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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 25, 1942, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME i fr DEPARTMENT OF COMP HISTORY AMD ARCHIVES DES KOINES U THE NEWSPAPER THAT Japs Moved Plan Ahead for Sneak EDITORS NOTE Here for the first time is the inside story of Japans declaration of war ou the United the sneak attack on Pearl Harbor and how it was planned by the enemy war lords as told by the former united Press manager in Japan The article was written by Robert T Bellaire native of Le Mars Iowa who has landed at Portuguese East Africa in an exchange arranged between the United States and Japan Another Bellaire article is pub lished on Page IZ By ROBERT T BELLAIRE Copyright 1942 by United Press LOURENCO MARQUES POR TUGUESE EAST AFRICA um Japans war lords made full prep arations to strike at the United btates even before sending a fi nal peace ambassador to jngton I can disclose now lhat the Japanese army leaders attacked Pearl Harbor ahead of schedule for the sake of surprise when they were convinced that Presi dent Roosevelt would not com promise on delivery of addition al war supplies to Japan In the months that I reported developments at Tokio leading up to the war and during six months internment following Pearl Harbor the picture shaped up as follows Japans mililaxy leaders made full preparations for this war las September before Saburo Kurusu was sent to Washington Total mobilization was ordered and after freezing the Japanese artny at full strength the war lords es tablished a six months deadline in which an agreement must be reached with Washington or war wguld result The army leaders figured that was the longest period they could wait for assurances that they would receive supplies from America for the Japanese war machine f They then decided that Mr Kooseveit would not comprom t ise and the army leaders ad I vancefl the war schedule for the sake of surprise partly because newspaper correspondents were predicting that the deadline would come in six months There still are many facts about the Japanese situation that cannot be reported but the following statements in regard to what has happened behind the enemy propaganda and censorship screen in the Pacific may be made L This is a uar of races as far as the Japanese army leaders are concerned and even Japanese liberals who had been friendly to ward Americans in the past have been swept away by the national ist tide 2 Japan planned this war with careful consideration for her weak est points including vulnerability of Tokio to fire bombs Thus building of air raid shelters was restricted and fire fighting was promoted on the theory that if the people had no place to an air attack they would be better fire fighters 3 Best informed sources In Japan expressed belief that for the time being the undeclared peace between Japan and Russia will be maintained purely because it is inconvenient for either na tion to challenge the other but that Japan will try to outflank Siberia when and if the red army is de feated in the west 4 There is a general belief In informed sources that Japan now is attempting to avoid an early di rect attack on thesoviet union by outflanking the Russians in the far east as a result of seizure of American islands in the Aleutians chain 5 Japans attention at present Is believed to be centered on break ing the AlaskaMidwayPanama defense line of the United States although lhat program suffered a heavy setback in the battle of Midway 6 As far as I could discover any propaganda offensive against Japan will fail because the censor ship is tight enough to prevent the people from receiving any but of ficial nexvs and the only formula for American victory seems to be an old thar fustest with the mostest men 7 Latin American diplomats ex changed at this port said that they repeatedly had protested against conditions under which they were interned in Japan Alfredo Ler tora Peruvian consul at Yoko hama as an example said he had been m close confinement for six weeks in a small room in the Grand hotel and that the windows were closed and blinds drawn Lertora said when he told police he feared a nervous breakdown he was permitted outside for an hours walk daily with a uni formed guard MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY JULY 25 1942 MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS SECTION ONE NO 246 NAZIS CROSS LOWER DON RIVER SubsSink 5 Jap Ships Including Dest roverBOMBERS MADE New Better Army Tanks e h welded and mounts a 75mm gun ina turret that revolves in a 360 degree arc Allied Bombers Cause Loaded Nippon Ships to Withdraw Landing Operations in BunaGona Area Are Broken Off CAN USE WAR BONDS IOWA CITY W A lifetime membership in the