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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 22, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DCPARTUCHT OF THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGHBORS VOL I Aoodated Pros aod United Foil Lrmrl Cents MASON CITV IOWA SATURDAY JULY 22 1944 MO 24S Supporters of Wallace Disappointed By YV EARL HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor was some disap pointment among Iowa delegates Saturday and among all Henry Wallace supporters as they packed their grips for their homeward trip from the democratic conven tion Alter a vote for their favorite on the first ballot which exceeded their rosiest for Wallace to 319M for Sen Har ry S backers of the vice president had seen their cause fold up all of a sudden on the second ballot By many observers the shift o Alabamas vote from Bankhead to Truman after passing in the origi nal call on this second ballot i credited with turning the tide t the Missourian Other states seemed eager hop on the band When the smoke lifted the lowans total vote had been re duced to 66 afterwards corrected to 105 Jake More chairman of the Iowa state central committee moved to make the vote for Tru man unanimous but his motion was ruled out of order by Sen Sam Jackson presiding officer While some lowans vere down right mad regarding the Wallace rejected as a slap not only at the vice president but at the presi dent others took the position that substitution ot the Kansas City man would have the effect of strengthening the ticket particu larly in the border states of Mary land Kentucky Tennessee Mis souri and Oklahoma Defeat of the lowan was pretty much dictated by party leaders including Bob Hannegan of St Louis dynamic young national chairman Their basic thinking was that Truman would conciliate oldline democrats particularly those in the south These leaders reasoned and per haps correctly that the lowan would bring no votes in November that are not already in the demo cratic bag His appeal has been to the left wing liberals all of whom are for Roosevelt no less strongly Coming in from the stadium after the Truman nomination I overhearda remark by an Ala bama delegate that seemed to me to be most pertinent to both HITLER SAYS TRAITORS SEIZED Reinforced Yanks Push On Quickly in Guam CASUALTIES 11 S ARE LIGHT PROGRESS GOOD major partyconventions Its been a bad year Johnnie Come Lately he ob served And his reference of course was to Wendell Willkie and lo Henry Wallace both of whom changed party affiliations rather late inlife The maneuver ing which brought about Sen Trumans nomination was not unlike that which washed up Gov John Bricker on the republi can shores In both cases there was a de sire to placate the regulars of the party In personality however there is a wide difference between the 2 vice presidential nominees Bricker is a tall handsome indi vidual who can make the welkin ring Truman is smallish and un impressive physically possessed of no pronounced mastery of the oratorical devices Bricker is expected to be ac tive in the rough and tumble campaigning activities in the months ahead but it is doubtful whether Truman will be cast in that role to any great extent He just isnt built along those lines Despite his original sponsorship by Boss Pendergast of Kansas City however the Missourian has achieved a distinguished record in the senate and commands the re snect of his colleagues His inves tigation of the war industries brought him renown Many lowajis will recall him by reason of his speeches in Iowa last year in behalf of the Ball Burton Hatch Hill nonpartisan proposal of a world organization for the enforcement of peace ooqs moEja uroEra BAY Wallace Popular With Galleryites By W EARL HALL Harry S Tru man of Missouri has won the vice presidential nomination of the democratic national convention but Henry A Wallace according to demonstrations has gained in popularity despite his defeat in a bid for renomination The demonstration following the presidents radio talk Thurs day night keynoted by the lou chorus of We Want Wallace was in marked contrast to thi scene in this same conventioi hall 4 jears ago when the verj mention of the name brough lusty boos from the crowd Then of course the presiden was insisting on the lowan as hi running mate His own accept ance of a 3ra term nominatio was conditioned on Wallace a his political partner This time Henry Wallace was 1 standing en his own feet Th 1 president through the medium o 2 letters had nude it clear tha he wanted the convention to de cMe the issue From the first day of the con vcntion it has been clear tha or lose Henry Wallace woul Continued on Page 2 All Shore Defenses Had Been Gouged Out by Heavy Bombardments U S Pacific Fleet Head quarters Pearl Harbor liberation of the tiny American garrison overrun by Japanese hordes in December pushed ahead