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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 23, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME OF HI8TOHY ARCHIVE DCS MOIItCS I THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOYVANS NEIGHBORS FnU Leued Five a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JULY 23 1945 One Mans Opinion Badlo Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KG1O Mason City Sunday 5 p ra WOI Ames Tuesday p m W8U1 City Wednesday p W WTAD Quincr HI FrUiy p m KSCJ Sloui Citr Saturday p m Some Thoughts on Universal Training I CANT think a subject be fore the American public to day on which there is a greater divergence and diversity of opin ion than that of universal mili tary training for our youth after the war Some hold it to be an absolute military necessity others hold it to be morally wrong or militarily worthless And in be tween these 2 extremes one finds a mulUxJde of views Obviously then it Is a debatable question And as Ive pointed out many times in the past I know nothing better to do with a de batable question than debate it Thats what Im going to do in Ihis commentary I plan to touch on some of the varied approaches to the question and then follow up with my own I ask nobody to accept A friend of mine the other day in commenting on my broadcasts made this observation I like the name youve given your commen taries One Mans Opinion A striking fact is that even after youve uttered your views over the air they still remain one mans opinion I should explain in honesty that this friend smiled when he said this It was all in fun He was ribbing me But I wouldnt be at all unhappy if what he said was true I have no wish to make up other peoples minds or shape their thinking The most I hope for is that on occasion what 1 present in my commentary will cause somebody to do a bit of serious thinking Thats my hope today as we come to this highly debatable question of universal training FIRST well turn our attention to the contention that mill tary training per se morally ftiat pramise Im saying that the only people who consistently can ob ject to military training on moral grounds are those who are con scientiously opposed to the insti tution of war including those who have opposed the war in which we are now engaged If its conceded that the pres ent war is a righteous war its logical to assume that there may say may righteous wars in the fuure And if theres to be another war not many would oppose having their coun try prepare for H in the most ef fective way possible That seems to me to be just common ordinary logic If we ac cept it as such were the better prepared to discuss the military training question on its merits stripped of the morality red her ring UT BEFORE doing that lets FLEET STEALS INTO TOKYO BAY 8th AAF to Strike Within 8 Days 8 days Newly Doolitlle Guam Gen James H Doolittle who led the first bomb ing raid on Tokyo promised Mon day that his 8th army air force would be attacking Japan within arrived in the Pacific said his airmen who helped flatten Germany would be taking off from Okinawa by Aug 1 in Superforts to join Marianas based B29s and other air forces in softening up Nippon Asked if he expected to knock out the Japanese by bombing alone Doolittle said there al ways is the possibility of Japan folding but we make no claims that we will do so Doolittle veteran of the first bombing of B25s from the carrier Hornet on April IB the 8th air force would be comprised of Superforls and whatever PA47s are neces ary to protect them against Jap anese resistance He said the first targets would be on Japan proper It is possible however he added that targets in China Man churia and even Mongolia may be attacked by his Superforts if necessary Doolittle disclosed that about half of his 8th airforce veterans of the European theater had been deployed Some remained in Eu rope and others went to the United States for training pre paratory to coming to the Pacific Asked when the 8th would reach its maximum strength in the Pacific he said that was con tingent upon acquisition of air fields establishment of logistical support and establishment of com munications He termed Okinawa an excel lent site for a powerful airbase with ifs abundant coral and good soil for airfields He has already visited the area and supervised the establishment of his head quarters In a conference with the press after meeting Lt Gen Barney Giles deputy commander of U S strategic air forces Doolittle said the 8th air force would act as a complement to the 20th air force in its operations against Japan Asked if he was planning to re turn with his bombers over Japan he said he had pleaded with Gen Carl A Spaatz commander of the