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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 20, 1953, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Daily Newspaper Edited for the Home MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH I O W A N S N E I G H O R S HOME EDITION VOL LIX Associated Press and United Tress Full Lease Wires Seven Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JULY 20 1953 This tnrxr CntwIsU o Two UM No 141 Three Y rs Nearing an E One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor Gettysburg Recollections a graphic sense of commun ing with the past I recom mend a visit to the Gettysburg battlefield To be even more spe cific I recommend Spanglers Spring on that historic and pic turesque site where in a threeday battle just 90 years ago the Ameri can Union was preserved The water bubbles in that spring near the base of Gulps Hill just as it did on the nights of July 1 and 2 in 1863 when wearers of the Confederate Gray and wearers of the Union Blue met and chatted as brothers at the end of a day of bit ter fighting over the rugged ter rain nearby Although military authorities minimize and indeed some even deny the fraternizing which took place around Spanglers Spring there is a wealth of evidence that it did take place Many a veteran of both sides has returned to the site of the bloodiest battle ever fought on American soil and sought out the spring for a soulsatisfying recollection of a fleeting triumph of the human instinct for peace over the passions of war Where Lincoln Stood Another spot at Gettysburg which seems to bring our yesterdays to life is the National Cemetery not far away A giant monument marks the exact place where Abraham Lincoln stood when he delivered what has come to be regarded as one of historys truly great ex amples of spoken literature You stand on the crest of that hill and look out upon the broad valley separating Cemetery Ridge from Seminary Ridge The scene you reflect must be much as it was on that cheerless November day in 1863 when Lincoln almost in the role of intruder delivered his masterpieceAn impressive scrolltype monument nearby me moralizes the Lincoln address In this it is unique In downtown a town of 5000 now as against the 2000 who lived there when the battle was found there are re minders of the Lincoln visit One is the quaint little Maryland Western Railroad station un changed in 90 years another is the hotel room nearby where Lincoln put the finishing touches on his brownpaper manuscript Another Link With Past My feelings as I visited these hallowed places was not unlike the feeling I had some twenty years or so ago when I put my hand into the very spring which supplied the Lincoln household with drinking water at the sainted Presidents Hodgenville Ky birthplace Here was a continuous link with the pasl like unto Spanglers Spring al though I learned that during drought in 1930 the Spanger Spring went dry After youve exhausted the hu maninterest aspects the Gettys burg National Park you have to come to grips with the sobering fact that youre moving about on one of historys greatest battle fields Two North with 85000 men the South with 75000 each other in battle unto three bloodj days When the fighting was ended 23000 boys in Blue were dead or maimed as against 20000 boys in gray The Confederate Army un der the leadership of Robert E Lee licked its wounds and headec back across the MasonDixon line eight miles away never again to threaten the North with invasion Union forces under Gen George Gordon Meade merely held their ground Two Main Ridges Involved Although the battle was one o Infinite complications worthy of a lifetime study by those with a spe cialized interest in things military it can be dealt with here in rathe simple and understandable terms Heres how it presents itself to an amateur observer such as myself from some vantage point say Little Round Top Hill a Union strong hold The two armies were paired of against each other on more or less parallel ridges Seminary Ridge named for a Lutheran school for the training of Lutheran pastors was occupied by the Confederates Cemetery Ridge socalled because it contained the little communitys CONTINUED ON PACE 2 GlobeGazette photo by Musscr HAIL THE DERBY Gary Smith 11 son of Mr and Mrs Chet Smith 1019 Taylor NW Sunday won the acclaim of thousands of spectators when he out raced 51 other boys to win the 1953 Mason City Soap Box Derby But the first to greet him after the final heat above was Judy Kay Zotzmann reigning Soap Box Der by queen Young Smith beatbut Lariy Nutting 13 in the finals for the right to enter the National Derby in Akron P next month See picture storyon Page 15 Some Are Skeptical Hope to God Its Soldier Says ON THE GOAT TRAIL Korea faint smile broke on the tired soldiers face I hope to God they do he said quietly Ive just about lost hope but 1 hope to God we sign a truce this time Those were the words of Cpl Guy 24 of Metter Ga Berrie Baby when hc was told thfttSun