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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 18, 1942, Mason City, Iowa ww7 I NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MMH X tl UXJJL JO THIS FAPEft T SMMVimiSTOWARD ROSTOV HEAVY BATTLES GO ON ALONG EGYPTS FRONT Air Activity Reported to Be Intense Over Desert Fighting Lires as assumed Lewis com ume rnand of the United States army air forces in the middle cast 3 General Brereton who headed he air defense of the Philippines has been in New Delhi India in command of American air Op l bombers have been operaHng the middle east arena they have accomplished 21 tactical missions In addition to bombing ene my convoys in thc Mediterra nean and attacking and Tobruk the main por entry for the avis to the Afri can theater of war the Ameri can nombers have shot down five enemy aircraft in combat and possibly have destroyed three others Brereton said Three American bombers have been lost in combat since op erations started here Although there also have bee some forced landings and intern ments in Turkey no other cas ualties have been suffered excen actfoV the hree Panes iost Streamlined U S General Lee Tanks May Be Vital Factor in Battle of Egypt By DemTT JIACKENZIE lde World War Atialyst Auchinleck received a help Thi i ues m the fact that un to ii tn L ha Genera addition to the fourcnfffnpr Consolidated B24 clfto bombers already reported in ac tion in this theater there are Boeing B17E flying fortresses Both types are equipped will t vos age superchargers permit ting flights m the rarificd atmos phere of high altitudes without material reduction in power Lose Some of Earlier Gains CAIRO troops on lhe northern sector of the El Ala day but later were counterat Marshal S1c up some of the ground they gained British headquarters announced Saturday On the central front where New Zealand troops were hold ing the eastern end of the Ru weisat ridje an attack by mo th R nlantry was pulsed the British communique said iherc also was activity on the southern end Of the 40mile British line about 75 miles west of Alexandria Ahactivity was intense over tne battle front especially in the central sector and British fighters shot down five axis aircraft Light British bombers range this juncture r Nazi Field MarC n a I A Rommel ias been supe rior in armored equipment a v e r y g r a v e hreat to the i a r d pressed British The powerful Gen eral Lees will Rom mels balance of n u m e r ical MACKENZIE tank strength and may whittle i can handle it There is every indication that Rommel ntends to try to resume the devastating offensive which drove is iteelpointed divisions to a position only 65 miles from Britains great naval base at Alev tells p H military expert er es me ne believes Rommel will go all out in an effort to break since this axis operation is an fn tegial part of Hitlers nowor never strategy That seems likely especially since the field marshal is by nature a sticker and one of mnitary cap Undoubtedly the also highly capable Aucliinleck will do his utmost to maintain his present position with his right winff an chored on he sea and his left resline at the edge of he ffreat Matfara depression about 40 miles due south This fives invaluable protection o his flanks an advantage which ie would lose were he pushed back into the open desert beyond he depression The unbroken desert of course is the terrain vhich would suit Rommel with his ast moving tank divisions There has been no recent indi ation of the comparative trengths of the two armies P0s o Jnnnnn fr0m 75000 o 100000 men and Rommel may aye something more than 100 ODD ut those are just estimates and must remember that both sides icnis the nature of which cen made public As already indicated Rommel presumably still s m tanks while Auchinleck at last aflvices had the edge in air pow ir although the German report ha5 received warplane re inforcements One of the first thinp to be ironed out as the Battle flames up anew must be the question of whos who in tanks and much will depend on ths phase of the fighting Rom mel likely will make an early effort to weaken Auchinlecks armored strength and then try a mnkinff operation perhaps alongr he edge of the Qatlara Depression On the whole while the British position still is one of peril it is much better than it was when the shattered British army finally was able to make a stand on its present fiont Luck in the matter of rein orcemenis will play an important pai t and here Rommel may be in tne more favorable position The chances are that apart from air support Auchinleckhas received about all the aid available from learby oases and that further help must come over thc long routes rom America or England where as Kommel is close to continental