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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 15, 1948, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME HOME EDITION THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS VOL L1Y AtioctiUd Press and United Press Fun Wires Five Cents Copy MASON CITY IOWA THURSDAY JULY 15 1948 This Paper Consists of Two One No 239 AP Wirephoto WINNERS SHAKE Harry S Truman left and Senator Alben W Barkley of Kentucky shake hands on the speakers rostrum as they appear before the convention which nominated them Wednesday night for the presidency and vicepresi dency on the 1948 democratic ticket Jews Rout Arab Force Siege on Negba Has Been Raised Tel Aviv forces have routed an Egyptian battalion and raised the siege of Negba on the southern front below Tel Aviv official sources claimed Thursday But in most of Palestine the fighting fronts were so quiet that observers wondered if the lull was a prelude to another truce Throw in Armor Egypt threw in armor planes artillery and a strong infantry force in an effort to take Negba which the Jews remembering Stalingrad had called Negba grad but a counterattacking Jewish mechanized commando unit caught an Egyptian battalion of guard killed 200 ot themand wounded another 200 and broke the Egyptian ring encircling the Jewish bastion The battle field was littered with dead bodies and the Egyp tians withdrew in confusion leav ing their killed and wounded be hind a United Press corres pondent on the southern front re ported Had Town Circled Earlier a Cairo communique had claimed that Egyptian troops had Negba encircled and had driven off Jews attacking to lift the The Jewish commando unit which relieved the Negba defend ers is called Samsons Foxes It was in the Negba area that the Bible says Samson defeated the Philistines after sending foxes with burning rags on their tails through Philistine grain fields to set them ablaze At the same time a Jewish mechanized unit made a surprise foray into Sidud which the Egyp tians have held since before the United Nations truce and drove up and down its streets spraying them with automatic fire PROBE REPORT DUE Waterloo Black Hawk county grand jury report on its in vestigation of the recent Rath packing company riot is expected a few days The jury Wednesday returned an indict ment on another investigation of a minor nature Russia Objects to Proposal to Settle Palestine Issue Lake Success Wednesday night suddenly object ed to several key sections of the American proposal for ending the Palestine war The soviet stand threatened to delay or even kill the plan for the security council to issue a ceasefire order to the Jews and Arabs Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Andrei A Gromyko raised his ob jections and made counter propo sals just as the council appeared to be nearing a vote The Ameri can plan had 6 affirmative votes pledged but 7 are needed and Russia thus appeared to be in a position to force a series of changes and deletions Council President Dmitri Z Manuilsky of the Soviet Ukraine hurriedly adjourned the meeting after Gromykos speech and dele gates went into private huddles in an attempt to reach some agreement The council will con vene again Thursday Would Eliminate Count If accepted the soviet counter proposals would eliminate Count Folke Bernadotte from the pic ture The United States resolution provides for the U N mediator to supervise a truce of unlimited duration and continue efforts at mediation Russia moved to strike out all these sections Gromyko accepted the sections of the resolution calling for a council order to the Jews and Arabs to stop fighting within 3 days Failure to comply would open the way for invoking diplo matic and economic sanctions or even the use of international mili tary force He also agreed to an immediate ceasefire in Jerusa lem Ignore Verdict Basing his argument on the contention that the U N assem blys decision to partition the Holy Land into independent Jew ish and Arab nations is in full effect Gromyko said Bernadottes mediation efforts had ignored this verdict and there was no need for further attempts at mediation U S Deputy Delegate Philip C Jessup told reporters he is study ing the developments He said the United States might make some changes in wording but would not agree to dropping Bernadotte The Great Bustard one of the largest flying birds weighs about 30 pounds Western Allies May Carry Berlin Demands to Stalin London western al lies may carry their demand for the immediate lifting of the Ber lin blockade direct to Premier Jo sef Stalin informed sources in dicated Thursday Stalin made the deal with us In 1945 for the western withdraw al of troops around Berlin an in formant said Now Mr Molotov Soviet Foreign Minister V M Molotov is repudiating it It would certainly be logical to carry the case to the Russian court of last resort before turning to other action This possibility was raised while Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin told the British cabinet that Rus sias refusal to lift the Berlin blockade posed a serious challenge to the prestige and even the honor of the western powers Emerrencr Session A regular cabinet meeting at 10 Downing street it was under stood was virtually converted into an emergency session to discuss the Russian note which challenged the right of the western powers to remain longer in Berlin Continuous consultations among American French and British of ficials here and between this cap ital and Paris and rashington continued Quick counteraction to the completely unsatisfactory Rus sian reply 3s another note with a threat to carry the case to the United Na tions or to the world court if the blockade is not ended immedi ately Far Apart The west and the east were far apart The west insisted upon the immediate lifting of the blockade and then possibly 4power talks on Berlin The Russians refused to lift the blockade charged that the west has forced its imposition by introducing new currency into Berlin and insisted that any 4 power talks must consider all German problems American Ambassador Lewis Douglas and French Ambassador Rene Massigli prepared to spend most of the day on conferences here with high British officials to formulate a joint plan The Berlin crisis which has been very since last month turned even worse 6n pub lication of the soviet reply to the AngloAmericanFrench demand that the soviet blockade of Berlin be lifted at once Arrest Driver of Death Auto Second Lake Mills Man Succumbs to Injuries Albert Lea Minn Madin 32 Albert Lea admitted Thursday that he was the driver of a car which struck 2 men kill ing one outright and injuring the other faially authorities said The victims were Alfred C Ness and Carl Juveland both of Lake Mills Iowa Ness was killed in stantly and Juveland died early Thursday in a hospital here The 2 were changing a tire on their own car south of Albert Lea when struck Wednesday by a car which sped on without stopping Deputy Sheriff Jess Seuser said Madin was apprehended on a tip from a person who noticed Madins car had a broken headlight and dented fender Seuser and Acting Sheriff Carl Lindahl picked up the car and later arrested Madin Seuser said He said Madin had agreed to sign a written confession as soon as au thorities have completed their in vestigation No charges had been placed against Madin Strike Ease1 Reported in Italy Crisis Government Says Back to Work Movement Is Cracking Riot Front Rome The government said Thursday a back to work movement is cracking the gen eral strike clamped on Italy by communist labor after the at empted assassination of Palmiro Togliatti Togliatti Italys No 1 commu nist who also stands ace high with he soviet union was reported mproying A Sicilian law student shot him 3 times outside the cham ber of deputies Wednesday G Persons Die In addition to the paralyzing eneral strike the shooting touched off violence which claimed the ives of 6 persons and injured lundreds more Disturbances con tinued Thursday but on a lesser scale than Wednesday The interior ministry headed by Mario Scelba said Italian workers were beginning to return to their iobs at several places Resistance to Stiffen This was regarded as certain to stiffen resistance by Premier Al cide de Gasperi to reported de mands from the communistled eneral Labor Confederation CGIL lor Scelbas resignation as the price for ending the strike The interior ministry com munique described the situation n Italy as everywhere normal It said Sicilian railways were op erating again volunteers were manning expresses out of Naples government offices operating reg ularly and that there was restoration of activity in many cities Truman Wins Ballot Calls Congress Back Grand Jury indicts 33 Rath Strike Violence Under Investigation Waterloo Black Hawk county grand jury which has been in session since June 9 investigat ing violence at the Rath Packing company plant during the strike there returned 33 indictments Thursday all in connection with the strike The jury indicted Fred Lee Roberts Negro of Dunkerton on manslaughter charges in connec tion with a fatal shooting on the picket line at the plant which waf followed by a riot Also indicted were Leo Guynn president of the CIO United Pack inghouse Workers union local and Everett Hopper chief steward of the local Both were charged with conspiracy to riot and were being held in the county jail Eleven indictments charging conspiracy were returned Demos Stay With McGrath Retained as National Committee Chairman Philadelphia JP Senator J Howard McGrath was retained as chairman of the democratic na tional committee Thursday to di rect the election drive for Presi dent Truman and Senator Bark ley The selection of McGrath was made at a postconvention session of the national committee Northern party leaders laudec both the TrumanBarkley tickel and McGrath as they put into of fice this slate of national commit tee officials for the campaign McGrath of Rhode Island na tional chairman Mrs Charles W Tillett ofNorth Carolina vice chairman Mrs Dorothy Vreden burgh of Alabama secretary Joe L Blythe of North Carolina treas urer Leslie Biffle of Washington D C sergeantatarms and Rep resentative Clarence Cannon of Missouri parliamentarian Alabama representatives showei up at the committee session but Mississippi was missing Youth Dies After Being Hit by Truck Dubuque Dunham a 5 year old Rickardsville boy died Wednesday in a hospital here from injuries suffered when he was hit by a county dump truck late Tuesday near his home The death brought to 6 the number of persons killed in traf fic accidents so far during 1948 in Dubuque county Son of Mr and Mrs William Dunham who live north of Rick ardsville the youngster was knocked unconscious when he wa hit by the truck and he never re gained consciousness hospital au thorities said After his death Coroner Nor bert F Behr was called to take charge of the case Auto Crash Injuries Fatal to Iowa Man Knoxville William Wil liams of Knoxville died Thursday of injuries suffered in an auto mobile accident June 21 on High way 60 near here Williams was injured when the automobile driven by his son Marvin ran into a bridge abut ment The son was bound over to the grand jury a week ago on charges of driving a car while in intoxicated He is free on bond SAME BUek means traffic death la DM 24 Pershing Is Dead at Age of 87 Years Announcement of World War I Leaders Death by President Washington of the Armies John J Pershing com mander of World war Is victor ious doughboys died Thursday He was 87 Death of the aged general who hat a grateful nation could con fer was announced by President Truman through white house aides The end came quietly early Thursday morning at Walter Reed army hospital where Pershing has lived in recent years Death was causes by a blood clot which reached his lung Major General George hospital com mandant said the underlying cause was arteriosclerosis and auricular fibrillation Nationwide Service President Truman asserted that the nation will ever hold him in grateful remembrance said he will call for a nationwide memo rial observance of Pershings death American flags throughout the capital were immediately dropped to half staff as prepara tions were made to accord solemn honors to one of the greatest ol Americas military heroes In accord with the generals lonftime wish he will be buried in Arlington National military cemetery in the midst of the World war I section where lie so rnany of his comradeinarms He selected his own graveaite in that section many years ago Final services will be held in Arlington amphitheater resting place of the World war I Unknown 2 p m 1 p m CST Monday The president will at tend To Capitol But before the body is borne across the Potomac to the rolling Virginia hills it will be taken to the nations capitol to receive the homage of the American people Pershing will lie in state there on Sunday and on Monday morn ing until 12 noon on a catafalque in the rotunda originally built in 1865 for the remains of President Abraham Lincoln and intended also as a final resting place for the body of George Washington The public will be permitted to pass the bier from 2 p m EST until 8 p m Sunday and from 8 a m until 11 a m Monday At that hour a formal procession will escort the body through the streets of the capital to the Ar lington amphitheater Dewey Will Establish Campaign Headquarters at Washington D C New York Thomas E Dewey will establish presidentia campaign in Washington D C probably next week The republican standard bearer announced this Wednesday nigiv after discussing campaign organi zation plans with Herbert Brown ell Jr his campaign manager Dewey was understood to have warned against any overconfi dence in republican ranks AP Wireohotr GENERAL PERSHINGS LAST PUBLIC APPEARANCE John J Pershing who died in Walter Reed hospital in Washington Thursday morning appears in uniform at the Armistice Day ceremonies in Arlington cemetery Nov 11 1942 his last public appearance Claims Reds Cannot Hinder Aircraft Without Army Use Dixie Demo Meet Called Southerners to Be in Birmingham Saturday Philadelphia Fielding Wright of Mississippi issued a call Thursday for every man and woman who believe in states rights and who opposes Harry S Truman and the things he stands for to meet in Birmingham on Saturday Some but not all of the rebel southern lapped down on the race issue Wednesday at their partys national conven off for the southern city Thursday there to name a grass roots states rights candi date for president and write a states right platform Wright said the object of the Birmingham meeting is to select a candidate for Harry S that those who believe in states rights can vote for him with confidence in November and remain within the democratic party Southern delegates suffered a resounding defeat here Wednes day when the convention rejected their states rights plank and then amended the convention platform to stamp full endorsement on Trumans civil rights program Gov Ben Laney of Arkansas who withdrew at the last minute his states rights presidential can didacy in the democratic conven tion s a i d he is undecided whether to attend the Birming ham meeting Laney in with drawing said he could not run if nominated on the platform ap proved by the convention here Berlin British airforce spokesman said Thursday the Rus sians cannot interfere with allied air traffic to western Berlin with out resorting to military action The spokesman RAF Capt H M Wright air expert of the Brit ish control commission made the statement to a news conference in commenting upon threats in the Russiancontrolled press to inter fere with the allied air corridors Berlin German newspapers said the city government is planning to declare a state of emergency per haps during the day The possibility of a state of emergency being declared came soon after the soviet refusal to relieve the siege of Berlin now in its 4th week Rail road and barge traffic to the west has been halted through the surrounding Russian zone Taegliche Rundschau the offici al soviet newspaper printed this threat to the AmericanBritish air ferry service Obviously the time has come to regulate the problem of air corridors Asks Special Session Open on July 26 Barkley Gets 2nd Post by Unanimous Vote From Delegates By JACK BELL Philadelphia r e s i d e nt Truman countered a democratic civil rights split Thursday with a dramatic call for a July 26 spe cial session of congress and a smashing attack on what he termed the poppycock of repub lican promises Mr Truman asked for action within 15 days after the lawmak ers meet on antiinflation and housing legislation An hour before he took the stage of Philadelphias Convention hall early Thursday morning to fling a challenge at the republi cans to make good on their Wilson Makes Plans Sen George A Wilson vaca tioning at Clear Lake is mak ing plans to attend the special session of congress called by President Truman for July 26 I dont feel the session is necessary but I am to attend if I get a call said the senator And I h o p e the president stays in Washington during the session and doesnt go off on one of his socalled nonpoliti cal trips EAGLES MEET Davenport 3 day state convention of the Fraternal Order of Eagles opens here Friday De vere Watson Council Bluffs grand worthy vice president will speak Saturday THEY WALKED of the Mississippi walkout delegation state banners outside Convention hall after bolting the democratic national convention Wednesday night They Balked out in protest over the partys adoption of a strong civil rights platform plank Tucker to Reopen Automobile Plant Chicago Preston Tucker announced Thursday that his companys huge automobile plant will be reopened next week Tucker closed the plant last week charging that he could not continue operations while the se curities and exchange commission was checking his financial rec ords Tucker announced the reopen ing after a meeting attended by about 2000 dealers Wednesday Tucker said the dealers were sol idly behind him and urged him to resume operations regardless of the SEC investigation INVENTOR DIES Torauay Eng UR Harry Brearley 77 discoverer of stain less steel died Wednesday Dur ing experiments on the erosion in gun barrels Brearley got too much chromium in a test piece of steel tossed it aside and noticed later it did not rust Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Cloudy and cool Thursday night with possible brief showers Thursday eve ning Friday partly cloudy and a little warmer Low Thursday night 60 to 62 High Friday 80 Iowa Showers and occasional thunderstorms Thursday night and most of Friday Low Thurs day mid 60s Minnesota Showers or thunder storms Thursday night Some what warmer east portion Fri day partly cloudy with a few showers east portion IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Thursday morning Maximum Minimum At 8 a m YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum Thursday 81 59 64 85 64 platform pledges Mr Truman had been nominated by his party on the 1st ballot The vote indicating the wide breach opened in party ranks by the bitter lastditch fight over civil rights was President Truman Senator Richard Russell of Georgia 263 Paul V McNutt J vote Not 23 The convention after a 38min ute ovation for the president gave Alben W Barkley of Ken tucky 70 year old minority leader of the senate a unanimous vote for vice president Unanimous that is except for a group of Mississippi and Alabama delegates They had walked out earlier over the racial turning their steps to Birming Other Special Calls Washington i s t o r 1 c a I footnote to President Trumans call for a special session of con gress Twq other presidents have called special meetings of congress when it was controlled by the opposition party Republican President Taft did it in 1911 to consider a re ciprocal trade agreement with Canada Democratic President Wilson did it in 1919 to get some appropriations bills passed In 1912 Taft was defeated in his bid for reelection In 1920 the democratic nominee James Cox was defeated ham Ala and a Saturday call for a states rights convention of their own But Mr Truman took the bit in his teeth in a fighting acceptance speech Recommends Action He said he will recommend that the GOPcontrolled special ses sion among other things act on civil rights legislation While embattled southern dele gations sat silent the armwaving chief executive told the delegates Everybody knows that I rec ommended to the congress a civil rights program I did so because I believe it to be my duty under the constitution Some Disagree Some of the members of my own party disagree violently on this matter but they stand up and do it openly People can tell where we stand The republicans all pro fess to be for these matters but the 80th congress failed to act They had enough men and they had cloture a rule under which senate debate can be gagged to shut off a There were enough people that would vote for cloture Some southern democrats over the conventions adoption of a stif fer civil rights plank than its own platform committee had urged said they believe the republicans will lose no time in putting a civil rights bill before the senate at the special session MADE AIR ADVISOR Moffett Field Cal H Jimmy Doolittle flying hero of 2 wars was sworn in Wednes day as a new member of the National Advisory Committee on aeronautics the governments air research arm ;