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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 24, 1945, Mason City, Iowa Of CO HISTORY ARCHIVES NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LI Press and Unjted Press Full Leased Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JULY 24 1945 This Paper Consists ot Two Ouc NO 247 INSIDE WASHINGTON Fear PanSlavic Bloc From Oder River to the Pacific Special to Central Press President Tru man carries oil his first Big 3 meeting with Prime Minister Churchill and Premier American and British observers ieel concern over the turn Russia may take in the reconstruction of Europe One London expert has said that the U S S R now lu the full flush of victory may prove to be a toughminded partner of the United States and the United Kingdom Some authorities foresee Russia forming a PanSiavic bloc which across eastern Europe and Si beria to the Pa cific ocean This it is ar gued is as logi cal to expect as the PanAmeri can union which the United Stales has built up and so strongly defend ed and would STALIN fall with the regional arrangements permitted under the united nations charter One of the things which labor leaders will urge upon Secretary of Labor Schwellenbach is mod ernization of the departments costotliving index Labor long has maintained that the index used to reflect price changes needs revamping to make it more accurate As the index is compiled now would extend from the Oder river in Germany they say it fails to show actual rises in living costs caused by such in tangibles as the disappearance of lowcost goods and quality deter ioration Schwellenbach now is holding private conferences with AFL President William Green CIO President Philip Murray and Unit 2000 PLANES POUND JAP BASE Big 3 Will Recess for One Day CHURCHILL TO ENGLAND FOR VOTE RESULTS Recess Does Not Mean End of Conference Says British Group Potsdam big 3 has scheduled a recess of one day Thursday so that Prime Minister Churchill may be in London when the results of the British election are announced and the leaders of the new British government are expected here Friday it was learned authoritatively Tuesday The British delegation empha sized earlier that Churchills trip to London did not mean the end of the Potsdam conference The announcement said Church ill would be accompanied by For eign Secretary Anthony Eden and Clement Attlee labor party leader who has been sitting in on the conferences at the prime ministers invitation Churchill Foreign Secretary An thony Eden and Clement R Att lee labor party leader who has been sitting in on the conferences ed Mine Workers Chief John L Lewis on the matter OPA is working on a new ra tion book which will be issued late this year It will be War Ra tion Book No 5 and the last OPA will be needed Ration Book 4 is due to run out of the currentlygood red and blue food stamps this fall Until the new book is delivered use probably will be made of still remaminglia No The hew book will be distribut ed at school houses as were the first ration books ever issued in this country Some of the later books were mailed to consumers but this system is to be abandoned for book No 5 Among changes in the new book will be an absence of numerals giving stamps 8 5 2 and 1point values Such designations no long er are needed since all food ration stamps now are worth 10 points regardless of the numerals printed on their laces Archibald MacLeish former li brarian of congress is expected to leave his present post in the state department when Secretary Byrnes getas back from the Potsdam con ference in Germany and begins reorganization But department heads hope that one little project he has started will be carried on That is the holding of small intimate parties by smaller state department fry who have dealings with foreign at Churchills invitation arranged to leave Potsdam by plane late Wednesday after the 9th succes sive Big 3 business session President Truman and Premier Stalin will fake off Thursday from the highest level delibera tions while staffs of the 3 pow ers catch up on the paper work Sometime Friday the Big 3 are schedules to resume the meeting in a Hohenzollern palace here While there wasno elaboration it was presumed here that Church ill and Eden would return to Pols dam immediately in event of a conservative party victory Should PETAIN TREASON TRIAL full uniform of a marshal of France his uniform cap on the inkstained table before him Henri Philippe Petain is shown seated in the high court of justice in Paris as his trial on a charge of treason gets under way Head of the state during the Vichy regime the aged marshal insists that his every action dur ing the German occupation was for the good of his country The prosecution demands the death penalty if i 55 Reynaud Accuses Both Petain King Leopold of in French Trial for Treason