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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 21, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION iiiiiir VOL LID AnoeUttd and Doited Full Lcued Five Ccnte it Copyi MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JULY 21 1947 Thli Contliu of Two Out No 2U One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE Po KGLO Him City BudiT U WIAD Qolnty 111 Filter 1 p a W01 Amu II U t m WSUl low Cltj TBonO n Were Cuddling Up to Argentina Again undoubtedly t h e r es much in the background that doesnt meet the eye of the casual observer it is plain that Ameri cas diplomatic attitude toward Argentina has undergone a marked change in recent months This change Is reflected in the state departments shakeup of per sonnel having to do with Latin American relationships Argentina in particular Hardboiled Spruille Braden has been replaced by suave able Norman Armour a career diplo mat as principal under secretary of state in Washington and George S Messersmith has been replaced by Tames Bruce in the embassy at Buenos Aires DURING the war years under Bradens direction our pol icy with respect to Argentina was one of get tough and stay tough We treated Peron and his only slightly less obnoxious predecessors as the fascists that they are Clearly he was working hand in glove with Mussolini and Hit ler If they were wrong so was he So we acted accordingly treating the Feron regime as the pariah among western hemis pheric nations that we knew it to be When it came to ladling out military aid we favored other Latin countries especially Brazil Argentinas arch rival Likewise in the financial and cultural as pects of our good neighbor pol icy we gave preference to others ALL of this seemed a wholly laudable course of action But somehow it didnt work out ac cording to specifications For one thing perhaps because of physical fear South American neighbors of Argentina were not too sympathetic with our policy of toughness For another and particularly after the War ended our Etiror peanWar allies Britain and Rus sia declined to cooperate with us To the contrary they played up toPeron and thus weakened the effectiveness of our policy of toughness AS a result when Gen George Marshall took over as secretary of state change of approach seemed wise That change is now under way The goal now Is to win our way back into the good graces of Peron and the Argentine na tion WATVTNG for the moment the question of whether this de cision is good or bad I am ready to concede that no better quali fied man for the appeasement job could have been selected than Norman Armour I saw him in action in Buenos Aires in those difficult times just before United States was drawn into the war in 1941 I can testify personally to the position of es teem occupied by him with the people of Argentina While Mr Armour brought back into the diplomatic service from his retirement in New Jer sey will operate in the state de partment at Washington it can be assumed that he will exercise a great influence over our policy toward Argentina Ambassador Bruce will be taking his orders from Mr Armour HERE there comes back to me a recollection of my visit with Mr Armour in his embassy office high up in one of the business blocks in downtown Buenos Aires I had heard him referred to as the ablest and best liked member of Americas entire diplo matic corps After meeting him 1 could understand it A Princeton graduate Mr Armour entered the service as a career man Before going to Argentina he had served as am bassador to Chile and as minister to Canada having succeeded Ma son Citys own Gen Hanford MacNider in the latter assign ment Truman Issues MidYear Economic Report S PROSPERITY AT NEW HIGH DUTCH ATTACK INDONESIANS BY AIR LAND SEA Republic Capital Has 1st Airplane Attack After Premier Talks BULLETIN Jogjakarta Java Indonesian republican capital experienced its first air attack of current hostilities Monday when 4 Dutch planes flew over the outskirts At least 5 explo sions were heard above the moan of air raid sirens The planes appeared 5 minutes alter Premier Amir Sjarifoedin con cluded a radio address accusing the Dutch of waging a colonial war First unofficial reports from the airport which appar ently was the target said fires were started and that some per sons were injured seriously Batavia Java Fresiden Soekarno said by radio Monda the Dutch were attacking his In donesian republic by land air an sea He appealed to the world t force the United Nations security council to take up the issue A Dutch communique said Dutch warplanes had attacked republican airfields In Java and Sumatra because Indonesian fighter plane were ready for action The Dutch declaring they woulc not attack either the civil popu lation or nonmilitary objectives were attempting to immobiliz harassing antiaircraft guns at th fields and the republican air force believed to number about 40 ob solescent Japanese planes many in poor repair The republican radio over whicl Soekarno appealed said Bute artillery had opened fire south o Bandoeng 100 miles southeast o Batavia The report said 2 