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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 15, 1944, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME QCFARTUCNT Of HI STORY AND DCS MOINCS COUP THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA SATURDAY JULY 15 1944 m CITY IOWA MTOKIHM REPORT RED DRIVE IN SOUTH POLAND I MENTION MANY FOR 2ND PLACE IN DEMO TICKET Report Hannegan Has F R Letter Voicing Wallace Preference Chicago presidentia candidacies popped up like light nine rods over Chicagos loop Sat urday as anxious democrats awaited word from Nationa Chairman Robert E Hannegan o the white house attitude toward theirtickets 2nd place entry Hannegan reputedly had in h possession a letter from Fresiden Roosevelt to the partx convention which will begin the business nex week of nominating him for 4th term expressing prefereuc for the renomination of Vice President Henry Agard Wallace but leaving the final decision to the delegates This message was reported to have been prepared after Wallace himself had written and the pres ident had rejected a suggested draft that was much more definite in its indorsement of the vice presidents ambition to remain in office With many delegates contend ing that Wallace cannot win on his own steam the list of those who hastened to make themselves available for any lightning that might strike lengthened hourly Among the latest whose names came to the front were 4 senators Alfred Happy Chandler of Ken tucky Claude Pepper of Florida Joseph OMahoney of Wyoming and Elbert Thomas of Utah These along with Gov Robert S Kerr of Oklahoma Senator Al beu W Barkley of Kentucky Su preme Court Justice William O Douglas War Mobilization Direc tor James S Byrnes Sen Scott Lucas of Illinois and BepMary T Norton ofNew Jersey were listed in preconvention lobby gossip as in a receptive frame of mind tike Gov John W Bricker of Ohio who ran for first and got 2nd place on the republican ticket Broughton was about the only openly avowed candidate for vice president Even Wallace has not said publicly that his hat is quarter a quiet WHERE AMERICANS locate Amer ican drives including an advance to Beauvais in the push toward Lessay and St Lo Heavy black line is approximate battle front ff ft Americans Battle to Suburbs of Lessay Are Mile From St Lo Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force U S troops smashed to the outskirts of Lessay soon after noon Saturday battling in the suburbs of that western German anchor in Normandy and at the opposite end of theiv flaming front edged to within lit tle more than a mile of the key road junction of St Lo The Germans fought back sav agely against steady American JAPS HINT B29 MEN CAPTURED AND EXECUTED Declare Any American Flyers Who Bail Out to Get Death Sentence New York Japanese broadcast recorded by the Fed eral Communications Commission hinted Saturday that several United Slates airmen captured by the Japanese apparently follow ing the first B2S Superfortress raid on the steel town of Yawata June 15 had been executed Beamed from Singapore to American forces in the southwes Pacific the broadcast said the air men had bailed out to meet with the same fate which was metei out to raiders of Tokyo some years ago Any allied airman who fall or bails out over Japan will b executed the speaker declare angrily This is the order ol th day Monitors said the reception wa so poor that only few excerpts from the talk were intelligible More than 4 hours after this prop aganda transmission FCC listen ing stations had recorded no similar Japanese statement from any other source The office of war information NAZIS DECLARE LARGE SCALE MOVE STARTED Plan StreetbyStreet Battles for Bialyslok Grodno BrestLitovsk ondon UR German broad casts said Saturday that the Rus sians have launched their ex pected largescale attack on the approaches to Lwow one of the biggest communications hubs in Europe and a key stronghold on the southeastern invasion route to Berlin The German high command communique said the Russians over to the expected at tack on the southern front Fri day between Tarnopol and Luck 60 miles east southeast and 88 Yank Troops But 3 Miles From Livorno Rome American troops have driven to within Wmiles of the seasport of Livorno Leg in the wake of suddenly melting German resistance and have captured the town of Chian ni 13 miles inland from the west coast it was announced Saturday The most significant gains ii the past 2 weeks of heavy fight ing putting thc 5th army withii artillery ranee of Livorno and 9 miles from the Arno river were made Friday with the battered Germans falling back at most points The French who celebrated Bastille day by seizing Poggibonsi in a combined flanking move and direct assault pursued the enemy northward An allied spokesman said the leading elements of the American forces onthe west coast were within6i miles of the edge of Liv orno late Friday Frontline re miles northeast Of one of ports declared by Friday mght WKgcsi communications hubs however that the doughboys had n Europc and hey stronghold on punched to within miles ot thc southcaslern invasion route the outskirts at one point and to tn Berlin LINDBERGH MEETS LT GEN A Lindbergh whois associated with the Ford Motor com pany meets Lt Gen George Kenney commander of the fir oast air forces on his visit to the southwest Pacific American column passed Ghizza J j i J rtf T