Gasoline ood Ration Book Planned Washington food and asoline rationing books will be istributcd in December Price Administrator Chester lowles said Tuesday war ration ook five will be issued at schools nil other public buildings liroughout the country from Dec 3 through 15 It will contain tamps for meats and fats pro essed foods sugar and shoes At the same time and through he same channels new A gasoline books will be distributed They vill go into use December 22 Ration book 5 smaller than a dollar bill and containing only half as many stamps as book 4 will be used soon after the first of next year The supply de partment of agriculture and the war production told us that meats and fats canned goods sugar and shoes all will be in tight supply for some months o come so it looks as it a ration book will be needed throughout most of next year Bowles said Saying it has been set up to last from 10 to 15 months if necessary he added We hope that book 5 will be the last in the series of wartime ration books and that there will be plenty of stamps we wont have to use The new A gasoline book the third since the start of rationing will differ from the current book only in color It also is prepared for use for about 15 months in the hope it will be the last needed The book for food and shoes will have only numbered stamps ot different colors and designs combination oE letters and stamps now used on food coupons is being discontinued ES BOMBS SHELLS HIT JAPAN Map locates cities on the Japanese home islands hit recently by air and sea attacks Bomb burst symbols represent shelling by al lied naval forces All targets were hit from the air Consider Cut for Civilian Travel on Buses Airlines Plan to Take Care of Army Deployment 4000 TONS HIT NIP NAVY BASE TOKYO ADMITS Third Fleet Sends Carrier Airplanes Over Honshu Island Guam thousand American warplanes by Tokyos admission from carriers and half Q dozen land bases hammered Japan with concentrated fury Tuesday pounding warships in the great Kure naval base and blasting the pulsing industrial centers of Osaka and Nagoya with 4000 tons of explosives The prowling U S third fleet moved back to the shores of Japan in force sending between anil 1500 carrier planes racing over Kure and inland cities on Honshu island Associated Press war corres pondents with the fleet reported pilots located hiding enemy war ships and dove to the attack through intense antiaircraft fire and the first aggressive fighter powers Of course big wig in the de partment always have had their social functions but not until Mac Leish arrived was this extended to lower level personnel and the foreign representatives with whom they meet The plan worked so well and had such excellent results that a move is under way to make these Vote Tab Thursday London UR Prime Minister Churchill should knort by 5 p m 11 a m CWT Thursday whether he hasbeen returned to office by the British electorate Ballots in the 610 constituencies of the United Kingdom have been sealed in the boxes where they were cast since July 5 or in the case of a few districts where local holidays coincided with the gen eral election date since July 12 and 19 In addition the ballots of servicemen overseas have been accumulating and have been im pounded as they are received the labor party be victorious Att lee presumably would return in the role of prime minister accom panied by his partys choice for foreign secretary The election re sults will be made known Thurs day Paris Former social policy functions a permanent It looks as if President Truman will have to put the heat on the senate if he wants action on the houseapproved bill making the house speaker and senate president pro tempore next in line as presi dent in place the secretary of state The house heeding Mr Tru mans request for speed hurriedly passed the bill embodying his rec ommendations and sent it to the senate When the bill reached that body however it was referred to a sub committee of the committee on privileges and elections without any indication that action would be taken How long the topranking Brit ish leaders would be absent was not disclosed but it was consid ered possible they might be able to return to Potsdam by Saturday after disposing of the business of forming a new government Churchill has been carrying on at the head oE an interim govern ment since the breakup of the co alition government in June Whether President Truman and Premier Stalin might continue dis cussions of matters of primary concern to their 2 countries dur ing the absence of the British leaders remained a matter of spec ulation in diplomatic circles Paul Reynaud accused both Mar shal Petain and King Leopold of Belgium of treachery Tuesday in surrendering to Germany and told the court trying the old soldier for his life that a FrenchBritish union is an ideal which some day must be