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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 24, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION liimr VOL LVI Associated IVess and United Press Full Lease Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JULY 24 1950 This Paper Consists of Two No One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Therell Always Be an Infantry THE one best way I know to dis abuse your mind of the utter ly false notion that the next war next war there be of the pushbutton type is to do a closeup inspection of our na tions defenses Such an experi ence rid me of my last lingering thought along that line This isnt to say that World war III would be a replica of World war II Refinements in the gentle science of killing have been made are being made and will be made About this Im not just guessing Ive seen some of these refine ments and at close range But what I am intending to say is that there is more wishful thinking and imagination than reality in the rather widespread assumption that guided missiles and superpowerful bombs atomic or obviate the necessity for having fighting men on the scene of action This fundamental fact was im pressed on my thinking at the Pentagon in Washington where for 3 days I met with the top spokes men for army navy and air corps along with representatives of the military research and develop ment board the atomic energy commission and the state depart ment Saw AH 3 Branches Then our party made up of some 60 representatives of busi ness industry education and re ligion drawn from all sections of the country moved out into the field and inspected the army in stallation at Fort Benning Ga the air force proving ground at Eglin Fla and the Atlantic fleet sta tioned at Norfolk Va What we had learned through the spoken word in Washington was graphically demonstrated to us with men and machines a these 3 important bases in our na tional defense setup Previously Ive visited with you at some length about the Pentagon aspects of this 10day socallec joint orientation conference Later Ill cover the air force and the naval phases of it But at this time I want to talk to you abou Fort Benning Ga and its key role in the development and main tenance of a hardhitting army Teamplay Emphasized In our two scorching days at this gigantic military installation either the largest or the next to the largest in America a heartwarming dem onstration of integration and co ordination as among the principal components of the modern the infantryman equipped with enormous fire power the tank with a thick skin and heavy guns arid airplanes carrying a wide as sortment of weapons including bombs From a bleacher seat under a merciless sun and a temperature just under 100 degrees I watched a simulated battle The attack aimed at a distant hill was de signed to demonstrate the high degree of combat efficiency at tainable when infantry armor ar tillery and planes fight together as a team in an offensive action Troops participating in the real istic demonstration included one infantry battalion one tank com pany one platoon of 42inch mor tars one field artillery battalion and one squadron of F84 fighters A Realistic Show The show started with enemy rockets falling in the battalion zone After demonstrating the last minute of preparation fire our at tack was launched Under cover provided by artillery and mor tars our infantry and tanks moved forward as a well organized team from one objective to another and finally to capture the battalion ob jective On the whole the performance was just about as realistic as i could be made in the absence o an enemy Seated with us on the improvised bleachers overlooking the battlefield were some 400 West Point cadets who next Jun will be receiving their commis sions At a demonstration of standard Infantry weapons and the trend In their development since thi of which was off th had been my good fortune on the previous day to b seated next to the beloved father of Fort Benning Gen Malone now retired and living in California Did a Job of Selling From him I heard the story of how back in the days just after World war I a somewhat reluctant congress was induced by him and others to lend some financial sup port to the development of Fort Benning as the armys infantry school Incidentally the fort was named in honor of a confederate army officer Gen Henry L Ben ning whose home was in nearby Columbus Ga Previously there had been a small arms firing school at Camp Perry Ohio a machine gun school Camp Hancock Ga and an in fantry school of arms at Fort Sill Okla The wisdom of joining them at Fort Benning was made appar ent lirst to Secretary Weeks of Continued on Page 2 Reds Threaten Yanks in Southwest Iowa Highway Fatalities Reach 5 Over Weekend By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Iowas 1950 motor vehicle death toll mounted to 291 Monday as 5 weekend fatalities were added to the rolls A year ago at this time the total was 273 The dead Mrs Joseph Kass 38 near GlobeGazette photo by Mussnr FLAMES DESTROY set by two 8yearold boys destroyed the Chica go North Western railroad icehouse on 12th N W Sunday evening as hundreds of spec tators were attracted by the smoke and flames which were visible for many miles 2 Boys Setting Fire to Icehouse Two 8yearold Mason City boys were turned over to juvenile au thorities Monday after admitting that they had started the fire which destroyed the Chicago North Western railroad icehouse on the rightofway north of 12th St N W Sunday