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  • Location: Mason City, Iowa
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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 17, 1931, Mason City, Iowa North Iowas Edited for the Home VOL XXXVII FIVE CENTS A COPY Mine Wqges Shrinking Pay for Year Down From to About This Is the seventh of a spe cial series on conditions In the bituminous coal mine area By CHARLES P STEWART PITTSBURGH July 17 CPA i To ascertain just what pay the soft coal miners receive is singular ly difficult It is not a fixed amount daily as in most industries It is by the ton but considerable labor goes with it for which there is no pay what ever Some work also is paid for upon a different basis from straight coal mining There likewise are cer tain sums which tho men pay to the companies as for the lights and for tool dressing Finally tho number cf days work a week is variable All this makes tho problem ex ASSOCIATED PRESS LEASED WIRE SERVICE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITICfaV MASON CITY IOWA FRIDAY JULY 177l931 THIS PAPER CONS1STS OP TWO HEAT CONTINUES IN NORTH IOWA Iowa STRUCK ROBBER WITH BOTTLE TO START SHOOTING Girl Seriously Wounded in Holdup Staged in City Park Calls Railroad Situation Threat to Whole Nation Cole Says Problem Not One of Fair Return Vincent Kemenovich tremely puzzling The Rev W G Nowell of the Hays M E church whom I have frequently quoted gave me the clearest idea of the matter IN WARTIME said tha parson the men averaged around 77 cents a ton Ordinarily ten tons net is a good days work This rate of 5770 daily was 20 cents above the famous Jacksonville scale which one hears constantly referred to in the bituminous region Nevertheless Pastor Nowell says 5770 was approximately the allowing for all the considerations I have mentioned But that he adds must not be multiplied by 365 days or by 365 minus Sundays and holidays The working year then was around 130 days Or 1540 a mner andhis so much at wartime iricea iDjminif No well theneteVerage Is 40 cents a ton and the working year ban shrunk to 125 days In other words yearly a miner and his family An income around J965 a week to support a family Thats about coriect nodded the clergyman RAPIDS July 17 H Peck 46 Iowa City was shot and killed and Miss Rose Zoller Cedar Rapids was seriously wound ed early today by a bandit who ac costed them in a city park Police were told that the shoot ing was precipitated when Peck resisted the holdup striking the bandit with a bottle Peck was shot thru Vhe heart and Miss Zoller was wounded in the abdomen as she ran from behind the machine upon hear ing the first shot Tha bandit then fled Tno Other Robberies According to stories toldpollce E J4Boland Davenport owner of the car and Hiss Zoller were on one side of the car and Peck and Hazel McNulty Cedar Rapids on the oth W The bandit first robbed the for mer couple taking 510 in cash a wrist watch fountain pen and dia mond ring He then turned to Peck and his companion The bandit is believed to be the same one who committed two other robberies in the city late last night The bandit was described as be ing about 30 years old five feet seven Inches tall jUO pounds in weight wearing a dark suit and cap and a plaid mackintosh A ND THE mere item of low pay isnt the whole story supple ments Secretary Vincent Kemeno vich ot the rank and file strike Turn o rnjjc 2 Column 4 DIE 3 HURTIN TiAIN COLLISION Passenger Hits 4 Boxcars Pushed From Siding by Wind i HORACE Kans July 17 Three men two of them identifie as Virgil Graber 25 and Geortr Mi1Ier 20 of North Platte Nebr were killed when a high wind pro peled four box cars from a sidin into the path of a Missouri Pacif passenger train here last night Three others were injured on perhaps fatally The victims wer sleepingin the sidetracked box cars The passengers and crew of th train escaped Injury Miller was identified by means o papers in his pockets The identift eatior was verified by Mrs Fret Miller his mother Bt North Platte She said her sons Companion wa Graber after recei ing a description of the body The third victim was not identi fled immediately After the man shot Miss Zoller he aimedhis revolver at rthe tires of the astdmohlle He then fled but it Is not known whether he had a car or disappeared on foot An emergency operation was per formed on Miss Zoller at Mercy hos pital whose attendants said she was iu a critical condition Traveling Salesman IOWA CITY July 17 H Peck 46 killed today by a bandit in Cedar Rapids was a salesman with Iowa City as his headquarters E J Boland a companion who was said to be likewise a salesman working out of Iowa City is not listed In the city directory Coroner R A Vorphai announced this afternoon that an inquest scheduled for today has been post poned until Monday In order to permit further investigation WASHINGTON July 17 railroad situation was described be fore the interstate commerce com mission today by W R Cole as a potential threat to the entire fi nancial and industrial structure of the nation Cole president of the Louisville and Nashville railway testified as a representative of southern car riers in the hearing on the railroads plea for a 15 per cent rate increase The relation between railroad earnings and fixed charges is vital Cole said and controls the credit standing of the railroads In 1930 the earnings of the railways in the southern region were only 135 times their fixed charges Decrease In Earnings With the enormous decrease in railroad earnings during the current year below those of 1930 it is evi dent that the availability of most railroad bonds for such investments is not only seriously threatened but will certainly be destroyed if some way is not found to improve rail way earnings It would be difficult to overesti mate the potential threat to our en tire financial and industrial fabric which this situation discloses The inadequacy of the present rate level is amply demonstrated by the inability of the railroads to earn a fair return upon an unprecedent ed volume of traffic generally dur ing the period Inclusive Avoid Disaster In the present emergency It is no longer question of a fair return but of 01 return sufficient toavoid the disaster of receiverships In the case of many railroads and the maintenance of reasonable credit on the part of all of them The increase of 5 per cent now sought Cole said is believed to be the minimum increase which would even measurably relieve the present emergency altho the level of rates so produced would fall far Ehort of the statutory rate of re turn THREATENS FORCE US TAKES HAND IN SITUATION Adolph Hitler fiery fascist lender of Germany has de clared himself ready to seize power by force If necessary to save Germany from bolshevism In present economic crisis Hitler announced that the peo ple are ready for any experi ment to savo themselves from ruin AUNT HET By Robert QuiJIen When I hear Annie talk in like she rvas married to a heangel an everbody else knowVvhow rotten he is I cant help wishin love wasnt so blind Markets at a Glance NEW YORK rails lead upturn foreigns lose early gain narrow gains hold fairly well Foreign sterling sags higher spot mar CHICAGO favorable re ports from Canada larger country of ferings hogs irregular Former Congressman From Arkansas Slain bv His FatherinLaw PINE BLUFF Ark July 17 UP former Congressman Chester W Taylor of Little Rock died this af ternoon a few hours after he was shot by his fatherinlaw C M Philpot former judge of Jefferson county W whose home Taylor had come a reconciliation with his wife GLOBE GIRDLERS CHANGE ROUTE Pangborn and Herndon Fail to Take Off With Load of Gasoline ROOSEVELT FIELD N v July 17 Pangborn and Hugh Herndon who narrowly es caped crashing in an attempted takeoff early today announced shortly afterwards they would hop for Harbor Grace N F about mid night and fronn Harbor Grace con tinue to Moscow Their ambition Is to lower the worldgirdling mark of Post and Gatty Pangborn and Herndon had planned to follow the summer steamer route across the Atlantic flying due east 1400 miles and then northeast to the British Isles They were unable to get their ship off the ground however with the load of fuel necessary for sucha long flight and they thereupon decided to follow the great circle route with a halt for fuel at Harbor Grace They said they could fly from Harbor Grace on a course over London Berlin and Moscow mak ing their first stop at one of these three places according to mechani cal and atmospheric conditions Killed Five Others Wounded in Mob Leaders Hunt CAMP HILL Ala July 17 One Negro was killed and five oth rs wounded today os posses sought eadcrs of a mass meeting near ere at which Gov B M Miller was hreatened with violence unless ho eleasea eight Negroes under death entence for an attack on two white near Scottsboro Ala last Mevch Will Rogers PHOENIX Ariz July you want to see lots of our country In one day and all kinds of it leave Fort Worth in the morning from their fine new airport across Texas and bro ther vou will know you crossed something Abilene Big Springs El Paso Douglas Tuc son Phoenix and will be in Los Angeles at 7 p m Had a great new dish laat night Open all the cans of to matoes you have all the cans of cove oysters lots of sliced on ions raw Mix em in a big bowl Its a sort of soup salad Its called we have scraped the bot tom salad You get it at Shady Oak farm Fort Worth Yours for the Latest FREIGHT RATES IN WEST REVISED Commission Orders Changes on Livestock in Most Cases Reductions WASHINGTON July 17 Interstate Cc nmerce Commission today ordered revision of freight rates in the west on livestock in most Instance the charges being reductions from the old rates The decision fixed new rates based on mileage of hauls for cattle calvea hogs sheep and goats set minimum carload weights fixed ter minal charges and dealt generally with the livestock situation The rate on cactle and hogs sheep and goats in double decked cars was fixed at a minimum of 11 cents a hundred in western trunk line and southern territories Increasing one cent every ten miles up to 100 miles and beyond this point by one cent for varying distances For calves and hogs in single decked cars the minimum was fixed at 125 ceits and for sheep and goats in single decked cars 14 cents In mountain and Pacific territory the rate on cattle and on calves hogs sheep and goats In double decked cars was fixed at a mini mum of 12 cents Applies to Iowa DES MOINES July 17 freight rate revision ordered by the Interstate Commerce Commission applies to Iowa and other state in the western district Walter Condra assistant state commerce counsel said today Both the commerce counsels of fice and representatives of the Iowa livestock interests filed briefs In tha case when it was beforo tho com mission Condran said Judge J H Henderson commerce counsel filed the brief for the state while the loya cooperativo live stock shippers association and the Interior Iowa packers also partici pated In the presentation oi testi mony Serious Riots Led by German Communists Put Down By THE ASSOCIATED PRESS A MERICAN statesmen are taking an active hand in the rapidly developing European situation with faecrotary Stlmson attending confer ences in Paris and Ambassador Hugh S Gibson sitting jn on the London meeting of Young plan ex perts The Paris meeting concerned it self principally with financial de tails of helping Germany awaiting arrival of Chancellor Brueninir and Foreign Minister Curtius who are expected Saturday The Young plan experts adjourn ed until after the meeting of repre sentatives of seven nations at Lon don on Monday There appeared to be a possibility that session might be postponed for a day or so until conversations at Paris are conclud ed In Berlin the reichstagsteering committee voted down a demand for an extra session and quiet ap peared to have been restored in the Ruhr where there were serious com munist rlotsover night SHOTS RING OUT Bomb Explodes After Removal From Church AntiFascists Blamed VATICAN CITY July 17 ff Removed from the Interior of the church for examination a bomb exploded early today In the garden of St Peters cathedral six hours after it was discovered It was found late last night near a portable pulpit 50 feet from the great altar where the pope cele brates moss on important occasions and was removed to the grounds to await inspection It was assumed to have been placed by antifascists in an at tempt to discredit the government during the churchstate controversy BERLIN July 17 shots from behind communist barri cades in the Industrial Ruhr today emphasized the seriousness of the financial situation which is speed ing German ofijclals to Paris to night for a parley with French statesmen While Chancellor Bruening and his foreign minister were snatching a few hours sleep in preparation for an arduous weekend rioting broke out in Gelsenkirchen and nolice bat tled communists for possession of the streets A communist was killed and two were wounded by gunfire in a brawl with national socialists at Darmstadt Stores Plundered In Gelsenkirchen stores were plundered windows were smashed lights were knocked out and pave ments were torn up The rioters threw up fortifications in three thorofares and defied the efforts of the police to dislodge them reply ing with bullets bricks and bottles Similar frays occurred in Disscl dorf and Coblenz At Coblenz pistol fire by police prevented communist efforts to make barricades of street paving blocks At DtisseldorC police firetl on a mob after being pelted with stones Defeat Disastrous Disorders at home however were n t the only critical elements in the situation When Bruening and Cur tlns board the train for Paris they will have embarked on a mission so vital that It cannot miscarry it was believed disastrous reper cussions in The Paris parley and the London council of ministers following It or Monday are hailed with sincere re lief in progovernment quarters as a sign that the recognition of Eur opean solidarity Is at last getting a grip on the minds of Europes statesmen President Asks Dawes to Speed Return to London U S Will Take Opposed to French Attitude WASHINGTON July 17 President Hoover today asked bassador Dawes to speed his return 0 his London post and assist Secre taries Stlmson and Mellon at the ministers conference Acting Secretary Castle of the state department said the president iad asked the ambassador to hury jack to London Dawes is now in Chicago and will sail July 22 on tl Mauretania Secretary Stlmson talked b ransAtlautlc telephone today wil President Hoover and the actin ecretary and told them of the step akmg place on tho general Euro peon situation The secretary ha eported the French attitude on no Itical demands on Germany in con nection with financial relief for th etch There was no official com men t on the political angles of th ituation It was strongly intimated that i he present French attitude wa ollowed at the London meeting i vould bo rejected by the Unite tales Secretary Stimson has been in tructed to confine active American articlpation In the conference o imslers to economic issues TOLD TO RETURN TAKE UP DETAILS PARIS July 17 British and French representative oday straightened out some of th etails of the plan they evolved vei terday for extending financial af to Germany and interrupted the negotiations pending the arrival o Chancellor Bruening and Foreign Minister Curlius of Germany who are expected tomorrow Secretary of state Henry L btimson who attended with Ambas sador Edge said there wasnt any time to talk when he came out of the conference for luncheon and an official statement of tho proceed ings said merely that Germanys position was under discussion Nothing was said about Mondays conference of ministers in London but there appeared to be some doubt as to whether that meeting will get under way on schedule It is understood the French want to straighten things out with the German statesmen before golnir on to London but it is not likely that there will bo time for a general mectmg of tho German French British and American representa tives hero beforo Monday Todays meeting it was believed was concerned with financial ar rangements for the 5500000 000 for eign credit which is understood to have been proposed for Germany It was announced after the meet ing adjourned that Dino GranOI Italian foreign minister will Like part in the meeting on Saturday arrive Gerraan representatives CHARLES G MEET FOR HOUR LONDON July 17 MFinancial STARR DIRECTOR OF LIONS CLUBS Mason Cityan Advanced in Ranking at Toronto Convention TORONTO July 17Dr Charles FStarr of Mason City chairman of the International Lions club board of governors was advanced today to the international board of direct ors at the annual convention here Dr Starr is n former president of his own club In Mason City Two years ago he served as Iowa dis trict governor and previous to that he wasslate director of community service Mason City is represented here by W A former international president Dr Starr Dr J L Paul ey club president and C E Gilman club secretary e United States vitH dovetailing the Young plVn and the Hoover moratorium met for an hour today and adjourned until after the conference of ministers to be held here Monday evening Fvery participating nation ex cept the United States which is Turn o 3 Column Predict Another Year of Low Wheat Prices WASHINGTON July 17 The agriculture department said today the present world wheat crop prospects and indications of prob able demand point to another year of very low prices for the world as a whole Flyers Plan Return by Way of Africa and South America BUDAPEST Hungary July 17 the worlds spot ight on their nalive land with the irst transAtlantic flight from Am ripfl to Hungary Capts Alexander lagyar and George Endres gave hemselvos up today to the plaudits t tneir countrymen They landed the monoplane Jus ice For Hungary near the village f 14 milc3 from Budapest t p m p m rowa me last night missing their goal y the scantiest of margins be ausc their fuel ran out They had own 3239 miles from Harbor race N F in 2fi hours ami 22 ilmites since Wednesday noon af 3r a short hop from Roosevelt icld N Y on Monday Their plane came down in a orccd landing by the side of a rail oad track damaging the propeller nd one wing but inflicting no In ury on the pilots They crawled out nd telephoned the news of tliclr rnval to Matyasfold airdrome An therplane brot them to the city Honored by Cabinet e men were taken first to th iiome of Premier Bethlen where h and members of the cabinet felici tated them on their achievement Later over tankards of beer tbei told how clomlnishinRgasoline ove land and heavy storms over watc had made their feat a hnzardou Temperature in Mason City Ascends to 99 Degrees A LTHO clouded skies m parts of f1 Iowa tended to alleviate cen tury and near century temperatures promised thiindershowcra In North Iowa failed to materialize Friday and by 3 oclock the temperature la Mason City had reached 99 degrees The federal weather bureau des cribed the heat wave suffered tho last four days in Iowa as moving eastward with a low pressure expected to bring decreased temper atures So far temperatures rangingup to 103 have brot about two pros trations in the statu neither ser ious one death In Council Bluffs and six drownlngs according to the Associated Press Hottest In State Inwood was again officially the hottest place In the state Thursday with 102 altho Mason City tied t unofficially Alta reported the lowest temperature 67 degrees De corah Forest City Burlington Ce dar Rapids and Davenport reported official temperatures of 100 de Iowa City lnd Esthervillo Keokuk Waterloo Charles City and Fort Dodge 98 Marshalltown ami Albia D7 Alta Omaha ity Bo and many other places 94 and 95 Alta and Sioux City were tho il3 P precipitation during the 2t hours ending this RELIEF IN SPOTS DES MOINES July 17 Kaln in some ports of Iowa and fides m others effected slight relief from a heat wave now in its fifth day Cherokee reported 30S inches of rain and Council Bluffs had light showers Maximum temperatures re unoffilcally today Include Davenport 09 Sioux City 86 Dea Moines 83 Boonc 91 Ottum At Davenport the temperature dropped 8 degrees in 15 min utes this afternoon uaptain Magyar said he yao glad lo be home again but he con sidered his companion more fortun ate because he had a wife and child ren waiting for him Both were In the Hungarian air force during the war and urc now army reserve WI1I Mnko Return They plan to remain here about a month and then make a return rossing of the Atlantic via Africa and South America Aviation authorities were enthu siastic in praise of the airmens pi oting and navigation ability It was tinted out that not since Colonel made his historic hop to Paris and Coste and Bellonto back 2 Column Buckingham Has Its First Private Ball in 19 Years Play Peanut at Special Request of Queen Mary LONDON July 17 first private ball In Buckingham palace in 19 years graced by King George and Queen Mary lost night was social history today The king and queen wore the cen ter of a swirling mass of dancers in the crimson and gold and white stale ballroom The king was dressed In tie full uniform of a colonelinchief of the black watch and the queen in a gown of ivory colored chiffon em broidered with pearls and diamonds Haunting waltzes of olden times vied with jazz tunes of another gen eration for the dancers favor The Peanut Vendor was played at a special request of the queen by a string band of the royal artillery morning The former had 91 inch of rain and the latter 0 Rains originating in the north west were on their way toward Illinois Indiana and Ohio Sighing With Relief rUl id Minnesota which had been sweltering under temperatures running over the hun dred degree mark found themselves sighing with relief na mercury dropped in some localities as low fla Iowa Nebraska Missouri and southern Illinois apeared duo to shower frat tho While the Pacific coast enjoyed normal weather and the southern and eastern states were cooled by vagrant showers thermometers in tho middle west Thursdayjumped into the three Helre class Chicago however hnU a maximum of de grees From the standpoint of mortality the current heat wave is only na echo compared to that of latter The national death toll then was well Into 1200 the toi of tha current wave is sUi n its IOWA WEATHER cloudy nml cool tliunelflrshoivers Friday nfterl noon or Friday night in sotllll central and cxtronw cast por tions balurdny mostly fair mid cooler In southeast and extreme eastern portions LOCAL STATISTICS weather figures tot Maximum Thursday Minimum in Night T At 8 A M Friday aj North Iowas heat wave crescend Cd to 102 degrees Thursday after noon And the night was one of the most thoroly disagreeable of any In years here in Mason City as much because of a high humidity ns be ause the temperature went no low r than 7 Clouds gave a arclicd earth partial protcctloa rom the blistering sun Friday morning ami prevented the mer urys rise to heights attained last three days Then too the wind ad changed to the north The mercury had reached 90 at 3 clock Friday afternoon ;