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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, July 20, 1945

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 20, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME C 0 v DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND ARCHIVES I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS INSIDE WASHINGTON New Secretary of Treasury Possessed of Common Sense By HELEN ESSARY Central Press Correspondent is the par ticular talent Fred Vinson has that sends him skyrocketing from one good job to the next until he lands in the post of secretary of the treasury I asked Chief Justice D Lawrence Groner of the dis trict court of appeals Justice Gro ner who enjoys saying pleasant things of nice people replied promptly The quality is common sense Good straightforward common sense The most rare and priceless of gifts Add to it the skys the limit The Vinsons will be popular in the cabinet Mrs Vinson is pretty and gay Has a perennial lot of southern stories a quick smile and is so unaffected you cant believe its true But it is true Always an encouraging person to meet is the wife of Henry Morgenthaus suc cessor Paris Letter Here I am hon ey for 3 days Was sitting mind ing my own business when they thrust a pass on me and gave me 30 minutes to make a train Am at the officers club eagerly waiting lunch Its a gorgeous sunshiny day outdoors with everybody rushing around trying to run you down with bikes As usual GIs are staggering all over the place making passes at the mademoiselles Said mademoi selles wear highhairdos loud with 3inch and carry plaid umbrellas Dont ask me why Prices are as high as ever and everybody is having a grand time unless he has to work for a liv ing Moscow Letter Our native land is lovelier and dearer to us than ever for it is watered with the blood of relatives and friends Love lor our country did not es trange us from other nations On the contrary in the war years we were keenly aware of the brotherhood that binds the men of toil and the friends of lib erty Our soldiers can understand without words the Frenchman Norwegian or Greek The grandeur of our people was revealed in the years of trial Strength is tested with with roses Berlin i look around at conquered Germany I think of the strength and fire of the Amer ican soldiers who helped bring this victory about And I wonder if there are not 2 sides to this sub ject universal military trainin Certainly universal military training is good for the young man as an individual But how really good is it for the nation which the young man is a part When you train youth you have to be careful not to overtrain For when you overtrain you kill the initia tive and break the spirit German youth was overtrained In my opinion it was the fresh spunky American only recently turned soldier who really won this war Flatten out that spunk and independencewith overregi mentation and you take axvay the quality that makes the conqueror Universal military Yes If you insist But for heavens sake be cautious or youll rob the young American of the very char acteristics that make him Ameri can and superior to all other fight ing men Personalities Chief of staff to the commander in chief of the army and navy Fleet Adm Wil liam D Leahy was crossing the Chesapeake bay on the Annapolis ferrj Admiral Leahy one of the most traveled and honored of sea going gentlemen sa modestman nered man When several of the ferry boat crew not noticing the admirals rank said Get over here buddy Out of the way of that truck the admiral smiled behind his eye glasses and obediently got on over Associated Press and United Press 1 Truman Scores on Piano Potsdam URThe only official news to emerge from the tightly ensored big 3 compound Friday was that President Truman capped his state dinner in the little white house Thursday night by playing the piano for Prime Minister Churchill and PremierStalin he fac Churchill was Stalins guest at a private dinner Wednesday night comprised all the information available to correspondents as the conference moved into Its 4th day The belated British announcement of the StalinChurchill dinner appeared to be aimed at spiking reports of a growing coolness between the 2 conferees Mr Truman who won a wide reputation for his skill on the keys Washlnfiton wound up his state dinner by playing at nurcmll s and Stalins insistenceBeethovens Minuet in G But the hit of the evening was a GI pianist Sgt Eugene List who played Mr Trumans favorite Chopins Aflat Polonaise