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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 21, 1948, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LIV Associated Press and United Press Full Letse Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JULY 21 1948 This Paper Consists of Two One No 244 8th Top Communist Surrenders Himself Hershey Sets Draft Start About Oct 1 Says Method of Selection Yet to Be Decided COMMUNIST PARTY LEADERS RELEASED AFTER men described by federal authori ties as members of the communist party national board leave federal court in New York Tuesday night following their arraignment on charges of advocating overthrow of the U S government Released in custody of counsel left AF Wirephoto to right are William Z Foster head of the communist party of America Jacob Stachel educational secretary Henry Winston organizational secretary New York City Councilman Benjamin Davis Eugene Dennis general sec retary and John B Williamson trade union secretary To Probe Hike in Steel Price May Bring Pressure for More Controls Washington UR Chairman Jesse P Wolcott said Wednesday his house banking committee will inquire into the reasons for the new steel price increase The republican said the a year boost in prices by U S Steel came at an unfortunate time An average increase of a ton in steel prices was announced Tuesday by U S Steel which traditionally sets the price pattern for the entire in dustry Wolcott said in a telephone in from Chicago that his committee will want to get all the facts about the steel price boost before acting on any legisla tion designed to control inflation When congress meets in extra session Monday President Tru man plans to renew his request for broad price control and rationing authority White house sources re ported that Mr Truman will ask for immediate price controls on and some other basic foods Congress thus far has balked at fall administration efforts to write into law a stiff new program to combat high prices Pressure on congress will be greater than ever at the new session however and the steel price increase may be a factor in determining the type of legislation that is finally approved Madame Goerrng Set Free After 1 8 Months in Allied Prison Camp GarmischPartenkirclien Ger many fP Emmy Goering wid ow of Hitler Germanys No 2 nazi was convicted Wednesdavof being a nazi but was set rriediately She got a sentence of one year in a labor camp from a Garmisch court but was freed since she already has spent 18 months in camp awaiting trial The oldest medical weekly in America is the New England Jour nal of Medicine established in 1828 West Abandons Forceful Means to Break Blockade Berlin western powers appeared Wednesday night to have abandoned forceful measures for breaking the soviet blockade of Berlin in favor of new diplomatic moves In Washington i Secretary of State Marshall told newsmen the United States will do everything possible in the Berlin crisis to reach an acceptable solution and o avoid the tragedy of war for he world American officials were ready ng new diplomatic moves in a de termined effort to settle the crisis short of war President Truman awaited a first hand report from en Lucius D Clay the Ameri can military governor who is en route to Washington by plane New Note In London a responsible British source said a new western power note protesting the soviet block ade had been drafted and sent to Washington for review by top U S state department officials Talk virtually ceased of bring ing the monthold crisis to a dra matic climax by sending armed columns through the sealed ap proaches to Berlin Reports that Americans were considering this action were current over the week end Most Regretful Wednesday a British military government official said it was most regretful that such a move had ever been mentioned He said in any case it would have been a ludicrous and fantastic attempt The official who declined to be quoted by name said that to be able to send an armored train from Helmstedt to Berlin you first would need complete control of every signal cabin along the line Truman to Present Program to Congressmen in Person SAME White flag means no traffic death to past 24 hours Wife Can Take Only 1 Beating for Each Year Pittsburgh Elizabeth A Rausch told Judge Samuel A Weiss Tuesday that she endured an annual Christmas beating from her husband Joseph for 8 years but decided to sue for a divorce when he started beating her on other holidays Judge Weiss granted the divorce 5 Brussels Nations Fail in Step Toward Western Union Traffic Toll Down by Half Iowa Has 6th Best Record in Nation D e s M o i 11 e s has slashed its traffic fatality rate al most in half in the last 2 years the state safety department reported Wednesday Only 5 states have a better safe ty record than Iowa for the 1st 5 months of this year Al Kahl safety department commissioner said in a report covering traffic fatalities in the 1st half of 1948 that Iowas fatal ity rate per 100000000 miles trav eled was reduced from 74 for the same period in 1946 to 41 for the 1st 5 months of this year Average 71 The national average for the 1948 period was 71 There were 202 fatalities in Iowa in the 1st half of this year com pared with 225 for the same period last year This reduction was ac complished despite an of 78730 in the number of motor