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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 19, 1945, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSrAPER THAT MAKES AVL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOU LI Associated Press and United Prras Full Five Cents a Copy MASON CHIT IOWA THURSDAY JULY 19 1945 Tills PJJKT Conalsls ot Two One American Combatman Reveals Guardhouse Beatings 600 B29s Hit Japs CHINESE CLOSE Blasts ShakP n rrT eun i p AS BIG 3 ADVISERS HELD FIRST CONFERENCE IN big 3 are shown around the conference table in the historic palace in Potsdam Germany during the first meeting of the group President Truman is indi INSIDE WASHINGTON Chinas Number Two Man Foreign Minister T V Soong By HELEN ESSARY Central Press Correspondent that T V Soong is definitely established as foreign minister in China as No 2 man in his own country will Madame Kaishek leave the United States and go home to her people This is one of the questions the knowing Chinese in the capital are asking Actually Madame Chiang was not the official rep resentative of the Chinese govern ment when she first came on her triumphal tour to America She came so some Chinese Insist be eanse she wantedto prbveto het generalissimo husband that she was a person of great power and that he must recognize her own family ot which T V Soong is the head When Madame Chiang returned to China she did not convince h e r husband despite her I American re ception that the Soongs should stay So this is the lat est story she left China again to take the es tates in New York where she now lives as a 1 protest to her MME CHIANG husband It was extremely humiliating to Generalissimo Chiang to have the exciting and able Mei Ling leave him It is always humiliating to a Chinese gentleman to have his wife leave him For Chiang Kai shek it was a loss of face indeed hard to bear He has written Madame Chiang regularly since she left imploring her to come back Madame Chiang has re fused his request He had insulted her family she said She would stay in America But now with T V Soong again in power Madame Chiang has won the contest with the general issimo She has triumphed also over the enemies who were trying to influence her husband against her family may return to China One of the tough problems fac ing the navy arid the maritime commission What shall we do with war damaged ships Millions of dollars worth of slightly and heavily bartered ves sels are now creeping into United States ports Shall these ships be taken out to sea and sunk Shall they be repaired Or shall they be beached somewhere in case they are needed within the nexl decade or so If the ships are repaired the cost in labor and material will b great If they are sunk the wast will be shocking If they are beached why not break them up into scrap iron and steel and other useful components to be bought and used by such industries as will need iron and steel in their plants But how break up for example a ship half as long as a city block A crack here and there with a hammer wont do the trick Doht worry about how to break them up Let them stand idle and in one piece if you must Th is the opinion of thoughtful navy and maritime chiefs Whatever you do dont throw awayand de stroy valuable materials Natun isnt going on forever giving such an abundance of metal as we dug out of her mines to help win thi war We in this generation hav no right to squander the resources the next generation wiJl surely need cated by arrow back to camera Stalin is at right and Churchill at left background Seated next to Mi Truman are his advisers 2 on each side Big Three TRUMAN HOLDS BIG STICKU S AID TO EUROPE Heavy Mystery Still Shrouds Conference of World Leaders If pis dam Tru nan carriedinto the3rd Big 3 session Thursday the most po tent bargaining stock of the con of dollars of American aid to be balanced oCC against military help in the Pa cific Premier Stalin and Prime Mini ter Churchill are learning that Mr Trumans positionin this conference is strictly give and take An official of the few pieces of concrete in formation seeping through the rigid censorship revealed that Mr Truman was giving an offi cial state dinner Thursday night Churchill Stalin and 5 repre sentatives of each government were attending The Big 3 had established a schedule regular meetings The foreign ministers were meeting daily at II a m to prepare the material for the following meet ing of Mr Truman Stalin and Churchill This procedure began Monday with Secretary of State James F Byrnes presiding and the chairmanship rotating there after Charles Ross white house press secretary disclosed that Gen Omar Bradley was summoned to the conference compound Fri day to discuss his new job as chief veterans administration with Mr Truman The presidents policy it can be revealed is essentially this The United States will not pour out its tremendous material wealth without something concrete in re turn It will not undertake fresh economic burdens without some concessions from the other side Andair Truman is completely uninterested in concessions in volving goods or there simply isnt any of either in Europe Instead he intends to fit the United States material wealth to the situation of the different United nations including Russia And the best legal tender in hi Chungking UR Gen George E Stratemeyer has as sumed command of U S army air forces in the china theater U S army headquarters an nounced Thursday Stratemeyer will