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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 20, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND THE NEWSfAftt THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHtOftS VOL L i tat United Pnm Full Lcucd Vtn Onto a Cotrt MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JULY 1M4 ot Two Hall Writes of Convention High Points By VV EARL HALL GlobeGazette Maturing Editor the election of G G Bert Jeck 68 year old re tired produce dealer from At lantic as national committeeman and Mrs Florence Lynch Le Mars housewife as national committee woman Iowas delegation at the national democratic convention here Thursday was prepared to focus all its attention and energy on promoting the renominatlon ot Henry Wallace for vice president The caucus Wednesday night at Iowa headquarters in the Sher man hotel at which Frank Com fort of Des Moines and Mrs Mary HITLER ESCAPES DEATH PLOT Democrats Prepare to Renominate F R Turn to Bitter 2nd Place Fight Chicago Stadium democratic convention that whipped it self into nearhysteria at every mention of the name Franklin Delano Kelleher of Fort Dodge were un Rooseveit prepared to vote a 4th term nomination Thursday hear it seated was spirited but not accepted by the presidents radio tempered Three ballots were taken in each contest with the delegates filing front and center past a ballot box 6 times after one ballot taken by passingthe hat for the votes had been ruled inadequate Mr Wallace chairman of the delegation was diplomatically ab sent from the caucus but he was present in a big way in the Iowa delegation at the keynote session of the convention Wednesday night to receive an impressive ovation from delegates and gallery supporters In the voting for committeeman Comfort had 6 votes going in This dropped to 5 on the 2nd and to none on the 3rd Jecks orig inal strength was 14 votes on the opening ballot and this grew to the necessary 21 on the 3rd Others with scattering support included Walter Beuse of Daven port William Jacobsen of Clinton Paul Huston of Cedar Hapids Earl Augustine of Oskaloosa and Wal ter Mahoney of Sioux City Two factors weighed against Mr Comfort former Mason Cityan in his quest for his res idence in Des Moines and his part in a now much publicized legal fee of from the airplane industry in connection with a cer NAZIS WEAKEN ON VITAL EAST PRUSSIAN LINE Reds Reach Point 8 Miles From PreWar PolishPrussian Front By DANIEL DE LUCE Moscow German army showed signs of breaking in the hotly contested battleground west of the Niemen rived before East Prussia Thursday as 7 fronts flamed in battle The German radio said Russian troops had reached Augustow at the base of the Suwalki triangle which was annexed to East Prussia out of Polish territory in 1939 The town is 8 miles from the pre1939 frontier of East The string of Germanheld cities of Lwow Brest Litovsk Bialystok Kaunas and Daugavpils was tot tering with the Russians fighting to the outskirts of Lwow in south ern Poland and possibly in the suburbs of Brest Litovsk in north ern Poland In the south the Russians for the first time had smashed through the Bug river defense which from 1939 to 1941 formed thedividing only the Fort borne voice and then plunge into an increasingly bitter battle ovei 2nd place The lines were drawn by party leaders headed by National Chairman Robert E Hannegan for the nomination of 60 year old Senator Harry Truman of Mis souri for vice president But a tousled fighting Henry Wallace who sweated out Wcd nesday nights keynoting conven tion session in an ordinary dele gates seat with the Iowa group made it tough for the strategists who wanted to eliminate him and name the chairman of the sen ates war investigating committee on the first ballot Wallace got some unexpected help from Secretary of Interior Harold Ickes who was reported reliably to have sent the presi that mis as a tain desired amendment pending bill in congress Mrs Kelleher whose to a reelec tion as commilteewoman had been expected started off with 15 votes short of majority with the remaining votes divided among Mrs Leona Busching of Nashua Mrs Mary Cole of Mans on Mrs Paul Huston of Cedar Rapids and Mrs Lynch In the 3rd ballot Mrs Lynchs total rose tor32 with dent a telegram declaring Mr Roosevelt had made a take in naming Truman 2nd choice Ickes who is credited with hav ing once urged Wallace to set out of the race now was said to be backing the strongly because of his liberal views The vice president who con firmed that such a telegram had been sent has reiterated his in tention to remain in the race un til the last ballot is counted Brushing his hair backout of eyes and signing an auto graph in almost the same motion Wallace told reporters crowding around the cornstalk high Iowa Nazi Leader Suffers Only Burns Bruises By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS London announced that Adolf Hitler was jurned and bruised in an unsuccessful attempt on his life Thursday Three of Hitlers military leaders were seriously injured while his chief military adviser Col Gen Alfred Jodl was ess seriously hurt along with 5 other generals and Z admirals The broadcast announcement did not give the scene the attack but it obviously took place while Hitler was surround ed by high members of the military at