evening The building which had been used for storing salt the last year had a good start on firemen when they were called at p m and they confined their efforts to pre venting the flames from spreading to adjacent boxcars on the track The boys were playing with matches inside the icehouse they told Police Chief Harold E Wolfe and had started and put out one fire before starting the one which umped to the walls of the build ng They ran home immediately nd told their parents who called jolice Calls Firemen A passerby who saw the boys unning from the building called he fire department Two oilcars were pulled away rom the blaze by the engine of a freight train which was in the ards The switching of the train also hampered local firemen from aying a 2nd hose line Firemen poured water on the ca Doose and several boxcars of the nearby train The cars however were scorched by the heat and flames Attracts Spectators The large International Minerals and Chemical corporation plant is just west of the icehouse but a west wind carried flying embers in the opposite direction from the plant Several thousand spectators were attracted to the scene when luge clouds of smoke followed by highreaching flames were visible for many miles Local officials of the railroad were unable to place an estimate on the loss of the building They said the structure was at least 25 years old Ferguson Blasts Democratic Report Washington Fer guson RMich Monday blasted a democratic communistingov ernment report as alien and for eign and indicative of dictatorship technique Remsen and her 6monthspld son killed in a twocar collision near Marcus Urban Duane Kraft 3 son of Mr and Mrs Urban Kraft of Cresco killed when he fell out of a car and rolled beneath a wheel Mrs Peter Olson 70 of Manr Chester fatally injured in a two car collision All 3 accidents occurred Sunday A 5th death occurred late Sat urday afternoon Henry Arnold Swenson 46 of Harlan was in jured fatally when his car went out of control and left the road miles southeast of Harlan Sheriff Carl Schleef of Chero kee reported the accident near Marcus occurred at a country road intersection when cars driven by Kass and Richard Dorr 20 of Marcus collided The cars locked fenders and as they ca reened toward a ditch a door of the Kass car flew open The mother and two children fell out beneath the Door vehicle A 3 yearold Kass boy was hospit alized at Le Mars with a broken leg and possible internal injuries The fatal accident near Man chester occurred a short distance from the Olson farm Mrs Ol sons husband also 70 was in jured in the crash which proved fatal to his wife The Olson car collided with one carrying five Byersvillc baseball players One of the players Fred Wessel suf fered a broken leg The Kraft boy met death at a church picnic near Cresco The child while at the picnic with his parents crawled into another car As the car backed out to leave the picnic area the door flew open and the boy fell beneath a iront wheel He died shortly after arrival at a Cresco hospital The name of the woman driver of Iowa Drops in National Population Washington population of the United States has risen al most 19000000 in the past 10 years to a 1950 total officially esti mated at 150520000 In announcing preliminary fig ures for both the nation as a whole and for the individual states the census bureau said Saturday night it still must recheck the totals and account for some 700000 per sons who were on the move dur ing this years nosecount While the final totals will be ready by next December 1 they will not become known until later that month when President Tru man submits them to congress It will be up to the lawmakers to decide then how many house members each state will have on the basis of the new figures Reckoned roughly each congres sional district will have 344000 in habitants compared with the 301 000 figure sei in 1940 when the nations population numbered 131 669275 California will be the big gain er in the house although it is not yet certain by how many seats Californias gain in population amounted to an increase of 516 per cent over 1940 when it had 6907387 inhabitants That surge carried the Pacific coast state past Pennsylvania into 2nd place in the order of states by population New York which held on to 1st place ranked 2nd in the number of persons gained but its percent age increase was only 94 Iowa although dropping from 20th to 22nd in rank among the states in population apparently will not lose any of its present lower house representation of 8 34 Airmen Killed When C46 Falls Transport Plane Plunges Into Pine Thicket Near Base Myrtle Beach S Car big air force transport carrying national guardsmen from war games crashed and burned near here Sunday Thirtyfour men were killed Minutes after the C46 climbed from the Municipal airport here enroute to Nashville it plunged into a lonely pine thicket and burst into flames The towering gasolinefed fire kept rescuers at a distance and they were helpless as they watched the cremation of the Ten nessee air national guardsmen passengers and air force reserve crew from Miami It was burning to beat hell said George Hux Conway S Car undertaker who went to the scene in an ambulance I didnt see any need for me to stay there There were no survivors Everybody is being burned to a crisp It was hours later before air force men could approach the white hot remains Debris was scattered over wide area AP Wirephoto AMERICAN WOUNDED GET 1ST AID Pfc Dominic A Chiera Cohoes N Y medical corpsman gives 1st aid to