have his headquarters near that of Chinese theater head quarters to permit close co ordination with Chinese air and ground commanders the an nouncement said FRANCO SHIFTS SPAIN CABINET Madrid government informants said Thursday that Generalissimo Franco would an nounce a new Spanish cabinet Thursday changing virtually ev ery minister Names were not announced It was learned however that the slate will include a number ol persons known as Don Juan mon archists and civilian spokesmen of the Catholic church of Spain rather than falangisk The new cobinct was said to be designed to bridge what Franco called the preparative period between the present regime anc themonarchy he has promised to restore How many months or years Franco expects the new cabinet to serve until a king enthroned still is vague JAPTONER ESCAPES CAMP sailor as five feet four inches tall weighing 125 pounds and xcearing a prisoneroCwar uniform It sail he escaped late Tuesday Des nioines of Sea man Mitsuo Yamamoto 20 from nrsai itiiaer in nis Camp McCoy Wis Japanese view is anything that will bring Prisonerofwar camp was re the war against Japan to a speedy Ported Wednesday by the federa end bureau of investigation here The president is a veteran of I The FBI described the Japanes World war and is mindlul ot the horrors of this conflict and his basic aim in Potsdam is to further the winning ol the Pacific war The horsetrading Missourian is known to be sympathetic to Eur opes reconstruction needs but he believes that the United States economic structure will not stand too much additional strain with out some form of cooperative compensation Meanwhile all accounts filter ing out through the close confer ence censorship indicated that startling developments are im pending in the Japanese war It was believed here that a definite connection exists between Stalins recent conversations with Chi nese Premier T V Soong in Mos cow and Soongs earlier talks with Mr Truman in Washington Orders Ickes o Operate Rubber Plant Washington Tru lan Thursday directed Petroleum Administrator Ickes to take over and operate the Sinclair Rubber company plant at Houston Tex where workers have voted tc trike In an executive order directing he seizure the president said thai is a result of labor disturbances it the plant there is a real sub itantial and immediate emergen y inthe form of a threatened In erruptiori in the production of mtadiene used in making syn helie rubber required for the war iffort The president said the imme diacj and extent of the emergen cy will not permit a further delaj vithout irreparable damage to the war effort Members of the CIO oil work ers international union local at the Sinclair plant voted Monday 361 to 129 to strike The union had sought to reopen its contract witl he company and to obtain a union shop in place a union se curity clause The Bth regional vrar laboi board at Dallas Tex ruled in 4to2 decision Wednesday nigh that the union had no good causi to strike Labor members dis sented lowan Returns With Goerings Guest Book ereston Edward Ken ney returned on leave to Crestoi with a leatherbound guest boo from the hunting lodge of Hermai Goering as one of the trophies hi obtained in Germany The elaborately bound volume ivhich bears the bronze head o an elk and the swastika and con tains an oil painting of th lodge is filled with the names o most of the ranking nazis as we as 3 Japanese officers ot higl standing The last signature in the vol ume which was presented t Goering by the German Hunters association in the winter of 1940 1941 was made early this sprin lowan in Conference Kefchikan Alaska Rep Jensen RIowa was among congressmen hearing testimon for 3 hours Wednesday concernin Alaskas needs and desires in eluding a request for more horn rule with the right for Alaska t elect its own governor The con gressmen are on tour of Alaska Name Postmaster Washington Nbminatio ot James Burnham Silsby for th postmastership at Lamoni Iowa has been sent to the senate b President Truman WAR AT A GLANCE By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS allied hammered the Tokyo area Carrier plan attacked Japanese combatant ships in Yokosuka naval base south Tokyo Cruisers and destroyers pounded Nojima Cape also south c Tokyo Transferred European airmen joined far east air forces i attacking the Japanese homeland fleet units bombarded shore positions Balikpapan Bay Aussie troops gained ground west of bay command reported 1300 Japanese crossed int Chinese territory July 14 but 2 days later were routed Japanes garrison heading overland toward Swatow from Amoy capture highway junction town of Yunsiao Chinese forces pressed towar former US airbase Kweilin reportedly massing for an offensive iti th Sittang nver bend NO London OJPJ An American ombat infantryman charged in a etter to the army newspaper tars and Stripes Thursday that e and other soldiers many of hem wounded veterans were eaten and clubbed repeatedly by Vmsrican guards at the 10th re lacement depot in England The soldier whose name was ithheld by Stars and Stripes aid he was clubbed on 4 sep rate occasions by American offi crs and noncoms for minor in fractions of the guardhouse regu lations I have been reading so much about a private in the V S army being courtmartialed for hittine German prisoners of war the soldier wrote So what They dont go to that much trouble about an American The anonymous doughboy writ er said he spent more than 4 months in the 10th depot