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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 21, 1952, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper for MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THI NIWSPAPIR THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL LVIII Associated Press and United Full Lease Wires tlvc CenU a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JULY 21 1752 Thli Coniltts of Two One No J4S H Earthquake Rocks Calif Convention Gives Gov Stevenson Great Ovation One Mans Opinion A Ridio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Looking Back on the GOP Parley TN the time since Gen Dwight D Eisenhower stood before the closing session of the Republican national convention and formally accepted his partys formal nomi nation for President Ive been asked a lot of questions Because my friends knew I at tended every session of that con Im back in Chicago at this moment doing the same thing at the Democratic Convention theyve wanted the inside story right from the press gallery Practically all of them had heard large part of the proceedings by radio and a few of them had looked in on them by television And just between you and me I shouldnt be surprised if some of them the TV viewers at least ac tually got in on more of the con vention than I did through my per sonal presence in Convention Hall If I had any advantage at al over the average of these friends it lies in the fact that when youre actually there in body you get the feel of the convention in a wa that cant be experienced by radio or TV Theres the additional fact too that in the press gallery youre in the company of men and worn en trained in the art intelligenl it is an art Some o this just naturally brushes off on you What Happened to Taft With this as a background anc disclaiming any special omnisci ence I am ready to proceed will my best answers to the most com mou questions which have been put to me in the period between the two conventions And the top ranker among these has been this What happened to Senato Tafts superior p r e convention itrength That hasnt been the exact word ing in all cases but thats the big idea My answer to that question would fall into two parts 1 Eisenhower had an indisput ably greater grassroots strengt than Taft and it was inevitable tha this factor would make itself felt This is particularly true with re spect to a convention where mi lions are able to sit in through th miracle of radio and television That utterly devastating cry of th opposition Taft cant win wa rooted in this 2 The Taft strategists an they were supposed to be rcall smart professionals exhibited what amounted almost to a genius for getting on the unpopular side of every major debatable ques tion Tests Were Unanimous In support of my first point the one having to do with Ikes su perior popular appeal I need only point to the public opinion polls All of them with any pretense of being objective and unrigged pointed to this in unmistakable terms The vast flow of telegrams and mail from back home to the delegates was another proof of this And amplifying my other point namely hat the Taft strategists managed to get on the losing side of every argument Ill cite three or four examples of what I mean Six Candidates Woo Iowa Demo Delegation By W EARL HALL GlobeGazette Editor delegates to the Democratic national onvention know how a maiden feels when shes being wooed y every eligible swain in the neighborhood Six avowed aspirants for the presidential nomination ropped in on the lowans heir first gettogether here t their Palmer House headquar and whis W EARL HALL individual who Gen Hold ers Sunday evening icred words of ender affection nto wary ears The proces ion of those taying court ipened with the iagerest beaver them all Sen Estes Ke mivcr o Ten n c s s c e and closed with a aucous voiced dentified himself as idge ot California The list of suitors included Sen ator Robert Kerr of Oklahoma Averell Harriman of New York Sen Richard Russell of Georgia and Vice President Alben Bark cy of Kentucky Gillette Presents The task of presenting each suit or in a wholly unprejudiced man ner fell to Sen Guy Gillette who despite his disavowal of ambitions s Iowas favorite son choice for he presidency until the situation Begins to take shape The Kefauver forces here are headed by S J Calvin of Hamp ton the Kerr forces by cxGov Nels Kraschel and theres an ob vious undercurrent of sentiment For Gov Adlai Stevenson of 11 linois if he can be made to aban don his coyness The first minute or so of each succeeding speakers assigned five minutes was given over to swcel nothings about the wonders of Iowa Then each bidder for Iowas favor got down to business Land of Opportunity Kefauver said he thought America should remain a land ol equal opportunity without regart to race creed or religion That was saying that he isnt hedging on FEPC Kerr said he thought the Demo cratic party was big enough for members of all points of view anc that he alone could reestablish a party solidarity He avoided such controversial topics as FEPC and petroleum Harriman lashed out at anj compromise on the principles de vclopcd by Franklin D Rooseveli and carried