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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 14, 1947, Mason City, Iowa AN NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME THE NEWSPAPER THAT MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS HOME EDITION iiiiiir VOL un fnm KM Uolud Pim Full Lund Wlm MASON CITY IOWA MONDAY JULY 14 1947 No 235 One Mans Opinion A Radio Commentary By W EARL HALL Managing Editor BROADCAST SCHEDULE KGLO Mnoo Ctlr nndlj p a WIAD Jnlncy UL FrUy 1 p m I WOl Amu Tneidar II a m IWSUI Inn City Thgnfej Reporter Looks at Our Sprawling Land ON foi a sort of piecemeal basis for the past couple of weeks or so Ive been reading John Gunthers latest enormous tome Inside U S A In sire with its 979 pages of tightly packed type it rivals Gone With the Wind And I must admit it held my interest almost as well as that remarkable Margaret Mitchell story Just why should be nsinjr this book as the subject of a commen tary I really cant say For one thine quite sure that it has already been read by most of my at least many ot them This must be my assump tion Therefore in a very special way this commentary will have the nature of an informal visit Ill just be talking over with you a subject that is as well under stood by you as by me GUNTHER the author is of course a reporter first of all In this latest book he exhibits the same genius for accumulating and compressing facts that marked his previous works Inside Asia Inside Europe and Inside Latin America Thats what hes done in this Inside C S A book In his preparation he visited each one of the 48 states mostly on a hit SENATE PASSES TAX REDUCTION and run people in basis met with each state took key vol uminous notes and then sat down and wrote his 979 page report In his first 2 books Inside Asia and Inside Europe he drew more upon his extended ex perience as a foreign correspond ent for the Chicago Daily News than upon hurried visitation As a result I think those volumes were a bit freer from factual error Jhan either this latest book or its predecessor Inside America A POINT of very great personal interestj to me was that Mr Gunther was assembling his ma terial for Inside Latin America at almost exactly the same time I was visiting South America on a factfinding mission for the Carnegie Endowment As a matter of fact it was the appearance of his book on the Latin American subject that pre cluded acceptance by a large pub lishing house of the material I myself had prepared for a book The reasoning was that the Gun ther work had sated the countrys interest in this area for the time being After all the name Gunther was established A guy named Hall wouldnt have proved a very formidable him competitor against AMONG students of Latin American relationships in cluding most of my associates in the Carnegie group Gun ther book didnt find favor The point was frequently made that he had jumped at many of his conclusions on a basis of too lim ited evidence Interestingly enough however the conclusions reached by him in bis book were almost precisely the same as those I had reached included in my own reports on the South American mission The explanation could well be of course that both of us were essentially reporters given to re porting what we see and hear as distinguished from digging down below the surface of things for substance that doesnt meet the eye But this visit was to be about Inside IT S Inside Latin America tlTHILE this latest book is essen tially a catalog of the physi cal characteristics of the states of the American union it doesnt end here The author seeks to do quite a bit of probing beneath the surface and interpreting Two of the questions asked by him everywhere he went were Who runs this state and What makes your state distinc tive And the shortcoming of such an approach is that so much de pends on the people to whom these questions were put By the nature of things in so vast and hurried an assignment there could be no full assurance that his contacts were authoritative example well take the chapter covering politics in California Incidentally Gunther starts his book with California By his own admission he was the guest of Robert W Kenny the man beaten by Earl Warren for gubernatorial nomination last year They even traveled into the neighboring state of Arizona to gether They became buddies This fact is important in weigh ing Gunthers description of War 21 DIE IN SWAMP AFTERCRASHOF CHARTER PLANE 15 Hurt as Engines of Surplus DC3 Quit 8 Miles From Port Melbourne aer onautics authority investigators probed the tangled undergrowth of a thick coastal swamp here Monday in an effort to learn why a war surplus DC3 airliner crashed killing 21 persons and in juring the other 15 passengers aboard on a chartered flight from New York to Puerto Rico Hospital attendants said only 2 of the injured were in critical con dition The body of one of the dead still remained unidentified The