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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 21, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT Or HISTOBY AND OES UOINES It THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS jailed Press Full Leased Wii Cefite a Copy MASON IOWA SATURDAY JULY 21 1945 INSIDE WASHINGTON Richbergs Industrial Peace Plan Lauded by Columnist By HELEN ESSARY Central Press Correspondent Washington Donald Hich bergs battle to make labor be have and capital to watch its step may be agitating some employers j and employes but it makes sense to me Thats about my only cri terion of behavior nowadays does it make sense Richbere you may remember is the chairman ot the committee whicb drafted the Act to Pro mote Industrial Peace recently introduced in the senate by Sena tors Joseph Ball Harold Burton and Carl Hatch The bill is de scribed in elegant congressional language as an attempt to bring order into the confused labor pol icy of the federal government and to apply to both organized labor and employers a discipline com mensurate with their national re sponsibilities Undoubtedly Richberg and Sen ators Ball Burton and Hatch are going to be caught between Scvlla and Charybdis on this fine effort to bring a little reason into the labor problem Both labor and capital think You must be 100 per cent for you are my enemy Labor is inclined to be suspi cious of a helping hand that of fers other than shorter hours and more cash And capital is suspi cious of labors fair demands as a cloak for war on industry snd an increase of the political power of labor already greater than held by any organized or nomic class in the United States Before the Richberg bill is de bated I should like to suggest that its friends earnestly consider the subject of domestic labor Here is a most important matter too often sidestepped by labor and cap ital In the field of domestic labor housewives are capital And a mighty poor job for the most part we capitalists have made of our relationship with the workers in our homes Try as I will to be in a race with domestic workers it is the mood of the moment to be in a rage with domestic workers I cannot help but believe that we the housewives have brought much of the present confusion on our own should ers We have either given too much for too little or too little for too much Here indeed is a problem for women to properly consider It is so definitely our problem Per haps when the war is ended some of the women who have done such efficient war work will put their mind and their enthusiasm on solving the jumble of domestic service Here my clears Is a chance for real work And youd better be looking for something to do when the Red Cross and the AWVS no longer need your voluntary help TOKYO FEARS NEW NAVY STRIKE BIG 3 ANXIOUS TO PUSH AHEAD WITHPROBLEMS President Truman Eager to Return to U S Keeps Down Discussions Potsdam The big 3 held their 5th meeting Saturday the American delegation announced and much serious business has been done The work of the conference is going ahead the delegation re ported Since the first meeting on Tuesday the big 3 have met every day including Saturday and averaged almost 3 hours per meeting Foreign secretaries of the Unit ed States soviet Russia and Brit ain have been meeting every day since Monday putting in long hours and numerous committees and subcommittees also have been busy drafting reports for action by the big 3 Both President Truman anc Prime Minister Churchill were understood to be anxious to speec up deliberations The president is eager to return to Washington soon and is believ ed seeking to keep discussions down to a minimum with a view to quick decisions where there is a possibility of adjustment of dif ferences For his part Prime Minister Churchill wants to return to Lon don by July 26 in time for the announcement of the national elec tion returns and his associates are reported working toward the goal of concluding the conference in advance of that date Meanwhile another meeting be tween Churchill and Premier The Washington Ear reports that the republicans as they con sider Mr Trumans successes are Churchill Solutes Berlin Prime Minister Churchill flanked by highrank ing allied officers solemnly sa luted men of the famed British 7th armored desert rats division Saturday as they marched by in the Tiergarten in a display of the military might which carried them from El Alamein to the heart of Germany Cromwell tanks motortowed 25pounders and Bounching Bren carriers roared past the flag draped reviewing stand followed by precision ranks of infantrymen their fixed bayonets in neat rows of glinting steel getting a prospects mite upset over their at the next election However