of sched ule Saturday by steadily rein forced Yanks swarming off ships on to the former U S outpost They threatened to pinch off and quickly capture Port Apra core of Guams defense system on the west coast From milelong beachheads easily won north and south of the fine harbor marines and soldiers moved inland to scale heights dominating its rear Communiques and war corre spondent eyewitness reports from the scene of Thursdays invasion told of swift progress and light casualties Tokyo radio belatedly announc ing the invasion to a homeland already beset by a war cabinet shakeup said a division about 12000 men and 150 tanks landed in Ihe vicinity of Asan north of the harbor and a half division at Agat to the south John R Henry representing the combined allied press report ed from a flagship at Guam that all Japs andshoredefenses were gouged out of the landing areas by some of the 10000 tons of ex plosives spread over the island through 17 straight days by war ships and planes In the last 8 minutes before the first Yank landed Thursday the warships alone poured more than 60 tons of exploding steel each minute on the enemy Reform Cabinet in Face of Crisis From American Gains By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Gen Kuniaki Koiso former governorgeneral of Korea and long an advocate of Japanese expansion has been named premier of Japan List Steps For Blood Donors Here YOU ARRIVE at the Red Cross blood donor appoint WINS Presidential Nominee Harry S Truman registers happiness along with his wife left and daughter Margaret 20 adjusting as the demo cratic convention focused its attention on the running mate of President Roosevelt at the end of the 2nd ballot Friday night Associated Press wirephoto Kayenay en graving Tniriian tt Carry Fight lor Roosevelts 4th Term Bid Chicago democratic party called on a vigorous practical politician Saturday in Harry S Truman of Missouri its new vice presidential nominee to carry the fight to the republicans in a cam paign for a 4th white house in a new cabinet in which Admiral Mitsumasa Yonai became navy minister it was announced in a Domei news agency dispatch broadcast from Tokyo Saturday Domei said Yonai also would serve as temporary deputy prime minister Heading the first new cabinet iu Japau since the attack on Pearl Harbor Koiso succeeds Gen Hideki To jo whose government resigned 5 days aeo almost si multaneously with the first Japa nese acknowledgement of the loss to American forces of Saipan a base that puts V S Super fortresses within bombing range of Japans main cities In the new cabinet there were 2 hold overs from the Tojo cab inet Besides Koiso and Yonai the broadcast recorded by the As sociated Press listed these other cabinet members Foreign minister and greater East Asia minister Namoru Shige mitsu war Field Marshal Gen Sugiyama home affairs Shigeo AT 1972 City Odachi finance Solaro Ishiwata has filled its quota of volunteer ustice Hiromasa Matsuzaka ed blood donors but Rockwell and jcation Harushige Ninomiya wcl Clear Lake are far short of their fare Hisatada Mirose munitions goals Saturday noons total reg istrations hit the 1973 1722 for Mason City 166 for Clear Lake 81 for Rockwell Clear Lakes quota is 600 and Rockwells 300 and chairmen of the plasma campaigns in both communities urge immediate and numerous registration by persons in those towns and in the surrounding rural areas We simply blasted Ihe Japs to hell out of there and up into the trees said Rear Adm Richard W Conolly commanding opera tions The Yanks encountered stiffen ing resistance inland But they had tanks to lead them artillery at their backs Offshore battle ships cruisers and destroyers held unchallenged command of the seas Above American planes apparent monopolized the skies for Adm hesler W Nimitz communiques add no mention of the enemy rforce Henry characterized the Guam ndertaking as the smoothest am libious operation of the Pacific ar Less than 4 hours after the ndings the beaches w ere rammed with incoming necessi es of warfare like ammunition lionswater and medical supplies nd gasoline Tokyo radios claim of tremend us losses inflicted by our forces refuted by a Nimitz communi ue Friday night stating prelim nary estimates indicate that our asualties are moderate Nimitz communique Friday ight listed a new strike by navy andbased Liberators presumably perating from Saipan at Chichi ima and Haha Jima which are in he Bonin islands a little over 600 miles south of Tokyo A Jap de troy er was among targets ombed In the southwest Pacific bomb ers in Gen Douglas ommand area added to their imazing score oE Nipponese ships junk or damaged They sank an oilladen ship and 2 coastal ves sels off northwest Dutch Guinea and left another coastal vessel in lames off Timor ng sc 3y w for President Roosevelt The 60 year old pianothump senator whose grin is kindled ide blue eyes behind thick lensed