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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 17, 1950, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME MASON CITY GLOBEGAZETTE T HE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH I O W ANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION VOL LVI Associated Iress and United Press Full Lease Wires Five Cents a Copyl MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JULY 17 1950 Tim Paper Consists of Two No 240 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor A Close Up Look at Our Defenses RATHER recently it was my ex tremely good fortune to be the guest of the national department of defense on personal invitation extended to me by friend of long standing in the American Legion Secretary Louis Johnson Mr Johnson vVas national commander I a state commander in 193233 For some 10 days I was a par ticipant along with 60 other rep resentatives of business industry education and the press selected from all parts of the country in what has come to be known as a joint orientation conference The purpose of the conference my invitation from Secretary Johnson stated is to acquaint the group with our current problems of the department of defense and to obtain the views of the mem bers concerning national defense Nary a Note Jotted Down The experience was unusual for me for a number of reasons For one thing I was told as were the others in attendance that it would be appreciated if nothing was written during the course of the conference This suggestion I car ried out to the utter limit I didnt even take any notes Except for an editorial hastily written a few hours after return ing to my desk this will be my first report on what I did saw and heard during the course of those stimulating 10 days My report will be based on memory rather than on the conventional reporters notes First I suppose I should explain that our conference opened with 3 days of background and brief ing by top officials of the depart ment of defense the state depart ment budget bureau atomic en ergy commission and the joint military staff This was at the Pentagon that fabulous building that has to be seen to be believed Some Distinguished Speakers Stephen Early deputy secretary of defense welcomed us in behalf of Louis Johnson then in the far east Army was represented by Frank Pace its secretary and by Gen J Lawton Collins chief of staff the navy by Secretary Francis P Mathews and Adm Forrest P Sherman chief of naval operations the marines by Gen d Drive Breaks Taejon Defense Truman Prepares Broadcast Talk to Congress on Korea Possible Tax Increase Seen PFC JERRY THOMAS North lowan Is Missing in Korea Pfc Jerry Duane Thomas 17 son of Mr and Mrs Harold Thomas who live 6 miles north east of Mason City is reported missing in action in Korea A telegram was received Mondaj morning by his parents from Ed ward F Witsell the adjutan general of the army stating tha Thomas has been missing since July 5 Thomas enlisted Nov 21 1949 and received his basic training at Fort Riley Kans where he was assigned to armored cavalry He left April 28 for Japan and land ed May 11 at Yokohama He was at last reports stationed Camp Wood near Kumamoto on Kyuska island His mother said Monday that she last heard from him June 12 He was home for Christmas in 1949 and again on an 18day fur lough in March after completing his basic training A brother Cpl Harold R Thomas has been in the army for 2i years and is now stationed at Fort Campbell Ky Washington Tru nan will send a message on the Korean war to congress Wednes day and report to the nation on it that night by radio The white house said neither the message nor the report to the people has been completed yet But the message to the lawmak ers will carry recommendations for legislative action to back up our efforts to throw the red in vaders out of Korea Broadcast at Night The message will be sent to the lawmakers at 10 a m CST Wednesday The radio report over 4 major networks and televi sion will be at p m CST The report will be rebroadcast an hour later by radio stations which operate on standard instead of daylight saving time As for the message to congress Presidential Secretary Charles G Ross told reporters It will be quite a comprehen sive one giving background of the situation explaining all steps that have been taken by this govern ment and containing legislative recommendations Earlier democratic leaders had met with Mr Truman and dis cussed the message None would say what Mr Tru man planned to say But House Speaker Rayburn later Monday reported that in my best judg ment food rationing would not be made a part of contemplated government controls Tredict Controls Government officials have pre dicted that the message will call for controls over steel curbs on consumer credit and possibly a tax increase Ross said the president worked Sunday on his first extensive pro nouncements on the Korean situa tion and will continue to work on them Monday and again Tuesday As the congressional leaders came out of the white house Ray burn was asked if Mr Trumans message would call for allou mobilization He said the mes sage would have to speak for it self Oliver Smith the air force by Secretary Thomas K Finletter and Gen Hoyt S Vandenberg chief of staff Genial Sumner Pike acting