the republicans are counting on Bob Hannegan post master general to provide the mistakes they need for their cam paign fodder Undoubtedly Europe particu larly the continent of Europe is writhing in I do not enjoy the reports of plundering by United States soldiers brought back by the soldiers themselves If United States soldiers are plun dering in Germany or in any oth er conquered country it is the fault of their commanding offi cers who should stop such out rages by any measure London UPJ The trials of uropean war criminals will be Id in Nuernberg the nazi shrine ty where the German fascist arty met each year to lay the iundation for war it was re ealed Saturday American British and French elevations of the war crimes com mission which selected the site eft by the plane Saturday for uernberg to examine courtroom lid other facilities for the trials Decision to try the major Eur pean war criminals in the pic uresque German city where the azis held their annual party ongresses was a gesture ot retri ution Further details of preparations THE 44TH COMES of the 44th division crowd decks portholes and stand even in lifeboats as the Queen Elizabeth berths in New York after carrying 14567 home from European battlefronts AP K A engr Stalin was arranged for Saturday The imet privately at dinner Wednesday with only their inter preters present President Truman may possibly be insisting that any bargaining on conference proposals be predi cated upon Russian participation at least to some extent in the war against Japan It is regarded as obvious that he is presenting the American position as stemming irrevocably from the premise of saving American lives The negotiations here stiEI are clouded by official secrecy and it I is difficult to determine the ex of agreement reached thus Claim Hitler Eva Could Not in Sub Kiel German naval officials say Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun definitely could not have escaped to Argentina aboard the recently interned Uboat 530 Vice Admiral Eberhard Codt chief executive staff officer of Germanys Uboat fleet under Grand Admiral Karl DoenHz said Friday that the tT530 went to sea from Kiel or a Norwegian port probably March 3 from Kiel on Hitler was known to have been still in Germany later than that British intelligence officers said they were 99 per cent satisfied that Hitler and his girl friend did not escape by sea and that Adoif died in Berlin Godt said the U530 was never earmarked for any special Hitler mission He said as far as he knew there had never been any submarine plans for Hitlers es cape Vice Admiral Helmuth Heye one of Germanys greatest naval intelligence chiefs said I be lieve that Hitler died in the Ber lin chancellery It is impossible for a man like Hitler to live as an un known Mr X If he did not die in Berlin it would be impossible for both me and Doenitz not to know about it tent far In London diplomatic observ ers said that from the Potsdam meeting may emerge a United States foreign policy free from favoritism yet friendly toward all nations of good will Smaller na tions representatives were said to be counting heavily on the hope that President Truman would translate such a policy into a role for the United States as impar tial arbiter in Europes problems Saturdays big 3 session may be unusually long on the insistence of Mr Truman who has scruples against working on Sunday An early riser himself Mr Truman is said to be disappointed that most of the sessions of the big 3 are de layed until the late afternoon The best information emanating from the conference is that the genial president is making a hit with both Stalin and Churchill because of his informality and his aversion to pretense and flattering phraseology Deployment Timetable Paris is Saturdays redeployment schedule 2nd Infantry Division 23rd and 38th regiments home remainder expected to arrive shortly 5th Infantry Division llth regiment home bulk of the division ex pected shortly I3lh Armored Division Advance party home first elements of re mainder should start arriving in the United States late next week 9th Army Headquarters On the high seas first elements should reach port about a week from Saturday 20th Armored Division Advance party at sea main body expected to clear Le Havre Wednesday or Thursday 28th Infantry Division Advance party at sea remainder at Camp Old Gold in the Le Havre staging area 30th Infantry Division Advance units scheduled to leave Le Havre Sunday mam body being processed at Camp Oklahoma City in the Reims assembly area 35th Infantry Division Advance party awaiting shipment at Le Havre remainder at Heims assemblv area 45th Infantry Division Advance party at pected there by Tuesday party at Reims remainder ex Train Riding