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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 15, 1946, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PA PER EDITED FOR THE HOME BEfARTUEMT OF HISTORY ANK ARCHIVES HO IKES I A THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEJGHBORS I VOL LDf Associated Press and United Pica Full Leased Wiles IFlva Cents a Copy MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JULY 15 1916 One Man s Opinion A Radio Commentary by W EARL HALL Managing Editor BEOADCAST SCHEDULE I KGLD Muoa Clly Bandar p m WO1 Aroej Wtdnfidij 6H5 p m 1 WSU1 p m WTAD Qulner m Silnrdny p m Uncle Sam Has Made Good On A Pledge American it seems to me is entitled to a little ex tra measure of pride in his coun I try as he reflects on an impres sive ceremony performed at Ma nila on July 4 of this year Appropriately enough our own independence day was chosen as the time for granting full inde pendence to the Philippine islands It vas a case of making good on a solemn pledge And by doing this our govern ment has set a new standard in the relationship Between a moth er country and protectorate an example that could be copied with profit to all concerned by other major nations The story of that historymak ing ritual conducted at the Philip pine capital earlier this month has been pretty well told Im not go ing to repeat it here Rather Im going to visit with you about the Philippine past and indulge in a little speculation about the Philippine future granting of full independ Jence to the 18000000 island ers grows out of a pledge made to them 48 years ago when Spain I was dispossessed of the Philip pines at the conclusion of the SpanishAmerican war Our pay ment under the terms of the treaty of Paris was That original pledge was stated I in somewhat general terms It I was a promise of independence I when and if the natives qualified I for it This looked like a long road because at that time less than 1 out of 10 could read and write Straightway the United States Ibegan an ambitious program of on the islands designed llo correct that situation Not only live re the islanders taught to read Imd write they were trained In the liutips and responsibilities of cit izenship irr a selfgoverhine terri tory It wasnt until 1934 in what Ivas known as the TydingsMc act that our previously reneral pledge was converted Into specific terms Then it was that the July 4 1946 date was let for complete independence a 12year interim dur ing which the islands virtually loverned themselves as the Com Inomvealth the Philippines would be a mistake of course Ifor anybody to assume that the load ahead for the newly lib Irated Filipinos will be either Itraight or smooth Their problems Iill be numerous and complex One of these problems assumes geographical form In all there Ire 7083 Islands ranging from Ijrmidable rocks to large areas Hovered with palm trees and other Iopical vegetation Eleven of the iilands could he catalogued as limporlatit Obviously then there is no Such closelyknit geographical sol Ilarity as prevailed in this coun when our 13 colonies broke Jway from the mother country are there other common bonds If interest which served United Ijtates so well in her infancy well come to this aspect of he problem later IrVE stated there are 7083 islands the Philippine archipelago finals true Of these however 1095 are inhabited and 95 Iper cent of the land is divided bmong the 11 large Lu Izon Mindanao Samar Palawan Negros Mindoro Leyte Bohol and Bashate Luzon the capital city of which I is 7000 miles southwest I of San Francisco lies at the head I of a beautiful landlocked bay I into which the American Adm IDewey sailed in 1898 to defeat I the Spanish fleet I A NOTHER problem even more I formidable than the geograph lical dispersal of the islands is I to be found in the diversified na Iture of the island population This means a variety of languages and 1 dialects and more serious a va Iriety of religions some of them I hostile to others Throughout the Philippine archipelago the people are pre dominantly of Malay extraction I Principal minority groups are the I Mohammedan Moros of Mindanao I and Suln 700000 strong and the 1 600500 members of pagan tribes I of northern Luzon and elsewhere The Tagalogs of Luzon we are told by the National Geographic form one of the most important groups in the islands Their lan j guage along with English and Spanish is official The Visayans who live in the numerous islands between Luzon and Mindanao are more numer ous however Manuel Rosas new ly elected president is a Visayan This Paper Consists of Two Ona No 233 CANADA REVEALS RED SPY WORK Barkley Indicates Final OPA Effort TRUMAN CASTS VETO SHADOW OVER NEW BILL Democratic Leader Hopes for Adjournment of Congress by July 27 Washington IP Democratic Leader Barkley Ky indicated Monday congress is making its final effort to pass OPA revival legislation by telling reporters he hopes for adjournment by July 27 Barkleys statement was made at the white house after legislative leaders held their customary Mon day morning conference with Pres ident Truman interpreted at It promptly was the capital as a sign that if Mr Truman does not sign the bill next sent him by con