Hit lers headquarters The announcement came 1C hours after Tokyo s announce ment of the fall of Premier Hideki Tojo and Berlin said Hitler after the attack received Benito Mussolini 3rd mem ber of the illstarred who led the axis into war Among the seriously injured Berlin said was Lt Gen Schmundt chief of the German armys personnel department and chief military aide de camp to Hitler for several years Two lieutenant colonels named Brandt and Borgmann and a collaborator named Berger also were listed as seriously injured Slightly injured were these Generals Jodl Hitlers personal DELEGATES JAM CLOSE TO VICE A Wallace center facing seeking to become democratic vice presidential nominee again greets a delegate as he is caught in a human maelstrom on the deniocratic floor AP Wirephoto Kayenay engraving British Storm Vimont standard All 1 know is that there is cumbent A31 3rd district G Dunn of Mason City S J Galvin of Hampton Mrs Busching of Nashua and W LBeecher of Wa present here and par ticipated in Wednesday nights important caucus By newspaper observers G o v Robert S Kerr of Oklahoma was credited with a most effective key note speech Wednesday one that might conceivably make him a formidable candidate for the vice presidency if the stop Wallace campaign currently cen tered in Sen Harry S Truman of Missouri fails to develop suffici ent momentum The Oklahoman whose political assets include a giant physique an infectious smile and a booming voice exhibited a quality of show manship this writer has seen equaled few times in his repor torial experience at 8 national party conventions In all the speeches thus far given at the democratic national convention here has been one cen tral theme namely that President President Roose velt the man capable of supplying leadership in the years immediately ahead Anybody else trying to cope with these prob lems would be a babe in the woods And by babe in the woods held Poland In the newest of their power packed offensives near the Latvian republics northeast corner Gen Ivan Maslennifcovs third Baltic army crossed the Velikaya river south of Ostrov and made swift progress toward middle Latvia the frontier only 9 miles away The soviet air force was out in a strength never before equalled giving sure cover for masses of tanks cavalry and infantry which swarmed upon the Germans from the western Bug river to the bogs of the north The scope of the 600 mile front made it difficult to set opart the most significant developments but the offensive in the south where the main forces may by pass Lwow and the wedge be tween Bialystok and Brest Lit ovsk to the north made it appear that the march to Warsaw has be gun Front dispatches said that red army tanks and riflemen after capturing Sokal 45 miles north of Lwow and bridging the Bug had reached for the first time Polish territory which had oecn the victim of nazi overlordship for nearly 5 years Last reports said that barely 8 miles northeast of Lwow the red strong evidence of a fine liberal sentiment in this convention and it is LaterIn iui speech to several hundred dele gates from western states Wal lace said he had been called a radical because he had insisted that it was possible to raise the standard of living for all the people There is a tremendous ground swell of liberal sibly a ground swell the like of which this country has not seen in many the dele gates to thij convention he said Comfortably enscounced on the convention platform while Gov Robert S Ken of Oklahoma was shouting challenge after challenge to Thomas E Dewey republican presidential nominee two men o might in democratic council gave the inner circles answer ti the vice presidential puzzle Said Mayor Frank Hague o Jersey Citys voteproducing or ganization i If President Roosevelts fo Truman Im for him Echoed Mayor Ed Kelly of th potent ChicagoIllinois aggrega Now Is No Time to Change Administrations Demos Hear tion Of course Rooseveltsfor Tru man Chicago Staknun Samuel D of Indiana de claring wartimp is no time to change administrations told the democratic convention Thursday hat the ballot box must not be come Hitlers secret weapon he commanderinchief he said nust not be taken from the fight ng forces overseas Taking over as permanent chairman Jackson told the con vention he was confident of an election victory next November Because the American electorate will not vote for change interrup tion and delay in winning the war America will win this war finally and completely no mat ter who is elected president of the United States next Novem ber he said But how many battleships would a democratic defeat be worth toTojo How many nazi legions woulc it be worth to Adolf Hitler Frankly could Goebbels him self do better to bolster axis morale than the word that the American people have upset this administration the administra on that ma etc itpossible fof the lussiansto drive the nazis back o the Prussian border Jackson developed the theme Iso that the republicans hwarled moves for a lasting peace after World War I sought o hamstring defense preparations before the current conflict and 3 terms under Harding Coplklge and Hoover led us into he depths of depression He hit hard at 42 year olc Gov Thomas E Deweys refer ences to old tired and quarrel some men in the Roosevelt ad ministration uttered when Dewey accepted the republican