Sirrtfitjs In a broad forward sweep one I They were repulsed in ferce American column passed GhizzaUShlmg and numerous tanks no 23 miles due east of Livorno were knocked out i monition Single breacnes Other German broadcasts ac all the important munique said heights covering the approach lo were seated off Jap Defenses Guarding Crumbing Under Pounding in the ring In another move was reported under way to bring the name of Senator Harry F Byrd of Virginia consistent critic of the administration be fore the convention as presidential candidate Byrd has expressed opposition to any such move and also has declared he is not a candidate foi the presidential nomination de pressure against both these end bastions oftheir road line strung across western Normandy Other doughboys fought 2 miles from Periers central strongholdon the LessaySt Lo road alter striking ahead 4 miles arid straighfening their lines in that sector Street fighting swirled Satur day afternoon in Lessays suburbs and thc enemy defending St Lo turned loose big field euns in thc Heaviest artillery duel of the 5 day old drive for that town A front dispatch declared the Amer icans were within 2000 yards o St Los outskirts British troops at the eastern end of the front recaptured Hill scene of bloody seesaw fighting in the last of Esquaj and again struck into Maltot miles southwest of Caen bu there were no largescale engage ments in that sector suprem spite the delegates backing of 4 Florida With the pack apparently in full cry at his heels Wallace was not without his supporters Pep per whose Florida colleagues are prepared to plump for him if the opportunity arises said he would vote for Wallace In Washington Senator Joseph Gulfey who will headquarters said The worst flying weather sine invasion day limited the powerfi allied air arm to less than sorties up until Saturday aftel noon The Germans have poured 2 to 25 divisions into Normandy was disclosed with 11 or 12 them facing the Americans Ger man army strength in the now is estimated at 60 to 65 div sions Supreme headquarters said the BLAST PLOESTl OIL REFINERIES xSmoke Swirls 20000 Feet High After Raid Rome Great clouds of moke swirled up to 20000 feet jaturday after nearly 750 Amcri an heavy bombers blasted a oil efineries and a pumping station t Ploesti Homania The columns of smoke were isible for more than 100 miles Escorting Mustangs encountered i number of enemy fighters In the battles Capt Robert R Jurtis New York City shot down a Messerschmitt running his vic ory string to 14 and taking 3rd lace among American pilots in he Mediterranean area He passed Vlaj Samuel J Brown Tulsa Okla whose total is A pilot is credited with a half plane when his report of a kill has not been observed by another pilot originally issued a story based on the FCC recording quoting the Singapore spokesman as saying that the captives had been exe cuted This lead saying was thc followed by a broadcast sug have influence with PennsylAmericans were all around Les vanias 72 vote delegation reit1 say from the north west and east crated his intention to back the gradually squeezing the Germans out Three towns Cell in the 4mile present vice president The prospective battle over the vice presidency scheduled to 1 southward drive from the marshes reach the balloting stage next Friof Plessis toward Periers closing day overshadowed preliminary in the American line menacing work on the platform A subcomthat middle stronghold in the mittee arranged to meet Saturlargest singleday advance since day amid predictions that the Cherbourgs capture Sixteen party declarations would stand towns and villages on thc Ameri largely on the Roosevelt record can front have been seized in the and would point loreefally to inlast 24 hours ternational peace cooperation The Germans fought desperately While the recommended plat1 to hold their line on the lateral form might conceivably duck the road running from Lessay 21 racial question the convention itmiles southeastward through sell faced the necessity of dealing Periers to St Lo A front dispatch with its result in seating one of said the enemy poured the tough 2 contesting delegations each from est artillery fire yet encountered Texas and South Carolina It also against one U S column neanng had to smooth over if it can a the PontHebert road north of St Mississippi situation where clecU after a 600yard advance In tors would be freed from voting fantrymen fought yard by yard for the party nominee if certain for the big road hub of St Lo conditions are not met and were closing in from positions The general opinion was that at La Barre de Semilly 2 miles Texas would serve as a test to the cast case with the regular delegaBritish troops have captured tion being seated It was chosen more than 7008 Germans and by a convention which voted to killed or wounded permit the electors it selected to many to 3WWO bolt if the party platform deDday a Britishstaff officer at clared for racial equality and if Jonl declaed as a lull per other stipulations were not on the BritishCanadian Woman Tells Why She Can t Bring In Old Tires for Inspection Oklahoma City woman applied for 2 new passenger car tires but would not bring her old ones for inspection Asked why she told Don Har din district tire examiner that theyre around my nasturtium gested that they might have been executed or at least were being held for execution It was not brought out