University of Iowa Alumn association formerlv cost S25 but Secretary Bruce E Mahan announced Saturday that an S1875 war bond now will do the job GENERAL JIac ARTHURS HEADQUARTERS Australia ftp allied divebombing has broken off the landing of Japanese supplies in the newly occupied BunaGona area New Guinea and several fully loaded enemy vessels have withdrawn north ward under naval escort a com munique announcedSaturday Gen Douglas MaeArthurs headquarters said 45000 pounds of explosives and incendiaries were dropped Friday on troops invasion barges stores and in stallations in that region low on the northeast coast of the Papuan Peninsula Large fires were started and an antiaircraft battery was si lenced the communique reported Eighteen Japanese bombers and IGplane fighter escort were re ported meanwhile to have struck ineffectively at the airdrome of Port Moresby advanced allied base on New Guineas south coat lip miles below Buna There were no casualties and only slight damage it was said Buna surrounded by grassy plains suitable for air fields con trols the only passable trail to Port Moresby U S amy flyers first de tected the sea movement of the Japanese down the Papuan Peninsula from their older bases at Salamaua and Lae last Monday and three Japa nese transports were listed among the invasion craft de stroyed Nevertheless the Japanese are believed to have put several thousand men ashore and the Brisbane Courier Mail expressed disappointment in an editorial headed Attack Must Be Our Aim Disappointment it said must be felt on two scores First that allied forces were not in a position to take the initiative second that the approaching con voy was not intercepted earlier and attacked harder F UPRAISES HOOVER IN FBI Extends Congratulations on 25 Years Spent in Justice Department WASHINGTON Roosevelt congratulated FBI Di rector J Edgar Hoover Saturday on his 25 years with the justice department and said that his serv ice to the nation had been con spicuous in efficiency in effec tiveness and in results Starting as a clerk in the library of congress Hoover later joined the justice department and after a few years was appointed lo the unit which Mr Roosevelt said he brought to the forefront among all the law enforcement agencies of the world The presidents congratulations were in a letter of greeting on the occasion of the graduation of the 19th class of the FBI national po lice policy academy founded by Hoover in 1935 German Sailors Enter Japans Merchant Navy BERLIN From German Broad sailors have entered the Japanese merchant navy to help in the task of sup plying the oriental axis partner the German radio said Saturday Buy war savings bomJs and stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy NAZIS RAZE 4 POLISH TOWNS Surviving Members of Population Driven to German Labor Camps LONDON nazis and lienpuppets of central Europe have begun the systematic burn ing of entire villages in an effort to halt growing guerilla activity it was reported Saturday V A high official of the refugee Polish sovernmenl said he learned on Bood authority that the Germans had razed four Polish lowns after executine hundreds of citizens and driving off the surviving members of the population men women and children nazi labor camps A Jugoslav spokesman reported that the puppet Croat government by direction of the Italians had decreed that entire Jugoslav vil lages will be burned and destroyed unless patriotic activities end Jugoslav quarters Friday said that Italian planes had bombect to nuns four Jugoslav villages in re taliation for guerilla train derail ments and the death of two hieh fascist officers The rucrilU activities of Po lish patriots have become a largescale threat asainsl the nazi rear inciting the German occupation authorities lo their new campaign of terror the Polish ffovernment official said The four towns reported razed were Homaciska Hornynow Sul Jcouicc and Izdbnife he added Several hundred of the residents m each village were shot or hanged and the remainder of the 10000 persons total population of the were driven off They were permitted to Ink with them only what they could carry in their hands The little second front created by the Jugoslav guerilla army of Gen Draja Mikhailovitch contin ued a serious menace to the axis rear the Jugoslavia spokesman said Its definitely the wrong season for football but there was a terrific pigskin battle in downtown Ma son City Saturday afternoon nev ertheless It started when Mr and Mrs Homer Freeman and Jess ORourke of 12 miles southwest of Mason City tried to cooperate with the rubber conservation effort They agreed to bring five hogs to mar ket for a neighbor Adrian rteese since they were coming to iMason City anyway Stopping at Second street south west and Federal