GIs to Test Pullman Shift Sleeping Four Persons Hurt After Auto Crash Sioux City Iowa ff Four persons were in Sioux City hos pitals Saturday one in a critical condition as a result of an auto mobiletruck collison here Fri day Kenneth Kuhlken 22 identi fied by police as driver of the car in which the other injured per sons were passengers was re ported in a critical condition with a fractured skull The other passengers reported in a fair were listed as Michaeleen Bossen IB and FRANCO MAKES CABINET SHIFT Replaces 2 Members Unfriendly to Faiange Madrid Francisco if Franco Generalissimo completed a longexpected shakeup of his cabinet Friday night appointing 5 ministers considered monarchist sympathizers but replacing 2 ma jor members of the government whose relations with the falange were known to be at least not friendly heaS of the Franco remained government Foreign Minister Jose Felix Le querica and Eduardo Aunos min istcr of justice neither of whom liked or were liked by the falange were replaced Falange Secretary General Jose Luis Arrese was dis placed through the elimination of his cabinet position minister without portfolio Franco said in a speech Tuesday that Spain was entering a pre paratory period for the return of a monarchy The 5 men named are Each Pair Assigned to Seats and Berths Washington GIs are going to test a plan ol sleeping in shifts in an effort to get more use out of the limitec number of pullmans available The army announced that it has authorized an experiment in ro tation sleeping on a troop train leaving Camp Kilmer N J Sun day for Fort Sam Houston Tex According to the plan a group of 512 soldiers just returned from overseas will be broken up into units of2 Each pair will be as signed 2 places on the a pullman berth the other a coach seat While one member of a pai sleeps in the berth the other wil ride in the coach seat When thi firsts sleeping shift is ended thi 2 will change places Army officials said their transy port officers will decide just how long each man is to have in the coach and how long in the pull man The war department said the guinea pig soldiers will be asked at Fort Sam Houston what they think of sleeping in shifts If their Buy your War BomTs and Stamps from your GlobeGizctto carrier bov her sister Patricia 18 and Pvt I considered to be monarchist sym Kermith Johnson 18 who was pathizers although none has had taken to the Sioux City army base the support of exiled Prince Don 1 hospital Nazi Trials in Nuernberg for the trials were expected when the delegations return to London Sunday The absence of Russian dele pates from the party flying to Nuernberg caused surprise The only explanation was that cir cumstances had arisen unexpect edly which made it impossible for the Russians lo make the trip The delegations visit to Nuern berg prompted speculation that the date for the first of the trials might be announced soon One ol the bigname nazi prisoners may be the first to face the court There was some speculation that it might be Reichsmarshal Her mann Goeiing HOUSE ADJOURNS UNTIL OCT 8 Washington house ad ournecl at p m Saturday until Oct 8 for its longest vacation the war House members will have an 11 veek respite from legislative duties unless summoned back earlier The house met only perlunc orily Saturday waiting for the senate to give assent to its ad ournment resolution Speaker Sam Rayuurn told re porters lie hoped it would not bo necessary to call members back before Oct 8 He did not gay what events might make it necessary to recall the house into session The senate will stay in session until it has voted on the united nations charter probably nexl week Chinese Are Near Former AAF Air Base Chungking News Agency frontline correspondents reported Saturday that one col umn of a Chinese 3prong drive against Kweilin has reached Tachiaotsun village less than a mile west of the former grea American airbase city Other Chinese troops storming un from the south have capturci 13 miles below Kwcil APAN CLAIMS TOLL OF 164 U S AIRCRAFT Tokyo Admits Japan Air Force Failed to Contest Carrier Fleet Guam claimed Sat rday that 164 U S carrier planes vere shot down over Japan be wcen July 10 and 18 and hinted Adm William F Halseys battle leet was heading back to nippon o resume its airsea bombard nent The Japanese radio without confirmation said 161 arrier plunes were brought down ud more than JOO damaged out of aggregate total of approximate y 4800 launched from the 3rd leets carriers against Honshu Aussies Push Japs in Drive for Oil Field Manila troops iressed Japanese forces back long the Samarindia pipeline on iorneos southeast coast Satur lay fighting toward the rich oil irize of the Koetai delta The Koetai delta area around he mouth of