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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 20, 1963, Mason City, Iowa V C f Harry Truman not surprised by RussiaRed China rift jt i8 tweenCommunist Russia and ship to travel all the way to It teredl1 INDEPENDENCE I wan the world horizon from my outpost here at fee library in Independence Mo the pros pects for peace in our times are far from reassuring Yet there are indications that if the Soviets continue on their present course a lessening of tensions could come to pass leading to the end of the Cold War and eventual disarmament It is apparent that the men in the Kremlin now realize somewhat belatedly that they have misjudged the character and intentions of their Red China partners Communist Russia considers itself the origi nator and leader of the vast un dertaking of communizing the 2 ships hit Fear 30 dead world But China thinks 5t is test qualified to lead because it alone practices pure Leninist Marxist doctrine have I think yet to learn how badly they have misjudged the nature and character of their subjects and that in the long run they face great difficulties and certain overthrow of their totalitarian regimes Education is the ruination of totalitarian ism Anyway both Russia and China have misrepresented their system as being the Dic tatorship of the whereas they are in fact a mill tary Dictatorship to the Pro letariat I am therefore not greatly surprised at the growing rift be tween Communist Russia and Red China By all the accounts in history these two are as ir reconcilable as let us say the Union of South Africa and its approach to the colored races There are no countries where the people are clamoring for a Communist dictatorship and there never were It was al ways imposed through a betray al of revolutions and a military takeover as in the case of Cuba Even before the end of the war we tried our best to reach some understanding to work out peace keeping arrange ments with the Communist leaders without compromising basic principles This was the reason President R o o s e velt risked serious physical hard ship to travel ail the way to Velta and this was why I went to Potsdam for conferences with Stalin Church i I and Attlee We hoped we could reason with them But when we discovered as I did after Potsdam and all dur ing my administration that they had no respect for treaties and that they broke them when it suited their purpose we real ized that we were dealing with a government we could not trust It was clear that these people had no patience with reason or only re spected strength And we had to get strong and stay strong This is how the armaments race grew into monstrous propor tions QUEBEC CITY UPI The ore carrier Tritonica sank Sat urday in the St Lawrence Riv er after colliding in fog with a British freighter and at least 30 crewmen were feared dead Quebecprovincial police re ported that 10 bodies had been recovered seven hours after the accident and at least 20 crewmen were still missing Six injured seamen were re ported on a rescue boat headed for Quebec City The Tritonica tentatively identified as a 12863ton 527 foot Britishowned vessel col lided with the 6153ton 454 foot freighter Roonagh Head whose home port is Dublin about 1 am CST off the vil lage of Petit Riviere St Fran cois The scene is about 40 miles east of Quebec City Authorities said the area was foggy at the time but the cause of the collision was not immediately known All available rescue s h i p s rushed to the scene The Fed eral Transport Departmeijt marked the collision scene with that other vessels could around the sunken Tritonica The transport department be gan an immediate investigation of the collision Fear strike of railroads will occur WASHINGTON AP Con gress is tooling up to move promptly on President recommendations to avert a na tionwide railroad strike but few members think it can act in week Congressional committee staffs have done considerable research and hearings are expected to starl in both branches within a day or so after Kennedy sends up his proposals on Monday time needed to pass a law wil depend on the depth of the Presi dents recommendations Sen Lister Hill DAla chair man of the Senate Labor Com Under an agreement made a the White House July 10 the car riers agreed to hold off instituting new work eventuallj It it incredible that people who insist that only communism is capable of cur ing al ills of the world will not face up to the fact that Marx Engels and Lenin never en visioned the marvelous scien tific and technological advances achieved in recent years and they could not have anticipated the coming of the atomic age and the innumerable opportu nities as well as the dangers that followed from that devel opment Today we see that the cleav age between the two Commu nist powers have come into the open I believe that the West has at long last reason to hope that out of all Uiis may come some relaxation of tensions and possibly a realignment of forces between East and West What to bo happening is that the Russians find them selves unable lo expand their already vast empire in pithcr TRUMAN NIKITA or West They are checked by China on tlio East and they were halted in their probings by a strong Europe on the West Now when dictatorships begin to feel restless from an attack of claustrophobia they usually make trouble for their neighbors But if they are con fronted by conditions that aggression too risky they will about face and use discretion instead This is the situation with men in the Kremlin as I see it in the light of current develop ments and while I would not trust their motives if they had a choice I would be inclined lo regard their willingness to cooperate as more credible