chairman of AEC and William Webster successor to Dr Vanne var Bush as director of the defense departments research and devel opment board confided in us about developments in their im portant scientific fields George W Perkins European affairs specialist in the depart ment of state Gen W D Critten berger authority on North At lantic treaty matters and Gen L L Lemnitzer director of the of fice of military assistance gave us some inside information about in ternational relations Helpful Background As a result of all this I think we were better equipped to translate and interpret what lay ahead of us as in quick succession we visited 3 key military installations armys Fort Benning in Georgia the air forces proving grounds at Eglin Fla and the At lantic fleet based at Norfolk Va These bases I plan to consider in subsequent visits with you But in this commentary Id like to give major attention to some of the questions which were bother ing me as I set out on this so called joint orientation confer ence Here are a few of those questions Are we really strong in a mili tary I mean with re lation to the challenge which might be hurled into our face al most any day Is there any reason for believ ing that the next war would be of the pushbutton character that we heard so much about a few years ago Has unification of the 3 branches of our military been achieved or is it still a distant goal Still another one What about those flying saucers I think Ill deal with this last question first What about those flying saucers You want to know I want to know everybody wants to know No Such Animal Well William Webster chair man of the research and develop ment board for the defense de partment gave some attention to them in his report to our group He minimized them brushed them off as the product of somebodys imagination j But that wasnt entirely satisfy ing to me I went around to Mr Webster at the conclusion of his talk and put this questign to him bluntly Are you willing to say Mr Webster that there is nothing in existence today that resembles the much talkedof flying saucer His reply was just as direct and unequivocal as my question was blunt If there is anything even faint ly resembling the flying saucer I 2ont know about it And I think I Continued on rage 2 The missing man attended Mc Kinley and Monroe schools here and Nora Springs high school His parents are employed on the Dr George Crabb farm Thomas is the 1st North lowan reported a casualty in the Korean action SAME Black flag means traffic death In 24 hours Flash Floods Hail Damage North Iowa Flash floods in Mitchell county and hail storms in Manly Garner and numerous other places in Morth Iowa caused considerable damage to farms and homes Sat urday and Sunday In Mitchell county Little Cedar river rose to a height of 14 feet in the Riceville and Mossville com munities fields were under water and in some places cattle were forced to swim to safety Bridges Out Many bridges and culverts xvere washed out in Mitchell county and County Engineer Clifford Goplerud described the flash flood as the worst in northeast part of the county he has seen in his 33 years as county engineer Corn and beans in Mitchell county were stripped oats shelled out and flattened soil was washed away in fields livestock drowned and there was considerable water damage in homes In Manly the largest hailstones ever seen there were reported Gardens and fields were ripped and leaves and small limbs sheared from trees Corn Stripped In the vicinity of Manly Ken sett and Grafton cornfields were stripped Some hailstones measured as much as 8 inches in circum ference Some windows in build ings at Manly were shattered and Haven reported chickens and pigs killed in the flood John Dostart lost 300 chickens and Otho Francis 20 pigs The Bob Loftus family of Nev Haven returned home from a trip to the Black Hills Sunday to find their quonset hut practically un der water from the Little Cedar overflow The 4 children all under 8 years were at home in care of a nursemaid They were sleeping in their bedroom in the basement and water had started coining in at 5 a m Sunday Leave in a Hurry Eightyearold Colleen awak ened when she saw water and called to the nursemaid By the time the children were out of the basement the water was 3 feet j deep there was damage reported automobile tops to Farmers in the vicinity of New Mrs Melvin Koschmeder farm woman near New Haven was tak en to a hospital at Osage when she was thrown against the wind shield of a car which stopped sud denly when a bridge washed out Hail heavily damaged corn rnd oats near New Hampton Saturday The damaged area began about 4 miles north of New Hampton and extended in a northeasterly direc tion about 10 miles The strip was about a mile wide Main Yank Force Leaves Key City Communist Army Outnumbers Troops 101 Airstrip Falls Washington mili tary spokesmen said Monday that despite the North Korean breakthrough on the Kum river line there is still plenty of time and space in which to stabilize the line and throw back the invaders By EARNEST HOBERECHT Tokyo main American force defending Taejon abandoned the transport center Monday night to communist troops closing in from 3 directions Taejon key defense city of the central Korean hills was technically in American hands at pm United Press Correspondent Gene Symonds reported by telephone after he left the city at dusk But he added The only persons in the practically deserted city were some South Korean soldiers whose vehicle had stopped one or two civilians and about a dozen GIs In a Trap Symonds had reported earlier hat some Americans already had left Taejon and there was some doubt whether the rest could get out before the swiftly closing communist pincers trapped them The battered but furiously fighting GIs had fallen back into the city after communist forces outnumbering them 10 to 1 broke the defense positions along the Kum river north of Taejon Their defense of Taejon was Juniors Play Corwith in Night Ball Game The Mason City Junior Legion baseball team which Sunday won the district championship b blanking Osage 90 will play a tuneup game for interdistrict competition by meeting the Cor w i t h Juniors Monday night at Roosevelt field in Mason City with game time slated for Mason City goes into the game with a 224 record for the season the stiffest delaying action yet fought in the Korean war Gen Douglas MacArthur praised their valor and effectiveness against overwhelming odds Fade Toward Pusan Outflanked a n d threatened with envelopment the Americans gave up their airstrip outside Taejon after destroying the 4 planes left there Then with the communists slugging into the sub urbs they began to fade back along the trunk transport lines leading to Pusan the entry port on the southeast coast STRIKE AT EAST MOLINE East Moline 111 East Molinc works of the International Harvester Co was shut down Monday when approximately 1700 production workers observed pick et lines set up by striking plant waitresses at entrances to the plant AP Wirephoto REDS AT arrows locate communist drives in west and central South Korea sectors Monday with two forces south of the Kum river bearing dowrf on the west and north of Taejon where the Americans have been forced back from the Kum General Mac Arthur announced two setbacks for the reds in the east At Yechon A U S artillery supported South Koreans who halted the reds and north of Yondok U S lighter planes and a South Ko rean counterattack forced reds to retreat B29s bombed Seoul and Chungju plane Thousands of Reds Overrun American Foxholes Artillery By ROBERT C MILLER With American Forces on the Korean Front Korea UP communists came by the thousands in fanatical screaming waves Right into American foxholes and beyond American artillery fired at pointblank range as fast as it could be loaded but it not stop them for long ELECTRIC STORMS series of electric storms with wind and heavy rains struck North Iowa over the week end The above picture was taken by Chuck Sorlien GlobeGazette photographer on highway No 106 tsvo miles pliolo by Sorllrn south of Clear Lake Saturday night In parts of North Iowa there was damage from hail wind and flash floods which in places washed out trees and approaches to bridges Neither could U S ma chinegunners who piled up com munist bodies like cordwood in front of their guns For every one killed 10 took his place And still they came Kill Chaplain An aid station was enveloped The North Koreans killed all the wounded even the chaplain who had stayed behind to comfort the men That is how the North Koreans caved in the American line on the Kum river north of Taejon Sun day They won by sheer weight of numbers In simple arithmetic it was hundreds of Americans fight ing against thousands perhaps tens of thousands of North Ko reans Lt A A Diancla of Marquette Mich told how it was in the front lines We must have killed 1000 of them the young lieutenant said Ycu just couldnt miss We were dug in on a dike along the river he said They opened up on us about a m Sunday The fire did not hurt us much but we had to keep our heads down Knives and Grenades The first attack came right be hind the barrage The first group of North Koreans carried only knives and hand grenades They swam the river and scrambled up the banks and came right into the foxholes where we were ducking for cover As fast as theyd clean out one foxhole theyd move into another in sort of leapfrog fashion In this way Dianda said the reds cleared an area of about 30C yards on either side of a vital bridge across the Kum which the Americans had blown up earlier Then came the main attack he said They poured out of the woods on the other side of the river in groups of about 70 yelling Banzai Banzai and running straight at us They were all welluniformec and every 5th man carried an au tomatic weapon They tried to come through the hole they had made in our frontline defense but we were rcucly for them i We had the area zeroed in with heavy mortars and artillery and blcvv them to bits at point blank range From 6 until 8 a m they kept coming out of those woods and we kept blasting away at them They would hold their fire un til they were on top of us and then give us the works They pushed through our for ward positions but we caught them with machinegun fire from our 2nd line of defense along some hills about 500 yards to the rear One machinegunner must have killed 250 of them in 15 min utes The reds piled up like cord wood before his gun But the Americans did halt that drive then started a tanksup ported counterattack and drove he reds back across the river By 10 a m they were infull