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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 19, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH 1OWANS NEIGH MRS POL L Axodalcd Prau lad United Pmt fun Lcwed Onu Cepjrt MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JULY 19 1944 Thto Paptr CowliH at Two NO WAY CLEAR FOR MAIN ASSAULT ON GOTHIC LINE Virtually All Port Facilities Destroyed by German Troops Rome CUR American troops captured the great Tyrrhenian port of Livorno Wednesday crumpling the western anchor of the German defenses across Italy in the biggest allied victory of the Italian campaign since the fall of Livorno fell to the United States j nits ot Lt Gen Mark W Clarks fth army soon after allied head uarters announced that Polish rces had captured Ancona the driatic anchor of the nazi de ense line The twin victories at either end f the Italian line unhinged the ardpressed German defenses nd cleared the way for a frontal nslaught against the gothic line efore which the nazis were strug ling to make their first stand fter a precipitate flight from lome Virtually all the port facilities f Livorno prewar city of 200000 ad been destroyed by the Ger nans to prevent their use by the Hies as a gateway of supplies and Interest Is on 2nd Place in Demo Ticket By EARL HALL GlobeGazette Managing Editor calling this a vice presidential nominating con vention And that isnt bad as a descriptive term because princi pal interest in the preliminary stages the quadrennial affair centers about second place on the ticket with President Roosevelt Its an old rule of polities course that you cant beat some body with nobody A corollary to this rule is that you cant beat somebody with a whole Hock of candidates And this latter is a chief pillar of hope for the sup porters of Henry A Wallace These include the entire Iowa del egation As the gavel tell on the con vention Wednesday forenoon it was Mr Wallace with the presi dents faint blessing against a large field of possibilities There was ho question but what he had a greater strength going in than any one of his rivals or any two for that matter But there was a a very sizable even with the gentle push from the white house he could com mand enough votes for nomina tion against the field The question mark therefore whether those backing what might be termed the favorite Italian sons could be persuaded to join Rome forces behind one candidate to be set up lor the specific purpose of beating Wallace Lets take a look at some of those favorite sons Probably the most formidable on the list is Sen Alben W Bark ley of Kentucky identified in the public prints as Dear Alben a salutation once applied to him by President Roosevelt Sen Barkleys strengths are that he is nationally known he is a most effective speaker and he comes from a middle border state which is regarded as essential to democratic success He would be acceptable to southerners and to quasisoutherners Mr Barkleys weaknesses it is pointed out are two First he is 66 years old which would add fuel to the republican charge that emforcements the new deal has gone venerable That hasnt been regarded as olc in previous years but it may be in thiscampaign vThe second and probably more r important weak Bark ley armors ishis attack on the president for his veto of the t ax bill handed to him by con gress only a few short months ago In point of effectiveness it was probably more devastating thai anything that has been uttered against the president at any timi in his 12 years in the wnite house It was potent because it earn from one who had been Ins friend and staunch supporter Consider what could be done by republican campaigners pick ing excerpts out of that speech observed one Iowa delegate in commenting on the possibility o Barkleys nomination James F Byrnes of South Caro Una member of the U S suprom court before becoming war mobi lization director has pretty muc the same appeal as Barkley 1 dozen years as senator followm 14 years in the house taughthin the way around in Washington be fore his elevation to the suprem bench Mr Byrnes is one year younge than Barkley That still make him an old year Bu more than that he comes from South Carolina where the Jin against Negroes is perhaps a sharply drawn as in any state i the union This latter may wcfgh heavi ngainst him because of the fact that in at least a halt dozen north ern stales the Negro vole is a potent balance of power Among these states are New York with 400000 Negro voters Illinois with 200000 Ohio with 190000 Penn sylvania with 300000 and New Jersey with 130000 The best way I know of