gress no further effort will be made to extend OPAs general authority The president indicated he would veto the senateapproved bill as it stands by commenting Sunday that it couldnt be any worse Monday Barkley said the re marks made before reporters at the airport Sunday does not con stitute everything the president said on the subject Congressional leaders hope to remove in a senatehouse confer ence committee many of the bans voted by the senate against the placing of ceilings on a number of major commodities CIO President Philip Murray contended however that congress hafl better remain in session unlil it passes effective price control legislation Otherwise he said congressmen will hear about it at the polls in November Senator Taft ROhio won an agreement from Chairman Mc KeUar DTenn of the appro priations committee that congress will reconsider subsidies if the OPA bill should be vetoed Taft told the senate a govern ment corporation money bIH which the senate sent back to the house for final action on minor changes carried vague authority for 52000000000 in subsidy pay ments The senate OPA bill Taft said limits subsidies to and provides they must end April 1 He said that might not ever be come law adding that it would be unfortunate to approve the 52000000000 subsidy authority for the RFC and the commodity credit corporation if OPA should be vetoed When Taft said a rent control act will be offered if OPA is not revived McKellar agreed the sub sidy question could be considered Judge Rules 30 Day Notice in Evictions A 30 day notice is required to evict a tenant whose rent is not in default even though the tenant may refuse to pay increased rent it was ruled in Mason City justice the peace court Monday Justice Verne A Mettler who handed down the decision quoted as his authority section 10159 of the code of Iowa which states Thirty days notice in writing must be given by either party before he can terminate such a tenancy but when in any case a resent is reserved payable at intervals of less than 30 days the length of notice shall not be greater than such interval The decision was in the case of Jack Q Larson against Vernon Ellefson 1413 Jefferson N W who had refused to pay an increase in rent from to a month when he offered his rent to Lar son July 2 according to Justice Mettler The justice emphasized that Ellefson had offered to pay the established rent of a month on July 2 so that he was not in default If Ellefson had failed to pay or offer his rent the decision would have been otherwise Jus tice Mettler stated The decision was in connection with a 3day eviction notice served by Larson against Ellefson a former serviceman the start of American rule on the islands the prob lem of disseminating education has been the No 1 challenge and CONTINUED ON PAGE Z1 at that time Barring a lastminute change in plans the first test will take place on the house floor Tuesday The each side con fident whether any controls at all shall be clamped back on a dozen or more items in legislation to breathe new life into OPA until next June 30 The senate by topheavy ma jorities ordered these things kept free of any future price ceilings Meat poultry eggs milk but ter cheese and all other livestock and dairy products cottonseed soybeans and their products grain and feedstuffs tobacco products and gasoline and other petroleum products so long as oil supplies do not drop below domestic de mand TRUMAN SIGNS BRITISH LOAN Washington Tru man Monday signed the 750 000000 British loan agreement terming if a major step to carry out a program for reviving and expanding international trade The loan Mr Truman said in a statement serves the immediate as well as lonsrtime interests of the United States by helping to restore world trade Mr Truman signed the measure at a ceremony attended by a large group of notables including Txird Inverchapel the British ambassa dor Secretary of State Byrnes Chief Justice Vinson Treasury Secretary Snyder and members of both political parties from Capitol Hill ENDS NAVY CAREER R Ohden of Riceville received his discharge from the naval service July 10 at the naval separation center at Great Lakes 111 Rehearsal of 2nd Bikini BombPlanned Aboard U S S Mt McKinley trigger that will set off the second atom bomb blast at Bi kini will be tried out next Fri day by exploding a simulated missle during the fullscale re hearsal of the second underwater test A flash bomb loaded with pow der fo be exploded by a remote control radio impulse will be mounted on a floating drydock anchored at the target center The atom bomb itself will be slunr be neath a craft especially modified for the purpose for the real test Vice Adm William H P Blandy atom test commander said Monday that no delays were foreseen for the test itself sched uled for July 25 Bikini time July 24 U S Atomic Ijomb violence at Bi kini in the first test was consid erably greater than at first pic tured it was intimated Monday at Kwajalein by an officer who reported that animals which with stood the concussion the blast now are dying like flies The officer who visited the highly secret animal ship Burle son said the animals may appear healthy and have a normal blood count one day and just drop off the next