the IVIahakam river and the oilfields around Sam bodja to the south before the war produced over 7000000 barrels a Japanese units showed a sur prising reluctance lo fight per laps husbanding their strength for an allout blow In the Brunei bay area south east of Beaufort Australian troops easily smothered a Japanese counterattach ot less than com pany strength Gen Douglas KacArlhurs com munique said that Okinawabased bombers and fighters struck Shanghai for the second succes sive day hitting five airfields as well as dock areas and shipping They destroyed or damaged 9 grounded planes Along the IndoChina coast other planes strafed locomotive and boxcars and shot up a smal coastwise freighter Senate Puts Approval on FoodProgram Washington senate put the final stamp of approval Saturday on United States mem berhsip inrfhe united nations food and agriculture organization It adopted by vnice vote a houseapproved joint resolution authorizing this nations partici pation in the international organi zation to pool agricultural and market knowledge The resolution also authorizes the appropriation of as the American contribution to the organization in its first fiscal year and 31250000 a year thereafter The United States will be the 24th to join out of the 45 nations which drew up the organization at Hot Springs Va in 1D44 Designed as a factfinding and advisory body the organization vould pool the best knowledge and experience on nutrition ag ricultural production marketing and farm fishery and forest re sources in in central Kwangsi province The Chinese communique dc clarecl that Japanese forces wer battling furiously to hold tliei perimeter around Kweilin bu that Chinese fighting units hn repulsed all enemy counterattack from the outer defenses wes northwest and northeast of th town In Fukien province Chines Iroops have launched flanking al lacks against Japanese columns i the area southwest ol Amoy in flicting considerable casualties Japanese troops apparently wer continuing their withdrawal north ward but grimly determined hold Jtweilin until the last po sible moment possibly for reason of prestige Buy your War Bonds ana Stamps from your GlobeGazette listed regulars servin carrier boy NAVY CONSIDERS DISCHARGE PLAN navy has under consideration Saturday a discharge system for older officers and enlisted men based only on age and length ol service In announcing the tentative plan the navy estimated a total of 30600 officers and men would be eligible for discharge under the system by next December The minimum points needed range from 53 to 57 depending on the branch in which the men are serving Under the plan a mans service age is computed by allowing one point for each year of his age to hig nearest birthday plus addi tional points for each 4 months of active duty since Sept 1 1339 Reserve officers of the line en listed reservists inductees and en dcspite ex U S SUBS SINK 11 MORE SHIPS Washington States submarines have sunk 11 more en emy vessels including 4 small combat ships in far eastern wat ers the navy announced Saturday The combatant ships included 2 minesweepers and 2 patrol escort vessels Noncombatant craft claimed in the latest toll included i large cargo transport a medium trans port 3 small merchant vessels a small freighter and a medium freighter The announcement raised to 1174 the total Japanese vessels 61 i all types xvhich have fallen prey i to United States submarines since the start of the war The total in cluded 144 combatant ships sunk and 1030 noncombatant vessels sunk Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy and continued warm Saturday night and Sunday Possibly light showers late Saturday night and Sunday morning loiva Partly cloudy and con tinued warm Saturday Satur day night and Sunday Minnesota Partly cloudy in north portion and cloudy with scat tered showers in south portion Saturday night Sunday partly pired enlistments would need 53 points for discharge Reserve officers of supply would need 55 points while civil engineer reserve officers would need 57 The navy explained the higher scores were necessary because those 2 branches have fewer offi cers Regular navy officers are not included in the program except when they are temporary offi cers with a regular enlisted status The critical computed age score is subject to change if ex perience warrants In making the announcement the navy stressed the fact that the DES MOINES CLUB CLOSES DCS Moines Club 100 an object ot investigations by the county attorneys office and the office of price administration wil close its doors Saturday night its operators Dave Fidler and Rich Kennclley have announced The announcement came Fri day nijfht as She OPA filed an ac tion lo suspend the club from dealing in