Electrocuted Douglas John Berrie 9month old son of Mr and Mrs Edwin E Berrie 222 14th NW was elec trocuted about pm Monday after grabbing a wire while he was crawling across a hoiair register Mrs Beirie said Douglas must have had wethands and was play ing at the time of the accident Attendants reported that the baby was dead on arrival at the hos pital The mishap occurred on the first floor of the Berrie home All About The Weather Mason City Partly cloudy through Tuesday Occasional thunder showers Iowa Partly cloudy warm and humid Tuesday cloudy i I li scattered showers GlobeGazette weather data up to 8 am Monday Maximum 9G Minimum 67 At 8 am 81 Reefs Engulf Two Vital Posts Marines Try to Stem Tide SEOUL W Recklesslyattack ing Chinese engulfed two vital Western Front outposts defended by U S Marines Sunday night and he first Leatherneck survivors staggered back to Allied lines Mon day In their last act before their ra dio went dead the trapped Ma rinesback in the battlelines only three in their own artillery on top of them in a des perate effort to halt the violent on slaught The number of Marines in the battle was not immediately re leased Fourteen Leathernecks of the 1st Marine Division were the first known survivors of the bloody bat ties for outposts East Berlin and Berlin part of a key hill area on the Western Front Fatigued and wan they stag gered back into Marine lines How they gotout was not learned im mediately It was assumed they worked their way down the bloodied slopes after the Reds left the hill during daylight They said more Marines may still be alive in the battered bunk ers and shellripped trenches on the outposts Allied fighterbombers and Ma rine guns pounded the hills relent lesslybut there was no immediate move to retake them MAURICE J TOB1N Maurice Tpbin Dead at 52 SCiTUATE Mass eral services will be heldTuesday for Maurice J Tobin former Bos ton mayor Massachusetts gover nor and secretary of labor in the Truman cabinet The boy wonder of Massachu setts politics died unexpectedly of a heart seizure in his wifes arms Sunday at their summer home here He was 52 House Body Will Listen to Matthews WASHINGTON 0 The House UnAmerican Activities Committee agreed Monday to give J B Mat thews a chance to prove his claim that Communists and fellow trav elers have infiltrated among Prot estant clergymen Matthews under heavy fire dur ing his brief tenure as executive director for the Seriate Investigat ing Subcommittee headed by Sen McCarthy had asked the House group to let him give ex haustive documentation of his allegations Chairman Velde RI11 an nounced the committees action but said no lime was set for Mat thews appearance Velde said hc believes Matthews will not be heard until October Velde refused to give any de tails op the committee action bul a committee member who askerJ that his name not be disclosed told reporters the decision was on a 6 to 3 vote There archive Re publicans and four Democrats on the committee Velde said the committee did not decide whetherMatthews is to be heard in open or closed session He said however the investiga tor will be held to testimony re garding facts to support his charges lays agreement at Panmunjom arought the world one step nearer a Korean armistice Williams seemed typical of manj sleepless men who came to the dusty goat trail last week to help top the giant Chinese offensive it the Kumsong River bulge There was still the same oh skepticism which American Gl have held for months I wont believe it until I sc it said a 21yeaiold private Ed gar Anderson of 612 Prairie St Grinnell Iowa But the sevenday Kumsom River battle the biggest in tw Hopeful Cautious WASHINGTON istration officials were optimis tic about an early Korean truce Monday but they kept their en thusiasm in check for fear a new hitch might develop at the last minute The State Department with held official comment pending a thorough study of the Commu nists lengthy note offering to re sume preparations for an armis tice signing But officials were understood to feel the savage threeyearold war could end in as little as three days or a week But they were cautious about pinning down the date because of possible complication President Elsenhower at his retreat In the Catoctin Moun tains 60 mites from here when the Communists announced their latest decision Sunday His press secretary James C Hageriy said he would have no immedi ate comment Top experts on the truce negotiations spent most of Sun day at the State Department going over the Red note sentence by sentence years left fighting men exhausted disgusted and grabbing for an hope When truce hopes were high i past months American fighlin men often were cynical Or if thct showed any belief their first qucs tion was When will we g home But the tired goat trail soldier who have seen real war in th Kumsong bulge not the stale mated fighting over outposts of th past 18 months did not ask o home Monday Instead the ncai ness of death occupied their minds Theres a convincing argumen for a