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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 22, 1948, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LIV Associated Press and United Presi Full Letse Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JULY 22 1948 This Paper Consists of Two One uiiiir No 245 ADA Accuses Wallace Party Calls Group Soviet Policy Instrument Philadelphia UR Some of Henry Wallaces former political associates accused his new party Thursday of being an instrument of soviet policy They challenged it to declare its independence of communism The charge and challenge was voiced by the new deal Americans for Democratic Action is composed in large part of one time Roosevelt administration col leagues of Wallace who no longer see eye to eye with him politically Open Convention The Wallace party opens its first and founding national con vention here Friday night It will christen itself nominate Wallace and Son Glen Taylor for presi dent and vice president and adopt a platform calling for public own ership of key industries peace with Russia federal price controls and rationing of scarce goods The ADA views were offered to the new partys platform commit tee headed by former new deal brain truster Rexford Guy Tug i well a day after Wallace heatedly protested the indictment in New York of 12 top American com munists Accuse Reds The government accused the communists of advocating violent overthrow of the American gov ernment a charge they deny Wal lace asserted in a statement re leased here that the indictment foreshadowed attacks on other minority groups He said it was timed to silence opposition to new turns in the bi party gettough foreign policy Its purpose Wallace said is to divert Americans who are com plaining about mounting inflation the stupid bungling in Berlin and other problems The ADA headed by former new deal price administrator Leon Henderson called on the Wallace party to endorse the European re covery plan which Soviet Russia is fighting Devvey Will Make Foreign Policy Issue Pawling Y UR Gov Thomas E Dewey has decided to make the nations foreign policy major issue in his campaign for the presidency it was learned eliably Thursday The republican presidential candidate is keeping in close ouch with developments abroad through John Foster Dulles his adviser on international affairs And he is constantly seeking the views of republican leaders Harold E Stassen who fought Deweys nomination discussed he grave Berlin situation with lim at Quaker Hill Wednesday They agreed that the problem must be handled with great care and skill Dewey said he and Stassen talk ed about what action America should take but details were open to further discussion Stassen agreed with the New York governors views He said he entire Berlin problem was the result of agreements made by President Truman at Potsdam Steps Finn Premier Out of Government Helsinki Finland Mauno Pekkala resigned Thurs day night President Juho Paasikivi askec the government to remain in office until a new one is formed He is expected to ask a socia democrat probably former speak er of parliament K A Fagerholm to a new cabinet Pekkala be longs to the social union party The reason for the resignation was not immediately given In the recent parliamentary elections the Finnish communists lost con siderable of their places The ney parliament begins a session Fri day GOP Leaders to Talk Over Farm Problems Washington republican congressional leaders on agricul ture made plans Thursday to at tend a conference on farm prob lems with Gov Thomas E Dewey at his home near Pawling N Y Saturday Chairman Hope RKans of the house agriculture committee and Senator Aiken a top ranking member of the senate committee expect to be there Of fice staffs of the 2 men said they would go along with about 100 other farm leaders and editors from all parts of the nation Truman Says Peace Chances Excellent Reds Arrest 2 Americans in Berlin 1 U S Civilian Disappears From Zone Probe Made Maries Efforts to Form Government Meet Obstacle Lewis Wants Suit Dropped Says Closed Shop Demand Not Illegal Washington L Lewis said Thursday there is nothing il legal in the United Mine Workers demand for a union shop in the captive coal mines He said that even though the 40000 workers in these mines had not actually voted on the subject their recent oneweek strike was tacitly an approval of the unions request Lewis asked the national labor relations board to dismiss an un fair labor practice charge filed against his union by the 10 steel companies who own the captive mines His request was contained in a formal motion filed with Trial Examiner William Ringer just before the start of public hearings on the charge Sidney Barban representing the boards general counsel Robert N Denham opposed the motion In levelling their unfair prac tice charge the steel companies said that under the TaftHartley act Lewis had no right to demand a union shop because 51 per cent of the employes had not approved this action in an election super vised by the board AP Wirephoto DEWEY STASSEN E Stassen unsuccessful candidate for the republican nomination and Gov Thomas E Dewey G 0 P standard bearer talk at Deweys home in Pauling N Y Wednesday Dewey said they talked at great length on the Berlin question Another Communist Member Surrenders to Authorities Carolina Polio Toll