if it were proposed out of neces sity But we of the West arc having Please turn to page 2 The newspaper that makes all North lowans neighbors G MASON CITY HOME EDITION VOL 193 MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY JULY M UOe Paper Contois of Two rnternalional TutT Lfaw Associated Press andUnited Press NO m MOSCOW deological talks ended in ob vious failure here Saturday with apparent firm rejection by Mos THE KENNEDY CLAN AT Am A uii rnOtOtax ident John F Kennedy Bright background and George L to R Atty Gen other members of the Kennedy family pose on steps Kennedy Mrs other members of the Kennedyfamily pose oilsteps of St Francis Church in Hyannis following thechris tening of Atty General Robert Kennedys eighth tf f f Tff JJ A A KennedyMrs Sargent Shriver Richard Cardinal Gushing of Boston who baptized the child and Mrs Peter Lawford the childs godmother Thousands jam Maine r TOF W BAR HARBOR Maine UPI of persons crowded Legislators said length of this seashore resort Saturday to WB y L vi f 11IV Negro Jeaders said Saturday Negro leaders were angered tKor tinii when it appeared that a State watch natures most spectacular space show a total eclipse of the sun What they will see when the moonmoves between the sun they will resume demonstrations in Chespeakc Bay fishing town Saturday night and the Nation al Guard said they would be stopped and the earth depends on one of natures most unpredictable But there was some hope that U Weather Bureau tf Congress showed a coitions for viewing the tion to act by that time the woud too roads and unions might again favora throughout NewEng dfvide nncfrroui tK because of considerable decide to postpone the showdown of Under an aiireement made cloudiness which was expected to invade the area this after noon Thousands apparently were also agreed not to call a strike before then 11 n a T MW TTtlt would eliminate 65000 jobsUaiti wHlfngto take a chance on New July 29 The five operating unions Englands fickle weather for a 11 glimpse of the eclipse which will reach totality here at p m EOT Claim to know identity of official at party Bulletin WASHINGTON bor Secretary W Willerd Wirti Saturday summoned vrwon and meneftment te meet 10 a renewed off oil te the fewryeereM reed rules dispute North Iowa Weather outlook Generally fair Setyrdey end Sunday with KtHe temeere ture cheneje Lewi Seturdey In eH Swndey in mM fH fWeetner defeih on pete 2 Negroes to scorn troops and march CAMBRIDGE Md UPI integration wnen il aPPeared that a State this little Bar meditation ommittee would not arrive in ambridge Saturday They also were upset by a t a t e w i d e radio television The racial strife moved to ward a new climax as about 450 additional National Guard troops including some guer rillatrained special forces rolled intoCambridge leaders filed a formal request with the National Guard tar permission to demonstrate but it was turned down by Guard officerswho have banned such action as part of the lim ited martial law imposed to keep order in the city They turned in a written re quest that they be permitted to demonstrate said Brig Gen George Gelston head of the guard units We cannot agree to any demonstrations in the town of Cambridge under pres ent conditions But one Negro leader Stan ley Branche emerged from the meeting to declare We toid him we were going to demon ATHENS Athens strate and he said he was going p e e c h by Gov J MiJIard Tawes Friday night and said they wereready to renew the demonstrations which have led to fighting and shooting Gelston said the demonstra tors would be arrested RELEASE BISHOPS Communist zcchoslovakia Saturday an nounced the release of three Roman Catholic Bishops from prison in apparent sign of in creasing satellite tolerance to ward the Vatican newspaper claimed Saturday i had learned the identity of a top British government official who allegedly attended a wild sex party wearing only a mask an apron around his waist and his shoes The afternoon newspaper Niki published a story from its Lon don correspondent naming the now infamous masked waiter assertedly involved in Britains sexandsecurity scandal as a member of Prime Minister Harold MacMUlani govern ment to stop Us Well be in touch with him some more Satur day Branche indicated however that the Negro leaders mighl be willing to discuss the situa tion with Maryland Atty Gen Thomas Finan who was report ed enroute to Cambridge The new troops which moved in Saturday will serve eventual ly as relief forces for guards men ordered into Cambridge last week However the origi nal detachment of 450 men will remain until the situation eases four days of quiet the inside The Globe KILLER VIOLATIONS Czechs SllpPOlt target of new patro Nikita in split DEATH TOLL grows a Ch na with t healing ui jJteUJCIUL ow of Pekings position that coexistence and wantcdnuclear var and revolution are neceswar is sary for the advance of world communism Soviet Premier Nikita Khrush chev was giving a formal fare veil dinner Saturday for the Chinese who were expected to eave for home as soon as pos sible thereafter The two sides held last of some 15 days of hard talking Saturday Authoritative sources said the talks carried out in a frigid at mosphere with almost nakec insults by both sides outside the conference room ended withou healing the split Khrushchev did not sit in on the talks but he revealed to W Averell Harriman Presidem Kennedys special envoy to the nuclear test ban talks that he wouldattend what sounded like a farewell dinner for them We are giving a dinner to the Chinese delegates Saturday night Khrushchev said A little earlier Khrushchev had delivered another personal rebuke to the Chinese by toast ing RussianIndian friendship at an Indian trade exhibition