truce said Sgt Cliffor Veaudoin 28 of Wallingford Conn He pointed down a draw where blanket hid the body of a Negr lieutenant who was sprawled i death under a blistering sun fo five days before he was found Save Thousands in Japan Flood TOKYO of Japa nese were rescued Monday from d e b r i floodwaters a ground sea and air teams workc feverishly to cut the human toll i the nations second great flood dif aster in three weeks plmlo by Msiasev NEW AM VET OFFICERS North lowans wcvo among a dozen Iowa Amvets elected to high posts Sunday at the closing session oC the eighth annual department convention held in Maaon City New eomniundcr is Ben Shell Hock whose is retiring presi dent of the Womens Auxiliary Kroma succeeds Robert Douglas Mason City Elected adjutant was Marvin Mc Kee Mason City while Margaret Erskine Clear Lake was elected vice commanderatUirge Mrs Earl Fletcher Des Moines was chosen to head the Auxil iary during the coming year DCS Moines wns selected as the convention site in 195 See story Page 10 Courthouse Bond Election Aug 24 Cerro Gordo County voters will decide Aiig 24 whcthei new courthouse annex shall be built The board of supervisors Monday set that date 1or the special election on the bond issue which would finance the construction Ttiree Stories The proposed annex Ayould three stories high with the heating plant in the base ment and the jail on the top floor It would face Washington NW and attach to the northwest corner of the present courthouse which would remainunchanged The annex also would contain the offices of the county auditor treasurer and recorder on the ground floor and the clerk of be courts office courtrooms judges chambers jury rooms and confer ence rooms on the second floor Another Addition All other offices would remain in the old building The architects plans however include floor plans for an addition to the northeast on 2nd NW which could be built in the future to house those offices which now would remain in tho old building A GO per cent majority is sary to approve a bond issue REPRESENTS IOWA IOWA CITY Weiss 17 Vinton winner of the Iowa TeenAge RoadEO driving con test here Saturday will represent the state at the national contest in Washington D C Aug 1116 SAME BUck flar memii trafflo In past 24 hours Minnesota Man Killed Near Osage Death One of 10 Over Weekend OSAGE Calvin D Weed 20 Brownsdalc Minn was killed Sui day afternoon when the auto h was driving went oul of contro on Highway 218 eight miles soutl east of Osage Injured were Mr and Mrs Pai Schmidt nnd 0wcckold son Ricl ard Wayne Mr and Mrs Schmidt suffcrc only bruises and contusions an were released Sunday from th Mitchell County Memorial Hos pital The baby wns held for ol servation The auto in which the four wcr riding went off the paving on t an unfinished shoulder accordin to drivers of cars behind Wccr WhenWeed attempted to bring th car back on to the paving wit nesses said the cap turned ovc five times and alighted on the pav ing Weed was thrown out of the car Dr R L Whitlcy Mitchell Count coroner said death was instantan cous Weeds death was one of registered in the state over Satur day and Sunday as Iowa cxpcr cnced its second consccutiv tragic weekend The 10 deaths raised the slate motor vehicle death toll to 284 Report on Eisenhowers First Six Months in Office EDITORS Eisen hower Administration took over just six month ago this day with his inaugural What has been accomplished since then The Globe Gazettes Editorial Re search bureau in Washington has taken hard look at that ques tion and come up with the follow ing report WASHINGTON The Great Crusade conceived in the presi dential campaign of 1952 and born on Inauguration Day is six months old and the milestone makes appropriate some totting up of accounts How well has the Eisenhower administration followed in world affairs the steady course between an as sertion of strength that istrucu lent and a confession of helpless ness that is cowardly How well in affairs at home has the new team trod a middle way between untrammelled freedom of the individual and the de mands for the welfare of the whole nation Foreign Policy A truce in Korea would cap the halfyear record of the administration energies have been concentrated in that direction Also in the Far East little has come from the unleashing of Chiang Kai sheks Chinese Nationalists on Formosa As for Europe the ad ministrations most solid victory appears to have been getting France and Great Britain to agree to a Big Four conference of foreign ministers rather than heads of states Most spectacu lar action Offer of US surplus food to the hungry East Ger mans The appointment of a woman as ambassador to Italy on the eve of Italian elections was called both helpful and harmful The CabineUThe Eisenhower Cabinet is made up of eight Re publicans one Independent Mrs one Democrat Six came from busi ness McKay of Interior had been a businessman before en lering public two from the law one farm marketing one from labor The President pre sumably