forward so well b Harry Truman Eisenhower he said is still the schoolboy on work affairs he was when he cntcrec West Point 40 years ago Best Qualified Russell recommended himself as the one candidate best qualified on a basis of demonstrated ability H welcomed the first open conven lion in two decades and he in sisted that national security shoulc have primacy over other issue in the campaign The Veep with Ihc beauteous Mrs Barklcy at his side talked with a smile on his wrinkled face He was in rare good humor He closed with a promise to carry the message to Garcia and guar eonvention He pleaded for a solid Democratic front So Ardently The oldest of the political ob servers here couldnt remember another time in history when any single state delegation had ever been wooed so ardently by so many suitors in a single evening The convention proper wilt sec no such parade of notables Lirjing them up is considered a real feather in the hat of State Chair man Jake More For comic relief at the conclu sion of the scries of speeches a spotted by Ed Pillar of Scotland S Dak and sponsor ed by Elmer Carlson of Audubon la former worlds champion corn husking champion was led into the Iowa caucus room on the fifth floor of the Palmer House I hope this symbol of De mocracy can help all of us to think i terms of party unity Mr arisen asserted in his brief talk Says Owners Repudiated Settlement PITTSBURGH Wt Presidcn Philip Murray of the CIO United Itcelworkcrs charged Monday tha the steel industry repudiated i strike settlement which he workec out with officials ot Bethlehcn Steel Corporation last June 17 Murray told the USWs 170man wagepolicy committee that Presi dent Charles White of Republi Steel previously had urged the stee companies to accept suggestion made by While which Murra thought could have led to a settle ment The potent wagepolicy commit ee was called together to hear Murrays report on the 50da walkout which has idled more than 1500000 and to give the union chic some guidance on future strategy The committee heard Murray say hat negotiations with Vice Prcsi dent Joseph M Larkin of Bethlc icm and Bethlehem Counsel John Morse produced a memorandun of understanding in which th steel company executives sub stantially accepted the union shop Murray said Larkin and Morse took the memorandum before th other major producers with th understanding they would press for its acceptance Al1 THE GOVERNOR LOOKS DOUBTFUL Gov Acllai Stevenson of Illinois has only a faint smile as Mrs Edward J Barrett wife of Illinois secretary of state holds a Stev enson button to his coat lapelduring an Illinois delegation reception Stevenson removed himself a little further from the scramble for the Democratic presidential nomi nation when he told his state caucus he didnt want to be nominated New Iran Premier Resigns to Stop Bloody Fighting TEHRAN Iran Premier Ahmed Qavam resignec Monday night after violent hourslong rioting in Tehran anc other cities subsided He gave up after two days his at tempts to form a government pledged tosolving Irans oi deadlock Before Qavam gave up lence flared with nists strengthening National ist mobs Government forces with gun shots tear gas and bay onets fought to keep control Twenty persons were reported nearrevolutionary vio ACCEPTS PASTORATE DES MOINES Warner Muir of Los Angeles has accepted the pastorate of the University Christian Church here He suc ceeds Dr Marvin 0 Sansnury Say Prince Hurt LONDON re ports reached British govern ment officials Monday that riot ing mobs in Tehran had seriously wounded Prince Ali Reia broth er of Irans Shah The reports said that as the Prince 27 appeared near par liament he was set upon by riot ers Few available here killed in the bloody rioting No of icial reason was given for Qav ms ciuitting but apparently he ctcd to stop bloodshed As news of Qavams resignation pread crowds began marching to vards the residence of former Pre mier Mohammed Mossadegh Mondays fighting broke out vhcn a crowd of some 2000 per ons tried to storm the parliament MiihlinR rAll About Lets go back to the meeting to find Garcia at home the National Central Committee several weeks ago when plans for the convention were being made The Taft people found themselves in control of the committee as they usually are BETWEEN presi dential elections and they proceed ed to arrange things for the sena tor in a rather ruthless way They Were Too Grasping It wasnt enough to select Gen MacArthur an avowed Taft man for keynoter The temporary chair man Walter Hallanan of West Vir ginia was set in as temporary chairman And as it worked out he presided through most of the convention A disproportionate time on the program was given to the buddies This affronted the American sense of fair play When it came to dealing with the CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 dont mind being restricted to ive minutes here Mr Barkley chuckled Theyll give me more imc when I accept the nomina tion The banner of democracy he concluded will never trail as long as I am able to carry it The California generals appear pearance was pretty much anti climactic The retired military man identified himself as being for peace not war and he de cried the brushoffs