to kiss off any chance for democratic suc cess in these states this same Iowa delegate observed would be to nominate a South Caro linan Byrnes withdrawal Wednesday morning from the vice presidency race in deference to the presi dents wishes probably will be taken seriously by the delegates It added new fuel however to the horse race character for the second position on the ticket Sen Harry F Byrd of Virginia gained attention as a vice presi dential nominee when a bloc of southern states following the lead of the Texas socalled regular delegation came out forthe Vir ginian Whether he would accept or whether he would be acceptable to the president had not been learned at the time this was written Paul McNntt of Indiana white of hair and bronzed of complexion arrived here Tuesday night just after the Indiana delegation an nounced that his name would be placed before the convention Mc Nntt was the conventions pre ferred candidate 4 years ago when Wallace was named by while bouse edict Sen Harry S Truman of Mis souri who distinguished himself by his effective work in investi gating the war industries has a Continued on Page Z CLAIM TRUMAN F R 2ND CHOICE Falls Masses of Tanks Battle on Caen Plains Allies Smash Onward in AllOut Drive GENERAL MONTGOMERY Excellent tough fight lasting Other towns which cona after a several days fell included Camerano miles By VIRGIL P1NKLEY Supreme Headquarters AEF and Canadian arm ored columns smashed deeper into the Normandy plains below Caen Wednesday Gen Sir Bernard L Montgomery announced in a blazing showdown battle with German Marshal Erwin Rommels hastilymassed panzer legions for the roads to Paris and the heart of France Montgomery reported further progress on the second day of the Britsh 2nd armys offensive while the greatest armored battle ever fought in western Europe swirled over the countryside on a wide arc both east and south of Caen with perhaps hundreds of tanks engaged on both sides Its outcome may largely deter ine the length of the European var Front dispatches said British pearheads which drove several miles beyond Caen in a major breakthrough during the first ew hours of the offensive Tues day already were across a high vay running to Vimont 7 miles outheast of Caen and had cap ured a number of villages and lamlets Receiving newsmen at British army headquarters in France The citys many big bridges the inly contact with the mainland also were wrecked by the nazis in an extreme application of the acorched earth policy 1 Livorno fell k American forces who bad swung around it in a wide flanking maneuver and closed in from the east while other units were smashing through he formidable German fortifica ions guarding its southern ap proaches Front dispatches preceding the announcement that Livorno had alien said the Germans wera fighting a rear guard covering ac tion before it and were expected to yield the city at any time to avoid the threat of entrapment by the U S spearhead probing up the Arno valley toward Pisa Livorno the great Tyrrhenian port was reported in ruin more thoroughly smashed than any town yet attacked by the allied 5th army The American forces already had bypassed it in a rush up the Arno valley within plain sight of the leaning tower of Pisa Ancona fell Tuesday afternoon to Polish units of the 8th army as the culmination of their 75 mile advance in the last few weeks The Germans had concentrated 2 divisions to defend the anchor base with a peacetime population of 95000 The Poles badly mauled the divisions and took more than 2000 prisoners The whole eastern wing of the from the coast Paterno DAncona 6 miles southwest of the name sake town and Agugliano south of Paterno The Poles stormed through An cona after a breakthrough to the west and their infantry sup port ed by armor are still relent lessly pnrsnine the retreating en emy Gen Sir Harold R L G Alexanders daily comnraniqui said In central Italy British troop of the 8th army crossed the uppei Arno on a front of 6 miles anc to the west captured Montevarchi 15 miles from Arezzo High ground just east of Citt Di Castello 18 miles northwest o Gubbio in the Tiber valley fell to the 8th army along with Mont Cedronc Other forces establishe themselves upon hill 974 4 mile due east of Arezzo On the lower Arno below Pisa the American drive to the river at captured Pontedera placed the Americans astride the PisaFlor ence road and split the German forces south of the Arno The Americans were consoli dating the southern bank of the Arno around Pontedera 6i miles north of Livorno and about 2 miles southeast of Monte Pisano hill mass which dominates