to 830 Cases Raleigh N Car UR The swelling toll in the North Carolina infantile paralysis epidemic shot to 830 cases for the year with 47 new victims reported to the state health department Thursday A total of new cases for the day tied Wednesdays as 2nd heaviest of the year in the nations most acute outbreak The total for July jumped to 413 and one case from June made last months total 290 Twentyeight counties reported new cases for one of the most widespread listings this year New York ber of the 12man governing body of the American communist party indicted by a federal grand jury promised to surrender Thursday and the FBI pressed a search for 3 others Irving Potash manager of the Furriers Joint Council CIO and only union official whois a mem ber of the alleged politburo of American communists said he I would appear in federal court Thursday for arraignment He has been on vacation in New England Seek Thompson Federal agents still sought Rob ert Thompson chairman of the New York state communist party Gilbert Green of the Chicago dis trict and Gus Hall chairman of the communist party in Ohio The 12man national board was indicted under the Smith Act and charged with advocating the over throw of the government by force and violence G Arrested Six of the defendants were ar rested and arraigned here Tues day They included William Z Foster party chairman Eugene Dennis general secretary of thb party New York City Councilman Benjamin Davis John Williamson Henry Winston and Jack Stachel Another defendant Carl Wint er chairman of the communist party in Michigan was taken into custody in Detroit and Wednes day John Gates editor of the Daily Worker surrendered in fed eral court here Firms Raise Prices Companies Follow 9 Per Cent Pattern Pittsburgh mill wages and steel prices are rising all along the line Thursday Basic steel producers are get ting into line behind the U S Steel Corporations higher wage and price pattern Already announced price in creases will raise the nations steel bill Some of the countrys biggest producers hiked their prices Wed nesday after U S Steel coupled its 9 per cent wage increase with an 114 per cent price boost Bethlehem Steel Corp the 2nd largest producer Republic Steel Corp the 3rd Armco Steel Corp the 5th and Great Lakes Steel Co joined the big steel prico increase movement BULLETIN Berlin UR Soviet authori ties Thursday night informed American officials that R F Goff U S engineer from Al toona Pa was in jail at Mari enbom charged with trying to evade a soviet check point in driving from Berlin to western Germany Berlin S authorities asked the Russians Thursday for a report on an American civilian missing in the soviet zone for 48 hours and for an explanation of the arrest of 2 American military police who strayed into the soviet zone Open Attack The Russians opened a propa ganda attack on Gen Lucius D Clay the U S military governor They asserted he had been re called to Washington to be re buked for bringing on the Ber lin crisis and to have his policy revised R E Goff a U S engineer left Berlin by highway at a m Tuesday to drive to western Germany He made the 3hour drive to the soviet check point near Helmstedt There he pre sumably was turned back for lack of a special visa the Russians have demanded No Arrival Goff never reached the Ameri can checkpoint on the outskirts of Berlin on the return journey Ex amination of the records there showed an unexplained notation jailed by the Russians U S guards at the checkpoint said they did not know who wrote the cryp tic note The 2 military police were seized by soviet border guards when they apparently crossed into the soviet zone by mistake on the outskirts of the U S sector of Berlin Paris Andre Maries efforts to form a government were impeded Thurs day by basic political differences between the socialists and his own radical socialists Marie conferred with leaders of the socialists who bolted the coalition government Monday and caused its overthrow and with the popular republicans and indepen dent republicans Popular republican leaders said after the conference that no agree ment could be reached on a finan cial program The issue in the fall of Premier Robert Schumans co alition cabinet was a proposed cue in the military budget Discuss Problems The chief socialist leaders Guy Mollet Paul Ramadier and Charles Lussy saw Marie Mollet said they discussed problems rather than personalities Speculation circulated that Marie might replace Georges Bi dault as foreign minister with Leon Blum To Drop Teitgen Marie also hoped to drop armed forces Minister Henry Teitgen from the cabinet Bidault has been unpopular with almost all French political ele ments except his own popular re publican party since he approved the London agreement on Ger many Teitgen has been under fire from Maries own radical socialist party for his administration of the armed forces when the government of Premier Robert Schuman fell Newspapers Forbidden to Publish Reports Reflecting on Arabs Beirut Lebanon pers were forbidden Thursday to publish news reflecting on the Arab league The press bureau ordered them to eschew dispatches on differ ences within the Arab league and between 2 of its states about the cease fire resignations of Arab states ministers and comments de rogatory to the league or leaders of the member states BIRTHS OFF 10 PER CENT Washington