Dutch planes using rockets attackei Tasik Malaya in West Java ant that other Dutch aircraft had strafed a SoerakartaSraden rail way train Indonesian broadcasts and other sources said the finely equippei Dutch army of about 120000 men using mostly TT S lend lease am surplus military equipment was striking simultaneously at numer ous points Dr H J Van Mook acting Dutch governor general called thi skirmishing police action At about the time I visited him a report was current that Mr Armour would be moved to Lon don as our ambassador An nouncement that the appointment had been given to John Winant brought great rejoicing among the Argentines They didnt relish the thought of losing Norman Armour IN our half hour conversation Mr Armour spoke of the people of Argentina in a most friendly way He recognized the fact that for some of the mis understanding which had marked our relations in the past our country was at least partly re sponsible While welcoming the new found U S interest in South America he saw the danger of what might be termed a light ning courtship Im talking about the rank and file rather than the ruling CONTINUED ON FACE 2 Southern Pacific Puts Embargo on Freight as Strike Time Nears San Francisco South ern Pacific railroad clamped freight embargo on its Pacific lines Monday and warned travel lers they may be stranded if a threatened strike of locomotive engineers takes place as sched uled at 8 p ro Federal Mediator Thomas Bick ers succeeded in arranging a joint meeting of brotherhood and rail road officials for later Monday in a final effort to avert the walk out Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Monday nighl and Tuesday warmer Tuesday Low Monday night near 50 High Tuesday 7580 Iowa Fair Monday night and Tuesday Not so cool west por tion Monday night Somewhat warmer Tuesday Low Monday night around 50 High Tuesday 7580 Minnesota Fair Monday night not so cool north and west por tions Tuesday partly cloudy and warmer with scattered light showers north portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 73 Minimum 46 At 8 a m Monday 59 YEAR AGO Maximum 87 Minimum 56 GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 80 Minimum 59 At 8 a m Sunday 70 Precipitation 01 YEAR AGO Maximum S3 Minimum 57 Clamp Curfew on 90000 Jews in Palestine Jerusalem dusktodawn curfew was ordered Monday fo 90000 Jerusalem Jews bringing to 155000 the number of Jews under curfew restrictions here in Haifa and in the Natanya area The action followed a new out burst of violence which left dead and 23 wounded in 48 hours The British army was orderei to lock the Jewish quarters here from 7 p m to 5 a m daily until further notice Some SOtOOO Jews in Haifa al ready were under a similar cur few About 15000 at Natanya have been under martial law for a week as a result of the kidnap ing of 2 British army sergeants Fear of repercussions for the deportation from Haifa of 4500 or more uncertified Jewish refugees of the exodus of 1947 was re ported to be the reason for the extended curfew Hebrew newspapers Monday morning headlined in heavy black type a story that the refugees were being sent back to France The death toll in the last 48 hours included a British policeman ambushed in Haifa Saturday night a British soldier blasted to death near Natanya Sunday after noon and a Jewish civilian fatal ly wounded while participating in an attack early Monday on the Stella Maris army signals camp near Haifa An official government an nouncement said 2 British soldiers and one British policeman and an Arab civilian were seriously njured during the 2day period The announcement said the civil an was hurt just before dawn Monday when he accidentally stepped on a mine planted on the perimeter of a radar installation south ofHaifa Jpur Palestine policemen were slightly injured by junfire in resisting an attack on ie radar station FEAR 30 DEAD IN AIR CRACKUP Buentfs Aires 4motored 3C4 Argentine army transport crashedinto a crowd of specta tors while trying to take off for an air force show at the nearby Palo mar base Monday and more than 30 crewmen passengers and by standers were believed killed The big ship straining to clear he rim of the field was reported o have tipped an automobile on a highway plunged into the crowd and burst into flames The aviation department an nounced that some crewmen pas sengers and spectators were killed low many were aboard was not mown and precise casualty fig ures were not forthcoming at once The air force planned to parade some 200 planes as part of the demonstration of Argentine aerial might The show was called off after the crash for Youth in Mutilation Slaying Centers at Des Moines Des Moines search for eorge Thomas tee about 18 of Oconto Wis against whom first egree murder charges have been iled at Lincoln Nebr in connec tion with the mutilation slaying f Charles Mulholland 8 on July 5 was concentrated in the Des Moines area Monday Polk county sheriffs deputies nd state patrolmen were reported earching cornfields along high vay 64 north of Des Moines after man identified as Lee was re Orted to have left the car of a purist in that area