spectacles beat Henry A Wallace to the 2nd place nomina tion in an 8hour windup session of the democratic national con vention Friday With the job he inherited the task of conducting a campaign for which the president said he had little time Just as Mr Roosevelts selec tion for a 4th term was kept from being unanimous by 89 votes for Sen Harry F Byrd and 1 for James A Farley so the nomina tion of the chunky chairman of the senates war investigating committee went Into the records with this count For Truman 1031 Wallace 105 Justice William O Douglas of the supreme court 4 Gov Prentice Cooper of Tennessee 26 Sen Al ben Barkley of Kentucky 6 Manpower Commissioner Paul V McNult Three of the 1176 dele gates were absent The vice presidential balloting which began on a bitter note o strife between the CIO political action committee and the bigcity democratic chieftains who have had a great deal to say about party affairs in the last 12 years ended on a publicly harmonious pitch But there remained a note of Dixie dissent perhaps most clear ly expressed by Sen Kenneth D McKellar of Tennessee who arose to complain that his states 26 votes remained to the last rej corded for Gov Cooper McKellars prolest was lost in the banging of Chairman Samuel D Jacksons gavel which dented the speakers stand earlier the day in attempts to quell demon strations from the galleries for Wallace apparently touched off By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The 29th truadriennial demo cratic convention adjourned sine die at p m central war time Friday July 21 after 3 days in which Franklin Delano Roosevelt was nominated for a 4th term by n vole of 108G to 89 for Harry F Byrd of Virginia and one for James A Farley of New York Senator Harry S Truman of Missouri was chosen for the vice presidential campaign by a ote of 1031 to 105 for Henry A Wal lace 2S for Gov Prentice Cooper of Tennessee 6 for Senator Alben W Barkley of Kentucky 4 for Su preme Court Justice William O Douglas and one for Manpower Commissioner Paul V McNutt A 1500 word platform was adopted calling for a world or ganization to maintain peace by force if necessary a global free press and domestically standing on the principles of the new deal and tiie Roosevelt record Anti new deal southerners helped to beat Wallace their only avowed accomplishment Pleas to restore the twothirds nominating rule in the convention and to write a while supremacy plank into the platform were turned down The convention seated half of each of the regular and rump dele gations which came from Texas precipitating a bolt of 33 Texans KUNIAKI KOISO Ginjiro Fujiwara agriculture and commerce Toshio Shimada trans portation and communications Yonezo Maeda ministers of state affairs Chun Machicla Hideo Yodama and Takeiora Ogata The new 64 year old premier was chief of staff of the Kwantung army in Manchuria before he be came governorgeneral of Kora This is the same army group to which Tojo belongs It has played a leading role in Japanese affairs since he invasion of Manchuria in 1031 and since then has con stantly prodded Japanese govern ments to adopt n more vigorous Volunteers were also re minded by officials that they must avoid eating fatty foods butter milk eggs meat gravy cream 4 hours before the time of their appoint ment at the blood center Pres enceof fatin thf blood makes i info plasma All registrants were urged to keep their appointments Mason Cityans will report to the Y M C A the Clear Lake and Rock well clinics will be set up in the high school buildings in those towns ment and are immedi ately made to feel like an honored guest You have been careful not to eat fatly foods cream b u t ter eggs mayonnaise meat and 4 hours because the of fat in your blood akes it unusable AMONG YOUR FELLOW ONORS you can nearly always spot the ones w ho have given before h e y r e calmer than the first timers know how easy il is Your tem p e r a t u r e lulsc hemoglobin and blooc iressure are taken youre askec few simple health questions to Tiake sure you can donate wilt afety IN THE GROUP WAITING to o into Ihe donating room you ose all eeling of 3 e i n g an office o r k er or a louse w i f c or h a I ever your job may be Now youre part of the wa SWEDEN HEARS 100 HIGH NAZIS ARE EXECUTED Fuehrers Order Seen as Effort to Reassure Army Ranks of Powers London Hitler as rted in an order ot the day to crman troops Saturday that an templed coup detat by a small rcle of unscrupulous officers id been crushed and expressed nfidencc the army will fight ith exemplary obedience and yalty until victory is ours in to do something tha may save the life of a woundc soldier or ssilor ITS OVER sooner than you ca pile of all By immediate and vigorous ac n by loyal officers and men of le army at home the traitor ique was wiped out or arrested n lie mutter of a few hours itler said A small circle of unscrupulous ficcrs