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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 24, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME COM T OF HISTORY AKO ASCH HO IKES I A VES THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL Associated Press and United Press FuU Leued Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JULY 21 This Paper Consists Two One NO One Mans Opinion A Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO p KBMO HluihU P fVSUI Uvm CHr Thtnfer p m WO1 Amn Fridir p m KSCJ Bloom CUT rrtlsy KICD SpUMfc Friiar p m As theprcsidential Battle Takes Shape AFTER sitting In as a reporter1 on the 2 national party con ventions in Chicago I feel that I have some rather definite ideas about the shape of things to come in the presidential campaign ahead I hasten to explain how ever that anybody who listened rather attentively to the radio during the 2 conventions along with reading the newspapers would be in every bit as good position as I to make predictions My forecasts are going to be based on the endless oratory Ive beard on the platforms adopted by the Z parties and on personal conversations Ive had with both republican and democratic party leaders While I happen to be ol republican persuasion in this commentary I shall make every effort to be a disin terested reporter rather than partisan f I BEGIN by observing that in a number of vital areas there is a marked similarity between the positions taken by the rival par lies Both put winning an early victory and establishing a lastin peace above all else in their plat forms Both profess to regard tlv war as transcending party poll tics While the wording is different both republican and democrat pronouncements on the questio of a world peace organization ad up to the same result namely revived league of nations In eac there is a provision for the reten ion of our national sovereignt and a provision for the use o force to achieve and maintain lasting peace HERE let me dip into the 2 par platforms for the key wore addressed to this allimportan subject First from the republiea We favor responsible pariic paiion by the United Statesin postwar cooperative organization among sovereign nations to pre vent military aggression and to attain permanent peace ivith or ganized justice in a free world Such organization should de velop effective cooperating means to direct peace forces to prevent or repel military aggression Pend ing this we pledge continuing col laboration with the united nations to assure these ultimate objec tives And here are the pivotal words from the democratic platform on the same subject That the world may not again be drenched in blood by interna tional outlaws and criminals we pledge to join with the other unit ed nations in the establishment of ail international organization based on the principle of the sov ereign equality of all peaceloving states open to membership by all such states large and small for the prevention of aggression must be endowed with power to employ armed forces when necessary to prevent aggression and preserve peace THE setup envisioned by both parlies if we accept their plat form pronouncements at face val ue calls for an international court of justice in both the retention of American sovereignty is speci fically provided The republican plank goes a step further in this direction by n safeguarding pro vision thai we shall seek to achieve such aims meaning last ing peace through organized in ternational cooperation and nol by joining a world state In the background of the repub lican plank is the Mackinac dec laration of party leaders last sum mer In the background of the democratic pronouncement quite largely is the Connally resolu tion in which congress on a non partisan basis pledged America to cooperate with other nations for the maintenance of worlt peace Consistent with both republican and democratic planks is the statement made by Presiden Roosevelt on June 15 in which he outlined and reviewed the stati departments thinking on t h i world organization matter In tha statement Mr Roosevelt pointec out that Secretary Hull had been in constant consultation with spokesmen for both parties WHAT he didnt wha I believe to be tha Russia and Britain had made i 1 clear at Moscow and Tehran tha they too favored a revived leagu of nations rather than a worl state under which constituent na tions would surrender or eve delegate any sizable amount o sovereignty I ereignty While I personally would hav liked to see America go a bit fur ther in the direction creatin a strong world organization tha the proposal contained in eithe party declaration on the subjec I find large satisfaction in th pn Pace 2 RED JUGGERNAUT SWEEPS ON 1C 2 Top German Generals Dead From Bomb Injuries ONE SPEARHEAD DIE OF WOUNDS RECEIVED FROM RECENT BLAST Hitler Reported Fleeing Berlin as Revolts Spread Gestapo Purge Continues BULLETIN London UR The Faris radio eported Monday that Gen Ernst Von Stuelpuagel nazi occupation ommander in the Paris area had een wounded seriously by ter orists