after hitch iking a ride Sheriffs office reports said Lee ad been spotted earlier at the unction of highways 30 and 64 ust south of Marshalltown where e was picked up by the tourist ise was reported wearing a blue hirt and blue trousers AF Wlrephotft SALLY ANN OLEARY for First Time Pittsburgh Dan OLeary cried with delight Monday as he saw his 12 year old daughter Sally Ann walk down the steps from the Its miraculous he sobbed as he wiped his tearclouded spec tacles For Sally Ann hid never walked before I just asked God and the Blessed Mother to help grad ually I started to walk Sally Ann told her dad The plane had just brought her sack from the famous shrine of Our Lady of Lourdes in France She was one of a group making the first airborne pilgrimage from the United States As the little girl took her fal ering steps from the plane rela ives who saw her leave with legs encased in steel braces last July 7 spontaneously broke into stag Ave Maria Ave Sally Ann was a cripple from lirth When the Rev James R Cox priest of old St Patricks church announced he was char tering a plane to fly to the shrine of St Bernadette Dan OLeary a husky steel company employe asked for passage for his daugh ter With 30 others Sally Ann took off 2 weeks ago She was wheeled in a chair into the plane As the welcoming crowd left the airport this morning chanting hymns an airport attendant turned slowly away wheeling an invalid chair Didnt seem to need that to day he said when no serious injuries were found Mrs Rivers was taken to the Nissen hospital at Osage where she spent the night under obser vation Her ailment appeared to consist chiefly of shock Mr Rivers and the children were bruised and shaken Mrs Staebler had been em ployed for several years as re ceptionist for Dr O H Banton at Charles City Besides her hus band and parents she leaves a sis ter Mrs Darrell Kellum of Charles City was taken to Grossmann funeral home the CHARLES GITYAN DIES IN CRASH Collision of Cars Kills Mrs Staebler Charles arrange ments were incomplete Monday xr Mrs Paul Staeblerof Charles ity 36 who was instantly killed n an automobile collision 5 miles northeast of Floyd at 7 p m Sun day Seven other persons were in ured and shaken in the crash be ween cars driven by Mr Staeb er who was going north on a ounty road and Dean Rivers of Orchard who was going west on a ounty road the vehicles coming ogether at an intersection in front of the Jim Harris home Officers who investigated the iccident said there was some ob truction of view at the intersec ion and the low sun is believed o have interfered with the vision if the driver of the westbound ar With the Staeblers in the car were Mrs Staeblers parent Mr and Mrs A C Pangbui of Charles City and with Mr ers his wife and 2 small childreii Mrs Pangburn was released rom the Charles City hospital after a checkup Sunday night and Mr Pangburn remained overnight or observation Mr Staebler a postoffice clerk Light travels about twothirds t Charles City also was released as fast in glass as it does in water Argentine Presidents Wife Cancels Plans for Visit to England London British foreign office spokesman told a news con ference Monday that Senora Eva Peron wife of the Argentine pres ident had definitely cancelled her plans for a visit to England The Argentine ministry of for eign affairs the spokesman said has informed the British embassy in Buenos Aires that Senora Peron will not be visiting England during her present European In reply to questions the spokes man said that no reasons were given for Senora Perons decision and that he had no comment to make HOUSE PASSES ANTIPOLL TAX BILL BY 290112 Southern Opposition Will Prevent Senate Passage This Session Washington republi can leadership rammed an anti tax bill through the house Monday as congress drove toward a Saturday adjournment There is no chance that the sen ate will pass the bill at this ses sion Bitter southern opposition and the threat of a filibuster rule that out But the house GOP leaders wanted the legislation on the rec ord and they got it by a vote of 290 to 112 The antipoll tax bill would for bid any state from making pay ment of a poll tax a prerequisite to voting in a national election Seven southern states now inforce this requirement Republican leaders in both houses voiced confidence that con gress could dispose of all remain ing must legislation in time to meet its Saturday adjournment deadline Other developments Monday Foreign Affairs Secretary of State George C Marshall talked in private for 40 minutes with the house foreign affairs committee and select group of key house members He gave them the in side story of the international situation His listeners were pledged to secrecy but one of them said afterwards he could report that the international situation is grave Vote James P Kem EMoJ gota goahead for a showdown on his fight for an investigation of the justice depart ment in connection with alleged vote frauds in the Kansas City democratic primary last August Communists The house un American activities committee was told that there are about 5000000 communist party members or com munist