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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 20, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME Or WJSTORV KO ARCHIVES iA THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALt NORTH IOWANS NEIGHKOXS VOL XUX ASSOCIATED FUSS AND UNITED PfZSS FUU HOME EDITION mm MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JULY 20 1943 THIS PAPER CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS STCIION ONE NO 243 MANY ITALIANS IN SICILY MUTINY HEAVY DAMAGE IS BROUGHT TO BIG RR YARDS Report Outstandingly Successful Raid Is Made by Americans ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA headquarters described Mondays shattering aerial assault on Rome as an outstandingly successful Tuesday and disclosed officially that more than 500 American bombers carried out the raid with a loss of five planes Aerial reconnaissanceshowed heavy damage to all targets and a 9th V S air force com munique from Cairo said the Littoria railroad yards were destroyed Very severe damage was caused to the vital San Lorenzo rail yards also within the limits of the imperial city while grounded aircraft and hangars were destroyed at the Rome air drome The TaboneUi steel plant and a large chemical works were bat tered by the waves American raiders which swept over Rome for two and a half hours chal lenged by what was described of ficially as only slightopposition from enemy fighter planes Two enemy interceptors w e r e blasted out of the air by lightning and medium wars rfirat capital 1 X v y Et Gen Carl A Spaatzr com mander of the northwest Afri can air forces seat eongratnla Tuesday to Maj Gen James H Doolittle commander of the strategic air force for the success of the attack It is one of the attacks which your forces have carried on during the present bat tle all of which had a marked significance in their successful outcome Spaatz said The middle east communique said fourengined liberators of the 9th U S air force alone dumped nearly 330 tons of high explosives for their part in the mammoth assault x String after string oY bombs crisscrossed yards and photo graphs indicate that an area ot 400 yards by two miles long is a mass of twisted steel rails gap ing bomb craters and wreckage of rolling stoaks and buildings the bulletindeclared The official pictures of the havoc created by the bombers showed that the Ciampinb airport was severely damaged with a number of hangars blasted or set afire and a large number of parked aircraft riearby hit by fragmentation bombs The Lit toria airport near the railway yards also was hit hard More than 50 of the accurate lyplaced 560pound bom Vs showered on the Tall installa tions were officially to have struck the Littoria rail switching yards Roundhouses in both the Uttoria and San Lorenzo were hit An ammunition tram moving through the yards received sev eral direct hits and exploded con tributing to the destruction said an allied headquarters communi que 1 It added great deal of rolling stock and many railroad installations were destroyed The five planes lost in the at tack were from the squadrons which struck from North Africa The Cairo communique said not a Single plane was lost from the middle east formations participat ing in the raid i Meanwhile allied fighters and again raided Catania the I battered eastern Sicilian port and Struck hard at numerous Communications centers through put the island including Fandaz zo Minfa Fondaco Portotolo Stefano and Trapani During the days operations 11 axis planes were shot down com pared with a cost of nine allied craft including the five lost over American flyers part in Hie raid Rome agreed that heavy damage had been inflicted nrUIUrr Uriels ami expressed belief that few if any historic land marks in the eternal efty had DCCW 5 5OO Planes Lost in Raid on Rome RESISTANCE OF g AXIS WEAKENS YANKSADVANCE British Smash Back Desperate Nazi Tank Attacks Near Catania By DANIEL DE LUCE first aIIiWi hWr ITALIAN CAPITALPrincipal objectives of the allied bombing attack on Rome were railroad yards like those pictured above which thousands of German troops have been pouring to reinforce the defenders Italy and Sicily Pilots were instructed to avoid all nonmilitary targets Italians Put Toll at 166 Axis Propaganda Beats Drums of Indignation Over Raid on Rome LONDON axis propaganda beat the drums of in dignation Tuesday over the Ameri nrnfjy an tttal can bombing of Rome the official ne natlon Italian communique acknowledged h very great damage in Mondays e attack and placed the toll of vie tims at 166 killed and 1639 in jured Eleven buildings