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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, July 18, 1947

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 18, 1947, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES AU NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION imiir WML un fnm tat United nil Lturt TIv Cenu Copy MASON cirr IOWA FRIDAY JULY is 1947 Thli Paper Ceeibtt of Two On No Z39 TRUMAN TAX VETO UP TO SENATE Billion Dollar Foreign Relief Is Approved by Committee GREEK TURKISH AID NOT CUT IN BILL FOR HOUSE PostUNRRA Relief for Other European Countries Is Slashed ByREXCHANEY Washington house ap propriations committee Friday voted the administration an addi tional for foreign relief including the full 000 requested for the GreekTurk ish aid program The committee however cut by the projected 000000 postDNRRA relief pro gram for Foland Italy China Hungary Austria Greece and Trieste It left lltle doubt that the action was aimed at benefits ear marked for the communist domin ated countries of Poland and Hun gary The relief funds were included in a bill carrying a total of 300000 in suplemental appropria tions for the current fiscal year The house will debate the bill this afternoon and probably shoot it to the senate by nightfall The bill was less than the administration had asked The proposed foreign relief pro gram was cut by in cluding a cut of in the war department request of 000000 for relief in the occupied areas of Japan Austria and Korea Former President Herbert Hoov er appeared before the committee personally to urge approval of the full war department request In making the cut in the liberated countries program the committee said that this amount represented the sum in tended to go to certain countries which have not shown a disposi tion to comply with the require ments of the act authorizing the appropriation The committee did not name the countries it had in mind but pre sumably referred to Poland and Hungary The authorization act re quires that the relief recipients be advised that the goods came from the United States and that no part of it be given to persons other than those intended The remaining item in the 4 part foreign relief re quested appropriation of 000for U S participation in the international refugee organization trimmed by the committee to In backing the army request of for Germany Austria Japan and Korea Mr Hoover told the committe that if the fuH amount were not appropriated now it would have to be done later And he said it would be better to do it now because it would enable the government to K Este Bruce of Virginia was nominated by President Truman to be assistant secretary of com merce He is now an assistant io the secretary buy food and other relief sup plies on a longterm basis The committee took the position however that the program should be considered on a 12months basis rather than on a 15months basis as the army had recom mended The committee made it clear that it was approving the 000000 GreekTurkish aid pro gramwith reservations The committe was not pleased with the elaborate admin istrative setup that was planned and has accordingly inserted pro visions for the purpose of limit ing to the amount that may fie spent for administrative purposes in the District of Colum bia together with a limitation of on the administrative expenses of the mission which is going to Europe to carry out this function the committee report said ST LAWRENCE SEAWAY OKAYED Senate Consideration Delayed Until 1948 Washington senat foreign relations committee Frida approved the S Lawrence seaway project but post poned consideration of theirieas ureon the senate floor until nex year By a vote of 9 to 4 the commit tee approved a resolution author izlng President Truman to imple ment the 1941 CanadianIt S agreement for a Great Lakesto thesea waterway But it stipu lated that the navigation phase o the project shall be made self liquidating through toll charges Committee Chairman Arthur H Vandenberg told news men the committee will report the bill formally during the 1st week of the new session in January Mi nority members expect to file a dissenting report at the same time Members voting to approve thi agreement were Vandenberg Sens Arthur Capper Alex ander Wiley Bourke B Hickenlooper Rober Wagner DN Elbert Thomas Alben WBarkley D and Carl A Hatch D N Mex In addition Sen H Alex ander Smith RN J voted to report the resolution but reservet his position on the issue itself Those opposing the waterway were Sens WallaceH White R Henry Cabot Lodge Jr Walter F George D and Tom Connally DTex The resolution would approve the CanadianU S agreement which provides a joint program for constructing 27foot canals in the St Lawrence fiver system and accompanying hydroelectric fa cilities The resolution however would require Canada to agree to the system of toll charges aimed at making navigation phases of the project selfliquidating The toll charges could not ex ceed a short ton of cargo in new sections of the internation al waterway Estimated cost of the project to the United States is about 000000 Canada would pay about Used Car Dealers at Des Moines Pay Above Listed Prices Des Moines 75 auto mobiles more than half of which were 1946 and 1947 models were sold at the weekly Des Moines automobile auction for dealers Thursday Bringing one of the top prices at the sale attended by about 125 used car dealers from various sec tions of the state was a 1947 Buick convertible sedan with 450 miles on it which sold for The dealers paid up to