strategic air forces to permit him to fly over Germany but because of his knowledge of future plans his request was flatly rejected 9 Talk BULLETIN Potsdam close to President Truman said Monday night he andPremier Stalin haja established a most cordial rela tionship productive of unexpected Russian concessions Potsdam broadcast U S surrender ultimatum to Japan was viewed by many competent ob servers here Monday as a thinly veiled warning to the enemy that soviet least to some the Pacific war is imminent It was known here that the Sat urday night shortwave broadcast from Washington was authorized by President Truman and was cleared in Potsdam at the little white house Significance was at tached to the warning to Japanese leaders that they would not be able to deal with the United States alone unless they surrendered promptly President Trumans position now was squarely before the Pacific enemy as the big 3 conference en tered its 2nd week Victory over Japan is the presidents prime ob jective in this conference Janan has been told that she must suffer the responsibility for any further hostilities when the time comes for postwar settlements Meanwhile as the president met daily with Prime Mi nister Churchill and Premier Stalin un official reports emanating from area vtf eared the mopping up stage Monday as Australian troops aft r landing at Tempadoeng 14 lies northeast of Balikpapan ushed beyond Berangoe village Gen Douglas MacArthurs com iUnique announced the 7th Aus ralian division made the 6 mile fiorc to shore operation late Fri ay night and early Saturday morning against no opposition Tempadoeng is located in the nner waters of vast Balikpapan larbor which already is being lartly used by the allies On the vestern side ot Borneo Gen spokesman said there las been only minor contact with he enemy in the Brunei bay area fights have de B dispose of another side issue which isnt pertinent to the dis cussion Along with those who contend that universal drill is morally ndefensible are those hold that thosewho oppose military training are unpatriotic There just isnt any fair basis for such a view Thousands of Americans with an unimpeachable patriotism are the conference area ind ated that satisfactory progress was being made toward settlement of many issues such as the feeding Ger many reparations boundaries and other problems The big X held a Sunday ses sion their 6th meeting since the opening of the conference and it was devoted to work on problems of peace the American delegation announced Whether the conference coul be concluded this week was any bodys guess The president is anx ious to return to the United States promptly to report to congress am Churchill is anxious to be in Lon don by Thursday for a report on the national British elections In London it was expected tha Churchill leader of the conserva tive party and Clement Alice la bor party leader would return Wednesday night from Potsdam It was believed that should the Churchill government get a work ing majority the prime minister now head of Britains caretake government would return to Pots dam quickly Should his party b defeated an interruption in th work of the conference wouli seem PresidentTruman attended botl general Protestant and Catholi church services Sunday Mr Truman Churchill an members of their delegations wer guests of Premier Stalin Saturda night at a formal state dinner openly opposed to universal train ing One of them is Josephus Daniels secretary of the navy during the first World war He believes with al his heart that such a course is neither necessary nor desirable No American has a better record of service to coun try than this venerable Carolina publisher Mr Daniels takes what seems to me to be a somewhat untenable position in his opposition to com pulsory training While contend ing that adoption of this program would be a slap in the foce for all the nations seeking the way to lasting peace at San Francisco he at the same time argues for a navy of invincible proportions ANOTHER argument of like speciousness was presented at the hearings of the congressional committee investigating military training by a middle western pas tor He contended that Russia would take grave offense if Amer ica made any such warlike ges ture But he conveniently forgot that universal military training has been in effect in Russia since 1918 it is now and there is no indication that its to bo aban doned in the foreseeable future Gen Dwight D Eisenhower It seems to me took a very much more logical view of this question in his observation that in a world where peace must be enforced an America which is militarily strong will be ever so much more able o cooperate with other nations thmn would m militarily weak