had made an attempt to nurder me and the general staff ml to seize power in the state ut providence caused the al empt to miscarry His order an obvious attempt o reassure his own followers in rmy ranks and to discourage any urther revolt came as press and cycwitness accounts indicated hat novhere had the enemies oE litlcr succeeded in seizing power or taking over key positions A rapid bloody and ruthless purge apparently had stamped out he rebellion Reports reaching Stockholm said that perhaps 109 generals or high officers had been executed Travelers to Sweden said more than 1010 persons had been arrested through Friday Through Switzerland came an unconfirmed report that the ges tapo may have slaughtered some of the most illustriousfigures in the army all longtime foes of the Iowa Reaches 86 of E War Bond Quota Des Moines Friday reached 8fi per cent of its E bond quota in tiie 5th war loan drive with total sales of the state war finance committee re ported Sales Friday towards the quota totaled 5700000 believe and you didnt feel a thing After a short rest the coffee and other re fresh ments on the house taste fine It seems like a miracle that in less time than youd spend at a movie and with no discomfort youve helped to save a life A LAPEL PIN is given you to show youve been a donor You and third party talk by CIO sympathizers It was admittedly a test of Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair and warmer Saturday night Sunday increas ing cloudiness and warmer j uarm indorsement fromjhe presi lowa Except for a few widely J scattered thundershowers with strength between the adherents of Wallace who had received a luke light amounts of precipitation dry warm weather will continue the next 3 days Minnesota Partly cloudy Satur day night and Sunday with scattered thundershowers Sat urday night and in east and ex treme south portions Sunday Little change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 82 Minimum Friday night 51 At 8 a m Saturday 64 YEAR AGO Maximum 82 Minimum 66 Precipitation Trace dent and the men like Mayor Ed ward Kelly of Chicago National Committeeman Edward J Flynn of New York and Mayor Frank Hague of Jersey City who like their politics uncomplicated The KellyFlynnHague com bination aided by National Chair man Robert E Hannegan won in a seesaw battle that Sidney Hill man chairman of the CIO polti cal action committee had pre dicted would find Wallace victor ious The south led by Oklahoma which made the first break toward Truman provided in a pinch the necessary votes toput the Mis sourian tacr after a first ballot on which Wallace who remained In a downtown hotel rolled up 4292 voles Truman had 3I92 on the initial count and the rest were di vided between 14 alsorans Down on the sardinepacked floor of the convention with sweating delegates mopping their brows around him Sen Buniet Maybank of South Carolina gave reporters an example of the souths viewpoint just after the first results were announced Said Maybank Were going to anybody who can beat Wallace We may support Truman on the next ballot The breaks came fast on the 2nd roll call call and the futile din of of whom were University of Chicago and North western university students too young to not stem the tide for Wallace Tossed aside after a 4 year Washington career of presiding over the senate attending cabinet sessions and directing foreign eco nomic warfare until relieved by the president the lowan had only kind words for the new ticket Of course said the man who will be vice president until next January he would support the ticket expansionist program Koiso was overseas minister in Admiral Yonais cabinet that held office from January to July 1040 Tokyo previously announced Emperor Hirohito had ordered Yonai a former premier to coop erate with Koiso in the forming of a new government It intimated the two would serve as copre miers The U S office of war informa tion interpreted Yonais presence in the cabinet as presumably lend ing full navy approval to the gov ernment jointly selected by the 2 men Yonai served as commandcr inchief of the combined Japanese fleet in 19353G and was navy minister from 1937 lo 1939 Shigemitsu who remains as for eign minister takes over the ad ditional portfolio of greater East Asia minister formerly held by Kazuo Aoki This portfolio hith erto kept apart from that of the foreign minister encompasses the problems connected with the ad ministration of Japaneseoccupied areas Sugiyama who was removed as army chief of staff last Feb ruary succeeds to one of Tojos jobs Buy your Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy you received in your countrys service Russians Roll Ahead in Poland Only 90 Miles From Warsaw Moscow army tank and Infantry forces making a su preme bid for Warsaw rolled back German rearguards Saturday on a jagged 200mile battle line and front dispatches said some soviet