American bomb ers of course can be flown to Auchinleck from the U S As you already know this battle of Egypt is one of the crucial en gagements of the war Should Rommel wmand be able toforce his way into the middle east across tgypt and Palestine he micht have provided the leverage neces sary to complete Hitlers nowor Allied Planes Attack Shipping at New Rabaul GENERAL HEADQUARTERS planes attacked shipping and installations at the Jauanesc base at Rabaul in New Britain sland and shot down three planes n air battles a communique said TWO Of planes were shot down in the omon islands when three sea planes attacked allied rcconnais ancc plancs near Tulagi hird plane was one of two enemy eros which attempted to inter ept allied reconnaissance craft in ne Timor island sector northwestern zone of the HALTCONTRACT FOR BIG PLANT TO BUILD SHIPS Maritime Commission Orders All Steel to Established Yards WASHINGTON MThe tnari imc commission announced Sat urday that it had canceled a con tract with the Higgins Industries Inc of New Orleans for a huee merchant shipbuilding plant in order to divert all available steel nto the construction of ships at Mants already in existence The commission said this action had been concurred in by thc war Hoduction board i if A J Higgins bead of the lirm earlier in he day told of the shutdown of his plant em ploying 10000 men and charged that he steel shortage explana tion was a pretext Inasmuch as it would be 1943 efore the Higgins yard could bc n full scale production and be ause the Higgins program neces itates the creation of vast new acilities such as shipways shops machine tools railroads and transportation and housing for vorhers the commission said the amount of steel required vould best be diverted into exist ng construction Ik IAD PLANNED TO BUILD 200 SHIPS J Ujg ms head of Higgins Industries nc announced Saturday that his uge shipbuilding plant obstructed under contract to uild 200 Liberty ships within vo years was closed down Sat rday by order of the U S mari mc commission About 10000 men were em ployed in tho plant at Michaud they said it was a shortage of steel that was their pretext said niggins in a statement inannnnOW WOrkinZ down there 10000 men It makes no difference to me personally of course but those grand groups are U S Airmen in Egypt Sutherland Former U S Justice Dies WASHINGTON Ceorec Sutherland retired justice of supremo court died during the SB at llis home at Stockbndge Mass at the age of HU it was announced here Satur day The announcement was made by John W Cragun Washington attorney who was law clerk to Justice Sutherland when he re 198 lhC suprcmc cour i 1eartaUack some time dur the couse i e couse f death Cragun said The justice was found dead in bed Saturday mormng at the hotel Red Lion Inn whcic lie was staying Mrs Sutherland was understood to have hecn with him Cragun said funeral arrange merits were not completed yet al CHANGECOURSE AND THREATEN REAR OF CITY American Made Douglas Bombers Thrown Into Defense of Russia By CLAUDE A FARNSWORTif Associated Tress War Editor After a wheeling change of course by some of thc strongest elements of Germanys million man Caucasus offensive the Ger mans appeared Saturday to be Sutherland who retired as i istice on Jan 18 1938 had been ie of the jurists who frequently Jted against constitutionality Roosevelt administration Icgisla His place on the bench was r SoUcLt01 Gen Stanley Reed of Kentucky Friends of Reed classified him as a liberal Th administration had called Suther land a conservative Attorney Blaekstone Former of Garner Succumbs Held Position of Secretary of School Board for 4 1 Years Guatemala Celebration ransport vehicles an violent explosions wcr attacking tanks and caused In a raid on the axis port Tobruk allied bombers hit largB sW tanker in the harbor and starte a fire in the dock storage are which was spreading ls h withdrew from the for mcr British stronghold Over Malta llle communique reported British fighters shot down four MtssersclimiH fisht SJL Yt UfSS The total allied losses in the African theater Friday were seven planes wilh two of thc Pilots reported safe the com munique said The axis forces were reported to hCaVy last 36 hoursTnTheremrar and south central sections of the de sert front 73 miles west o Alev andriu New Zealand tank and in XW blow s Rommel then sent his infantry ground Fighting was heavy and bitter on the central sector while the tough Australians anchored leiminus of the line r ridge of the Hill or us iu miles west of El Ala V V f V Tins action bv the maritime commission has buns crepe on the Iiiffirest thins in Louisiana It is worse for the slate than if be river broke and flooded New Orleans Theres more behind it than bare announcement Maybe tug