rationed commodities illeginfr in a complaint thst the club had obtained meats fats fish oils processed foods arid sugar without surrendering ra tion points The Club 100 became the 3rd Polk county night club to shut its cloovs since Constable Basil Grossnicklcs first raid June 22 and win leave the county area pr ram is not in any sense a de nui Ill dllj1 QCltat it w cloudy with scattered showers I mobilization plan There will b IN MASON CITY iitiiin wi OiCUJJtllS 11 Uieil fi report is favorable it added the GlobeGazette vveather statistics ll1 Maximum Fririav an no reduction of the 3389000 navy manpower strength Juan or any monarchist groups civilians army might adopt the plan The army said the system would make more coach and pullman space available for soldiers and Maximum Friday 89 Minimum Friday 73 At 8 a m Saturday 77 YEAR AGO Maximum 73 Minimum 45 Name Airport Head Minot X Dak UB i Holler secretary of the Minol J park board Saturdav had named Walter M Blake Miami Fla i manager of the Minot airport without shows a spot featuring floor The Muinlincr night club shut clown sometime ago and the Pastime club has closed its doors for 2 weeks while employes take a vacation Manager Al De Carlo reported All 3 have been raided by Grossnickle and his men and Hokkaido Tokyo said most the U S planes were brought down by round fire another tacit admis sion that the Japanese air force did npt contest the U S carrier leet There has been no announce ncnt of any American losses hi Adm Chester W Nimitz com muniques There was uo official word from fleet headquarters on the where abouts ot Halseys armada since t broke off the shelling of Tokyo bay early Thursday morning But Japanese broadcasts said the American and British war ships perhaps 150 strong had re armed and refueled at a secret Pacific rendezvous and were ex pected to return to the attack at any time At the same time the enemy boasted of new secret weapons awaiting the allied raiders and a naval spokesman declared that the remnants of the imperial fleet would shortly be thrown into ac tion for one last blow Swarms of U S army war planes from Two Jima and Okina wa meanwhile carried the pre Invasion bombardment through its 15th straight day Friday with ieries of slashing attacks on Hon hu and the southern island of Kyushu Gen Douglas MacArthurs Oki nawabased airpower joined in he assault on Honshu for the first ime when a lone B24 Liberator oombed the Miho airfield on the iouthern part ot the main island At the same time a fleet of 94 ith air force Mustang fighters iew 1600 miles roundtrip from Avo to strafe airfields and aircraft factories in the NagoyaOsaka area of Honshu Striking in successive waves he Mustangs beat up the area with rockets and machine gun fire meeting no aeriaV opposition and only moderate antiaircraft re They spotted only 12 grounded merny planes during the hour long sweep aid destroyed one and probably a 2nd of those damaging 3 others Eight river boats and2 larger coastal ships also were at tacked and damaged Three Mus tangs were shot down by the Japanese flak Fifth air force raiders from Okinawa were over Kyushu in force throughout the day bomb ins and strafing airfields railroad waterfront installations and factories near Kushokino and Miyakonojo Another 200 heavy and medium bombers and fighters from Mac Arthurs command ripped up 5 airdromes and dock facilities at Shanghai in their 2nd straight raid on the Chinese port Large fives were set all over the target area and 9 grounded Japanese planes were destroyed or dam aged An unusually brief communique from Fleet Admiral Chester W Nimitz headquarters said planes of fleet air wing 18 set a small coastal vessel afire off the south ern const of Honshu and damaged a mediumsized freighter Okinawa dispatches said the Japanese had resumed their aerial nuisance raids on that area al though on a relatively small scale Two enemy planes were shot clown by antiaircraft fire Wednes day night and 3 more crashed in the area Thursday night causing minor damage There was no indication that the Japanese had brought into action their boasted new weapon apparently a variation of theBaka piloted bombs Tokyo said it was being produced in large quantities and saved for the opportune mo ment presumably the invasion 18 Inch Alligator Takes Over Train Cheyenne Wyo an 18inch alligator slipped ou1 of his box in a Pullman car the other night and slithered in ou and around lower berths while Harrisburg sign at an eight trainmen coaxed elevator in a state office building Albert who had been pur reads Ring down if you want to chased in Honda by a train pus go up sengcr finally was captured andi The signal device got out ot put in a large bucket of water I whack recently WRONG WAY ;