he had suf fered from the Democratic party thus far At the insistence of Ray Baxter of Burlington Senator Gillette took his five minutes on the platform Everybody knows that Im not a candidate he began Pointing out that the Republicans had made every conceivable mistake in their The Weather Mason City Fair with not much change in temperature Monday afternoon and ttlonday night High Monday 86 to 90 Low Mon day night 68 to 70 Iowa Fair west partly cloudy cas Monday afternoon continuec warm not quite so humid north west half scattered showers southeast late Monday afternoon Tuesday partly cloudy with wide ly scattered local thundershow ers Minnesota Partly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday scalterec showers and local thunderstorms north Monday night and in eas and south Tuesday Cooler nortl Tuesday GlobeGazette weather rlata up to 8 am Sunday Maximum Minimum At 8 am Precipitation 87 52 77 03 Oliver Corp Will Curtail Operations CHARLES CITY Employe of the Oliver Corporation plan ro notified Monday that plar operations arc to be cut drasticall ay Saturday because of the stec strike According to a notice of lay of signed by G W Bird plant mana gcr the foundry will discontinu operations after Friday Approx malcly 1100 workers will be a fcclcd by Friday All other departments except o fice and assembly will also cli continue operations 24 Hour Armistice in NorthSouth Fighting Uy JACK iiEU CONVENTION HALL CHICAGO Democrats pened their Slat national convention Monday and gave a daring ovation to Gov Adlni Stevenson the man who Hays doesnt want the partys presidential nomination Cheers roared up from the delegates packed into this big renu when the Illinois chief executive took the podium for ordinarily would be a routine welcoming speech Drift 11 was plain that draft Steven son sentiment ran strong nmong many of the men and women who by next Friday will pick a man to contest with GOP nominee Dwifiht D Eisenhower for the nations top BULLETIN PITTSBURGH Top com mand of the CIO United Steel workers voted unanimously Mon day to continue the 50dayold crippling steel strike until the In dustry agrees to a union compulsory union membership for ail employes At Least 12 Are Killed Many Hurt Cement Plant City Is Hardest Hit LOS ANGELES ffi A violent earthquake slrlkjng before dawn in the sparselysettled mountains north of here killed at least IS persons Monday and left a mount ing loll of damage and injuries As the first reports of eyewit nesses filtered out ofthe little town of Tehachapi they painted a picture ot a shattered business disj trict bricklittered streets and wrecked hotel Doctors and nurses were in when ambulances met Say Knetzer Surrender to Chicago Paper CHICAGO IMThc Chicago Hcr dldAmcrican said Robert L Knet cr former Edwardsvillc 111 au omobilc dealerwho disappeared rom the Springfield city jail Juno 17 hnd surrendered Mondny to the luraldAmericaii The newspaperin a copyrighted story said Knelzcr will be turned over to federal authorities It did not disclose his whereabouts htthls Lime however but said he surren dered to a roporlcr of the Herald American The HeraldAmerican said Knet zer told a startling story of iie said was his escape from four gunmen who he said took him out of the Springfield jail on the pre text Hint one of them was H deputy United States marshal named George Hulcn He said he escaped from his wouldbe slayers at Wbrdcn III in Madison County by a flight over fields and through barnyards He then hid out in barns the Herald American said and had been hid ing out since working as a handy man and at odd jobs in various stales Skywatch Operations Reported Successful WASHINGTON Air Force says the first week of roiindthc clock skywatch operations by vol unteers was more persons arc needed if the gaps in the nations radar net arc to be plugged successfully An estimated 70000 to 80000 volunteers last week reportedly spotted hundreds of planes flying too low for radar to detect The Air Force said during the weekend the ground observer system has bolstered the nations nir defenses office In addition to that of Illinois the standards of Pennsylvania Iowa Colorado Alabama New Jersey West Virginia Indiana Massachu setts Hawaii and Rhode Island were hoisted The applause ran for six minutes nnd was calmed finally by a re quest from Chairnian Frank E McKinney ot the national commit tee for the delegates to restrain their enthusiasm and let the con vention get on with its business Stay in Seats Most of the Souihern delegates jacking Sen Russell of Georgia for he iti their seats during the standing ovation for Stevenson Stevenson gat another big hand at the end of his Il linois delegates waved their ban ners arid some ot them shouted We want Stevenson But the convention got off to a start the wholeprospect as to candidates and platform was high ly uncertain A sectional split over civil rights and the seating of Texas and Mississippi delegations that want to be free to take a walk threat ened to overshadow momentarily the jockcyings of a flock of presi dential candidates But it was put on ice until Tuesday Convention Strategy Out ot the wideranging field of candidates there emerged at least one man with n convention