the western valley of the Arno as well as Livorno and Pisa GERMAN GENERALS IN with this Moscow photo says it shows German generals under guard on a street in Moscow during the movement of German war prisoners thiough the city Tuesday Associated Press wirephoto by radio from Mos cow engraving by Kayenay Report Reds Smashing Nearer Brest Litovsk Montgomery declined to reveal Ihe extent of the advance but German defenses crumpled Other elements of the 8lh army took Olfanga 8 miles southwest of An We have a nice little area on the other side of the Orne river with Caen as the center We had a very good day an excellent day We gained tac ticalsurprise situa tion down there is that we have strong force south southeast and east of Caen Many casualties were In flicted on the enemy on the south and east banks of the Orne but British and Canadian casualties were almost negligible and losses of equipment very light Montgomery said He estimated German casual ties since Dday June 6 at 156 000 killed 80000 wounded and 60000 prisoners The Germans were losing vehicles at the rate 50 a day he said Operations are progressing suc essfully a conservative official atemcnt released at supreme eadquarters said as the allout ritish offensive passed its 30th our From an advanced com and post came the prediction hat news the highest import nee may be imminent Headquarters declined to reveal RUSSIANS GROSS CURZON LINE Troops Sweep Upon Lwow Like Tidal Wave London dispatches said Wednesday vthat Russian Democrats Open Convention With Lots of WhoopdeDo By FREDERICK C OTHMAN Chicago Stadium democrats opened their national con vention Wednesday with whoopdedo There wasnt much doing of importance on the speakers stand where the orators mostly were local dignitaries but the democrat cheered everything They CHARGED WITH MURDER Davenport iK Mrs Margaret Willis 20 Negro pleaded inno cent Tuesday when arraigned on a charge of mudcring her hus band Jesse 27 The case was until July 25 c Fiume YUGOSLAVIA SARDINI A ADVANCE NORTH IN above map of Italy mdicatiriE Leghorn which was captured Wed nesday shows how far up Italy allied forces have advanced brc6s fenses of the great fortress city of Brest Utovsk on the river Bug and that other red troops had crossed the Curzon line into Po land proper 45 miles to the north The fresh Russian offensive 6th major stroke in the summer campaign was declared sweeping upon Lwow like a tidal wave North of the old Polish rail cen ter of 317000 troops of the first Ukrainianarmy group were re ported fighting on the demarca tion line established in 1939 by Russia and Germany in the 4th partition of Poland Moscow at midnight reported red army forces 22 miles northeast and 27 miles east of Lwow one of Eur opes great rail centers In the Brest Litovsk area a Moscow cable said the Russians were advancing beyond Hajnow ka after crossing the Curzon line Other red troops were reported 9 ust how far Montgomerys hard miles from Brest Litovsk itting faststriking spearheads enetrated but front reports told E the occupation of a number of illages beyond Caen and a okesman said the northern part f Faubourg de Vaucelles strong yheld southern suburb of Caen ad been cleared of the enemy Apparently caught off guard by le powerful assault launched ehind an unparalleled air ground nd sea bombardment Rommel vas unable to bring his massed rmor into play until the British nd army already had broken hrough to ideal tank terrain south and east of Caen and some 15 miles west of Paris Gen D wight D Eisenhowers 17th communique of the invasion aid Rommel now was counterat acking desperately in an Attempt o block the breach made in Ger man positions in this area Rom mel had possibly 7 panzer divis tanks at full strength Caen but most of them lad been drawn off to the south west by Montgomerys diversion ary attacks On the American half of the Normandy front Lt Gen Omar N Bradleys 1st army finally cleared enemy suicide squads of ma chinegunners mortar crews and snipers from the ruins of St Lo 32 miles west of Caen and cut the St LoPeriers highway breaking the back of the enemy line in this sector Henry T Gorrell United Press war correspondent with the Amer icans said the Germans had made a withdrawal of one to two miles along a wide front stretching from St Lo beyond Periers and the British breakthrough beyond Caen may force the enemy to re treat still farther to protect their communications Ronald Clark United Press war correspondent at the British front estimated that American and Brit ish planes had dropped a record 14000 tons blockbusters small er explosives and antipersonnel bombs