day Amazing pig 311 fished from the waters of the lagoon after the blast is still alive an officer re ported He said howeverj he un derstood the pig was beginning to show signs of radiation damage and was being given penicillin and other treatments CHETNIK CHIEF SENTENCED Bewhiskered Gen Draja Mihailovic was convicted Monday of wartime col laboration with the Germans and sentenced to die before a firing squad He is shown here sitting before a microphone in the Yugoslavia courtroom Yugoslav Court Sentences Mihailovic to Firing Squad Mihailovic former Chetnik leader military court were sentenced The bushybearded defendant the first underground leader to for attention durinfr the war was given permission to appeal 1 Unconfirmed reports said the executions would be private pro the sentences were upheld and that the penalties would be Weather Report FORECAST Iowa Considerable cloudiness Monday night and Tuesday with scattered showers in west por tion Monday night and north and west portions Tuesday Warmer Tuesday Mason City Considerable cloudi ness Monday night and Tuesday Scattered showers and warmer Tuesday Minnesota Partly cloudy Monday night and Tuesday Scattered showers late Tuesday afternoon or night Warmer Tuesday and in west Monday night IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 73 Minimum si At 8 a m Monday 61 Precipitation 06 inch YEAR AGO Maximum 7g Minimum 52 GlobeGazette weather statis tics for 24 hour period ending at Iowa Hotel Blaze Routs 25 Persons Fort Dodge 25 pa trons on the upper 2 floors of the Wahkonsa hotel left their rooms early Monday when one room on the 5th and top floor of the fire proof structure was burned out L L Drennan Burlington Iowa occupant of the room was treated at a hospital for burned hair and later ivas released No one else was injured The damage was limited to the one room and firemen quickly brought the blaze under control Fireman and police said the hotel guests left quietly and or derly arid there was a minimum of confusion Assistant Fire Chief Harry Brown said the blaze occurred about a m when Drennan accidentally upset an alcohol lamp with which he was preparing a hypodermic needle for an insulin injection The room was badly damaged Night Clerk Walter Burrell car ried out one woman who was suf fering from fright One man perhaps recalling the disastrous Hotel Canfield fire at Dubuque June 9 in which 13 per sons lost their lives threw a rope of bedsheets from a window but he made no ellort to descend by it House Approves Centennial Coin Washington house Monday approved a resolution to authorize the coinage of 50 cent pieces in commemoration of the 100th anniversary of Iowas entry into the union 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum Minimum At 8 a m Sunday Precipitation YEAR AGO Maximum Minimum 92 68 70 Trace 78 53 Silver Price Measure Goes Into Conference Washington UR The house Monday sent to conference with the senate a senateapproved bill to boost silver prices from 7111 to 903 cents an ounce It acted after Rep Frank B Keefe R Wis withdrew an ear lier objection to a request by Chairman Brent Spence D Ky of the house banking committee to send the measure to conference The house has been insisting on a 7111 cents price and the senate on the higher figure Dont burn your waste paper It Is still badly needed Save it for the Boy Scouts exacted swiftly Mihailovic became minister of war to former King Peters exiled government in London American and British officers served at his mountain headquarters as liaison officers during the last years of the war Prison sentences ranging down ward to 18 months were imposed on the remaining defendants It was not immediately an nounced how soon the death sen tences would be carried out Two those sentenced to die were tried and convicted in Absentia The verdict against the Serbian born Chetnik leader and his fel low defendants climaxed a trial which began June 10 Mihailovic maintained stoutly throughout the proceedings that he was innocent collaboration with the nazis and that he had fought to drive them from the country The verdict was announced shortly after 8 a m 1 a m CST by the president of the military court which had concluded hear ing of testimony last week Sentencing was delayed for sev eral hours however under Yugo slav court procedure which re quired a full explanation of why the defendants were found guilty BYRNES TO GIVE REPORT ON BIG 4 Will Talk to Nation on Radio Monday Night Washington of State James F Byrnes back from his 3rd attempt to write peace treaties for Italy and Germanys satellites reported partial success to President Truman Monday aft er nearly a year of big 4 bickering He will give the nation a de tailed radio report of the big 4 foreign ministers achievements Monday night White House Press Secretary Charles G Ross said Mr Truman regarded Byrnes address Monday night as a very important speech Byrnes will speak from 8 to p m CST His address will be broadcast by the American Broadcasting company the Mutual network and the Columbia broad casting system Byrnes calls H some progress on the difficult road to a contrast to the total failure atid stalemate of the previous 2 at tempts by the bis 4 foreign min islers to