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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 20, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL LVI Associated lYess United Press FuH Lease Wires Five Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JULY 20 1950 Paper Consists of Two HOME EDITION m i ii r No 243 American Unit Withdraws From Taejon Republicans Promised Big Turnout Possible Changes Top Issue With Treasurer Nominee By DWIGHT McCORMACK Des Moines for a heavier than usual turnover in Republican state committee mem berships loomed Thursday as del egates began arriving for Fridays G O P state convention In fact spec ul at ion about changes and possible changes was vying for top interest honors with the question of who will be nom inated for state treasurer Delegates werent overlooking the speakers however in view of the Korean situation One is sched uled to be U S Senator Henry Cabot Lodge Jr of Massachusetts a member of the senate foreign re lations committee Hickenlooper Speaks Others on the speakers list are the heads cl the partys ticket in the November election U S Senator Bourke B Hickenlooper and Gov William S Beardsley All 3 are expected to refer to the war and mobilization The platform which the conven tion will adopt has created no special interest beyond what the farm plank will be The other items of business are practically foregone conclusions They are nominating Secretary of Agricul ture Clyde Spry for a short term in that office and election of Rob ert K Goodwin of Des Moines to continue as state chairman Five of the 16 members of the state committee have announced that they will not be candidates for Contests or man euvering may bring changes in 4 other of the memberships Those who have announced their retirement are State Senator Alden L Doud of Douds in the 1st district Harvey Lange of Du buque in the 2nd district Boyd Hayes of Charles City in the 3rd district Mrs Alice Figg of Des Moines in the 5th district and Whitney Gillilland of Glenwood in the 7th district Doud and Lange have been on the committee about 8 years each Mrs Figg 6 Gillilland 4 and Hayes two Gillilland is a former state chairman having resigned last winter Candidates Mentioned Warren Rees of Anamosa and possibly State Rep Harvey Long of Clinton have been mentioned as possible successors to Lange Talked of as candidates to suc ceed Hayes are J Warren Pattie and Joe Tye both of Marshall town and Harold McKinley oJ St Ansgar Seeking Mrs Figgs position are Mrs Gladys Hammond of Ames and Mrs Adah Jolley of Dallas Center Story county delegates have unanimously indorsed Mrs Hammond for the post Opposing Mrs Arlene Raymond of Independence for 2nd distric committeewoman is DrSmith Kennedy an Oelwein woman physician Talk of replacing John Loughlin of Cherokee as 8th dis trict committeeman is going the rounds W Keith Hamill of Newton is completing his 2nd term on the committee as 4th district com It is custom in that district that the position be ro tated ever other term The maneuvering pertains pri marily to Goodwin Party leaders are desirous of having him be a member of the committee which he is not now Since Mrs Figg is retiring as 5th district committeewoman that post probably will go to someone from another county in the dis trict Then Polk county would be in line for the committeeman po sition This would require the retire ment of Charles Van Werden of Winterset as committeeman which he is reported willing to do in favor of Goodwin In addition to these changes there have been reports that Beardsley forces will attempt to wrest control of the committee from socalled old guards Selection of a nominee for state treasurer is necessary because all of the 5 candidates in the June 5 primary election failed to get the required 35 per cent of the vote AP Wirephoto LOST IN DESERT 7 DAYS Frank Russell 19 of Syl vania Ohio prepares to pour himself a drink as he rests in a hospital bed after being lost in southern Californias Mojave desert 7 days He was rescued Wednesday wan dering barefoot and aimlessly in temperatures up to 116 He entered the desert looking for gold Call Marine Reserves Navy Alerts Units Washington The navy Thursday called several air re serve units to active service and the marine corps notified all its reserve ground units to be pre pared to go on active duty on 10 days notice At the same time the army an nounced that it has alerted com bat and supporting units from each of the 6 continental army areas for movement in the ntiar future to the Far East These are regular army troops The navy said it could not an nounce the reserve air units called to duty the number of men or the designation of their units Similarly an army spokesman said there would be no elabor ation as to the numbers or desig nations of the units it has alerted for movement to the Far East The army statement said Sev eral combat and supporting units from each of the 6 army areas in addition to those previously an nounced have been alerted for movement in the near future to the Far East command The 6 army commanders have their headquarters at the following points 1st army Governors Is land N Car 2nd army Ft Meade Md 3rd army Ft McPherson near Atlanta Ga 4th army Ft Sam Houston San Antonio Tex 5th army Chicago and 6th army San Francisco The navy statement said The navy is recalling several units of the