vehicles registered in Iowa and a 17 per cent increase in traffic Cites Holiday The most outstanding evidence of what can be done toward safe driving was displayed over the 4th of July holidays this year Kahl said There was only one fatal accident 4 were killed in it in that period and this accident occurred on a country road Kahl followed up by calling at tention to the fact August is the worst month for traffic fatalities The record toll for one month was esablished in August of 1941 at 80 August last year is 2nd high with 73 fatalities Ask Marie to Form Cabinet French Look for New Head of Government Paris Marie a rad ical socialist announced Wednes day he has been asked to form a new French government Marie 51 was minister of jus tice in Premier Robert Schumans cabinet which resigned Monday in defeat opposing a cut in the defense bill Marie is a moderate conserva tive and his emergence marked a swing to the right He still is suf fering effects of starvation in the German Buchenwald concentra tion camp Immediately after talking with President Vincent Auriol he went to the ministry of justice to con sult political leaders He must secure a parliamen tary majority to attain the office It was socialist defection from the coalition of popular republican movement radical socialists con servatives and socialists which toppled the Schuman government Washington 7P Maj Gen Lewis B Hershey national selec tive service director indicated Wednesday the armed forces may not call peacetime draftees into service around Oct 1 The law provides that no one can be inducted before Sept 22 Hershey would not give a def inite date when he expects the first draftees to be called He was asked at a news con ference whether in view of reg istration taking place from Aug 30 to Sept 18 selective service would be able to provide any draftees before Oct 1 Hershey replied that Oct 1 sounded like a conservative date Hershey said the method of se lecting men probably wont be de cided until next week He said there are 2 methods of selection A Start with men of 25 and work down the list to the 18 year olds or Conduct a lottery such as was done at the start of the draft for World war II He indicated that he is sympa thetic towards drafting the 25 year olds first because 100000 of them will become 26 every month and therefore will not be eligible for the draft Washington UR President Truman will present his legislat ive program to the special session of congress in person at noon next Tuesday Press Secretary Charles G Ross said Tuesday the president will deliver his message to a joint session of the house and senate on the 2nd day of the special ses sion The timing of his appearance was worked out in consultation with democratic and republican congressional leaders Wild Goose Chase At the same time Ross told re porters that Mr Truman would not ask congress to go off on any wild goose chase Obviously he is not asking con gress to enact the republican plat form Ross said But he said that as a matter of fact several pro posals which the president will make to the special session are included in the democratic plat form for 1948 Already in Congress Ross said that in large part the program to be put forward by the president is already in congress some of it far along in the legislative process The special session called by Mr Truman to consider an anti inflation program and other mat ters will convene at noon EDT Monday Mr Trumans spokesman said he could not discuss at this time the possibility the president might include a report on the current Berlin crisis in his message Americans Warned to Stay Away From Jap Volcano Mt Asama Karuizawa Japan U S army warned all personnel Wednesday to stay well outside the 3mile radius of Mt Asama an active volcano itear here Japanese scientists have reported that Asama may explode within the next few months Claims Ballot in 40 States 3rd Party Petitions for Vote Recognition Philadelphia leader of Henry Wallaces 3rd party claimed Wednesday their candidates would be listed on ballots in at least 40 states including the 4 largest at the November presidential elec tion The prediction came as public hearings began on the 3rd party The Hague Brussels past countries failed Wednesday1 to take even the 1st steps to make their muchheralded western ilnion anything but a scrap of paper The 2day conference of the for eign ministers of Britain France Belgium The Netherlands and Luxembourg ended here with the western union as far from reality as a week ago In place of the hope of a week ago there now are disclosed fun damental differences and a strong reluctance especially by Britain to project the western union be yond a loose organization of sov ereign states Return Home The 5 foreign ministers returned i home Wednesday with only a few of unity and plenty of out ward signs of disunity The most spectacular display of unity was opposition to the sug gestion by some American of fie 1 ials especially those in Germany that the Berlin blockade be broken by a show of force The Brussels pect countries wanted no part of a project Dale Carnegie Says Britons Have Better Manners Than Yanks New York Carnegie author of How to Win Friends and Influence People began winning a few English friends as he sailed Wednesday aboard the liner De Grasse for England The English are a betterman nered and a betterspeaking