sacred to faith and scienceare reported hit and some of them partly destroyed as well as workers dwellings in the Prenestjria and Latin districts the communique saidbut it made no mention of the damage to mili tary objectives The bulletin broadcast by the Borne radio and recorded by the Associated Press declared that the attack by American forma tions of hundreds of fottreh glned planes lasted three hours and that seven of the raiders were downed by antiaircraft fire and one by Italian fighters Among the places partly de stroyed the communique said were the San Lorenzo Basilica Verano cemetery University City and Hospitals of the Polyclinic in stitute A German broadcast recorded by the Associated Press quoted a correspondent of Transocean Propaganda agency as saying that time bombs dropped by the Ameri can flyers in the outskirts of Home have exploded oneby one since Monday night Another broadcast by the Berlin radio which reported previously that Pope Pius XII had visited the basilica immediately after the raid said that Monsignor Giovan ni Battista Montini Vatican un dersecrelary of state had inter viewed American Charge dAf fairs Pitman in the Vatican It quoted DNB German news agency as assuming that a pro test had been handed to Pitman The report of the conference was not confirmed elsewhere Axis propaganda which ap parently was caught flatfooted by the allied methods in Man days assault began pvllmjc oat all stops Tuesday In attempts to stir indignation against the allies in neutral and Cattolie quarters One typical outburstcame from a German radio commentator Oteo Krieg who said in a broad cast recorded by the Associated Press Throughout the world to day there is but one theme on cry of indignation Rome has been bombed by terror raiders crooks and gangsters n Popola Di Roma was quoted in another broadcast as declaring All Manhattan and its skyscrapYEAR AGO ers the whole of the United States and its towns factories and harbors cannot compare in beauty and tradition with the Basilica of San Lorenzo The newspaper was quoted as saying that the raid disclosed the true intention of the enemy namely an attack against the life of the nation and declaring Neither pact nor armistice can be made with someone who threatens your life Italy will de fend herself against unworthy sacrilege The Berlin radio broadcasting a DNB dispatch from Rome said that leading personalities of the Vatican followed the raid from the highest points of Vatican buildings and observed with great sorrow the widespread destruc tion and heavy fires Report Duce in Special Shelter During Air Raid NEW YORK BBC Tuesday broadcast a Swiss dispatch on the American bombing of Rome say ing that Premier Mussolini spent the raid in a shelter con structed especially for him The broadcast recorded by CBS recalled that the Italian radio had said that Pope Pius XII had re tused to go to his shelter during the raid Giraud Arrives in Britain From Canada LONDON Henri Gi raud cochairman of the French committee of national liberation arrived in Great Britain Tuesday from Canada Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Not much change in temperature Tuesday after noon Tuesday night and Wed nesday forenoon IOWA Scattered showers extreme northwest portion Tuesday aft ernoon and in north and west portions late Tuesday night and Wednesday forenoon Continued warm MINNESOTA Scattered showers and thunderstorms except ex treme southeast portion Tues day night showers northeast portion Wednesday forenoon little change in temperature Tuesday night and Wednes day forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette wealher statistics Maximum Monday 86 Minimum Monday night 67 At 8a m Tuesday 74 Maximum R2 Minimum BLAST OREL ON Reds Tighten Semi Circle Around Nazis MOSCOW Russian siege guns were blasting the pivotal nazi base ot Orel from three sides Tuesday as the red army lightened its semicircle around the fortress dispatches from the front said Tuesday West of Orel a powerful soviet column penetrated 38 miles into the German rear as far as Ilin skoye scooping in 130 more villages bring to 240 the total taken since the Russian counter offensive began While the soviet communique reported only a modest advance of from four to six miles it in dicated how furiously the Ger mans are resisting with the dis closure that the Russians rebuffed 12 enemy counter attacks during the day The German communique said the Russians were beaten back in heavy fighting Monday with 562 tanks destroyed by nazi land troops supported by units of the German air force Heavy soviet attacks on he Kuban bridgehead west of Krim skaya