presi dential nomination President Roosevelt Jackson declared has more rugged vital ity in him today than any 2 men the opposition has to offer What the presidency demands now is not so much a bright young man as a man of wisdom and ex perience with depth and breadth of vision Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy TANK BATTLES RAGEQNPUIHS Allfes Hold Itfain Roads Rail Lines Below Caen Supreme Headquarters A E F armored forces fan ning out in manypronged thrusts up to 8 miles beyond Caen Thurs day stormed Vimont German stronghold astride the road to Paris and the left flank anchor post of Troarn while furious tank battles swirled over the Norman dy plains Supreme headquarters reported that Gen Sir Bernard L Mont gomerys 2nd army had reached bothVimont and Troarn and front dispatches said violent street fighting was going on in both towns The British and Canadian forces had seized the 7 main roads and 3 rail lines below Caen and were massing for a frontwide plunge deeper into France United Press War Correspondent ichard D McMillan reported that erman resistance stiffened again ter the first major counterat ack was crushed indicating that arshal Erwin Bommel was mus military aide Karl Bodenschalz aide to Hitler Gucnther Korten chief or staff of the German air force Buhlc Heusinger and Valtcr Scherff Admirals Voss and Von Put kammer Reichsmarshal Hermann Goer ng at once went to Hitler upon earning of what had happened he Berlin broadcast added Schmundt was chief military adjutant to Hitler in the days of Munich and had since remained close to the fuehrer He was at the Srenncr pass conference oE Hit ler and Benito Mussolini March 18 1910 which preceded Italys declaration of war upon the allies The fuehrer himself besides light burns and bruises sustaine TOJO ENTIRE JAP CABINET RESIGN POSTS Government Upheaval Follows Long Series of American Victories no injuries the from Berlin said announccmen He had im mediately taken up his routin work afterwards and as it hac been planned received the due Mussolini for a lengthy discus sion The text of the broadcast by DNB o I C i c i a 1 agency German news A bomb attempt was made on the ing fuehrers life today Dur the attempt Lt Gen theyre thinking of the 42 year old New York governor who was nominated here last month by the republicans Many of the speakers have drawn on the presidents letter to Chairman Hannegan in which agreeing to accept the nom ination Mr Roosevelt said that It would be his very great person al desire to retire to his home on the Hudson For him to refuse the call to continued service it is iterated and reiterated would be as if Generals Eisenhower Marshall or MacArthur Admirals King and Nimitz would announce that they were surrendering their commis sion right in the midst of battle In other words in the demo cratic campaign strategy it isnt merely Franklin D Roosevelt president the United States who will be seeking reelection Its Franklin D Roosevelt in his commanderinchief of the armed forces status who will be the par tys bannercarrier Most delegates at this conven tion had their first look at young army had 4 to 5 German divisions completely pocketed in the rear at Brody Premier Stalins high command reported gains in many sectors of the 600 mile front along which the prized objectives of Kaunas Daugavpils Dvinsk and Brest Litovsk were nearly within the red armys grasp Battle scarred Lwow hub of 6 important rail lines and in so viet hands the last time in 1941 appeared certain to be lost by the reeling German defenders who fell back over 13 miles in the last 24 hours The gateway city to central Eu rope it is expected to be easily enveloped if the Germans choose to make a housetohouse fight It is situated on gently rolling hills surrounded by flat grain The newest of thepowerladen soviet offensives near the north east corner of the Latvian border is under the direction of Gen Ivan Ivanovich Maslennikov for merly one of Marshal Leonid A Govorovs leaders on the Lenin Bob Hannegan national party chairman when he dropped the gavel on the convention at the opening session Wednesday fore noon In voice and manner he re minds one of his illustrious pre decessor of a few years ago gen ial Jim Farley But the compari son doesnt go much further Hannegan is a lad who has come op the hard way in St lav Is party politics He started by ringing bells as a precinct work er and moved on step by step to more important positions On an occasion or two he has suffered Continued on Page 2 grad front Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Fair and cool Thursday and Thursday night Friday partly cloudy and slightly warmer with thundershowers west portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 78 Minimum Wednesday 50 At 8 a m Thursday 57 Rain Wednesday 02 inch ring his battered forces for on Schmundt and Lt Col Brandt and Lt Col Borg and Collabora tor Berger who were in Hitlers company were injured serious ly Only Wednesday the Russian press published a statement by the captured commander of the 41st German army tank corps Lt Gen Edmund Hofmeister saying there was grave dissent in ranks of the German high command with old generals dissatisfied with Hitlers strategy in refusing to retreat It was the 2nd time at least during the war that Hitler nar rowly missed death The 1st time was on