nominate himself Z If IWaj Clement Attlees la bor party wins Churchill would nominate Attlee 3 If neither of the Z major par ties conservative and labor win a clear majority Churchills con servatives might bargain for and win the support of the liberal party In that case the conserva lives allied with the liberals would have a majority and ChurchiU would nominate him self 4 Or in the event of no strong majority Attlees labor parly rather than the conservatives niiffht reach an agreement with the liberals lu this event Church ill would nominate Attlee In exchange for the liberals support the conservatives or labor might offer the liberal party such inducements as a promise to ap point one or more liberals to cabinet posts On the eve the election Churchill and his conservatives ruled a slight favorite in general political forecasts TRUMAN PLANS TROOP REVIEW AT FRANKFURT Big 3 Conference Interrupted 1 Day for British Vote Potsdam JP President Tru man will fly to U S army head quarters at Frankfurt Thursday and review American troops tak ing advantage of the offday in the Big 3 schedule officials an nounced Wednesday Gen Eisenhower commander of United States forces in the Eu ropean theater will meet the President in Frankfurt where they will inspect the 81th infan try and 3rd armored divisions The 2 will gether have luncheon to Mr Truman will return to Pots dam early Thursday evening for resumption of the Big 3 confer ence mterruptedVbythe depart London of the highest British leaders to await election returns Sessions of the foreign secre taries will be continued Thurs day morning Churchill Foreign Secretary An thony Eden and Clement R Alt lee labor party leader attending the conference as an observer ar ranged a recess so they could be tnJon wnen results of the British election July 7 are an nounced Thursday The meeting of the prime min ister President Truman and Pre mier Stalin Wednesday was the ath of the Potsdam series Foreign office representatives will carry on the conversations Thursday In the absence of Foreign Sec retary Anthony Eden who is re turning to London with Churchill Britain will be represented by Under Secretary sir Alexander adogan He will meet with U S Secretary of State James F Byrnes and Soviet Foreign Com rrussar Wyacheslav Molotov While it was not disclosed what special plans Truman and Stalin may have for Thursday it was said they would not discuss mat ers on the conference agenda be tween themselves until the top ranking British delegates return If the British election returns Thursday show the conservative Darty victorious Churchill and Foreign Secretary Anthony Earthquake Bombardments Pave Way for Landings in Future Without Opposition who is accompanyinghim to Lon return to Potsdam Fri day In the event of a labor party victory however the task of con tinuing the big 3 talks will de volve upon Clement Attlee who has been sitting in on the confer ence at Churchills invitation A change in British leadership is not expected here to result in any marked setback to the Pots dam negotiations No sharp differ ences on foreign policy ivere raised between Churchill and Att lee during the election campaign A Paris dispatch Tuesday night said U S Ambassador Jefferson Caffery and Soviet Ambassador Alexander E Bogomolov had been summoned to Potsdam suggesting that the conference had reached a point where expert assistance on problems needed involving France was Japan to Get 5OOOPlane Raids Soon Manila F I was warned Wednesday by General George C Kenney that the Ameri can air forces are about ready to lit the Japanese homeland with 5000 ton raids This size is a cinch said the commander of the far east air forces Im being conservative when I say ue could hit them with 5000 tons in a single something the world never dream ed of In the very near future he added moie than 5COD planes will be available for the concen trated aerial smash at Japan Morgenthau Denies Report He Was Asked to Quit Post Tells Newsmen That Statement Misquoted at New York Meeting Washington Mor jenthau Jr denied Tuesday night that he had described his resignation as secretary of the treasury as an involuntary move He discussed his separation rom the cabinet post during a speech before a New York gath ering Tuesday Published ver sions of his remarks quoted him as saying he quit involuntarily after President Truman asked him o make way for Former War Mobilizer Fred M Vinson