were frustrated the com munique said adding iljat other drives on the Mius river and mid dle Donets sectors were also halted after hard fighting Heavy de fensive lighting continued in the but the nazis were able to beat back the heaviest tank and infantry attacks launch ed by the red armies the com munique asserted The German news agency DNB estimating Russian losses since July 5 said the nazis have destroyed 4800 tanks 2200 guns 1018 mortars 3765 machineguns and have taken 48000 prisoners The Russians also reported the capture of Lgovo near Ilinskoye on the cast bank of the Vytebet river and 3D miles northwest of Orel Kudriavets another town taken by the red army is 12 miles northwest of Ilinskoye the Rus sians reported SHOWS OPEN IN CENTRAL PARK Approximately 200 children waited in line to get on the flying horses and cars of the Great Blockaway Poland Showsin Cen tral park Tuesday as the crowds gathered and the gates were thrown open for the ShangriLa performance that was scheduled to continue all afternoon and eve ning Purchase of WAR STAMPS admit persons to rides and shows Buy War Bwrfs and carrier toy Local Flyer Survives Sea Crash Landing FOR WAR ON 1AP TO LAST TO49 Editors Note One of the members of the bomber crew which was on the mission de scribed in the following article by Vern Haugland of the Asso ciated Press was Cpl James R Peterson son of Mr and Mrs Wililam Peterson Illtt First street northwest He has two brothers in Ensign Dean C Peterson and Pfc IVIIilam K Peterson overseas By VERN HAUGLAXD SOMEWHERE IN NEW GUI NEA July stormbattered bomber crew dropped a record 5000 pound bomb load accurately oh its target ivhile one of the three remaining engines vibrated like a hula dan cer he crew recounted after sur Iiving a crash landing at sea All escaped unscathed al though he plane sank within 40 seconds when she was forced down on the ocean out of jjas after bouncing through two vio lent storms First Lt Ralph DC Loach the pilot from St Petersburg Fla said the gyrocompass failed half an hour after he took off on the bombing mission Then one engine died and another vibrated badly Next the plan hit sv violent storm The ship dropped like a plummet from HOGO to 10000 feel in a down draft Nevertheless the plane con tinued on its mission and the bombardier Lieutenant Heiman Bias of Greenville S Car dropped 5000 pounds of bombs Uponjjhe Loach said Hut was the heaviest bomb load ever carried by a plane out of his base On the return trip the plane ran almost into a waterspout which could be heard roaring like a great waterfall Then for two hours Lieutenant De Loach flew barely 50 feet above the water unable to see more than 20 feet through Ihc blind ing rain We sighted n small island the pilot said We saw a white flag with a red ball in the center Theve were a number of natives on the beach were afraid this was a Japancxeheld island but we had only five minutes fuel leit so we decided to land in the water The plane sank 40 sec onds but all ten of us managed to get out We clung lo our rub ber boat until the natives picked us up The chief soon allayed our fears by saying You Ameri cans We like De Loach said they were told the Japanese had invaded the island once and had mistreated the natives raping women and killing men An Australian on the island told them they were the first Americans ever lo visit the placet Lieutenant DC Loachs cover alls were lorn to ribbons so he made a sarong from his para chute He wore it until the creiv was taken to American occupied island Others in the crew included Cpi James Peterson Mason City Iowa JAMES PETERSON BOOT FOUND IN RrVEK CLINTON The body of Edward Daley 72 was found in the Mississippi river Monday Daley formerly a prominent Ful ton 111 businessman had been missing since Saturday when he Coroner Fred Morgan said dea was due to suicidal drowning th Knox Deplores Current Optimism Over Winning Conflict in Hurry WASH INGTON P miral Frederick J Home revealed Tuesday that the navy is plan ning for a war against Japan lo last at least until 1949 The vice ciiief of naval opera tions appearing at a press confer ence at which Secretary a x strongly deplored current optim ism over winning ot the war in a hurry declared we still have tre mendous distances to go in he Pacific and we have to Ipuild bnses from the ground up as we dvance Questioned about the time re quired to win victory in Eur ope Home said that his opinion was entirely a guess and he gave no date He declared how ever that there is a sooddeal of wishful thinking in expecta tion of a collapse of Germany He predicted there will he no such morale collapse in the