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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 24, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION iiiiiir VOL un Ajodud Proa and United rull Land Wires Five Cent a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JULY 24 1947 This Paper Consists ot Two One No 244 EYE USSR NO TO JAP PEACE TALK HOOSEVOTESTO FREEZE SOCIAL SECURITY TAX Expect Speedy Senate Action on Measure for 1 Per Cent Levy house quickly approved without opposition Thursday a compromise bill freez ing the social security payroll tax at 1 per cent for another 2 years Speedy senate action is expected to send the measure to President Truman for signature thus fore stalling a Increase in the tax Jan 1 The house voted shortly after house and senate conferees broke a deadlock on conflicting versions of the bill Without the freeze action the tax would automatic ally go up from 1 per cent to 25 per cent on employes pay and em ployers payrolls The compromise provides that the to pay old age and survivors in crease to 15 per cent in 1950 and tb 2 per cent in 1952 Other compromise developments Flood house Thurs day approved and sent to the sen ate an additional appropriation of for interior department flood controlwork in the Missouri river basin President Truman last week asked for the same projects in his message to congress recommending an additional 000000 to start a 10year flood control program in the midwest Speedy senate approval was ex pected for a bill carrying 979825 for flood control projects to be built during the current fis cal year Of this sum the Missis sippi river basin is to get 805625 Congress republi can leaders Speaker Joseph Mar tin House Majority EeMer Charles Halleck Senate President Pro7Tem Arthur Vandenberg and Senate Majority Leader Wallace White were empowered Thursday to summon congress to a special session during the fall if neces sary house ap proved and returned to the sen ate for final action a compromise bill for operation of independent agencies through fiscal 1948 Most of this is for veterans decided to drop for this session a houseap proved bill to set up a special board to fire disloyal persons from federal employment The house appropriationscommittee approved a supplemental money bill carry ing to finance Mr Trumans loyalty check of Interior J A Krug told a senate war in vestigating subcommittee he had heard that Industrialist Henry J Kaiser put the heat of hell on everybody in Washington to get a airplane contract for himself and Howard Hughes h e senate ap proved congress final version of the armynavy unification bill es tablishing 3 military departments under a cabinet secretary of de fense House approval of the bill was AP Witephoto CRIPPLED NURSE to a wheelchair in a tiny room in the Birmingham veterans hospital at Van Nuys Cal Irene Reid 62 a navy nurse spends her time painting in oils Stricken with arthritis in 1919 she has been confined to hospitals since 1936 She can move only 2 fingers of her left hand Nurse Beulah Boosener holds 2 finished paintings Disclose U S and Britain Settle Germany Differences 2 Countries to Discuss Methods to Increase Ruhr Coal Production expected to send it to the white house later Thursday Bohlen has been confirmed by senate to be the new counselor to the state departmentsucceeding veteran new dealer Benjamin Cohen Thesenate also confirmed the entire U S delegation to the 2nd session of the United Nations gen eral assembly at New York in September Warren R Austin U S representative to the UN se curity council will head the dele gation The senate also confirmed the following John Carter Vincent of Georgia to be U minister to Switzer land Approved as U S attorney was Joseph T Votava for the District of Nebraska Approved as U S marshalwas George E Proudfit for the district of Nebraska Income Bertrand W Gearhart Thursday introduced a bill to cut personal income taxes by a year and to impose a manufactur ers excise tax of 10 per cent on fully processed gfiods Gearhart a member of the tax writing house ways and means committee proposed to double the present personal exemption for income taxes A married man without children would be given a personal exemption instead of the present The present exemption for dependents would be continued Moving rapidly toward adjourn ment Wednesday the senate passed and sent to the house Bill providing for permanent corps of WACS WAVES and London high American source said Thursday that U S and British differences over a conference on Germany had been settled and that Britain had ten tatively accepted a U S invita tion to meet in Washington to discuss methods of increasing coal production in the Ruhr The informant who may not be identified by name said the British had agreed with the American position that other questions such as financing and feeding of the economically merged American and British zones of Germany should not he subjects of the discussions He said the British also agreed to hold the talks in Washington rather than Berlin as suggested earlier The informant said an an nouncement of the agreement was expected soon The conference had been sched uled tentatively last week but the British objected to an Ameri can proposal to limit decisions to the Ruhr coal production An informed British source said the British had wanted to discuss revision of administration in the Bizonal area including a proposal that the United States assume 80 per cent of the cost of feeding and administering the zones in stead of the current 5050 cosl sharing In Paris a French spokesman said Thursday France would ac cept the United States proposal for a BritishFrenchAmerican con ference on the