plane with its 2 crewmen and 34 passengers aboard left Newark N J Saturday night and was to have landed at Miami for refueling before making the over water hop to San Juan Sunday The crash occurred just 8 miles short of a navy landing strip at Melbourne on the coast 160 miles north of Miami The pilots Henry Heim of Houston Texas and Roderick Paul MacKennon Delmar N Y were instantly killed but survivors said both engines failed before the big skyliner crashed through pine trees and ploughed a 200yard trail through the junglelike bog land The ship had been in radio con tact over Jacksonville 170 miles north of the crash scene and re ported no mechanical failures Andrew Burke Galveston Tex owner of the plane said he bought the surplus C47 aircraft from the army about a year ago and that he had been operating between New York and San Juan for the last 5 or 6 months It was his only plane and received a 100 hour checkup in San Juan lut Thursday Burke said after arriv ing here from Miami Questioned about the load Burke said federal regulations al lowed 25 passengers and a crew of 3 but that 7 or 8 of the passengers in the crashed ship were children and the 22500 pound maximum Joad was not exceeded CAA officials at the scene de clined to comment on their in vestigation but a regional officials of the federal agency hi Atlanta said it seemed to him that the plane was carrying too many passengers In Washington meanwhile Sen Owen Brewster RMe chair man of a senate commerce sub committee on aviation that has Record Crowe at Picnic in Blue Earth By Staff Representative Blue Earth silvi anniversary of the HamiltonStor picnic was celebrated here Sun day with a recordbreaking a tendance The program in front of th fairgrounds grandstand feature a morning sermon by The Rev H A Okdale of Ellsworth Wis and afternoon addresses by Tor geir Siqveland royal Norwegian consul general at Minneapolis an Val Bjornson ace editorial write and radio commentator from S Paul After the picnic dinner and be fore the afternoon program 7 Former students of old Jewel Lutheran college held a reunio and listened to a brief talk by th Rev Mr Okdale once identifie with the Jewell institution Music throughout the day abou as near perfect as July days come was provided by the Frost Minn high school band under the baton of Mr Hanke In both the morning churcl service and the afternoon program a male octet from Stanhope di rected by M Eugene Fardal pre sented some much appreciate numbers some of them in the Norwegian language Ellis Ander son of Jewell played a piano soli on the afternoon program Mr Okdale in his sermon stressed the importance of inborn faith in Christianity likening it to the relationship existent between parent and child Much of Mr Siqvelands talk was given icver to a transmitting of greetings to those assemblec from the Norwegian government and specifically from King Haak on who on Aug 3 will reach his 75thbirthday President R M Hall asked for and received authority from the audience to transmit a special con been probing the tragic series of domestic airline crashes said an investigation of the Melbourne crash would be begun immediate ly by technical expert Carl Dolan It took superpowered military trucks and water buggies 2 hours to inch through the flooded brushland to reach the plane Then began the grisly task of bringing out the 15 survivors and bodies of 21 dead NLRB UPHOLDS OLIVER RULING Says Company Action Is Misunderstanding Washington national ren in these words Earl Warren is honest lik able and clean He will never set the world on fire or even make U smoke He has the limitations CONTINUED ON PAGE 2 labor relations board Monday up held its trial examiner which found the Oliver corporation of Charles City Iowa had engaged in certain unfair labor practices The board said however that the companys action was due to a misunderstanding The corporation had filed ex ceptions to the trial examiners report and arguments were heard here last March The United Farm Equipment and Metal Workers CIO was the union involved The NLRB ordered the corpora tion to cease and desist from re fusing to bargain collectively with the union The board said that because the basis of the respondents Oliver refusal to bargain x x x was a goodfaith misunderstanding of its obligations x x x we will not order that the respondent cease and de sist from the commission of any other unfair labor practices gratulatory message to the king on the occasion of his birthday There was a like exchange of greetings with Norways Ambas sador Morgenstierne and Carl Hambro eminent Norwegian statesman who on 2 previous oc casions has talked here Mr Bjornson a Norwegian of Icelandic ancestry who in recenl years spent 4 years in Iceland in naval service touched heavily on RussoAmerican relations in his afternoon address While asserting that war with Russia is by no means Inevitable he voiced the opinion that Russias obstructive