All New York reporters pres ent quoted Morgenthau as saying hat I would have preferred to stay until VJ day and that his resignation was not of my choos ng TAfterJhe New speech Morgenthau returned to Washing on where he was guest at a din ner given by the fiscal correspon dents association He told news men here that his New York statement had been both mis quoted and misinterpreted Morgenthau denied having said hat his resignation was not of my choosing The only quota ion authorized he said was that he would have preferred to re main on the job until Japan was HENRY BIORGENTIlAtJ defeated but that it didnt work out that way The former secretary said he called on Mr Truman just before he left for the big 3 meeting to ascertain his future status in light of persistent reports that he would be replaced In the absence of any positive assurances he de CHINESE PRESS AFTER JAP ARMY Crash Yahgso 55 Miles Frotn Kweiliji Chungking Chinese troops pressing hard after Japanese units withdrawing from northeast Kwangsi province have crashed into Yangso 55 miles south of Kweihn amid fierce street bat tles a headquarters communique said Wednesday Chinese troops also have recap tured a point H miles north of Kweilm and driven within 10 miles southwest of Chuanhsien which is on the railway 75 miles northeast of Kweilin Other Chinese forces repelled approximately 700 Japanese troops who swarmed over the IndoChma border in the Dong Dang area pushing north in the general direction of Nanning Chinese troops attacked YeunB kong which is 210 miles west of Hongkong Enemy counterattacks 14 miles northeast of Suichwan which is 175 miles southeast of Changsa in wes western Kiangsi been completely casualties province repelled have The New China news agency in a dispatch broadcast by commu nist controlled Yenan radio said units Chiang KaiSheks troops commanded by Gen Hu Tsungnan had suddenly attacked a Chi nese communist garrison at Yes taishan Go miles north of Sain The broadcast said Chinese communist leaders of the 8th army group have sent urgent telegrams to Chiang and Hu appealing to them to halt the fighting Strikers Return at Steel Casting Plant Bctlendorf Iowa tions were resumed Wednesday at the Zimmerman Steel Casting company plant after CIO union members who have been on strike since June 18 voted Tuesday night to return io work wrS assurance the WLB in Kansas City Tues fu a show causc hearing that the issues of the strike would Be given immediate attention Plant officials said that about one half of the day force re this morning and inat others were arriving WHERE U S AIRMEN ARE BASED IN symbols and labels locate operations of U S air units now blasting Japanese holdings in the Pacific from thePhilin pines and Guam tothe home islands of the enemy Former French President Sobs as He Accuses Petain of Succumbing to Nazis Paric HI PAIKmt T US Warships Hit Sector Near Tokyo By LEONARD MILLIMAX Associated Press War Editor Three of Japans big oil refineries near Tokyo were brought under the bomb sights of American Superfortresses Wednesday shortly after Tokyo reported another attack by Xank 3rd tleet warships on a sector south of the warbattered Rising Sun capital The Superforts 75 to 100 strong flew from Marianas bases to lash a refinery area at Kawasaki on Tokyo bay an proximately 10 miles from the capital city It was the 2nd 1129 strike against the Japanese homeland in 36 hours Meanwhile 1200 carrier planes of the 3rd fleet hunted down remnants of the hardhit Japanese navy The carrier airmen were on the wing for the 2nd successive day Wednesdays dual air and sea thrusts were a punishing follow through on sweeping air attacks Tuesday which destroyed or dam aged 40 Nipponese vessels includ ing 11 warships and 109 planes Tokyo Eadio reported a bom bardment force of Admiral Hal seys unchallenged 3rd fleet moved back toward the approaches ot Tokyo and opened its guns at 2 a m Wednesday on Kanagawa prefecture Kanagawa is due south of theNipponese capital It embraces the eastern shores of Tokyo Bay including the Yoko siika naval base where carrier planes damaged one battleship Tuesday This report was unconfirmed But Admiral Nimitz previously announced that Rear Adm J C Jones Jr led a force of cruisers and destroyers in a predawn bombardment Wednesday of the Kushimoto seaplane base and Paris Lebrun president of Frances 3rd republic sobbed Wednesday as he said thai Marshal Henri Philippe