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Mason City Globe-Gazette (Newspaper) - July 14, 1943, Mason City, Iowa NORTH IOWAS DAILY PAPER EDITED FOR THE HOME T OF HISTORY A NO HO I ME j I i 1 I V VOL XLIX ASSOCIATED PRESS WtKK MAKES ALL NORTH IOWANS NEIGHBORS MASON CITY IOWA WEDNESDAY JULYTTT94F HOME EDITION PAPE SECTIONS LLIES PUSH NORTH ON EAST SICILY Off Defending Troops REDS CUP OFF NAZI WEDGES IN BITTER FIGHTS Possible Full Scale CounterOffensive Indicated in Reports MOSCOW UR The IQday ld battle oE Kiirsk appeared to have reached the turning point Wednesday with mounting Rus sian counterattacks pointing to B possible early fullscale counter pf tensive The red army buttressed by I strons reinforcements of tanks was reported to he clipping off German wedges in bitter fight ing around Belgorod and field dispatches asserted that the Rus I sians were wresting the initia j live from the enemy all along the 165mile Kursk front The Russians were hurling large I forces ujto simultaneous counter lattacks against the point and I flanks of wedges driven into their lines near Belgorod in Ihe early i stages of the German summer of ferisive last week i While it still is premalure to conclude that the German offen i sive has been definitely broken it now is clear that the enemy has not achieved any significant tacti 1 cal success Russian losses have jKj been heavy but lower than those fVpi the Germans London military experts said therewas no confirmation of re thatAdolf Hitlerhas as personal charge of the axis summer offensive around Kursk We hope the reports are true one commentator said Another London dispatch said that the red army nas believed to have recovered most of the positions lost in the early days of the axis offensive around Bel eorod and speculated that Ihe Russians may launch a heavy blow against the almost ex hausted Germans momentarily German pressure against the end of the front has died out com pletely il was reported and signs mounted that the Germans have given up hope of driving a pincers around what they estimated to be 400000 soviet troops in the Kursk salient The abortive 10day offensive so far has cost the Germans 2772 tanks 1187 planes and lens of thousands of officers and men soviet sources said Slim Chance of Evacuation From Sicily By HARRISON SALISBURY LONDON chances for a Sicilian Dunkirk are regarded as extremely slim by military observers despite the fact that only two and a half miles of wa ter separate the island from the Italian at the narrowest point It is believed here that Italian and German forces are fight ing under orders to resist to the end and it is doubted whether an attempt will he made for evacuation when and if the axis loses the de cisive battle for control of the island It is emphasized now that this battle may begin at any moment Even if a major evacuation were attempted by the axis com f vw uj tilt rtAli CUIIl iiiwuiiLO Wi uitllL mand the chances for its success heavier casuallies would be very small Allied naval Jorces are ranging northward foito iiuiuiwurci along the Sicilian east coast and the allied air umbrella is in posi o in wijuik said gains in lolal uon to attack any evacuation monthly production were not high p g to put out frofn to meet the scheduled goals that represent requirements Messina It is understood that the Ital ians already are maintaining con tact between Messina and Calabria only with the greatest difficulty Moreover it is expect ed that the decisive battle will be fought on the Catania or Licata plains or on the plateau connect ing them An allied victory on that ter rain wonld split the axis forces cutting off those in the western and northern parts of island from those on the north eastern tip since it wnnld the allies control of the east west railroad Catania to Ctltaaimetu Valor of Rainbow Division ln War l Is Famed Fighting Group Reactivated at Camp Gruber Ceremonies By PAUL R BUMBAKGER Iowa Daily Press Writer DES MOINES tivation at Camp Gruber Okla Wednesday of the famous Rain bow division or 42nd division ion which lale Wednesday wm be mfli World tary organization in World war 1 Nearly 100 Vets of Old Outfit at Rainbow Ceremonies By EDWARD CURTIS CAMP GRUBER Okla Graying veterans of the old battle scarrred Rainbow will test the Wt War II the of the stal wart fighters of World War t Almost 500 veterans of the old outfit will take a part in the sol emn reactivation of the division at p m C W T Before the ceremony the vet erans will be given an opportun ity to try their blank some of the new war weapons And standing beside a display of the modern hardhitting artil lery will be an oldtime friend of the men who fought so brilliantly at Champagne an old high wheeled French 77 mm field gun The wives who for 25 years have heard thechow line stories will pet a that chance to find out about too The veterans and their wives will be fed Wednesday night from four gasfired field kitchens To