specif ically that the American airmen were B29 crew members leaving open the possibility that the Sing apore spokesman was re fenins to the slaying of flyers captured at other times for the destruction wrought by their mates The spokesman who was not identified threatened that Amer ican aviators attempting what lie termed abortive raids would be purchasing a oneway ticket to hell U S army communiques re ported the loss of 4 B29s on thc first of northern Kyushu raids on June 15 One was shot down over the target 2 crashed and burned after the attack and 1 was listed as missing None was lost in the 2nd attack on July 7 Neither FCC monitors nor other listening posts have recorded any thing directly from Tolcyo to com pare with the Singapore broad cast This was the first Japanese mention of any prisoners having U S Pacific Fleet Headquarters Pearl Harbor defenses guarding Guams Port Apra one of the finest harbors in he Pacific are crumbling under the continuous hammering ot an American carrier task treed by conquest of Saipan to strike with rising power Friday night Adm Chester W Nimiti disclosed in a press re lease that carrier plane attacks on the former U S outpost of Guam have been unbroken through 10 straight days These bomb and rocket blows have been augmented by warship She did not get the new cas ngs 17 E BONDS Des Moincs E bond sales Friday reached 357300000 or 77 per cent of Iowas E bond quota he state war finance committee announced been captured in the Kyushu at tacks Previous Japanese accounts have told of a military funera for airmen killed in the crash o one of the B29s and have stated that parts of this rjomoer were placed on exhibition Ten of the 80 Americans who took part in the raid on Tokyo on April 18 1942 were captured by the Japanese and 8 of them exc cuted President Roosevelt on April 2 last year announced in a forma statement that thc Japanese gov ernmcnt had carried out a bar barous execution of some of th flyers who were captured in th Tokyo raid by the Doolittle fly Thursdays attacks covered in the press release destroyed am munition dumps storage facilities gun positions and buildings both on Guam and nearby Hota All planes returned safely So completely arc Vice Admr Marc A Mitschers forces masters of the sen and air that the press re lease said a destroyer moved close to Guam and sank an enemy coastal transport July 10 A check of communiques re porting the Guam attacks shows that targets prominently men tioned are clustered about Port pra on the west coast This ex ellent anchorage served in peace me as a port of call for naval essels and panAmerican trans acific clippers Fill a town at the north end ot he harbor has been blasted sev ral times Another target has ecn Afrat just below the penin ula forming the southern bound ry of the port Agana northeast f Piti also has been pounded One communique listed a fiery HIGH OFFICIALS DIE IN CRASH Army Wane Explodes inTennessee Storm Americans also captured Pecci i T In the coastal sector LV Gen Mark Clarks forces moved up 3 to 5 miles Advance elements on Pisa nd a o attacked west of ard Lwow and achieved local breach which sub was wiped out von was by I north of GasUglipncello and still going strong Chattanooga Tenn In an apparent effort to protect Gen Paul W Newgarden com the withdrawal of other divisions filled sector to the east In this instance the altitude of I The whole allied bag of prison administration leaders seemed to ers was above o4000 foi an lot nature take its course American announcement June 11 that President RoosevSUul 819 enemy troops had been would carry Texas and other taken by U S forces southern states and that the elec tors would not then vote for an other Z NAZIS ESCAPE Des Molnes office of the federal bureau of investigation here announced Friday night that 2 German prisoners of war had escaped from the Pow camp at Scottsbluff Nebr sometime be tween 6 p m Thursday and 6 a m Friday IOWAN AMONG VICTIMS Rangeley Me searching party Friday found the entire 10 man crew dead at the wreckage of a B17 bomber which crashed be tween Deer Mountain and Big Buck mountain near the Rangeley lakes The plane crashed during a storm Tuesday The army Thurs day announced the names of the crew including Staff Sgt Wayne D McGavran Seymour Iowa weep along the entire west shore Guams who vrested the outpost from a gallant garrison of soldiers and marines Dec 13 are ighting without cither naval or air support There has been no mention ot Nipponese air action there since a communique reported 9 planes were shot down July 7 while try ing to flee to Yap in the western Carolines Airdromes on Yap and Wolcai e in the best position to help they have their own troubles Saturday as he has al most daily Gen Douglas MacAr thur announced at southwest Pa cific headquarters that his bomb ers have made new craters in the wellpitted runways of Yap and Woleai The much larger and potential ly more menacing Carolines stronghold of Truk bypassed in the invasion of Saipan also is be ing steadily neutralized Nimitz listed a Thursday strike there by army Liberators vhich shot down probably shot own or damaged more than three ourths ol the from 16 to 19 ene my fighters opposing them mander of the 10th armored di vision 2 colonels and at least 2 other persons were killed near here Friday night in an army plane which crashed and ex iloded in a heavy storm Capt Lester M Nichols public