avenue for the traffic light the pigskin went over the o foot rear cndgate in a long looping pass Park Pigs Elude Tackier Sidestepping traffic and would be tacklers the runner got away from the field in a sweeping end run onto Federal avenue The pursuit fell behind as the runner approached Central park A safety man m the form of children play ing there slowed him at a flower bed but he reversed his field and got away again up Federal ave nue He cut to the right at Third street northeast and finally was downed when he stopped for a rest in the bushes at the porch of 30o Delaware avenue northeast But as the endgate of the trailer was raised to get the runner in he passed the ball to a teammate which hurdled the line and away for about 50 yards to easL He was cornered by a swa of tacklers in an emptv garas there but as the door was clos ing he broke through for five more yards before he was snowed under by the weight of two of his pur sucrs and two spectators who ha joined the game A wire around one rear le helped to coax him back into th garage where he stayed while Mi Freeman took his four companion to the packing plant for safe keeping before returning for Two runs one error one excuse it please baseball got the ge him left NAVY REVEALS ACTIVITIES ON FAR EAST SEAS Sixth Vessel Damaged and May Have Been Sunk Communique Says Russian Situation Is Grave but Not Desperate Mighty Army Massed South of Don a po WASHINGTON navy mnounced Saturday that United a states submarines operating in he western Pacific had reported inking five Japanese ships in cluding one modern destroyer irl damaging and possibly sink ing a sixth vessel The submarine activities were reported in navy department ittmmuniquc No 100 which said Far cast 1 U S submarines have re the following results of op erations in far eastern waters One modern Japanese de stroyer sunk One medium sized tanker iiink Three cargo ships sunk One medium sized cargo ship damaged and believed sunk 2 These actions have not been announced in any previous nnvy department communique This was the first time in ninny weeks that the navy had issued i report on American submarine operations in the western Pacific where early in the war they ex tended all the way from waters north of Australia to waters sur rounding the Japanese homeland Recently however subs have been very active in the Aleutians area combatting Japanese inva sion forces at Kiska Island and on July 21 undersea craft were re ported to have sunk three Japa nese destroyers in he vicinity of Kiska Saturdays report raised the to tal of Japanese ships which have fallen victim to the torpedoes of U S submarines as reported in navy department communiques to 55 sunk 15 probably sunk and 14 damaged 53 Guards to Leave Sunday for Training Its up Sunday morning at break of day for 53 members of Com pany JE second regiment of the Iowa state guard who will report at the armory ready for roll call at 6 a m prior to leaving for a two weeks encampment at Camp Dodge According to 1st Lieut Leslie R Whipple acting com manding officer 50 is the average attendance of companies in camp Two chartered buses will take the guardsmen directly to Camp Dodge whcic they will arrive about noon Second Lieut Harold M Hubbard will be in charge of the companyduring the trip Working late Saturday night In get the company equipment all packed will be Supply Sgt Shelby L Beery and Corp Ralph D Row ley who are in charge of packing and moving the orderly room equipment The entire office of company E will be moved and set up at camp Lieutenant Whipple and Sgt Lloyd H Koch who reported at Camp Dodge Saturday for spe cial instruction will be at the camp to greet the company when it arrives Capt Charles K Van Horn who has been disabled for a time because of a broken Ice will report Sunday morning Tells Jury He Ought to Be Found Guilty of Burglary Acquitted SEATTLE hours af ter Roy S Wilson 30 told a su perior court jury that if he were on the jury I would find myself guilty the jury acquitted him c econd degree burglary charges Wilson was accused of brcakin into a tavern In a 25minute addresss to jury Wilson summed up the against himself He explained umi he broke into the tavern because was intoxicated more than days wanted more liquor and i noney with which to purchase g but that all dispensaries w dosed He asked lenieicy only Judge Clay Allen said he fou is rip fault with the acquittal ver diet following what he termed the most remarkable pcrsonr1 appeal by a defendant I hav icard in my years of experienc on the bench of the case that two had were ound By DeWITT MACKENZIE Wide World War Analyst The battle for the Caucasus now has reached the point t which Soviet Marshal Tlmoshenko presumably had fie ired on making a backtothcwall stand south of