future level of in dustry in Germany The spokesman said France was awaitingmore precise details ol the American proposal before making an official reply DEFENSE HEAD NOT SELECTED Truman Nat Ready to Name New Secretary Washington President Truman said Thursday he is not ready to say who will be named secretary of national defense to head the unified armed forces Legislation completing the uni fication procedure is before con gress It will set up the army navy and air forces as separate branches of service Each branch will have a secretary but over all supervisionwill be under the secretary of national defense who will have cabinet rank Mr Truman was asked at a news conference whether Secre tary of the Navy Forrestal is in line to become defense secretary He replied that he hadnt heard anything about that but he would let the reporters know when he is ready to announce his choice Senateh ouse conferees reached agreement Wednesday night on a compromise version of the unification measure in cluding safeguards for the ma rine corps and naval aviation Confessed Slayer Denies Link With Missing Girl Lincoln Nebr George Thomas Lee 16yearold con fessed sex slayer of 8yearold Charles MulhoUand told officers he has never been in Fort At kinson Wis where 8yearold Georgia Jean Weckler disappeared last May 1 The young wanderer who Wed nesday pleaded guilty to charges of first degree murder told Coun ty Attorney Fritz Wagener he was in the state prison at Carson City Nev when the girl disappeared Records show he received a con ditional pardon from a 15 years burglary sentence May 5 Women Marines armed services in the regular Finish Highway Striping Denison state highway commission work crew has com pleted painting new No Passing Zone stripes on Highway 30 in Carroll county and now is work ing west of here Ground glass in the new paint will reflect the light and enable drivers to see the lines better at night the commis sion said Albert Lea Council Picks City Manager Albert Lea Minn Hyde 34 Western Springs HI was announced Thursday as tha new city manager to replace Leroy Harlow Mayor Lyle Ostrander and the 6man city council met in a spe citl session Wednesday and chose Hyde for the a year job Hyde will take over next Sep tember when Harlow leaves for Fargo N Dak to become city manager at a year Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy through Friday slowly rising tempera tures Low Thursday night 60 to 65 High Friday about 85 towa Partly cloudy Thursday night and Friday slowly rising tem peratures Low Thursday night 60 to 65 High Friday 85 to 88 Minnesota Partly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday Wanner Friday and in extreme north portion Thursday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Thursday morning Maximum 80 Minimum 55 At 8 a m Thursday 68 YEAR AGO Maximum 84 Minimum 59 U S PLANNING MORE TESTS OF ATOM WEAPONS World Told America Means to Maintain Position in Field By ELTON C FAT Washington world un able to agree on international con trol of atomic bombs was put on notice by the United States Thurs day that 1 It intends to conduct more tests of Pacific atomic weapons in the 2 Top military officers in the field of nuclear fission now heac a joint armynavy agency devoted to development of atomic wea pons of all types 3 We mean to maintain and increase the preeminence of the United States in atomic weapons until acceptable international agreements are reached and con trol machinery established A report of the atomic energy commission to congress contained the terse announcement of fur ther experiments and the implied acceptance of any challenge to a world atomic armament race Russia and the United States made plain again Thursday at a New York session of the United Nations atomic energy commis sion their diametrically opposed views on the subject of big pow ers veto rights over international atomic control questions The armed forces disclosed in answering a reporters questions something of the activities of their atomic weaponeers at work on the armed forces special wea pons project The commissions announce ment of more tests was made in this single sentence The atomic energy commission is establishing proving grounds In the Pacific for routineexpert ments and tests of atomic wea pons Commission officials refused to elaborate but there was immedi ate speculation That the test of a3rd atomic bomb against one exploded 2 or 3 thousand feet un der be forthcoming Such a test scheduled originally o be held early this year at Bikini was postponed indefinite y by order of President Truman The postponement came as world lowers were preparing last fall or a meeting of the United Na ions essembly and ensuing par eys That atom bombardiers want to know by experiment what the weapon would do to a simulated modern steelandconcrete city and whether it would produce a ocalized but highly destructive articifical earthquake if exploded jelow ground That atomic scientists believe hey have produced bombs vastly more powerful than those used up o cant be sure unless ome actual explosion tests are conducted Arrest of GunToter Spurs Security Talk Washington arrest of another gun toter at the just after President Trumans sur prise senate fresh talk Thursday of tightening con gressional security But the 2nd incident of its in 10 days found lawmakers still wondering what can he done The latest episode occurrec Wednesday when capitol police seized an armed former service man in a mens wash room in the senate wing of the capitol The former serviceman arrested Thursday was identified by Sen ate SergeantatArms Edward Mc Ginnis as Clifton R H Spires 39 of Augusta Ga He served in thi army for 17 months