these wounded riflemen on a train which evacuated wounded from Taejon Two men are not identified Lying on litter laid across tops of seats is a more seriously wounded soldier This Week Will Decide Cable Claims U S Doesnt Have Power To Stop Reds the car was available not immediately REFUSE THOMAS PAROLE Washington fP The U S parole board Monday refused to parole former Representative J Parnell Thomas RN J who is serving 6 to 18 months on convic tion of padding his congressional pay roll Lt Rivedal Air Pilot Returns A Mason City mother has re ceived what she terms the best news a mother can that her son missing in action in Korea is now safe behind Ameri can lines Mrs Sivert Rivedal 937 Jackson N W wife of a cement contrac tor received the word by tele phone from the telegraph office Sunday Her son 1st Lt Arnold D Rivedal an airplane pilot had been reported missing in action for more than a week His parents were notified last Thursday that he was missing I hope for him Thats all I can do Mrs Rivedal said then Lt Rivedal was with the air force in England during World war II He ieenlisted in 1947 and went to Japan with his wife and 3 children Mrs Roosevelt Willed an Estate New York Eleanor Roosevelts godmother who died July 9 has bequeathed the wife of the late president a portion of her substantial estate it was re vealed Monday In her will Mrs Susan Ludlow Parish a cousin of Mrs Roosevelts mother Anna Hall Roosevelt re ferred to Mrs Roosevelt as my godchild Mrs Roosevelts press secretary confirmed the relation ship The exact value of the in heritance was not known Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Sunny Tuesday Low Monday night 53 High Tues day 80 Iowa Fair and pleasant Monday night and Tuesday High Tues day 76 to 82 Low Monday night to 55 northwest 54 to 58 southeast Further outlook Fair Wednesday Thursday partly cloudy Scattered showers like ly west portion Wednesday night or Thursday Warming trend be ginning in west Wednesday and in east Thursday Low Tuesday night in mid50s High Wed nesday 80 to 85 Minnesota Fair and rather cool Monday night and Tuesday Low Monday night 4854 High Tues day 7378 IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum Minimum At 8 a m YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 82 54 65 83 71 By HARRY FERGUSON United Press Foreign News Editor This is the week that probably will decide whether we stay in Korea or get kicked out After a month of war the com munists still are on the offensive We are still trying to hold them until we can build up enough roops and equipment to stabilize line of battle and get ready to o over to the offensive Whether ve hold on to a beach head de jends on how many troops we an get into Korea and how soon Jack James United Press war orrespondent cables from the ront that the troops we have here wont be enough Cant Spare Troops We have 3 American divisions lere plus about an equal number of regrouped South Korean troops This is not enough to stop the communists The communists have about 160000 In the extreme western part of Korea the reds are reported to be advancing un opposed No American or South Corean troops can be spared to stop them The busiest place in the far east oday is Pusan a city of 300000 nersons on the southeast coast of It is the American port of entry to the battle field and from t a doubletracked railroad runs northwest toward where the guns are roaring The United Nations must pro tect Pusan at all costs If we lose t or even if the communists get close enough to reach it with leavy artillery we lose every hing Our only recourse then will be to stage a Dunkirk on the Kor ean beaches retire to Japan and m some distant day mount an amphibious assault in an attempt to recapture Pusan The news from the front Mon day is that we are slowly being hammered southeastward from the battle fields toward Pusan The sheer weight of communist man power isdoing it to us and there seems to be plenty more red troops from where the first one came Mountains Will Help It is a dark picture but there is one ray of light in it If our retreat continues we soon will be in the best defensive position we have ever held in Korea A range of mountains stretches out in a protective semicircle about 75 miles northwest of Pusan It is rugged country with steep cliffs and deep sudden valleys Communist tanks would find it tough going there and American machine gun nests at strategic points could hold up regiments and even divisions of reds A strong defense line in the mountains may be the salvation of the Americans but they still would be exposed to one of the communists most successful tac tics in this and flanking If we prevent that we can hold the line If we cant pre vent the communists will break through and roll down the Nak tong river valley to Pusan and victory We will know the answer this time next week AN OBJECT OF was in this Fort Benning mess hall that the GlobeGazette editor and his party had their noon meal as guests of tank sections noncommis sioned officers Reference is made to it in Mr Halls com mentary reproduced in this issue The high morale of the officers and men at the Georgia infantry school base one of the worlds largest military establishments is reflected in this mess hall ROBERT L WALLACE Bob Wallace Is Elected Amvet Officer Des L Bob Wallace Mason City was elected 1st vice commander of Amvets at the closing session of the organi zations state convention here Sunday Earl Allais of Clinton was named state commander Wallace present state 2nd vice commander