make them feel at home therell be tubs of boiling water for veterans who wish to wash their mess kits In the reactivation ceremony the veterans will turn over to the new division their worn but revered battle Hafts as a symbol of their blcsVmjs and hopes that the new outfit will win added honors on the fighting front At a reunion of he veterans in Tulsa Brig Gen Harry J Collins new commander of the division once led by Gen Douglas MacAr thur and his officers were hon ored You have given us your tradi tions earned on the field of battle and we promise to hold them sacred Collins told them Through you we can become great and because of you will we carry on We are not the new Rainbow are the Rainbow division BETTER WAR SUPPORT URGED Pleas Are Presented by Home Front Leaders WASHINGTON UP Leaders of the home front war effort joined Wednesday in warning the nation that it must do a better job to support the troops on fighting fronts The warnings were voiced in a program sponsored by the war ad vertising council during which War Production Board Chairman Donald M Nelson Economic Stabilization Director Fred M Vinson War Food Administrator Marvin Jones and War Informa tion Director Elmer Davis in dorsed the councils goal of a war message in every ad Nelson said June production although better than in May still did not show much improve ment He added that as a nation we are doing a good job but it is not good enough Davis said the United Slates expect our offensive action to grow swifter and heavier which means that we shall have to expend larger and larger amounts of material and suffer And that means we need a bet ter organized more efficient home front he added Nelson of the military services and the united nations He said factors hampering war production included the man power shortage absenteeism a dangerously pre strikes and i lure hn h H an eating the bag However he said the formidable strong point i problems and American pro ducers are about lo get their sec ond wind Nelson praised the part adver tising has played in makifig ihe American public conscious tjf iheir pan in the war effort and said il has been an force for the nation at war An Iowa group attending the ceremony near Muskogce is head ed by Gov Bourke B Hicken looper who appropriately flew to the scene in an army plane The flag of the 168th infantry com posed of Iowa national guards men who fought in the Rainbow of yesteryear as well as an artists reproduclioj of the state seal are on display there LI Geti Mathew A Tiulcy of Council fluffs commander of the Iowa stale suard and of the 168th in World war I is attending the ceremony He is a former president of the Rain bow Veterans association and held the rank of colonel in the last war Friends of the general a de vout man like to tell the story of how he earne on a French bat tlefield upon a dying doughboy who was cursing violently Why dont you repeat the Lords prayer lad he asked I donl know il came the halting reply Say it after me he said Together the two communed with their Maker It was on July 141918 that a new German offensive opened in France lowans were among the national guardsmen from 28 stales and District of Columbia comprising the Rainbow which withstood a fivehour shelling then held fast when greyclad waves of Germans atlacked The American division had passed its first test under fire Now 25 years later lo the day a new 42nd division comes into being under command of BriE Gen Harry J Collins Significantly men from every state in the union form the new organization whose name de noting myriad colors reflects the many states types of life and shades of thought repre sented by its membership Iowa leaders of today arc proud of the stales role in the new division They are equally proud of its glorious traditions of the past Governor Hickenlooper terms the 168th one of the most im portant components of the old 42nd division whose record was outstanding Major General Flager comman der of the old Rainbow division once said Iowa may well be proud of her representation in the Rainbow division The regiment continu ally harassed the enemy and kept him constantly uncertain and ncr Originally the old 3rd Iowa in fantry the scrapping 6Sth was initially under command of Col Ernest R Bennett of DCS Moines The guardsmen received prelim inary training at the slalc fair grounds in DCS Moines The 42nd division was organized in August of 1917 at Camp Mills N Y A total of 1600 lowans served in it at one lime At wars end 1600 Iowa members of the division marched through a victory arch on capitol hill in n triumphant parade in DCS Moines Even the departure of the 168th for overseas duty was eventful The lowans hid boarded an old ship which failed to keep up with the convoy and returned to New York unes corted A few days out of Hali fax on the second ship the Nova Scotian harbor was blasted by an explosion Most famed exploil of Ihe lowans was Hie storied taking of