re treat North Korea Puts 40000 into Battle Southern Columns Fare Better on Eastern Flank Washington American forces in Korea will hold some where south of the Kum river and get built up for our of fensive a Pentagon briefing of ficer said Monday The defense headquarters spokesman however said he could not predict now where American forces will stabilize their lines after falling back from the river position By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Communist troops with thunderous artillery support poured into the approaches to tottering Taejon Monday pay ing a heavy price in blood as they t h r e w outnumbered American defenders back to new defense positions To the east Americans and South Koreans jolted the com munists moving d o w n on American supply lanes blast ing two red columns into con fusion by air and unlookedfor artillery fire Gen Mac Ar thurs communique said com munist forces were reported in retreat after a defeat by South Koreans near Kioma dang on the east coast Red forces poured possi bly 40000 men and a flood of tanks into a flaming offen sive on the approaches to Tae jon Monday against Ameri can defenders outnumbered 10 to 1 But to t h e east Americans and South Koreans handed the North Korea com munist a couple of jolts blasting two red columns into confusion by air and un lookedfor artillery fire The Americans abandoned Taejon airfield 3 miles north of Taejon which now is aban doned as South Koreas emer gency capital Red guerrilas Then the American flanks caved were reported at the outskirts i i i T rt T TTQ m rv f in and the outnumbered yanks were engulfed by the reds hordes They came at us from all sides and we had to pull out as best we could Dianda said They overran a frontline aid station and killed all the wounded Our chaplain stayed with the wounded until the end and they killed him too We tried to get out all the walking cases but the litter cases couldnt be moved and they were all murdered by the reds Dianda said he and his company fought their way to the rear after being cut off by the enemy ad vance Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Partly cloudy Tues day Low Monday night 57 Tuesday high 75 Iowa Partly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday with scattered thundershowers southeast por tion Monday night Cooler north and west portion Monday right and in most of the state Tuesday Tuesday 75 to 80 Low Monday night in mid50s northwest near 70 in southeast Shifting winds becoming northwesterly near 20 MPH Tuesday Further out look Wednesday partly cloudy with moderate temperatures Low Tuesday night 54 north west to 62 southeast High Wed nesday 75 to 80 Thursday part ly cloudy and warmer Minnesota Partly cloudy Monday night cooler and less humid Partly cloudy with moderate temperatures Tuesday Low Monday night near 50 west up per 50s east High Tuesday near 70 north lower 70s south IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum 83 Minimum 64 At 8 a m 65 Precipitation 102 YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 89 60 GlobeGazette weather statistics for the 24 hours ending at 8 a m Maximum 81 Minimum 61 At 8 a m 71 Precipitation 136 YEAR AGO Maximum 88 Minmum 57 of the tottering town On this main battlefront the reds threw in their 1st 3rd and 4th divisions and possibly their 6th against elements of the U S 24th division The drive for which the reds grabbed a toehold with a tiny bridgehead across the Kum river Saturday pushed the Americans back 6 miles a Tokyo communi que acknowledged The reds probed south in the area of Non san 20 miles southwest of Taejon in a flanking move which looked like another envelopment ma neuver Reds Get Fasting Fiftyfive miles northeast of Taejon a red column got a past ing Sunday night from the South Korean 21st regiment unexpect edly supported by a unit of U S artillery Methodical bombard ment of the red column halted the red advance dead in its tracks a communique said and by day break the enemy completely abandoned any idea of continuing its advance and was observed con structing defense positions On the east coast another red column north of the Yongdok was blasted by U S 5th air force planes in support of the South Korean 23rd regiment A commu ninque said the result was a catastrophe for the enemy The planes threw the enemy into com plete confusion the bulletin said adding that the counterattack ing South Korean regiment capi talized and pushed forward so aggressively that the communist force fled in disorganized retreat and broke contact with the South Korean regiment These North Korean columns had been pushing south in efforts to break the American supply line and to threaten Pusan the main U S port of supply on the southeast tip of the peninsula 85 miles south of Yongdok Drop 400 Tons Fifty B29 S u per f o rtr ess es struck deep into enemy territory dumping 400 tons of bombs on railyards at Seoul 90 miles north of the main battle area and plas tering the Chungju area supply line in the central sector Russias Prime Minister Stalin was reported by New Delhi dis patches to have told Prime Min ister Nehru of India the Soviet Union holds the admission of communist China to the United Nations security council an essen tial step toward ending the Ko rean war Stalin replying to Neh rus mediation offer is said to ;