looks upon all of them as middlevvayers Certainly none comes from left ol center several of them have been char acterized as right of center The program of be enacted by July 4 was agreed upon by President Eisenhower and Republic an leaders in Congress on Feb 9 At this writing final action has come on less than half the major proposals Postponement to next years session seems certain for widen ing of social security coverage Hawaiian statehood and Taft Ilarllcy Act amendment One regular appropriations bill TreasuryPost Office had been signed by July 16 Major admin istration achievements Reor ganization of Defense Depart oC presidential oil quitclaim to of Depart ment of Health Education and extension trade agreements act and of ex cess profits tax In doubt Cut in Air Force and admission of 240 000 refugees Agriculture Secretary Ben son somewhat reluctantly has continued the price support pro gram of the preceding adminis tration Wheat acreage limita tions appear likely Any basic change in agricultural policy has been put off until next year Business Labor Welfare Price and other controls except over defense materials have been dropped the Defense Pro duction Act has been extended but skeletonized The adminis tration has drawn on business widely for policymaking posts CIOs choice for one assist ant secretaryship of the Labor Department has been shelved the post is still empty The Health Education and Welfare Depart ment was created out of old Federal agencies In general the sixmonths rec ord is one of many successful skirmishes of a few outstanding victories of organizing the staff and massing the forces for de termined advance in the future Reds Snap Deadlock on Truce End Could Be Within Week PANMUNJOM Teams of Al led and Communist cluding for the first the men who would oversee a ceasefire worked in ninesecret sessions vtoudny on the final details a Korean armistice Two staff officer sessions wove set for 10 am Tuesday 7 pm ST The Rods meanwhile put inlshing touches on a large hut to jo used for signing Iho historic document which would end the three years of fighting No Indication There was no official indication just when the armistice would be signed but some observers said It could bo within a week Fighting would end 12 hours after the sign ing A monthlong deadlock ne gotiations wns broken with a Conl immist announcement Sunday thnt the Reds wero ready to prepare for tho signing Three U S members ot the itury ArmisticeCommission flevr hero unexpectedly for the first lime and mot for 1 hour 50 min utes with Communist members o the commission The commission composed ot top officers from the opposing armies would control the buffer vonc between the two forces The Red and Allied commission members discussed suggested ar rangements which they the Reds will considerand prqbably come back with their proposal said Navy Capl B M Colomah one of the U S members Another meeting was plaimcdj but no time was given SpeededTempo tempo of from 10 am to pm um CST height ened optimism for an curly sign ing vi Total lime spent by five dif ferent Ida ins including interpret ers and Unison officers was 7 hours 42 minutes delegations pre sumnbly nrc luvnittng a call from the lower level staff officers to set n dtitc for the signing Both sides quickened x the pace toward a truce signing in the wake of the sudden Communist an nouncement Sunday that they were ready to go ahead with final prep arations In return for Allied assur ance that South Korea would abide by a cehsefiro But South Korcnn Foreign Min ister Pyun Yung Tai hinted opposition from Syngman Rhecs government might be in the wind Hc said the Communist agreement contained mnny traps He said it showed the Reds in tend to take all South Korea by subversive activity and by liquidat ing the Army which wo have built so painstakingly and withso much expense War An unnamed Republicr or jtvorea spokesman said Allied assurances meant lheUN had lost the war In other developments 1 The Peiping radio announced thnt Czcchoslovakian and Polish delegates who would serve on a fournation Armistice Supervisory Commission arrived in the Red China capital The Swedish and Swiss delegates already arc in Tokyo 2 Gin Mark Clark UN Far Eaif commander in Tokyo hailed the Red goahead as most encourag ing and said it should lead to an early signing However hc said some details remained to be worked out 3 Pelping radio of Red China said the Communist agreement to go nhead with truce signing preparations came after resolute efforts by the Red Ko rean and Chinese side in the past oncmonth 4 One group of Allied and Com munist staff officers carried rolled up maps presumably needed in fixing the new demarcation line for a buffer zone which will separate the opposing armies 72 hours after a truce It will re flect gains of the Communists in their giant Kumsong Bulge offens ive last week and territory taken by counterattacking South Koreans This team met in two morning ses sions totaling almost an hour group headed for the United ;