office of vital statistics reports birth totals for 5 months of 1948 down 10 per cent from a year ago in Iowa and clown 8 per cent in Nebraska Prospective Draftees Told Deferments Will Be Liberal Washington UR Prospective draftees were assured Thursday that deferments will be more than liberal especialy for the 25year olds Selective Service Director Lewis B Hershey said he expects fewer than one per cent of the nations 1200000 25 year olds to be called up when inductions start about Oct 1 Rules governing occupational deferments have yet to be de termined But Hershey said they will apply with a lot more force to men in the upper age brackets In this way he said industry will not be hard hit He More Generous indicated that the overall deferment policy will be far more generous to registrants than it was In World War II Under the new law some 6600 000 men in the 18through25 age bracket must register beginning Aug 30 Hershey said no draftees will be in uniform until Oct 1 instead of Sept 22 as originally planned He said that because of defer ments and exemptions only about 600000 men actually will be con sidered for induction The army has estimated it will need from 225000 to 250000 men in the first year of the draft May Volunteer Though the law exempts 18 yearolds from the draft it pro vides that 161000 may volunteer for a oneyear hitch By so doing they will get out of the 21month draft when they turn 19 Wednes day thousands of these youths be sieged recruiting centers in an effort to take advantage of this offer Many were accepted but in more than one city prospective volunteers found that the monthly quota for their area already was filled Hershey advised unlucky 18yearolds that their best bet is to get in line early when next months quotas are announced He told newsmen that draft of ficials have not yet decided whether priority for inductions should be set by lottery or by age groups That will be settled next week Coolest Air for Season Into Iowa Des Moines of the coolest weather of the season was moving into Iowa Thursday The weather bureau said the northwest would have a low in the upper 50s Thursday night The cool air will extend to the southern portions of the state also dropping temperatures here to 80 Friday A1 mass of cool and rather dry Canadian air which has been following the rainfilled low pres sure center moved into Iowa dur ing the night accounting for the sudden drop in temperatures the weather bureau said Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Considerable cloudi ness and cooler Thursday night Friday fair and cool Low Thursday night 52 to 56 High Friday mid70s Iowa Partly cloudy and cooler Thursday night Friday gen erally fair Low Thursday night 55 northwest to 62 southeast Minnesota Fair northwest and slowly clearing east and south Thursday night Cooler south Fair and somewhat warmer Fri day and Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Thursday morning Maximum 90 Minimum 60 At 8 a m Thursday 68 Precipitation trace 2 More Make Bond in Murder Charge Charles City Robert Garlock 19 Thornton andJohnny Just 21 Sheffield late Wednesday be came the 3rd and 4th of a group of agreement 6 men charged with murder to make bond Arthur Ubben of Thornton and Kenneth McClemmens Sheffield had already posted bond Still be ing held in lieu of bond is Harold Riekens 31 Sheffield Orin Lee Burns Hampton is being held without bond The 6 were arrested following the Sunday night assault death of Charles Gallup Nora Springs in Gallups farm lane Ford Workers Sign Contract Agree to 13 Cent Hike Strike Off Detroit 13cent an hour wage increase for 116000 CIO pro duction workers Thursday erased a national strike threat agambl the Ford Motor company Climaxing more than 21 hours of nearly continuous negotiation the CIO United Auto Workers also won increases in premium pay vacation improvements and a group insurance plan revision To 4 Cents an Hour The union estimated these fringe benefits would total an additional 3i to 4 cents an hour The UAWCIO also estimated the annual increased cost to Ford of the new contract of The firm made no estimate Clears Decks The UAWCIO had cleared the decks for a strike in Fords 46 plants across the nation in case an was not reached this week but withheld setting a date President Walter C Reuther of the UAWCIO entered the nego tiations early Wednesday evening and remained inthe session against doctors orders xintil it closed His right arm still is in a steel brace and cast from the ef fects of a shotgun attempt on his life last April Confers With Lucius Clay About Berlin Generals Report Not Made Public 2 Hour Meeting Washington President Truman said Thursday prospects for world peace are fact excellent He spoke just before getting a firsthand report on the soviet blockade of Berlin from the U S commander there Gen Lucius D Clay Clay made his report in Mr Trumans office at a meeting of the national security council last ing an hour and 50 minutes Mr Truman is chairman of the coun cil Secretary of State Marshall and military leaders are members Presidential Secretary Charles G Ross told reporters Mr Tru man sat in on the meeting for about an hour Ross added Talks to Group General Clay simply talked to the group about the situation in Berlin Asked by reporters whether the meeting foreshadowed a change in policy in Berlin Ross replied T h e meeting foreshadowed