HiU 212 in a joinl French and American offensive toward Ihe Ourca and Vcslc rivers By ag gressiveness the allied troops forged forward 15 kilometers nTYtu J r omeers g C War is in and beating down the w of Hill srong pon o l S faing wilh lhcse 212 A testimonial to the fierce fighting was the retention of Sergy a French village which changed hands eight times Hill 212 was a domelike em inence the stccpcstand mosl for bidding rise in the sector The valley approaching it was planted in wheat vf kwl WVI bv j rt I cealmcnt lo the invader Under the ALLIES JOINED BY MARTINIQUE Allegiance Transfer Made on Bastille Day WASHINGTON JPj Martini que for many months the only French nonaxisqccupicd terri tory to hold out ag ainst coopera t ing in the fight to liberate France returned to the fold Wednesday and placed its ships and resources at Ihe disposal of the united na tions ft was significant to many ob servers that the formal Iransfer of allegiance comes on Ihe 154lh anniversary of the storming of Ihe revolutionary act that marked the birth of French freedom Henri Hoppenot delegate of the French committee of national liberation was due to arrive at Fort De France Wednesday and formally take over from Admiral Georges Robert the authority he formerly exercised as French high commissioner of the Antilles Tlie state departmentTuesday night made clear that Admiral a holdout against cooperation in the fight to free decided at last to re linquish his authority to a rep resentative of the Flench com mittee in Algiers In announcing arrangements for the transfer of authority the state department said Henri Hop penot had assured the United Stales government thai Ihe fa cilities and French Anlilles would of be bilized lo the fullest extent in the war against the axis and that all presently immobilized French naval and merchant ships at Martinique would be made avail able Most important of Ihe naval vessels now at Marinique is the 22000 ton aircraft carrier Beam Also at Fort DC France are the fast cruiser Emilc Berlin the training cruiser Jeanne DArc various auxiliary vessels and a number of tankers HEADS CONSERVATION GKOUP DES MOINES WVFrcd 1 Poyncer of Cedar Rapids has been elected chairman of the state con servation commission succeeding tB Gaunitz of Lansing who held the post the last two years Buy War Savings Bonds and Stamps from your GlobeGazette carrier boy cover of a nocturnal veil of mist brave lowans stealthily appvochcd the base of Ihc hill A clatter of Gorman machine gun fire broke Ihe silence when Ihe slccl of bay onets held by Ihe IGSlh glistened in the rays of an early morning sun The lowans held no weapons except those carried by infantry men For every yard of ground gained a life was lost The tragedy of war was written into homes back in distant Iowa with every ad vancing step was neared When the crescent there were not enough men left to sustain a frontal atlack A flanking ma neuver w a s executed which aincd the objective The laking of thai hill was bul 4 4 4 RUMBLES OFF BARGEU S tank coming down ramp of landing barge preparing to hitthebeach U S Flying Forts Destroy 45 Fighters Over France Strong Formations Strike at German Aircraft Installations LONDON MVStrong forma tions of U S flying fortresses and RAF light and fighterbombers attacked German installations in three points of France Wednesday and the fortresses destroyed more than 45 enemy lighters it was an nounced Wednesday night In addition U S thunderbolts shot down three German planes and other fighters accounted for three more Flyiiwr fortress formations striking at German aircraft iji stallalions in France after KAF night raiders had made a heavy attack on Ihe German railway city of Aachen bombed aircraft repair and assembly plants at Villaconblay an aircraft factory and park at Ie Bourgel and an airfield at AmicnsGlisy Bombing results were good al all three targets a communique said Boston and typhoon bombers at tacked an airfield at Abbeville and Tricqueville U S army air force thunder bolts escorting one fortress forma tion over its target destroyed three FockeWulf 190S and RAF Do minion and allied fighter icuiad rons destroyed three more of the same type Eight bombers and four fighters are missing from the daylight operations il was announced For nearly an hour the sky was filled with all types of planes fly ing at high allitudc and leaving behind them long Irails of vapor that could be seen for miles in the sunlight wenly British planes were re ported lost in the night raid on Aachen which was accompanied umy one 01 tne five the Richer 36 was swift repoitcd m scnous condition ighters Wednesday He suffered fractures j lof lwo vertebrae and several ribs The German rado acknowlI and a lung injury physicians said edged that a considerable number of buildings had been destroyed in the raid on Aachen and reported a largo number of casualties among the civilian population The city which lias a normal