was dis charged for a disability and spen some time at a veterans hospita in Augusta Study World Trade Group to Buy Grain Washington Tru man said Thursday that a world trade organization to buy grain for distribution under the Marshal European recovery plan is under consideration The president made this state ment at a news conference when questionedabout Secretary of Ag riculture Andersons proposal for such an organization Mr Truman also said that he has no plans for domestic controls over wheat and corn The socalled Marshall plan first announced by Secretary of State Marshall is the United States offer to help European na tions get on their feet economical ly if they work out plans to do what they can on their own On the matter of domestic con trols over grain Mr Truman said those mentioned in his recent eco nomic message to congress had to do with export and transportation controls which might be necessary to get grains to port cities for ship ment abroad fowa Begins Licensing if Private Detectives Des Moines fl If Sherlock Holmes operated in Iowa today he would need in addition to a curvedstem pipe and a magnify ing glass a state license Forms for the licensing and regulation of detectives and de tective agencies in the state are seing sent out now by the state jureau of investigation Chief R W Nebergall says Under a law passed by the last egislature private detectives who qualify will pay a license fee of J10 a year and agencies a year The former will post a bond and the latter a bond The private eyes are being required to send in 2 sets of fin jerprints and photographs This febergall explained is to make certain that the applicant does not lave a prison record The signatures of 5 citizens who are not relatives and who are willing to vouch for his character and integrity must be submitted by each applicant Equip Railroad With Bibles Chicago Grand Trunk Western Canadian National Rail ways said Thursday that Gideon nternational has equipped the oads cabooses with Bibles The Jideons have distributed 2605 12 Bibles in North America mostly in hotels P Wirephoto CLIFTON SPIRES Siezed in Senate Wing REACH TRUCE IN STRIKE VIOLENCE RemingtonRand Plant Scene of Picket Fight Benton Harbor Mich Company and union official reached a truce early Thursday in a dispute which erupted inti violence at the RemingtonRand company plant here Wednesday and brought emergency units o city and state police streaminj into the area The temporary agreement an nounced after an allnight meet Ing ended threats of a new flare lip of fighting between CIO TTnitet ElectricalWorkers who attemptei to end a strike at the plant am others who battled to halt the backtowork movement Police were forced to use fire loses and billy clubs to subdue the fighting unionists A half dozen pickets were hurt though none seriously and 3 were ar rested The fighting climaxed 2 days of tension which had existed ce RemingtonRand reopenec he plant Monday after beint strikebound since June 23 anc nvited strikers to return to their jobs Capt W L Babcock of the state police announced Thursday that the company and union hac agreed to leave the plant closec temporarily in order to prevent violence trouble or possible jloodshed Boys Quarrel Starts Riot Calcutta quarrel be ween small boys in the village of Kharagpur touched off a religious Thursday Six persons were tilled and 2 others were injured He was taken first to a police station and charged with carrying a concealed weapon and then wa taken to a Washington hospita for examination a routine proce dure in such cases McGinnis sai the man probably would be hel under observation there for 31 days Scarcely 5 minutes before Mr Truman had left the building aft er makingan unannounced visi and a brief speech to the senate where he once was a member The washroom is off a corridor through which the presiden walked on his way to the senati chamber one flight up The other incident occurred Julj 12 when a former capitol police man fired 2 shots harmlessly a Senator Bricker ROhio as the lawmaker was about to board a subway car which runs between the senate office building and the capitol The exofficer was sent to a hospital here for observation McGinnis said it was quite ap parent that the presence of Mr Truman and Thursdays gun toter in the building at about the same time was purely coincidental Nevertheless senators expressec concern and said something ough to be done about it Bricker told a reporter he woulc like to see a welltrained capita police force under civil service regulations rather than the pres ent patronage appointees who make up the unit The Ohioan said he may suggest this at the next session of congress in January Senator Ives RN Y took a pessimistic view saying If a guy is going to get shot hell get it whether he is in one place or another But the New York lawmaker agreed with Bricker that the cap itol police should be under civi service Senators Ives Bricker Myers and Buck were unanimously op posedto irisking capitol visitors for concealed weapons You couldnt do that in a free country Ives commented RESTORE ORDER IN COSTA RICA 5 Killed in Series of Political Clashes San Jose Costa Rica tional police reinforced by 2000 special deputies appeared Thurs day to have restored order in San Jose and other Costa Rican cities following a Aeries of bitter politi cal clashes and street fights in which at least 5 persons were cilled and 59 wounded Business and transportation in his capital city however re mained virtually paralyzed by a jeneral strike called by opposi ion leaders which closed all banks and commercial establish ments Reports from neighboring Guatemala asserted that a state of open revolt actually