America This brings us right down to the main question Is or isnt com ConUnucd on Pace 2 iut strong fire reloped inland Gen George C Kenneys 13th airforce Liberators on Friday completely levelled the town of on Tomini gulf in the northern Celebes A large concentration of Japa nese in Tobili were reported viped out by the raid in which over 2tt Liberators dropped scores of 100pounders Tobili is the Tomini gull ter minal for the Japanese supply route across the narrow waist separating the northern section ol the island from its southern sec ion MacArthurs Stop Recruiting Mexico City Mexica labor ministry says the Unite States war food administrate has suspended recruiting of Mexi can day laborers frV work in th United States Lower Point Values Seen for Meats Washington slight but fairly general reduction in ra tion point values for beef lamb and mutton will be ordered this week for the August ration period starting July 2B This was learned Monday al though OPA withheld any official announcement beyond acknowl edging that point reduction would appear logical if meat supplies are showingimprovement Pork points will not be reduced because hog marketing has been slow The reductions will amount to only one or 2 points a pound of beef it was learned and will cov er steaks roasts and other pre ferred cuts as well as the less pop ular ones For lamb and mutton T lowering of point values will ate Monday toratify the united be about the same perhaps charter by a votethat will be heard around the world parts of Opening debate on the 50na tions agreement signed June 26 at San Francisco the chairman of the foreign relations committee won applause from spectators banked GERMAN WOMEN CHEER women on Kurfuersten Damm in Berlin clap their hands for Prime Minister Churchill as he leaves the Winston club for British troops which he opened formally Sunday AP wirephoto K A engr Hint RussJap Action Soon Threat Seen in Ultimatum as Big 3 AUSSIESMOPUP AFTER LANDING Australian Division Without Opposition World Charter Goes Before Eager Senate Washington Con nally DTex called on the sen spokesman said 1629 dead Japanese were counted ast week in the Philippines with he vast majority on Luzon He said the 6th infantry division captured Banaue in northern Lu zon after the 8mile advance and that Philippine army units had taken Polls Pass Only 12 Ameri cans were killed in the Philip pines last week with 2 others missing and 48 wounded MacArthurs spokesman also announced that counted Japa nese dead on all the Borneo fronts had reached 4378 with 441 pris oners There were 287 allied soldiers killed 12 missing and 1351 wounded in the galleries when he urged the senate to show the same courage toward the obligations of peace as we have in war Despite what he termed ample evidence that the senate will rat ify the charter overwhelmingly Connally said many representa tives of other nations still are doubtful of the outcome For the advocates the debate will be largely a series ot state ments by senators who want to be certain that history will record their support of the most ambiti ous undertaking of its kind Sen ators Connally D Vanden berg R Barkley and others will be rcadj however to defend the charter provisions at every point Senator Rerercomb R tv Va has said he wants leaders to snell out just how much authority will he lodged in the American representative on the proposed world security council to vote for use of this countrys armed forces without first consulting congress Barkiey plans to answer that one There will be other ques ions ot a kindred nature about the organization which sets up not only the force employing council 3Ut provides for a general assem r of nations an economic and social council a trusteeship sys tem and an international court of justice The chamber cleared the last barrier to Mondays opening de bate on the charter by shouting approval Saturday of this coun trys membership in the united nations food organization The resolution commits the United Stales to a first year contribution of 5625000 and up to a year thereafter the country tell of increasing meat supplies in civilian distribu tion channels and prospects of fur ther increases in tie weeks ahead In some areas consumers are saic to be complaining of a shortage ol red points in relation to the meai available Three factors are reflected ir the improved meat supply 1 A slightly larger level o livestock marketings and slaugh tering than had been anticipated by rationing officials 2 A reduction in military pur chases due to the redcploymen program and a gradual release o some prisoners of war 3 Better distribution of civil ian supplies between surplus and deficit meat producing areas A new slaughter control pro gram inaugurated