By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Two German generals one chief of the air force general staff have died of injuries from he Thursday bombblast aimed at life Berlin radio an nounced Monday Gestapo squads meanwhile were reported carrying forward a vast jlood purge to quell what Prime Minister Winston Churchill termed a revolution in Germany Berlin listed the dead officers as Col Gen Guenther Korlen chief of the German air force gen eral staff and MajGen Heinz Brandt first officer in the army eneral staffs operative section This brought to three the an nounced death toll of the explos ion The nazis already had an nounced the death of the fuehrers collaborator and double whose name first was given as Berger but was reported Monday as Heiri rich Bergner Another Berlin broadcast de clared the Hitler salute had place of the army salute in the German armecl forces apparently as to assure loyalty of the Iroops to Hitler and nazidom On the German frontier the As sociated Press learned from re liable but secret channels that the Himmler purge has barely touched the real leaders and organizers of resistance to Hitler even though the nazis apparently had won their first major battle with well organized internal opposition Superficially Germany was quiet with SS and naziofficered units in apparently uncontested control but the leadership the internal opposition to the nazis except for a very few gaps created by the blood purge has remained intact the frontier account said London UR European dis atches said Monday that Adolf itler fearing new assassination tempts had fled to the Rhine nd while nazi authorities amped a p m a m urfew on uneasy Berlin From radio Algiers came a re ort that the military revolt had pread to France with regular rmy units clashing with Hitlerite S guards in at least 4 cities jOrdeaux Limoges Nantes and Allies Nazis Prepare New Normandy Battle EVEN IN DEATH MAJOR STAYS WITHFIGHTING in Old Glory the body of an officer identified only as Major Aowie rests amid the ruins of St Croix church in St Lo where he was killed in action leading his battalion into the German strongpoint in Normandy Some of his men itian a machine gun in a bomb crater in fore ground Photo by Harry Harris Associated Press photographer with the wartime still pic ture pool AP Wirephoto Kayenay engraving Nimes No details were available Rigid censorship cloaked the progress of Gestapo Chief Hem rich Himmlers bloody purge of antiHitler elements inside the reich and particularly in the Ger Winston Churchill Optimistic Eriine Minister Churchill told allied troops in Normandy They the nazts are in a state of great tur moil in Germany and none can measure the extent They are shooting each other It might be that the fighting might come to an end earlier than we have a right to say Newspapers were permitted to disclose Monday Churchills ap praisal of last weeks events in side Germany and the fact that the prime minister had spent 3 days inspecting allied positions in France man army but reports reaching neutral countries indicated it was attaining even greater fury Nearly 6000 persons already have been arrested and many o them executed it was said 10000 possible suspects have gone into hiding Hitlers flight to the Rhincland was reported in a Stockholm dis patch to the London Daily Mail which said he had gone into se elusion on a large estate theo with a few trusted advisers He had abandoned in turn hi mountaintop retreat at Berch tesgaden and 2 military head quarters the Mail said and wa suffering from mental strain Yanks Rush Conquest of Strategic Marianas With Sfew Invasion of Tinian U S Pacific Fleet Headqnar ers Pearl Harbor day old invasion of Tinian island moving smoothly front firm beachheads rushed American conquest the strategic Mari anas Monday while other Yank orces isolated key objectives on juam 130 miles southward Adm Chester W Nimilz com munique Sunday night said laud ings begun at dawn Sunday by assault units of the 2nd and 4th marines were beins continued against light opposition oil Tin ian 3 Diiles south of conquered Saipan The invasion was made under protection of carrier and landbased planes warship euns and landbased artillery American forces on Guam siil Jered 1D58 casualties in 3 days fighting They have isolated the islands best airdrome and finest harbor in closing their grip on Port Apro The swiftly moving Pacific spread to Philippine waters with Gen Douglas MacArthurs an nouncement that his bombers sank a 100foot Japanese vesse Saturday 70 miles off Mindanao He disclosed that this area hac been under patrol for some time and made the first mention of thi hilippines in a communique ince Corregidors fall May 6 942 The Tinian assault the 3rd in vasion in the Marianas was aunched 4 days after the Guam andings The Tinian invaders vere aided by planes based on sley field on Saipan only 4 miles from the northern tip of Tinian Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force concentrations of allied and Ger man manpower and firepower maneuvering for position in im proving weather prepared Mon day for a major battle on the