The Soviet Premier praised the peace loving til recently engaged in border war started by Chinese Commu nists alarming rate in low Page 3 MASON CITY proposed tax levy up 114 mills Page 15 THE KING of the hoboes Ben Benson dies Page 20 Editorials 4 with Chinese MOSCOW Czecho Slovak Communist party has swung its full support behind the Kremlin in the bitter ideo logical conflict Communis China the official Soviet news agency said Saturday in a dis patch from Prague Tass said the Czech party is Clear Lake news Church news 5 07 Society news 89 Sports news1112 Latest markets 14 Mison City news1415 Comics H Transport timetable 18 Classified pages North Iowa mws 20 sued a statement denouncing the We of Leona Smock 36 the attacks by Chinese Com munist leaders on the Leninis policy of the Soviet party Communist China announcer Friday the Czech government had expelled three Chinese jour nalists for distributing antiSo viet literature The Czech state not mention the incident Only Friday Khrushchev de lounccd Chinese war mongcr ng and said that anyone who ipposed the policy of peaceful a coward The SinoSovict talks called m an attempt to breach a widen ing ideological chasm between Moscow and Peking seemed doomed to failure from their opening day 15 days ago Test pact in sight says K MOSCOW Ni kita Khrushchev declared Sat urday thlt is in sight on a par tial nuclear test ban accord by the Soviet Union the United States and Britain Speaking at a Kremlin recep tion after a new meeting of the 3 to get awards for life saving threepower Moscow nuclear talks Khrushchev said The talks are going welL No obstacles have been encoun tered so far if they continue as they have so far agreement s in sight Authoritative diplomatic sour cs saidearlier that US Brit sh and Russian negotiators en couraged by Khrushchevs new peace offers had made contin ued progress in the sixth ses ion of the nuclear Saturday The sources said the atmos phere at the negotiating session eflected the air of optimism ontaincd in Khrushchevs maj 4BUJ 3k I CLEAR LAKE Awards for or Kremlin speech Friday volunteer and m e r i t o rious service will be made at p m Aug 3 by Gov Harold E Hughes at the Governors Day celebration The presentations will be made at the band concert in City Park A Life Saving Award will go LO Andrew M Hansen Algona or saving the lives of Karla Dietrich 5 and her brother Daniel Dietrich 8 Algona by rescuing them from their smoke filled homeOct 15 1962 They are the children of Mr and Mrs Edward Dietrich Algona Life Saving Awards to Steven Lensch 16 and Charles Goltz 18 both of Decorah for savin corah from drowning in the Upper Iowa River March 36 1963 Steven is the son of Mr and Mrs Harry Lenach Jr De corah Charles is the son of Mr ami Mrs Charles Goltz of Shelby Mont and has been living with W Jill ment as quoted by Tass did his aunt Mrs Eunice Grocery i AM Ii in Decorah Training device leaps building Son Francisco is bombed SAN FRANCISO AP A Navy attack bomber dropped a bomb by mistake on crowded downtown Market Street Friday during the noon rush to lunch The pale blue bomb was a prac tice one The gunpowder in it didnt explode And it hit nobody But it caused plenty of excite ment I used to fly a bomber in Italy said Policeman Norman Ronnebcrg I never expected lo get bombed in the streets of San Francisco It looked like a shotgun had blowna threeinch hole through my office window said Bob Cuy ler of Menlo Park an executive on the seventh floor of the eight story glasswalled IBM Building The 25pound bomb came loose as Lt R A Kiner of Anaheim Calif headed his A4A Skyhawk toward a landing at Alameda Naval Air Station after a practice bombing run over Californias Central Valley The bomb falling 25000 feet missed the crowded sidewalks and gouged a hole in the Middle of Market Street a foot wide and four inches deep Then it bounced in a 300foot arc over a fivestory building while a fragment hit Cuylers seventhfloor office Next the Mark 76 Model 5 bomb tore a chunk of concrete from a cornice on the fourth floor of the Phoenix Building on Pine Street more than a block away Then it thudded to the street and bounced against a Pacific Gas Electric Co truck in which three workmen were eating sandwiches We heard the thump said ono startled workman Cleo Fain of San Bruno I got out of the truck and there was the tail piece of this bomb on the street about 10 feet away Boy next time eat lunch withhDur hard hats on In his speech Friday Khrush chev said he also wants a non aggression agreement between he North Atlantic Treaty Or ganization and its Communist lounterpart the Warsaw Pact He first tied the two together in a July 2 speech in East Berlin Realizing a package deal vould encounter rough sledding ie opened a new way to ncgo iations by saying We think hat he question of the form of the nonaggression pact can c solved without any great clif riculties to the mutual satisfac tion of both sides The most im portant thing is not the form but the content The most important thing is ror each side to display a will ingness to case tensions and to liquidate the state of the cold war Khrushchev said the nonag gression pact together with an agreement to prevent surprise nuclear attacks would be most acceptable to him and would be received with great satisfac tion by world public opinion Washingtons immediate reac tion was to ask to see the nu clear test ban agreement spelled out before proceeding with Khrushchevs other proposals Valerian Zorin Soviet deputy foreign minister told a reporter the test ban talks may conclude by the middle or end of next week The talks which began July 15 originally were expected to last about 10 days SAME DATE 1W2 73 Iowa Sifety Dtpkrtmeul OJick Flay Meins In Put 24 Hour i ;