tactics at every point were creating a vast i problem for the world In its guest for neigh borliness and peace In connection with his address of welcome Mayor Carl Adams presented to R M Hall a specially engraved writing set as a token of his communitys appreciation of the lowans leadership of the Ham iltonStory association for 25 years Mr Hall along with Secretary Martin Madison and other officers was chosen by voice vote to con tinue for another year Among the distinguished guests presented to the packed grand stand in the afternoon was Mrs Siqveland who expressed to her i audience the great appreciation of Norwegians for help received from American Norwegians during the war Susie W Stageberg of Red Wing Minn spoke briefly too recalling the days when her husband who died rather recently was identified with Jewell college Community singing on the after noon program was in charge of Earl Hall GlobeGazette editor BOTTOMS unusual view of a railroad train was taken after the southbound passenger of the Chicago Great Western railroad was derailed south of Burchinal about 6 miles south and 5 miles west of Mason City at p m Sunday The engine tender and mail car turned over when George Gooder Kayenny Fholo the front end of the train went down a 20 foot embank ment The baggage car and one coach remained upright but were derailed No one was injured A bus took the passengers to their destination Other picture page 2 President Asks Coal Steel Producers Hold Price Boost Washington jp Truman appealed to coal anc teel producers Monday to wai until a fair test has been made f the effects of the coal wage ettlement before making any rice increases The president in a statement aid the effect of the wage settle ment is badly misrepresented by bare statement that it amounts a an increase of about 45 cents or hour in the wages of miners It is only reasonable to ask oal and steel producers to wait ntil a fair test has been made of actual effects of the wage ad ance under conditions of maxi mum production the president sserted If prices are raised at once nd a wave of increases in related rices upsets our economy we ever will know what would have appened if the coal and steel anagers had been willing to wait The risk involved by continu ing present prices of coal and eel long enough to learn what he increased costs of production trill actually be under the new agreement Is not serious specially in view of the fact that ich action will greatly reduce le hazards of renewed infla on Saying the producers of coal nd steel have been enjoying heir full share of high profits e concluded I am sure that they as re sensible leaders of industry will ant to invest a portion of those rofits in themaintenance of usiness stability and prosperity r all our people The president spoke of deep ncern being expressed in many uarters over the results of the cent settlement between John L Lewis United Mine workers and the coal operators He men tioned widespread fear that it might lead to substantial increases in coal and commodity prices as well resulting in renewing the inflationary spiral This would be a serious blow to our economy and to the con tinuance of the present high level of production and employment Mr Truman said But such blow need not fall upon us Retail prices of coal to house hold users in Pittsburgh Monday rose to 2 a ton There has been speculation that the price of steel might go up as much as a ton There were other reports of retail price hikes The president said It Is unfortunate that the pub lic does not yet fully understand through the complicated details of the agreement what is the ac tual impact of this settlement upon the cost of producing coal In view of the uncertainty as to whether or how much mine costs of coal may be raised the people of the country have the right to demand that their pros perity shall not be imperiled by immediate increases in the price of coal and in the price of steel Clamp Military Rule on Palestine Area Jerusalem Military rule was clamped down Monday on 0000 to 14000 persons in the Natanya area to facilitate the search for 2 British army ser eants kidnaped early Saturday y Irgun Zvai Leumi a Jewish underground organization Weather Report FORECAST Mason City Fair Monday night and Tuesday Continued warm and humid Low Monday night 6268 High Tuesday near 90 Iowa Generally fair warm and ratherhumid Monday night and Tuesday Widely scattered thun dershowers near Missouri river Monday night Low Monday night 6570 high Tuesday 9095 High Sunday 93 at Sioux City and Des Minnesota Generally fair Monday night and Tuesday followed by scattered thundershowers in north Tuesday afternoon or eve ning No important change in temperature IN MASON CITY GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Monday morning Maximum 88 Minimum 64 At 8 a m Monday 76 YEAR AGO Maximum 92 Minimum 68 GlobeGazette weather statistics for 24 hour period ending at 8 oclock Sunday morning