army as there was in 1918 be cause lie said German soldiers have been trained in Hitlerism and have been separated from the family connections through which a spirit defeat was transmitted in the last war Home and Secretary jomed m Tctory march in the Pa cific long though it may be will never stop short of complete sur render by the enemy I expect we wont be satisfied with the fall of the Japanese fleet HQine said expect to see our people in Tokyo before this thing is over unless we want another war within a generation We must make this so expen sive for them Knox said that they another one Knox described the fighting for Sicily as the conquest of an outpost and said American troops face in Europe an army of 7000000 or 8000000 men All talk about an caily ending of war is wishful thinking the secretary declared emphatically It has caused a letup in pro and were already feeling the effects ot this he added Its just criminal to do it We have immense armies to equip and get into the field BACKS REPORT ON PAMPHLET Dr Friley Approves Committees Findings Charles E Fri ley president of the Iowa Stale college Tuesday announced that he has approved Hie report of the joint committee of representatives of the college and dairy interests of the siafe regarding pamphlet No 5 Putting Dairy on a War IOWA CITY Emer itus George Frederick Kay wide ly known geologist and for 24 years head of the college of lib eral arts at the State University of Iowa died Monday night after a two months illness He was 69 years old Famed among geologists for liis studies on the glacial history of Iowa and on the Pleistocene period Dean Kay was a famil iar figure to thousands of Uni versity of Iowa students during his 36year tenure after joining the faculty in 1907 As head of the college in which a majority of the universitys stu dents were enrolled Dean Kay was closely associated with he growth ot the institution He served as dean from 1917 to 1941 and selected the first direc tors ot the schools of journalism fine arts letters and religion which were organized within the college of liberal arts during his administration Born on a farm near Virginia Ontario Canada on Sept 14 187J Kay taught school in On tario earned B A and M A de grees at the Universityof Toronto and came to the United Slates in 1902 for advanced studies at the University ot Chicago After a threeyear period on the University of Kansas ge ology faculty Kay came to the University of Iowa in as professor of post hr held for 36 years retiring from fulltime service this year under board of education regu lations In 1911 Kay became heart of the department of geology direc tor of the Iowa geology survey and state geologist He continued in those capacities until 1934 AsIowas spent his summers for 15 years studying glacial and intergla cial deposits Terming Iowa Hie classic area of the world for stu dents ot glacial geology lie gave the name gumbotil to a type ot clay which he found resulted from weathering of the glacial till In another study IID com puted the minimum length of lime involved in the Pleistocene period at about one million years Other studies undertaken on behalf of the U S geological survey and the department of agricullure ook Kay on field trips Into Colorado Oregon California and Alaska Dean Kay received his PhD degree from the University of Chicago in 1914 in 1035 received a D Sc degree from Cornell col lege Ml Vernon Iowa and in 1936 was presented an honorary Lid by the University of Tor onto He was a fellow of the American Association for the Ad vancement oE Science a member fo Sigma Xi and in 1929 was president of the Iowa Academy of Science Funeral services willbe held at 2 oclock Wednesday afier noon in the First Presbyterian church j Surviving Dcrfn Kay are two sons Doctor George M associate professor ot geology at Columbia university and Dr Calvin I of the University ot Pennsylvania medical school and now a captain in the army medical corps in India ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA troops are stabbing deeper into western and central Sicily against weakening axis resistance by Italians reported mutinying against German officers and Brit ish forces in the vital battle lor Catania have smashed back des perate German tank attacks it was announced Tuesday Allied troops were within ar tillery range of Sicily stronghold commanding main roads and railroads east and pounding at the sates of Catania the prop of all eastern coast defenses There are many indications of mutinies by Italian troops com manded by German officers and hundreds ot Italians are surren dering to American troops slrik ing