organized air reserve to active duty immediately A briefing of ficer saidthat the orders had al ready gone out to the selected units He emphasized that this was not a warnipg or alert but a formal recall to immediate active duty The naval air reserve is organ ized around 27 air stations and in cludes more than 350 fully or ganized squadrons These xmits are organized into fighter attack patrol transport composite and llghterthanair squadrons Most naval air reserve units are equipped with World war II planes but the navy said some have later type aircraft The marine corps said headquar ters is now preparing a list o selected units that will get the Is call to duty from among its re serve ground forces The alert order went to all Vote Return of Leopold to Throne Brussels Leopold III vas voted back to his throne by h e Belgian parliament Thurs day He has been in exile in Switzer and since the war The question f bringing him back split Bel ium badly for months with the ocialists particularly being bit erly opposed to his return A joint session of both houses of parliament cast 198 aftirma ive votes for Leopolds return vith most opposition socialists iberals and communists abstain ng in protest There are 387 members in both houses fUf mrini traffic rienth In pant Jl bourn Gold Pleads Guilty to Red Spy Indictment Philadelphia Gold 30yearold chemist who has ad milted serving as a courier for a Russian atomic spy ring pleadec guilty Thursday to an indictmen charging him with conspiracy U commit espionage and with giv ing information to a potential en emy The indictment in two parts read to him before U S dis trict Judge James P McGranerj in a halffilled courtroom of th federal building Gillette Promises Price Probe Washington Gil ette said Thursday a enate investigation oC sharp food price increases will begin within wo weeks Gillette chairman of a senate agriculture subcommittee caUed the recent price increases vi cious unjustifiable and unpatri otic He remarked that certain Dersons are in a position to ex act from the public exhorbitant prices He made the statement about he subcommittee plans at a hear ng devoted to the dairy situation after Senator Lehman DLib N said There is no justification what soever for the price increases oi he last few weeks President Truman said Wednesday night here is food in sufficient qtian ity to care for apparent needs It is a terrible thing Leh man added to foist price in creases on the consuming public Gillette said he would not hesi Late to ask more money to make the inquiry if funds allotted to make his subcommittee are in sufficient He also said his group intends soon to inquire into production of meat There have been recent increases in meat prices He did not amplify his comment on the meat situation President Might Order Price Control By JERRY KORN Washington Tru man said Wednesday night he is ready to order price control and rationing if prices should rise un duly because of excessive buying and speculation He spoke sharply of both prac tices saying that scare buying is foolish and selfish and add ing Every businessman who is try ing to profiteer in time of national person who is self ishly trying to get more than his doing just exactly the thing that any enemy of this country would want him to do The president reported to the nation on the Korean situation in a broadcast carried by all Ameri can radio and television networks and beamed overseas by the Voice of America and the British Broad casting corporation Aggression Proven In acid language he referred to the attack on South Korea as an outright breach of the peace and a Violation of the charter of the United Nations and said it proves beyond all doubt that the inter national communist movement is willing to use armed invasion to conquer independent nations He added It was an act of raw aggres sion without a shadow of justifi cation I was an act of raw aggression Besides making clear his belief that international communism must bear responsibility for the Korean crisis Mr Truman has sharp words for Russias attitude toward the affair Noting that Moscow had refused an American request that it use its influence with the North Ko reans to halt the attack the presi dent said The soviet government has said many times that it wants peace in the world but its attitude toward this act of aggression against the Republic of Korea is in direct con tradiction of its statements Mr Truman pledged that the United States will stay in the bat tle even though we know that it will take a hard tough fight to halt the invasion and to drive the communists back Quotes MacArthur In that respect he quoted from a report he had received a few hours before from Gen Douglas MacArthur The report said that American forces have a secure base in southern Korea and added We are now in Korea in force and with Gods help we are there to stay until the constitutional au thority of the republic is fully re stored In most respects the presidents radio message was a brief simpli fied version of the message he had sent to congress earlier in the day asking to finance the nations defense expenditures in the Korean crisis and wherever else needed He said he will ask for sub stantial increase in taxes as a move to provide these funds and to curb inflation and profiteering I know he said that our people are willing to do their part As for scare buying he