several week ago is having the effect of vhan Name Iowa Ciljan T e s flloines h e Iowa board of accountancy elected Sid ney G Winter Iowa City chair man at a meeting here Saturday Certificates naming them as cer tified public accountants were granted John E Nagel Iowa City V Palmer Sioux and Charles Ciy neling a animals larger portion of mea to federallyinspecta slaughterers It is upon sue slaughters that deficit meatpro ducing areas such as the east th south and far west must depeni largely tor supplies The control program is cuttin down on the volume of slaughte by small local plants some o which food officials have stated supplied black markets Insofar a black market supplies have bee reduced the total volume mea available for legitimate market has increased Two Laborers Killed Blairslown Mexican laborers Alfonson Fernandey Lara and Carmen Garcia Ramon were killed struck by an eastbound North Western freight train Coroner John Bur rows said The men had stepped off the tracks while a westbound freight passed Burrows said and then apparently stepped back into the path of the eastbound train A 3rd man Jose Mario Casanova suffered a fractured arm Jap Cookie Clark Field Luzon JP Th Latins are taking up an America custom Flyers of the Mexican exped tionary air force painted the fo lowing inscription on a 500poun bomb destined for a Japanese po sition on Formosa Un pastelite Tokyo a cookie for Tokyo In short Pacific Boxscore Guam is the boxscore of Admiral William F Halseys veeps against Japan PLANES Destroyed Damaged Downed Ground Ground Air okyo July 10109 231 2 okkaidoHonshu July Hla 36 45 i okyo area July 17 17 5 okyo area July 18 43 67 Total 205 348 3 SHIPS Sunk Damaged okyo July 10 3 i lokkaidoHonshu July 1415140 234 okyo area July 17 3 10 okyo area July 18 12 9 outh Tokyo July 23 2 2 Total 100 256 Total 342 82 22 55G Total 4 374 13 21 4 416 MARSHAL HENRI PETAIN GOES ON TRIAL radiophoto from Paris shows a regular police van such as is used to take burglars and murderers to court as it brings Marshal Henri Petain former head of the Vichy regime of France to the palais de justice to stand trial Petain Faces Death Penalty in French Trial on Charges of Plotting Against Nation Paris broke Monday in a courtroom where Marshal Petain was making a plea ing suspended and police started WAR AT A GLANCE By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS least 791 Japanese vessels ranging from fishing smacks to a 32000 ton 596 airplanes were destroyed or damaged m the past fortnight by allied fleet and air units A task force bombarded the Bonin islands Superforts bombed a synthetic oil plant on Honshu forces captured Liangtend 15 miles south of the former U S air base of Kweilin Japanese troops made a 45mile breakthrough along Chinas invasion coast opposite Formosa Japanese surrendered 3629 dead were count ed during the past wenk making total casualties 432764 landed at headxvaters of Balikpapan bay moved inland without opposition fighting in area 32 miles south of Toungoo Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Mon day night and Tuesday wit brief scattered thundershowers Continued warm Iowa Partly cloudy and continued warm Monday Monday night and Tuesday scattered thunder showers west portion Monday night Minnesota Partly cloudy Mondaj night and Tuesday Scattered thundershowers in south and east portions Monday night and in southeast portion Tuesday forenoon Not so warm in north and west portions Tuesday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Sunday 96 Minimum Sunday 68 At 8 a m Monday 75 YEAR AGO Maximum i Minimum 84 65 before a special court trying him for his life French police cleared the court and made arrests among the spectators The old marshal proudly wear ing the medals France had given him made what he said would be his lone statement of defense o capital charges of intelligence with the enemy and plotting against the security of France both before and after he became chief of slate of the Vichy regime While Gen DeGaulle continued the struggle abroad I prepared the road to liberation he argued The courtroom disturbance re sulted from an altercation be tween Prosecutor Andre Mornet and defense attorneys There are too many Germans in this room Mornet shouted Catcalls protests and cries of justice rang from all sides of the crowded room especially from the benches where lawyers were seated Jacques Isorny defense counsel demanded a formal apology and Mornet retorted I said there are too many peo ple here serving the German cause I didnt say there were Ger mans but I consider them as the thing Again the courtroom erupted with shouts and spectators rose The court then ordered the hear making arrests The public which had attended