steel stopped it Maybe we are going to build too many ships too cheap and too fast for those boys MANEflVERSlRE HELD IN HAWAII Major War Games Are Held to Make Test of Defense Measures SOMEWHERE ON OAHU Ha waiian Islands The biggest maneuvers in thc history of the Hawaiian department of the army were expected to end Saturday and prospects looked gloomy for forces defending Oahu against a red army representing Japanese invaders GARNER Fred Blnckslonc local attorney and former mayor of Garner died at a Mason City hosptal early Saturday morning He had been secretary of the Gar ner school board for 41 years 10 ioriasTbonl at Jan 19 ISGfi His childhood was spent at Harlan He received his collet education at Western Normal col lege at Shcnandoah In 1897 Mr Blackstone married Clara Martha Schneider He stud I8B8 to 1835 in the h and Culltaon and r at the firm of Byers and Lockwood in Harlan e admitled 1 the bar moved to Garner to 1838 o join with J D Keat to begn prac tice Later he was associated with e firm Ramsey and Black wthf he had with Senneff and Blackstonc For 10 years he served as mayor of Garner and was city attorney for four years He was a member of the Twelfth Judicial Bar association member of the Hancock and a county couny and Iowa state bar associations He served as president of the chamber of commerce during his belonged to the tions BOYS FIND BODY IN WINNEBAGO Miss Nora Hill 61 Found About Mile East of Highway 65 Bridge The body of Miss Nora Z Hill I sister of Mrs Waiter B Pcl elty who lives north of thc American Crystal Sugar plant north of Mason City on Highway No 05 was found about a mile east of the bridge in the bago river at 3 oclock Friday aft ernoon J Coroner R E Smiley said the drowning apparently was a sui dde Miss Hill had been depressed recently and left her room during the night without the familys owledge Members of the sheriffs office had been called to assist in search for her when she was missed lriday morning Two boys Carl Richard True 14 route 4 and Rostov and Caucasus in stabbing close to toward the deep thrusts which now imperil Rus sias link with the allies in the middle east GEOKGE SUTHERLAND Found Dead SurvivoFof Lexington Is Crash Victim DUBUQUE suf fered in an auto accident near bti buque Tiicsdry evening proved States navy who escaped wo death when the aixralt carrier o the A F ami A M lod e The colonel commanding area shifted his forces all this x inj ivji mi IflV Friday and Friday night to meet a situation steadily growing more serious The blue defenders were fighting large forces which had landed on the north shore of Oahu captured the twisted trails leading to the summit of the Koolau mountains and gained the crest Attempting to fight down the leeward slopes toward the plain on which Schoficld barracks is mult the enemy met thc op position of the depleted dcfend A new invasion force was as sumed to be off ho west const of beach heads They regiment in a difficult spot by cutting its communications flank ing and pocketing it Moreover parachutists were repored to have landed on Wheeler field Lieut Col Delos smmons commander of the and dist Surviving arc his xvife two daughters Claude at home Mrs O Frednckson Chicago and one grandson fltftHJ earlier that parachutists made mock landings and summarily dealt with had been and Bayfield Wis Struck by Deluge Help Is Rushed to Small Town BAYIFELD Wis UR hastened Saturday to this flood torn and fire ravaged fishing vil lage of 1212 inhabitants who re ported damage estimated at up wards of in a 12hoSr deluge of 5 inches of rain Isolated for hours from normal communication Bay field was smitten by a stream 20 feet deep which arose in the hills south of the village and cut through the tning i bllsiness on flicted initial damaae by setting fire to the Johnson food store which was burned down be fore the flood carried away its foundations About 20 families wore said to have been forced Horn their homes but there ap peared to be no casualties Four buddings were wrecked by the down addition to the burned lorrent a 20foot r oo from the baseball park to Lake Superior cut across Bayfields were washed in Ule Bayflcld cemetery i i UUIU t illlCI James Lindscy H Heights who had gone for a swim m the river found her The body was found on the north side of the creek closeto Miss Hill wh0 recently came o stay at the fedclty home was born at Cher okeeAug 24 IBRD the daughter of Jacob and Rebecca Hill Surviving arc her sister in Ma son City and two brothers Ed ward LeRoy Hill Haywardcn Wis and J p Hill jr SacraJ mento Cal and four nephews Miss Hill spent thc first 40 years of her life in Mason Ciiy ClerkCCi in lhc About 21 years ago she moved ma to makc ner home mth her parents who preceded her m death Funeral services will