Normandy front after the British had registered small gains and the Americans received a minor set back The salient which Lt Gen Omar N Bradleys forces drove across the little Seves river to ward the German stronghold of Periers last Saturday was shoved back to the north bank by a Ger man counterattack Sunday and the village of Seves was lost Su preme headquarters announced that American defensive positions were intact Before the German counterat tack the Americans had pushed to within 2 miles of Periers South and slightly west Caen British troops in sharp local en gagements took important ground west of the newlyretrieved town of Maltot and captured u woods 500 yards south of Etavaux After 2 days of steady down pours the clouds lifted the allied medium and light bombers swarmed over the battle zone hammering closeup communica tions dumping 265 tons of bombs oil 6 railway stations between the front and Paris over which enemy reinforcements have been shut tled and striking at other targets Canadian front dispatches sale the Germans apparently had abandoned attempts to dent the allied line east of the Orhe river at St 2 days of at tacks which cost the enemy at least 30 tanks Meanwhile enemy casual ties have mounted to at least 111 643 since Dday British and American staff officers estimated The British accounted for 53000 including 10409 prisoners The Americans captured 50549 pris oners and buried 8094 enemy Orne river south of Caen with the mopup of Moltot which has changed hands many times in bit ter fighting and Etavaux across the river to the east It was believed that 100 Ger mans may have been captured in the final cleanup drive on the west bank Shaef declared no Germans remained on either side of the river north of Moltot and Etavau Souttiwest of Esquay the Brit ish threw back 3 counterattacks but north of Avrccy they retirci from hill 113 They still con trolled the more important liil 112 however The front still was fluid in the OclonOrno wedge The latest line announced from headquarters runs almost due east from Esciuay The Americans crossed the Seves river at St Germain a vil lage 3 miles northeast of Periers and fought forward about a mile through hardfighting German forces who held welldugin po sitions St Lo biggest prize to fall to Americans recently still was un der heavy German mortar and artillery fire from hills south and was of little use to the doughboys ONLY 50 MILES FROM WARSAW Nazis Acknowledge New Threat to Polish Capital Abandon 2 More Cities BULLETIN London German radio acknowledged Monday that Rus sian troops had plunged within 50 miles of Warsaw with nazi troops abandoning Sicdlce and Jaraslaw By ROBERT MUSEL London Rus sian troops sweeping forward in a sensational 30mile advance in 24 hours broke into the streets the Polish city Lublin 93 miles southeast of Warsaw Sunday while other soviet forces captured the ancient fortress of Pskov the giiteviiy to Estonia and cleared all but a 10mile sliver of prewar Russian territory of the enemy In some of the greatest advances Buy your War Bonds a Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy dead American losses were much less Weather Report FORECAST JMason City Fair and not so warm I Monday afternoon Tuesday partly cloudy Warmer in the afternoon Highest temperature between 30 and 95 Iowa Fair Monday and Monday night Tuesday partly cloudy slightly cooler Monday and warmer Tuesday IN MASON CITY Maximum Sunday 92 Minimum Sunday f9 At 8 a m Monday 65 it was declared and even if it settled down to a war attrition there could be only one end to it the officer was quoted in field dispatches as saying German killed and wounded equalled the American total it was said while the Americans FIRE DESTROYS OKOBO Jl BOftTS OkoUoji Mondaj were checking the damage causec by a fire which cnrly Sunday de stroyed 9 shedsat the Okoboj boat works and 7 or more boats owner C F Gipner said the loss probably would be more than 550000 He said he had not been able to determine whether more than 7 boats were burned hut that 2 cabin cruisers were known to have been destroyed and loss of those alone would amount to 320000 Hundreds of spectators from nearby towns and amusement parks in the area witnessed the rapidly burning fire which broke out about midnight Saturday had taken 10 times more prisoners than the Germans The capture of Emievillc was the most significant of the gains reported in the renewed fighting While this chips into the screen of 75s and 88s with which the Germans stopped the British arm ored thrust toward Vimont the defenses are both mobile and in depth It was not clear from olticial announcement whether the tom mies had been able to clcor the way for a renewed attack along the highway British and Canadians tightened their hold on both sides ot the Condition Critical Pillsburer Kans re port on a highway accident says a woman received minor scalp lacerations compound fractures oC her dignity and a pronounced case oE big and little jitters ever seen in 3 years of war iti the cast the red armyraced toward Warsaw toward German Silesia and toward the Latvian