sympathizers in the United States This estimate came from Walter S Steele chairman of the national security committee of the American coalition of patriotic and civic fraternal societies E Heuther presi dent of the CIO United Auto Workers called on the govern ment to force the steel industry to produce enough steel to meet actual needs of the country Tes tifying before a senate small bus iness subcommittee Reuther said the nation will face depression by 1950 and will lose the peace if the steelmakers are permitted to carry out what he called their program of planned scarcity Roosevelt senate war investigating commi ttee about to launch a new inquiry has subpenaed some secret papers of the late President Roosevelt In a series of hearings to begin July 28 the committee will seek to determine if there was any connection between Elliott Roose velt and the in war plane orders which Hollywood Magnate Howard Hughes never delivered Air Safety Senator Owen Brewster RMe proposed leg islation to shift aviation rule making authority from the civil aeronautics board to the civil aeronautics administration but leaving untouched CABs existing judicial powers Brewster said his bill wouldbring air safety regu lations up to date and also put experts in charge of aviation boards Social to extend social security coverage to 20000000 persons now excluded was introduced by Senators James E Murray Robert F Wagner DN J Howard McGrath DR I and Rep John Dingell There was no chance for action on the measure at this session of congress Universal Training Chairman Walter G Andrews RN Y of the house armed services com mittee ruled outany action at this session of congress on President Trumans request for universal military training legislation Seek More Treasure of Iowa Recluse Davenport on the hunch of a neighbor Davenport workmen Monday planned to dig up the yard at the home of Wil liam Davis to determine whether or not the 68 year old recluse has buried any hidden treasure Work on removing assorted trash which has accumulated In the Davis house for the past 23 years was completed Monday and in cash and bonds was found among the junk The order to dig up the yard was given by city officials after a neighbor woman reported she had seen Davis acting in a very mysterious manner while bury ing items in the yard Davis wasnt surprised when police told him they had found a fortune in the debris which they removed from his junkfilled home Oh I knew that was there William H Davis replied but did you find my 3 cans of paint Authorities began cleaning out Davis 4room bungalow after he ignored a board of health order to do so They said they already had carted away several truckloads of junk And they still had the base ment and attic to clean Along with the litter of boxes magazines old clothes and other items police dug up in government bonds bank books listing more than in depos its debenture bonds valued at postal savings notes and in cash stuffed into small to bacco bags which were hidden in the debris I knew it was there all the time he said I just didnt know how much there was Butthere were 3 cans of paint tooIfknowIleftthatpauit some where around the house I hope you can find it please I want to paint the house Dont you think it needs it Frigid Burgers Lemmon S Dak member the man who sent a newspaper coupon and 20 cents to Milwaukee last week for 5 ham burgers He got the hamburgers Satur day as ordered on dry ice with plenty of onions and pickles The chain hamburger store even spent 78 cents to send the order spe cial delivery There were instructions on thawing the burgers but the edi tor who ordered them and 4 staff members were so hungry they ate them in the frigid state And all agreed they tasted wonderful The hamburger chain didnt say whether similar orders would be accepted in the future Car Accident Injuries Fatal to North lowan Fort Dodge Miss Emma Neppel 68 sister of the Rev John Neppel 70 who was killed in an auto crash north of Humboldt late Friday died early Monday morn ing at Lutheran hospital here of injuries received in the same ac cident Miss Neppel suffered multiple fractures of both arms and legs as well as head injuries and did not regain consciousness after the accident Father Neppel was pastor of the Catholic church at St Benedict in Kossuth county SAME Black flaj meant trafllo deatb In past hoars Find Housing Situation Becoming Worse in Face of Soaring Birth Rate BY UNITED PRESS A survey of 20 American key ties showed Monday that the itions housing situation is be oming worse in the face of a oaring birth rate The survey disclosed that in 14 the 20 cities there was an actual lortage of 477233 dwelling units Tiat figure did not include the onsands living in hovels make lift homes and old army bar cks who are demanding better uarters Statistics of the national health institute that the in Washington showed nations birth jumped 95 births per rate has thousand over 1939 when it was 173 per 1000 Now it is 268 with 1211 161 babies in the first 4 months of 194T The figures pointed up the urg ency of the situation when set up alongside statistics on how many new dwellings