officer for the 10th armored division at Camp Gor don Ga announced the fatalities He said Gen Newgarden Col lenn Lawrence commanding a combat unit and the others had been cnroute from Fort Knox Ky to Augusta Ga where a troop review was planned at Camp Gordon Saturday to cele brate the 2nd anniversary of Gen Newgardens command Col Howard Clark Fort Ogle thorpe public relations officer said thc crash occurred at the height of a wind and electrical storm and added that the impact and subsequent explosion caused the plane to disintegrate Portions which suffered heavy losses in re cent fighting the nazi command sent the 3rd panzer grenadier di vision back into the line on thc 5lh army front aftei a weeks rest Prisoners taken by tiie th army since it started its offensive May 11 now exceeded 32000 while thc 8th army reported prisoners were pouring into its cages at an aver age rate of 160 daily since the of fensive began This would add a total of more than 10000 The possibility was seen that the Germans plan to fall back on the Arno river Recent aerial re connaissance showed the enemy digging gun emplacements along the Arno between Florence and Pisa and evidently the Germans intend to make it the outer edge of the deep Gothic line fortifica tions extending back into the Ap ennine range of uniforms and insignia were p found he said denoting thej KUSSianS Miles From Berlin By UNITED PRESS major general colonels a staff sergeant and a flight officer Gen Newgarden 54 was a vet eran of 35 years service He was a West Point graduate a gradu The shortest distances to Berlin ate of the army war college and from the advanced allied battle previously served from 193G to lines Saturday 1940 as assistant chief of staff G3 in the Gth corps area then at Chicago He became a brig adier general in 1941 and ad vanced to major general June 221 Col Lawrence veteran ofa year overseas duty in World War Jensen EIectric company of Coim I became a full colonel m July u Blulfs was kiUed neal hcre Friday He came in contact with a an hourslong artillery barrage apd swarms of Stormovk assault planes provided an aerial umbrel la for thc soviet troops as they went over the top von Hammer said Ding dong fighting raged throughout Fridayhe atldcd German claims that breaches in their lines had been sealed off were reminiscent of their similar reports at the start of the White Russian offensive north which since has carried 26o miles to the west in 22 days Even as German overseas broad casts were telling Hie world of the new offensive Karl Heinz Sicg bold was warn nig his countrymen in domestic broadcasts that thc great storm had arrived with the enemy pushing on against us with all his might For him he said it is n question of do or Vie now to end this war He wants to suggest to us that wearc on our last legs It is true that we have our anx ieties and there arc a good many things which we wish could be different from what tney happen to be at the moment by force of circumstances BJt we still are far away from throwing away the trumps we are holding in our hands or even from showing the hand prema miles no miles no miles no IOWAN ELECTROCUTED Crescent Whiteficld as Chattanooga Tenn His was visiting friends in Columbus The plane narrowly AMER1CANS KILLED BY MORTAR mor tar shells killed these American soldiers and demolished their vehicle somewhere in the Norman country of France One allied soldier observes the scene Weather Report FORECAST Fair Saturday night Sun day and MondayCoolur Satur day night innesota Fair Saturday night and Sunday cooler south and cast portions Saturday night Little change in temperature Sunday IN MASON CITY Mason City Fair Saturday night night and Sunday Cooler Sun day GlobeGazette weather statistics Maximum Friday 87 Minimum Friday night 61 At 8 a m Saturday 67 Rain IB inch YEAR AGO Maximum 83 Minimum 55 e pane nar dormitory of the Bonny Oaks oaugh s farm school a county institution was torn into small pieces when it sheared through an orchard Chicago Stadium Gets Some New Touches for Democratic Convention Chicago Chicago staI lium the scene of the republican I national convention last month j s getting a few bright touches for he democratic notional conclave I opening next Wednesday Fiftysix huge illuminated V lor victory signs pictures of the I 14 democratic presidents and 2 live donkeys are the principal changes in the stadium scene for the democrats The donkeys will be allowed to graze outside the stadium until convention time Meanwhile J G Grouzard concessionaire manager expressed hope that he has not overestimat ed the eating habits of the demo crats He had 50000 hot dogs pre pared for the republicans but there were 20000 unsold He will have a similar number of the sandwiches ready for the demo crats as well as 125000 soft drink items and 96000 bottles of beer trieal system on Floyd Ocham Nazis Putting Up Street Barricades IHoscow German army facing the prospect of im minent fighting on its own soil in East Prussia was preparing for a streetbystreet and buildingby building defense against thc Rus sians in at least 3 to 5 key cities on the long eastern battle line front dispatches said Saturday Thc Germans were throwing up street barricades and defenses in WHERE RUSSIANS CONTINUE RAPID Arrows locate red army advances in a thrust nearing East Prussia The Russians also captured formerly encircled Wilno A and Pinsk Shaded area is Germanheld ;