guard house and that during that time he saw soldier prisoners beaten on many occasions I know they beat men with clubs there and made life miser able for them with different types of punishment he went on The reason I know is they beat me up 4 times and made me double time against a wall while 2 jailers held my arms and 3 beat me They said they had orders from the commanding officer of the post They could do anything they wanted with the prisoners Even if we were in the guard house we should rate higher than any German PW I am not bitching because I pulled time either he added I goofed off and I got what was coming to me Im just hitching about the way hey treated us I have been in combat The letter was signed A Dough in Company M 310th Infantry An army spokesman told the United Press that the beating charges were already being offi cially investigated by the inspec tor generals office No charges will be made until the investigation is completed HINESE CLOSE N ON HANGCHOW Drive for Former American Airbase Chungking ommunique Thursday announced Chinese troops have captured ukiang 60 miles southwest of Hangchow in central Chekiang rovince and arc now closing in n heavily fortified Hangchow Bay where the Japanese are pre oared lor a possible allied land ng Pukiang Is located approxi mately 15 miles west of the rail vay leadine southwest from ihanghai to Changsa and the Chinese rice bowl The communique also reported hinese forces have recaptured a oint 15 miles northwest ot KAvei in in northeastern Kwangsi province in a concerted drive for he former great American aic ase city The Chinese Central News igency Thursday quoted Gen Jang EnPo commander of Chi nese forces in the Kweilin area is saying that Kweilin would be by the end July Tang said the Japanese under leavy pressure are showing def nite signs of abandoning Kwei m He saidthat the Japanese re reat northeast of Kweilin is com pletely cut off and that3 strong Chinese columns are closing in on the city from 3sides reducing he Japanese garrison to the status of a turtle inside a jar Kweilin Is the largest of 12 American airbases overrun by the Japanese last November Six of hcsc bases have already been recovered On July 17 the Chinese com munique reported Chinas troops were storming the suburbs ot Kweilin and unconfirmed reports said that one of the airfields in he southwestern part of the citj lad already been captured Apparently the Chinese now plan to catch the airbase city in a pincejrs movement from the northeast and southwest causing it to fall its own weight wher the Japanese are forced to with draw BRETTON WOODS NEAR APPROVAL Expect Senate OK on World Bank Program Washington par ticipation in a world monetarj compact neared congressional ap proval Thursday but many legis lators looked to big 3 agreement ai Potsdam for far greater impac on Europes postwar economy The senate may approve b nightfall legislation dealing thi country in with a contribution o an fund to stabilize world currencie and a 53175000000 capital sub scription to a ban to make loans for reconstructs and development The measure then will go bac to the house lor expected routin agreement on 2 minor amend ments and then to President Tru man for his signature Because it will be 18 month before the fund and bank pro jected by 44 nations at Bretto Woods N H can swing into fu operation leaders sought speed senate passage also of a house approved bill to boost exportim port bank capital from 3700000 000 to 83500000000 This woul provide funds to stimulate im mediate trading between Europ and this country While some supporters calle this a comprehensive program fo ministering to Europes ills other made it plain they believe Mi Truman Prime Minister Church ill and Premier Stalin must rcac other basic agreements if theAvar devastated continent is to rev its trade Name AssistantLeader Washington of Mrs Alma K Schneider o Mount Morrison Colo as assi tant director the Republic national committee womens div sion was announced Thursday i Committee Chairman Her be Brownell Jr ployment imetable Paris Is edeployment time table Second Indian Head infantry vision On the high seas with le first contingents expected to in the United States early week Fifth Red Diamond infantry t sea first elements due in port bout next Tuesday July 24 Fortyfourth Jersey infantry hedulcd to reach New York Fri y Thirteenth Armored Final de ichment scheduled to clear Le tavre Thursday Ninth Army headquarters Ad ance units on the high seas rest xpected to leave Le Havre Fri ay Twentieth armored Advance nits at sea main body at Camp ucky Strike in the Le Havre aging area expected to clear ort next Wednesday or Thurs ay Twentyeighth Keystone Sn ntrs Advanceparty at sea bulk division at Camp Old Gold in Havre area Thirtieth Old Hickory infan ry First units scheduled to leave e Havre Sunday main body at rocessing camp Oklahoma City n the Reims assembly area Thirtyfifth Santa Fe infan ry Advance party awaiting ship lent at Le Havre remainder in eims assembly area Fourth Xhunderhird infantry idvance units at Reims bulk o livision expected there by nex Tuesday Advance elements of the 44th nd and 5th Infantry divisions anc he 13th armored already are Buy your War Bonds and itamps from your GlobeGazette arrier Jjpy Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Thurs day night and Friday continued moderately warm owa Generally fair Thursday night and Friday except widely scattered brief thundershowers in northwest