ahead westwards the allied communique said On the smokecovered Catania plain British eighth army ad vance guards shattered a series of nazitank assaults launched in desperate defense of the great seaport With several bridgeheads estab lished over the network of three in the Catania plain the DJI j j ruQ British stolidly held a Fooling The committee recommended immediate retractionand revision of the original bulletin at a meet ing on the Iowa State college campus July 12 Doctor Friley staled the pam phlet will be written in con formance with the committee rec ommendations by a college group composed of representatives ot the departments of dairy industry dairy husbandry foods and nutri tion as well as economics and so ciology Representatives of the slate dairy groups will also be con suited in the rewriting Dean Emeritus George F Kay found geological deposits in the Mason City region to be of much interest and was here several times in connection with a study of those deposits He gave 1 com mencement address here several years ago YOUTH 1C SENTENCED NKEOKUK 16 year old Keokuk youth was sentenced by District Jutlge J R Leary Mon day to a five year term at Ana mosa reformatory in connection with an escapade last spring in which the youth his brother and another lad caused more than 51000 damage to plate glass store windows by running glass cutters over their surface Military Questions Are Discussed by Hitler Duce Adolf Hitler Premier solini met in a north Italian city for discussion of military mat ters ihe Berlin radio announced Tuesday night in a Berlin dis patch recorded by the Associated Press The meeting occurred Monday A communique issued from Hit ion ill businessman had been Icrs headquarters Tuesday said missme tmrf viunn ti The fuehrer and H duce met r Auumei ana u auce me Sf M Clmlm hospital Monday July 19 in a city in up Coromr Frerf per Italy Military flucsUons were discussed met doom clearly forced a new meet ing i judk jnei April 7 to 10 at Hitlers headquar ters where H was announced they reached complete agree ment on all measures to be taken in any respect Both Hitler and Mussolini have remained silent as new disasters ut Aiessma fierce battles came upon their fal in which great numbers British ot lumsia the bombing of the Parachutists were wiped out were Ruhr and the invasion ot Sicily K But ihe increasing portents of Believe British Building Up for Knockout Blow ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA headquarters observers did not vieuthe British pause outside Catania as a temporary check but as a buildup for a knockout blow to carry through that port to Messina 50 miles up the coast Possibly explaining the whole sale Italian surrenders and re ports of mutinies it was stated that at least half the 35000 axis prisoners so far captured were born in Sicily iiing from the sea westward in the direction of Ramacca They were within at least three miles of Catania The German Goering grenadier regiment and nazi parachute troops used with infantry were thrown into the continuing battle and suffered heavily it was re ported The U S seventh army of Lt Gen George S Patton Jr was within 60 miles of Palermo the leading north coast port of Sicily and ivas cuttinr a wide swath through the heart of the enemy lint encountering most total lack of resistance by Kalians an official statement said V Mutinies among the Italian units led by German officers was one of the gravest signs yet re ported of ultimate axis collapse in Sicily Some Italian units already re portedly have killed German com manders who tried to prevent their surrender General Giulio Ccssara Gotti Porcinari commander of the 54th Napoli division has been captured the fourth divisional commander to be aken General Porcinari had been sent back to Sicily as a failure as a Held commander in Libya Canadian forces advancing north of Piazza Arminera were con fronted by units of tha resusci tated German 15th armored divis ion in strong opposition but they continue to fight their way for ward At Catania eighth army troops are gathering strength and armored patrots are proWng the defenses of axis strongly established at the foot of nit Etna lo bar the narrow coastal route Thus in preparation was a mighty push which some observer said might reach to the Messina strait almost as quickly as tha eighth army advanced from Cape Passero to the gates of Catania Once Catania falls there is no strong place lor an axis stand short of Messina Fierce battles reported by the German radio Catania again was bombed with one raid slatting lires over a square block Randozzo north west ot Ml Etna and an enemy ;