draft peace treaties The other 2 meetings ended in acri monious accusations Freeman Tells of Mays Help in Business Washington Free man a munitions manufacturers Washington agent whose salary skyrocketed from to n 4 years testified Monday that je asked Rep May DKy for business help 6 or 8 times But Freeman told the senate ivar investigating committee searching into the wartime opera ions of an Illinois munitions com bine hat he didnt know whether May had ever visited his office That response came pfter Chair nan Mead DN Y cautioned lim to think hard and long and remember that you are under oath The committee has received estimony that May chairman of he house military committee in lerceded with the war department to give contracts to the munitions combine May has declared his ac tivities were solely in the interest the war effort and that he did not profit Under questioning Freeman es lified that sometimes he had to wait as much as a week in order to get Mays help on problems in volving the Erie basin and Bata via Metal Products companies 2 of the concerns in the combine Before Freeman was called to the stand Mead announced that the committee is examining the law as to bringing congressman May before the committee by le gal process Survey Finds Prices Going Up in Iowa DCS Moines of hamburger rising from 27 to 54 cents a pound oranges from 49 to 75 cents a dozen and TBone steak dinners from to were made in a survey made of price trends in Iowa by the Des Moines office the OPA Local price control boards and employers made reports to the Des Moines headquarters on prices in 70 Iowa cities and towns Though many of the reports in dicated a substantial number merchants either were holding the line or increasing prices only where wholesale raises made it necessary there still were a number of reports of spectacu lar price boosts Commenting on the survey Mrs L V Holler Ames member of theOPA consumers advisory com mittee and a national and state board member of the League Women Voters asserted that al together too many of the price rises were on costofliving items and are wholly unwarranted The OPA reports on various cities included these items A Carroll grocery siorc boosted a 2pound hrick of American cheese from 75 cents to Slll but ter was raised from G6 to 81 cents at one Cedar Rapids dairy a packing company retail market at Dubuque raised beef tenderloin from 47 to 63 cents a Council Bluffs grocery sold grade AA shoulder steak for 69 cents that formerly sold for 28 cents A used 1940 Buick with a for mer ceiling of was advertised for in Sioux City a Clinton lunchroom boosted the price of a half pint of milk from 5 to 10 cents butter was increased from 64 to 82 cents at Atlantic flour went up from to at Creston store WILLIAM IIE1RENS Deal With Slate tractive Claim Heirens Seeking Deal With Officials By ItOBERT T LOUGHRAN United Press Staff Correspondent Chicago William Heirens 17 year old student is trying to make a deal with the state to con fess to the Suzanne Degnan kid napmurder and 2 other murders in exchange for a life sentence instead the electric chair the United Press learned Monday from absolutely reliable sources The admissions have been made orally it was learned These sources said they have not yet been put into writing Heirens it was learned has be come dismayed at the amount of evidence piling up against him in the Degnan killing and in the lipstick murder of exwave Frances Brown knifed and shot pn Dec 10 1945 and in the slay ing Mrs Josephine Ross 43 at brunet killed June 5 The sullen blackhaired youth is willing to offer full confessions m the 3 siayings and in the mul tiple burglaries charged against him in an effort to get life and cheat the electric chair The youth a University of Chi cago student first was connected with the Dcsnan killingthrough his fingerprints found on the ransom note a printed irregular Piece of paper Jcft in the bed room from which Suzanne was taken fast Jan 7 Then fingerprints were discov ered linking him with the Brown killing v When he was confronted with the latter evidence reliable sources said he muttered Thats mine And the Ross one is too Some progress toward the ex change of a confession and a plea guilty to the slayings and the burglaries was understood re liably to have been made in con ferences Sunday between slates defense attorneys Reliable sources pointed out that nearly a generation ago the late Clarence Darrow obtained a life sentence for Nathan Leopold and Richard Loeb by pleading them EuiHy to the mufitation murder W young Bohby Franks They pointed out that trials of Heirens for the 3 slayings and for the numerous burglaries and rob beries charged against him would be long and cxpensixe Also involved in any possible imposition of penalties for his crimes in his youth He is 17 It is conceivable and probable that psychiatrists could offer doubts as to the youths sanity although doctors who have examined him to date declare he is sane CLAIMS SOVIET OPERATORS GOT SECRETS IN US Canadian Probers Find Russian Espionage Ring in States and Britain Ottawa If Soviet espionage operations in Canada sought and obtained top secret political infor mation relating to policies of the United States and British govern ments as well as the Canadian the special royal commission investi gating Moscowdirected spy ac tivities reported Monday The commission reported also that the Russian government seems to have operated not one but several parallel under cover systems in Canada and might still be doing so The commission repeated earlier charges that the soviet network had spread into the United Slates and Great Britain and added that it also operated on the continent of Europe In a final report of 4 months work running to 692 pages the commission added several sensa tional charges to its earlier dis closures which already have sent ome Canadian government em ployes and a member of parlia ment to prison for conspiracy and violations of the official secrets act The 250000 word document presented in the house of com mons by Prime minister W L Mackenzie King added 9 new names to the 14 previously named but said that without further doc uments we cannot identify any nonRussian members of rings other than that around which the 5 months probe has revolved That was the military intelli gence system directed by Col Ni colai Zabotin former military at tache recalled to Moscow some time ago for inadmissible activi ties In swift sequence supreme court justices Robert Taschcreau and R L Kellock reported 1 There was an organization whose duty it was to procure false Canadian passports and other citi zenship documents for the use of agents in Canada or elsewhere 2 Zabotin and his assistants were helping to supervise and fi nance the work of an organization of agents operating in certain European countries 3 There can be little doubt that the NKVD the secret Russian political police have a powerful organization in Canada Several parallel undercover systems networks existed un der direction of members of the soviet embassy and they had and may still have their own under cover agents operating in Canada 5 They included another mil itary network parallel to that Zabotin and like his directed by red army intelligence headquar ters 6 There was some evidence that a naxal system of intelligence was being organized 7 A secret political system was under a Russian named Gous sarov who held the official posi tion of 2nd secretary at the em bassy Its task was to act as the pilot for communist activities Venice Italy is 150 miles far the north than Vladivostok Si beria FARM INDUSTRY STRIKE IS URGED Chicago industrywide strike of farm machinery plant workers is advocated by the inter national executive board the1 United Farm Equipment and Met al Workers CIO if AllisChalm ers and J I Case strikes are not settled by July 31 The board at a meeting Sunday decided to put a proposal regard ing an industrywide strike be fore the unions national conven tion opening July 31 if the gov ernment and management have not by that time taken effective action leading to termination of the strike Notice of the boards decision was sent to President Truman Secretary of Labor Schwellenbach and other officials in Washington The strikebound factories in clude Case plants at Rockford 111 Racine Wis and AllisChalmers plants at Springfield 111 La Crosse Wis LaPorte Ind Pitts burgh Norwood Ohio Boston and West Allis Wis Mason City Firm Cited for Safety Washington of the sentinels safety trophies highest decoration for mine safety 6 mines and quarries was an nounced by the bureau mines Saturday In addition the bureau an nounced award certificates of honorable mention to 74 mines and quarries for working 30000 or more manhours without an acci dent or for ranking in the next 4 places after the winner in each classification They included Lehigh Portland Cement Co Mason City Howard Hughes Still in Critical Condition Los Ansclcs temper ature and pulse still above nor mal Howard Hughes remained in a critical condition Monday in Good Samaritan hospital where the famous plane builder was taken a week ago Sunday after crashing his experimental photo graphic plane Sunday night Dr Verne Mason said he was optimistic over Hughes chance for complete re covery Reds Promise to Release American Pair Berlin Gen Frank A Keating U S commander in Ber lin said Monday he had received a definite promise from Russian Gen Alexander Kotikov that an American warrant officer and his wife missing since they entered the soviet zone July 1 would be released within a few hours Keating said he would take very definite action if the miss ing couple Warrant Officer Sam uel L Harrison and his wife Helen of San Antonio Tex were not released Keating added that he personally would receive the Harrisons at soviet headquarters Our information is that they will definitely be released Mon day night he said The general said he would take only a Russianspeaking interpre ter with him to the soviet head quarters A highranking U S army of ficer who declined to be quoted by name said Sunday that some thing is likely to happen the Russians failed by Monday to carry out a previous promise to release the Harrisons This offi cer said that we arc getting mad about retention of the 2 reported seized when they entered the soviet zone without the required travel orders to visit a pet shop Approximately 2500000 tons of steel were used in the production of tin cans in 1945 ;