Petain de manded his resignation insisted on an armistice andVjtpught a mo ve t o c ontinued resistance from V The tall dignified Lebrun was the 3rd witness in Petains treason trial He followed former Premier Edouarfl Daladier who told the French hifrh couri of justice hear ing the trial that iclain and his Vichy regime sought only the de struction of the French republic and of democracy The days session adjourned at p m earlier than on the first 2 days by request of Petanjs physician The 89yearold marsh al was showing the strain of the terrific verbal mauling he had taken and his doctor protested that the sessions were running too long and overtaxing his wanin strength The old marshal showed clear signs of weakening under the 3 days of testimony denouncing him as a traitor to France He fingered his gloves nervously during the wrangle with the judge and was heard to complain querulously to bystanders I dont know what is going on I am very hard of hearing The dispute over the Dieppe tel egram broke out after Edouard Daladier the 3rd former French premier to accuse Petain in the 3 days of the trial completed his formal testimony Daladier ripped into Petain with an oratorical vigor that worked up to a frenzy of shouting his face flushed crimson and streaked with tears his voice choking with cmo Approximately are involved 130 employes Resuminghis testimony where he left off at the adjournment of court Tuesday night Daladier charged that retain and the Vichy regime of which he was chief of state was bent solely on the de struction of the French republic and of democracy Accusing Petain of going be yond the mandate given him by he national assembly meeting at Vichy under the pressure of Ger man bayonets Daladier We saw the birth of a regime which under the name of tha French stale wasto replage the republic supported by a bandof adventurers and trajtors We however refused to believe in Frances irremediable defeat and left on June 20 1940 on the steamer Mausilia While on the high seas we learned of the arm istice conditions and decided to organize in North Africa a resis tance movement among French patriots WAR AT A GLANCE plane THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Wave more navy for the land sea area Three T miles or field east Borneo 50 miles distant fought desperately i I out of British trap in southern Burma Samarinda oil IOWANS FEEL Des IWoines VP IOWans still i Zulu felt the sting Wednesday of the seasons hottest temperature read ings and there appeared bttle hope for relief from the sizzling heat except in the northeast por tion of the stale The mercury soared to a sea sonal peak of 102 degrees at both Burlington and Davenport Tuesday and lacked only one degree of equal ling that record at Council Bluffs At least 6 other places in the state re ported over 90 r e a d i n g s in cluding Du buque Iowa ity and Lamoni 37 each Spencer and Des Moines 93 each and Ma Slightly cooler readings were expected Wednesday in northeast Iowa and across the state in the northwest Local afternoon thund ershowers were predicted Mason City reported 45 of an inch of rain late Tuesday at the airport and 1 at the KGLO radio station WARMER lonan in Shelling Adak Aleutians J J j vj Wagaman Moscow riuX nuuen u WHKer Iowa participated in the pampbellsvillc Ky foun by warships of a U S north kaIaPa combing the beach iy warships of a U S north Pa cific task force on Japanese can neries when they bombarded southeastern Kuriles last 3 Point Plan Is Seen for World Charter Washington 3point pro gram to carry out the united na tions charter emerged Wednesday from the smoke of unexpected senate fireworks that threatened brief delay in ratification of the document What the administration wants as outlined by several senators is this 1 Ratification of the charter with the explicit understanding that the United States thus is committine itself o use its troops to help police future peace 2 Enactment next fall of a law vine this countrys security council delegafe authority through the president to vote for the use of U S troops for police work short of actual war 3 Later approval by both houses of congress ot an agreement with the security council on furnishing American troops and equipment A halt dozen charter support ers headed by Senatoritucas D prepared Wednesday to drive home the contention that the con templated military agreement with the council should be submitted