insisted that we have to fear only those shortages which we ourselves arti ficially create adding If prices should rise unduly because of excessive buying or speculation I know our people will want the government to take ac tion and I will not hesitate to rec ommend rationing and price con trol Predict New Stand in Kumchon Area Red Artillery Ignites Whole City as Allies Retreat Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Thursday night Friday partly cloudy Low Thursday night 55 to 60 High Friday 75 to 80 Iowa Fair east mostly cloudy west portion Thursday night and Friday local thunclershow ers extreme west Thursday night Low Thursday night 45 to 50 northeast near 55 south west High Friday around 80 Further outlook Low Saturday morning 55 to 60 Fair with temperatures below normal Sat urday and probably Sunday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 61 51 61 20 65 Hal Boyles at It Again APs Ace Reporter Heads for Korea Hal Boyle tamed Associated Press correspondent of World war II is enroute to Korea to tell the story of the America GI as only he can do it His campaign cloth ing is out of mothballs the old notebook is dusted off and Happy Hal the Arabs pal is on the way The Pulitzer prize winner of the past war will tell the story the new grousings heart aches horseplay and in his column Boyle was a favorite in the North African and European campaigns with American GIs The end of World war II found him in the Pacific and he visited China and Manchuria before he returned to the United States The story of how he broke the news of his new war assignment to his wife and mother is hu morously related in his Roving space on the editorial page of this issue Readers will wish to turn to this and follow the inimitable Hal in his subse quent dispatches Irom the Korean theater MAJ GEN WILLIAM F DEAN General Dean Unaccounted for at Front Washington UR An army spokesman said Thursday that Maj Gen William F Dean commander of the U S 24th di vision in Korea has been un officially reported missing in action The spokesman said there lias been no confirmation of the report from the fighting front An American Commam1 Post in Korea whereabouts of Gen William F Dean whose 24th division was withdrawing from Taejon was unknown Thursday night I dont know where General Dean is said a headquarters spokesman That does not mean that he is missing The big fighting general has been at the front all day At one time he was seen out with a tank destroying squad His ground fighters during the battle had knocked out 8 of 10 North Korean tanks with 35 inch rocket launch ers The spokesman said at p m a m CST that about 50 per cent of the American units in the Taejon area succeeed in making a fairly orderly with drawal One gun position may have been cut up rather badly he said In addition to the 8 red tanks hit by the 35 inch groundfired rockets air strike reports showed that allied planes knocked out 5 more in the outlying approaches to Taejon The planes undoubtedly got more the spokesman said One of the 8 tanks had pulled up near the command post of the 34th infantry regiment and was firing in alK directions when someone went up to the roof of the command post and knocked it out with a rocket the army of ficer said Senate Votes To Accept Report on McCarthy Probe Washington Overriding vehement republican protests the senate voted Thursday to accept a report by democrats denouncing the communists in government charges of Senator McCarthy R Wis as a fraud and n hoax The straight party line vote was 45 to for republi cans against The decision came after several republican senators had insisted that the report was out of order and should not be filed The hotly disputed document was put out last Monday night by the democratic majority of a sen ate foreign relations subcommit tee The subcommittee had inves tigated McCarthys contentions that the state department harbors communists and red sympathizers AMERICAN LEGION CALLED Indianapolis a t i o n a 1 American Legion commander George N Craig of Brazil Ind Wednesday called a special meet ing of all state commanders to mobilize the Legion for service in the Korean conflict The meeting will be held here July 23 24th Division Withdrawal Is Orderly Tokyo General Mac Arthurs communique said Thursday the U S Z4th infan try division is still holding firm in the Taejon area despite increased communist North Ko rean pressure Front line dis patches however said the Americans were withdrawing By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS The communists hurled a strong offensive into Taejon Thursday and the U S 24th division was reported with drawing in heavy fighting from the flaming key rail and highway junction in South Korea The whereabouts of Maj Gen William F Dean the 24ths commander was not known A broadcast by NBC from Tokyo said Taejon already had fallen A U S 8th army spokesman said the hard pressed 24th division still held the city at the end of the days fighting but a dispatch from a command post said the division was on its way out By p m Korean time a spokesman said 50 per cent of American units in the Taejon area succeeded in making a fairly orderly withdrawal The Americans apparently were falling back to the Kumchon area where a new stand will be made But despite the had been MacArthur announced that the North Koreans already had lost their one great chance