Nov 8 1939 when a bomb exploded in the Munich beer hall just after By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Japan smarting under repeated American victories in the Pacific vhich have brought the war to icr very doorstep was shaken Thursday by a stunning govern ment upheaval as Tokyo an nounced the resignation Pre mier Gen Hideki Tojo and his entire cabinet Fall of the government of the boastful little militarist was dis closed in an official announce ment which said that Emperor Hirohito had called in the elder statesman Marquis Koichi Kido to consult on forming a more pow erful cabinet to cope with critical war situation now con fronting Japan Some hours after this announce ment a terse Tokyo bulletin said that Lt Gen Kuniaki Koiso gov ernorgeneral of Korea and Ad miral Mitsumasa Yonai a former premier had been ordered to form the succeeding cabinet A broadcast dispatch to Japanese areas added that important news the formation of the new government was expected GENERAL VIEW AS DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION is a general view of the floor as the democratic national convention began in Chicago stadium The galleries were sparsely filled for the opening session In background hangs portraits of all the deni ocratic presidents her allout attempt to stem the lied breakthrough drive British troops bolstering the ght wing of the drive beat the lard fighting Germans back eadily in the Noyers sector outhwest of Caen overrunning rategc positions including val able high ground and capturing he village of Landelle a mile vest of Noyers which still was in German hands On the American front Lt Gen Omar N Bradleys first army ad anced west of St Lo and swung southeast from points northwest of he captured town closing a loop n which a few German rear guards remained Above St Lo just west of Rem llySurLozon the doughboys pushed along a tiny stream anc captured the villages of La Varde Dhiebots and LAnge The battle south and east o aen continues Gen Dwight D Eisenhowers communique said Allied troops striking lowarc Troarn have reached the railway half a mile from the town whil other forces which had taken par in the clearing Louvigny anc Vaucelles have driven the enem from the villages of Cormelles an Ifs To the south and east of the villages our armor has been action against enemy armor and antitank defenses based in vil lages and farmsteads Front dispatches carrying for ward the delayed reports at headquarters indicated that Brit ish assaut forces had taken the rail station of Troarn 7 miles east of Caen and were battering through the streets of the stra tegic village which was in allied hands briefly earlier in the cam paign the fuehrer had left a celebration marking 1923 his illfated putsch of BUT your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy OVER HALF WAY With new volunteer blood donor registration blanks continuing to come in the new total for Cerro Gordo countys campaign is over the half way mark now stand ing at 1565 for the Mason City Clear Lake and Rockwell clinics combined To fill the countys quota of 2500 donors 935 additional vol unteers are needed The new Mason City total now stands at 1383 Clear Lake at 107 and Rockwell at 75 If you havent yet registered for this most im portant war effort project a registration blank will be found elsewhere in this edition of the GlobeGazette late tonight Designation of Koiso and Yonai to select a government apparent ly was an outgrowth of confer ences which Tokyo earlier said keeper of the privy held with many senior Japanese statesmen All information available Thursday indicated a new gov ernment had not yet been formed The resignation of Tojo who sent the Japanese against Pearl Harbor less than 2 months after he assumed the post of premier in October 1941 was announced in a series of broadcast dispatches by Domci official Japanese agen cy Tojo generally considered his nations supreme war lord and in ic American eye the personifica on of Japanese imperialism ap arcntiy is now stripped entirely power Tokyo announced Tuesday that had been relieved as chief of he army general devel pment that followed by one day shakeup in the Japanese naval omrnand These changes came si multaneously with Tokyos an nouncement to the Jalanese peo ple of the loss of Saipan import ant island base approximately 1300 miles southeast of the Japa icse homeland His resignation as premier carried with it resignation from lis concurrent post of minister of war A Domci dispatch recorded by the Associated Press said the 59 year old Tojo gathered together the resignations of all his minis ters and presented them along with his own to the emperor July 18 Domei snid that a few hours later Hirohito summoned Kido who as lord keeper of the privy seal holds the most important nonroyal position in the Japa nese empire After an audience with the emperor Kido called to gether a group of 7 former pre miers and others No hint was given of what they anything Kido 55 formerly was minister of home defense A graduate ot the Kyoto Imperial university ha has filled various government of fices in the past 30 years among them posts in the agriculture and commerce department the fisher ies bureau education minister 193738 and welfare minister 193839 Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGaxttta carrier boy ;