on German strong points and other targets around Caen during daylight Tuesday MORE RUSSIAN NEWS ON P2 Claim Nazis Failed Completely to Contact Reds in Peace Effort New York British ra dio in a broadcast reported by U S government monitors quot ed Stockholm reports Wednesday as saying that the Germans have tried to contact the Russian gov ernment for the conclusion of a separate peace The broadcast said the attempt failed complete Chairman Robert E Hannegans red necktie withdonkeys painted Un itThey cheered every tune a speechmaker mentioned President Roosevelt They howled and whooped and jumped up and down on their chairs They stood and applauded They even cheered the noisy 40piecc brass band that was long on trombones and short on tunes They were so full of pep they even whooped when some trick neon lights were turned on The orators included Mayor Edward J Kelly of Chicago who said that his city was a wonder ful place Sen Scott W Lucas of Illinois who said that the entire state was wonderful and Demo cratic Treasurer Edwin W Pauley who said the democrats were wonderful because they had turned a deficit into a small surplus The delegates liked the miles of bunting the cutouts of fighting men and the snappy summer suits of the officials The only thing they dont like was the 30foot picture of Presi dent Roosevelt which under the lights didnt flatter the president The democrats found the sta dium airconditioning plant slil only n figment of the imagina tion of Tom Garry the voice o the sewer Chicago superintendent of sew ers Garry who at the democratic convention here 4 years ago as tonished the crowd with a speech BYRNES LEAVES RACE AT WISH OF ROOSEVELT Douglas Reported to Be Presidents No 3 Man for Vice President Chicago Stadium Roosevelt unexpectedly entered the democratic vice presidential scramble Wednesday inspiring the withdrawal of War Mobiliza tion Director James F Byrnes and reportedly listing second and third choice to Henry A Wallace The number Z name was given as Senator Harry Truman of Mis souri with Supreme Court Jus tice William O Douglas number 3 As delegates sang with the mighty Chicago stadium organ or anncd and chatted and yelled be ealh their standards through the online preliminaries of the par ys 29th national convention de clopments in jampacked hotels lowntown pointed t o w u r d a vindup possibly Thursday night Speaker after convention penkcr made what sounded more ike nominating addresses for President Roosevelt than the speeches of greeting scheduled First Mayor Edward F Kelly of Chicago then Senator Scott Lu cas of 111 i n o i so on Lhrough a list ot Illinois and Chi cago public figures all hailing our courageous leader Franklin D Roosevelt and bringing shouts and handclapping from the crowded convention floor Byrnes previously regarded one of the leaders for the office for which Wallace arrived Wednes day morning to fight in his own behalf announced his withdrawal m deference to the wishes of President Roosevelt nearly 2 hours before the convention was gaveled to order at p m Authoritative reportssaid Mr Roosevelt communicated to Va lional Chairman Robert E Hanne gaii his preference for Senator as chairman of the war the tall Oregon ian who became at 40 the young est man ever to sit on Ihe su preme court Meantime the national commit tee announced President Roose velt will address the convention by radio Thursday his certain renomination for a 4th term He is not in Washington but under voluntary wartime cen sorship it was NOT permitted to make public the place from which he is to speak unless Mr Roose velt himself chooses so to do The presidents activity served to put the convention in a differ ent light than Ihe free and open conclave for which Mr Roosevelt self a speech had declared when he said he fa the democrats vored Wallace but the decision Chicago is would be up to the delegates Indeed many ing and shoving through the aisles of this great hall or knotted in all for the convention another ormality The democratic beauty in a lav ender silk dress and a nonholly vood makeup read so rapidly hat nobody could understand her including Chairman Hann egn who stood beside her He uggested she slow clown and she said she would but she didnt and no one cared The 21 klcig lights slared down and the official thermometer of he United Press nudged 90 Mrs Vredcnburg got a big hand md blushed when photographers said Dorothy thats wonderful We all know what a great city is Chicago and what a great man is its mayor Ed Kelly Hanne gan saicl while his honor sat be hind him looking modest in a striped bow tic So the democrats stood and