are going up Con struction figures show only a trickle of construction as com pared to prewar building Con struction so far this year satisfied only about 15 per cent of the cur rent shortage Further complicating the situa tion few cities have enacted new rent control laws to meet the em ergency New York Citys freez ing hotel and lodging house rents as of June 30 may be followed in other communities The New York City law just signed by Mayor William 0 Dwyer rolls back the rent rates for permanent guests in hotels lodging houses and apartment hotels to the levels of June 30 when the old OPA regulations went off To classify as a permjf nent guest a person must have lived in the hotel or lodging house 30 days prior to June 30 The survey showed that evic tions were running into the thou sands and that the number ap peared on the increase Author ities in many of the cities said they saw no relief for years to come One said no chance of re lief until the next depression Some optimism in the long range future was read into an an nouncement in Washington that home building in the first 6 months of 1947 had reached the highest rate in 20 years It was reported that 362800 new perma nent homes were completed in the half year a rate just under that of 1928 when 753000 units were built The 1947 shortage how ever is far greater than in 1928 and the figures did little to ease the present situation the survey showed A congressional investi gation was in prospect PRESIDENTASKS DEFENSES TO BEAT INFLATION Chief Executive Says Production Running at Billion Yearly Washington ff President Truman said Monday the nation has surged to a pinnacle of un precedented prosperity but must strengthen its defenses against in flation In a special midyear economic report to congress the chief ex ecutive declared that production now is running at a rate of 000000000 a year far surpassing anything in history and added We can place the high produc tion and the high employment that we have today on a firm foundation of enduring prosperity and peace But threaded through the 30 000word document were 4 corn coal construction and com merce by Mr Truman as developments which mean that inflationary problems may become stronger Terming price reductions still necessary in many areas the pres ident said they must not be swamped in a wave of specula tion caused by the forecast of short corn crop or by a wave of new wage and price boosts pegged to John L Lewis coal contract settlement Mr Truman said there are as yet no grounds for real alarm nor for general speculative in creases in food prices arising from the forecast of a corn har vest 20 per cent below last years But in theevent real shortages should develop the report recom mended 1 Full publicity as to the true farm outlook perhaps including a campaign for strict economy in the use of some foods 2 Quick planning for conserva tion through export controls and possibly by renewing the govern ments recently lapsed power to control the amount of grain used by distillers and other processors Mr Truman renewed his plea of 10 days ago that coal steel and other industries forego immediate price increases until they test the real costs of the wage boost won by Lewis miners Stability in steel prices would be a wise economic policy for this industry as well as for the coun try the president declared whereas increases based on guesses and an exaggerated in terpretation could start another pricewage spiral in motion Another general surge price inflation would have only one re sharp recession which it is to everyones interest to pre vent Mr Truman said He added that price cuts and boosts in substandard pay rates are still needed as he said they were when the first economic re port was made in January but that meanwhile corporation prof its have gone on the new record heights It is evident the chief ex ecutive asserted that in many cases business profits are more than adequate to perrnit price re ductions or wage increases or some combination of both Mr Truman reassured industry however that he does not seek or expect a return to prewar price levels Construction and especially housing remains in some re spects our domestic problem No 1 Mr Truman said The general health of the econ omy so far has concealed the dan gers in high building costs and lagging construction he said ad ding But it is none too early to be concerned about a possible relapse of housing into its prewar state of chronic illhealth and insta bility As for foreign commerce exports have skyrocketed to an annual rate of cre ating some strain of shortages at home But foreign nations are running out of gold and dollars and exports must be expected to decline before the end of the year even if new foreign aid is granted Mr Truman asserted Too Much Sun for Hope Chicago OJR Comedian Bob Hope was too sick Monday even to wisecrack about how sick he was Hope was recuperating from a se vere sunburn and a mild respira tory infection The screen and ra dio star arrived here Saturday to confer with radio sponsors but a physician prescribed 3 or 4 days of complete rest He was forbid den to talk to newsmen ;