Maximum 83 Minimum 69 At 8 a m Sunday Precipitation Trace MinnesotaIowa Cars Collide Lansing Man Killed Near Waukbn Waukon arrange ments were being made Monday for C F Stutzman 63 manual training teacher at Lansing who was killed Saturday night when his car and an auto driven by Val Menke Constance Minn sideswiped on highway 9 12 miles northeast of here Dr C W Ro minger said Stutzman suffered a crushed skull and a broken neck Neither Mrs Stutzman nor Menke was injured SAME Black Ilaf means traffic deatb in past 24 Ladino clover is a giant form of common white clover which is showing promise as a cornbelt pasture crop Truman Not 48 Candidate For SenatoratLarge Washington Brewster RMaine talked with Presi dent Truman Monday about Brewsters bill to make expresidents of the United States senatorsatlarge Smiling broadly Brewster said Mr Truman quipped that he wouldnt be a candidate for senatoratlarge next presi dential election that he might eventually be interested Smile when you write that though Brewster told reporters CRASHES IN RU5S ZONE Berlin American army C47 transport plane made a crash landing in the Russian zone of Germany Saturday it was dis closed Monday The plane was pi loted by Capt Walter H Berger Wingate N Car None of the 10 persons aboard was injured Four persons including a woman para chuted Perilla is of the mint family The seed produces a rapiddrying oil used in paint and varnish JEWELL COLLEGE ALUMNI register for alumni of Jewell college the one time Norwegian Lutheran church school at Jewell held 76 names at the close of the Hamil tonStory county picnic at Blue Earth Minn Sunday evening The picture was taken at the Photo by Bine Earth alumni gathering in the afternoon at which they heard a brief talk by the Rev H A Okdale Ellsworth Wis also formerly of Jewell college VOTEIS2SHORT OF NUMBER TO OVERRIDE VETO President Promises to Send Veto Promptly to Congress for Vote senate passed the income tax re duction bill Monday sending it to the white house where a certain veto awaits it The vote was 60 to 32 which was 2 short of the twothirds mar gin the supporters of the cut would have to run up in order to make the bill law over President Tru mans objections Three senators were Wagner DN ill at his home Tobey KN in New Hamp shire at the bedside of his ailing wife and Elbert Thomas D en route to the capital after attending an international labor conference at Geneva Switzer land The house already has cleared the bill by a margin of nearly 3 to 1 The crucial test will come pos sibly later this week when the 2 houses vote on overriding the veto Senator Vandenberg RMich said he had received renewed as surances from the president Mon day that the bill would be re turned promptly Before the final vote the sen ate rejected a scries of amend ments including a proposal to al low husbands and wives in all states to split their income for tax purposes Also turned down was a proposal to raise personal ex emptions from to The joint income amendment was offered by Senator McClellan SI 0000 BONDS FOR SERGEANTS Hold Hearings for 2 Who Took Atom Records Pittsburgh former XT S army sergeants accused of tak ng secret records from the Los Alamos N Mex atomic bomb pro ect were given preliminary hear ings Monday before U S com missioners in Pittsburgh and Chi cago Alexander Von Der Luft 23 of suburban Mt Lebanon was freed on bond by Commissioner iloger Knox who said a date for a further hearing would be set after arrival of a certified copy of the from New Mexico The husky bespectacled former staff sergeant left the courtroom with his father without making any statement At Chicago Ernest D Wallis 34 also was given a hearing en a charge of wilfully and unlawfully and concealing records md documents A similar bond vas set in his case The sum of 10000 had been recommended by he justice department ake Mills Girl Drowns t Albert Lea But Barents Are Away Albert tea Minn from the parents of Mardell Fos ness 12 Lake Mills Iowa who Irowned in Fountain lake here ivas expected Monday The child came by bus with a ompanion from Lake Mills for wimming When the companion eported her missing a human hain of swimmers formed and the hore line was swept Her body vas found but apparently she had seen dead for 45 minutes Efforts by life guards Red Cross vorkers firemen and a doctor to resuscitate her failed The Rev Boe of Lake Mills was iDtified but the girls parents fc and Mrs Herbert Cox were way from home Sunday VIental Examination for Assailant of Bricker 14 by Court Washington IP Municipal udge Allen K Raedy Monday or ered a mental examination for Villiam L Kaiser former capital oliceman charged with firing 2 hots Saturday at Senator Bricker Assistant United States Attorney ohn B Diamond asked for the xamination Kaiser is to be held without ond The examination will be von at Gallinger hospital here udge Raedy directed that the ndings be brought to the court t a hearing on Aug 14 ;