more for 1947 models than the Des Moines delivered price Its Not Junior Its the Heat to Blame for Trouble Says Officer Des Moines not Jun ior its the heat Thats one explanation Police Lt Ralph Brophy of the juvenile bureau gave for some boys get ting in trouble this week Brophy said that if parents would postpone family arguments until cooler weather their children would be less likely to get in trouble He said investigation of a num ber of juvenile cases this week disclosed that in most cases the boys were copying their bickering parents and becoming antiso cial And squabbles between parents said seemed to be the heat the biggest cause Coal oil and natural gas are composed largely of carbon and I hydrogen GREEK FIGHTER PLANES INFLICT SEVERE LOSSES Guerrillas Flee North of loannina Ravaging Villages Along Way By L S CHAKALES Athens Greek com munique said Friday nationalis planes were inflicting sever losses on guerrillas who were fleeing northeast of loannina be fore pursuing ground forces anc ravaging villages on the way War Minister George Stratos said another and larger guerrilla offensive was expected along the northwest frontier The Greek government said the first guer rilla band invaded Greece from Albania with the aim of setting up a separate communist govern ment Bandits passing through vil lages have committed crimes of unimaginable brutality the com munique from the Greek 8th di vision said Villages have been pillaged and many inhabitants killed Dislodged from the 7000 foot heights of Mt Gamila 18 miles north of loannina the bulk of the 2000man guerrilla force started a march on lightly defended loannina 5 days ago Loyalists as serted the irregulars had been cul into small units which were scat tered in an arc over a wide rugged area 16 miles northeast ol oannina near the villages o Frandgadhes Elatokhpri and Dholianiin in the foothills of Mt Timfi Farther north Spitfire fighter planes caught 2 more battalions n ravines along the southern foothills of Mt Smolikas and were said to have inflicted crush US losses An unconfirmed report said 245 bodies were found in the ravine and that army units captured 300 more of the esti mated 800 rebels under fire An earlier official reportsaid 60 were killed and 90 captured n the first phase of the attack and that remnants of the band running in 2 directions iouth toward Metsovo an elas itronghold during the German occupation and northeast toward he heights of Mt Smolikas The eport said the army was in a josition to cut off the lines of re reat and that escape was impos ible The Balkan subcommission of he United Nations was to leave Salonika during the day for loan nina Both for the another investigation Russian and Polish delegates opposed holding the in luiry at loannina although G P Casparov of Russia had accom panied the board on a preliminary inquiry Tuesday The full U N commission re jorted to the United Nations that Greek civil strife was largely due o intervention by Yugoslavia and o a lesser degree by Albania nd Bulgaria The United States navy is of ering youths from 17 to 30 years f age with high school educations omplete college courses equiva ent to a university education cost ng from to AP Wircpboto SILT AT OTTUMWA During the recent flood 6 to 8 inches of Iowa top soil was deposited on the lowland areas in the city of Ottumwa Now after several weeks of sun shine this deposit has dried up and is cracking into large pieces with cracks of almost earthquake like proportions Here Orville Gruwell south Ottumwa businessman dem onstrates the size of this action by placing his hand down into one of these fissures well beyond the wrist UN Council Ends Debate on Balkans Lake Success United Nations security council ended its eneral Balkan debate Friday and ilunged immediately into the final ihase of the detailed dis ussion of the conflicting Ameri an and Russian plans of action The council agreed to United States demands that all other uestions be sidetracked for the Balkan question Five sessions vere scheduled for next week in n effort to speed a solution As the general discussions came o a close French delegate Alex ndre Parodi called on the repre entatives of Greece Albania Bui aria and Yugoslavia to give as urances of their cooperation and ood will Each of the 4 in turn expressed desire to see the problem set ed peacefully and Parodi voiced is satisfaction that the debate ad ended on a peaceful note atherthan a note of mutual ac usation Dr Oscar Lane of Poland coun il president said the United tates proposal for creation of a emipermanent border watch long Greeces northern frontier be voted on first Faris El Khoury of Syria then ppealed for an effort to try to lake the resolutions acceptable to at least in such a way that le opponents could hat there would be no dead ick Dr N Mevorah Bulgaria rep esentative opened the days de ate with a continuation of the Slav bloc attack on the U S esolution Weather Report N i 4500 Palestine Immigrants Fight British With Tear Gas FORECAST Mason City Fair Friday night through Sunday Cooler Friday night and continued comfort ably cool Saturday and Sunday Low Friday night 53 to 58 High Saturday near 78 Iowa Fair and cooler Friday night Fair with moderate tem peratures Saturday and Sunday High Saturday around 78 Iowa5day outlook The mean temperature will average 4 to S degrees below the state sea sonal normal of 75 Normal daily high and low tempera tures for the period are 8890 and 6265 Readings will con tinue below normal most of the period except for somewhat around Sunday night or