population of 1G4000 is situated about yj miles southwest of Col ogne There arc approximately 40 textile plants in the city and vicinity as well as large tire anil tube factories slassworks and chemical plants Four railway terminals also arc situated in Aachen German air raiders struck back Tuesday night at coastal districts in northeastern Britain concen trating on one town where they caused some fatalities and dam age Naxi planes struck out again early Wednesday attacking in waves and divebombing a city on the northeast coast of England At least 12 persons were reported killed and many injured in Ihc city which was identified by Ihe German radio as Hull Waterloo Farm Youth Is Fatally Hurt in TruckAuto Collision WATERLOO Myer j 21 Waterloo farm youth died Wednesday in Allen Memorial hospital here of skuli fractures he suffered Tuesday afternoon in a truckautomobile crash at a country road intersection north of Ihe cily Five plhcr persons including the victims father Edward 46 and sister Mary 16 were hos pitalized Only one of the five the Rov Warships Aid Drive Along Sicily Coast By VIKGIL IINKLEY ALLIED HEADQUARTERS North Africa war ships including hornetlike tor pedo boats ranging norlhward lo the Messina straits joined with air forces in supporting a drive up the east coast of Sicily toward Ca tania and smashing axis lank columns and gun positions on the south toast front a communique laid Wednesday The Greek communique saicj that and British destroyers Elicited the port of Augusta main Italian naval base on the east coast at 4 p m Monday and that allied forces occupied that port early Wednesday morning The Augusta harbor facilities were almost intact and the Ital ian 20Gth coastal division virtually was destroyed in the operations on the cast coast where Catania airfield was heavily shelled by al lied warships early Tuesday The communique said that de spite some enemy bombing at tacks the disembarkation pro ceeded smoothly presumably close to Catania The allies seized at least 2000 more prisoners mostly Italians while a flotilla of MTBs motor torpedo boats operating in the straits of Messina engaged two axis torpedo boats which were set abla7e and driven ashore A third enemy boat was damaged but es caped American warships supported United States troops under Gen George S Patton Jr who were engaging enemy tank formations behind Gela and also bombarded lie airfield at Ponlc Olivo The American warships then shelled enemy positions at Porto Empc docle on the south coast of Sicily west of Agrigcnto YANKSCAPTURE 2 OF ENEMYS MAIN AIRFIELDS Are Within 10 Miles of Agrigento Where Axis Forces Are Massing ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN NORTH AFRICA veteran eighth army Wednesday plunged northward beyond fallen Augusta toward Catania agaitisl drive to seal off Sicilys east coast and set the stage for another Cap Bon At the same time the American seventh army led by Lt Gen George S PaUon Jr spreading westward and northward from its beachheads on the south coast captured two of the enemys 10 mam Sicilian airfields including Comiso and swept io within 12 SUIT AGAINST FOXDA LOS ANGELES woman identified by her lawyers only as Miss Barbara Thompson has brought suit against Henry Fonda 37 year old screen aclor now iii the U S navy charging Fonda is the father of her child and asking 52000 monthly for its sun port Weather Report FORECAST MASON CITY Cooler Wednesday a fIcrnoon and w c d n c s d a v nigh continued cool Thursday forenoon IOWA Cooler south and cast portions Wednesday night slightly warmer by Thursday noon MINNESOTA Cooler southeast and continued cool north and west portions Wednesday night Rising temperature Thursday forenoon IN MASON CITY lDbeCqzeltc weather statistics Maximum Tuesday Minimum Tuesday fili At 8 a m tvi Rain B8 Rain measuring up lo an inch fell in some parts of Mason City Tuesday night Precipitation at Belmond measured 17 of an inch YEAH AGO Maximum 72 Minimum 59 Precipitation weak resistance in a UKXKItAI MONTCOMKllY IJrilish in Sicily milcs of Agrigento axis has been massiti a countcratUick where the forces for The position of Catania astride the road lo Messina and 55 miles from the stratccic wa ter neck which separates Sicily from Italy was much like that of Hiimmani Llf at the entrance lo Cap Bon in Tunisia ivtierc the British army hrokc through last ml completed Cnl Jcn VOH Arnims tustropbp i Catania its airport bombarded by allied warships early Tuesday and plastered by loads of bombs from flying fortresses a few hours later appeared to be in a pre carious position as Montgomery battered back German rcsislance Already allied naval forces were disputing domination oi all sea approaches lo Messina Straits Allied air forces sank two more crjctny merchantmen and dam IV line rupresonla the approxi mate allocl front m Sicily where AmencaaCanadianBrit c inl Tif TVT thcir ljy more cit es The British made a new knljns shjp amw at ;