the broad reaches 77 i u whlch Iovms a Pillia barrier to this land of oil Up to this juncture Timoshenko has been retiring alons a wide rant before a fierce millionman pressure His withdrawal has been nderly and he has conducted arguard action which has ex That is a logical assumption although the Muscovites natural ly havent been broadcasting the strength of their forces The whole world long has known Hint Hitler intended to strike for the Cau casus and middle east in an ef fort to obtain the oil ami other supplies which he needs so badly It therefore would be passing strange if a man as shrewd as Joseph Stalin had left the gateway to the Caucasus unguarded Unfortunately however we oversimplify the matter if we believe that holding the line of the lower Don or even the whole gateway to the Caucasus ends the Hitlerian threat The nazi chief has two objectives in his great offensive One is to break into the Caucasus and the other is to cut the soviet proper off from its life line to the Caucasus and the Per sian gulf Now it Is possible for Hitler lo severe the lifeline even if he cant crash the gateway Its vital to the fuehrer that he hamstring Russia now so that he may he able lo meet the threatened allied invasion of western Europe Therefore the battle of the Cau casus shortly is likely lo break into two major engagements one at the gateway in the Rostov sec tor of the lower Don and the other for Stalingrad industrial and rail center In fact we may have a third engagement growing out of this situation for the reds continue on the offensive at Voronezh on the upper Don That push in the Voronezh sec tor may have great possibilities This city is at the extreme left flank of the nazi offensive and if the Muscovites do get a major drive under way there it will create a very grave threat lo the invading armies to the south Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Scattered thun dershowcrs Saturday afternoon Saturday night and Sunday forcnnoon cooler Sunday fore noon IOWA Scattered showers occa sionally Saturday afternoon through Sunday forenoon little change in temperature MINNESOTA Scattered showers occasionally Saturday afternoon through Sunday forenoon little change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 73 Minimum Friday night 61 At 8 a m Saturday us Rail 51 inch re icted a costly toll from the enemy in men and materiel We may expect the red commander to continue his studied retire ment eastward into the great bend of the Don river to wards Stalin grad but the time would appear to have arrived w hen he must hold in the south have MACKENZIE crisis in this bloody engagement which is bound to have a vital r and perhaps decisive influence ou the outcome of the war Now is the time when we begin to ask in earnest whether the Russians can hold The future must answer that question but we can say that while the position is crave it isnt desperate which is to say there is no occasion for despair Actually observers in Moscow assume that the bolshevisls have a foodsized and thor oughly trained army massed south and southeast of the Don tendon experts hod similar views U S Planes Blast Axis Desert Bases c YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 55 CAIRO States army bombers in seven daylight raids in week have wrought heavy dam ige to the axis ports of Tobruk ind Bengasi in Libya and Sudn ny in Crete U S army air force headquarters declared Saturday is the RAF added more than 20 idditional axis planes to its fast ncrcasing tally of enemy craft lestroycd or damaged on the jround The RAF announced its latest at the forward landing Held at El Daba cost the axis more than a score of planes aground and three destroyed in the air Fri day Since Sunday the field at El Daba has been heavily hit three times and that at Fuka once Figures on axis planes destroyed on the ground have totalled more than 80 in addition to some communiques which mer ely hive listed many The U S army air force head quarters announcement on the American bomber operations foi the week ending Saturday saio besides heavy damage to the enemy docks and installations several mcdiumsiscd merchant vessels were left in flames and a direct hit set Circ to a large ship at Bengasi The ground fighting consisted mainly of artillery duels in the central and northern sectors with some patrol activity In the south ern sector there was nothing to report the communique said WOULDNT WEAR NUMBER BANNED SPORTS BULLETINS CHIC AC O UP Tommy Armour who has held most of the worlds major links titles an nounced his withdrawal from the 515000 Tam OShanler open golf tournament Saturday alter Joe Kirkwoocl Abington Pa was disqualified for refusal to wear a player number that made him feel like a circus horse PHYLLIS OTTO LEADS IX WOMENS TOURNEY