was the charter com mander of the Mason City post and served as district commander before assuming his present posi tion He was with the signal ra dio intelligence service of the 1st and 3rd armies in the European theatef during World war II Mrs Rice Named Mrs C A Rice Mason City was named alternate national committeewoman by the Amvets Auxiliary The convention also passed a number of resolutions including one urging President Truman to make it clear to Russia that any future military aggression by Rus sia or one of its satellites will be considered an act of war Other officers elected were Robert Eisenberger Storm Lake 2nd vice commander John Kyle Waterloo 3rd vice commander William Paikin Iowa City 4th vice commander Dwyer Duncan Ames 5th vice commander Want Bonus Postponed The convention unanimously approved a resolution suggesting postponement of any national veterans bonus because of the Korean situation The resolution said a national bonus at this time would be an extreme and unwarranted burden on the national economy in the present crisis and recommended that the national Amvet conven tion reconsider its resolution of last year calling for payment of such a bonus The auxiliary elected Mrs M C Van Garp of Pella as presi dent Commies Aim CutOff of Peninsula Enemy Yields Ground to 1st Cavalry in Counterattack By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS North Korean communists have conquered about two thirds of South Korea and Americans and South Korean forces fought Monday to re tain the remaining third for a buildup of power which can spark a counteroffensive The communists put on mounting pressure all along the front line They sent stab bing tankled assaults into American lines along the 150 mile front extending from the Taejon area eastward while in the southwest they threatened U S positions with a broad flanking move ment The North Korean radio said the reds captured the southwest port of Mokpo and the town of Namwon which is 30 miles south east of Chonju This would swing in closer the wide flanking arc Rovins Bands Gen Mac Arthurs headquarters said these forces in the southwest were roving bands opposed only by South Korea police But the movement presented a dangerous threat and he said measures were being taken to eliminate it A description of the front lines by MacArthur headquarters indi cated the Americans and South Koreans were giving up more ground It presented a picture of a wide communist arc extending from below Youngdok on the east coast around Yechon and Ham chang down through the area near Yongdong and east of Taejon and thence down almost to the southwest coast MacArthurs bul letin had placed theredbands at the outskirts of Mokpo and Nam won in the southwest This line showed about two thirds of South Korea under com munist control United Nations forces hold a third which is shaped like a generous slice of pie with the key supply port of Pusan as its point MacArthurs bulletin said the communist attacks in the central sectors were being repulsed In the latest assault on the cen tral front the communists sent in 8 tanks with infantrymen against first cavalry division positions near Yongdong New ground rocket bazookas knocked out 3 of the tanks and U S tankkiller teams were hunting the other 5 in dark British May Send Troops to Korea London government discussed a plan Monday to send 2000 to 3000 ground troops to South Korea to reinforce the U S 8th army A decision was expected before the defense debate in commons Wednesday The troops would be drawn from Hong Kong or Malaya ness On the southwest sector the reds took Kwangju almost at the tip of the peninsula and nullified for American use the ports of and Mokopo to the south This placed the reds in position to launch a drive eastward in thedi rection of Pusan main American supply port 120 air miles distant The communists had moved down in the southwest sector against comparatively little resistance and the advance could develop into a dangerous f 1 a n k in g movement against the PusanTaejon rail line 18000 Casualties A U S defense department spokesman in Washington esti mated the North Koreans have lost up to 18000 in casualties thus far With clearing weather the U S Air battle and strategic arm roared into into damaging attacks behind the SAME Black flaf mruns truffle death In lines The 5th air force moved its advance base from southern Japan to Korea where two fields already are in operation B29 Superforts from Japan struck at communist transport lines They dropped 80 tons of bombs on bridges and roads lead ing to the Taejon front Fighters and light bombers flew 248 indi vidual flights against red positions U S planes are also dropping pro paganda leaflets behind the lines Will Leant Russian Intentions Washington advices said pros pects for new diplomatic negotia tions looking to an end to the Ko rean war now appeared to hinge on the outcome of the U S ef fort to stabilize the front in South Korea Russias real intentions in Korea would be brought out if the red advance bogged down U S officials say Moscow would then have to choose whether to help the satellite communists or reach a decision of negotiation Clarinda Girl Is Miss Iowa Council Bluffs XP Eighteen yearold Virginia Lines of Clarin da a brunet was chosen Sunday night as Miss Iowa for 1950 She will compete for the Miss Amer ica title at Atlantic City this fall Marian Jean Rees 22 of Carroll county was 2nd and Deloris Thompson 18 of Logan was 3rd Marie Pergakis represented Mason City in the contest i V V ;