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View Sample Pages : Mason City Globe Gazette, July 17, 1943

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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 17, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME VOL XUX DEPARTMENT OF HISTOSV ANO KOINES A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY JULY 7 HOME EDITION imTTTl PAPEB CONSISTS OF TWO SECTIONS I vunaidia UJ TWO SECTIONS xrX o ALLIES NEAR OUTSKIRTS OF CATANIA MOSCOW ugh command new divisions one armored and one infantry against the Russian spearhead now threatening Orel front dispatches said Saturday S army was reported re raising all nazi thrusts and con The German has thrown two inuing to advance One mag of I he red armys smashing counterattack was re ported to have rolled to within 35 miles of he heavily fortified base as the Germans fran tically rallied all available man power and equipment in a des perate effort to stave off a major breakthrough Soviet columns stabbing in from the north and east are within heavy artillery range of Orel dis patches said but it was not dis closed whether barrages had ac tually begun yet They also could pound the OrelBryansk railroad The German communique re ported that fierce fighting of de fense continued in the Orel area Friday and that soviet attacks were repulsed in the hard fluc tuating struggle with 251 Russian tanks destroyed The dispatches said the Russians with motorized infantry iiriobne combthe forest clearings for nazi troops One of he most stubborn bat j ties took place around a village i on the west bank of an nniden tified river not far from the Russian wedce in the German line it was reported The Rus sians said they captured the village Dispatches reported that the northern column of the Russian counteroffensive against Orel was advancing southward and had progressed another six to 10 miles after overcoming 11 heavy Ger man counterattacks There is no indication of the present location of the other Rus sian column advancing on Orel from the east Its original advance put it to within about 25 miles dispatches indicated Southward along the Orel KurskBclgorod bulge against which the nazis hurled a heavy offensive 12 days ago fighting now has died down to scouting operations The war bulletin rave the days bar as 129 German tanks and 76 planes raising the 12 day total to 3181 tanks and 1TS2 planes German losses in personnel also continued to Soviet Troops Advance on Orel 2 NEW GERMAN DIVISIONS TRY i TO HALT GAINS Nazis Frantically Rally Available Men Guns to Meet Attack Fly ing Forts Destroy 50 Nazi Planes LONDON heavy bombers raided industrial targets at Amsterdam in the occupied Netherlands and in northwest Germany Saturday if was offi cially announced Bombs were said to burst in the target areas flying fortresses encountered clouds ot enemy fighters on their way home and early claims indicated that up wards of 50 were destroyed by fortress gunners Two bombers were missing from the daylight raid This marked the second time in four days that the Germans have lost 50 or more fighters Or Wednesday at least 51 fighters were destroyed during raids on aircraft works and airfields in France at least 45 ot them by flying fortresses The day raids followed attacks by Britainbased RAF bombers on Italys transportation system in their second straight assault across the Alps and upon Munich lowan 24 Is Fatally Bitten by Rattlesnake MANCHESTER JF Funeral services were held Saturday for Joseph J King 24 who was fa tally bitten by a rattlesnake while gurcimg a mower on a farm mount the communique said listing the total at 62080 Sk command was audits available motor reservfii r The threepronged Russian drive converging on Orel had Seen reported previously to have carried the red army 12 to 48 enemyoccupied ter mites into ritory There was every indication that the red deeply into i u a kiui J Russian communique army had bitten German defenses Urel is an important rail center and the nazi high command has spent 18 months on its fortifica lons making It one ol the key bases on the central front At the southern end of the Kursk salient where the Germans n the first few days of the battle made their only gains the Rus sians said they still were whit ling the wedge which the naris have held lor the last ten days Artillery action marked the lay to the north outside of Len ngrad where the Russians said heir guns smashed ten nazi ten nazi blockhouses and dugouts and de stroyed several guns A broadcast by the Oslo ra dio recorded by the Associated Press said the Russians after a onf had begun attacking of Schuesselburg on the front The broadcast aid he Soviets had thrown three Liiiee battalions into the attack there BRITAIN BASED PLANES BLAST AT NORTH ITALY Rip Power Facilities Which Feed Mussolinis Electrified Railways LONDON yp Britainbased RAP bombers smashed at Italys transportation system with a sec ond straight night assault across the Alps Friday night by blasting the power facilities which feed Mussolinis electrified railways while mosquito bombers battered Munich on the GermanItalian Brenner line Friday nights targets in Italy as was the case the night before were transformer and switching stations through which flow the current generated in the Alps to keep Italian iail supolies moving The strength of the raiding force was not given Immediately but the fact that the RAF bombers set alarms wailing in western and central Switzerland would indi cate it was a powerful one Abbeville important French railway center was the target for American medium bombers which struck at dusk Friday to leave great fires burning in that control point for all jail traffic to the north The raid was made at the cost of one bomber and protected by a thick blanket 01 allied lighters 3P 3f Flying fortresses had bombed Abbeville 4a threeprevious as saults The night blows by the RAF which cut a path of ruin from northern Italy to the low countries In releasing additional informa tion on the Thursday night raids over northern Italy the air minis try said the attacks were on elec trical nerve centers and were closely tied up with the battle of Sicily in crippling the Italian rail way system Three of the four transformers hit were near Bolog na rail center through which runs the Brenner Pass line from Munich over which reenforcements from Germany must travel Set Up US British Rule for Sicily ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA The first combJned AmericanBritish mili tary government of its kind ac companied the allied invasion army to govem Sicily it was an nounced Saturday Hundreds of American and British officers and men who were trained secretly for months to cavern occupied enemy terri tory Quickly established head quarlers Gen Dwiglvt D Eisenhower designated Gen Sir Harold Alex ander as military governor with supreme authority in Sicily The allied military govern ment organization itself is headed by Maj Gen Lord Rennell of Rodd as chief civil affairs officer Brig Gen Frank J MoSherry of the United States is deputy chief It was officially declared that establishment of the allied mili tary government has no political implications of any kind The action was authorized by Washington and London a directive from the combined chiefs ot staff in Washington to General Eisenhower a 1 ne g milUry government of occupied terri are responsible for the obedience of Sicilian civilians to proclamations of the military governor Although the administration ot Sicily is to be benevolent so far as the civilian population is con the influence ot fascism eaertrlV hired Black Market Prices in N Y Poultry Quoted in Federal Report NEW YORK market prices in the New York poultry market have been quoted officially in a federal report it was disclosed Saturday The market news service here division of the war food admin istrations food distribution admin istration announced in Thursdays report that the poultry market was extremely firm at prevailing black market prices The service former branch of the United States agriculture de partment was even more specific Sravcs adding Market firm with many sales ot springs broilers fryers and roast ers reported 56C above maxi mum ceiling prices A regional DFA spokesman said no policy had been formulated whether the market report service throughout the nation would thus call a spade a spade or would con tinue a policy of quoting ceiling prices The spokesman said the FDA had suspected the issue would sooner or later crystallize adding that Regional Director Buell F Maben would study the matter Mount Etna Near War Scene Begins to Show Activity LONDON Mount Etna which towers more than 10 000 feet above the eastern coast of Sicily where allied and axis forces are now locked in combat lias begun to throw heavy smoke from a lower crater after a long period of inactivity Reuters re ported Saturday in a dispatch from Sicily cially stated fasfcist party will abol ished and the ringleaders of fascism will be removed from of fice Fascist militia and socalled fascist youth organizations will be abolished No political activity AMGO kfUd WUI permitted by wiil be with exiles or refugees No local politicians will be given preferential treatment AMGOT will attempt to gov ern the people of occupied pro vinces and cities through their wm be Graveyard Shift RICHMOND jnd Rome Radio Says Italy Cant TuraAway Prom Hitler Now Italian Communique Tells of Leaflets Calling for Surrender 9 DROWN FROM PANIC ON BOAT Scow Drawn by Launch Ships Water on Lake Mich in ageirpra 12 to 22 years Averc believeddead Saturday the re sult of panic that sent them leap ing into Lake Huron when a launchlowed scow in which thej were pleasureriding on Tawas bay suddenly shipped water All were attending the Saginaw district Methodist young peoples institute an annual encampment it Tawus state park which opened Monday for a weeks run The 50 young people at the in stitute were taking one last ride on the lake before closing camp Saturday About half were riding n a 30foot gasoline launch oper ated by Gordon MacAndrews owner of a Tawas Bay boat livery ind the remainder were in n foot scow lowed by the launch The ride carried the parly a mile up Hie bay The tragedy oc curred when the boat turned and leaded back MatAndrews said nis of the youths in the scow voices in the dead ol night in a nearby graveyard The sheriff and his deputies closed in stealthily on two eerie jgures shoveling dirt from yawn ng pits blacker than the moonless sky Surprised the eerie figures ex plained that they both work clays it other tasks and that they were by the township i dig the graveyard shift Idaho Potato Crop to Top Previous Peak BOISE Idaho Richard C KOSS agricultural statistician counted Idahos potatoes Satur nd the 1943 crop be 39 per cent greater than alutime high set in i total about yield of 235 bushels an acre expected acrca8c 93000 with a shifted the balance of the craft MacAndrews said he called to the youths to reoccupy their seats in the front A majority oC the passengers moved at the same time and the front of the scow dipped jnto the waves shipping Frightened the young people leaped scrciimin into the bay 10000 Ton Light Cruiser Launched at Quincy Shipyard QUINCY Mass 10000 ton liglit cruiser U S S VLncen nes slreamlined namesake of the heavy cruiser lost in battle olf Savo island last year was launched Saturday at the Bethle hem Steel companys Fore river shipyard The original Vincennes was lost with the Quincy Astoria anfl Australian cruiser Canberra on the night of Aug 89 last When its sinking was announced the people of Indiana opened a drive for funds to finance construction of a w vessel Indiana citizens sub n onds S2oOO000 in excess of the an nounced cost of the new ship Italian Just Taken Prisoner Says Weve Been Waiting for You where they struggled in rlecp water about 1500 feet off shore About 30 life preservers which MacAndrews tossed into the water were credited with saving a num ber of lives but not all of those in the water could reach them Some panicstricken seized two pre servers MacAndrews said ironically one boy who remain ed in the scow was Unscathed coastguardsmen said ALLIED COMMAND POST URThe captain of one prison camp tells this one A train load of Italian prisoners arrived at his camp and noticing each had a sizable bundle of per sonal belongings he asked one of them about it What was holding you up replied an Englishspeaking pris oner Weve been packed up al most two weeks US UNITS IN SICILY LISTED ALLIFD HEADQUARTERS NORTH AFRICA U S seventh army fightin Sicily ju oicuy includes the first infantry division under Maj Gen Terry Allen the third infantry division under Ma Gen Lucian Truscott the 45th Hifautry division under Maj Gen SMiddlclon the second armored division under Maj Gen Hush Gaffey and lie E2nl airborne di vision under Maj Gen Alathew ludgway Lewis Calls Policy Committee to Session WASHINGTON L Lewis action calling the united mine workers 200man policy committee back to Washington stirred speculation Saturday over the possibility of a new break in the coal mine controversy The committee was called to a meeting Monday and press spokes man said it would discuss the general situation LONDON the first di rect reply to the Roosevelt Churchill surrender demand the Rome radio intimated Saturday that Italy had strung along with Adolf Hitler too long to turn back now it have foutid peaceonce again7 If as the British and Americans say their goal is Berlin then their way to it is Italy Kalians Irnow full well that for them this ivar is one of life or death The broadcast came scion after the Italian high command com munique had announced that al lied planes flew over Rome last Friday night and dropped leaflets The leaflets it later was re ported contained the Roosevelt Churchill surrender demand DNB German News Agency in a report broadcast by the Berlin radio asserted that Home after noon newspapers printed photo graphs of the leaflets though it did not say if the words could be read in Ihe reproductions Jl Gioritale Dllalia w a s quoted as saying that the mes sage represents a part of the polity announced by Churchill of the MK slick and carrot to ward Italy The message of course is the carrot While full publication of the sununder demand was reported withheld from the Italian press and radio both British and North African stations were oronilcasl ins Hie text for Italian listeners Fascist propagandists hastily marshalled arguments Saturday against an Italian capitulation Neither Italian radios nor news papers picked up tlic allied appeal but Ihe Italian newspaper Cor riero Delia Sera was quoted in a Serlin broadcast as capitulation would onlv us shameful peace and more lighting destruction and suffer ing The official Italian news asjcncy Slefani was quoted in the London Morning Press as saying that if Britain and the United Press want o defeat Italy they must defeat ner with weapons in their hands and pay the price NAZI ITALIAN CHIEFS BICKER Report Fascist Troops Quit French Defenses bick ering over lack of nazi aid for Sicily has strained relations be tween Italian and German officers Madrid dispatches said Saturday as the Italians were reported has tily withdrawing troops from France presumably for home de Kiwef Madrid said the Roosqvelt Chuichill message had made a deep impression in Italy In the first Teacliqnfrom Rome n Stcfani news agency dispatch said the Italians would resist to the end but then complained bitterly of lack of weapons A Berlin broadcast snid the message was merely another note in the nerve war Marid said reports from Italy by way of France told oC the Ital ians in northern cities shouting at German soldiers What nre you doing here Why dont you go to Sicily to liglit You got us into this saying that bring Buy Uar Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier hoy Weather Report FORECAST JIASON CITY Cooler Saturday afternoon and Saturday night IOWA Cooler in cast and slight ly cooler in southwest portion Saturday night tendency to warmer by Sunday noon MINNESOTA Continued cool Saturday night rising tempera ture Sunday forenoon IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday Minimum Friday night 58 At 8 a m Saturday 63 Rai 33 inch YEAR AGO Maximum gj Minimum 74 The straits of Messina practi cally are blocked Madrid said and three fascist divisions intended for the island slill were on the main land The Neue Zuerchcr Zcitung of Zurich reported thai Italian troops in the HauteSavoy region of franco were being pulled out and that all transportation facilities in the area had been requisitioned 2 lowans Named on Meat Advisory Group CHICAGO lowans are among llic 53 men represent ing all segments of the meat in dustry who have accented invita tions to serve on the wav merit boards advisory committee the war food administration an nounced They are Waylaml Hop ley of Atlantic Iowa who will help to represent the cattle feeders and William Vungclas of Webster City Iowa n member of the ho producers group SMASH BACK 2 TANK DIVISIONS WITH ADVANCE Americans Reported Joining British for East Sicilian Drive ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA axis situation around Catania in east ern Sicily was reported in front line dispatches Saturday night to be growing more critical by the hour The allied announcement that a joint AmericanBritish military government had been established ashore and was beginning to take control was interpreted as mean ing that complete occupation ot Sicily was considered to be only a matter of time Gen Sir Bernard L Montgom erys great desert army was be lieved to be approaching the out skirts ot Catania Saturday after smashing back the Hermann Reports Germans Try to Rally at Foot of Mt Etna NEW YORK Wagg of the National Broadcast ing company in a radio report from a British cruiser off the east Sicilian coast said Satur day that Germans now are at tempting to rally their forces at the foot of Mt Etna after com bined warship and artillery bombardments had blasted a path for British armored anlU into the suburbs of Catania Ml Etna lies just to the north of Catania Since Friday after bind CaUnti have been get After bombarding the citys gun batteries we steamed north ward remaining close to the shore line Our guns pumped a steady stream of shells into Ihe southern suburbs of Catania Gocring and elements oC the 15th armored divisions in the biggest battle yet fought for Sicily 4 J6 Going forward with a power ful allied war fleeton his sea ward flank gunning the ene mys positions Montgomery has captured both Lentlni and Scor dia at the entrance to the Ca tania plain allied headquarters announced while on all other parts of the allied front tile ad vance continued Lentini is about 15 miles below Catania the prize seaport and air base half way up the east Sicilian coast and Seortlia is nine miles inland from Lentini Rounding out the capture ot four more towns by the allies the Canadians look Caltagirone 20 miles inland from the American bndgchcacl at Gela and Gram michelc six miles to the east With French Coiimiers fierce knife and tommy gun wielding warriors from the Moroccan hills on their left flank the Americans of LtGen George S Patton Jr were believed to have emerged fromthe hilly ground that ringed their beachheads and to have penetrated inland for perhaps 30 miles The Canadians had cut into the heart of the enemys defense system in central Sicily by their GAINSThe allied command has an nounced the capture of more towns in Sicily as the allies Back ;