nothing No conclusions can be drawn from it The council simp ly listened to General Clay Gen Clay himself is going to hold a press conference Friday To Tell Story Ross said that Clay was in vited to the council meeting so that he could tell his story to all the topranking military and dip lomatic officials at one time At a news conference before the meeting Mr Truman fully en dorsed Secretary Marshalls state ment on the Berlin situation Wed nesday Marshall said the United States will not be coerced or in timidated but will use every pos sible diplomatic means to get a peaceful settlement Upon leaving the conference Clay himself told reporters simp ly that he had reported on the German situation Woman Dead After Car Truck Smash Waterloo Mrs Ada E Vaughn about 62 of La Porte City was killed in the col lision of an automobile and milk truck miles south of Waterloo on a county road Injured were Mrs Merle Vaughn 35 daughterinlaw of the dead woman and Gary Vaughn 4 son of Mrs Merle Vaughn Harold Hanna 23 Waterloo driver of the milk truck was un injured The impact rolled the Vaughn car into a field about 175 feet off the road Zearing Woman Dies in AutoTruck Crash Zearinp Irma Rogers 59 of Zearing was killed Wednes day in an autotruck collision The accident occurred as Mrs Rogers who was alone in her car turned onto state highway 317 from U S 65 at a junction here David Dahl 19 Ames driver of the southbound truck on highway 65 received minor cuts and bruises Truman Plans to Listen to Demo Views Washington r e s id e n t Truman said Thursday that he will talk with democratic leaders of all opinions in advance of the presidential campaign He told a news conference that he is ready to talk with whatever groups Senator J Howard Mc Grath democratic national chair man brings to the white house McGrath said after a conference at the white house Wednesday that representatives of divergent nvs will be included in the groups he planned to bring in The party chairman put out the welcome mat for any democrats who have been opposing Mr Tru mans candidacy He said all ele ments of the party would be wel come at the white house talks YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 69 43 SPEAKING OF TALL is the pictorial proof that North Iowa corn is stretching upward This picture taken on the Wayne Wood farm a mile and a half east of Clear Lake on highway 106 shows 3 of Woods sons Ron ald and Kussell standing teft to right and Dick on top nYearOld Boy Killed When Bike Hits Truck Sioux City cld Kent Johnson was injured fa tally Wednesday night when the bicycle he was riding downhill struck the left rear bumper of a truck The boy died at a hospital about 20 minutes after the accident Flash Flood Makes People Leave Town Lancaster Ohio 4 and 5 thousand persons were driven from their homes here early Thursday by a flash flood of the Hocking river The Red Cross disaster service said there were no casualties and everything was under control although there was several thou sand dollars worth of damage Most of the residents prepared to return to their homes a few hours later Kenneth Kerr Red Cross chief for this area said the water started rising about p m EST p m and reached its peak about a m Red Cross state headquarters in Columbus was alerted shortly after a m but the call was can celled within 30 minutes by local authorities Paper Claims Russia Could Not Launch Attack to West SAME IU death U M Berlin French licensed newspaper Ker Kurier claims Russia could not launch a blitz against the western zones of Ger many even if she wanted to Dismantled rail lines east of the Elbe and deteriorated bridges would hold up the advance of mo torized columns the paper as serted It added that the Russians would be hampered by long com munication lines and quoted Ger man railway men as saying that soviet supply trains still arc har assed by bands of guerrillas in the former Polish Ukraine Der Kurier also quoted return ing German war prisoners as say ing the Russian people had no zest for war and that the soviet army in Germany was worried about the relatively great number of j deserters Food Ready Following up recent Russian offers to feed all Berlin the soviet controlled Berlin radio said Wed nesday night that food for western Berliners would be ready for dis tribution Aug 1 in the western sectors The soviet licensed news agency snid that Marshal Vassilly D So I kolovsky Russian commander had agreed to supply electric power for a manufacturing plant in the British sector Earlier the Russians had hinted through their controlled press that they were willing to furnish electric power for the entire city The plant the AEG turbine workers manufactures electrical machinery The news agency said Sokolovsky accepted in princi ple a request for power made by trade union leaders No date was set lor turning on the power Propaganda Move Allied observers view boththe soviet food and power offers as propaganda gestures designed to offset unfavorable reaction of the western world to the blockade Frank Howley U S com mandant of Berlin said the moves were part of the overall Russian plan to incorporate Berlin into the soviet zone The American air force disclosed Wednesday that its base at Wies baden was being lengthened to handle newer type planes with hotter takeoff and landing speeds The runway is being lengthened from 5500 to 7000 feet ;