existed in Costa Rica but informed sources n Panama expressed doubt that there had been any attempt at an organized rebellion Most of the casualties the Panama sources said were unarmed student dem onstrators who were struck by police gunfire The strike was denounced by he Costa Rican cabinet as a subversive movement headed y Otilio Ulate newspaper pub isher and leader of the opposi tion party who has charged the overnment with restrictive meas ures in the current presidential campaign in which he is a can didate The cabinet gave a vote of con iidence to President Teodoro who said he would main tain order at any cost It was reported in Balboa anama canal zone that the Costa Rican government had imposed martial law and Pan American Airways in Balboa said Wednes day night that all its flights in and out of San Jose bad been can elled Sorlien photo VISITING AT Caldwell formerly of Mason City arrived at Clear Lake Wednesday morning via the MidContinent Airlines from Hollywood Cal going by way of Kansas City on the Constellation She is visiting at the home of her parents Mr and Mrs Leon Coggins who reside at Reeleys Point and the picture shows her with golden tan and peasant dress with her parents and her dog Major She expects to be at the lake about a month Last week Befcty appeared as guest star on a CBS coast to coast radio program in Hollywood Jack of All Trades She recently completed a p i c t u r e The Miracle Can Happen which has not yet been released She appears in a sequence oppo site Fred McMurray A 13forOne Adoption Meade Kans L iYiesen got more than he bar ained for when he provided for a tray shepherd dog that wandered n A few days later she became the mother of 13 pups SAME DATE While means no tnltlt death In part 14 hours U S DOES NOT CONSIDER DOOR CLOSEDBYREDS Feel Note Mainly Set of CounterProposals to American Plan By JOHN M HIGHTOWER Washington depart ment officials began study of Rus sias note on Japanese peace treaty procedure Thursday with an eye to what points Moscow left open for negotiation Although it was clear the So viets had rejected American pro posals which would eliminate the big power veto in the peace settle ment Lincoln White department press officer told a news confer ence the Russian note is under consideration in all its phases White said this includes the Phase that this is not a complete turndown of our proposal but mainly a set of counterproposals The significance of Whites com ment appeared to be that the United States wants to find some avenue for continuing negotiations and therefore considers that the Soviet note has not closed any doros finally Diplomatic authorities said pre viously the central issue is wheth er the American government should seek the collaboration of governments other thanRussia in going ahead with Japanese treaty drafting This would mean in effect a de cision to make a separate peace with Japan Up to this week there had been considerable hope here that Wash ington and Moscow would be able to devise some means for fashion ing the Japanese treaty which would eliminate many of the fric tions that have beset peace mak ing in Europe Russias rejection Wednesday of American proposals along this line greatly dimmed if it did not kill off these hopes Some officials said the major question now facing the American and other governments interested in early progress on the far east peace settlement is whether they should go ahead with a separate is a treaty without Etussia But there is a question whether his could be done legally While an interpretation remains xi be worked out some authorities recalled that as early as the United Nations declaration of January 1942 the United States Britain Russia and other major nations at war with the axis pledged them selves not to make a separate armistice or peace with the ene mies Russia was not then at war with Japan so it is a question whether he pledge would be considered legally binding in the present situ ation The soviet reaction to American jroposals for beginning work on a Japanese treaty Aug 19 was an nounced Wednesday by the Mos cow radio The United States had proposed July 11 that 11 nations including he great powers should meet at Washington or San Francisco to organize the treaty drafting A najor point of the proposal was hat the nations work under a sys em of decisions by twothirds procedure which would deny any one nation the right of veto This marked a radical depart ure from the German and other European treaty making proced ures in 2 respects It included na tions other than the great powers and it denied the veto privilege In rejectingthe proposal the Soviets did not comment specific ally on these 2 points Instead they contended 1 That the Japanese peace treaty like the European treaties should be worked out in the first nstance by the foreign ministers council of the great powers of the ar Britain China and Russia The great powers in Europe are the Big 3 plus France This procedure would restore he veto because under the coun cils operation unanimity is re quired on all decisions Z That the United States acted unilaterally by initiating pro osals for a Japanese peace con erence without going through council of foreign minister chan nels This amounted to an accusation hat the American government was deliberately breaking estab ished rules for peace making The Soviets in fact argued that he precedents and procedures had een laid down in the whole series of wartime conferences at Pots dam and elsewhere While Russias rejection was a lisappointment to Washington of icials it was not unexpected Broadly it fits into the pattern if constantly increasing disagree ments between the worlds 2 greatest powers ;