for victory by failing to flatten South Korea before the arrival of the Americans in strength Heavy Concentrations Two fresh American divisions now are protecting the approaches to Kumchon against a communist push in the cast coast and cen tral sectors Airmen reported heavy red concentrations of tanks and artillery in the central sector The communists threw an en veloping movement around the west flank of the defending forces in the Taejon area stabbing out from captured Iri to take Chonju roughly 40 air miles southwest of Taejon Allied airmen raked the communists in this area The red strength there is unknown Fire bombs rained on Kumje near Chonju The communist drive in the Taejon area backed by tremend ous artillery fire which ignited the whole city was dented by the new American ground rockets Ground forces knocked out 11 enemy tanks in the area in 24 hours A headquarters spokesman at an American command post said he did not know where the fighting commander of the 24th division was after an allday tour of the front but said this did not nec essarily mean that he is missing Gen Dean who has led forays personally last was seen with a tankdestroying squad which had knocked out 8 enemy tanks with the new bazookas Alive with Fire The whole Taejon valley area was alive with fire as red artil lery boomed and allied planes pasted the enemy Taejon from which the South Korea provi sional government has fled has been virtually written off for sev eral days It was the first communist at tack in force on the bloody Kum river front since the invaders won their foothold on the south bank Seven tanks in the attacking col umn were knocked out by the new 35 inch ground rockets rushed from the U S An 8th tank prob ably was destroyed in this 1st battle test for the new giantsized bazooka REPORTS COIN THEFTS Iowa City old coins and relics valued at about were taken Wednesday from the office of Floyd Brant Iowa City attorney Brant told police the thief pried open the office door during the noon hour AP Wirephoto NEW KINGSIZE BAZOOKA infantry sergeant poses with the armys new kingsize bazooka in the firing position This new weapon which fires a 35inch ground rocket is credited with knocking out an official 7 out of 7 communist tanks in its 1st battlefield test in Korea Thursday This photo made at Fort Benning Ga was released in Washington Thursday Armys New Bazooka Arrives Has Perfect Day in 1st Test By RUSSELL BRINES Tokyo armys kingsized new 35inch ground rocket an official 7 out of 7 communist tanks Thursday in its first battlefield test This was reported by General MacArthurs public infor mation officer in a communique Thursday night Front line dispatches said an 8th tank later was knocked out The weapon was manulnciured and transported from the United States in only a few days Battletested gunners oE the 24th division were supplied with the new gun only a short time be fore they turned it on the com munist tanks Thursday when the battle for Taeion flamed again Fired From Shoulder The new recoilless weapon was described as a modem ver sion of the World war II bazooka except that it is larger and is fired from the shoulder The old bazooka fired a 236 inch rocket Near the end of World war I experimental work began on an antitank weapon with greater armor penetration and faster muzzle velocity The new weapon is designed primarily for close fire But it also can be used against fortified positions to its m a x i mum area type fire against troop concentrations and similar ground targets In covering a specific area its effect is similar to a round from an 81mm mortar the communi que said The 35 inch rocket launcher is a twopiece smooth bore weapon of the open tube type It is elec trically operated It has no recoil Ammunition is approximately 23 inches long and weighs slightly more than 8 pounds Shaped Charge The warhead has a powerful explosive in the form of a shaped charge which enables the round to penetrate any armored vehicle presently known It also is more accurate and faster in flight than the old Bazooka The new weapon weighs only a few pounds more than its prede cessor It also has new legs to stabilize it when fired from a prone position The gunner uses a reflecting sight which enables him to keep focused on targets moving up to 40 miles an hour Few weapons the communi que said can equal the new rocket launcher as a c 1 o s ein antitank weapon although much larger guns may be superior in range and effect HERBERT C PETRY JR Herbert Retry Elected Head of Lions Club Chicago C Petry Jr a 32ycarokl Carrizo Springs Texas attorney Thursday was elected president of Lions Inter national He succeeds Walter C Fisher of Quccnston Ontario Canada Petry was unopposed for the top position the worlds laigest mens service organization At 32 he is the youngest international president in Lions history Eleven men were nominated for 8 United States directorships on Ihc international board Winners of the posts which carry twoyear terms included Clifford I Thoma Failfield Iowa More lowans Are Korean Casualties Washington defense department Thursday named Cpl Lester H Diekmann Readlyn lowa on its list of those missing in action in the Korean war His next of kin was Iiste6 as Harold F Diekmann Readlyn a brother The departments 31st Korean casualty list named Cpl William R Rock of Ccnterville Iowa as among those woundedJn action ;