realized The first witness in the trial of the chief of state of the Vichy regime said that the reason the British attacked the French fleet in north Africa in 1940 was that Prime did not trust the word oX Adm Jean Dar lan Petains right hand man Reynaud said that when France was collapsing President Hoose velt sent Petain an extremely strong message saying acceptance of German armistice terms would imperil the friendship of France with the United States govern ment and its people The dapper little politician who old Washington UR A move to cut civilian travel on buses and airlines was under consideration Tuesday as a means furnishing more transportation for army re deployment The proposed cut is still in the discussion stage But it neverthe less raised a sharp new threat for those who still entertain hopes for a vacation despite the sharp reduction in civilian railway space Director J Monroe of the Nevada University Head Praises Fraternities las Angeles John G Moseley president of the Univer sity of Nevada Tuesday praised college fraternities for friendships and leadership training they of fer returning war veterans Moseley past president of Sig ma Alpha Epsilon fraternity took issue with Mrs Glenn Frank wife of the former president of the University of Wisconsin who said GIs returning to college are dis gusted by the frivolities of fra ternity life Returning veterans will value the leadership the fraternity of fers in training discipline friend ships and schooling in the art of getting along with others Mose ley said He agreed however that 1hey would be impatient of over balanced social programs and college pranks MORE HEAT IS DUE IN IOWA Des Moines were expected to continue to swelter Tuesday and the corn grow taller as the weather bureau forecast fair and continued warm Only promised relief which might affect some sections were predictions for widely scattered Rain storms Monday provided residents in most sections of the state with slightly cooler weather Council Bluffs was the states hot spot with a reading of 97 2 de grees below the seasons high at Burlington Sunday Rain in Des Moines brought the temperature down to a maximum of 87 Monday 11 degrees off the previous days reading Spencer also enjoyed a relatively cool 87 Other top temperatures Monday included Burlington and Daven port 96 Sioux City and Iowa City 93 Dubuque 92 Estherville and Lamoni 90 Marshal described the proposal Prime Minister Churchill when France was collapsing in 1910 for a union Petain on trial for his life on accusations of intelligence with the enemy and plotting the se curity of France strode into the Palace of Justice courtroom 20 minutes late on this 2nd day of the hearing He was clad in his marshals uniform his face ap peared fresh and expressionless Reynaud said ihat on the day his cabinet fell June 16 1940 he did not oppose a cease fire order hut was firmly against demands for an armistice He repeated that he vrished to transfer the govern ment to French Africa and con tinue the war from there and was opposed by Petain and Gen IVIax ime tVeygand commander in chief of the recline French forces He testified that while the ar mistice was being discussed he ar gued with Petain and Adm Jean Darlan over the French fleet Asked if the warships would be given to the Germans Reynaud said Darlan replied I would sooner put it out to sea He testified that assassinated in Algiers where he was collaborating with the Amer ican orders to the fleet command to sink the ships rather than let them fall into Ger man hands Reynaud said also that Petain corrupted Darlan and thereby brought about capitulation of the French fleet asserting The armistice could not have been signed without capitulation of the fleet Reynaud closed his testimony with the words Never has a peo ple been more mistaken than the French concerning has a leader done so much harm to a people as Petain did Reynaud who handed Petain control of the staggering French government in June 1940 said he would attempt to establish that Petain not only frustrated his own efforts to keep France fighting but that the marshal also actively aided the Germans Petain 89 year old marshal of France and former head of the Vichy regime is charged Aiith in telligence with the enemy and of plotting against the security of that would ren der him liable to a death sentence if proved 900 Workers Out at Cudahy Packing Plant in Company Lockout Newport Minn UP Move than 900 workers were off the job at Cudahy Packing plant here Tuesday because of what union of ficials termed a company lock gf of defense transporta the possible new out J D Smith president of Local 55 of United Packinghouse Work ers said that when workers reported for work Monday morn ing the company locked them out He said firm officials had refused to discuss with the union the reinstatement of 11 women discharged