capital of Riga pursuing the retreating and demoralized Germans in practical ly every sector The Germans were holding out only in their longbuilt and pow erful fortresses But at Brest Litovsk Russian troops smashed to within SHi miles northeast by capturing Cherne and at to the south soviet troops inched into the outskirts of the fortress and continued their encirclement maneuvers Between Lwow and Broady the red army completed its 4lh gi antic annihilation of a trapped Jerman force since it opened its summer offensive one month and one day ago More than 30000 Germans were killed and more than J5000 taken prisoner Mos cow announced Sunday night The 22nd German ccncral seized since the opening of the On to Berlin assault was captured Sun day He was Gen Lindemacli Another nazi commander Muj Gen Boikcr was killed durinf the encirclement Troops of Marshal Konstantin K Rokossovskys first White Rus sian army smashed into the streets ol Lublin in a 30mile advance southwest irom Wercszyn At the same time Marshal Ivan S Konevs first Ukrainian army that has driven 70 miles inside undisputed Polish territory since it forced the Bug Memorial Service to Be on Tuesday for Dr C E Dakin Physician Was Lifelong Resident of City and Founder of Hospital SEE STORT ON PAGE 11 FIRST TO GIVE THEIR persons from many North Iowa communities and Mason City gathered Monday noon at the YMCA to be among the first to do nate their blood The group included parents vfho have sons and daughters in service a youth who is leaving Tuesday for the army a fire chief a minister businessmen and women and housewives Seated in the chair at the right of the picture is Faith Darland who has donated blood five times previously Standing near Miss Darland is Lt R V Fait USNR who is in charge of the mobile unit from St Paul Mrs F E Wade local registered nurse assisting the8 unit nurses is stand ing to the eft of the doctor Standing to the left of Miss Darland is Mrs Irene Austin one of the Mason City Red Cross nurses aides who is also assisting in the donation of blood Other donors waiting to give a pint of blood and pic tured above include Mrs H J Fullerton Rockford George Smith Mr and Mrs Andrew Hampes Britt Vir ginia Buchanan Marie A Taiber the Rev and Mrs Wil bur F Dierking Fire Chief James Kelly Martin Faktor Arnold E Hanson Nate Levinson Florence Troutner Britt F W Osmundson Dr Helene Groff and Imogene Emberling all of Mason City Lock photo BOTTLE NEARLY F V L Rockwell and Clear Lake re ported additional registrations to raise the total number to 2105 for Ccrro Gordo county Monday as blood donor project gol under way at the Mason City Y M C A The registration figures show 17ZZ for Mason City the full quota Z6G for Clear Lake and 117 for Rockwell Total quota for the 10 days the mobile unit from St Paul will be in county is 2500 Registrations were reminded that they must avoid eating fatty foods butter milk eggs meat gravy cream and mayo naise for 4 hours before the time of their appointments at the blood center A memorial service for Dr Channing Ellery Dakin lifetime resident ot Mason City who died at a local hospital at p m Sunday following an illness will be held at the Patterson funeral home at II a m Tuesday Dr Dakin was born in Mason CityJuly B 187G at the Dakin residence Pennsylvania and First S E the son of Dr and Mrs James B Dakin pioneer residents of the city After attending high school in Mason City Dr Dakin was grad uated from the University of Iowa in 1806 lie also attended the Uni versity of California at Berkeley and received his medical degree in Chicago His internship was Cook county hospital in Chicago He came to Mason City to begin his practice in medicine On May 6 1903 Dr Dakin was married to Norra Allin at lowu City They made their home in Mason City from that time on He had been practicing medi cine in Mason City since 1902 and was one of the founders of St Jo sephs Mercy hospital and was for many years president of the staff He also was the supremephysician for the MBA when that organiza tion was in Mason City and was one of the founders and first vice president the Medical Life In surance company of Waterloo A fellow of the American Col lege of Surgeons Dr Dakin also had been president of Cedar Val ley Medical Society and the Ccrro Gordo County Medical Society and was recently chairman of the I welfare committee of thie society C1IANNIXG E DARIN He was also a director of the Chamber of Commerce and was me of the charter members of 3ela Mu chapter of Sigma Nu fraternity ot Iowa City Recently he was chief the ncclical emergency service and hainnan of the medical advisory council to the Cerro Gordo county civilian defense board He had also spent considerable time 011 problems of socialized medicine Surviving are his wife and 4 children Channing E Dakin Jr with the U S navy in the Atlan tic Katherine Dakin Kohler Charleston S Car Shirley Dakin New York City and Allin Dakin Claremont Cal one grandchild Robert Kohler sister Mrs Hardy Pool and 2 cousins Mrs Harry Page and Miss Doris Markley Mason City The Patterson funeral home in charge ;