peo ple than the Americans he told reporters before the ship sailed The English people had cul ture and grand manners when there was nothing in America but the Indians The people who im migrate here are not usually members of established families They are usually unlettered farm ers tradesmen and workers Hayes Available for Service on GOP Committee Charles availability of Boyd Pete Hayes of Charles City for 3rd district membership on the republican state central committee is being made known to party wdrkers in other counties by friends of the local attorney Mr Hayes a veteran of World war II is serving as city attorney here and he is Floyd county re publican chairman For a number of years he was closely associated politically with the late Wesley G Henke who was 3rd district com mitteeman at the time of his death last year Bennett A Webster of Mason City chosen to fill the vacancy created by the death of Mr Henke has let it be known that he does not wish to continue on the cen tral committee No campaign for the local law yer is planned and his friends ex plain that if somebody older in the partys service is entered there will be no disposition to make a contest of it But its pointed out Mr Hayes is avail able 2 of 6 Freed on Bail 4 Still Held on Murder Charges Charles Ubben 24 Thornton and Kenneth Mc Clemmens 19 Sheffield were free Wednesday after posting 000 bond each for a murder charge placed against them and 4 others following the death of Charles Gallup 60 Nora Springs Orin Lee Burns 25 Hampton who has admitted striking Gallup in the Sunday night scuffle which took place in the lane of Gallups farm near Nora Springs is being held without bond The other 3 being held in the Floyd county jail in lieu of bond are Robert Garlock 19 Thornton Harold Riekens 31 Sheffield and Johnny Just 21 Sheffield All 6 men are bound to the September term of district court Gallup died Sunday night short ly after arriving at a Mason City hospital by ambulance Death was attributed to a hemorrhage caused by a blow on the temple platform Representatives of a dozen organizations were slated to give their views on a rough draft drawn up behind locked doorsbythe platform committee C B Baldwin campaign man ager for Wallace made the claim at his first preconvention press conference The convention for mally opens Friday Baldwin disclosed that Illinois was the latest state in which the Wallace forces had obtained rec Doily Worker Editor Goes Before Court Said to Advocate Violent Overthrow of U S Government New York 8th top com munist leader of 12 indicted on charges of advocating violent overthrow of the U S govern ment surrendered Wednesday John Gates 34 editor of the Daily Worker communist party newspaper said as he appeared in federal court I have a clear con science Six others of the party high t command headed by Chairman j William Z Foster were arrested Tuesday night shortly after the special federal grand jury returned th indictments A 7th was held in Detroit The 6 arrested here were re leased overnight after promising to return this morning Bail of 000 each was posted for them Wed nesday Learned From Paper Gates an army paratrooper In the war said he learned of the indictments from the newspapers this morning The 530000 bail for the 6 was ognition by natures getting 100000 sig Now we are assured a line in New York California Pennsyl vania and 4 largest states Baldwin said in a message to leaders of the Illinois progres sive party We will make it on at least 40 ballots Much of Pisa Italy was de molished during World war II but the Leaning Tower was only slightly damaged It was understood they unani mously agreed here to oppose any such move which they feared might lead to war and immediate occupation of their countries by the Russians Spectacular Split The most spectacular split oc curred over the French proposal to go far beyond the original concepts of the western union French For eign Minister Georges Bidault harassed by a political crisis at home proposed 1 Expanding the western union into an allEuropean federal par liament with delegates from exist ing parliaments It wo ild be open to all Europe the east as well as the west 2 Converting the western union immediately a full economic and customs union to cover all of Europe later But under the leadership of British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin who usually is given the credit lor conceiving the western union the other countries flatly rejected Bidaults proposal as a dream Recruiting Offices in Boom Rush Washington u s i n e s s boomed at military recruiting centers throughout the country Wednesday as of 18 year olds beat the peace timedraft by volunteering for 12 months of service Under the new draft law 18 year oldswho volunteer for one years service in this country will be excused from the 21 month draft when they turn 19 Taking advantage of this es cape clause hundreds of youths queued up at recruiting centers to sign up with the army navy or air corps The new draft act provides for registration of men 18 through 25 but only those 19 through 25 may be inducted It authorizes voluntary enliat I ment of 18 year olds Gerald Van Buskirk First Applicant of 18 Year Old Recruits Gerald M Van Buskirk Good ell was the first applicant to be accepted by the Mason City army and air force recruiting station under the new