last week lor refusing to work overtime Union members reported to the plant last Saturday but declined to work and were ordered home by the company SOAP WILL NOT BE RATIONED Washington Secretary of Agriculture Clinton P Anderson said Tuesday he had no plan to order rationing of soap In a statement he appealed to housewives to discontinue the practice of raiding store shelves as soon as new soap shipments are received At the same time he announced that manufacturers will be per mitted to make a 10 per cent in in the output of household heavy duty laundry type soap chips flakes powders granulated and other similar types Approve Budget Council Bluffs ap proval for a 194647 budget of 51252494 was given by the Coun ciu Bluffs city council Monday Buy Tour War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Deployment Timetable Paris redeployment timetable ot U S army divi sions 13TH ARMORED Advance party home remainder should begin reaching United States about Friday 9TH ARMY HEADQUARTERS On high seas first elements should reach port about Saturday 20TH ARMORED Advance units on high seas bulk of division scheduled to clear Le Havre Wednesday and Thursday 28TH INFANTRY Advance party on high seas main body at camp in Le Havre staging area 30TH INFANTRY Advance party on high seas remainder being processed in Reims assembly area 35TH INFANTRY Advance party awaiting shipment at Le Havre bulk expected to go to Reims assembly area in about a week 45TH INFANTRY In Beims assembly area FAILS IN RAGE TO VISIT SON Galveston Texas IP Mrs Eva Shipp unsuccessful in an at tempt to reach the bedside of her son at a marine hospital here be fore be diefl was enroute back to her Waterloo Iowa home Tues day While his mother was being flown to Galveston Monday Gun ners Mate 2nd class Richard Shipp died of bronchial pneumonia Navy doctors here refused to confirm a report that Shipp had fallen overboard at sea causing the respirational ailment Com manding Officer Styles of the navy training base here could not be reached The body of Shipp will be sent to Waterloo for burial Mrs Shipp gained a priority for an airline seat from Des Moines to Galveston Monday through ef forts of the Waterloo Red Cross she was flown to Des Moines from Waterloo by private plane It was reported at Waterloo that the message received by Mrs Shipp telling of her sons serious condition related that the gunners mate had fallen overboard and was bleeding from the lungs travel curbs Monday during tes timony before the senate war in vestigating committee He said he was working with the army in an effort to work out a program whereby airlines and buses like the railroads would do their share in the troop redeployment pro gram The government has taken over more than half of all Pullman sleepers for army use and has made other cars subject to wilh drawal from regular service without notice when army needs dictate Johnson was called before the senate committee again Tuesday to continue explaining why he be lieves the army is responsible for he jammed condition ot the rail roads He said Monday that the ODT was unable to take appro priate steps because the war de partment kept him in the dark on Lts redeployment plans This situation still exists he said despite the fact that the committee protested to Secretary of War Henry L Stimson through thi office of war mobilization JAP FORGES IN BIG PUSH Japanese Attempts to Relieve Pressure Chungking UR Japanese forces have taken the offensive in Kiangsi province in an appar ent effort to relieve pressure on embattled Kweilin260 miles to the southwest A Chinese com munique announced Tuesday ene my troops have swept to the Kan river The communique said Japanese troops have captured Waan 15 miles east of Suichwan 33 miles southeast of Nanchang and were driving on Taiho 25 miles north of Waan when they were inter cepted by hardfighting Chinese troops Japanese troops in this slashing drive may have hoped to force the Chinese high command to with draw some of its troops from hose assaulting Kweilins perime ter U S Subs Strike San Francisco U S submarines bombarded Chichi Jima in the Boniu islands 550 miles southeast of Tokyo for 30 minutes early Tuesday Japanese broadcasts reported interception the enemy has mounted in 2 weeks of naval air and sea bombardments AP Correspondent James Linds ley reported at least 1 direct hit with a 1000 pound bomb on a warship Correspondent Richard OMalley told of 2 others The greatest force of Superfor tresses ever to take the air roared up from their Marianas bases to attack Osaka andNagoya Head quarters her iesaid t tf fre were more than 600 Tokyo placed their number above 700 Four thousand tons of some of them 2 tonners were dropped on 5 war plants in the NagoyaOsaka area in the attack first daylight strike of the B29s since June 26 The Superforts en no fighter opposition