Tchaikow skys piano concerto and 3 prelules from Shostakovich As soon as the sergeant finished playing for the guests assembled jn the temporary white house porch Stalin arose and walked over to he piano The generalissimo shook Lists hand and congratulated him He offered a toast to his health and asked him to play again List responded with Russian and American folk music which so delighted Stalin that he again shook the sergeants hand and congratu lated him and offered another toast Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy t cloudy and continued warm Fri day night and Saturday Scat tered showers probable late Fri day night or Saturday morning Iowa Partly cloudy Friday Fri day night and Saturday Scat tered thundershqwers in north west and extreme west Frida and Friday night and in west portion Saturday Continued warm with temperatures aver aging about 3 degrees abov normal Minnesota Partly cloudy Friday night and Saturday Scattered thundersbowers in south por tion Warmer in north portion Saturday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Thursday 84 Minimum Thursday 70 At 8 a m Friday 71 YEAR AGO Maximum 7g Minimum 50 Precipitation 02 FUH Cem cow MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JULY 20 NO ttt FLEET PROWLS FOR NEW STRIKE TRUMAN AND CHURCHILL Harry S Truman left poses with Prime Minister Winston Church ill right on the steps of the little white house in the Berlin conference area Truman Talks Lasting Peace at Flag Raising in Berlin During Big 3 Conference SENATE PASSES INTERNATIONAL BANK INCREASE Boost Lending Power of Bank Program by Washington IP The senate completed congressional approval of legislation boosting the ending authority of the export mport bank by 52800000000 By an unanimous voice vote he senate sent to President Tru man a measure increasing the banks loan limit from 000 to This rounds out an admimstra ion monetary program which in cluded authority approved by the chamber Thursday for American larticipation in a nternational bank for reconstruc ion and development and an flOOOOOCGO fund to support world urrencies The increase in exportimport unds will provide loans to fi nance American shipments of joods to wardevastated Europe Leo Crowley foreign economic administrator said about 100000 would be earmarked for Jussia The United States congress be oame the first big power parlia mentary body to approve the 44 nation Bretton Woods interna ional monetary program Final approval was by unani mous voice vote in the house aft er that body had accepted minor senate amendments to the mea sure originally passed by the louse The action sends the leg slation to President Truman for his signature Earlier congressional leaders had expressed hope that Mr Tru ivan would receive the legisla ion while attending the Big conference ileariwhile DUtah told the senate Friday that Americas immediate postwar problem will not be to find inter national trade but to take care of that which comes voluntarily Senator Hickenlooper RIowa read a letter he said was from a manufacturer who quoted an agent in Venezuela This agent said England Swe den and Switzerland were offer ing items which could not be ob tained or only with great delay from this country Saying there is ample reason why South Americans are turn ing to Europe the agent said Prices are lower and deliv eries are quicker Potsdam man speaking at a symbolic flag raising over conquered Berlin and opportunity said but peace and prosperity for the world as a whole The speech had great signifi cance agrainst its background of the biff 3 conference where the president is joining Britain and Russia in helping to settle Euro pean boundary and other prob lems We are raising this flag in the name of the people of the United States who are looking forward to a better world a peaceful world in which all the people will have an of enjoying peace Mr Truman The stars and stripes raised over the United States group council the former head Horrors of Feast Berlin UR A mild form of dysentery has broken out among the official conference delegations in the Big 3 compound at Pots dam it was learned Friday None of the rankingmilitary or political leaders has been affected thus far The disease has been spreading among allied occupation troops in Berlin and American medical au thorities feared it might reach epidemic proportions at any time unless medical supplies can be ob tained immediately quarters of Germanys air defense the flag that flew over the capital in Washington the day the United States