and extreme wes portions Thursday night ant Friday Continued warm cloudy Thurs day night and Friday with loca day night and north and wes portions Friday no decidei change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Wednesday 79 Minimum Wednesday 59 At 8 a m Thursday 66 YEAR AGO Maximum 88 Minimum 57 Blasts Shake Canada Navy Arms Depot Halifax fl Canadian navy numtions set off by a jetty lire rocked the Halifax area overnight with four huge explosions and a series lesser discharges which ndecl only after dawn Thursday Damaging and crippling blasts persisted for more than 13 hours it the depot in nearby Dart mouth One was felt in Saint John N B 125 miles away Fear had been expressed that he main magazine containing 50000 depth charges would go up Jut the explosions dwindled and the flames died down Thursday A dull thud about 7 a m central war time appeared to be the last of the series There were 13 known casual ties 12 persons were injured and one was missing The whole civilian population ot Dartmouth approximately 17 000 persons and others living in the north end ot Halifax were evacuated on official orders Fireworks dotted the sky Win dow glass was shattered Build ings were rocked on their founda tions A veteran naval officer said the intensity of the explosion was worse than anything he had ever seen in battle The first of the major fexplos ions occurred at p m central war Atlantic FLEET SHELLS WITHIN SIGHT OF NIP PALACE Carrier Planes Swarm Down on Trapped Jap Warship in Tokyo Bay By LEONARD MILU1UAN Associated Press War Editor A mighty fleet of American Superforts largest yet to take off from the Marianas hit 4 Japanese cities and an oil refinery with nearly 4000 tons of incendiary and demolition bombs before dawn Friday Tokyo time Targets for this attack by more than 600 planes in the campaign to burn out or demolish Japans war industry centers were Hitachi industrial center north of Tokyo which was shelled the nisrht of July 1718 by allied war ships ChosliI an important fishing center Fukui an important Industrial city and rail center Okazaki an old and highly in flammable city of backyard war industries The Ninpon oil refinery in the OsakaAmagasaki area p m a m and a m WHISKY MAKING WILL CONTINUE Washington of beverage alcohol will continue during August with distilleries operating at 20 to 25 per cent of capacity Secretary of Agriculture Ander son Thursday aliocated 2500000 bushels of grain other than corn for this purpose Industrial al cohol manufacturers previously were allowed to resume making beverage alcohol during July Anderson said the new alloca lion made to distilleries return to war alcohol output He added that the restriction on the use of corn for manufacture either of industrial or beverage alcohol and the limitation on use of other grains were made to con serve grain for food and livestock feed Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from yuur GlobeGazette carrier boy THE OLD ARMY dollars change hands at Camp Miami near Reims France as men awaiting re deployment to U S and Pacific indulge in the armys most popular pastime shooting dice The raids brought the B29 in endiary attacks to a total of 57 n which 46 Japanese cities have been charred The foray came as American warships Thursday carried the air eaattack on the Tokyo area into he 3rd consecutive day shelling outer approaches to the Japanese capital within sight the imperial 33 lace Cruisers and destroyers turned heir guns loose in a midnight at lack on Nojima roinl 28 miies from Yokosuka naval base where I hours previously hundreds of carrier planes swarmed down on fighting hut trapped Japanese warships These blows at both flanks of ihe entrance to Tokyo bay were the most daring sorties made by Feeble Attempt San Francisco Tokyo newspaper Maimclu Shimbun said Thursday that the American task force raids in Japanese home wa ters were a feeble attempt to entice the Japanese air force into action Atlm William F Bull Halseys powerful 3rd fleet For 10 days it has been roaming up and down the main island of Japan in what Tokyo described as reconnais sance in force lo test Japanese air power and to pick out a likely landing point for an invasion which may come sooner than ex pected The light fast task force under Rear Adrn Carl Holden opened up on Nojima Point at 11 p m Wed nesday night Japan time and kept blazing away until early Thursday On a clear night the mikado standing in his palace 55 miles to the north could see the flashes of their guns Targets were shore defenses around the point at the southern extremity of Boso peninsula forming the western arm of Tokyo bay The bombarding force of un disclosed size included the new cruisers Topeka Oklahoma City Atlanta and Dayton all built within the last 2 years and the destroyers Ault and John W Weeks It was the 4th naval bom bardment of the Japanese home land within 5 days Across the entrance lo Tokyo bay American carrier Tokyo said there were streaked out of murky skies down on the Yokosuka naval yard and an unannounced number of war ships These sequestered remnants oJ the Japanese fleet probably were cruisers and destroyers perhaps camouflaged and already damaged from previous American assaults But they put up intense and ac curate antiaircraft fire Tokyo claimed 40 were shot Poor visibility prevented reconnaissance planes from finding out how much damage was done This attack on one of most important naval bases probably the largest in daylong ;