plan of one year enlistment for 18 year olds which went into effect Wednesday He will be heard in an interview over KGLO on the 6 oclock newscast Wednesday evening Officers Seek Stock Rustlers 10 Head of Cattle at Cresco Yards Stolen here were on the search Wednesday morning for cattle rustlers who stole 10 head from the barns of the Cresco Live stock Market during the early morning hours Tuesday The live stock is estimated to be worth Fred Halweg caretaker at the yards discovered the theft de claring the thieves gained entrance to the barns by pulling the staples that held the heavy chains to which the lock is attached It is believed the cattle were hauled away by truck There was a heavy rainfall during the night which obliterated the tracks The cattle consisted of 4 Short horn and one Hereford steer and 5 cows and heifers of Holstein and roan Shorthorn breed posted in U S treasury bonds by Robert W Dunn treasurer of the civil rights congress when they appeared before Federal Judge Vincent L Leibell Freed on bail besides Foster were Eugene Dennis general sec retary of the communist party John Williamson national labor secretary Jacob Stachel chair man of the partys department of agitation publication and educa tion New York Councilman Ben jamin J Davis choirman of the partys legislative committee and Henry Winston organizational secretary Seized in Detroit A 7th Carl Winters chairman j of the Michigan state council of I the party was seized in Detroit Tuesday night The other 4 are be ing sought The arrests one of the sharpest blows yet struck against organized communism in this country brought an immediate strongly worded protest from national headquarters of the party It described the indictments as a monstrous frameup and said the arrests were part of a plan by President Truman to embarrass the new party of Henry A Wal lace Foster and the others indicted are specifically accused of con spiring to teach and advocate the overthrow of t h e United States government by force and violence Many citizens of Pisa Italy make a living modeling miniature copies of their famous Leaning Tower for souvenirs Thieves Take Jewelry From Humphrey Bogart Hollywood UR Thieves en tered their home while they were out of town for 10 days and stole 515000 in jewelry Actor Hum phrey Bogart and his actress wife Lauren Bacall reported Wednes day The jewelry was missing they returned from a vacation aboard their yawl at Newport Beach they said AP Wircphoto BUILDING one was seriously hurt but it was hard on the bedrooms when the wall collapsed in this 4story brick apartment building in West Homestead Pa Tuesday Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Generally fair through Thursday Cooler Wed nesday night and Thursday Low Wednesday night CO High Thursday 82 Iowa Generally fair and cooler Wednesday night and Thursday Low Wednesday night 60 north west 65 southeast Minnesota Cloudy north and partly cloudy south portion Wednesday night with rain continuing northeast Cooler west portion Thursday clearing not so cool in north and a little cooler southeast IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Wednesday morning Maximum 89 Minimum 66 At 8 a m Wednesday 77 Precipitation 05 Says Russians Prepared to Dismantle Rail Equipment YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 73 46 Berlin Britishlicensed press said Wednesday the Rus sians are preparing to pull switches and signal equipment on the railroad to Berlin if the west ern allies try to force their way through the soviet blockade Meanwhile the Russians who already have offered to feed all Berlin hinted through their con trolled press that they may offer electric power for the entire city including the soviet blockaded western sectors The Britishcontrolled newspa per Telcgraf said German rail way officials have received orders to prepare detailed plans of rail lines running to the western bor ders of the Russian occupation zone The Needs No Repair Britishlicensed German news agency said the closed Helm stedt line to Berlin was in good shape and needed n6 repairs as the Russians have claimed The agency said it received its infor mation from rail officials in the soviet union German press reports also said the Russians are strengthening border barricades on the frontiers with the American occupation zone to reduce German interzonal I travel Gen Lucius D Clay American military governor in Germany and his political adviser Robert Murphy are enroute to Washing ton by plane to report on the growing Berlin crisis Clay is ex pected to return to Berlin Sun day Sends Jets Before the American command er left Frinkfurt Tuesday night it was announced that the United States is sending 75 more jetpro pelled fighters to reinforce its aerial strength in Germany Six teen other jets arrived at Storn away Scotland Tuesday night They also are slated for duty in Germany S o v i e tcontrolled newspapers here implied that the Russians might supply Berlin with electric power by using imports of Polish coal The papers said the Russians could get enough coal to restore the drastic power cuts which have darkened homes and shut down many factories in western Berlin This 2nd soviet gesture was her alded with blaring headlines and editorials in the communist press It came as Berliners looked to ward Washington for a solution in the 5weekolci crisis ;