entered the war against the axis It flew over Al giers when that city was Gen Eisenhowers headquarters and over Rome when the first axis capital was captured It is destined to be raised over Tokyo Lets not forget that we are fighting for peace and for the wel fare of mankind Mr Truman told the troops lined np for the cere mony We are not fighting for conquest ViceAdmiral Emory S Land chief of the U S maritime com owmps iroi mission and the war shipping adcarrier boy ministration has arrived with his staff in Potsdam in response to a special request from President it was disclosed Friday The shipping experts arrived late Thursday amid indications that postwar world shipping anc the role ql the United States greatest merchant fleet in history would play a large part in the dis cussions of the president Premie Stalin and Prime Minister Church ill It was disclosed also that Prime Minister Churchill dined alone Wednesday night with Premier Stalin at the Little Kremlin The conference lasted several hours Only Stalins and Churchills in terpreters were present at the din ner table during the private meet ing where obviously much of world importance was discussed British Foreign Secretary An thony Eden returned to work Fri day and fulfilled all his regula appointments with Soviet Foreign Commissar Vyacheslav M Molo tov and U S Secretary of Stat James F Byrnes Eden had beci too ill Thursday night to attend state dinner tendered in a cordial atmosphere by President Truman at the gardenbowered Littl White House t TAXRELJET BILL PASSES Washington iF Congress passed tax relief bill Friday to help business revert from war to peace The house agreed to a senate amendment and sent the measure to the white house Congressional leaders said the legislation will help small busi ness accumulate a cash reserve for postwar operations A provision which would have given special treatment to reor ganized railroads was dropped from the bill in its final form Discharged Soldiers May Get Clothes Pay Washington UPJ Discharged servicemen under a new bill pending in the senate would re ceive of clothes along their discharge pay The bill would provide each dis discards his uniform Buy your War Bonds and carrier boy CHINA Hankow Fires Rage After Big B29 Bombing Guam William F Halseys maraudingfleet was reported prowling the Japanese coast for a new airsea strike Friday while huge fires still raged through 5 Honshu var centers gutted during the night by a record force of B29 uperfortresses Shaken by 11 days and nights of intermittent naval at acks during which Halseys AngloAmerican raiders sent 1300 tons of bombs and shells crashing into a 600mile strip of Japan s Pacific coast Tokyo warned that the assault might be resumed at any moment The Japanese said Halseys 150 battlewagons carriers cruisers and supporting warships were still maneuvering off western Honshu after thrusting into the mouth of Tokyo bay Thursday moming in an CHINESE NEAR FORMER AAF by muti nous Japanese puppets at Tunghing Chinese troops in a new invasion of IndoChina captured the important sea port of Moncay 1 on Tokyos directshipping supply route to landisolated southeast Asia Fighting into the suburbs of Kweilin other Chinese forces are about to recapture important former U S army air force base Stars denote G former United States air bases recaptured by the Chinese HardDriving Chinese Forces Move Toward Great Airfield Against Weakening Defense Chungking forces pounded a weakening Japanese defense throughout southeast China Friday Troops driving on the American air base at Kweilin have recaptured Laipo 55 miles to the south and are now moving against Yaugso a Chinese communique snid While Chinese units pushed for Yangso in Kwangsi province ap proximately 30 miles south of Kweilin other troops in the Kan river valley of south central Ki angsi province battled fiercely with a large Japanese force Most JAPSGRIP ON BORNEO SLIPS Australian Dutch Troops Smash 2 Counterattacks Manila troops pressed toward the rich oil bell around Samarinda and the mouth of the Mahakam river in eastern wun a large Japanese lorce Most Borneo Friday after capturing of the fighting took place at points Sambodja 23 miles northeast of west of Taiho 150 miles southeast Raliknjinnn Changsha as the Japanese at tempted to keep from being driv en north YaYang on the southern shore of Tung Ting lake in Hunana pro vince 50 miles northwest of Changsha has also been recap communique said that tured The Yungfu 40 miles southwest ot Kweilin was under attack On