Monday Precipitation will be light and scattered averaging to of an inch and oc curring as showers toward the end of the 5day period Minnesota Fair Cooler south and east portions Friday night Sat urday fair and a little warmer except a little change in tem perature extreme southeast IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics or 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Friday morning Maximum 88 Minimum 60 At 8 am Friday 65 Precipitation 107 YEAR AGO Maximum 84 Minimum 72 It is estimated that some sulpha drugs are worth 800 times as much is the coal from which they are lerived By EDWARD CURTIS Jerusalem ff Some 450 angry Jewish immigrants aboar a refugee ship used tear gas smok bombs steam jets and other weap ons Friday in a vain battle agains a 50man British boarding part off the Palestine coast Britis authorities announced A British communique said th boarding party also used tear ga The ship was the former Arner lean excursion vessel Presiden Warfield renamed European Ex odus of 1947 by the refugees She was escorted by 5 destroy crs to Haifa harbor late Friday There British troops promptly be gan transshipment of the immi grants to troopships for deporta lion to Cyprus The announcement said no fatal ities were suffered by either side but that 3 members of the board ing party were injured A broadcast purportedly eman ating from the ship had reporte earlier that 1 Jew was killed an 25 were wounded seriously Th broadcast which ended at abou the time the boarding party too over said 5 of the wounded wer dying The British announcement salt small arms fire was used by on of his majestys ships against man who was threatening to de capitate one of the boarding part with an axe and against anothe man who was about to use a rifle It is believed the fire missec in both cases but it was effective The 2 men took fright and droppet their weapons the announcemen said Hagana Jewish underground de fense organization was reported tc have appealed to the United Na tions special commission on Pales tine to intervene in behalf of the immigrants A reliable Jewish source said the appeal was deliv ered to the commission by th Hdfeana high command The com mission which is investigating th Palestine problem is scheduled th leave for Lebanon Sunday British officialssaid the immi grant ship approached Palestin off Rafab a short distance from the Egyptian border She adopted evasive tactic which made it impossible for de stroyers to remain alongside fo more than a brief period the an nouncement said These tactic also resulted in damage to hi majestys ships News of the interception of thi ship caused great excitement in Jewish quarters in Palestine In the Jewish city of Tel Avl all shops closed their doors and the populace thronged into the streets in response to a broadcas appeal from the refugee ship to demonstrate against what he captain termed an unlawful at tack on my ship endangering the lives of the passengers and ves sel Young Jews patrolled Tel Aviv streets halting traffic Broadcasts from the ship ceased about midmorning indicating the boarding party had taken over at about that time Previously the vessels radio had reported that 5 of those wounded in the clasl with the British were dying It said that the ship had been leak ing badly but that the crew had succeeded in stopping the leaks The British said that damages o the President he Jews had renamed Exodus to naval vessels had occurred owing to evasive ac tion taken by the refugee ship BODY FOUND IN RIVER Des Moines from he Raccoon river near Des Moines of the body of William Gavin 56 of West Des Moines was reported Thursday by 2 Polk county deputy sheriffs Earlier a mans clothing and an artificial leg had been ound on the river bank near West 5es Moines POLICEPICKET LINE CLASH After the clash be ween police and CIO financial employes guild pickets in front of the central office of the Brooklyn Trust company policeman hustles man left from scene as another picket AP Wlrephoto center bleeds from forehead and policeman right es corts a striker to the patrol wagon The clash occurred when police banned mass picketing by 700 guild members who appeared Truman Sign Presidential Succession Bil Washington Presiden Truman Friday signed the presi dential succession bill placin Speaker Joseph Martin RMass in line to replace him in the even Mr Truman is unable to cornpleti his term The legislation which Mr Tru man requested immediately afte he entered the white house and va cated the vicepresidency was signed as part of the presidentia routine There was none ol the ceremony that sometimes accompanies the signing of important measures Press Secretary Charles G Ross who told reporters of the signing said he knows of no plans to as sign a secret service agent to pro tect Martin Secret service agents also sai they know of no such intention Until Mr Truman signed the legislation Secretary of the State Marshall had been next in line to the presidency The new bill outlining order oi presidential succession places th speaker immediately behind the vicepresident The president pro tempore OL the Senator Vanden berg next in line o succession after the speaker the house Cabinet officers starting with the secretary of state follow in or der provided by previous law 620 Missing as 2 Waves Swamp Ship Bombay India 620 persons were missing Friday from the coastal steamer Ramdas which capsized under 2 enormous waves and sank swiftly in the Arabian sea 12 miles south of Bombay Thursday R D Thathi traffic manager of the Bombay Steam Navigation