be held at the Meyer funeral home Monday afternoon at 3 oclock with the Rev Marvin B Kobcr pastor o hc FirPt Methodist church n charge Burial will be at thc Clear Lake cemetery The body will 1 tn The youth enlisted in the lvy n Dec 28 1811 at Dccorab nd had been m Dubuque visiting his brother Michael OShea on a 30 day furlough injuries H e nures day evening when the auto ho OI contro1 1 v south of Dubuquc a sllort lowan Is Killed in Mountain Road Crash FORT COLLINS Colo n Ccul Bass 25 of Waterloo Iowa was killed Friday night in mountain road collision ot automobile and a truck in state home junj ill uc at the Meyer funeral Grain Storage Embargo Ordered in Des Moines DES MOINES WA grain fTmbarS0 has placed in Des Monies and elevators and owners of storage space will ac cept gram only upon issuance of a Permit the Des Moines grain Permit committee said Saturday a centers in takcn this lerrilory Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Continued hot wilh fresh winds Highest tempera ture about 05 Saturday after noon Not much change in tem perature Saturday night and Sunday forenoon IOWA Thiinrtcrshowers talc Sat urday night and Sunday fore noon and in west and north cen tra portions Saturday after noon and Saturday r i g t Somewhat cooler in northwest and extreme west Saturday aft ernoon Cooler in west and north central portions Satur and thunderstorms Saturday aft ernoon through Sunday fore noon Cooler northwest and central portions Saturday after noon Cooler Saturday and Sun day forenoon except continued warm extreme southeast por tion Saturday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday Minimum Friday night At 8 a m Saturday Pm Saturday YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Precipitation 34 73 80 30 R7 fit 176 Thc Germans proclaimed that one drive had cut a broad cross country swath to the Don at the rear or east of Rostov thc front gate to the oil riches of the Caucasus while Russian as well as Ger man advices told of another advance upon Hostov alonsr the main railway route from the north In their first appearance on this dominant worldfront Amer icanmade Douglas Boston bomb ers were being flung into Rus sias fight for life They blasted at onrushing German tanks in the Don basin and on the Don steppes Russias supply lifeline through the middle cast and the Caucasus was at stake The German high command did not precisely locate its claimed foothold on the lower Don but said that it was cast o the Donets as well as east of Rostov The JDonets flows into the Don about 70 airline miles upstream from the mouth oC Rostov The bulk of the German forces which had thrust through JUillerovo ISO miles north Itostov seemed to have sjilit with one group advancing dun southward on the railway anil he other striking out cross country ID iile southeast The original IVIillerovo threat had appeared to be aimed exclu sively at Stalingrad 175 miles to the east A position on thc lower Don such as the Germans now claim would put them in position to aUaelv Rostov from thc rear or try for a direct southward push into tiie Caucasus oil region by pnssing Rostov or do both Thc assault on Rostov probably vras the mission of forces moving smith from Millcrovo astride tho MoscowRostov railway which the Germans have indicated had reached points G5 miles from thc city The railway which this force has been following curves into Rostovs immediate area from the northeast roughly paralleling thf estuary of the Don Rostov is nt thc Hvcr most of the city lying on the norti bank The twisting Don nt thai point runs almost due west T the German claim is cor rect it appears Uial lhe ricvl step m thc Caucasus campaign would be a new battle of Ros tov for Russian forces in thtit area block ready access to the Rostov railway extension which parallel an On pjpelillc hrough the deep Caucasus In Baku on the Caspian sea Accordingly it appeared thu tile Germans were leaving the Stalingrad objective to northerly forces in the Bouchar region Pnniit norlhcast of Sta Jhcre has an ominous si lence on recent action by that enemy clement which seems to be ai Stalingrad region big bcnd ot ulges close to thc at the Don t Don The Don n uges cose to thc Sta mgrad elbow of the Volga far upstream from Rostov Stalingrad is the industrial cap no Volsl Rostov already has fallen once ans lakins thc ciy Russian counterattacks drovr lhc Germans out las ana put mem in westward flight to TaffanroK 40 miics away iwCC if the German jorccs nave had Taganrog as their anchor and an attempt tn close in on Rostov again from the west could be expected The Germans said that the Don ad been reached on a broad front mVht Thc main battle nignt not bc fought actually at he city but somewhere along the ver where the Germans might ;