the Liuchow peninsula Chinese troops pushed 50 miles northeast from Tinpak to reach Yeungkong 110 miles southwest of Canton At a point 35 miles north of Kanhsien newly captured former American airbase over 300 miies chargee with S150 in negotiable east of Kweilin Chinese troops treasury coupons to be used to destroyed 5 junks loaded with buy a nexv civilian outfit when he looted materials ond war supplies H11 f a Vie r During the fight mountain guns and materials including Japanese i quantity of radios ma nui AJULUA aim JiiLJUUJllg radios mu Slamps from your GlobeGazette chineguns and wolfram ore were captured I Leopold Will Not Give Up His Throne in Belgium St Wolfganjr Austria Leopold III of Belgium who has been legally exiled from his coun try by parliament says he will not give up the throne until the Belgian people have a democratic opportunity to select their own leaders in a free and honest elec tion Interviewed by Joe Western re porter for the army newspaper Stars and Stripes the 43 year old monarch said Thursday that he had surrendered hts country to the Germans in May of the chief complaints of some Bel gians against the he felt it was impossible to tight any longer at that time Leopold said There is no truth in the evil stories spread in the early years of the war that my surrender was premeditated and prearranged with the nazis Parliament exiled Leopold on Wednesday barring him from re turning to the country without parliamentary consent Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from roar GlobeGazette North Dakotan Held for Threat to ExWife MInot N Dak Reed Minot was held Friday after he allegedly threatened his divorced wife with a gun Mrs Reed told officers she took the gun away from her exhus lEOPOtD band and hid it Officers said Reed would be arraigned on charges of drunk enness and disorderly conduct Flan Funeral Washington Iowa services for Mrs Hattie White 87 will be held here Saturday Mrs White a former Washington resi Balikpapan Both Australian and Dutch Easi Indies troops smashed 2 stubborn Japanese counterattacks in the area north of Balikpapan am Japans grip OH Borneos rich oil supply appeared vastly weakened Before the war Sambodja and the Mahakam river delta to the north produced 7000000 barrels of oil each year from 400 wells Sambodja has a small refinery as well as a pipeline leading to the Mahakam delta The Dutch began destroying wells in the 2 areas 3 days prior to the Japanese invasion in 1942 but it is believed that all but a few have been put back into op eration Melbourne radio recorded by the United Press in San Francisco said Australian forces on the western side of Balikpapan harbor had enlarged their holdings by capturing Satarl villasie over 5 miles west of Penatljim North of Balikpapan the broad cast said fierce fighting continue beyond Mount Batochampa where the Japanese were reported strongly entrenched Refuse Requests for Discharges on Only Occupational Grounds Washington retary of War Robert P Patter son says the war department ha flatly turned down all reques to discharge men from the army solely on occupational grounds to fill civilian needs If we authorized the discharge of all those for whom requests have been received we woulc have to release in response to tht demand at least 1000000 men he said We would then b forced to abandon the present sys tem of discharging soldiers on th merit system Thrown LoopaPlane at Carnival James Bencleroff Des Moines vas thrown from a loopaplane n which he was riding at the Mason City fair grounds about 10 3clock Thursday evening Hewas aken to the local hospital where is was treated for cuts around his nose and left eye and for burns on the left leg Mason City police examined the one of the American Beauty ihows and said they found tlie equipment in excellent order Owners are H Bartholomew and J H Shark Operator is eorge Shake St Louis Officials said that it was their 1st accident in 9 3ears of operation ot entertainment concessions Deployment Timetable Paris redeploy ment timetable of U S army di visions 44TH INFANTRY Arriving in New York Friday aboard Queen Elizabeth 2ND INFANTRY On high seas first elements scheduled to reach United States about Tuesday 5TH INFANTRY On high seas first units should arrive early next week 13TU ARMORED On high seas first shiploads should arrive late next week NINTH ARM HEADQUAR TERS Advance units on high seas and remainder cleared Lc Havre Friday 20TH ARMORED Advance units on high seas main body ex pected to clear Le Havre Wed nesday or