Co said there were at noon about 100 survivors of the 721 persons aboard the 400ton vessel He said search parties had picked up 20 bodies and that sur vivors were brought to Bombay and taken to the villages of Rewas Dharamatar Karanja and Pirwadi The ship went down in 5 min utes Most aboard appeared to be Indians although 3 Europeans were reported among the pas sengers Most passengers were enroute o Ratnagiri village in the district from which Bombay draws a large number of laborers Commander H J Mills prin cipal sea transport officer of the government of India came here Friday and began an official in irjwj tioned peeled to hear from the captain and other ships officers The 11yearold steamer Ram das left Bombay Thursday morn ng on its regular daily run to the fishing village of Rewas 13 miles iouth of Bombay Survivors said visibility was poor as the ves el neared Rewas creek because of the lashing monsoon rain and that heavy swells were causing it o roll heavily The swells increased and the essel like a piece of match wood 1 survivor said vhen suddenly as the captain vas attempting to enter Rewas reek about 1 mile from Rewas the 2 waves struck The Ramdas listed slowly to 1 side nd sank within 5 minutes Naval and port authorities from Jombay directed a sea search for lie bodies of the victims the disaster He ques sorae survivors and ex Salesman Killed When Lar Rolls Over 5 Times Estherville Deerin er Crete Nebr milling company alesman was killed early Friday hen his car left highway No 9 miles west of here He was alone n the car which investigating au horities said rolled over 5 times SAME Black flat meant trafflt tuth is put 14 honn STILL WRONG KIND AT WRONG TIME HE SAYS House Overrides by 299 to IDS Vote But Senate May Kill Bill Washington house vot ed Friday to override President Trumans 2nd veto of the repub licanbacked tax cut But indications are that the sen ate may sustain the president and thus kill the bill The house vote io override was 299 to 108 Z8 more than the nec essary twothirds majority A total of 63 democrats joined 236 republicans in the vote to over ride the president Voting to uphold the veto were 105 democrats 2 of Wisconsin and H Carl Andersen of Minnesota and the 1 American labor party member Marcantonio of New York A powerful republicandemo crat coalition rolled up in the house the more than twothirds majority necessary to overthrow the veto The house roll call showed a substantal shift of democrats in support of the measure which pro vides for tax reduction effective Jan 1 1948 The chamber pre viously had voted 268 to short of the required io sustain Mr Trumans veto of the first bill which would have made the cuts effective last July 1 Just as he did in vetoing the first bill Mr Truman again said the tax legislation provides the wrong kind of tax reduction at the wrong time If the senate should upset pre dictions and vote to override the bill will provide cuts ranging from 30 per cent on the lowest taxable incomes to 105 per cent on in comes over Republicans virtually conceded the senate will pitch the new mea sure in the scrap heap The cham ber voted 60 to 3 to pass the Mil votes short of twothirds ma jority that will be required to make the bill law over the veto GOP leaders say failure of the senate to override will erase all prospects of relief for 49000000 ncome taxpayers next year They promised to throw the tax issue nto the 1948 presidential cam paign Mr Truman said in his veto message that when the time comes to lessen the wartime tax burden it should be reduced on a basis that is fair to low Income rroups as well as to high income roups Just before the house began its roll call on whether to override he presidents veto Chairman Knutson RMinn of the house ways and means committee author of the bill told his colleagues It is highly improbable if this bill is killed that another effort vill be made to pass it The issue will be submitted to that great tri American 1948 and we will let them decide ivhether they want tax reduction Mr Truman said there has fien no lessening of the need to make substantial payments on the public debt But Mr Truman termed this measure a premature and faulty ax reduction bill which would nject into the tax system in equities which would greatly in crease the difficulty of making desirable revisions The president referred io Inter national obligations as another reason for delaying the reduction of taxes He said Our responsibilities for inter national rehabilitation have an mportant bearing on our efforts o secure lasting peace The recent refusal of certain nations to join in common en deavors to establish conditions of irorld stability increases the dif iculty of our task and exposes us o greater risk Mr Truman apparently refer ed here to the refusal of Soviet tussia and eastern European na ions under her influence to parti ipate in the Paris conference on conomic rehabilitation which England and France called on the uggestion of Secretary of State Until we are better able to estimate the cost of our invest ment in world peace and collective ecurity it is unwise to make so arge a cut in our governments uture income that our ability to meet our needs would be im paired Since his original veto Mr Tru nan said income payments to in ividuals have continued to rise and the general level of business ctivity is establishing new high ecords while the number of ci irilians employed has also jn reased Asserting that total employment n June Increased by 1725000 over lay bringing the total now em loycd to more than ;