Fujiwara the new munitions minister is one of Japans leading industrialists being associated with the giant Mitsui industrial commercial combine forces were only SO miles from the Polish capital At the same time the German position in the Baltics grew worse hourly as Col Gen Ivan I Maslennikovs troops captured Ostrov cleared 17 miles of the OstrovPskov railway and left Pskov 35 miles north of Ostrov in an untenable salient Tishina 7 miles from Latvias northeast ern boundary was occupied The red tide poured through dozens of breaches in the make shift German line on to the Polish plains where Hitler once swag gered in victory and where now his troops faced disaster The battle for Warsaw devel oped from these giant thrusts by Marshal Konstantin K Rokossov skys apparently inexhaustible of fensive After cutting the Bialystok ADMK MITSUMASA YONAI Brest Lilovsk railway at Czer cmcha 95 airline miles northeas of Warsaw 2 days ago soviet unit now were reported to have ad vanced at least 5 miles Other red army forces wen forging a ring of steel arouni Brest LItovsk 90 miles east o Warsaw after mopping up Ger man pockets to the southeast in eluding Vielkoryta 18 miles dis tant on the Brest Litovsk railway Leaving the western Bag 9 more miles behind red army vel erans routed the Germans from Sawin 36 mites cast of Lubli and a fortress 62 miles from th ead waters of the IVisla Vistula nd 124 miles southeast of War aw The Sawin victory outflanked he German strongpoint Chelm 0 miles southeastward Elsewhere in the cast the Ger man generals still taking orders rom the nazi hierarchy were buf etcd anew by fierce soviet at acks GermanFinnish forces were ousted from more than 20 settle ments as the Karelian offensive was renewed north and west of he road and rail junclion of Suo arvi by Gen Kyrill A Merct skovs Iroops The long static sector south of Tarnopol was the scene of an other soviet push which reached Buczacz northeast of the moun tain passes into Hungary The Moscow communique told of continued successes in the as sault on tottering Lwow with one nazi infantry division defeated north of the town and one tank battalion whipped with a loss of more than 60 tanks Front dispatches said that so viet bombers and Stormoviks started an attack on the 4 to 5 nazi divisions surrounded in the region of Brody cast of Lwow atfcr the capture of 2000 pris nazi regime These were saidio includeTField Marshals Walther voriBrauch itsch Knrl Gerd von Runstedt Sigmund Wilhelm List and Fritz Erich von of whom lias been heard front since Berlin announced 2 days ago that Adolf Hitler had narrowly escaped assassination Two reports wholly uncon firmed indicate unrest in the Ger man navy as well as the army Radio France in Algiers quoted reports from Basel that it was generally believed there that naval units at Kiel and Stettin had re belled The Brazzaville radio re ported unrest among naval units in Norwegian ports and said an organization called The Fraternal Association of all German Sailors appeared to he behind the move ment A Madrid dispatch said one re port from a German embassy source there indicated certain army elements had revolted in southern Germany and that fight ing still was continuing Dr Robert Ley nazi labor chief declared in a broadcast ad dress Saturday morning to Ger man armament workers that the fact Hitler was saved docs not menn the battle is won then added While German workers labor 12 and 16 hours without a Sunday or holiday the idiotic iiobilily has nothing better to do than plot against our fuehrer Word emerged through Sweden of mass arrests in Berlin with large forces of SS elite guard troops ringing the capital and pa trolling the streets in armored cars While the nazis through vari ous broadcasts claimed to have suppressed the revolt with at least 2 of the alleged ringleaders dead Gen Ludwig Beck former chief of the German general staff and the Count von Stauffenberg accused by Hitler of placing the voice on the Frankfurt radio wave length purporting to be that of an officer in the Wehr macht announced Saturday morn ing that action is continuing The speaker urged fellow offi cers to offer continued armed re sistance to the Heinrich Himm lers gcstapo Identifying the man who paid by his life for planting the bomb as Col Count Claus von Slauffenbcrg the broadcaster de clared Let Hitler know Ibis much for is more than one Slauffenbcrg Slauffcnbcrgs arc here in the thousands Whether the speaker actually was broadcasting from Frankfurt or from an underground station posing as Frankfurt was uncer tain but the Associated Press lis leiier in London said it sounded authentic Propaganda Minister Paul Jo seph Goebbels put out a story Fri day night that insurgent generals attempted to grab vital lines of communication at the height of the lines direct to Ihe troops actually marched on government buildings in Berlin under false orders ;