Thursday 28TH INFANTRY Advance par ty on high seas bulk of division at camp in Le Havre area 30TH INFANTRY Advance units scheduled to leave Le Havre Sunday main body being pro cessed at Camp Oklahoma City Reims area 35TII INFANTRY Advance party awaiting shipment at Le Havre remainder in Reims as sembly area 45TH INFANTRY Advance units at Reims bulk of division expected there by Tuesday FLEET SHELLS COAST NEAR blast symbol and battleship symbols locale Hitachi and nearby Sukegawa blasted by warships of U S 3rd fleet Carrierbased planes lashed the Tokyo area and Superfortresses bombed cities southwest of Tokyo and Nagoya sffort to lure the imperial fleet into battle Fleet Admiral Chester W Nim ilz gave no additional details on the bombardment of Nojima Cape western arm of Tokyo Bay or the preliminary air strike on the Yokosuka naval base Wednes day That indicated Halsey had imposed radio silence on his armada possibly covering a new blow at the enemy coast More than GOO Marianasbased Superfortresses the biggest B29 fleet ever sent aloft sowed a 310 mile trail of fire and ruin across central Honshu before dawn Fri day morning to carry the pre invasion bombardment into its 45lh consecutive day Some 100 Mustang fighters car ried the aerial assault into the daylight hours Tokyo reported Enemy broadcasts said they at tacked the Aichi area of central Honshu for an hour Part of the force the Japanese said was over the Okazaki and Toyahashi areas southeast of Nagoya and other squadrons at tacked the northern edge ot Na goya itself Thundering in to the attack around midnight the giant sky raiders splattered almost 4000 tons of jelliedgasoline fire bombs on the teeming industrial cities of Hitachij Okazaki Choshi and Fukui and the Nippon oil re finery at Amagasaki in the sub urbs of Osaka Tokyo broadcasts said Itaga west of Nasoya and Takahagi 13 miles southeast of Hitachi also were hit and they acknowledged that big fires burned in all the target cities hours after the last raiders disappeared The Superfortresses less than onehalf of one per cent of the striking force were lost in the attack One was shot down in flames and the other was aban doned later with 5 of its crew rescued possibly by Halseys war slups Bomber pilots returning from the 5 way strike said their incen diaries stoked tremendous fires in the flimsy cities that merged swiftly into general conflagra tions visible for 100 miles and in ore At Fukul the raiders apparent ly achieved complete surprise The citys lights were burning brightly when the first bombs be gan falling When they finally blacked out the incendiary fires served as beacons for succeeding B29 waves The Amasasnki refinery vas the 10th big Japanese oilcenter smashed by the Superfortresses in thctr 85 major raids the en emy homeland The other 4 tar gets were secondary Avar manu facturing centers which had not been attacked Choshi GO miles east of Tokyo also was the most important fish ing port on the Honshu coast Its fishing fleets normally handled oneeighth ot all Japans fish catch The 4000 tons of fire bombs dropped during the night raised to 13300 tons the weight of ex plosive and incendiary missiles showered on Japan in the past 11 days Coupled with the fleet as saults the enemy islands were hit with almost 21000 tons of bombs and shells during that brief period WAR AT A GLANCE By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS than 600 mightiest fleet ever assembled over Japancascaded 4000 tons of fire and explosive oomos on 4 Japanese cities and an oil refinery bombers and fighters dropped 290 tons on Kiangwan airdrome in the Shanghai area High command an nounced gams on all fronts with a fierce battle in the vicinity of Wanan on the Kan river 45 miles north of Kanhsien in bojh Borneo fronts capturing Sambodja oil fields without opposition on the southeast coast and occupted Manidi south Miri oil center on the northwest opened artillery barrage in Sittang river bend a to relievc Civilians Due More Shoes in Ration Soon Washington more plen tiful supply of leather shoes and a possible easing of shoe ration ing were in prospects Friday for American civilians The war production board and the office of price administration announced Thursday night that 10500000 more pairs of leather shoes would be made for civilians in the 3th quarter of this year than in the current quarter An OPA official said the ci vilian shoe situation looks a lot better and that rationing would be eased when the supply war rants He declined however to be more specific ;