cheered Kelly smiled the band played and the mayor made him NEARLY HALF nesday noons total of volunteer blood donor registrations reached the 1130 mark as the campaign to enlist enough don ors to fill the countys quota of 2500 continued Of the total 1W3 of the reg istrations are from Mason City 71 from Clear Lake and 56 from Rockwell All 3 communities fo cal points in the county drive are still far under their quota from a basement microphone was in charge of putting up the bunting installing the hardliquor allowed for the dem lining up the por traits of every democratic presi dent since Jefferson including Andrew Johnson who was elected as a republican Garry takes no chances He erected a sign underneath the row of portraits which said in letters 4 feet high Democratic presi dents Garry insisted that his air con ditioning plant was working and that if the democrats couldnt no tice it something was wrong with them not with the machin ery The democrats were so thick in the aisles when the convention was called to order at p m that they couldnt move Those ir their seats stood up and cheered as a noisy brass band played Robert Hanncgan national com mittee chairman wearing a pale beige suit and a spotted red neck tie pounded the delegates to or der The spots on Hannegans ti were democratic donkeys nea but not gaudy in gray and white After the usual preliminaries Hannegan called on Eleanor Ste ber a nervous soprano in a blu dress and a bluestriped beret from the Metropolitan Oper company to sing The Sta Spangled Banner All lights went out and a singl bluewhite spotlight fingcre down through the cigaret sraok and picked out the face of th pretty Mrs Dorothy the democrats secretary read Ih His honor told what a friendly city Chicago and what fine people it contains and the democrats listened re spectfully Kelly mentioned our great and courageous leader Franklin Del ano Roosevelt and with those 8 words at p in started a great demonstration The democrats jumped lo their cet and waved their hats for a ull minute and cheered Kelly snid I must say that here is considerable difference etween the enthusiasm of this onvention and the one that was ere 3 weeks ago Phil Regan the singing cop urned movie star took some of rie attention away from Kelly vhen he showed up on the speak rs platform with a cravat that utHanneganed Hannegans Re ans red necktie had not don eys but cups of coffee in sym metrical rows And about then vis honor mentioned President loosevelt again and the dele gates stood up for more cheers Buy your War Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boys Weather Report FORECAST Mason Cily Fair and slightly cooler Wednesday night Thurs day partly cloudy Iowa Fair Wednesday night and Thursday Moderate tempera tures Minnesota Fair Wednesday night and Thursday cooler east por J hotel lobbies only the presidents definite nod to make up Ihcir minds in the vicepresidential race Told when he stepped off his train that Byrnes had withdrawn Wallace commented Well that takes care of that About the time Wallace arrived the Connecticut delegation hopped over to his support It voted 16 to 2 to give him its 18 votes on at least the irst ballot Jake Slorc Iowa national committeeman and a Wallace campaigner estimated the vice president would have 325 votes on the first ballot 589 arc needed to nominate While the developments cen tered attention on Truman and Douglas as leading rivals for Wal lace Senate Majority Leader Barkley of Kentucky remained a contender While President Roosevelts re nomination is certain some anti fourth term delegates were re ported determined to prevent it from being made unanimous It became known that one the four Florida delegates pledged to support Senator Harry F Byrd would formally nominate the Vir ginian for the presidency Under plans made by the south erners who have been rallying around Byrd his name will re main on the official ballot records of the convention despite a pre dicted overwhelming nomination for President Roosevelt on the tion Wednesday night Slightly warmer Thursday IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Tuesday 88 Minimum Tuesday night 57 At 8 a m Wednesday 63 YEAR AGO Maximum 83 Minimum 56 Precipitation 181 de clared he would nominate James A Farley former democratic na tional chairman for the presi dency from the convention floor in the event the onetime post master generals name has not been placed in nomination before Massachusetts is reached in the balloting Byrnes wrote Senator Burnet R Maybank of South Carolina thai in deference to the wishes of tho president he was not a candidate ;