DES MO1NES blast ing out a brilliant 34 on the out side nine to take a 7 up lead Phyllis Otto of Atlantic hit two bad holes on the inside to shoot a and take an 8 up lend over Mrs Dave Bonella of Ot tumwa at the halfway mark of their 36hole final round match in the Iowa womens goll tour nament Saturday WARD LEADS IN ALL AMERICA PLAY CHICAGO Marvin Bud Ward of Spokane Wash Saturday held a up lead over Wilford Wehrlc of Racine Wis at the halfway point in their 3fl hole match for the championship of the AllAmerica amateur golf tournament lowan Is Held in Fatal Car Accident CLINTON C S Peterson Saturday said Reaty R Porter 49 a farmhand was being held here pending investigation of the death in an accident at Low Moor Iowa Friday of Ben John son 74yearold cattle dealer Peterson said Johnson was beside a parked car on Low Moors main street wticn another machine roared into town and skidderi to a halt about 150 feet past where the cattle dealer had been stand ing Buy uar savings bonds and stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy BOMBERS MADE IN U S HELP REDS DEFENSE Germans Continue to Throw Huge Forces Against Soviet Lines By CIYDU A FAIINSWORTU Associated Tress War Editor After four weeks of their major offensive action for 1942 the Ger mans have gained a foothold on the southern or deep Caucasus side of the lower Don strategic line on which Russian forces have taken i stand lo shield their southern contact with the allied world United States bombers had be come a powerful bulwark of the red air force in the baUle of tile Caucasus An American source at Mos cow said that Douglas Bostons twinengined medium bombers from America were participat ing in the red air forces ham mering Of German armored columns on the Don steppes Presumably the planes were flown by Russians although th Moscow dispatch did not specifi cally say so There have been prev ious reports ol U S planes being flown to the Don front and going directly into action The U S army has a strong air force in the middle cast and presumably this command sent the planes Official sources at Cairo said that in seven daylight operations of the past week the American flyers had caused heavy damage to port installations and shipping at TobruU and Bengasi in Libya and at Suda bay Crete an axis concentration point in the Medi terranean Russian dispatches conceded the Don crossing Saturday hut declared lhat the Germans now dug in on the south hank of the Don opposite in the Tsimlyansfc area were the focus of strong attacks lo dislodge them before tlie position could be exploited for a deeper thrust into Ihc vita Caucasus The wondering Don was tinged with blood as it flowed past Tsimlyansk westward to Rostov where also the enemys shock troops were said by the Russians lo have wedged themselves into the Russian defenses The Germans said Friday that Rostov was theirs although not yet mopped up and announced Saturday that Novocherkassk 20 miles northeast also had fallen to them outflanked by the thrust to Rostov across the Axai river a tributary of the Don The Germans said that the bottle for Don crossings was in full swing on a broad front at Rostov and east of that city Three days ago the high command said that he Dim had been reached on a broad front east of llic Donets river con is in lie Tsim lyansk Saturdays Moscow reports were the first confirmation that tlic lower Don had Vjccn crossed at all As for the German claim that Rostov bad been stormed and taken British military sources said Saturday that the enemy probably was in the outskirts of that city and possibly in the streets but that the report of Rostovs capture was premature The Germans ultimate or im mediate purpose was to span the Don southward in as many place as possible on the way to the Caucasus oil fields and also to cut through the Den bend to the east at Stalingrad and thus sever another line in Russias north south railway network and Volga river communications A Russian dispatch said the Germans already hnviijr lodjjcd themselves under heavy artil lery cover on the south hank of the lower Don now also had reached the middle Don sec facing Stalin grad from the west The Don in its big bend cast ward approaches to point about la miles from Stalingrad indus trial capital of the lower Volga region Counter attacks which left Rostovs approaches dotted with at least 2000 German dead did not prevent German forces from breaking into one sector of the Rostov position the Russians said Although the admitted Don crossing at Tsimlyansk 120 miles upstream from Roilov was be ing dealt with Moscow said the situation there recalled similai clevelopment of the Voronezh battle after the German crossing of the upper Don three weeks ago The Germans still arc lodged on the cast bankbefore Voron ;