strate gy Estes Kefauver of Tennessee Winner of blocked roads only civilians slide They included not mobilized by t he Red Cross but rescue crews from Edwards Air Force Base and the Navys rocket testing base at Chi na Lake SAME DATE Illack flar meant ilfiilli hnuro 18YEAROLD VOTE MARSIIALLTOWN lulion favoring extension of the right to vote to 18 year olds will be offered by Marshall County young Republicans at the stale young Republican convention in DCS Moincs Thursday AP wircphoto GILLETTES PAY RESPECTS TO Sen Richard Russell center of Georgia one of the many aspirants in the scramble for the Democratic presidential nomination chats with Sen and Mrs Guy M Gillette oT Jowa during visit they paid him most of the Demo cratic primaries and selfstyled peoples choice for the nomination Kefauver appeared ready to shoot Lhe political works on an effort to win the nomination by the fourth ballot It his selfpropelled bandwagon many in opposing camps were predicting it lop for No 1 place on the ickct seemed to be 74yearold ViccPresident Barkley and rcluc lant Gov Adlai B Stevenson of Illinois Despite a This hurts me more than it does you kick in the pants from organized labor leaders Barklcy continued to gather under current strength George Harrison AFL vice pres ident and Jack Kroll director of the CIOs political action commit tee said the unions cant support Barkley because of his age 70 Votes Labor has been claiming 100 of hc conventions 1230 votes arc Lied directly to it with many more influenced by its attitude Welcoming the delegates to this hall where Gen Dwight D Eisen hower was chosen as the GOP presidential nominee 10 days ago Stevenson said it doesnt matter so much who leads the Demo crats this year What counts now is not just what we are against but what we are for he declared in a pre pared address A program juggling change by the Democratic national committee was what delayed any showdown on this Issue until Tues day Sam Brightman committee pub licity director insisted that adop tion of temporary convention rules had been listed for Mondays ses sion only through a clerical error Cooling Off Period Whatever the origin the change offered a 24hour cooling off period in which compromise efforts were certain to be made on a proposed fair play rule similar to that which broke the back of Sen Rob ert A Tafts forces in the Repub lican convention Debris Tumbles Amateur radio operators heard by radio station KTRBinModes to reported the earth rocked con vulsively debris tumbling into main street in thunderous crashes Children a n d thejr parents rushed into the streets and crouched stunned by the giant shaking A large water tank crashed floodingthe area Another amateur quoted Carl Thurber of the Kern CountySher iffs Aero detail whoflew in Red Cross workers as reporting two thirds of the citys buildings col lapsed with one house caved in and a family probably trapped In Sacramento thV state capital stale civil defense f headquarters ordered medical equipment mobl Hzcd to fly into the area Tchachapl with a pppulalioruof about 3000 is on US 466 between Bakersfield and Mojave a little mountain town 4000 feet high many of whose residents work ai the big Monolith Portland Cement plant nearby State Prison J It also is the site of the state womens prison whichwas re ported so hardhit that most of its cluster of twostorybuildings are unusable A call went out for tents in whichto house the 327 in mates including all otCalifornias women convicted of felonies The prisoners were reported panic stricken but unhurt Sheriffs Capt F Jones said he understood most of the dead were in an old brick hotel The towns residential district was damaged but no deaths were re ported there Caveins were reported in at least two tunnels in the area used jointly by the Santa Fe and Southern Pacific Railroads and all travel was blocked The South ern Pacifics main line to San Francisco which runs along the coast was not damaged The Santa Fe said it would move its passengers by bus But the maintraveled route be tween here and Bakersfield tho rtidge Route US 99 was blocked jy a slide near Gorman A high vay patrolman seems like the top of a mountain slid off burying the busy fourlane recway route under 25 feet of dirt at one point Loss and Injuries Elsewhere in the isolated Teha chapi Mountains which separata coastal southern California from the San Joaquin Valley there were growing reports of loss and injuries At least 10 persons were hos pitalized at Mojave 20 miles east of Tahachapi A motel and store at Grapevine was reported wreck ed with two persons injured The strongest quake in southern California in nearly a halfcen tury the thinlypopulated area in which it hit kept the death toll from being much higher Its force was felt mostly in a rolling mo tion from San Francisco on tha north to the Mexican border on the south and eastward into Ne vada As dawn came clouds of dust could be seen rising back in the mountains indicating landslides deep in the canyons Bakersfield itself a city of 35 000 was hardhitA refinery was afire the downtown business trict was littered with rubble plate glass windows weresplint ered and an explosion blewoul the walls of an automobile agetwjs ;