to both houses for simple majority agreement Senator H a t c h DN M plunged the senate into an uproar Tuesday when he challenged an earlier assertion by John Foster Dulles chief adviser to the Amer ican delegation in San Francisco that this agreement would come back to the chamber for a two thirds ratification vote Senator Wheeler DMont droning through a 15000word speech in which he said he would vote for the charter largely be cause of Duiies statement on this point read Dulles testimony be fore the senate foreign relations committee He added that the rec ord also showed Chairman Con nally DTcxas agreeing thor oughly with Dulles that a treaty was in order AWOL Returns Guam In a straighUaced formal press release Admiral Nimitz headquarters announced the recovery of Makalapa the admirals pet Schauzcr who has been absent without of ficial since May Robert C WUkerson of found Ma your from carrier boy War Bonds and Bing Crosby Will Conduct Infantile Paralysis Program Will Raise to Carry Treatments IntoEveryState Minneapolis and radio star Bing Crosby will direct a campaign to raise to carry the Sister Kenny infarrtile Data3ysis treatment to every state inthe union ICrosby telegraphed the Eliza beth Kenny Institute Tuesday in dicating his acceptance of the chairmanship of the 1945 cam paign Asthe father of 4 children said I have a deep preciation of the work Sister Kenny and the Elizabeth Kenny nstitute are doing Funds raised during the cam jaign will be divided on a 5050 basis Half will be retained by each state to establish clinics fot raining students in the Kenny echnique or to support hospitals ror polio victims The remainder vill go to the permanent head quarters of the Kenny institute in Minneapolis Need StopGo Signs By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The Tokyo radio Wednesday broadcast a Dome dispatch say iff the skies over Chiba Prefec ture about 20 miles fromTokyo Badbeen converted Into a hurly burly thoroughfare for Superforts Liberators and Mustahs fighters The broadcast recorded by the Associated Press said Japanese authorities were fully aware that Ihe Chiba area might ho the first site of an allied invasion Of all the important salients on the Jap anese mainland he dispatch said Chiba may be the scene ot the enemys invasion debut nearby military installations at the southernmost tip of Honshu island Kushimoto is 250 miles southwest of Kanagawa prefec bag In Tuesdays car attacks which were con ture tinued throughout the night and most of Wednesday was 7 major tmts of the Japanese fleet Two battleships 3 cruisers and one aircraft carrier were heavily damaged or left in flames off the great Kure naval base by Ameri can bombs and rockets British carrier planes added an escort carrier to he toll Both American and British sea borne planes pressed the attack Wednesday along the northern shores of the Inland sea from Kure to the industrial city of Kobe Army bombers flying out of Ok inawa sank or probably sank 4 lesser warships ranging from a destroyer down Tokyo reported Shanghai attacks were still con tinuing with 250 bombers and fighters striking Tuesday Japanese also announced allied carrier forces returned Wednesday u northernmost island the Nipponese homeland sweep ing over the steel city of Muror ran which was left in pitiful rums by a fleet bombardment 10 days ago Task forces mounting these sor ties included all of Britains greatest battleships cruisers and carriers Fleet Adm Sir Ja m e s fownes Somerville said in San Francisco And our 2nd 11 is in the Burma waters fighting a war much bigger than most people think Superforls augmenting Tues day s 1200 ntane carrier strike ran mto trouble Tuesday blasting Osaka Nagroya and the neighbor in industrial towns of Kuwana and Tsu At least 180 of the record ormation of 625 B29s made rorced landings at Two Jima on heir return trip They had been nit by flak or were running dan gerously low on gas Nearly 2000 crewmen were in the planes Unexpected success was report ed by the Australian army It an nounced Aussies recently invaded and completely liberated Choi eiil bypassed island in the north ern Solomons BING CROSBY Gets Bronze Star 0 Major Ralph Hibbs of Oskaloosa Iowa was awarded the bronze star Tuesday at ceremonies in Gardiner general hospital Hibbs who was a pris oner of the Japanese for 3 yearn was decorated for his medical seryices to other prisoners at Labanatuan prison camp ;