the opening of the trial on invi tations of the ministry of justice s ordered to clear the gallery US NAVY HITS 4 SHIP CONVOY IN OUTER BAY Carrier Planes Blow Top Off One of Japs Last 2 Battleships Guam JFi Americas mighty Pacific fleet thrust boldly inside the mouth of Tokyos outer bay Monday o wreck a 4ship convoy and Adm Nimitz said carrier planes sweeping over the same waters Wednesday blew the top oft one of Japans last 2 sea worthy battleships In all the carrier pilots sank or damaged 21 enemy vessels It was the 14th consecutive day the fleet prowled unopposed off historic days in which the fleet and farranging land based air power of Adm JJimltz and Gen MacArthur had sunk or damaged 791 vessels and small craft and destroyed or damaged 596 airplanes Significant of the total lack of opposition the fleet Monday was operating m at least 2 widely separated units While one light force ventured farther into Tokyos outer bay than ever be fore in this war another light force ot warships bombarded Chichi Jima 550 miles southeast Seventyfive to 100 Supcrforts added to the clouds of flying debris Monday with a 450ton de molition strike on the Ube syn thetic oil refinery on southwest ern Honshu Crewmen observed excellent results and all planes returned Movements of the combined fleets heavy units remained hid den by radio silence There was no indication that typhoons which stalled MacAvthurs aerial thrusts from Okinawa for the 2nd con secutive day had shifted into the zone of Tokvo radio warned that new fleet at tacks are expected momentarily Tiie enemy radio Monday placed the China coast high on Ameri cas invasion plans while in Washington MaJ Gen Allen Turn age director of marine corps per sonnel acknowledged frankly that the greatest of all amphibious operations now are in the nuk ing Marines lie said are ready to go ashore wherever and whenever strategy directs U S carrier planes over Tokyo bay July IB Sank one destroyer one cablelayer three small cargo vessels seven motor torpedo boats damaged heavily the superstruc ture of Japans 32720 ton battle ship Nagato moored at Yokosuka blew the stern off an antiaircraft destroyer damaged an old de stroyer four luggers and two small craft destroyed six locomo tives four hangars an ammuni iion dump an oil tank a power plant transformer damaged many other railway military and in dustrial targets destroyed or dam aged 72 enemy planes Twelve American planes and 22 men were lost British carrier planes in the same action Damaged 24 junks damaged hangars and other air field installations north of Tokyo damaged rail facilities and rolling stock at Katori destroyed or dam aged 38 enemy planes Two Brit ish planes were lost but the per sonnel were rescued In all British and American pilots ravaged a 90mile stretch of the Tokyo plains area U S battleships off Hitachi July 17 Damaged a vital copper refinery inflicted severe dam age on the Hitachi engineering waving invitation cards under noses of the gendarmes while newspapermen witnesses and court attendants climbed on chairs and tables to watch the scuffling Lawyers ordered ejected battled with police to reenter the court room contending they were im mune to arrest under French law When the disturbances started Petain himself was hustled from the courtroom by guards His chair and table were overturned works and Hitachi arms factory Third fleet destroyer force west of Nojima entrance to Tokyos outer bay Monday Sank a med ium and a small cargo ship prob ably sank another medium cargo vessel damaged an escort vessel Other light third fleet units to day Bombarded Omura town on Chichi Jima 500 miles south of Tokyo Troop Carrying Ships Diverted to Pacific Paris ships which Just before the incident started have been busy this month carry had called upon those con ing thousands of soldiers back to he demning him to ask themselves whether they did as much for France Andre nlornet the prosecutor has announced that he will ask the death penally for the 89 year old marshal The start of Petains personal authoritarian rule over France on July 10 1940 Mornet charged was the final realization of a long prepared plot against the re publican regime in France Pc tains role in this plot in the pre war period he said appears to have been that of a figurehead the United States will be diverted in August to the task of taking troops direct to the Pacific Redeployment via the United Stales will be cut 40 per cent the communications zone headquar ters U S army said Sunday It will be stepped up again in Sep tember however with the 50000 ton German liner Europa now be ing reconditioned by German sea hands scheduled to sail about Sept 1 with 5000 Yanks Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy ;