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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 16, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME T or iv KISTOSY ARCH IVES OE3 UOINES I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS Associated Press and United Press Full leased Five Cents a Cop I MASON CITY IOWA TUESDAY JULY 16 1946 This Paper Consists ol Two SecUonsSecttoa OB a HOUSE SENDS OPA TO CONFERENCE Secretary of State Raps Soviet Tactics in Big 4 Conference Washington Van I denberg R told the sen 1 ate Tuesday that substantial gains have been made toward j world peace but the goal still re I mains far from total achieve ment The Michigan senator took the I floor to discuss the big 4 meeting I of foreign ministers in Paris which j he attended as an advisor He I voiced full indorsement on the con I ference report siven the nation by I radio Monday night by Secretary I of State Byrnes Byrnes said that Russia is creat ling doubts and suspicions by 1 her objections to a German dis I armament treaty He announced I that this country is moving to Iward breaking down economic bar Iriers in Germany even if tne do not help I Vandenberg said there is ap disagreement among the 4 powers on the question of As one example of the failure see eye to eye on many points Tie said that Soviet Foreign Minis ter Moiotov quotes Yalta to prove that President Boosevelt promised 110000000000 in reparations to pussia Mr Byrnes Vandenberg con tinued quotes Yalta to prove that Rooseveltdid nothing of the tort J Bymes said in his giving Hussia a choice fae lveen cooperation or economic in Germany will go for Tard this week to Gen Joseph T EcN a r n e y American military at Frankfurt 1 The orders will be to cooperate lith any or all of the other oc France finance transpor Ition communication trade and I dustry I In a radio report to the Ameri people on successes and fail res of the 4power council of Ireign ministers at Paris Byrnes Iserted I We will either secure economic between the zones place the responsibility for the on the Potsdam agree Truman listened in id telephoned congratulations to secretary immediately after broadcast I Russia declined at the Paris Beeting to go along either on eco measures guarantees for Germany disarmed for a Biarter of a century or the writ Ig ofa peace treaty for Austria I On those points Bymes ob trved the conference made no Irogress at all He pinned the squerely on Russia I I do not believe tie declared the Soviets realize the loubts and suspicions which they lave raised in the minds of those mi other countries who want to be liielr friends by the aloofness and hostility with which have received Americas to guarantee jointly the con Inned disarmament of Germany But on thesuccess side of the ledger Byrnes listed the calling a peace conference for July 29 lo consider treaties drafted in tentative form at the Paris coun for Italy and the former axis Prospects are bright he said Reveals Rift Among Big 4 BYRNES REDS CHOICE IN GERMAN SETUP lie presented a grim picture of the Jugging and hauling that went on Germany and Austria Ihe orders being drafted for Me Byrnes said it was no se that 4 power control of Ger nany on a zone basis is not working well Under the Potsdam 43 Nazis Get Death Verdict for Massacre Dachau Germany IP An American military court sentenced 43 veteran German SS troops to death Tuesday for the slaughter of 900 American soldiers and Bel ian civilians during the winter Battle of theArdennes Bulge The crimes were committed luring Germanys last offensive round the Christmas season of 1944 Prison sentences ranging up to ife were given the other 30 of the ran officer and 73 officers and men convicted last his petite wife to J BYRNES WARNS of State James F B VTHGS STlPn TcTTl CT Vi va H T rv TVTrvvi rl n i r T I 4 T ULtlLti JiUUCS JP Kyrnes speaking by radio Monday night warns Russia that she is creating doubts and suspicions by objecting to a German disarmament treaty AP Wirephoto Reveal Russian AgentsSent Uranium 235 Samples to USSR Expect Britain Canada U S Conference on Red Spy Activities Ottawa that the 3 nations which hold the atom bomb secrets may confer on Rus sian spy activities were seen Tues day following publication of an official Canadian report that sov iet agents who may still be operating in Canada had flown samples of uranium 235 toRussia The report issued by a royal commission composed of 2 of Can adas 7 supreme court justices asserted that many top secret mil itary developments already had been compromised because of Russian spies and that Moscow was seeking information on post war defenses of the 3 the United States Britain and Canada After repeating previous charges that the soviet spy operations had ramifications in the United States and Britain the commission rec ommended that Canada consider whether to communicate her find ings to the proper authorities in and the the United Kinkdom United States The 250000word report said that Dr Alan Nunn May British scientist who worked on atomic research in Montreal had given samples of uranium 235 enriched and uranium 233 essential ele ments in the manufacture of atom bombs to a Lt Angelov assistant attache in the Russian embassy in Ottawa The mater ials then were flown to Moscow by a Lt Col Motinov the commission asserted May was sentenced by a British court last spring to 10 years in prison Information of the greatest importance on radar was ob tained by Hussia spies the report said Also compromisedwere a wiring diagram on a new type ol fuse information on a submarine detection device and secret data of great value on propellants and explosives the report added The commission said the Rus sians had been largely balked however in their efforts to ferre out details of atomic secrets Pearl Harbor Probers Clear FDR7 Hull of Direct Blame colleagues representing Keefe of Wisconsin and Gearhart the of said to have it i 11 i I ii saia to have Lv with he democra ble of 5 occupied states live and tic members hreathe as free people He The 112000word majority re We are on the road back to be formally lieaee later thls reportedly places I But the 4 powers had a great ihe blarne for American failure truggle and tremendous difficul anticipate the attack on both lies n Viarmorvr wasmngton military officials and UU1JLU1 TViv rt ies in harmonizing their views Washlngton military officials and is much as they did on neace Hle commanders at Pearl Harbor reaties the secretary said And were Maj Gen Walter Short nvttftintnA IA n ana Admiral Htisnanri K KimTnni and Admiral Husband E Kimmel The committee was said to have made 25recommendations for ad Leading up to his disclosure of ralnistrative changes in army and n navy procedure as a result of dis in connection with the closures attack Ferguson has prepared a minor ity report which democratic mem pact he bers said was Printed by the of said Germany was to be senate printer before the ma istered as an economic unit report of the committee had Istead he added she is being run been completed Jn 4 closed compartments and In his minority report Ferguson W country a threatened with was expected to lay emphasis on Ration and economic paralf contention he had repeated dur V the hearing that there was an Vting that the American zone arrangement between the United Costing American taxpayers States Great Britain the Nether 4 000000 a year he declared lands and Canada for a Pacific tv onditico must not continue defense pian long before the Vthe instructions to the genUnited States entered the war AHhocgh details of the majori iy report were cloaked in secrecy drafting it said the committee indicated belief that the late Pres ident Roosevelt and former Score tary of State Hull had taken rea sonable measures to warn tlv Pearl Harbor commanders thai war was imminent in the Pacific So far as Short and Kimme were concerned the committee re portedly found that while thej had not been fully cognizant oj the developing world situation they were not given as specific information about conditions in the Pacific as they should have re ceived from Washington In this connection member noted that both Gen George C Marshall and Lt Gen Leonard T Gerow testified before the com mittee that if there was any re sponsibility for not having warned Short more specifically it was their responsibility Buy Herring Home Des Moines PhThe Catholic diocese of Des Moines has pur hased for the home iiuiue u the late Senator Clyde L Herring YEAR AGO ss a residence for Bishop Gerald Maximum T Bergam Minimum RUSSIANS HAND OVER MISSING AMERICAN PAIR U S Planning Release of 3 Russians Held as Espionage Suspects Berlin Russians hand ed over a missing American war soon afterward the Amer Thursday Col Joachim Peiper who gave ana soon auerwara tne Amer the fateful order that the SS troops icans announced they were releas vvere to take no prisoners was mE 3 Russian espionage suspects me of those doomed Testimony the red array was that he ordered frozen ex hausted and disarmed American vi wjium uiaunca 10 oe red army prisoners shot during the battle officers had been arrested in the and that the Germans sang songs of massacre on the eve of the of fensive Col Gen Josef Sepp Die trich veteran of Adolf Hitlers abortive beer hall Putsch in 1923 in nearby Munich and commander of the German sixth panzer army was sentenced to life imprison ment His troops spearheaded the DecemberJanuary battle Tit Gen Hermann Priess com mander of the first SS panzer corps was sentenced to 20 years In prison Birg Gen Fritz Kraemer chief of staff of Dietrich was given 10 Testimony at the trial showed that 750 American prisoners were slaughtered and ISO Belgian civil ians also were put to death The formal death sentence pro vided for hanging doomed men asked the court for permission to be shot instead The court announced that a re commendation to that effect would be made to Gen Joseph T Mc Narney commanding eeneral of American forces In Eurone Some women wept as the sen tences were read in the crowded sentences in courtroom The 30 prison eluded 22 for life terms two for 20 years one for 15 and five for 10 years Only one of the 74 accused of ficers and men an enlisted man who testified for the prosecution was freed in the eightweek long trial held in this infamous nazi concentration camp where thou sands of prisoners died Some Shirt Lancaster Pa accounts Monday of the wedding of Annabell Russel and James F Goldbach said The bridegroom wore the same shirt worn by the brides father and 3 brothers at their weddings Ask Help of Police to Return Daughter Austin Minn OJR Mr and Mrs George Togas Tuesday called on Minneapolis police to help them in returning their 13 year od daughter to her home Joan Togas ran away from Aus tin July 8 and since then her par ents have received 2 postcards zones 2 and 6 Her father who ana o jier lamer wno laal muxaudj icueivea pris told police he and his daughter terms were close pals said he did not Meanwhile the government a know why she had left home nounced that 4 officials of t The postcards said the girl was PUblC Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Showers and some what warmer Tuesday night Qanl mp Kpl Wednesday partly cloudy and pectfd to warmer with some possibility pectca 10 start of showers Iowa Showers Tuesday night 3 Minneapolis slightly warmer in east portion r Wednesday partly cloudy and warmer with scattered showers Minnesota Cloudy Tuesday nighl IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Tuesday morning Maximum 74 Minimum 55 At 8 a m Tuesday 66 82 KB U S army authorities early Tues The civilianclad Russians two f whom claimed to be red army TJ S zone 2 weeks ago It was an nounced The Americans Warrant Officer and Mrs Samuel L Harrison of San Antonio Tex disappeared 15 days ago when they ventured 500 yards into ths Russian occupation zone to see a pet shop dog ken nel Harrison said he was held 2 days in virtually a dungeon his wife said she was questioned re peatedly and at one time cried during an interrogation Two other Americans still were missing somewhere in the Rus sian zone Gen M Dratvin Rus sian deputy military governor advised U S army authorities the red army still was collecting data on the men in the neighbor hood of Oranienburg a Russian army district headquarters The missing men were Capt Harold Cobln of Newark N J andIt George Wyatt Okla homa City who were last seen July4 boarding a train for Oran lenburf 20 miles north of Berlin Gen James A Keating American commander in Berlin said strenuous efforts were being made to secure their release Har rison and his wife Helen were released to Keating at a m at Russian headquarters American intelligence officers said they had no trace of Cobin and Wyatt since the driver of their jeep left them at a northern Ber lin railway station Brig Gen Edwin L Sibert of the U S headquarters intelligence division said in a statement the 3 Russians had been held on sus picion of espionage in the TJ S zone of Berlin The arrest of these civilian clad foreign clandestine operatives in the U S zone of Berlin in no wise violated any written oral or implied quadripartite agreemenl in that city the statement said Our policy in the future must be the same or more severe depend ing on the circumstances The Russians are being turned back to the soviet zone at the re quest of Russian authorities who identified the 3 by name the state ment said Execute 9 Men for Part in Polish Riots Warsaw men were executed by a firing squad Mon day for setting off a July 4 po grom in Kielce which cost the lives of 41 persons Three other enis nave received 2 postcards ot ti persons inree otner marked from Minneapolis postal defendants convicted with the 9 last Thursday received prison an the special investigating committee found they had not been ener getic enough in intervening to halt the pogrom Those arrested were a Major Sobszynski head of the Kielce se curity forces and 3 of his assist ants The inquiry is continuing Trial of a 2nd group of defen dants in the Kielce pogrom is ex Report Butter Sale Drop Minneapolis Min and Wednesday with occasional neapolis retail grocers reported showers Not so cool north and Tuesday their butter sales had central portions Tuesday night dropped at least 50 per cent since Somewhat warmer f A the death of OPA but one of them the Atlantic Pacific at tributed part of the drop to hoard A Sc P officials said housewive had been hoarding butter bu1 over the weekend sales were up somewhat They predicted a rise in sales when the old supply is ex hausted Hoves and Witts said their butter sales were down at least 50 per cent BUSSING AMERICANS RELEASED BY Warrant Officer and Mrs Samuel L Harrison San Antonio Texas tell of their experiences in Berlin Tuesday after their release by the Russians AP Wirephoto by radio from Report Heirens Has Admitted Slaying of Suzanne Degnan Claim Youth Also Has Confessed Killing of ExWAVE Housewife the morning of Jan 7 he picked up a small ladder in the yard He placed the ladder against a rear wall of the Degnan home and the window United Press Staff Correspondent chllds bedroom She was sleeping He threw a sack over her Chicago Uf William George head picked her up and carried i u her on his shoulder down the lad der and into an alley Near the mouth of the alley the child woke and cried out He feared discovery So in the quiet of the early winter morning he strangled the child with his hands within a few yards of her home By ROBERT T LOXJGHRAN Heirens 17 year old college stu dent has admitted that the slaying and dismemberment of 6 year old Suzanne Degnan was prqmedi as the safest and easiest way to collect ransom from her father the United Press learned from Tuesday reliable sources of theshock ing details inthe youths brief oral admissions revealed exclu sively by the United Press that lie kidnaped and killed little Su zanne and also killed 2 Frances Brown a former Wave and Mrs Josephine Ross a house wife The latter slayings were com mitted in a mad frenzy which in the youths twisted mind when the women surprised him in attempts to burglarize their apartments The youth showed the same vio lent reaction June 26 when he wrestled 4 policemen after they caught him attempting to bur glarize another apartment Heirens came into court Tuesday for arraignment on 29 burglary assault and robbery charges His attorneys saying they came into possession of the indictments only Tuesday asked a continuance Criminal Court Judge Harold G Ward gave Heirens until Aug 14 when he will hear motions which Heirens attorneys may file or on a plea Heirens had been a delivery boy for a liquor store in the section a north side residential area He knew the home He thought there was money there The childs father James earned a year although the youth thought he was a wealthy man After reaching the Degnan home shortly before 2 a m on MiHAItOVICS APPEAL DENIED Faces Firing Squad Within Next 24 Hours London Belgrade said Tuesday that the appeal Gen Draja Mihailovic against his death sentence has been refused The rejection of the appeal by Mihallovics defense counsel lo the presidium of the Yugoslav legislature apparently doomed the guerrillaleader to execu tion before a firing squad within less than 24 hours Mihailovic was sentenced to death Monday and under Yugo slav law executions must be car ried out within 48 hours The ex ecution will be private behind the walls of the prison in which he is confined Ten of Mihailovics 23 code fendants were also sentenced to execution by firing squads Al but one of them appealed also to the presidium Radio Belgrade said that appeals of the others convicted Monday also have been rejected The decision was announced in a formal communique Those sen tenced in absentia had appealed through their attorneys HEIRENS TALKS WITH HIS ATTORNEYWilliara Heirens 17 questioned about the Degnan kidnap slayjng talks with one of his attorneys John Coghlan m the county jail at Chicago MEMBERS VOTE 21164 AGAINST S BILL Congress Conferees to Write Compromise Price Curb Measure Washington a vote ot 211 to 64 the house Tuesday re jected the senate OPA bill and sent it to a housesenate conference committee for a new effort to write a compromise price control measure that President Truman will sign The vote was a victory for the president In this round of the weekslong strusgle over OPA hut administration leaders conceded that nobody could guess what OPA will look like if indeed it survives at all when it finally runs the gamut of the legislative processes Speaker Rayburn im mediately after the house voted appointed these house members to deal with the senate in the effort to compromise the troublesome OPA issue Chairman Spence of the banking committee and Heps Brown Patman D Barry DN Wolcott Crawford and Gamble RN A key house republican Rep Wolcott of njiehtean joined ad ministration leaders In urginff that the senate version of OTA be re ivritlen in a senatehouse confer ence committee The bill at present is in worse condition than we have ever seen in the history of OPA legislation Woicott declared Across the capitol the senate approved a 556650000 fund to operate OPA if the now defunct agency is revived The appropriations measure carried a rider forbidding use of any of the funds for propa ganda Senators McKellar D Tcnn and Ball R Minn defended the rider against criticism from Senator IMurdock D Utah that it was improper Ball said the provision was in serted because OPA officials had put the heat on congress and improperly used public funds for this purpose He said the provision was aimed only at barring OPA officials from trying lo stir up the public to force congress to vote one way or another upon OPA and price con trols There was widespread belief among house members that Presi dent Truman would veto the new OPA bill unless major changes come from the conference com mittee and the senate and house accept them Housing Shortage Lets Divorced Hubby Share House With ExWife Albuquerque N HIcv District court taking note of the housing shortage in considering Mrs Earl Henry Vanderfechfq suit for divorce decided it would impose undue hardship on her husband to vacate the house The result Vanderfccht may continue to occupy the sleeping porch provided he docs not annoy his wife Seek Change in Divorce Situation in England London IP A churchap pointed committee called upon Britains Methodists Tuesday to accept the divorce situation with a sense of reality and recommend establishment of discipline com mittees to consider requests for remarriage Methodist rules now permit re marriage within the church of only the innocent party in a di vorce Ministers and lay delegates rep resenting 750000 Methodists in England Wales and Scotland opened the churchs annual con ference Tuesday There was no indication when the resolution would be called for debate District Court Rules Beer Permit Issuance Fairficld V Curtis Ba tavia who sued the mayor and councilman of Batavia demanding that they issue him a class B beer permit previously refused has the backing of district court Judge H C Taylor ruled Mon day that Mayor Carl Degood and the councilmen must issue the permit to Curtis who was refused June 30 when he made applica tion ;