moderate antiaircraft Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy am However the communique also announced that Chinese forces pounding the outer defenses of Kweilin former great American airbase city and capital of Kwang si province had reached within 3 miles of Lingchvvan 15 miles northeast oE Kweilin and were bombarding the town continued warm Tuesday night and Wednesday Iowa Partly cloudy Continued warm Tuesday Tuesday night and Wednesday with scattered thunderstorms Tuesday Tues day night and Wednesday morn ing Temperature will average 6 to 8 degrees above normaj through Sunday with only minor fluctuations Minnesota Fair and not so warm Tuesday night and Wednesday FN MASON CITY GlobeGazette Weather Statistics Maximum Monday 89 Minimum Monday 68 At 8 a m Tuesday 76 YEAR AGO Refuses Offer of Love Treatments at Each Hollywood UR Mrs Sidnie Leonard pretty wife of a soldier overseas Tuesday accused Dr Wendell White 35 Glendale Cal physician and exsailor of offer ing her love treatments at each When Mrs Leonard turned him down Dr While slapped her called her dirty names and kicked her in the stomach she ever carried charged at his arraignment on camcd damaBC assault and battery charges countered and only fire Simultaneously with the carrier attack on Kure the 20th air force disclosed that the huge naval ar senal was 5G per cent destroyed or damaged in a Superforl daylight raid a month ago June 22 Re connaissance photos showed 2 400000 square feet ot roof space and more than 70 buildings dam aged Japanese broadcasts reported Mustang fighters Liberator bomb ers and other light aircraft from Jima and hammered widespread areas of southern Honshu in coordinated sorties Normally around 300 of these landbased planes h i t Japan daily Radio Tokyo admitted that some 2000 American planes were on the loose over Honshu It quoted a Kure naval station com munique which confirmed that vessels at anchor as well as air fields were the target The enemy communique said that about 30 B29s escorted by Mustangs and 150 carrier planes started the raids at 6 a m Other waves followed The Domei agency termed the 2000 plane assault the heaviest Iowa B29 Flyers Receive Awards Headquarters 58lh Bombard ment Wing Tinian Iowa B29 flyers of this wing re cently transferred to the Pacific have been decorated for partici pation in combat and operation a missions from bases in India anc China They included Staff Sgt Frank J Niemann Burlington and Cpl George W Allen Davenport both awarded the bronze star medal The doctor prescribed the treat ments she said after she told him her husband Sgt John E Leonard of Vincennes Jnd was serving in the Pacific Mrs Leonard told police she ships was light but admitted that important went to the doctors office for a physical checkup He looked her over briefly she said and told her The only thing wrong with you is you need a little loving He suggested that he start giv ing her treatments immediately she said Maximum Minimum Buy your War Bonds and 92 Stamps from your GlobeGazette 57 I carrier boy WAR AT A GLANCE By THE ASSOCIATED TRESS planes over Japan from sunup to sundown radio Tokyo reported One thousand were carrier planes which worked over Kure naval base more than 600 were Superforts bombing in dustrial installations inthe Osakanagoya area and the remainder were other bombers and fighters making sweeps over the home islands SEA submarines shelled Chichi Jima in the Bo nins reported radio Tokyo troops bombarded a village 18 miles northwcs of Kweilin and tore up a section of railroad nearby while other units establishments at Osaka were hit and fires started Lindsleys dispatch said that the enemy apparently goaded into action by the third fleets recent i taunts finally sent up planes to larass the attackers Returning carrier pilots reported hat 12 Japanese fighter planes sxvept out of the clouds and made passes at them One U S Hellcat wns lost in the swirling fight that lollowed At least one Nipponese Mlot was downed The attack on Kure where car rier airmen left 14 major Japa nese ships crippled March 19 was the third consecutive day of wide lyseparated fleet attacks Paramushiro in the Kuriles north of Japan was hit Sunday while destroyers for the first time attacked enemy shipping off the China coast south of Shanghai Sketches Tell of Them Bums The story of the Brooklyn Dods ers is one of many baseball high lights A r Ncwsfeatures artist Mun has gathered together the most colorful Brooklyn highlights from the south approached to within 8 miles of the former U S south in a 5part series which starts on China airbase hundred Japanese of an estimated 5000 killed try ing to break out of a British trap in southern Burma patrols probed toward Samarinda oil fields eastern Borneo the sports page Tuesday Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazelle carrier boy ;